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Volume 10, Number 14
April 4, 2011


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Global warming
Dark flow
Symmetry violation in B meson decay
Supersymmetry
Extrasolar planets
Extrasolar planets and dark matter
Red giant stars
Oceans and climate
Star-forming regions
Earthquakes
Galaxy mergers
Bottomonium
Terahertz astronomy
Anomalies in top quark production at Fermilab
Antineutrinos
Square Kilometer Array
Supernovae
James Webb Space Telescope
Symmetries in solid materials

Technology

Carbon nanotubes
Optical free space communication
Plasmonics
Fuel cells
Quantum dots
Ferroelectric digital storage
Superconductivity
Graphene
Quantum computing
Nanotechnology
Quantum spin liquids
Superlenses
Photovoltaics
Entanglement and non-quantum communication
Prosthetics
Artificial intelligence
Controlled fusion
Bose-Einstein condensates
Quantum encryption

Life sciences

Virophages
Cell membrane division during mitosis
Caenorhabditis elegans lifespan extension
Metagenomics and phylogenetics
Pyrrolysine
Simulation of whole cells
DNA and spin
Coevolution of bacteria and bacteriophages
Aging and the immune system
Protein chaperones
Vitamin A and immune response

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Brain-imaging studies
Neuroendocrine effects of social stress on mice
Schizophrenia
Brain metabolism in humans and other primates
Neurogenesis and repair of brain injury
Innate visual reasoning
Mood and memory
Variability of olfactory neural connections
Encoding of visual information
Insight memory
Simian understanding of quantity
Mirror reading
Neurogenesis and cognition
Cannabinoids and pain relief

Health and medicine

Telomeres and diabetes
Autoimmune disease
Nanobiotechnololgy
Cancer
Alzheimer's disease
Cardiovascular disease
Cancer biology
Antibiotics
AIDS
Hepatitis C
Stem cells
Heritability of resistance to obesity
Inflammatory bowel disease
Parkinson's disease
Hepatitis B
Cancer, stress, and telomere length



Physical sciences


Global warming

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - Shift in Northern Forests Could Increase Global Warming
  2. March 29, 2011 - Jet Contrails a Big Global Warmer
  3. March 29, 2011 - Contrails warm the world more than aviation emissions
  4. March 30, 2011 - Contrails Worse for Climate Change Than Planes' Carbon Emissions - also here
  5. March 30, 2011 - Contrail effect greater than CO2: study
  6. March 31, 2011 - Airplane contrails worse than CO2 emissions for global warming: study
  7. April 3, 2011 - Declining mangroves shield against global warming
Background


Dark flow

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - Dark statistics
Background, Background


Symmetry violation in B meson decay

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - Physicists first to observe rare particles produced at the Large Hadron Collider - also here
  2. March 29, 2011 - Exotic antimatter particle produced by LHC
  3. March 29, 2011 - Strange B Meson studies at LHCb provide new tools for discovery - also here
  4. March 30, 2011 - Rare particle decays could indicate presence of new physics
Background


Supersymmetry

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - The Large Hadron Collider enters the race for supersymmetry
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. March 29, 2011 - Picturing Kepler's impressive hoard of planet discoveries
  2. March 30, 2011 - Kepler's transiting exoplanets
  3. April 1, 2011 - New Image Is Worth 1,235 Potential Alien Planets
Background


Extrasolar planets and dark matter

References:
  1. March 30, 2011 - Dark Matter Heat Could Make Exoplanets Habitable
  2. March 30, 2011 - Audacious notion of the week: planets heated by dark matter
  3. March 30, 2011 - Dark matter could make planets habitable
  4. March 31, 2011 - Dark Matter Could Be the Life of the Party for Starless Planets
  5. April 1, 2011 - Dark matter could provide heat for starless planets
Background, Background


Red giant stars

References:
  1. March 30, 2011 - Kepler spacecraft gives astronomers a look inside red giant stars
  2. March 30, 2011 - Starquakes Reveal Pulse of Giant Stars
  3. March 31, 2011 - Kepler reveals the inner lives of red giants
  4. March 31, 2011 - Shaking giants reveal inner secrets
  5. March 31, 2011 - Giant stars reveal inner secrets for the first time
Background


Oceans and climate

References:
  1. March 30, 2011 - Warm water causes extra-cold winters in northeastern North America and Northeastern Asia - also here
  2. March 30, 2011 - Extra-Cold Winters in Northeastern North America and Northeastern Asia?
  3. March 31, 2011 - How The West Was Warm(er)
Background, Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. March 30, 2011 - The rose-red glow of star formation
  2. March 30, 2011 - Cosmic Rose Blooms in Star Cluster Photo
  3. March 31, 2011 - Rosy Cluster
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. March 31, 2011 - Earthquake triggering, and why we don't know where the next big one will strike
  2. March 31, 2011 - Earth movements from Japan earthquake seen from space
Background


Galaxy mergers

References:
  1. March 31, 2011 - Galactic Collision Wins Telescope Contest
  2. March 31, 2011 - Galaxy Tango
  3. April 2, 2011 - Backward stars point to galactic cannibalism
Background


Bottomonium

References:
  1. March 31, 2011 - Getting to know the strong force, one of the four fundamental forces of the universe - also here
  2. March 31, 2011 - A new bottomonium particle makes its debut
  3. April 1, 2011 - BaBar researchers announce first evidence of predicted particle subtype
Background


Terahertz astronomy

References:
  1. March 31, 2011 - GREAT spectrometer readied for flight on SOFIA
Background


Anomalies in top quark production at Fermilab

References:
  1. April 1, 2011 - Fermilab findings suggest new elementary particle may soon emerge - also here
  2. April 4, 2011 - Update on forward-backward asymmetry
Background, Background


Antineutrinos

References:
  1. April 1, 2011 - The amazing disappearing antineutrino
Background


Square Kilometer Array

References:
  1. April 1, 2011 - Group sets plans for largest radio telescope ever
  2. April 4, 2011 - International Mega-Telescope Project Gears Up at U.K. Observatory
  3. April 4, 2011 - Key decisions made on giant telescope
  4. April 4, 2011 - Square Kilometre Array telescope project announces the establishment of a Founding Board
Background


Supernovae

References:
  1. April 1, 2011 - Keck telescope images super-luminous supernova
Background


James Webb Space Telescope

References:
  1. April 1, 2011 - Quick 'cool' facts about NASA's Webb Telescope on video
Background


Symmetries in solid materials

References:
  1. April 3, 2011 - Search for advanced materials aided by discovery of hidden symmetries in nature - also here
  2. April 8, 2011 - Math trick reverses spirals, providing new ways to explore materials
Background



Technology


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - The incredible shrinking circuit - also here
  2. March 28, 2011 - Memory device holds key to green gadgets
  3. March 28, 2011 - Researchers make MEMS-over-CNT memory
  4. March 28, 2011 - Catching cancer with carbon nanotubes - also here
  5. March 31, 2011 - Carbon-Nanotube Cancer Detector Can Catch Even a Single Marauding, Malignant Cell
  6. April 1, 2011 - Carbon nanotubes capture cancer cells
Background


Optical free space communication

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - New laser technology prepares to revolutionize communications
Background


Plasmonics

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - Electron resonances could greatly enhance the response of optical chip photodetectors
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - Dutch researchers identify huge potential of nanocrystals in fuel cells
  2. March 31, 2011 - Novel nanowires boost fuel cell efficiency - also here
  3. April 3, 2011 - Materials scientists at Harvard demonstrate the first macro-scale thin-film solid-oxide fuel cell
Background


Quantum dots

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - Twinkle, twinkle, quantum dot -- new particles can change colors and tag molecules
Background


Ferroelectric digital storage

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - Small and stable ferroelectric domains
  2. March 29, 2011 - Data storage takes an electric turn
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - Iron superconductivity weathers another storm
  2. March 29, 2011 - Superconductivity from nowhere
  3. March 30, 2011 - Generator with superconductors
  4. April 1, 2011 - Power cables light the future path of superconductivity
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - A defect controls transport in graphene
  2. March 31, 2011 - Physicists put a new twist on graphene
  3. April 3, 2011 - Self-cooling observed in graphene electronics
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - A hybrid quantum computer
  2. April 1, 2011 - 14 quantum bits: Physicists go beyond the limits of what is currently possible in quantum computation - also here
  3. April 7, 2011 - Trapped ions smash entanglement record
  4. April 7, 2011 - New World Record: Calculations With 14 Quantum Bits
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. March 29, 2011 - First practical nanogenerator produces electricity with pinch of the fingers
  2. March 30, 2011 - 'Spincasting' holds promise for creation of nanoparticle thin films - also here
Background


Quantum spin liquids

References:
  1. March 29, 2011 - Scientists produce a crystal that could help unlock the mystery of high-temperature superconductors
  2. April 1, 2011 - Quantum mapmakers complete first voyage through spin liquid
Background


Superlenses

References:
  1. March 29, 2011 - Researchers make first perovskite-based superlens for the infrared
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. March 29, 2011 - Solar cells will be fabricated by a single organic semiconductor
Background


Entanglement and non-quantum communication

References:
  1. March 30, 2011 - Entanglement can help in classical communication
  2. March 31, 2011 - Quantum trickery could lead to stealth radar
Background


Prosthetics

References:
  1. March 30, 2011 - Ryerson students invent breakthrough brain-controlled prosthetic arm
  2. April 1, 2011 - Major advance for bionic eye
  3. April 3, 2011 - 'Bionic eye' implant offers hope to the blind
Background


Artificial intelligence

References:
  1. March 30, 2011 - Pittsburgh symposium answers: What is Watson? - also here, here
Background


Controlled fusion

References:
  1. March 31, 2011 - Fusion scientists gear up to learn how to harness plasma energy
Background


Bose-Einstein condensates

References:
  1. March 31, 2011 - Neutral atoms made to act like electrically charged particles
  2. March 31, 2011 - The first non-trivial atom circuit: Progress towards an atom SQUID
Background


Quantum encryption

References:
  1. March 31, 2011 - Researchers weight safety of quantum cryptology
Background



Life sciences


Virophages

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - 'Virus-eater' discovered in Antarctic lake
  2. March 29, 2011 - Virus-eating virus identified in Antarctic lake
Background


Cell membrane division during mitosis

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - When cells divide
Background


Caenorhabditis elegans lifespan extension

References:
  1. March 30, 2011 - Dying for a long life
  2. March 30, 2011 - Worms live longer with thioflavin T
  3. March 30, 2011 - A splash of color can help worms live longer
  4. March 30, 2011 - Nature study shows common lab dye is a wonder drug -- for worms
  5. March 30, 2011 - Dye slows ageing and Alzheimer's protein formation
  6. March 30, 2011 - Old stain, new life
Background


Metagenomics and phylogenetics

References:
  1. March 30, 2011 - More possible branches to the domain of life
Background


Pyrrolysine

References:
  1. March 30, 2011 - Scientists unlock mystery of how the 22nd amino acid is produced
Background


Simulation of whole cells

References:
  1. March 30, 2011 - Researchers make the leap to whole-cell simulations - also here
Background


DNA and spin

References:
  1. March 31, 2011 - Biological molecules select their spin - also here
Background


Coevolution of bacteria and bacteriophages

References:
  1. March 31, 2011 - Evolution outside the lab
Background, Background


Aging and the immune system

References:
  1. April 1, 2011 - Older bereaved 'die of broken immune system not broken heart'
Background, Background


Protein chaperones

References:
  1. April 1, 2011 - Lighting up a protein called Spy
  2. April 3, 2011 - Common 'chaperone' protein found to work in surprising way
Background


Vitamin A and immune response

References:
  1. April 1, 2011 - In the absence of vitamin A, the body loses immune cells that put the brakes on the earliest stages of infection
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - Deciphering hidden code reveals brain activity
  2. March 28, 2011 - Study illuminates the 'pain' of social rejection
  3. March 28, 2011 - Rejection Really Hurts, Brain Scans Show
  4. March 28, 2011 - To the brain the pain of rejection really hurts - also here, here
  5. March 31, 2011 - Social rejection and physical pain are linked
  6. April 1, 2011 - Scans reveal differences in brain structure of antisocial teens - also here
  7. April 4, 2011 - Antisocial teens have different brains
  8. April 4, 2011 - Pain and heartache are bound together in our brains
Background


Neuroendocrine effects of social stress on mice

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - Bullying alters brain chemistry, leads to anxiety
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - Seeing double (or triple) in genome sequencing
  2. March 30, 2011 - Understanding schizophrenia: Researchers uncover new underlying mechanism
Background


Brain metabolism in humans and other primates

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - Evolution of cognition might be down to brain chemistry
Background, Background


Neurogenesis and repair of brain injury

References:
  1. March 29, 2011 - New brain cell growth restores function
  2. March 30, 2011 - Researchers probe nervous system repair
Background


Innate visual reasoning

References:
  1. March 30, 2011 - Study shows some forms of visual reasoning might be inborn
Background


Mood and memory

References:
  1. March 30, 2011 - Being in a good mood may lead to poor memory
Background


Variability of olfactory neural connections

References:
  1. March 30, 2011 - Sensory wiring for smells varies among individuals
Background


Encoding of visual information

References:
  1. March 31, 2011 - What the brain saw
Background


Insight memory

References:
  1. March 31, 2011 - New insight into 'aha' memories
Background, Background


Simian understanding of quantity

References:
  1. March 31, 2011 - Monkeys have better basic counting skills than originally thought
Background


Mirror reading

References:
  1. March 31, 2011 - The brain against words in the mirror
Background


Neurogenesis and cognition

References:
  1. April 3, 2011 - Nurturing newborn neurons sharpens minds in mice
Background


Cannabinoids and pain relief

References:
  1. April 3, 2011 - Cannabis-like drugs could kill pain without the high
  2. April 4, 2011 - Modified cannabinoid THC offers pain relief without the buzz - also here
Background



Health and medicine


Telomeres and diabetes

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - Scientists Link DNA 'End-Caps' Length to Diabetes Risk; New Role for Short Telomeres - also here
Background


Autoimmune disease

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - Cancer drug shows promise for treating scleroderma
  2. March 29, 2011 - Scientists find cause of fatal inflammation of the heart muscle
Background


Nanobiotechnololgy

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - Biodegradable biopolymer nanoparticles hold promise for twin attack on breast cancer
  2. April 1, 2011 - 'Good cholesterol' nanoparticles seek and destroy cancer cells
  3. April 3, 2011 - Nanoparticles offer hope for common skin allergy
  4. April 3, 2011 - IBM: Applying semiconductor knowhow to organic nanostructures
  5. April 4, 2011 - Degradable Nanoparticles Search, Intercept and Destroy Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria
  6. April 4, 2011 - Using Nanotech to Fight Drug-Resistant Bacteria
  7. April 4, 2011 - Breakthrough for MRSA treatment found - also here
  8. April 6, 2011 - IBM Creates Nanoparticles That Burst Superbugs Like Popped Balloons
  9. April 7, 2011 - Nanoparticles successfully take down MRSA bacteria
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - Hand-held NMR instrument yields rapid analysis of human tumors
  2. March 28, 2011 - Interventional Radiology Y-90 Liver Cancer-busting Treatment: Safe, Fast, Extends Life
  3. March 28, 2011 - Potential new medicines show promise for treating colon cancer, asthma
  4. March 28, 2011 - Researchers find many elderly men are undergoing unnecessary PSA screenings
  5. March 29, 2011 - New cancer drug discovered at U-M heads to clinical trials
  6. March 29, 2011 - Benefits of Radiation Therapy Outweigh Risks of a Second Cancer: Study
  7. March 30, 2011 - Shedding light on the interaction between DNA and UVA radiation
  8. March 30, 2011 - Researchers identify promising new treatment for childhood leukemia
  9. March 31, 2011 - Attacking bowel cancer on two fronts
  10. March 31, 2011 - Study: Prostate cancer test doesn't cut death risk - also here
  11. April 1, 2011 - New tool allows for an alternate method of prostate cancer diagnosis
  12. April 1, 2011 - Screening does not reduce prostate cancer deaths
  13. April 1, 2011 - Drug combination targets aggressive triple-negative breast cancer
  14. April 1, 2011 - Soy increases radiation's ability to kill lung cancer cells, study shows
  15. April 3, 2011 - AACR: 'Hedgehog' drug shows promise against skin cancers
  16. April 3, 2011 - Team discovers new way to predict breast cancer survival and enhance effectiveness of treatment
  17. April 3, 2011 - Metabolic syndrome may increase risk for liver cancer
  18. April 3, 2011 - Avoiding or controlling diabetes may reduce cancer risk and mortality
  19. April 3, 2011 - Weight May Affect Smokers' Breast Cancer Risk - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - Indications of Alzheimer's disease may be evident decades before first signs of cognitive impairment
  2. March 28, 2011 - How culprit Alzheimer's protein wreaks havoc
  3. March 28, 2011 - Asthma drug takes care of tricky Alzheimer's enzyme
  4. March 30, 2011 - Alzheimer's-like brain changes found in cognitively normal elders with amyloid plaques
  5. April 1, 2011 - Study suggests another avenue for detecting Alzheimer's disease
  6. April 1, 2011 - Insulin could be Alzheimer's therapy
  7. April 3, 2011 - Five new genes linked to Alzheimer's
  8. April 3, 2011 - Researchers find five new Alzheimer's genes
  9. April 4, 2011 - Five new Alzheimer's risk genes found
  10. April 4, 2011 - Alzheimer's known unknowns: new genetic risk factors
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - Exercise may blunt salt's effect on hypertension
  2. March 31, 2011 - Study: Prostate cancer test doesn't cut death risk - also here
  3. April 2, 2011 - Exercise preserves, builds heart muscle
  4. April 3, 2011 - Vitamin D levels linked with health of blood vessels
  5. April 3, 2011 - Study finds routine periodic fasting is good for your health, and your heart
  6. April 3, 2011 - Study: Restless legs may be a sign of heart risks - also here
  7. April 3, 2011 - Study: Periodic fasting good for health, heart
  8. April 3, 2011 - Research says fasting may prevent heart disease
  9. April 5, 2011 - Periodic Fasting May Cut Risk of Heart Disease, Diabetes
  10. April 8, 2011 - A Day Without Food May Help Maintain a Heart Without Disease
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. March 28, 2011 - Tumors follow stem cells to bone
  2. March 29, 2011 - DNA flaws can stack up as cancer grows
  3. March 29, 2011 - Research targets way to stop brain tumor cell invasion
  4. March 31, 2011 - Mutations in tumor suppressor take other genes down with them
  5. April 2, 2011 - Fifty genome sequences reveal breast cancer's complexity
  6. April 2, 2011 - DNA of 50 breast cancer patients decoded
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. March 29, 2011 - Antibiotics wrapped in nanofibers turn resistant disease-producing bacteria into ghosts
  2. April 3, 2011 - 'Last resort' antibiotics use on the rise, study shows
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. March 29, 2011 - Chimpanzee study sheds light on natural history of HIV
  2. March 31, 2011 - HIV protein unveils vaccine target
  3. March 31, 2011 - Engineered protein fragment blocks the AIDS virus from entering cells
  4. March 31, 2011 - Study identifies promising target for AIDS vaccine
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. March 30, 2011 - Drug cocktail offers new hope for hepatitis C patients
  2. March 30, 2011 - Game changer: Hepatitis C drug may revolutionize treatment
  3. March 31, 2011 - New Drugs for Hepatitis C on the Horizon - also here
  4. March 31, 2011 - New drug boosts hepatitis C treatments
  5. March 31, 2011 - Two drugs may revolutionize treatment of hepatitis C
  6. March 31, 2011 - A 3-drug cocktail in the mix for hepatitis C
  7. April 1, 2011 - The future looks bright for HCV patients who have failed to respond to current treatments
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. March 31, 2011 - Muscular dystrophy findings fuel French stem cell debate
  2. April 1, 2011 - Why stem cells don't just want to make neurons
Background


Heritability of resistance to obesity

References:
  1. March 31, 2011 - Removing anti-obesity DNA from a mouse lineage doesn’t stop descendants from staying thin
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. March 31, 2011 - Scientists discover new drug target for inflammatory bowel disease: cytokine (IL-23)
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. April 1, 2011 - Computer network model finds Parkinson's tipping point
Background


Hepatitis B

References:
  1. April 2, 2011 - Entry inhibitors show promise as drugs with new MOA for treatment of HBV and HDV infection
Background


Cancer, stress, and telomere length

References:
  1. April 2, 2011 - Chronic stress of cancer causes accelerated telomere shortening
Background


Copyright © 2011 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved