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Volume 10, Number 13
March 28, 2011


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Earthquakes
Riemann hypothesis
Doubly special relativity
James Webb Space Telescope
Extrasolar planets
Habitability of planets of white dwarfs
Experimental test of MOND
Neutron stars
Very cool stars
Interactions between fermionic gases
Magellanic clouds
Antimatter
Black holes
Enrichment of the intercluster medium by supermassive black holes
Topological insulators
Exobiology
Early growth phase of supermassive black holes
Star-forming regions
Dark matter
Polarization of gamma-ray emissions from black holes
Galaxy clusters
Low luminosity satellite galaxies
Supernova remnants
Tests of general relativity
Global warming
Oceans and climate
Solar flares
Quark-gluon plasma
Large Hadron Collider
Paleoclimatology
Dark energy
Planetary formation
Magnetic fields and star formation

Technology

Carbon nanotubes
Nanotechnology
Hydrogen storage
Superconductivity
Graphene
Quantum computing
Quantum information
Supercomputing
Quantum measurement
Silicene
Brain-computer interface
Nanoionic atomic switches
Quantum dots
Optoelectronic integrated circuits
Plastic integrated circuits

Life sciences

Prebiotic amino acids
Control of gene expression by stretching DNA
Stress, intestinal bacteria, and immune response
Long intergenic noncoding RNA and gene regulation
Mathematical analysis of flower blooming
Neanderthal genes in humans
Spatial sorting and evolution
Production of damaged proteins
Protein folding
Biofilms
Inclusive fitness
Transfer RNA and the genetic code
Bacterial zeta toxins
Biochemistry
Heritability of epigenetic state
Mapping chromatin state dynamics
Hominid migrations
Chemical regulation of metabolism in Caenorhabditis elegans
Speciation
Bacterial resistance to radiation
Evolution and biodiversity
Rad50 motor protein and DNA repair

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Information processing in the spinal cord
Sign language and bilingualism
Serotonin and sexual preference in mice
Effects of intestinal bacteria in the brain
Rapid sensory recalibration
Brain-imaging studies
Infant recognition of grammatical rules
Effects of sleep deprivation
Evolution of brain wiring
Learning and re-enactment during sleep
Universal intelligence measurement
MicroRNA and panic disorder
Visual multiplexing
Vibration theory of smell
Neuron communication
Protein transport in neurons
Olfaction
Circadian rhythm
Ketamine psychoactivity

Health and medicine

AIDS
Tissue engineering
Cardiovascular disease
Cancer
Prions
Multiple sclerosis
Diabetes
Cancer biology
Obesity
Alzheimer's disease
Tuberculosis
Stem cells
Avian flu
Antioxidants
Parkinson's disease



Physical sciences


Earthquakes

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - Could the Recent Pacific Megaquakes Trigger a West Coast Temblor?
  2. March 21, 2011 - Japan quake loaded stress on fault closer to Tokyo - also here, here
  3. March 21, 2011 - Fault-finding coral reefs can predict the site of coming earthquakes
  4. March 21, 2011 - Blindsided by Ferocity Unleashed by a Fault
  5. March 23, 2011 - French-Turkish researchers detect early quake signals
  6. March 23, 2011 - Seeing through the cracks
  7. March 23, 2011 - First attempts to calculate Tokyo's quake risk
  8. March 27, 2011 - No long-distance risks from mega-quakes: study
  9. March 27, 2011 - Study: Big quakes don't set off others far away - also here
  10. March 28, 2011 - Major earthquakes not linked - also here
  11. March 28, 2011 - Mega-quakes don't pose long-distance threat
  12. March 28, 2011 - No link between large quakes: study
  13. March 28, 2011 - One Big Quake May Lead to Another, but Only Nearby
Background


Riemann hypothesis

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - A zero sum game
Background


Doubly special relativity

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - Doubly special relativity
Background


James Webb Space Telescope

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - Webb sunshield like an umbrella on the shores of the Universe
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - New Estimate for Alien Earths: 2 Billion in Our Galaxy Alone
  2. March 29, 2011 - Alien "Earths" Less Common Than Expected, Study Says
  3. March 30, 2011 - Astronomers Say Milky Way Has Around 2 Billion 'Earth Analog' Planets (That's the Bad News)
Background


Habitability of planets of white dwarfs

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - Life could exist around dying stars
  2. March 22, 2011 - Habitable planets and white dwarfs
  3. March 25, 2011 - Dead stars may harbour Earth-like planets
  4. March 30, 2011 - UW astrophysicist: White dwarfs could be fertile ground for other Earths
  5. April 13, 2011 - Alien Worlds Could Circle Dying White Dwarf Stars
Background


Experimental test of MOND

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - Testing gravity in gas-rich galaxies
Background


Neutron stars

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - Putting rare isotopes on the scale
Background


Very cool stars

References:
  1. March 22, 2011 - Cold 'Star' No Hotter Than a Summer's Day
  2. March 23, 2011 - The Coolest Stars Ever Found?
  3. March 23, 2011 - Coldest Failed Star Ever Discovered
  4. March 23, 2011 - Coldest Star Found - No Hotter Than Fresh Coffee
  5. March 23, 2011 - Super cold brown dwarf or is it a planet?
  6. March 23, 2011 - A very cool pair of brown dwarfs
  7. March 23, 2011 - Coldest Known Star Is a Real Misfit
  8. March 23, 2011 - Coolest stars ever discovered
  9. March 23, 2011 - Brown dwarf star likely the coldest star yet discovered
  10. March 24, 2011 - Very cool pair of brown dwarfs identified
Background


Interactions between fermionic gases

References:
  1. March 22, 2011 - Model offers icy gaze into the Big Bang
Background


Magellanic clouds

References:
  1. March 22, 2011 - Cosmic tail shows recent galactic bond
Background


Antimatter

References:
  1. March 22, 2011 - Physicists observe antihelium-4 nucleus, the heaviest antinucleus yet
  2. March 22, 2011 - Physicists create heaviest form of antimatter ever seen
  3. March 23, 2011 - New record for heaviest antimatter
  4. March 24, 2011 - Collider Generates Most Massive Antinucleus Yet
  5. March 25, 2011 - Heaviest ever antimatter discovered
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. March 22, 2011 - Research sheds new light on black holes - also here
Background


Enrichment of the intercluster medium by supermassive black holes

References:
  1. March 22, 2011 - Enriching the intracluster medium
Background


Topological insulators

References:
  1. March 22, 2011 - Bulk carriers cannot take the strain
Background


Exobiology

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - Are you a Martian? We all could be, scientists say -- and new instrument might provide proof
Background


Early growth phase of supermassive black holes

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - Ancient era of fast growth in supermassive black holes studied
Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - Space Image: Disappearing Act
  2. March 25, 2011 - Sooty Starbirth
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Dark matter signal sparks interest, but falls short of discovery
Background


Polarization of gamma-ray emissions from black holes

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Integral spots matter a millisecond from doom
  2. March 24, 2011 - Famous Black Hole Sheds New Light on Warped Space, Magnetic Fields
  3. March 25, 2011 - Black Holes Are Messy Eaters
  4. March 25, 2011 - Magnetic fields offer black hole escape route
Background


Galaxy clusters

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Suzaku shows clearest picture yet of Perseus Galaxy Cluster
  2. March 24, 2011 - Satellite Snaps Clearest Picture of Perseus Galaxy Cluster
  3. March 25, 2011 - Best image of Perseus galaxy cluster captured
Background


Low luminosity satellite galaxies

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Invisible Milky Way Satellite Uncovered With Help from NERSC
Background, Background


Supernova remnants

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Exploding stars and stripes - also here
  2. March 25, 2011 - Striped Pom-Pom
  3. March 25, 2011 - Exploded Star's 'Stripes' Hold Clue to Cosmic Mystery
  4. March 25, 2011 - Tycho's supernova remnant shows its stripes
  5. March 28, 2011 - Rare X-ray stripes reveal supernova secrets
Background


Tests of general relativity

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Image: Einstein's theory fights off challengers
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Measurements of winter Arctic sea ice shows continuing ice loss: study
  2. March 25, 2011 - Another bad winter for Arctic ice
  3. March 25, 2011 - Scientists predict Arctic could be ice-free within decades
Background


Oceans and climate

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Study finds wind speeds rose over world's oceans
  2. March 24, 2011 - World's wind and waves have been rising for decades
  3. March 25, 2011 - Wind and waves growing across globe: study
  4. March 25, 2011 - Antarctic icebergs play a previously unknown role in global carbon cycle, climate - also here
  5. March 25, 2011 - Large-scale assessment of the Arctic Ocean: Significant increase in freshwater content since 1990s
  6. March 28, 2011 - Earth Getting Mysteriously Windier
  7. March 28, 2011 - Wind speed and ocean wave height rising
Background, Background


Solar flares

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Sun Eruption Creates Spectacular Plasma Tentacle
  2. March 25, 2011 - Ring of Fire
Background


Quark-gluon plasma

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - A melting pot of protons
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - LHC Report: A new luminosity record
Background


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. March 25, 2011 - The 8,000-year-old climate puzzle
  2. March 29, 2011 - Climate meddling dates back 8,000 years
Background


Dark energy

References:
  1. March 25, 2011 - China to Tune in to the Music of Dark Energy
Background


Planetary formation

References:
  1. March 25, 2011 - New theory of planetary formation may explain variety
  2. March 27, 2011 - Study provides new evidence about beginnings of the solar system
  3. March 30, 2011 - Earth grew from 'candy floss' rocks
  4. April 8, 2011 - Primordial dust forms cosmic fairy floss
Background


Magnetic fields and star formation

References:
  1. March 25, 2011 - Magnetic fields in interstellar clouds
Background



Technology


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - A neat trick for strengthening carbon nanotube yarns
  2. March 22, 2011 - Cheap catalyst made easy
  3. March 23, 2011 - Researchers create self-strengthening nanocomposite
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - Transistor performance improves due to quantum confinement effects
  2. March 23, 2011 - The 'coolest' semiconductor nanowires
  3. March 25, 2011 - Flipping the World's Smallest Light Switch
  4. March 25, 2011 - Major advance in understanding how nanowires form
Background


Hydrogen storage

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - Scientists discover recycling method to advance fuel cell practicality
  2. March 21, 2011 - Researchers make advances in rechargeable solid hydrogen fuel storage tanks
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - Stripes 'play key role' in superconductivity
  2. March 24, 2011 - High-temperature superconductor spills secret: A new phase of matter - also here
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - Templated growth technique produces graphene nanoribbons with metallic properties
  2. March 21, 2011 - Graphene with a twist
  3. March 23, 2011 - Creating quantum dots from buckyballs
  4. March 25, 2011 - Shedding more light on graphene
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. March 22, 2011 - Quantum computing device hints at powerful future
  2. March 23, 2011 - A quantum pen for single atoms
  3. March 24, 2011 - Single atom quantum memories are easier to access
Background


Quantum information

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - Diamond could store quantum information - also here
  2. March 28, 2011 - Physicists Find New Way to Store Quantum Information in Impure Diamonds
  3. March 29, 2011 - Scientists take another step towards quantum computing using flawed diamonds
Background


Supercomputing

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - 20 petaflops: New supercomputer for Oak Ridge facility to regain speed lead over the Chinese
  2. March 23, 2011 - Rome Lab's supercomputer is made up of 1,700 off-the-shelf PlayStation 3 gaming consoles
Background


Quantum measurement

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - Best-ever quantum measurement breaks Heisenberg limit
  2. March 24, 2011 - Quantum probe beats Heisenberg limit
Background, Background


Silicene

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Silicene: It could be the new graphene
Background


Brain-computer interface

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - BrainGate neural interface system reaches 1,000-day performance milestone - also here
  2. March 25, 2011 - Brain-computer implant has passed 1000-day milestone
Background


Nanoionic atomic switches

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Atomic switches: Ionic computing
Background


Quantum dots

References:
  1. March 25, 2011 - Quantum dots could make solar panels more efficient - also here
Background


Optoelectronic integrated circuits

References:
  1. March 25, 2011 - Silicon, nitride LEDs integrated onto a single chip for one-bit digital counters
Background


Plastic integrated circuits

References:
  1. March 25, 2011 - The First Plastic Computer Processor
Background



Life sciences


Prebiotic amino acids

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - Long-Neglected Experiment Gives New Clues to Origin of Life
  2. March 21, 2011 - Volcanic origin of proteins?
  3. March 21, 2011 - Primordial Soup's Missing Ingredient May Be Sulfur
  4. March 21, 2011 - 'Lost' samples from famous origin of life researcher could send search for first life in new direction - also here
Background


Control of gene expression by stretching DNA

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - Want to silence a gene? Pull here
Background


Stress, intestinal bacteria, and immune response

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - Stress affects the balance of bacteria in the gut and immune response
Background


Long intergenic noncoding RNA and gene regulation

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - Researchers discover molecular determinant of cell identity
Background, Background


Mathematical analysis of flower blooming

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - From a mismatch in growth, a flower blooms
  2. March 21, 2011 - How the lily blooms: A mathematical perspective
Background


Neanderthal genes in humans

References:
  1. March 22, 2011 - Europe and China have different Neandertal genes
Background


Spatial sorting and evolution

References:
  1. March 22, 2011 - Toads point to new mechanism for evolution
  2. March 23, 2011 - Speedy toads advance theory of evolution
  3. March 24, 2011 - At the Edge of Invasion, Possible New Rules for Evolution
Background


Production of damaged proteins

References:
  1. March 22, 2011 - New aging cause revealed by test tube
Background


Protein folding

References:
  1. March 22, 2011 - New model of protein folding helps researchers handle flood of genomic data - also here
Background


Biofilms

References:
  1. March 22, 2011 - Biofilm reorganization: Back to the theoretical drawing board
Background


Inclusive fitness

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - Researchers Challenge E. O. Wilson Over Evolutionary Theory
  2. March 23, 2011 - Row over kin selection continues
Background


Transfer RNA and the genetic code

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - Scientists get glimpse of how the 'code' of life may have emerged
Background, Background


Bacterial zeta toxins

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - Bacteria poison themselves from within
Background


Biochemistry

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - New method for preparation of high-energy carbon-carbon double bonds
Background


Heritability of epigenetic state

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - Traumatizing your DNA: Researcher warns that it isn't 'all in the genes'
Background


Mapping chromatin state dynamics

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - Epigenomic findings illuminate veiled variants
Background, Background


Hominid migrations

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Hand ax innovators reached South Asia earlier than thought
  2. March 25, 2011 - Stone cutting tools link early humans to prehistoric India
Background


Chemical regulation of metabolism in Caenorhabditis elegans

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Making skinny worms fat, fat worms skinny
Background


Speciation

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - New analysis uses network theory to model speciation
Background


Bacterial resistance to radiation

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Mutant microbes test radiation resistance
Background, Background


Evolution and biodiversity

References:
  1. March 27, 2011 - Research shows not only the fittest survive
Background


Rad50 motor protein and DNA repair

References:
  1. March 27, 2011 - Structure of DNA repair complex reveals workings of powerful cell motor
Background, Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Information processing in the spinal cord

References:
  1. March 22, 2011 - Spinal cord processes information just like areas of the brain
Background


Sign language and bilingualism

References:
  1. March 22, 2011 - Sign language users read words and see signs simultaneously - also here
Background


Serotonin and sexual preference in mice

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - Brain chemical influences sexual preference in mice
  2. March 23, 2011 - Serotonin-lacking male mice not picky about sex of their mates
  3. March 25, 2011 - Serotonin plays active role in the sexual preference of mice
Background


Effects of intestinal bacteria in the brain

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - 'Knowing it in your gut' is real
Background, Background


Rapid sensory recalibration

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - Study examines how brain corrects perceptual errors
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - Researchers find similarities in brain activity for both habits and goals
Background


Infant recognition of grammatical rules

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - Italian for beginners: Four-month-olds can detect grammatical rules in new language
Background


Effects of sleep deprivation

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - All-nighters can bring on euphoria, risky behavior
Background


Evolution of brain wiring

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - The evolution of brain wiring: Navigating to the neocortex
Background


Learning and re-enactment during sleep

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Sleepwalkers Replay Day's Learning
  2. March 24, 2011 - Sleepwalkers may be replaying the day's learning
  3. March 27, 2011 - Study Finds Sleepwalkers Learn as They Go Through the Motions
  4. March 28, 2011 - Replaying our days learning in our sleep
Background, Background


Universal intelligence measurement

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Universal tests of intelligence
Background


MicroRNA and panic disorder

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Micro-RNA's contribute to risk for panic disorder
Background, Background


Visual multiplexing

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Multiplexing in the visual brain
Background


Vibration theory of smell

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Quantum physics explanation for smell gains traction
  2. March 28, 2011 - Quantum explanation for how we smell gets new support
Background


Neuron communication

References:
  1. March 25, 2011 - Researchers detail how neurons decide how to transmit information - also here
Background


Protein transport in neurons

References:
  1. March 25, 2011 - Motors on a mission
Background


Olfaction

References:
  1. March 25, 2011 - Researchers unlock new secret to how smells are detected
Background


Circadian rhythm

References:
  1. March 25, 2011 - Experimental work proves theory that circadian body clock requires delay to function properly
Background


Ketamine psychoactivity

References:
  1. March 26, 2011 - Ketamine users particularly prone to bizarre physical experiences
Background



Health and medicine


AIDS

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - Piggyback Virus Could Curb HIV Pandemic
Background


Tissue engineering

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - Sea pork 'nanowhiskers' may grow human muscle tissue
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - A dose of safflower oil each day might help keep heart disease at bay
  2. March 22, 2011 - Load up on fiber now, avoid heart disease later
  3. March 22, 2011 - Sex can be heart attack trigger for couch potatoes - also here
  4. March 23, 2011 - Sex really can be deadly, study finds
  5. March 23, 2011 - Why salad helps you say yes to 'NO'
  6. March 24, 2011 - Harvard Toenail Study Shows Heart Benefits From Fish Beat Risk of Mercury
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - Cancer drug found hiding in sunflower seed protein
  2. March 22, 2011 - Counting cancer cells to improve treatment
  3. March 22, 2011 - Ready-to-eat meat products contain few cancerous compounds: study
  4. March 23, 2011 - Mutations block lung-cancer treatment
  5. March 23, 2011 - Arthritis drug could help beat melanoma skin cancer
  6. March 23, 2011 - Statins make radiation more effective at curing prostate cancer
  7. March 24, 2011 - New lead on deadly pancreatic cancer
  8. March 24, 2011 - Good News About a Very Bad Cancer
  9. March 24, 2011 - Researchers uncover novel immune therapy for pancreatic cancer
  10. March 24, 2011 - Life work culminates in testing of cancer therapy in humans
  11. March 25, 2011 - Team identifies new colon cancer marker
  12. March 25, 2011 - UCLA's cancer 'roadmap' could help combat resistance to targeted drug therapies
  13. March 25, 2011 - FDA clears first melanoma drug to extend life - also here
  14. March 25, 2011 - FDA approves new treatment for a type of late-stage skin cancer
  15. March 27, 2011 - Breast cancer prevention drugs 'should be prescribed'
  16. March 28, 2011 - Melanoma drug wins US approval
Background


Prions

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - Multitarget drugs against prion diseases
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. March 21, 2011 - Multiple sclerosis: Risk factors in children
  2. March 27, 2011 - A possible new target for treatment of multiple sclerosis
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - Drug prevents Type 2 diabetes in majority of high-risk individuals
  2. March 24, 2011 - Researchers find potential new non-insulin treatment for type 1 diabetes
  3. March 24, 2011 - Diabetes drug Actos reduces risk of developing the disease
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - Zebrafish model of human melanoma reveals new cancer gene
  2. March 23, 2011 - Zebrafish offer skin cancer clues
  3. March 23, 2011 - Researchers sequence multiple myeloma genome in landmark study
  4. March 23, 2011 - Investigations show that telomerase inhibitor PinX1 is a key tumor suppressor
  5. March 23, 2011 - Prostate cancer spreads to bones by overtaking the home of blood stem cells
  6. March 24, 2011 - New research finds protein that protects cancer cells from chemo and radiation therapy
  7. March 24, 2011 - Rodents and zebrafish against cancer
  8. March 27, 2011 - Acute myeloid leukaemia genes' role discovered
  9. March 28, 2011 - Discovered: Genetic Misfires That Lead to Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - Plant oil may hold key to reducing obesity-related medical issues, researcher finds
  2. March 23, 2011 - Mother's obesity may lead to infertility in the next generation
  3. March 24, 2011 - Religious young adults become obese by middle age
  4. March 24, 2011 - Increased added sugars intake parallels trends in weight gain
  5. March 25, 2011 - Obesity messes with the brain
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. March 23, 2011 - Subjects at risk of Alzheimer's may now be able to delay the onset of their first symptoms
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Research needed to curb drug-resistant TB
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - Stem cell therapy for age-related macular degeneration -- a step closer to reality
  2. March 25, 2011 - Research may lead to new treatments for Parkinson's disease and other neurological disorders
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. March 24, 2011 - New research suggests wild birds may play a role in the spread of bird flu
Background


Antioxidants

References:
  1. March 27, 2011 - Walnuts are top nut for heart-healthy antioxidants
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. March 27, 2011 - Stanford scientists build Parkinson's disease in a dish with cells from Google founder's mom - also here
Background


Copyright © 2011 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved