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Volume 11, Number 2
January 9, 2012


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Loop quantum gravity
Quasicrystals
Star-forming regions
Methane on Titan
Neutrino mixing angles
Possible superluminal neutrinos
Thermohaline circulation
Permian-Triassic mass extinction
Quantum entanglement
Neutrino astronomy
Neutron stars
Failed star-forming regions
Extrasolar planets
Exoplanet satellite habitability
Sypersymmetry and Higgs bosons
Global warming
Dark matter

Technology

Graphene
Metamaterials
Storing light in fiber
Time cloaking
Quantum computing
Conduction in nanoscale wires
Photovoltaics
Quantum dot lasers
DNA information storage
Nanotechnology
Controlled fusion
DNA sequencing

Life sciences

Biofilms
Tissue aging, mitochondrial dysfunction, and stem cells
Chk1 and mitosis
Genetic factors for disease and longevity
Stem cells and longevity
JNK signaling and histone modification
Virus replication compartments
Tridimensional human genome map
Listeria monocytogenes infection mechanism
Microbe metabolism
Adaptation by RNA editing
Centrosomes
Stem cells and primate chimeras
Bacterial immune systems
B cell fate determination
Proteostasis regulators
Protein conformations
Evolutionary increase of complexity
Threose nucleic acid

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Depression
Schizophrenia
Estrogen and neural synapses
GABA and neural network development
Autism
Brain-imaging studies
Language learning
Sex differences in personality
Oxytocin

Health and medicine

Alzheimer's disease
Parkinson's disease
Hepatitis C
Cancer
Avian flu
Obesity
Diabetes
AIDS
Cancer biology
Adenovirus vaccines
Antibiotic resistance
Cardiovascular disease
Inflammatory bowel disease
Stem cells and aging
Stem cells
Gene therapy
Multiple sclerosis
Nanobiotechnology
Langerhans cells and cancer
Malaria
Cognitive aging
Totally drug-resistant tuberculosis



Physical sciences


Loop quantum gravity

References:
  1. January 3, 2012 - Physicists propose test for loop quantum gravity
Background


Quasicrystals

References:
  1. January 3, 2012 - Impossible crystals are 'from space'
  2. January 3, 2012 - Nobel prizewinning quasicrystal fell from space
  3. January 4, 2012 - Research team suggests rock found in Russia an extraterrestrial quasicrystal
  4. January 6, 2012 - The quasicrystal that fell to Earth
  5. January 13, 2012 - Quasicrystal is extraterrestrial in origin
Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. January 4, 2012 - Rose-Colored Omega Nebula Captured in Exquisite Detail
  2. January 4, 2012 - The smoky pink core of the Omega Nebula - also here
Background


Methane on Titan

References:
  1. January 4, 2012 - Researchers build computer model that explains lakes and storms on Saturn's moon Titan
  2. January 6, 2012 - Figuring out why most of Titan's methane lakes have northern exposures
Background


Neutrino mixing angles

References:
  1. January 4, 2012 - Third experiment homes in on neutrino mixing angle
Background


Possible superluminal neutrinos

References:
  1. January 4, 2012 - Faster-than-light neutrinos dealt another blow
  2. January 6, 2012 - If them neutrinos are faster than light, physicists have a lot of work to do
Background


Thermohaline circulation

References:
  1. January 5, 2012 - Climate Machine: Steady as She Goes
Background


Permian-Triassic mass extinction

References:
  1. January 5, 2012 - Earth's massive extinction: The story gets worse
Background


Quantum entanglement

References:
  1. January 5, 2012 - Proposed experiment offers new way to generate macroscopic entanglement
Background


Neutrino astronomy

References:
  1. January 5, 2012 - Neutrino hunting underwater telescopes probe origins
Background, Background


Neutron stars

References:
  1. January 5, 2012 - Neutron Stars Shattered by Perfect Pitch
Background


Failed star-forming regions

References:
  1. January 6, 2012 - The Star That Never Was
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. January 6, 2012 - Four new exoplanets to start off the new year!
Background


Exoplanet satellite habitability

References:
  1. January 6, 2012 - Wanted: Habitable moons
  2. January 9, 2012 - Exomoons? Kepler's on the hunt
  3. January 16, 2012 - Kepler space telescope could find exomoons
Background


Sypersymmetry and Higgs bosons

References:
  1. January 6, 2012 - Higgs result means elegant universe is back in vogue
Background, Background


Global warming

References:
  1. January 8, 2012 - Global warming caused by greenhouse gases delays natural patterns of glaciation
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. January 8, 2012 - Mundane dark matter may lurk in starry clusters
Background



Technology


Graphene

References:
  1. January 3, 2012 - Graphene mixer can speed up future electronics
  2. January 4, 2012 - Scientists discover graphene nanomaterials with tunable functionality in electronics
  3. January 5, 2012 - Graphene rips follow rules: Simulations show carbon sheets tear along energetically favorable lines
  4. January 5, 2012 - Graphene's piezoelectric promise
  5. January 5, 2012 - Researchers measure and model inhomogeneous energy landscapes in graphene
  6. January 8, 2012 - Graphene reveals its magnetic personality
Background


Metamaterials

References:
  1. January 3, 2012 - Cloaking Comes Out of the Shadows
Background


Storing light in fiber

References:
  1. January 3, 2012 - Bulging fibre excels at storing light
Background


Time cloaking

References:
  1. January 4, 2012 - Optical setup helps researchers hide an event from time
  2. January 4, 2012 - Pentagon-backed 'time cloak' stops the clock
  3. January 4, 2012 - Now you see it, now you don't: Time cloak created - also here
  4. January 5, 2012 - Cut-and-splice time cloak makes events disappear
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. January 4, 2012 - A quantum leap in computing
  2. January 5, 2012 - Quantum Search for Elusive Numbers
Background


Conduction in nanoscale wires

References:
  1. January 5, 2012 - Nanoscale wires defy quantum predictions
  2. January 5, 2012 - Narrowest conducting wires in silicon ever made show the same current capability as copper
  3. January 5, 2012 - Ohm's law holds down to atomic scale
  4. January 6, 2012 - Thinnest silicon-chip wires refuse to go quantum
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. January 5, 2012 - Multiple exciton generation
Background


Quantum dot lasers

References:
  1. January 5, 2012 - A laser that works better shaken, not stirred
Background, Background


DNA information storage

References:
  1. January 5, 2012 - Light makes write for DNA information-storage device
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. January 5, 2012 - Development of world’s first functional polymer nanowire fabrication technology by pulsed laser irradiation
  2. January 6, 2012 - 3-D view of 1-D nanostructures
Background


Controlled fusion

References:
  1. January 6, 2012 - Fuel for fusion
Background


DNA sequencing

References:
  1. January 6, 2012 - Researchers develop tools to speed DNA sequencing
Background



Life sciences


Biofilms

References:
  1. January 3, 2012 - Manipulating way bacteria 'talk' could have practical applications
Background


Tissue aging, mitochondrial dysfunction, and stem cells

References:
  1. January 3, 2012 - Aging-related degeneration caused by defects of energy metabolism in tissue stem cells?
Background, Background, Background


Chk1 and mitosis

References:
  1. January 3, 2012 - Smaller sibling protein calls the shots in cell division
Background


Genetic factors for disease and longevity

References:
  1. January 3, 2012 - Genetic predisposition to disease common in two supercentenarians: study
Background, Background


Stem cells and longevity

References:
  1. January 3, 2012 - A shot of young stem cells made rapidly aging mice live longer and healthier
  2. January 11, 2012 - Stem cell injection improves aging cells in mice
Background, Background


JNK signaling and histone modification

References:
  1. January 3, 2012 - Signaling to chromatin
Background, Background


Virus replication compartments

References:
  1. January 4, 2012 - The private nuclear rooms of herpesviruses
Background


Tridimensional human genome map

References:
  1. January 4, 2012 - Scientists create first 3-D map of human genome
Background


Listeria monocytogenes infection mechanism

References:
  1. January 4, 2012 - Researchers discover a compound that controls Listeria
Background


Microbe metabolism

References:
  1. January 4, 2012 - For the smallest organisms, size determines how microbes spend energy
Background


Adaptation by RNA editing

References:
  1. January 5, 2012 - Octopuses Rewrite Their RNA to Beat the Cold - also here
  2. January 5, 2012 - Adaptation without genetic changes help an octopus handle freezing temps
  3. January 6, 2012 - Eight-legged evolution exploits editing
  4. January 6, 2012 - RNA editing responsible for colder water survival in octopus
Background, Background


Centrosomes

References:
  1. January 5, 2012 - Flatworms' minimalist approach to cell division reveals molecular architecture of human centrosome
Background


Stem cells and primate chimeras

References:
  1. January 5, 2012 - Three monkeys a genetic mishmash
  2. January 5, 2012 - World's First Chimeric Monkeys
  3. January 5, 2012 - 'Chimera' monkeys created in lab by combining several embryos into one
  4. January 5, 2012 - A world's first in Oregon: Monkey babies with 6 'parents' as a stem cell test
  5. January 5, 2012 - Oregon monkeys with six parents push the limits of embryonic stem cells
  6. January 5, 2012 - World's first chimeric monkeys are born - also here
  7. January 5, 2012 - Chimeric monkeys boast six genetic identities
  8. January 9, 2012 - Baby Monkeys Have Cells From Up to Six Parents
Background


Bacterial immune systems

References:
  1. January 5, 2012 - Scientists 'hijack' bacterial immune system
Background


B cell fate determination

References:
  1. January 5, 2012 - Cells can influence their own destiny, research finds
Background


Proteostasis regulators

References:
  1. January 6, 2012 - Tiny roundworm points to big promise
Background, Background


Protein conformations

References:
  1. January 6, 2012 - Untangling a protein's influences
Background


Evolutionary increase of complexity

References:
  1. January 8, 2012 - Scientists recreate evolution of complexity using 'molecular time travel' - also here
  2. January 9, 2012 - Resurrecting extinct proteins shows how a machine evolves
  3. January 11, 2012 - How did molecular machines evolve? Researchers resurrect lost proteins to find out
Background, Background


Threose nucleic acid

References:
  1. January 8, 2012 - Before DNA, before RNA: Life in the hodge-podge world
  2. January 9, 2012 - Did an earlier genetic molecule predate DNA and RNA?
Background, Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Depression

References:
  1. January 2, 2012 - Deep brain stimulation shows promising results for unipolar and bipolar depression
  2. January 4, 2012 - A gene for depression localized
  3. January 5, 2012 - Low vitamin D levels linked to depression, psychiatrists report
  4. January 5, 2012 - Inflammation in depression: Chicken or egg?
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. January 2, 2012 - Schizophrenia diagnosis associated with progressive brain changes among adolescents
Background


Estrogen and neural synapses

References:
  1. January 3, 2012 - Songbird brain synapses and glial cells capable of synthesizing estrogen
Background


GABA and neural network development

References:
  1. January 3, 2012 - GABA signaling prunes back copious 'provisional' synapses during neural circuit assembly
Background, Background


Autism

References:
  1. January 3, 2012 - Autism may be linked to abnormal immune system characteristics and novel protein fragment
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. January 3, 2012 - Patterns of connections reveal brain functions
  2. January 4, 2012 - Facing complexity in the left brain/right brain paradigm
Background


Language learning

References:
  1. January 3, 2012 - Learn language faster with gestures
  2. January 5, 2012 - Gestures improve language learning
Background, Background


Sex differences in personality

References:
  1. January 4, 2012 - Men and women have major personality differences
Background


Oxytocin

References:
  1. January 5, 2012 - Whiff of 'love hormone' helps monkeys show a little kindness
Background



Health and medicine


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. January 2, 2012 - Changes seen in cerebrospinal fluid levels before onset of Alzheimer dementia
  2. January 2, 2012 - Another potential risk factor for developing dementia and Alzheimer's disease in women
  3. January 3, 2012 - Alzheimer's damage occurs early
  4. January 4, 2012 - 'Silver bullet' supplement could slow brain aging
  5. January 6, 2012 - A decade of research proves PET effectively detects dementia
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. January 2, 2012 - Demographic, clinical factors appear associated with survival in patients with Parkinson's disease
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. January 2, 2012 - Hepatitis C virus survives by hijacking liver microRNA: study
  2. January 5, 2012 - First trial of a new hepatitis C vaccine shows promise
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. January 2, 2012 - Milk consumption in adolescence may increase prostate cancer risk
  2. January 3, 2012 - Studies identify risk factors in rising trend of liver cancer
  3. January 3, 2012 - Anti-sense might make sense for treating liver cancer
  4. January 3, 2012 - New research finds trigger for breast cancer spread
  5. January 3, 2012 - Agent shows ability to suppress brain metastasis and related damage
  6. January 4, 2012 - Reprogrammed oestrogen binding linked to more aggressive breast cancer
  7. January 4, 2012 - Simple online tool to aid GPs in early ovarian cancer diagnosis
  8. January 4, 2012 - Cancer-killing compound spares healthy cells
  9. January 4, 2012 - Major variation in bladder cancer subtype trends highlights need for focused research
  10. January 4, 2012 - Exercise cuts bowel cancer risk
  11. January 4, 2012 - Antiestrogen therapy may decrease risk for melanoma
  12. January 5, 2012 - Cell-CT: A new dimension in breast cancer research
  13. January 5, 2012 - Proton therapy effective prostate cancer treatment
  14. January 5, 2012 - Novel brain tumor vaccine acts like bloodhound to locate cancer cells
  15. January 5, 2012 - Photoacoustic device finds cancer cells before they become tumors
  16. January 5, 2012 - Fibroblasts contribute to melanoma tumor growth: study
  17. January 5, 2012 - Scientists find genetic key to why some cancer patients don't respond to treatment
  18. January 5, 2012 - New drug screening identifies chemical agents with potent anti-cancer activity
  19. January 6, 2012 - Mass prostate cancer screening doesn't reduce deaths: study
  20. January 6, 2012 - Researchers find malignancy-risk gene signature for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer
  21. January 6, 2012 - Moderate red wine drinking may help cut women's breast cancer risk, study shows
  22. January 6, 2012 - Abiraterone: Indication of considerable added benefit in certain patients
  23. January 7, 2012 - Hopes rise for new cancer treatment after tests with electromagnetism
  24. January 11, 2012 - Electromagnetic Fields Shrink Tumors
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. January 2, 2012 - China: Bird flu death not from human-human spread - also here
  2. January 3, 2012 - Bird Flu Not Contagious Among People
  3. January 3, 2012 - China: Bird Flu Death Not From Human-Human Spread
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. January 3, 2012 - All weight gain is not the same: When overeating, calories, not protein, contribute to increase in body fat
  2. January 3, 2012 - Bariatric surgery associated with reduction in cardiovascular events and death
  3. January 4, 2012 - Researchers discover new gene that regulates body weight
  4. January 4, 2012 - Fish oil during pregnancy does not protect against excessive adipose tissue development
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. January 3, 2012 - Explaining heart failure as a cause of diabetes
  2. January 4, 2012 - Researchers discover protein that may represent new target for treating type 1 diabetes
  3. January 4, 2012 - Scientists reassess weight loss surgery for type 2 diabetes
  4. January 6, 2012 - Added benefit of linagliptin is not proven
  5. January 6, 2012 - Unearthing a path leading to diabetes
  6. January 6, 2012 - How poor maternal diet can increase risk of diabetes -- new mechanism discovered
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. January 4, 2012 - Monkey vaccine hints at how to stop HIV
  2. January 4, 2012 - Experimental vaccine partially protects monkeys from HIV-like infection
  3. January 4, 2012 - Vaccine Protects Monkeys From HIV
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. January 4, 2012 - Secrets of Breast Cancer Resistance
  2. January 6, 2012 - Scientists identify lung cancer stem cells and new drug targets
Background


Adenovirus vaccines

References:
  1. January 4, 2012 - Chimp Viruses for Human Vaccines
Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. January 4, 2012 - Promiscuity of resistance plasmid unprecedented
  2. January 4, 2012 - Stealth tactics of bacteria revealed
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. January 4, 2012 - Benefits of statin therapy may extend beyond lowering lipids
  2. January 5, 2012 - When it comes to heart health, how much is too much vitamin D?
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. January 4, 2012 - Inflammatory bowel disease emerges as a global disease
Background


Stem cells and aging

References:
  1. January 4, 2012 - Pitt researchers find stem cells pad lives of prematurely aging mice
Background, Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. January 5, 2012 - Flexible adult stem cells, right there in your eye
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. January 5, 2012 - Understanding the structure of the TAL effector may be key for targeted gene correction
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. January 5, 2012 - Research proving link between virus and MS could point the way to treatment and prevention
  2. January 5, 2012 - Diabetic mice provide a surprising breakthrough for multiple sclerosis research
  3. January 6, 2012 - Debate over role of Eppstein-Barr virus in MS reinvigorated
  4. January 6, 2012 - Hopes for reversing age-associated effects in MS patients
  5. January 10, 2012 - Common virus may trigger MS nerve damage
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. January 6, 2012 - Gold Nanostars for Attacking Cancer
Background


Langerhans cells and cancer

References:
  1. January 6, 2012 - Skin Cells Cause Cancer?
Background, Background


Malaria

References:
  1. January 6, 2012 - Scientists characterize protein essential to survival of malaria parasite
Background


Cognitive aging

References:
  1. January 6, 2012 - Cognitive decline can begin as early as age 45: study
  2. January 6, 2012 - Cognitive decline sets in as early as 45
Background


Totally drug-resistant tuberculosis

References:
  1. January 7, 2012 - New, deadlier form of TB hits India
  2. January 12, 2012 - Totally Resistant TB: Earliest Cases in Italy
  3. January 13, 2012 - Totally drug-resistant TB emerges in India
  4. January 14, 2012 - Tuberculosis Resistant to All Known TB Drugs Surfaces in India
Background, Background


Copyright © 2012 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved