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Volume 10, Number 31
August 1, 2011


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Ring galaxies
Higgs boson
Water on Mars
Antimatter
Top quark asymmetry
Extrasolar planets
Supersymmetry
Large Hadron Collider
Baryon acoustic oscillations and the Hubble constant
Noncontextuality in quantum theory
Dark energy
Black hole merger in the Milky Way
Solar corona
Active galactic nuclei
Aerosols
Gas accretion by supermassive black holes
Star-forming regions
Sea level rise
Solar prominences
Quark-gluon plasma
Quantum decoherence
Global warming
Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array
Formation of Earth's crust

Technology

Quantum cryptography
Metamaterials
Multiferroics
Superconductivity
Nanotechnology
Quantum communications
Carbon nanotubes
Lab-on-a-chip
Graphene
Coherent perfect absorbers
Topological memory for quantum information storage
Brain-computer interface
Quantum computing
Supercomputer grids
Quantum effects in mechanical systems

Life sciences

Human brain aging
Human genetic differences
Peroxisomes
Regulatory T cells
Mitochondria
Induced pluripotent stem cells
MKP-1 and immune response
G protein coupled receptors
Evolutionary developmental systems drift
Neanderthals
Cell reprogramming
Reversion of stem cell development

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Autism
Gestalt perception and aging
Generosity and cooperation
Sleep and memory
Brain-imaging studies
Dopaminergic nicotine receptors
C-AMP signaling and age-related memory decline
Fat consumption and mood
Schizophrenia
Brain connectome
Interneurons during fetal development
Estradiol as a neurotransmitter
Category learning

Health and medicine

Cardiovascular disease
Alzheimer's disease
Cancer
Malaria
Obesity
Exericse and brain health
Nanobiotechnology
Cancer biology
Testosterone and inflammation
Tuberculosis
Diabetes
Stem cells
Influenza antibody
Antibiotic resistance
Avian flu
Hepatitis C
Parkinson's disease
AIDS
Telomere length and cancer



Physical sciences


Ring galaxies

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Cosmic bullseye: Auriga's wheel
Background


Higgs boson

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Physicists closing in on Higgs boson
  2. July 25, 2011 - Hint of Higgs Boson?
  3. July 25, 2011 - Mystery "creation" particle evades scientists: CERN
  4. July 26, 2011 - Physicists excited by hints of Higgs boson existence
  5. July 27, 2011 - HEP-2011: Higgs hunting at 144GeV
  6. July 27, 2011 - Tevatron experiments close in on Higgs particle
  7. July 27, 2011 - U.S. team sets end-September target in Higgs chase
  8. August 1, 2011 - Particle Accelerators Full of Spin and Fury, Signifying Something
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Evidence Builds For Water on Mars
  2. July 26, 2011 - Martian Water vs. The Volcanoes - also here
Background


Antimatter

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - New laser technique makes cold positronium
  2. July 27, 2011 - Antiprotons pass latest symmetry test
  3. July 28, 2011 - Fundamental matter-antimatter symmetry confirmed
  4. July 28, 2011 - Physicists Weigh Antimatter with Amazing Accuracy
  5. July 28, 2011 - Antiproton mass measured with unprecedented precision
Background


Top quark asymmetry

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - DZero announces top quark asymmetry result, questions theory
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Hubble haze study of nearby exoplanet released
  2. July 27, 2011 - Kepler's Dilemma: Not Enough Time
Background


Supersymmetry

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Should we worry about what the LHC is not finding?
  2. July 26, 2011 - More than one way to search for SUSY
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. July 26, 2011 - No new physics - yet
Background


Baryon acoustic oscillations and the Hubble constant

References:
  1. July 26, 2011 - A new way to measure the expansion of the universe
  2. July 29, 2011 - Astronomers size up the universe
Background


Noncontextuality in quantum theory

References:
  1. July 26, 2011 - Don't have all the information? In the quantum world, that doesn't matter
Background


Dark energy

References:
  1. July 26, 2011 - Microwave study bursts Hubble bubble
Background


Black hole merger in the Milky Way

References:
  1. July 27, 2011 - Black Hole Collision May Have Set Off Fireworks in the Milky Way
Background, Background


Solar corona

References:
  1. July 27, 2011 - Huge Magnetic Waves Could Unravel a Solar Mystery
  2. July 27, 2011 - Magnetic waves bake the sun's corona
  3. July 27, 2011 - Wave power can drive Sun's intense heat
  4. July 27, 2011 - Sun's Magnetic Waves Show Surprising Heating Power
  5. July 28, 2011 - Elusive Sun waves come into focus
  6. July 29, 2011 - Powerful Magnetic Waves Help Make Sun's Atmosphere Hotter Than Sun Itself
  7. August 1, 2011 - Wave power key to Sun's hot corona
Background


Active galactic nuclei

References:
  1. July 27, 2011 - Supermassive Black Hole Sucks In Hot Gas
Background


Aerosols

References:
  1. July 27, 2011 - Connecting the dots on aerosol details
Background


Gas accretion by supermassive black holes

References:
  1. July 27, 2011 - Hot gas whirls into a supermassive black hole
  2. July 28, 2011 - Chandra X-ray Telescope images gas flowing toward black hole - also here
  3. July 28, 2011 - Giant Black Hole Caught Gobbling Gas on Camera
  4. August 1, 2011 - Hot gas heads for black hole
Background, Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. July 28, 2011 - Orion Reflection
Background


Sea level rise

References:
  1. July 28, 2011 - Sea level rise less from Greenland, more from Antarctica, than expected during last interglacial
Background, Background


Solar prominences

References:
  1. July 28, 2011 - Massive Sun 'Twister' Swirls Up 12 Earths High
Background


Quark-gluon plasma

References:
  1. July 28, 2011 - Bringing nuclei together breaks quarks apart
Background


Quantum decoherence

References:
  1. July 28, 2011 - The quantum side of detectors
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. July 28, 2011 - Huge Arctic fire hints at new climate cue
  2. July 28, 2011 - Arctic tundra fires set to increase
  3. July 29, 2011 - Russia may lose 30% of permafrost by 2050 - also here
  4. July 31, 2011 - Antarctica rising as ice caps melt
Background


Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array

References:
  1. July 28, 2011 - World's largest radio telescope gears up in Chile - also here
  2. July 29, 2011 - Atacama's ALMA prepares to study the Universe
  3. August 1, 2011 - European ALMA antenna brings total on Chajnantor to 16
Background


Formation of Earth's crust

References:
  1. July 29, 2011 - Visualizing the flow of molten rock through seabed mantle
Background



Technology


Quantum cryptography

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Physicists offer countermeasure to new quantum eavesdropping attack
  2. August 2, 2011 - Stealing quantum keys the easy way
Background


Metamaterials

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Wake cloaking simulated in lab - objects move through water without leaving a trace
  2. July 27, 2011 - New invisibility cloak hides objects from human view
  3. July 28, 2011 - The Big Crunch: Physicists Make Time End
  4. July 29, 2011 - Metamaterials used to mimic the Big Crunch
  5. July 29, 2011 - 'Fluid cloak' to help submarines leave no wake
Background


Multiferroics

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Rare coupling of magnetic and electric properties in a single material
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Magnetoelastic coupling in iron superconductors
  2. July 25, 2011 - Superconductivity and magnetism living apart together?
  3. July 29, 2011 - Physicists report progress in understanding high-temperature superconductors
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Nano knitting
Background


Quantum communications

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - A long-distance quantum repeater gets one step closer
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. July 26, 2011 - Grafting olfactory receptors onto nanotubes
Background


Lab-on-a-chip

References:
  1. July 26, 2011 - Researchers create more powerful 'lab-on-a-chip' for genetic analysis
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. July 26, 2011 - Physicists get close-up view of graphene
  2. July 27, 2011 - Graphene nanocomposite a bridge to better batteries
Background


Coherent perfect absorbers

References:
  1. July 27, 2011 - Anti-lasers spawn other anti-optical devices
Background


Topological memory for quantum information storage

References:
  1. July 27, 2011 - Storing quantum information permanently
Background


Brain-computer interface

References:
  1. July 27, 2011 - Brain cap technology turns thought into motion
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. July 27, 2011 - Large scale qubit generation for quantum computing
Background


Supercomputer grids

References:
  1. July 27, 2011 - Colleges Join Plan for Faster Computer Networks
  2. July 28, 2011 - NSF launches new cyberinfrastructure project to succeed TeraGrid - also here
Background


Quantum effects in mechanical systems

References:
  1. July 28, 2011 - A classical oscillator takes the sideband route to the quantum ground state
Background



Life sciences


Human brain aging

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - The Incredible Shrinking Human Brain
  2. July 25, 2011 - Shrinking Brains May Be Cost of Long Life
  3. July 25, 2011 - Chimp brains don't shrink
  4. July 25, 2011 - Chimp Brains Don't Shrink with Age
  5. July 25, 2011 - Brain differences between humans and chimpanzees linked to aging
  6. July 25, 2011 - Aging Brains Are Different in Humans and Chimpanzees
  7. July 26, 2011 - Brain Shrinkage: It's Only Human
  8. July 26, 2011 - Human Brains Shrink As They Age, Perhaps From the Weight of Years
  9. July 26, 2011 - Age-related brain shrinking is unique to humans
Background, Background


Human genetic differences

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Researchers develop new strategy to uncover structural variations of human genomes
  2. July 29, 2011 - Your Genome Structure, Not Genetic Mutations, Makes You Different
Background


Peroxisomes

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Scientists find new components for protein transport
Background


Regulatory T cells

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Specialized regulatory T cell stifles antibody production centers
Background


Mitochondria

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Mitochondria share an ancestor with SAR11, a globally significant marine microbe
Background, Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. July 26, 2011 - Researchers create reprogrammed stem cells for disease studies
  2. July 28, 2011 - Mitochondrial genome mutates when reprogrammed
Background


MKP-1 and immune response

References:
  1. July 26, 2011 - Signaling molecule identified as essential for maintaining a balanced immune response
Background


G protein coupled receptors

References:
  1. July 26, 2011 - Common drugs initiate a molecular pas de quatre at the surface of the cell membrane
Background


Evolutionary developmental systems drift

References:
  1. July 26, 2011 - How the modular structure of proteins permits evolution to move forward
Background, Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. July 28, 2011 - Modern Humans 10, Neandertals 1
  2. July 28, 2011 - Strength in numbers - also here
  3. July 28, 2011 - Study: Neanderthals out-numbered, out-cultured by humans
  4. July 28, 2011 - Industrial revolution sealed Neanderthals' fate
  5. July 29, 2011 - Neanderthals were outnumbered by the first modern humans - also here
  6. July 29, 2011 - Modern humans crowded out Europe's Neanderthals - also here, here
  7. July 29, 2011 - Humans crowded out Europe's Neanderthals
Background


Cell reprogramming

References:
  1. July 28, 2011 - Gladstone scientist converts human skin cells into functional brain cells
  2. July 28, 2011 - Regenerative Medicine - Scientist Converts Human Skin Cells Into Functional Brain Cells
Background


Reversion of stem cell development

References:
  1. July 31, 2011 - Stem Cells Hit Reverse
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Autism

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Weak synchronization in toddler brains may be a biological marker for autism
  2. July 27, 2011 - Experimental Autism Spectrum Drug Improves Symptoms
Background


Gestalt perception and aging

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Older people find it harder to see the wood for the trees
Background


Generosity and cooperation

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Study: Generosity emerges from evolution of cooperation
Background, Background


Sleep and memory

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Memory requires uninterrupted z's
  2. July 25, 2011 - Interrupted sleep impairs memory in mice
  3. July 26, 2011 - Fragmented sleep may impair memory, learning
  4. July 28, 2011 - Interrupted sleep takes toll on memory formation, study says
Background, Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. July 26, 2011 - Brain 'hears' voices when reading direct speech
Background


Dopaminergic nicotine receptors

References:
  1. July 26, 2011 - Eliminating protein in specific brain cells blocks nicotine reward
Background


C-AMP signaling and age-related memory decline

References:
  1. July 27, 2011 - Forgetful? The Key May Be to Turn Brain Cells 'Young' Again
  2. July 27, 2011 - Memory decline reversed in tests on monkeys
  3. July 27, 2011 - Age-Related Memory Loss Reversed in Monkeys
  4. July 27, 2011 - Study: Blood Pressure Drug May Treat Senior Moments
  5. July 27, 2011 - Researchers show how memory is lost -- and found
  6. July 28, 2011 - Drug Could Make Aging Brains More Youthful?
  7. July 28, 2011 - Memory fails to fire in ageing monkeys
  8. July 29, 2011 - Memory loss 'reversed in monkeys'
  9. July 29, 2011 - Drug for hyperactivity may help reverse memory decline in ageing brains
  10. August 2, 2011 - Guanfacine: A possible drug to improve memory in old age
Background, Background


Fat consumption and mood

References:
  1. July 27, 2011 - Fatty foods really are mood enhancers
  2. August 3, 2011 - Comfort eating helps stave off blues
Background, Background, Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. July 27, 2011 - Schizophrenia dulls brain's reward centre
  2. July 29, 2011 - Research seeks to improve Schizophrenia treatment
Background


Brain connectome

References:
  1. July 28, 2011 - The brain's connectome -- from branch to branch
  2. July 29, 2011 - Mapping the most complex object in the known universe
Background


Interneurons during fetal development

References:
  1. July 28, 2011 - Researchers trace early journey of modulating cells in brain
Background


Estradiol as a neurotransmitter

References:
  1. July 28, 2011 - Neuroscientists discover new estrogen activity in the brain
  2. August 2, 2011 - Estrogen's New Role
Background


Category learning

References:
  1. July 28, 2011 - How the brain assigns objects to categories
Background



Health and medicine


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Researchers identify drug target for atherosclerosis
  2. July 25, 2011 - Predictors of dying suddenly versus surviving heart attack identified
  3. July 25, 2011 - Test measuring blood glucose control may help predict risk of CVD events in patients with diabetes
  4. July 26, 2011 - Genes play greater role in heart attacks than stroke: study
  5. July 28, 2011 - A heart-rate-reducing medication reduces the risk of heart failure and cardiac fibrosis
  6. July 28, 2011 - Fructose consumption increases risk factors for heart disease
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Hard fight ahead: Experts hope for rapid progress against Alzheimer's
  2. July 28, 2011 - In the pursuit of dangerous clumps
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Survival of stage IV breast cancer patients improves with stem cell treatment, study finds
  2. July 25, 2011 - Study finds no link between statins and cancer risk
  3. July 25, 2011 - Scientists discover new pathway to potential therapies for advanced prostate cancer
  4. July 25, 2011 - Study examines screening for pancreatic cancer in high-risk populations
  5. July 26, 2011 - Mechanism of action behind novel cancer agents targeting tumor cell metabolism discovered
  6. July 26, 2011 - Targeting PTEN may prevent skin cancer
  7. July 26, 2011 - New therapy for HER2-positive breast cancer developed
  8. July 26, 2011 - Genetic link to Barrett's esophagus, esophageal cancer discovered
  9. July 26, 2011 - 'Hidden' cancer cells not a factor in early-stage breast cancer survival rates
  10. July 27, 2011 - Breast density tied to specific types of breast cancer
  11. July 27, 2011 - Popular mammography tool not effective for finding invasive breast cancer
  12. July 27, 2011 - Researchers discover how some breast cancers alter their sensitivity to estrogen
  13. July 27, 2011 - Bowel cancer risk doubles for men
  14. July 28, 2011 - Using a 'systems biology' approach to look under the hood of an aggressive form of breast cancer
  15. July 28, 2011 - Convergence in head and neck cancer
  16. July 28, 2011 - Researchers look to dogs to better understand intricacies of bone cancer
  17. July 28, 2011 - Lawson researchers take control of cancer
  18. July 28, 2011 - New genetic mutations found for non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  19. July 28, 2011 - Growing up on livestock farm linked to increased risk of blood cancers
  20. July 29, 2011 - New protein structure model to inhibit cancer
  21. July 29, 2011 - Drug's lasting benefits sees breast cancer deaths down by third
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - A new target to inhibit malaria and toxoplasmosis infection
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Culprits and cures for obesity may reside in our gut
  2. July 26, 2011 - Treating obesity via brain glucose sensing
Background


Exericse and brain health

References:
  1. July 25, 2011 - Exercise has numerous beneficial effects on brain health and cognition, review suggests
Background, Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. July 26, 2011 - Scientists Design Nano-sized Drug Transporter to Fight Disease - also here
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. July 26, 2011 - Sea squirt cells shed light on cancer development
  2. July 26, 2011 - High-throughput screen finds compounds that regulate cancer cell invasion
  3. July 31, 2011 - DNA switches tied to non-Hodgkin lymphoma
Background


Testosterone and inflammation

References:
  1. July 26, 2011 - How testosterone protects against inflammation
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. July 26, 2011 - New TB drug-resistance test shows promise but needs investment for those diagnosed to be cured
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. July 26, 2011 - Concern over intensive treatment for patients with type 2 diabetes
  2. July 28, 2011 - Increased muscle mass may lower risk of pre-diabetes
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. July 27, 2011 - Signal explains why site of origin affects fate of postnatal neural stem cells
  2. July 29, 2011 - Insect virus holds the key to safer stem cell therapy
Background


Influenza antibody

References:
  1. July 28, 2011 - One antibody to bind them all
  2. July 28, 2011 - Humabs discovers the first antibody to neutralize both group 1 and group 2 influenza A viruses
  3. July 28, 2011 - An antibody that binds 16 different flu viruses offers hope for the long-sought universal vaccine.
  4. July 28, 2011 - Flu "super antibody" may bring universal shot closer
  5. August 1, 2011 - First all-inclusive influenza A antibody discovered
Background, Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. July 28, 2011 - Bacterial resistance to antibiotics: The more they resist, the more they divide
  2. July 28, 2011 - Fighting Resistance Could Be Trickier Than Thought
  3. July 29, 2011 - Superbugs may be here to stay
  4. August 1, 2011 - Some Superbugs Are Even More Super Than We Thought
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. July 28, 2011 - Oral interferon may prevent and control avian influenza virus infection
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. July 28, 2011 - New vaccine for hepatitis C virus
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. July 29, 2011 - REM sleep behavior disorder is a risk factor for Parkinson's disease
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. July 29, 2011 - Increasing the potency of HIV-battling proteins
  2. July 30, 2011 - Bacterial bioshield could keep HIV at bay
Background


Telomere length and cancer

References:
  1. July 29, 2011 - Progressive telomere shortening characterizes familial breast cancer patients
Background, Background


Copyright © 2011 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved