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Volume 10, Number 52
December 26, 2011


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Milky Way bar
Global warming
Earthquakes
Ultra-compact dwarf galaxies
Galaxy evolution
Early stars
OB associations
Supersolids
Extrasolar planets
Pulsars
Aerosols
Star-forming regions
Earth's core
Paleoclimatology
Iron oxide in Earth's interior
James Webb Space Telescope
Very early galaxy
Neutrino astronomy
Interacting galaxies
Higgs bosons and dark matter
Ocean acidification
Χb(3P)
Permian-Triassic mass extinction
Possible superluminal neutrinos
Dark energy

Technology

Quantum computing
Terahertz technology
Reconfigurable transistors
Fuel cells
Photovoltaics
Organic semiconductors
Carbon nanotubes
Supercomputers
Computer vision
Optical RAM
Nanotechnology
Optical diodes
Gallium arsenide semiconductors
Plasmonics
RNA device engineering
Vertical nanowire memory

Life sciences

Quantum tunneling in photosynthesis
Neanderthals
Evolution of sexual reproduction
T-cell differentiation
Ordovician fossils
Epigenetic changes due to high-fat diet
Origins of mitochondria
Evolutionary diversification
Bacterial infection
Dendritic cells
Doushantuo fossils
Messenger RNA regulation
Rapid evolution
DNA repair
Piwi-interacting RNA and transposons
Transcriptional elongation control
Protein folding
Toll-like receptor signaling and virus sensing
Chromatin regulation
Neutrophils

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Brain development and prenatal spontaneous activity
Genes and behavior
Protein interactions in neurons
Hippocampus size and memory
Bipolar disorder
Attention and multi-tasking
Habit formation
Brain asymmetry
Brain-imaging studies
Working memory
Pigeon number sense
Npas4 and memory formation
LincRNA and brain development
Schizophrenia
Depression

Health and medicine

Cardiovascular disease
Cancer
Cancer biology
Antibiotic resistance
Stem cells
CREB1, calorie restriction, and brain aging
Parkinson's disease
Malaria
Obesity
Asthma
Alzheimer's disease
Tuberculosis
AIDS
Gene therapy
Health benefits of Mediterranean diet
Vaccines
Diabetes
Inflammatory bowel disease
Intestinal bacteria and obesity
Nanobiotechnology
SIRT1, c-Myc, and tumorigenecity
Cancer vaccines
Regulatory T cells and cancer defense
Prions
Multiple sclerosis
Sepsis
Drug delivery
Autoimmune disease



Physical sciences


Milky Way bar

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - A Bar at the Center of the Milky Way
  2. December 19, 2011 - New insight into the bar in the center of the Milky Way
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Scientists mark 1/3 of a century of satellite climate data
  2. December 19, 2011 - Research reveals new data-driven methods for understanding climate change
  3. December 20, 2011 - Climate sensitivity greater than previously believed
  4. December 20, 2011 - Forest health versus global warming: Fuel reduction likely to increase carbon emissions
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Big quakes no more likely than in past: study
  2. December 20, 2011 - Global threat of large quakes not on rise
  3. December 20, 2011 - Mega-quake clusters unlikely: study
  4. December 21, 2011 - Cluster of >8.0-magnitude earthquakes doesn't indicate Earth is more active
Background


Ultra-compact dwarf galaxies

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Ultra-compact dwarf galaxies are bright star clusters
Background


Galaxy evolution

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - How can growing galaxies stay silent?
Technical papers:
  1. Can Minor Merging Account for the Size Growth of Quiescent Galaxies? New Results from the CANDELS Survey
Background


Early stars

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - The earliest stars in the Universe
Background


OB associations

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Young Stars Aren't So Young
  2. December 21, 2011 - Some nearby young stars may be much older than previously thought
Background


Supersolids

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - How Solid is Supersolid?
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - Kepler discovers first Earth-sized exoplanets
  2. December 20, 2011 - Kepler team spots Earth-sized planets orbiting sun-like star
  3. December 20, 2011 - Kepler-20's oddball planet assortment challenges models of planet formation
  4. December 20, 2011 - Little Exoplanets Found In Tiny Solar System
  5. December 20, 2011 - What Exoplanets Might Really Look Like
  6. December 20, 2011 - First Earth-sized planets netted
  7. December 20, 2011 - Kepler Spacecraft Discovers First Known Earth-Size Exoplanets
  8. December 20, 2011 - Kepler finds first earth-size planets beyond our solar system
  9. December 20, 2011 - First Earth-Sized Planets Found
  10. December 20, 2011 - Could There Be Life on the New Earth-Size Planets?
  11. December 20, 2011 - Found! 2 Earth-Size Alien Planets, the Smallest Exoplanets Yet
  12. December 20, 2011 - How Did Astronomers Find the New Earth-Size Planets?
  13. December 20, 2011 - First True 'Alien Earth' May Be Found in 2012
  14. December 20, 2011 - Kepler Team Confirms Two Hot Earths
  15. December 20, 2011 - 2 Earth-size planets spotted around distant star
  16. December 20, 2011 - NASA Kepler Probe Finds Two Earth-Sized Planets Orbiting Star - also here
  17. December 20, 2011 - NASA Finds First Earth-Sized Planets Outside Solar System
  18. December 20, 2011 - First Earth-sized planets found beyond solar system
  19. December 20, 2011 - Astronomers find two Earth-sized worlds
  20. December 20, 2011 - Smallest planet is tinier than Earth
  21. December 20, 2011 - NASA's Kepler Finds Two Earth-Size Planets Around Sunlike Star
  22. December 21, 2011 - Kepler finds first Earth-sized extrasolar planets
  23. December 21, 2011 - Remains of gas giants, swallowed by red giant star, now orbit as small planets
  24. December 21, 2011 - Toasty planets circle stellar heart
  25. December 21, 2011 - Can Earth-sized planets survive their star's expansion?
  26. December 21, 2011 - Hard-to-Kill Alien Planets Survive Dying Star's Last Gasp
  27. December 21, 2011 - First 'mini-Earth' discovered around Sun-like star
  28. December 21, 2011 - Discovery of two Earth-size planets raises questions about the evolution of stars
  29. December 21, 2011 - Astronomers, Iowa State's Kawaler discover planets that survived their star's expansion
  30. December 21, 2011 - Astronomers Discover Deep-Fried Planets
  31. December 21, 2011 - Earth-sized planets orbit distant star
  32. December 21, 2011 - NASA finds Earth-size planets outside solar system
  33. December 21, 2011 - New "Deep Fried" Planets Found - Survivors of Star Death
  34. December 22, 2011 - Kepler discovers new system of hot planets
  35. December 22, 2011 - Planet skeletons orbit dead star
  36. December 23, 2011 - Kepler Finds Two "Deep-Fried" Planets
Background


Pulsars

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - Probing a Black Hole
  2. December 20, 2011 - Celestial bauble intrigues astronomers - also here, here
  3. December 20, 2011 - Stopped clocks deepen pulsar enigmas
  4. December 21, 2011 - X-rays Unwrap a Poky Little Pulsar
  5. December 22, 2011 - Cosmic Ornament
  6. December 27, 2011 - Rare Slow-Spinning Star Reveals Space Oddity
Background


Aerosols

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - Study shows plant-sourced particles pick and choose their partners
Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - SOFIA peers in to the heart of the Orion nebula
  2. December 23, 2011 - WISE presents a cosmic wreath
Background


Earth's core

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - Ironing out the details of the Earth's core
  2. December 29, 2011 - At the Earth's Core, Secrets Slowly Emerge
Background


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - Ice Age findings forecast problems
Background


Iron oxide in Earth's interior

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - Metal undergoes novel transition under extreme pressure
Background


James Webb Space Telescope

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - Cryogenic testing completed for James Webb telescope mirrors
Background


Very early galaxy

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - Spitzer and Hubble telescopes find rare galaxy at dawn of time
  2. December 22, 2011 - Rare Galaxy from 'Dawn of Time' Photographed
Technical papers:
  1. Spectroscopic Confirmation of Three z-Dropout Galaxies at z = 6.844 - 7.213: Demographics of Lyman-Alpha Emission in z ~ 7 Galaxies - also here
Background, Background


Neutrino astronomy

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - Underwater neutrino detector will be second-largest structure ever built
Background, Background


Interacting galaxies

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - A 'Rose' made of galaxies
Background


Higgs bosons and dark matter

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - What Higgs result means for dark matter conspiracy - also here
Background, Background


Ocean acidification

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - Comprehensive study makes key findings of ocean pH variations
Background, Background


Χb(3P)

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - cb(3P): New particle at the Large Hadron Collider discovered by ATLAS experiment
  2. December 22, 2011 - LHC reports discovery of its first new particle
  3. December 23, 2011 - Large Hadron Collider finds new particle variant
  4. January 3, 2012 - LHC heads into new year with first particle discovery
Background


Permian-Triassic mass extinction

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - New Suspect in 'Great Dying': Massive Prehistoric Coal Explosion
Background


Possible superluminal neutrinos

References:
  1. December 23, 2011 - Pions don't want to decay into faster-than-light neutrinos, study finds
Background


Dark energy

References:
  1. December 23, 2011 - Variable dark energy could explain old galaxy clusters
Background



Technology


Quantum computing

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Quantum computing has applications in magnetic imaging
  2. December 19, 2011 - Electrons Take Their Places on a Liquid Helium Grid
  3. December 19, 2011 - Quantum Computing With Holograms
  4. December 20, 2011 - A new spin in diamonds for quantum technologies
  5. December 21, 2011 - Researchers devise a way to make a simple quantum computer using holograms
Background


Terahertz technology

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - Terahertz pulse increases electron density 1,000-fold
Background


Reconfigurable transistors

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - Universal transistor serves as a basis to perform any logic function
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - Researchers discover a way to significantly reduce the production costs of fuel cells
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - New breakthrough shows promise for affordable plastic solar energy cells
  2. December 21, 2011 - Researchers develop paint-on solar cells
Background


Organic semiconductors

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - Record conductivity achieved in strained lattice organic semiconductor
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - NIST releases first certified reference material for single-wall carbon nanotubes
Background


Supercomputers

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - Virginia Tech unveils HokieSpeed, a new powerful supercomputer for the masses
Background


Computer vision

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - Scientists model brain structure to help computers recognize objects
Background


Optical RAM

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - New EU project targets first 100GHz optical RAM silicon chips
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - Monitoring the transformation of silver nanowires into gold nanotubes with in situ transmission X-ray microscopy
Background


Optical diodes

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - New device could bring optical information processing
Background


Gallium arsenide semiconductors

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - New technique makes it easier to etch semiconductors
Background


Plasmonics

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - 'Plasmonic nanoantennas' show promise in optical innovations - also here
Background


RNA device engineering

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - Researchers develop CAD-Type tools for engineering RNA control systems
Background, Background


Vertical nanowire memory

References:
  1. December 23, 2011 - Vertical silicon nanowires for nonvolatile memory devices
Background, Background



Life sciences


Quantum tunneling in photosynthesis

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Tethered proteins speed up photosynthetic electron transfer
Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Neanderthal home made of mammoth bones discovered in Ukraine
Background


Evolution of sexual reproduction

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - High-energy lifestyles led to evolution of the sexes
Background


T-cell differentiation

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Exploring the mechanism behind the differentiation of immune cells
Background


Ordovician fossils

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Powys fossils 'shed new light' on ocean community evolution
Background


Epigenetic changes due to high-fat diet

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - High-fat diet leaves its mark on sperm
Background, Background, Background


Origins of mitochondria

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Twist in the tail of eukaryotic origins
Background


Evolutionary diversification

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - Study of fish fossil shows that 'head-first' diversity drives vertebrate evolution
  2. December 22, 2011 - Strange heads evolved before bodies
Background


Bacterial infection

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - Scientists reveal how bacteria build homes inside healthy cells
Background


Dendritic cells

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - First 'live' imaging of specialized immune system cells reveals new clues about body's security system
Background


Doushantuo fossils

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - Enigmatic fossils are neither animals nor bacteria
  2. December 22, 2011 - Precambrian fossils, once thought to be embryos, reinterpreted as... something else
  3. December 22, 2011 - 570-Million-Year-Old Fossils Hint at Origins of Animal Kingdom
  4. December 22, 2011 - Early animals dethroned
  5. December 22, 2011 - 'Animal embryo' fossils are actually microbes
Background


Messenger RNA regulation

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - Built-In 'Self-Destruct Timer' Causes Ultimate Death of Messenger RNA in Cells - also here
  2. December 23, 2011 - Determining mRNA Survival
Background, Background


Rapid evolution

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - Genetic study of black chickens shed light on mechanisms causing rapid evolution in domestic animals
Background


DNA repair

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - DNA mismatch repair happens only during a brief window of opportunity
Background


Piwi-interacting RNA and transposons

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - New research illustrates how genome adapts to transposon invasion
Background, Background


Transcriptional elongation control

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - Transcriptional elongation control takes on new dimensions
Background


Protein folding

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - Scientists pioneer new method for watching proteins fold
Background


Toll-like receptor signaling and virus sensing

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - New components of antiviral pathway discovered
Background


Chromatin regulation

References:
  1. December 23, 2011 - The machinery of chromatin regulation
Background, Background


Neutrophils

References:
  1. December 25, 2011 - The existence of neutrophils in the spleen discovered
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Brain development and prenatal spontaneous activity

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Timing is key in the proper wiring of the brain: study
Background


Genes and behavior

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Genes Play Major Role in Primate Social Behavior, Study Finds
Background, Background


Protein interactions in neurons

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - How the brain cell works: A dive into its inner network
Background, Background


Hippocampus size and memory

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - Why bigger is better when it comes to our brain and memory
Background, Background


Bipolar disorder

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - Rare genetic mutations linked to bipolar disorder
Background


Attention and multi-tasking

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - How do we split our attention?
Background


Habit formation

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - Habit formation is enabled by gateway to brain cells
Background


Brain asymmetry

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - Learning left from right
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - Neuroscientists demonstrate crucial advances in 'brain reading'
Background


Working memory

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - Scientists find sensor that may explain working memory
Background


Pigeon number sense

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - Pigeons Ace a Simple Math Test
  2. December 22, 2011 - Pigeons match primates in number sense
  3. December 22, 2011 - Pigeons rival primates in number task
  4. December 22, 2011 - Like monkeys, pigeons can put numbers in order
  5. December 23, 2011 - Pigeons on par with monkeys in maths ability
  6. December 23, 2011 - Pigeons show they're no bird brains
  7. December 29, 2011 - Pigeons match monkeys in abstract counting skills
  8. January 2, 2012 - Pigeons can crunch the numbers
Background


Npas4 and memory formation

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - Neuroscientists identify a master controller of memory
Technical papers:
  1. Npas4 Regulates a Transcriptional Program in CA3 Required for Contextual Memory Formation
Background


LincRNA and brain development

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - Long intervening non-coding RNAs play pivotal roles in brain development
Background, Background, Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - Treating sleep problems may be important in schizophrenia
Background


Depression

References:
  1. December 23, 2011 - Prozac works better when used with other therapies
Background



Health and medicine


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Blood pressure change at middle age more accurately predicts a heart attack and stroke
  2. December 19, 2011 - Middle-age blood pressure changes affect lifetime heart disease, stroke risk
  3. December 19, 2011 - The benefits of cardiac resynchronisation therapy in heart failure
  4. December 20, 2011 - Hypertension treatment associated with long-term improvement in life expectancy
  5. December 20, 2011 - Increase in resting heart rate over 10-year period linked with increased risk of heart disease death
  6. December 20, 2011 - Breast cancer and heart disease may have common roots
  7. December 21, 2011 - JAMA commentary contends vitamin therapy can still reduce stroke
  8. December 21, 2011 - Having a cow can be a heart healthy choice
  9. December 22, 2011 - A Cancer-Heart Disease Link
  10. December 23, 2011 - Viagra against heart failure: Researchers throw light on the mechanism
  11. December 23, 2011 - MRI scan 'better' for heart patients
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Vitamin D Prevents Fractures, But Role in Cancer Remains Unclear
  2. December 19, 2011 - Breast cancers at lower-risk detected with widespread use of mammograms
  3. December 19, 2011 - Targeting EETs to treat cardiovascular disease may prove a double-edged sword
  4. December 19, 2011 - Starving cancer
  5. December 19, 2011 - Soybean compounds enhances effects of cancer radiotherapy
  6. December 19, 2011 - Opting to track, not treat, early prostate cancer - also here
  7. December 20, 2011 - Researchers use light to measure cancer cells' response to treatment
  8. December 20, 2011 - Removal of lymph nodes during surgery for thyroid cancer may be beneficial
  9. December 20, 2011 - Obesity linked to higher 5-year death rate after esophageal cancer surgery
  10. December 20, 2011 - Evolving ovarian cancer cells 'dodge' treatment with chemotherapy
  11. December 20, 2011 - High bodily levels of nickel and selenium may lower pancreatic cancer risk
  12. December 21, 2011 - Autologous stem cell transplantation does not improve os in patients with follicular lymphoma
  13. December 21, 2011 - PET technique promises better detection and response assessment for Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
  14. December 21, 2011 - Study: Blood cancer may be more common than realized
  15. December 21, 2011 - Weather forecasting models could predict brain tumor growth
  16. December 22, 2011 - Enzyme that flips switch on cells' sugar cravings could be anti-cancer target
  17. December 22, 2011 - Gene fusion in lung cancer afflicting never-smokers may be target for therapy
  18. December 22, 2011 - Fish oil may hold key to leukemia cure
  19. December 23, 2011 - Engineers develop more effective MRI contrast agent for cancer detection
  20. December 23, 2011 - UK researchers present findings from Kentucky breast cancer patients with disease relapse
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Tissue structure delays cancer development
  2. December 19, 2011 - In cancer, molecular signals that recruit blood vessels also trigger metastasis
  3. December 21, 2011 - Study reveals how normal cells fuel tumor growth
  4. December 21, 2011 - Single gene links rare and unrelated cancers
  5. December 21, 2011 - Researchers identify potential target to delay metastatic pancreatic cancer and prolong survival
  6. December 22, 2011 - Previously unconnected molecular networks conspire to promote cancer
  7. December 23, 2011 - Cleveland Clinic researcher discovers genetic cause of thyroid cancer
Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Researchers use whole-genome sequencing to monitor evolution of drug resistance in bacteria
  2. December 22, 2011 - Drugs used to overcome cancer may also combat antibiotic resistance: researchers
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Bone marrow-derived cells differentiate in the brain through mechanisms of plasticity
  2. December 21, 2011 - New process could advance use of healthy cells or stem cells to treat disease
  3. December 22, 2011 - How do you mend a broken heart?
  4. December 22, 2011 - Blood progenitor cells receive signals from niche cells and the daughter blood cells they create
  5. December 22, 2011 - Development of 'matrix' material controlling differentiation of stem cells
Background


CREB1, calorie restriction, and brain aging

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Study: Eating less keeps the brain young
  2. December 20, 2011 - Study reveals why diet may slow ageing
  3. December 21, 2011 - Strict diet could save brain from aging: study - also here
Background, Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Innovative new strategy to treat Parkinson's disease
  2. December 22, 2011 - Scientists identify a novel therapy with potential for treating Parkinson's disease
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Shorter malaria treatment proven as effective in treating seriously ill children as standard course
  2. December 20, 2011 - New candidate vaccine neutralizes all tested strains of malaria parasite
  3. December 22, 2011 - Unraveling malaria's genetic mysteries
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Social norms for obesity learned in childhood
Background


Asthma

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - Discovery May Lead to Safer Treatments for Asthma, Allergies and Arthritis
  2. December 22, 2011 - Pinpointing asthma susceptibility in Japanese adults
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. December 19, 2011 - 'Super memory' pill - and possibly an Alzheimer's cure - could be around the corner
  2. December 20, 2011 - CSF test can pick up Alzheimer's early
  3. December 21, 2011 - Brain size may predict risk for early Alzheimer's disease
  4. December 22, 2011 - Thinner brains could signal Alzheimer's
  5. December 27, 2011 - Brain size predicts Alzheimer's-like changes
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - Could cod liver oil help combat tuberculosis?
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - HIV/AIDS vaccine developed at Western proceeding to human clinical trials
  2. December 21, 2011 - Scientists provide global view of how HIV hijacks cells during infection
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - Can nerve growth factor gene therapy prevent diabetic heart disease?
Background


Health benefits of Mediterranean diet

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - Mediterranean diet gives longer life
Background


Vaccines

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - Stopping influenza evolution before it starts
  2. December 22, 2011 - Cell membrane proteins could provide targets for broader vaccines
  3. December 22, 2011 - Researchers propose new model to design better flu shots
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - New sugar a treat for diabetes treatment
  2. December 22, 2011 - Scientists find missing link in regulation of glucose
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. December 20, 2011 - Reproductive disorder linked to increased risk of inflammatory bowel disease
Background


Intestinal bacteria and obesity

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - New evidence that bacteria in large intestine have a role in obesity
Background, Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - Novel use for African mushroom found in cancer research
  2. December 22, 2011 - Hyperthermia treatment of cancer using magnetic nanoparticles: First detailed elucidation of heat generation mechanism
  3. December 23, 2011 - Plasmonic nanocrosses that heat up when illuminated can be used to kill cancer
Background


SIRT1, c-Myc, and tumorigenecity

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - Positive feedback and tumorigenesis: A vicious circle that promotes cell proliferation
Technical papers:
  1. The c-MYC oncoprotein, the NAMPT enzyme, the SIRT1-inhibitor DBC1, and the SIRT1 deacetylase form a positive feedback loop
Background


Cancer vaccines

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - Discovery of new vaccine approach for treatment of cancer
Background, Background


Regulatory T cells and cancer defense

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - Self-regulation of the immune system suppresses defense against cancer
Background, Background


Prions

References:
  1. December 21, 2011 - New findings about the prion protein and its interaction with the immune system
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - Researchers link multiple sclerosis to different area of brain
  2. December 22, 2011 - Researcher contends multiple sclerosis is not a disease of the immune system
Background


Sepsis

References:
  1. December 22, 2011 - Scientists identify cell death pathway involved in lethal sepsis
Background


Drug delivery

References:
  1. December 23, 2011 - Novel polymers release their drug cargo in response to body temperature
Background


Autoimmune disease

References:
  1. December 25, 2011 - New synthetic molecules treat autoimmune disease in mice
Background


Copyright © 2011 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved