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Volume 10, Number 24
June 13, 2011


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Global warming
Solar flares
Accretion disks in active galactic nuclei
Extrasolar planets
Climate models
Supernova in M51
Fractional quantum Hall effect
Dark matter
Solar corona
Radio astronomy
Wolf-Rayet binary
Antimatter
Proton spin
Ultraluminous supernovae
Supernova 1987a
Measurement of quantum wave function
VLT Survey Telescope
James Webb Space Telescope
Gravitational waves
Prebiotic organic matter in meteorites
Superfluids
Tests of general relativity
Galaxy clusters
Possible non-standard model physics
Binary active galactic nuclei
Galaxy size and star size

Technology

Graphene
Biological circuit components
Plasmonic laser sources
Nanotechnology
Quantum metrology
Photovoltaics
Graphene metamaterials
Phase-change memory
Supercomputing
Graphene-based integrated circuits
Hydrogen production
Superconductivity
Plasmonics
Biological lasers

Life sciences

Homo erectus
BK channel gating ring apparatus
Neoproterozoic era eukaryotes and biomineralization
Protein folding
MicroRNA, insulin resistance, and obesity
Cilia
Reactive oxygen species, TOR signaling, and aging
Transdifferentiation of dopaminergic neurons from fibroblasts
Perforin and cytotoxic lymphocytes
Enterohaemorrhagic E. coli
Rate of genetic mutations in humans

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Attention and awareness
Foraging decision-making
Brain-imaging studies
Superstitious belief
Child behavior and genetics
Value-driven attentional capture
Autism
Learning attention cues
Synaptophysin and synaptic vesicles
Nicotine and appetite
Avian use of tools
Fragile X protein, microRNA, and gene expression in neurons
Insightful reasoning by chimpanzees
Consciousness
Brain simulation

Health and medicine

Stem cells and cancer
MicroRNA and cancer
Alzheimer's disease
High-fat diet, insulin signaling, and obesity
Brown fat, obesity, and diabetes
Gene therapy
Cancer
Nanobiotechnology
Cardiovascular disease
Stem cells
Influenza vaccine
Nerve regeneration
Malaria
Repair of heart tissue
Hepatitis C
Cancer biology



Physical sciences


Global warming

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - Mount Rainier Has Lost One-Seventh of Its Ice and Snow
  2. June 6, 2011 - Stanford climate scientists forecast permanently hotter summers
  3. June 9, 2011 - Snowpack declines in Rockies unusual compared to past
  4. June 10, 2011 - Thinning Snows In Rockies Tied To Global Warming
  5. June 10, 2011 - Say goodbye to cool summers: climate study
Background


Solar flares

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - Fighting Forces
  2. June 7, 2011 - Coronal Rain Shower Caught on Sun
  3. June 7, 2011 - NASA sees the sun having a solar blast
  4. June 7, 2011 - 'Dramatic' solar flare could disrupt Earth communications
  5. June 7, 2011 - Sun Unleashes 'Spectacular' & Powerful Eruption
  6. June 7, 2011 - The Sun lets loose a HUGE explosion
  7. June 8, 2011 - Solar Flare Sparks Biggest Eruption Ever Seen on Sun
  8. June 8, 2011 - Solar flare may disrupt Earth communications
  9. June 8, 2011 - Sun uncorks a massive solar blast
  10. June 8, 2011 - Solar flare erupts, creating spectacular images - also here
  11. June 9, 2011 - Gargantuan Sun Explosion Rocks Astronomers
  12. June 10, 2011 - Biggest Solar Eruption?
  13. June 10, 2011 - Small sun-watcher Proba-2 offers detailed view of massive solar eruption
Background


Accretion disks in active galactic nuclei

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - Astrophysicists use X-ray fingerprints to study eating habits of giant black holes
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - Study shows proportionally large moons around other planets not as rare as thought
  2. June 6, 2011 - Super-Earth resides in habitable zone
  3. June 7, 2011 - A planet going the wrong way
  4. June 9, 2011 - Many Exo-Earths May Have Exo-Moons
Background


Climate models

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - How important are climate models for revealing the causes of environmental change?
Background


Supernova in M51

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - Supernova flares in M51
Background


Fractional quantum Hall effect

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - Fractional quantum Hall effect without Landau levels
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. June 7, 2011 - New data still have scientists in dark over dark matter - also here
  2. June 7, 2011 - WIMPs Result Sheds Some Light On Dark Matter?
  3. June 8, 2011 - Possible Sighting of Dark Matter Lights Up Physics Community
  4. June 9, 2011 - Dark matter signal to be tested within months
  5. June 15, 2011 - CoGeNT findings support dark-matter halo theory
Background


Solar corona

References:
  1. June 7, 2011 - Solar Dynamics Observatory catches 'surfer' waves on the Sun
Background


Radio astronomy

References:
  1. June 7, 2011 - LOFAR images never before seen radio sources
  2. June 8, 2011 - The World's Biggest Radio Telescope Will Crunch Data on Your PC
Background


Wolf-Rayet binary

References:
  1. June 7, 2011 - Wolf-Rayet binary a dust-forming factory
Background


Antimatter

References:
  1. June 7, 2011 - Future is bright for CERN antimatter physicists
Background


Proton spin

References:
  1. June 7, 2011 - The case of the missing proton spin
Background


Ultraluminous supernovae

References:
  1. June 8, 2011 - Brightest supernovae are in a class of their own
  2. June 8, 2011 - New class of stellar explosion very bright and somewhat hard to explain
  3. June 8, 2011 - New Type of Exploding Supernova Found - Brightest Yet
  4. June 8, 2011 - Ultrabright Supernovae Defy Explanation
  5. June 8, 2011 - New class of stellar explosions discovered
  6. June 8, 2011 - Super Explosive Stars Are Rare New Breed
  7. June 8, 2011 - New type of supernova outshines the rest
  8. June 8, 2011 - Meet the league of extraordinary supernovae
  9. June 9, 2011 - New, ultrabright class of supernova defies current models
  10. June 9, 2011 - Blasts point to new class of supernova
  11. June 10, 2011 - Brightest supernova a new kind of exploding star?
  12. June 14, 2011 - A Strange New Type of Supernova
Background


Supernova 1987a

References:
  1. June 8, 2011 - New supernova remnant lights up
  2. June 8, 2011 - Strangely behaving supernovae leave physicists bemused
  3. June 10, 2011 - Exploded Star's Guts Shining Bright Again, Photo Shows
  4. June 16, 2011 - Supernova Switch
Background


Measurement of quantum wave function

References:
  1. June 8, 2011 - Wave function directly measured
Background


VLT Survey Telescope

References:
  1. June 8, 2011 - First images from the VLT Survey Telescope 268-megapixel camera
  2. June 8, 2011 - New Telescope in Chile Unveils Stunning First Images
  3. June 8, 2011 - Brand new telescope captures Omega Nebula in all its glory
Background


James Webb Space Telescope

References:
  1. June 8, 2011 - Scientists Undeterred By Hubble Successor's Costs
Background


Gravitational waves

References:
  1. June 8, 2011 - Looking for gravitational waves: A computing perspective
Background


Prebiotic organic matter in meteorites

References:
  1. June 9, 2011 - Meteorite holds clues to organic chemistry of the early Earth - also here
  2. June 9, 2011 - Asteroids factories for building blocks of life: study
  3. June 9, 2011 - Meteorite hints at life's origins
  4. June 9, 2011 - Asteroids May Have Nurtured Seeds of Life
  5. June 9, 2011 - Long Before Earth, Asteroids May Have Served as Incubators of Life
  6. June 10, 2011 - Meteorite Cooks Up Its Organic Brew
  7. June 10, 2011 - Asteroid served 'custom orders' of life's ingredients
  8. June 10, 2011 - Asteroids cook up ingredients of life
Background, Background


Superfluids

References:
  1. June 9, 2011 - Physicists hit on mathematical description of superfluid dynamics - also here
  2. June 13, 2011 - Stirring superfluids
Background


Tests of general relativity

References:
  1. June 9, 2011 - Time up for relativity table-top test?
Background


Galaxy clusters

References:
  1. June 9, 2011 - Centuries-old math formula helps map galaxy clusters
Background


Possible non-standard model physics

References:
  1. June 10, 2011 - Tevatron teams clash over new physics
  2. June 10, 2011 - Hopes Fade for Monumental Last-Minute Discovery at U.S. Atom Smasher
  3. June 10, 2011 - New Tevatron Particle May Be a Mirage
  4. June 10, 2011 - No new particle after all: Tevatron's second detector comes up empty
  5. June 10, 2011 - D0 fails to reproduce CDF's mysterious bump
  6. June 10, 2011 - Fermilab's DZero weighs in on an unexpected CDF result - also here
  7. June 10, 2011 - Second team does not see Tevatron's mystery signal
  8. June 10, 2011 - No new particle from second detector
  9. June 13, 2011 - Fermilab experiment fails to confirm new particle claim
  10. June 14, 2011 - Atom smasher fails to confirm new particle
  11. June 30, 2011 - Perhaps no 'bump' in the data
Background


Binary active galactic nuclei

References:
  1. June 10, 2011 - Nearby galaxy boasts two monster black holes, both active - also here, here
  2. June 10, 2011 - Monster Black Hole Twins Found Inside Galaxy's Belly
  3. June 12, 2011 - NASA: Twin monster black holes spin in center of nearby galaxy
  4. June 13, 2011 - Twin Gigantic Black Holes Found at Galaxy Center
  5. June 14, 2011 - Galaxy boasts two monster black holes
Background


Galaxy size and star size

References:
  1. June 10, 2011 - Small galaxies may only give birth to small stars
Background, Background



Technology


Graphene

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - Singapore researchers invent broadband graphene polarizer
  2. June 7, 2011 - Quantum simulator prototype replicates structure of graphene
  3. June 8, 2011 - Team calculates the role of buried layers in few-layer epitaxial graphene
Background


Biological circuit components

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - Penn Researchers Develop Biological Circuit Components, New Microscope Technique for Measuring Them
Background, Background


Plasmonic laser sources

References:
  1. June 7, 2011 - Spaser on a wire: the road to itty-bitty lasers
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. June 7, 2011 - New production process for NiO/Ni nanocomposite electrodes for supercapacitors
  2. June 10, 2011 - A molecule that switches on and off - also here
Background


Quantum metrology

References:
  1. June 9, 2011 - Increasing the signal-to-noise ratio to get a lock on quantum signals
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. June 9, 2011 - Efficiency record for flexible CdTe solar cell due to novel polyimide film
Background


Graphene metamaterials

References:
  1. June 9, 2011 - Two-dimensional graphene metamaterials, one-atom-thick optical devices envisioned
Background, Background


Phase-change memory

References:
  1. June 9, 2011 - Better insulation makes phase-change memory work faster, more efficiently
Background


Supercomputing

References:
  1. June 9, 2011 - Chinese Super Breaks World Record in Application Performance
Background


Graphene-based integrated circuits

References:
  1. June 9, 2011 - Graphene integrated circuit is a first
  2. June 9, 2011 - I.B.M. Researchers Create High-Speed Graphene Circuits
  3. June 10, 2011 - IBM creates first graphene based integrated circuit
  4. June 10, 2011 - I.B.M. Researchers Make Graphene Breakthrough
  5. June 10, 2011 - IBM Researchers Create World's First Graphene Circuit
  6. June 14, 2011 - Graphene meets silicon with conventional fab techniques
  7. June 17, 2011 - Graphene ICs: IBM builds graphene transistors into a circuit
  8. June 22, 2011 - First 'graphene' integrated circuit
Background, Background


Hydrogen production

References:
  1. June 10, 2011 - Clean, cheap hydrogen production from water using cobalt catalyst
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. June 10, 2011 - Einstein's theory applied to superconducting circuits
  2. June 10, 2011 - Ultrathin copper-oxide layers behave like quantum spin liquid - also here
  3. June 10, 2011 - Nesting questions
Background


Plasmonics

References:
  1. June 10, 2011 - Periodic structures in organic light-emitters can efficiently enhance, replenish surface plasmon waves
Background


Biological lasers

References:
  1. June 12, 2011 - Human cell becomes living laser
  2. June 12, 2011 - A Cell Becomes a Laser
  3. June 12, 2011 - It lives and lases
  4. June 12, 2011 - Single Green Fluorescent Protein-expressing cell is basis of living laser device
  5. June 12, 2011 - Physicists create a living laser
  6. June 12, 2011 - First 'living' laser made from kidney cell
  7. June 12, 2011 - Lasers Made from Human Cells
  8. June 13, 2011 - Researchers Build a Living Laser
  9. June 13, 2011 - Green Fluorescent Protein Makes for Living Lasers
  10. June 13, 2011 - Scientists create 'living laser'
  11. June 13, 2011 - 'Living Laser' Engineered From Human Cells
  12. June 13, 2011 - How scientists turned a living cell into a green laser
  13. June 13, 2011 - Green Fluorescent Protein Makes for Living Lasers
  14. June 13, 2011 - Living laser crafted from single cell
  15. June 14, 2011 - First biological laser
Background



Life sciences


Homo erectus

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - Human ancestors in Eurasia earlier than thought
  2. June 6, 2011 - Site hints at Asian roots for human genus
  3. June 6, 2011 - New finds push back Homo appearance in Asia - also here
  4. June 6, 2011 - Were ancient human migrations two-way streets? - also here
Background


BK channel gating ring apparatus

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - Scientists identify how major biological sensor in the body works - also here
Background


Neoproterozoic era eukaryotes and biomineralization

References:
  1. June 7, 2011 - Fossils from the Yukon reveal protective plates for microscopic organisms
Background


Protein folding

References:
  1. June 7, 2011 - Protein folding made easy
  2. June 7, 2011 - TFolder - Protein Folding Gets Easier
Background


MicroRNA, insulin resistance, and obesity

References:
  1. June 8, 2011 - The RNA roots of obesity?
Background, Background, Background


Cilia

References:
  1. June 8, 2011 - How cells' sensing hairs are made
Background


Reactive oxygen species, TOR signaling, and aging

References:
  1. June 8, 2011 - Once blamed for aging, ROS molecules may actually extend life
Background, Background


Transdifferentiation of dopaminergic neurons from fibroblasts

References:
  1. June 9, 2011 - New genetic technique converts skin cells into brain cells
Background


Perforin and cytotoxic lymphocytes

References:
  1. June 9, 2011 - How killer immune cells avoid killing themselves
Background


Enterohaemorrhagic E. coli

References:
  1. June 10, 2011 - Chasing EHEC with the computer
Background


Rate of genetic mutations in humans

References:
  1. June 12, 2011 - 60 new mutations in each of us: Speed of human mutation revealed in new family genetic research
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Attention and awareness

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - Attention and awareness aren't the same - also here
Background


Foraging decision-making

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - Deciding to stay or go is a deep-seated brain function
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - Brain Scans Show Violent People Have Bigger Mesolimbic Areas
  2. June 7, 2011 - How early math lessons change children's brains
  3. June 10, 2011 - Can Brain Scans Predict Music Sales?
  4. June 13, 2011 - Teen Brain Data May Predict Pop Song Success, Study Finds - also here, here
  5. June 14, 2011 - What Makes a Song Commercially Successful? Ask Your Brain
  6. June 14, 2011 - Study: Pop Songs Literally Get Stuck in Teens' Heads
Background


Superstitious belief

References:
  1. June 7, 2011 - Evolutionary Reasons For Believing In Luck - also here
Background


Child behavior and genetics

References:
  1. June 7, 2011 - Naughty children - it's nature and nuture
Background


Value-driven attentional capture

References:
  1. June 7, 2011 - Your attention please: 'Rewarding' objects can't be ignored
Background


Autism

References:
  1. June 8, 2011 - Clues to Autism Emerge in Protein Network
  2. June 8, 2011 - Genetics offers more hints about autism
  3. June 8, 2011 - Autism's Tangled Genetics Full of Rare and Varied Mutations
  4. June 8, 2011 - Autism study validates importance of spontaneous causal mutations and sheds new light on gender skew
  5. June 8, 2011 - Researchers discover many genetic keys needed to unlock autism
  6. June 9, 2011 - Autism linked to hundreds of spontaneous genetic mutations
  7. June 9, 2011 - Random gene mutations explain non- hereditary autism
  8. June 10, 2011 - New genetic mutations trigger many cases of autism - also here
Background


Learning attention cues

References:
  1. June 8, 2011 - Learn to pay attention
Background


Synaptophysin and synaptic vesicles

References:
  1. June 8, 2011 - Researchers solve membrane protein mystery
Background, Background


Nicotine and appetite

References:
  1. June 9, 2011 - Why Smokers Are Skinny
  2. June 9, 2011 - Researchers learning how nicotine works as an appetite suppressant
  3. June 9, 2011 - Nicotine's Appetite-Suppressing Power Could Be Used for Weight Loss
  4. June 9, 2011 - The Skinny On Smoking: Why Nicotine Curbs Appetite
  5. June 9, 2011 - Discovery May Pave Way to Quitting Smoking Without Gaining Weight
  6. June 9, 2011 - Why smokers are thinner? Nicotine triggered appetite suppression site identified in brain
  7. June 10, 2011 - Study: Why Quitting Smoking Makes You Fat
  8. June 10, 2011 - Scientists Pinpoint Why Smokers Pack on Pounds When They Quit
  9. June 10, 2011 - Why smoking keeps you skinny
  10. June 10, 2011 - Study finds how nicotine keeps weight off
Background, Background


Avian use of tools

References:
  1. June 9, 2011 - New study of crows and parrots highlights different types of intelligence
  2. June 10, 2011 - Clever tool use in parrots and crows
Background


Fragile X protein, microRNA, and gene expression in neurons

References:
  1. June 9, 2011 - Fragile X protein acts as toggle switch in brain cells
Background, Background


Insightful reasoning by chimpanzees

References:
  1. June 10, 2011 - Study shows chimps capable of insightful reasoning ability
Background


Consciousness

References:
  1. June 10, 2011 - 3-D Images Reveal What Happens as Brain Loses Consciousness
  2. June 11, 2011 - 3-D movie shows, for the first time, what happens in the brain as it loses consciousness
  3. June 13, 2011 - Images capture moment brain goes unconscious
  4. June 14, 2011 - 3D movie reveals how brain loses consciousness
Background


Brain simulation

References:
  1. June 10, 2011 - Project simulates human brain to enhance computer power
Background



Health and medicine


Stem cells and cancer

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - Drugs target cancer stem cells
Background, Background


MicroRNA and cancer

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - UofL research shows removal of a tiny RNA molecule can inhibit cancer growth - also here
Background, Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - Scientists discover new direction in Alzheimer's research
  2. June 8, 2011 - Slow-moving Alzheimer's can buy people more time
Background


High-fat diet, insulin signaling, and obesity

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - Insulin action in the brain can lead to obesity
Background, Background


Brown fat, obesity, and diabetes

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - Calorie-burning brown fat is a potential obesity treatment, researchers say
Background, Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - Gene therapy reverses type 1 diabetes in mice
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. June 6, 2011 - Novel experimental agent is highly active in CLL patients, interim study shows
  2. June 6, 2011 - Combined imaging agents advance PET imaging of cancer
  3. June 6, 2011 - High-impact radiopeptide therapy halts neuroendocrine cancer
  4. June 6, 2011 - New pretargeted radioimmunotherapy for colorectal cancer
  5. June 7, 2011 - Drug prevents some breast cancers
  6. June 7, 2011 - Scientists unlock potential of frog skin to treat cancer
  7. June 8, 2011 - Breast cancer drug pushes colon cancer cells to their death
  8. June 8, 2011 - Crucial molecule that involved in spread of breast cancer found
  9. June 9, 2011 - Radiation after prostate removal is cost-effective, but less likely to be recommended by urologists
  10. June 9, 2011 - Simple test could hold key to early diagnosis of cancers
  11. June 9, 2011 - FDA links some prostate drugs to cancer risk
  12. June 11, 2011 - Government lists formaldehyde as cancer causer - also here
  13. June 12, 2011 - Scientists improve method for finding genetic mistakes that fuel cancer
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. June 7, 2011 - Super-mini vehicles carry therapeutics and imaging agents into body with mega results
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. June 7, 2011 - Experts prove link between phosphate intake and heart disease
  2. June 8, 2011 - Circulating levels of a lung protein found to be 'strongly predictive' of cardiovascular disease
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. June 7, 2011 - Team demonstrates breakthrough method of stem cell expansion
  2. June 8, 2011 - The future of stem cell applications challenging, bright
  3. June 9, 2011 - Researchers work to turn back the clock on bone-producing stem cells - also here
Background


Influenza vaccine

References:
  1. June 7, 2011 - Universal flu vaccine clinical trials show promise
Background, Background


Nerve regeneration

References:
  1. June 7, 2011 - Biomaterial aids nerve regeneration
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. June 7, 2011 - Researchers discover biochemical weakness of malaria parasite -- vaccine to be developed
Background


Repair of heart tissue

References:
  1. June 8, 2011 - Stem cells patch up 'broken' heart
  2. June 8, 2011 - Heart has cellular regeneration ability
  3. June 8, 2011 - Repairing hearts
  4. June 8, 2011 - Turning back the cellular clock could repair damage after a heart attack
  5. June 8, 2011 - Cardiac cells might help fix heart attack damage - also here
  6. June 8, 2011 - Proteins protect against heart attack
  7. June 9, 2011 - Heart heals itself, with a little help
Background, Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. June 8, 2011 - Hepatitis C mouse model a major milestone
  2. June 8, 2011 - Scientists create first genetically humanized mouse model for hepatitis C
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. June 9, 2011 - New research provides breakthrough in understanding common cancer
Background


Copyright © 2011 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved