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Volume 10, Number 23
June 6, 2011


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Star formation in elliptical galaxies
Blue stragglers in globular clusters
Dynamics of spiral galaxies
CO2 emissions growth
James Webb Space Telescope
Enceladus
Extreme neutron stars
Wolf-Rayet stars
Earthquakes
Possible non-standard model physics
Molecular clouds in the Milky Way's center
Higgs boson
Evolution of star clusters
Gravitational wave astronomy
Quantum uncertainty
Solar flares
Extrasolar planets
Effects of radiation pressure on giant molecular clouds
Radio astronomy
Climate modeling
Sunspots
Extraction of vacuum photons
Galaxy collisions
Supernovae
Quantum entanglement
Paleoclimatology
Aerosols and climate
Collatz conjecture
Antimatter

Technology

Graphene
Photovoltaics
Photonics
Metamaterials
Computer vision
Virtual reality
Nanotechnology
Entropy, information, and computing
DNA computing
Quantum computing
Phase-change memory
Superconductivity

Life sciences

Actin-depolymerising factors and cell movement
Protein misfolding
Australopithecines
Bacterial pili
Epigenetics
Diminishing returns from gene mutations in evolution
Multi-nucleotide mutations and evolution
Cryptic variation and evolutionary adaptation
Evolutionary developmental biology
Regulatory genes and embryonic development
Bacterial cell walls
Muscle development
T cell activation

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Mental training
Brain-imaging studies
Autism
Bilingualism
Body movement and problem solving
Mapping neural connections in the brain
Memory erasure
Animal understanding of analogies
Need for light for development of visual system

Health and medicine

AIDS
Nanobiotechnology
Cancer
Noncoding RNA and Alzheimer's disease
Multiple sclerosis
Alzheimer's disease
Cardiovascular disease
Antibiotic resistance
Parkinson's disease
Autoimmune disease
Gene therapy
Warburg effect and PKM2



Physical sciences


Star formation in elliptical galaxies

References:
  1. May 30, 2011 - 'Dead' galaxies are not so dead after all - also here
  2. June 1, 2011 - Dead galaxies show signs of life
Background


Blue stragglers in globular clusters

References:
  1. May 30, 2011 - Unexpected populations in global clusters may unlock secrets of star formation
  2. June 2, 2011 - Hybrid clusters shake up stellar evolution theories
Background


Dynamics of spiral galaxies

References:
  1. May 30, 2011 - Testing the spiral density wave theory
Background


CO2 emissions growth

References:
  1. May 30, 2011 - Carbon emissions at record high: report
  2. May 30, 2011 - Global carbon emissions reach record, says IEA
  3. May 31, 2011 - Carbon emissions boom, making future cuts harder
  4. May 31, 2011 - Record carbon emissions mean 2° C rise ever closer
  5. June 5, 2011 - New study indicates carbon release to atmosphere ten times faster than in the past - also here
  6. June 5, 2011 - Greenhouse gas emissions hitting record highs - also here
  7. June 7, 2011 - Current carbon emissions dwarf those of past climate event
Background


James Webb Space Telescope

References:
  1. May 30, 2011 - James Webb space telescope ISIM on 'spin cycle'
Background


Enceladus

References:
  1. May 31, 2011 - Enceladus named sweetest spot for alien life
Background


Extreme neutron stars

References:
  1. May 31, 2011 - Probing the origins of extreme neutron stars
Background


Wolf-Rayet stars

References:
  1. May 31, 2011 - MOST microsatellite reveals true nature of mysterious dust-forming Wolf-Rayet binary CV Ser
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. May 31, 2011 - Scientists warn of more quake danger in N.Z.
Background


Possible non-standard model physics

References:
  1. May 31, 2011 - Evidence for a new particle gets stronger
  2. June 1, 2011 - Tevatron's mystery signal grows stronger with more data
  3. June 1, 2011 - CDF bump almost gets a five-star rating
Background


Molecular clouds in the Milky Way's center

References:
  1. June 1, 2011 - Twisted ring of gas orbits galactic center
Background


Higgs boson

References:
  1. June 1, 2011 - Fermilab CDF collaboration member adds credence to Higgs discovery rumors
Background


Evolution of star clusters

References:
  1. June 1, 2011 - Understanding stellar birth using old star clusters
  2. June 1, 2011 - 'Oddball' star cluster is a hybrid, astronomer finds
Background


Gravitational wave astronomy

References:
  1. June 1, 2011 - Space-Time Ripples: How Scientists Could Detect Gravity Waves
  2. June 2, 2011 - Better hearing with spaced-apart ears
Background


Quantum uncertainty

References:
  1. June 2, 2011 - A quantum take on certainty
  2. June 2, 2011 - Quantum Mechanics Gets Weirdly Less Weird
  3. June 2, 2011 - Researchers observe single photons in two-slit interferometer experiment - also here
  4. June 3, 2011 - Tracking photons through the classic double-slit experiment
  5. June 3, 2011 - The secret lives of photons revealed
Background


Solar flares

References:
  1. June 2, 2011 - Super Speedy Solar Prominence
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. June 2, 2011 - Hunting for transits of Super-Earth GJ 581e
  2. June 4, 2011 - Binary stars behind puffy exoplanet puzzle
Background


Effects of radiation pressure on giant molecular clouds

References:
  1. June 2, 2011 - Disruption of giant molecular clouds by massive star clusters
Background


Radio astronomy

References:
  1. June 2, 2011 - LOFAR creates deeper images of universe than ever before
Background


Climate modeling

References:
  1. June 2, 2011 - Climate projections don't accurately reflect soil carbon release
Background


Sunspots

References:
  1. June 2, 2011 - Mysterious Origins of Dark Sunspots Explained
  2. June 3, 2011 - Century-old sunspot problem solved
Background


Extraction of vacuum photons

References:
  1. June 3, 2011 - Moving mirrors make light from nothing
  2. June 3, 2011 - Reported demonstration of dynamical Casimir effect is significant milestone
  3. June 6, 2011 - Researchers create light from 'almost nothing'
Background


Galaxy collisions

References:
  1. June 3, 2011 - A Galactic Hit and Run
Background


Supernovae

References:
  1. June 3, 2011 - A supernova that's super different
Background


Quantum entanglement

References:
  1. June 3, 2011 - Chinese team entangles eight photons, breaking record
Background


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. June 3, 2011 - Research into ancient global cooling published in Science
Background


Aerosols and climate

References:
  1. June 3, 2011 - Tiny particles, big impact
  2. June 3, 2011 - Cloud composition cliffhanger at point reyes national seashore
Background


Collatz conjecture

References:
  1. June 3, 2011 - Deceptive puzzle may be solved after 74 years
Background


Antimatter

References:
  1. June 5, 2011 - Antiatoms, All Out of Energy and Ready for Work
  2. June 5, 2011 - Antimatter Atoms Trapped for More Than 15 Minutes - also here
  3. June 5, 2011 - CERN physicists trap antihydrogen atoms for more than 16 minutes - also here
  4. June 5, 2011 - Do Matter And Antimatter Obey The Same Laws Of Physics?
  5. June 5, 2011 - Ephemeral Antimatter Trapped for Amazingly Long 16 Minutes
  6. June 5, 2011 - CERN Scientists Trap Antimatter for Almost 17 Minutes
  7. June 5, 2011 - Scientists trap antimatter long enough to study how it works
  8. June 6, 2011 - CERN traps antimatter for long enough to do serious science on it
  9. June 6, 2011 - Antihydrogen atoms trapped for 16 minutes
  10. June 6, 2011 - CERN experiment traps antimatter atoms for 1000 seconds
  11. June 6, 2011 - Antimatter exists in lab for record time
  12. June 6, 2011 - Scientists close in on antimatter riddle
  13. June 6, 2011 - Antimatter atoms are corralled even longer
Background



Technology


Graphene

References:
  1. May 30, 2011 - Boron nitride is a promising path to practical graphene devices
  2. June 2, 2011 - Method for creating single-crystal arrays of graphene developed
  3. June 3, 2011 - Family of flower-like defects may help graphene structures respond to stress without ripping
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. May 30, 2011 - Nanopillars significantly boost the power conversion efficiency of thin-film solar cells
  2. June 2, 2011 - New inorganic semiconductor layers hold promise for solar energy
  3. June 3, 2011 - Print solar cells like newspapers
Background


Photonics

References:
  1. May 31, 2011 - Physicists describe how to make time-reversed light pulses
  2. May 31, 2011 - Nanoscale waveguide for future photonics
Background


Metamaterials

References:
  1. May 31, 2011 - Shrinking device makes objects appear smaller than they are
Background


Computer vision

References:
  1. May 31, 2011 - Algorithm for identifying object boundaries in digital images 50,000 times more efficient than predecessor - also here
Background


Virtual reality

References:
  1. May 31, 2011 - FRAVE: Flexible virtual reality system - also here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. May 31, 2011 - Stamping out low cost nanodevices
  2. June 2, 2011 - Researchers develop integrated nanomechanical sensor for atomic force microscopy
Background


Entropy, information, and computing

References:
  1. June 1, 2011 - Quantum knowledge cools computers - also here
  2. June 6, 2011 - Erasing data could keep quantum computers cool
  3. June 7, 2011 - Erase entangled memory to cool a computer
Background, Background


DNA computing

References:
  1. June 2, 2011 - A molecular calculator
  2. June 2, 2011 - Flexible DNA computer finds square roots
  3. June 2, 2011 - DNA logic gates calculate square root using 130 different molecules - also here
  4. June 2, 2011 - See-saw logic gates make DNA computing easier
  5. June 2, 2011 - DNA Computer Gets Scaled Up
  6. June 2, 2011 - Largest biochemical circuit built out of small synthetic DNA molecules - also here
  7. June 3, 2011 - DNA Computer Does Math, Plus Lays Out Building Blocks For Bigger Circuits
  8. June 3, 2011 - Research marks a leap forward for DNA-based computers
  9. June 7, 2011 - DNA-based calculator
  10. June 11, 2011 - DNA Computing: Advances in organic circuits
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. June 2, 2011 - Adiabatic quantum computers may get speed boost using useless qubits
  2. June 2, 2011 - Long live the qubit! - also here
Background


Phase-change memory

References:
  1. June 2, 2011 - Phase change memory-based 'moneta' system points to the future of computer storage - also here
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. June 3, 2011 - Gravitational Theory Reproduces Superconducting Circuitry
Background



Life sciences


Actin-depolymerising factors and cell movement

References:
  1. May 30, 2011 - New malaria protein structure upends theory of how cells grow and move
Background


Protein misfolding

References:
  1. May 31, 2011 - Similarities cause protein misfolding
Background


Australopithecines

References:
  1. June 1, 2011 - Female australopiths seek brave new world
  2. June 1, 2011 - Ancient Female Ancestors Roamed Far and Wide for Mates
  3. June 1, 2011 - Analyses of 2-million-year old hominid teeth reveal sex differences in lifestyle
  4. June 1, 2011 - Study: Ancient hominid males stayed home while females roamed
  5. June 1, 2011 - Human ancestors were Mama's Boys
  6. June 1, 2011 - Ancient cave women 'left childhood homes'
  7. June 1, 2011 - Early hominin landscape use
  8. June 2, 2011 - Were human ancestors 'stay-at-home dads'?
  9. June 2, 2011 - Early human dads stayed home
  10. June 2, 2011 - Early hominin women had wanderlust
Background


Bacterial pili

References:
  1. June 1, 2011 - Bacterial protein caught in the act of secreting sticky appendages - also here
Background


Epigenetics

References:
  1. June 2, 2011 - Researchers characterize epigenetic fingerprint of 1,628 people
Background


Diminishing returns from gene mutations in evolution

References:
  1. June 2, 2011 - Gene mutations that are beneficial on their own combine to slow down progress
  2. June 3, 2011 - It doesn't add up
Background, Background


Multi-nucleotide mutations and evolution

References:
  1. June 2, 2011 - Non-independent mutations present new path to evolutionary success - also here
Background, Background


Cryptic variation and evolutionary adaptation

References:
  1. June 3, 2011 - Cryptic Mutations Could Be Evolution's Hidden Fuel - also here
Background, Background


Evolutionary developmental biology

References:
  1. June 3, 2011 - Measuring evolution's waistline
Background, Background


Regulatory genes and embryonic development

References:
  1. June 3, 2011 - From pre-gut cells to glory
Background, Background


Bacterial cell walls

References:
  1. June 3, 2011 - Bacterial roundabouts determine cell shape
Background


Muscle development

References:
  1. June 4, 2011 - How muscle develops: A dance of cellular skeletons
Background


T cell activation

References:
  1. June 5, 2011 - Super microscope used to pinpoint body's immunity 'switch'
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Mental training

References:
  1. May 30, 2011 - A brain training exercise that really does work
Background, Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. May 31, 2011 - Researchers uncover how the brain processes faces
  2. June 1, 2011 - Brain study shows why alcoholics fall off the wagon again... and again
Background


Autism

References:
  1. May 31, 2011 - New research may lead to improved diagnosis of autism
  2. June 2, 2011 - Therapies to improve biochemical functions hold promise as treatments for autism
Background


Bilingualism

References:
  1. May 31, 2011 - Bilingualism no big deal for brain, researcher finds
Background


Body movement and problem solving

References:
  1. June 1, 2011 - Want to solve a problem? Don't just use your brain, but your body too
Background, Background


Mapping neural connections in the brain

References:
  1. June 1, 2011 - Researchers map, measure brain's neural connections - also here
Background


Memory erasure

References:
  1. June 1, 2011 - A pain-erasing pill is no longer the stuff of movies
Background


Animal understanding of analogies

References:
  1. June 2, 2011 - Monkeys might be more logical than we think
Background


Need for light for development of visual system

References:
  1. June 5, 2011 - Studies show importance of visual stimulation in wiring up species' brains to see - also here
Background



Health and medicine


AIDS

References:
  1. May 30, 2011 - Race to solve AIDS puzzle heats up
  2. June 3, 2011 - Scientists reactivate immune cells exhausted by chronic HIV
  3. June 3, 2011 - First man 'functionally cured' of HIV
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. May 30, 2011 - New nanovaccine boosts cow health
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. May 30, 2011 - Pancreas betrayed by 'double agent'
  2. May 31, 2011 - Diabetic drug could help prevent the spread of cancer
  3. May 31, 2011 - Chemotherapy resistance: A new lead?
  4. June 1, 2011 - Sound waves can identify cancers that have spread
  5. June 2, 2011 - Whole grape - seed and skin - may be perfect colon cancer fighting food
  6. June 2, 2011 - Bristol, Roche team up on melanoma study
  7. June 3, 2011 - Matching targeted therapies to tumor's specific gene mutations key to personalized cancer treatment
  8. June 3, 2011 - Melanoma vaccine shows promise in trial
  9. June 4, 2011 - Melanoma Drug Combo Shows Promise in Early Trial
  10. June 4, 2011 - Study: Hormone-blocking drug reduces breast-cancer risk
  11. June 5, 2011 - Hormone-blocking drug reduces breast cancer risk - also here
  12. June 5, 2011 - Study: Pfizer lung cancer pill may double survival - also here
  13. June 5, 2011 - Studies find new drugs boost skin cancer survival - also here
  14. June 5, 2011 - Drug dramatically helps melanoma patients
  15. June 5, 2011 - Drugs Show Promise Slowing Advanced Melanoma
  16. June 6, 2011 - Melanoma drugs slow disease, boost hopes for combination therapy
  17. June 6, 2011 - Skin cancer treatment: Biggest breakthrough in 30 years
  18. June 6, 2011 - Studies Show Promise for Treating Melanoma
  19. June 6, 2011 - Vaccine + drug = improved melanoma outcome
  20. June 6, 2011 - Drugs hailed as a 'major breakthrough' in treating deadly skin cancer
  21. June 7, 2011 - Three New Promising Treatments for Treating Lethal Melanoma
Background


Noncoding RNA and Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. May 30, 2011 - Noncoding RNA may promote Alzheimer's disease
Background, Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. May 30, 2011 - Stress Does Not Increase Risk Of Multiple Sclerosis
  2. May 31, 2011 - Link found between environment, genetics in triggering multiple sclerosis
  3. June 1, 2011 - Multiple sclerosis mechanism uncovered
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. May 31, 2011 - Potential new drug candidate found for Alzheimer's disease
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. May 31, 2011 - Drug can reverse overgrown hearts to help prevent heart failure
Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. June 1, 2011 - Deadly bacteria may mimic human proteins to evolve antibiotic resistance - also here
  2. June 2, 2011 - New Superbug Found in Cows and People
  3. June 3, 2011 - New drug-resistant 'superbug' found in cow's milk
  4. June 3, 2011 - New strain of MRSA discovered
  5. June 3, 2011 - New strain of MRSA superbug may have spread from cattle to humans
  6. June 3, 2011 - New MRSA superbug discovered in cows' milk
  7. June 4, 2011 - New MRSA Strain Found in Dairy Cattle and Humans
  8. June 7, 2011 - A new cow-borne superbug
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. June 1, 2011 - Gene jabs could ease Parkinson's
  2. June 8, 2011 - New insights into Parkinson's Disease
Background


Autoimmune disease

References:
  1. June 2, 2011 - A promising new approach to autoimmune diseases
  2. June 3, 2011 - Breakthrough in the study of Autoimmune Disease
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. June 3, 2011 - A new form of DNA
Background


Warburg effect and PKM2

References:
  1. June 4, 2011 - Understanding cancer energetics
Background, Background


Copyright © 2011 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved