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Volume 10, Number 50
December 12, 2011


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Supermassive black holes
Extrasolar planets
Global warming
Paleoclimatology
Rapidly rotating star
Dark matter
White dwarfs
Quantum field theory computations
Water on Mars
Higgs boson
SETI
Galaxy tails
Massive star formation
Magnetic field structure of the Milky Way
Star formation
String theory cosmology
Stellar spin
Vampire binary stars
Earthquakes
Very long baseline interferometry
Star-forming regions
Early growth of supermassive black holes
Primordial black holes as dark matter
Planet habitability
Possible superluminal neutrinos

Technology

Nanotechnology
Advanced electronic technology
3D integrated circuits
Molybdenite integrated circuits
Topological materials
Quantum computing
Lasers
Graphene
Microelectromechanical systems
Carbon nanotubes
Nanoscale integrated circuits
Virtual reality
Bose-Einstein condensates
Resistive RAM
Extreme ultraviolet lithography
Hydrogen production
Nanowire biosensor
Superconductivity

Life sciences

Inheritance via small RNA
Septins and cellular entrapment of bacteria
Epigenetic effects of childhood stress
Photosynthesis and quantum mechanics
E. coli infection mechanisms
Lipid metabolism
Anomalocaris
Apoptosis and lncRNA
Protein folding
Cytosine and epigenetic DNA modifications
Helicobacter pylori survival strategy
Immune system response to trauma
MCHR1 and control of appetite by neuron cilia
Speciation
Salmonella evasion of immune system
Telomerase
Induced pluripotent stem cells
Mitochondria and sexual dimorphism
Origins of mitochondria
Protein sulfenylation

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Synesthesia in chimpanzees
Brain-imaging studies
Autism
Perception of motion
Distinctive developmental gene regulation in human brains
Surprise and learning
Developmental neurobiology
Development of neuropeptide Y receptors
Brain modeling
Maintenance of attention focus
BDNF and synaptic plasticity
3D visual perception
Optical illusions
Evolutionary limits on intelligence
Memorization and hippocampus size
Empathy in rats
Enhancement of visual learning with neurofeedback
Interaction among senses
PKR, γ-interferon, and memory
Stress and eating behavior
Emotional learning
Animal cognition
Oxytocin
SIRT1 and anxiety

Health and medicine

Malaria
Cancer biology
Oxidative stress and aging
Cardiovascular disease
Dementia
Cancer
Diabetes
Stem cells
Obesity
Multiple sclerosis
AIDS
Tuberculosis
Inflammatory bowel disease
Universal influenza vaccine
Alzheimer's disease
Hepatitis C
Weight-loss diet
Gene therapy



Physical sciences


Supermassive black holes

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Record massive black holes discovered lurking in monster galaxies - also here
  2. December 5, 2011 - Largest black holes ever measured found in "nearby" galaxies
  3. December 5, 2011 - Two record-breaking black holes found nearby
  4. December 5, 2011 - Most massive black holes ever found could be relics of the brightest quasars
  5. December 5, 2011 - Pair of Black Holes 'Weigh In' at 10 Billion Suns, the Most Massive Yet
  6. December 5, 2011 - Record-breaking black holes discovered
  7. December 5, 2011 - Record-breaking black holes fill a cosmic gap - also here
  8. December 5, 2011 - Two biggest black holes ever found
  9. December 5, 2011 - Scientists find monster black holes, biggest yet - also here, here
  10. December 5, 2011 - Astronomers Find Biggest Black Holes Yet
  11. December 5, 2011 - Astrophysicists find biggest black holes yet
  12. December 5, 2011 - Monster Black Holes Are Most Massive Ever Discovered
  13. December 5, 2011 - Researchers Discover Monstrous Supermassive Black Holes
  14. December 5, 2011 - Astronomers discover biggest black holes ever
  15. December 5, 2011 - Supermassive black holes are largest ever discovered
  16. December 5, 2011 - Two Behemoth Black Holes, the Largest Ever Discovered, Could Swallow Billions of Suns
  17. December 5, 2011 - Team sees biggest black holes yet
  18. December 6, 2011 - Supermassive Black Holes are even more super, maybe deserve a -duper
  19. December 6, 2011 - Team led by Taiwanese astronomer discovers largest black holes
  20. December 6, 2011 - Cal astronomers report finding largest black holes
  21. December 7, 2011 - Super Black Holes: New Records, If Real
  22. December 7, 2011 - Supermassive black holes smash all the records
  23. December 8, 2011 - Largest black hole discovery reported
Technical papers:
  1. Two ten-billion-solar-mass black holes at the centres of giant elliptical galaxies
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - NASA's Kepler Confirms Its First Planet In Habitable Zone - also here, here, here
  2. December 5, 2011 - Potentially Habitable Planet Is Christmas Present for Kepler Astronomers - also here
  3. December 5, 2011 - Kepler scores potentially habitable planet
  4. December 5, 2011 - Sun-like star hosts Kepler's first confirmed habitable zone planet
  5. December 5, 2011 - Distant world looks ripe for life
  6. December 5, 2011 - Giant super-earths made of diamond are possible
  7. December 5, 2011 - The Habitable Exoplanets Catalog, a new online database of habitable worlds
  8. December 5, 2011 - NASA Telescope Confirms Alien Planet in Habitable Zone
  9. December 5, 2011 - Some Alien Planets Could Be Made of Diamonds, Study Finds
  10. December 5, 2011 - Nearly All Kepler Potential Planets May Be the Real Deal
  11. December 5, 2011 - Kepler Finds a Possibly Habitable World
  12. December 5, 2011 - Kepler finds planet in the habitable zone
  13. December 5, 2011 - Newest alien planet is just the right temperature for life
  14. December 5, 2011 - Planet in sweet spot of Goldilocks zone for life
  15. December 6, 2011 - NASA Telescope Likely to Find Many More Alien Planets
  16. December 6, 2011 - Distant world looks too ripe for life
  17. December 6, 2011 - Finding Kepler's unwanted Jupiters
  18. December 6, 2011 - Earth's twin confirmed in 'habitable zone' of Sun-like star
  19. December 6, 2011 - Earth-like planet orbiting Sun-like star
  20. December 6, 2011 - Planet found orbiting habitable zone of sun-like star
  21. December 6, 2011 - Smallest habitable world around sun-like star found
  22. December 6, 2011 - Diamond planets may not be life's best friend
  23. December 7, 2011 - First 'Mini-Earth' May Have Been Spotted
  24. December 8, 2011 - Alien Planet Warps Its Solar System
  25. December 9, 2011 - How to Spot a Moon Around an Exoplanet
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Bees, plants waking up earlier each spring
  2. December 5, 2011 - Scientists confirm Himalayan glacial melting
  3. December 6, 2011 - 2-Degree Global Warming Limit Is Called a 'Prescription for Disaster' - also here
  4. December 6, 2011 - World 'heading for 3.5 C warming': study
  5. December 6, 2011 - Global warming 'not slowing down,' say researchers
  6. December 6, 2011 - French Alpine glaciers in retreat
  7. December 6, 2011 - No, global warming hasn't stopped
  8. December 7, 2011 - Human emissions could stretch around the Earth 63 times
  9. December 8, 2011 - Paleoclimate record points toward potential rapid climate changes
  10. December 8, 2011 - Biodiversity and climate change - from bad to worse
Background


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Early Earth may have been prone to deep freezes: study
  2. December 6, 2011 - Global sea surface temperature data provides new measure of climate sensitivity
  3. December 9, 2011 - Pinot noir grapes reveal 700-year climate record
Background


Rapidly rotating star

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Fastest Rotating Star Found in Neighboring Galaxy
  2. December 5, 2011 - VLT finds fastest rotating star
  3. December 5, 2011 - Fastest Ever Spinning Star Found in Nearby Galaxy
  4. December 6, 2011 - Fastest rotating star lives next door
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Could dark matter not matter?
  2. December 6, 2011 - Still in the dark about dark matter
  3. December 8, 2011 - Latest Fermi studies find no trace of dark matter
  4. December 8, 2011 - Gamma Rays Carry No Trace of Dark Matter
Background


White dwarfs

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - NSV 11749 - born again and grown old
Background


Quantum field theory computations

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - German researchers set world record in one-loop computations
Background, Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Mountains and buried ice on Mars
  2. December 7, 2011 - NASA Rover Spots Unambiguous Evidence for Water on Ancient Mars
  3. December 7, 2011 - NASA Rover Finds Convincing Evidence of Water on Ancient Mars
  4. December 8, 2011 - Opportunity rover spots hydrothermal vein
  5. December 8, 2011 - Opportunity rover finds mineral vein deposited by water
  6. December 8, 2011 - "Bullet-proof" evidence of past water found on Mars
  7. December 9, 2011 - Gypsum deposit on Mars provides definitive evidence of water
  8. December 9, 2011 - New signs of ancient Mars water
Background


Higgs boson

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Higgs rumours fly as meeting approaches
  2. December 7, 2011 - Cern scientist expects 'first glimpse' of Higgs boson
  3. December 8, 2011 - Has the Higgs Been Discovered? Physicists Gear Up for Watershed Announcement
  4. December 8, 2011 - LHC to narrow search for Higgs boson
  5. December 8, 2011 - Atom smasher to narrow search for Higgs boson
  6. December 11, 2011 - CERN set to report probable Higgs sighting this week
Background


SETI

References:
  1. December 6, 2011 - SETI search resumes at allen telescope array, targeting new planets
  2. December 6, 2011 - SETI's Search for Intelligent Alien Life Resumes
Background


Galaxy tails

References:
  1. December 6, 2011 - A tale of tails
  2. December 9, 2011 - Wounded galaxy is crux of cosmic whodunnit
Background


Massive star formation

References:
  1. December 6, 2011 - Massive stars are born as giants - also here
  2. December 6, 2011 - Newborn Massive Stars Dwarf Full-Grown Stellar Giants
Technical papers:
    First firm spectral classification of an early-B pre-main-sequence star: B275 in M 17 - also here
Background


Magnetic field structure of the Milky Way

References:
  1. December 6, 2011 - New all-sky map shows the magnetic fields of the Milky Way with the highest precision
Background


Star formation

References:
  1. December 6, 2011 - Hot cores in dark clouds
Background


String theory cosmology

References:
  1. December 6, 2011 - String-theory calculations describe 'birth of the universe'
  2. December 14, 2011 - String theory researchers simulate big-bang on supercomputer
  3. December 14, 2011 - String Theorists Simulate the Big Bang
  4. December 23, 2011 - A 40-year-old puzzle of superstring theory solved by supercomputer
Background, Background


Stellar spin

References:
  1. December 7, 2011 - Giant Stars Bare Their Whirling Hearts
  2. December 7, 2011 - 'Starquakes' Reveal Hidden Secrets Inside Stars
  3. December 8, 2011 - Astronomers reveal a rapidly spinning core inside old stars
  4. December 8, 2011 - Red giants harbour fast spinning core
  5. December 9, 2011 - Stellar oscillations find red giants in a spin
Technical papers:
  1. Fast core rotation in red-giant stars as revealed by gravity-dominated mixed modes
Background


Vampire binary stars

References:
  1. December 7, 2011 - Blue Vampire Star Caught Sucking Red Giant's Gas
  2. December 7, 2011 - Vampire star reveals its secrets
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. December 7, 2011 - Riding that wave
  2. December 8, 2011 - Western Himalayan region faces big quake risk
  3. December 8, 2011 - Research study shows link between earthquakes and tropical cyclones
  4. December 8, 2011 - Megaquake warning for the high Himalayas
  5. December 9, 2011 - Study links tropical cyclones to earthquakes
Background


Very long baseline interferometry

References:
  1. December 8, 2011 - The birth of a telescope 30 times larger than Earth
  2. December 8, 2011 - Biggest telescope starts observations
Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. December 8, 2011 - Astronomers Find Cosmic 'Dragonfish' Packed with Supermassive Stars
  2. December 9, 2011 - In glowing, swirling dust, new stars are born
Background


Early growth of supermassive black holes

References:
  1. December 9, 2011 - Early Black Holes Grew Big Eating Cold, Fast Food - also here, here, here
  2. December 9, 2011 - Astrophysicists solved a puzzle about how some of the first black holes in the universe became supermassive in such a short time
  3. December 12, 2011 - Mysterious, Massive Black Holes Grew Fast by Gas-Guzzling
  4. January 19, 2012 - Early supermassive black holes could grow it alone
Technical papers:
  1. Cold flows and the first quasars - also here
  2. Terapixel imaging of cosmological simulations - also here
Background, Background


Primordial black holes as dark matter

References:
  1. December 9, 2011 - NASA satellite could reveal if primordial black holes are dark matter
Background, Background


Planet habitability

References:
  1. December 9, 2011 - Tidal locking could render habitable planets inhospitable
Background


Possible superluminal neutrinos

References:
  1. December 9, 2011 - 'Faster-than-light' particles spark science drama
Background



Technology


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Chemists become molecular sculptors, synthesizing tiny, molecular traps
  2. December 7, 2011 - Researchers find best routes to self-assembling 3-D shapes
  3. December 8, 2011 - Molding many-faced particles
  4. December 8, 2011 - NMR used to determine whether gold nanoparticles exhibit 'handedness'
  5. December 8, 2011 - Carving at the nanoscale
  6. December 8, 2011 - Nanoparticle hollowing method promises medical advances
  7. December 8, 2011 - International collaboration reveals magnetization textures in NiPd nanostructures
  8. December 9, 2011 - Nanocrystals go bare: Stripping material's tiny tethers
Background


Advanced electronic technology

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - IBM researchers demonstrate future of computing with graphene, racetrack and carbon nanotube breakthroughs
Background, Background, Background


3D integrated circuits

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - IBM to produce Micron's hybrid memory cube in debut of first commercial, 3D chip-making capability
  2. December 6, 2011 - New 3-D transistors promising future chips, lighter laptops
Background


Molybdenite integrated circuits

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - First molybdenite microchip
  2. December 5, 2011 - Silicon rival MoS2 promises small, low-energy chips
Background


Topological materials

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Researchers find way to observe, control the way electrons spin on the surface of exotic new materials
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Superconducting Qubits Are Getting Serious
  2. December 11, 2011 - Multi-purpose photonic chip paves the way to programmable quantum processors
Background


Lasers

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Making a Laser Shine Longer
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. December 6, 2011 - Graphene spun into metre-long fibres
  2. December 8, 2011 - Functionalized graphene oxide plays part in next-generation oil-well drilling fluids
  3. December 9, 2011 - Researchers enhance graphene to enable multicolor photodetection
  4. December 9, 2011 - New ink prints graphene electronics
Background


Microelectromechanical systems

References:
  1. December 6, 2011 - Research focuses on implementing radio frequency MEMS resonators on a silicon chip
  2. December 8, 2011 - Imec presents a MEMS energy harvester suitable for shock-induced energy harvesting in car tires
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. December 6, 2011 - Printed CNT transistor circuits may lead to cheaper OLED displays
Background


Nanoscale integrated circuits

References:
  1. December 7, 2011 - Researchers develop one of the world's smallest electronic circuits
  2. December 7, 2011 - Voltage increases up to 25 observed in closely packed nanowires
Background, Background


Virtual reality

References:
  1. December 7, 2011 - Iowa State's METaL lab develops multiple ways to experience virtual reality
Background


Bose-Einstein condensates

References:
  1. December 8, 2011 - Atoms dressed with light show new interactions, could reveal way to observe enigmatic particle
Background


Resistive RAM

References:
  1. December 8, 2011 - Imec reports smallest fully-functional HfO2-based Resistive RAM cell
Background


Extreme ultraviolet lithography

References:
  1. December 9, 2011 - UV lithography: Taking extreme measures
Background


Hydrogen production

References:
  1. December 9, 2011 - Making molecular hydrogen more efficiently
Background


Nanowire biosensor

References:
  1. December 9, 2011 - New biosensor is based on a nanowire crystal array
Background, Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. December 9, 2011 - Nanoscale Patterning of Superconductivity
Background



Life sciences


Inheritance via small RNA

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Acquired Traits Can Be Inherited Via Small RNAs - also here
  2. December 7, 2011 - Worms Can Pass a Trait Down for 100 Generations... Without Using DNA
Background


Septins and cellular entrapment of bacteria

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Septin proteins take bacterial prisoners
  2. December 6, 2011 - Cells unleash proteins to cage unwanted invaders
Background


Epigenetic effects of childhood stress

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Orphaned children exhibit genetic changes that require nurturing parents
Background


Photosynthesis and quantum mechanics

References:
  1. December 6, 2011 - More Evidence Found for Quantum Physics in Photosynthesis - also here
  2. December 7, 2011 - Researchers find more evidence of quantum processes at work in photosynthesis
  3. December 8, 2011 - Further Evidence That Photosynthesis Involves Quantum Mechanics
Background


E. coli infection mechanisms

References:
  1. December 6, 2011 - E. coli evade detection by going dormant
  2. December 9, 2011 - New leads on mechanisms that confer virulence to E.coli-type bacteria
Background


Lipid metabolism

References:
  1. December 6, 2011 - With mutation, you can have your cream and eat it, too
Background, Background


Anomalocaris

References:
  1. December 7, 2011 - An eye-opening fossil
  2. December 7, 2011 - 500 million-year-old super predator had remarkable vision
  3. December 7, 2011 - It's got 16,000 eyes on you - the vision of a Cambrian-era predator - also here
  4. December 7, 2011 - Dangling Eyes of Scary Ancient Sea Predator Discovered
  5. December 7, 2011 - First top predator was giant shrimp with amazing eyes
  6. December 8, 2011 - Ancient killer had excellent vision
  7. December 8, 2011 - Cambrian predator had killer eyes
Background


Apoptosis and lncRNA

References:
  1. December 7, 2011 - Long non-coding RNA prevents the death of maturing red blood cells - also here
  2. December 7, 2011 - Non-coding RNAs Halt Cell Death
Background, Background


Protein folding

References:
  1. December 7, 2011 - Evolution reveals missing link between DNA and protein shape
Background


Cytosine and epigenetic DNA modifications

References:
  1. December 7, 2011 - A 'wild card' in your genes
Background, Background


Helicobacter pylori survival strategy

References:
  1. December 7, 2011 - Closing in on an ulcer- and cancer-causing bacterium
Background


Immune system response to trauma

References:
  1. December 7, 2011 - Traumatic injury sets off a 'genomic storm' in immune system pathways
Background


MCHR1 and control of appetite by neuron cilia

References:
  1. December 8, 2011 - Cilia control eating signal
Background, Background


Speciation

References:
  1. December 8, 2011 - Study shows species can change
Background


Salmonella evasion of immune system

References:
  1. December 8, 2011 - How Salmonella forms evil twins to evade the body's defenses
Background


Telomerase

References:
  1. December 8, 2011 - Scientists capture single cancer molecules at work
Background, Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. December 9, 2011 - Pig-induced pluripotent stem cells may be safer than previously thought - also here
  2. December 9, 2011 - Scientists use animal-free reagents to create clinical-grade neurons from skin cells
Background


Mitochondria and sexual dimorphism

References:
  1. December 9, 2011 - Mitochondria and the great gender divide
Background


Origins of mitochondria

References:
  1. December 9, 2011 - Star Wars-inspired bacterium provides glimpse into life
Background


Protein sulfenylation

References:
  1. December 9, 2011 - Scientists elevate little-studied cellular mechanism to potential drug target
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Synesthesia in chimpanzees

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - The chimpanzee who sees sounds - also here
  2. December 5, 2011 - Chimp brains may be hard-wired to evolve language
  3. December 6, 2011 - Chimp study shows evidence of synaesthesia
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - How Abuse Changes a Child's Brain
  2. December 5, 2011 - Maltreated children show same pattern of brain activity as combat soldiers
  3. December 6, 2011 - Abused children's brains work like soldiers' do
  4. December 6, 2011 - Being told painting is fake changes brain's response to art
  5. December 8, 2011 - Depressed? Crossed wires in the brain
Background


Autism

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Autism may involve disordered white matter in the brain
  2. December 5, 2011 - Repetitive behaviors in adults with Autism Spectrum disorders significantly lessen with antidepressant treatment
Background


Perception of motion

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Neuroscientists find greater complexity in how we perceive motion
Background


Distinctive developmental gene regulation in human brains

References:
  1. December 6, 2011 - Brain Evolution at a Distance
  2. December 6, 2011 - Changes in the path of brain development make human brains unique
  3. December 7, 2011 - Human brain evolution traced to gene activity
Background, Background


Surprise and learning

References:
  1. December 6, 2011 - Surprises drive learning in same neural circuits
Background


Developmental neurobiology

References:
  1. December 6, 2011 - Scientists make advances in neuroscience and vision research
  2. December 7, 2011 - Connected Brain Regions Grow Up Together
  3. December 7, 2011 - Long-term imaging reveals intriguing patterns of human brain maturation
Background, Background


Development of neuropeptide Y receptors

References:
  1. December 7, 2011 - Maternal care influences brain chemistry into adulthood
Background


Brain modeling

References:
  1. December 7, 2011 - Scientists create first realistic 3D reconstruction of a brain circuit
Background


Maintenance of attention focus

References:
  1. December 7, 2011 - How our brains keep us focused
Background, Background


BDNF and synaptic plasticity

References:
  1. December 7, 2011 - Drug reverses aging-associated changes in brain cells
Background, Background


3D visual perception

References:
  1. December 7, 2011 - New insights into how the brain reconstructs the third dimension
Background


Optical illusions

References:
  1. December 7, 2011 - Optical illusion reveals reflexes in the brain
Background


Evolutionary limits on intelligence

References:
  1. December 7, 2011 - Why aren't we smarter already? Evolutionary limits on cognition
Background


Memorization and hippocampus size

References:
  1. December 8, 2011 - 'The Knowledge' enlarges your brain
  2. December 8, 2011 - The Brain of a Cabbie
  3. December 8, 2011 - Taxi Drivers' Brains Grow to Navigate London's Streets
  4. December 9, 2011 - Changes in London taxi drivers' brains driven by acquiring 'the Knowledge', study shows - also here
  5. December 9, 2011 - How Driving a Taxi Changes London Cabbies' Brains
  6. December 14, 2011 - Taxi driver training changes brain structure
Background, Background


Empathy in rats

References:
  1. December 8, 2011 - Rats Feel Each Other's Pain
  2. December 8, 2011 - Rats free each other from cages
  3. December 8, 2011 - Rats Free Trapped Friends, Hint at Universal Empathy
  4. December 8, 2011 - Rats show empathy, will come to the aid of other rats
  5. December 8, 2011 - Selfless Rodents Spring Their Pals and Share Their Sweets
  6. December 8, 2011 - Rodents exhibit empathy by setting trapped friends free
  7. December 8, 2011 - Research raises new questions about animal empathy
  8. December 8, 2011 - Helping your fellow rat: Rodents show empathy-driven behavior
  9. December 8, 2011 - Rats free each other from traps, then share chocolate
  10. December 9, 2011 - Study shows rats help pals escape
  11. December 9, 2011 - Social rats trade chocolate for cagemates
Background


Enhancement of visual learning with neurofeedback

References:
  1. December 8, 2011 - Vision Scientists Demonstrate Innovative Learning Method - also here
Background, Background


Interaction among senses

References:
  1. December 8, 2011 - Sound and vision work hand in hand, psychologists report
Background


PKR, γ-interferon, and memory

References:
  1. December 8, 2011 - Neuroscientists boost memory using genetics and a new memory-enhancing drug
Background


Stress and eating behavior

References:
  1. December 8, 2011 - Comfort food may be 'self-medication' for stress, dialing down stress response
  2. December 9, 2011 - Researchers found that stress eating can blunt the body's stress response
Background, Background


Emotional learning

References:
  1. December 8, 2011 - From stimulus to emotion: A role for cortex in emotional learning
Background


Animal cognition

References:
  1. December 9, 2011 - What do animals 'know'? More than you may think
Background


Oxytocin

References:
  1. December 9, 2011 - Oxytocin helps people feel more extraverted
Background


SIRT1 and anxiety

References:
  1. December 9, 2011 - Proteins linked to longevity may be involved in mood control
Background, Background



Health and medicine


Malaria

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - A new map of 'the other' malaria
  2. December 5, 2011 - New map shows malaria strain -- impervious to interventions -- holding steady in Asia, Latin America
  3. December 7, 2011 - Don't Forget About the Other Type of Malaria - It's Getting Worse
  4. December 7, 2011 - Novel drug wipes out deadliest malaria parasite through starvation
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Lessons learned from yeast about human leukemia
  2. December 5, 2011 - Blood protein EPO involved in origin and spread of cancer
  3. December 5, 2011 - Scientists expose important new weak spot in cancer cells
Background


Oxidative stress and aging

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Oxidative stress: Less harmful than suspected?
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Young women may reduce heart disease risk eating fish with omega 3 fatty acids
  2. December 5, 2011 - Eating fish boosts heart health in young women
  3. December 5, 2011 - Sugar is good for a sweet heart: new study
  4. December 6, 2011 - Bile acids may hold clue to treat heart disease
  5. December 6, 2011 - Fish boosts heart health in young women
  6. December 7, 2011 - Study could lead to drug therapies for preventing atherosclerosis
  7. December 8, 2011 - Blood pressure medicines reduce stroke risk in people with prehypertension
  8. December 8, 2011 - New advance announced in reducing 'bad' cholesterol
  9. December 11, 2011 - Protein discovery could switch off cardiovascular disease
Background


Dementia

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Depression increases risk of dementia in patients with Type 2 diabetes
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Neurotransmitter might improve cancer treatment: study
  2. December 5, 2011 - Patient receives first prescription for FDA-approved brain tumor treatment
  3. December 5, 2011 - Tiny genetic variation can predict ovarian cancer outcome
  4. December 6, 2011 - Study faults partial radiation for breast cancer - also here
  5. December 6, 2011 - Mammography screening reduced risk for death from breast cancer by half
  6. December 6, 2011 - Team develops tumor destruction method that also creates immunity
  7. December 6, 2011 - Chemotherapy reduces breast cancer deaths by a third
  8. December 7, 2011 - Unique genetic marker may improve detection of recurrent ovarian cancer
  9. December 7, 2011 - Oral bisphosphonate did not improve prognosis for patients with breast cancer
  10. December 7, 2011 - Clodronate appeared safe, modestly affected breast cancer disease events
  11. December 7, 2011 - Many chemicals unproven to raise breast cancer risk
  12. December 7, 2011 - Report: We control many breast cancer risk factors - also here
  13. December 7, 2011 - FDA panel backs Pfizer drug for kidney cancer - also here
  14. December 7, 2011 - FDA panel backs Pfizer's drug for kidney cancer
  15. December 7, 2011 - Researchers find drug duo kills chemotherapy-resistant ovarian cancer cells
  16. December 7, 2011 - Nipping metastases in the bud: A novel strategy for fighting cancer targets secondary tumors
  17. December 7, 2011 - Immediate bisphosphonate use with endocrine therapy increased survival in postmenopausal early breast cancer
  18. December 7, 2011 - Novel approach to treating breast cancer shows great promise
  19. December 7, 2011 - Zoledronic acid shows long-term benefit in survivorship for premenopausal ER-positive breast cancer
  20. December 7, 2011 - Anti-estrogen combo better than single drug for hormone-sensitive breast cancer
  21. December 7, 2011 - Researchers to publish paper in Molecular Cancer journal
  22. December 7, 2011 - Cigarettes, diet, alcohol and obesity behind more than 100,000 cancers
  23. December 7, 2011 - New test predicts risk for recurrence for patients with DCIS
  24. December 7, 2011 - Study finds side effects, complications, mastectomy more likely after partial breast irradiation
  25. December 7, 2011 - Diabetes and obesity increase risk for breast cancer development
  26. December 7, 2011 - Researchers discover patterns of genes associated with timing of breast cancer recurrences
  27. December 7, 2011 - Scientific Panel Finds Few Clear Environmental Links to Breast Cancer
  28. December 7, 2011 - Report: We control many breast cancer risk factors
  29. December 7, 2011 - Drug combo boosts breast cancer survival: study
  30. December 8, 2011 - Experimental breast-cancer drugs show promise
  31. December 8, 2011 - Researchers find smoking is strongly associated with squamous cell carcinoma among women
  32. December 8, 2011 - Breaking oncogene's hold on cancer cell provides new treatment direction
  33. December 8, 2011 - Risk for developing new cancer in other breast increased for survivors with BRCA mutation
  34. December 8, 2011 - Panel endorses active monitoring and delay of treatment for low-risk prostate cancer
  35. December 8, 2011 - PSA testing, combined with other relevant patient data can reduce unnecessary prostate biopsies
  36. December 8, 2011 - Danish mushroom inspires cancer researchers
  37. December 8, 2011 - First genome sequencing clinical trial for triple negative cancer points to new treatments
  38. December 8, 2011 - New imaging agent has an appetite for dangerous prostate tumors
  39. December 8, 2011 - MRI may be noninvasive method to measure breast cancer prognosis
  40. December 8, 2011 - Obese patients with HER2-positive breast cancer may have worse outcomes
  41. December 8, 2011 - Drug combination highly effective for newly diagnosed myeloma patients, study finds
  42. December 8, 2011 - Big promise is seen in 2 new breast cancer drugs - also here, here
  43. December 8, 2011 - Combination of everolimus and exemestane improves survival for women with metastatic breast cancer
  44. December 8, 2011 - Obesity linked to worse outcomes in early breast cancer treatment
  45. December 8, 2011 - Addition of bevacizumab to conventional therapy improved progression-free survival in HER2-positive breast cancer
  46. December 8, 2011 - Contralateral prophylactic mastectomy offers limited gains for breast cancer patients
  47. December 8, 2011 - Dual HER2 blockade significantly extends progression-free survival
  48. December 8, 2011 - Bowel Cancer Screening Programme announces first results
  49. December 9, 2011 - Loss of RB in triple negative breast cancer associated with favorable clinical outcome
  50. December 9, 2011 - Researchers identify a novel therapeutic approach for liver cancer
  51. December 9, 2011 - Suppression of protein critical to cell division stops cancer cells from dividing, kills them
  52. December 9, 2011 - Circulating tumor cells not linked to survival in newly diagnosed inflammatory breast cancer
  53. December 9, 2011 - Scientists discover how to beat resistance to standard leukaemia drug
  54. December 9, 2011 - Turning the spotlight on drug-resistant tumors
  55. December 9, 2011 - New study supports claim that breast screening may be causing more harm than good
  56. December 9, 2011 - Study: Bone drug boosts breast cancer survival - also here
  57. December 9, 2011 - Proteins do not predict outcome of herceptin treatment in HER2-positive breast cancer
  58. December 9, 2011 - Starch intake may influence risk for breast cancer recurrence
  59. December 9, 2011 - Gene inheritance patterns influence age of diagnosis in BRCA families
  60. December 11, 2011 - Tranylcypromine antidepressant shows promise as cancer treatment
  61. December 13, 2011 - The age at which BRCA carriers are diagnosed with breast cancer may depend on which parent contributed the mutation
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. December 5, 2011 - Low vitamin D levels may contribute to development of Type 2 diabetes
  2. December 6, 2011 - Rotating night shift work linked to increased risk of Type 2 diabetes in women
  3. December 6, 2011 - Researchers test a drug-exercise program designed to prevent type 2 diabetes
  4. December 9, 2011 - Just one minute of exercise a day could prevent diabetes researchers find
  5. December 11, 2011 - A new approach to treating type I diabetes? Gut cells transformed into insulin factories
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. December 6, 2011 - Stem cells that are pure enough for the clinic
  2. December 7, 2011 - Cellular automaton model predicts how hair follicle stem cells regenerate
  3. December 7, 2011 - Neuroscientists find genetic trigger that makes stem cells differentiate in nose epithelia
  4. December 9, 2011 - Study unlocks origins of blood stem cells
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. December 6, 2011 - Is obesity a ciliopathy, triggered by malfunctioning primary cilia?
  2. December 7, 2011 - Evidence shows how childhood obesity can be prevented
  3. December 8, 2011 - Extra weight loss from dietary fibers extracted from seaweed
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. December 6, 2011 - Study shows promising multiple sclerosis treatment targets immune cells to increase neuroprotection
  2. December 7, 2011 - Multiple sclerosis often starts in brain's outer layers: study
  3. December 9, 2011 - Rare gene variant implicates vitamin D in cause of multiple sclerosis
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. December 7, 2011 - When prophecy fails: How to better predict success in HIV prevention clinical trials
  2. December 8, 2011 - HIV discovery could allow scientists to block virus's entry into cell nucleus
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. December 8, 2011 - US urges shorter treatment for TB
  2. December 9, 2011 - Vanderbilt study leads to simpler therapy for treating latent tuberculosis
  3. December 9, 2011 - Discordance among commercially-available diagnostics for latent TB infection
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. December 8, 2011 - Personalized treatment for Crohn's Disease a step closer following gene mapping
Background


Universal influenza vaccine

References:
  1. December 8, 2011 - Promising results in mice on needle-free candidate universal vaccine against various flu viruses
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. December 9, 2011 - Researchers design Alzheimer's antibodies
  2. December 9, 2011 - Alzheimer's vaccine cures memory of mice
  3. December 9, 2011 - Characterizing a toxic offender
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. December 9, 2011 - Boceprevir: Indication of added benefit for specific patients
Background


Weight-loss diet

References:
  1. December 9, 2011 - Intermittent, low-carbohydrate diets more successful than standard dieting
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. December 8, 2011 - Treatment for Blood Disease Is Gene Therapy Landmark
  2. December 12, 2011 - Gene therapy success for haemophilia
  3. December 12, 2011 - Four Hemophiliac Patients Successfully Treated with Gene Therapy
  4. December 13, 2011 - Gene therapy helps counter hemophilia B
  5. December 13, 2011 - Gene therapy helps patients with hemophilia B
Background


Copyright © 2011 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved