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Volume 10, Number 9
February 28, 2011


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Antimatter
Ultraluminous infrared galaxies
Higgs boson
Galaxy formation and NGC 1407
Atmospheric oxygenation
Earthquakes
Formation of planetary systems
Paleoclimatology
Large Hadron Collider
Superfluidity in neutron stars
Variability of cosmological constant
Global warming
Modified Newtonian Dynamics
Quantum simulation
Quasars
Topology of the universe
Extrasolar planets
Solar magnetic activity
4 Pi Sky project
Supersymmetry
Dark matter
Wormholes
Combinatorial geometry
Solar flares

Technology

Brain-computer interface
3D bioprinters
Supercomputing
Plastic electronics
Millimeter-scale computing
Generation of single microwave photons
Nanotechnology
Quantum computing
Carbon nanotubes
Quantum dots
Lab-on-a-chip
Metamaterials
Fullerenes
Superconductivity
Optical networking
Graphene
Photovoltaics
Quantum communication
Robotics
DNA sequencing
Skrymions
Silicon photonics
Quantum spin Hall effect
Controlled fusion

Life sciences

Induced pluripotent stem cells
Neanderthals
Multicellularity in blue-green algae
Protocells
Arthropod phylogeny
Rejuvenation of heart tissue
Human aging research using induced pluripotent stem cells
Ribosome signaling and antibiotic resistance
Protein transport
DNA replication
RNA interference
Homoplasy and evolution
Stat3 and lysosomal-mediated programmed cell death

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Metacognition in monkeys
Crowd behvior
Memory and neural tagging
Brain-imaging studies
Response of dopaminergic neurons to negative experiences
Autism
Gaze-following in wolves
Depression
Bipolar disorder
Schizophrenia
Aging and memory
Excitatory and inhibitory neurons and brain development
CAPS2, BDNF, and hippocampal neuron development
Animal sense of time
Major Histocompatibility Complex type 1 and brain development

Health and medicine

Malaria
Cardiovascular disease
Cancer
Inflammation and cancer
Cancer biology
Stem cells
Nanobiotechnology
Cardiovascular risk factors and cognitive impairment
Exercise and aging
Antibiotics
Vaccines
Inflammatory bowel disease
Prions
Alzheimer's disease
Hepatitis C
Body-mass index and mortality
Diabetes
Antioxidants
Parkinson's disease
Obesity
Weight-loss diets
AIDS



Physical sciences


Antimatter

References:
  1. February 21, 2011 - Positrons at center of recent anti-progress in matter research
  2. February 22, 2011 - Heaviest Antimatter Found; Made in U.S. Atom Smasher
Background


Ultraluminous infrared galaxies

References:
  1. February 21, 2011 - A wealth of molecules in an extreme galaxy
Background


Higgs boson

References:
  1. February 21, 2011 - The Year of the Higgs?
  2. February 22, 2011 - Higgs boson may not exist if no evidence found before 2013
Background


Galaxy formation and NGC 1407

References:
  1. February 21, 2011 - Giant galaxies akin to snowflakes in space
  2. March 5, 2011 - Largest galaxies grow up gradually like snowflakes
Background


Atmospheric oxygenation

References:
  1. February 21, 2011 - Plankton key to origin of Earth's first breathable atmosphere
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. February 22, 2011 - Dissecting New Zealand's deadly quake
  2. February 22, 2011 - Why New Zealand's Earthquake Was So Deadly
  3. February 22, 2011 - Rescuers Work to Find Survivors of a Powerful New Zealand Earthquake
  4. February 22, 2011 - Christchurch quakes may be connected
  5. February 22, 2011 - New Zealand earthquake damage illustrates risks posed by shallow crustal faults
  6. February 22, 2011 - New Zealand earthquake: Blame the ring of fire
  7. February 22, 2011 - Weaker New Zealand quake packed a deadlier punch - also here
  8. February 22, 2011 - The unknown fault that caught out Christchurch
  9. February 23, 2011 - Why Was the New Zealand Quake So Devastating?
  10. February 23, 2011 - Ground slips 1 metre as quake pummels Christchurch
  11. February 23, 2011 - Seismologist: Christchurch quake location surprising, more large quakes near city unlikely
  12. February 24, 2011 - The tectonic forces that are shredding New Zealand
Background


Formation of planetary systems

References:
  1. February 22, 2011 - Three Theories of Planet Formation Busted, Expert Says
Background


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. February 22, 2011 - 6,000-year climate record suggests longer droughts, drier climate for Pacific Northwest
  2. February 23, 2011 - Researchers study 6,000-year-long record of drought in the Pacific Northwest
  3. February 24, 2011 - Ancient catastrophic drought leads to question: How severe can climate change become? - also here
  4. February 25, 2011 - Arctic environment during an ancient bout of natural global warming
  5. February 25, 2011 - Megadroughts once reigned supreme in Southwest -- and may again
  6. February 25, 2011 - Sedimentary clues to an ancient megadrought
  7. February 28, 2011 - Dry lake reveals evidence of southwestern 'megadroughts'
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. February 22, 2011 - Will the LHC find supersymmetry?
  2. February 24, 2011 - Large Hadron Collider powers up to unravel mysteries of nature
  3. February 25, 2011 - LHC revs up for a year of new physics
Background, Background


Superfluidity in neutron stars

References:
  1. February 22, 2011 - A stellar superfluid
  2. February 23, 2011 - Chandra finds superfluid in neutron star's core
  3. February 23, 2011 - Exploded Star Reveals Strange New Matter
  4. February 24, 2011 - Superfluid Star
  5. February 24, 2011 - Superconductor found in neutron star's core
  6. February 24, 2011 - Neutron star hides superfluid heart
  7. February 25, 2011 - Neutron Star Provides Direct Evidence for Bizarre Type of Nuclear Matter
  8. February 25, 2011 - Exotic Superfluid Found in Ultra-Dense Stellar Corpse
  9. March 2, 2011 - Neutron star has superfluid core
Background


Variability of cosmological constant

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Testing the expanding Universe
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Mega-drought threat to US Southwest
  2. February 23, 2011 - Climate change halves Peru glacier: official
  3. February 23, 2011 - Limit short-term climate warming with cleaner air
  4. February 23, 2011 - Target 'black carbon' to tackle climate change, recommends UN
  5. February 25, 2011 - The rise in sea level of the Mediterranean is accelerating
Background


Modified Newtonian Dynamics

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Gas rich galaxies confirm prediction of modified gravity theory - also here
  2. February 25, 2011 - More Evidence Against Dark Matter?
  3. February 25, 2011 - Dark matter theory challenged by gassy galaxies result
  4. February 26, 2011 - Dark Matter: Just Fine, Thanks
Background


Quantum simulation

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Researchers realize a toolbox for open-system quantum simulation
Background


Quasars

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - Quasar's belch solves longstanding mystery - also here
  2. March 2, 2011 - Ravenous Giant Black Holes Can Stunt Their Own Growth
  3. March 4, 2011 - Black Hole Off Switch
Background


Topology of the universe

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - Research opens doors for flat universe society
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - Planet Formation in Action?
  2. February 24, 2011 - Birth of an Alien Planet Possibly Detected Near Young Star
  3. February 24, 2011 - Two planets found sharing one orbit
  4. February 25, 2011 - Scientists see the birth of a new planet
  5. February 25, 2011 - Mission to extra-solar planets approved
  6. March 2, 2011 - Birth of a baby planet
Background


Solar magnetic activity

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - Solar experts detect waves in giant magnetic holes the size of the UK
Background


4 Pi Sky project

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - Telescope team plans to track the whole sky
Background


Supersymmetry

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - LHC not yet a supersymmetry killer
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. February 25, 2011 - Radioactivity challenges dark-matter detector
Background


Wormholes

References:
  1. February 25, 2011 - Scientists investigate the possibility of wormholes between stars
  2. March 4, 2011 - Stellar wormholes may exist
Background


Combinatorial geometry

References:
  1. February 25, 2011 - Mathematician credited with solving one of combinatorial geometry's most challenging problems
Background


Solar flares

References:
  1. April 26, 2011 - 'Monster' Solar Storm Erupts On the Sun
Background



Technology


Brain-computer interface

References:
  1. February 21, 2011 - Putting your brain in the drivers seat
  2. February 21, 2011 - Mind control puts you in charge of driverless cars
Background


3D bioprinters

References:
  1. February 21, 2011 - Hot Off the Presses, New Skin for Burn Victims
  2. February 24, 2011 - 3D bio-printers to print skin and body parts
Background


Supercomputing

References:
  1. February 21, 2011 - DOE Research Group Makes Case for Exascale
Background


Plastic electronics

References:
  1. February 22, 2011 - New plastics can conduct electricity
  2. February 22, 2011 - Organic chips - not just in your kitchen anymore
Background


Millimeter-scale computing

References:
  1. February 22, 2011 - Toward computers that fit on a pen tip
Background


Generation of single microwave photons

References:
  1. February 22, 2011 - Breakthrough for photons in the microwave frequency range
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. February 22, 2011 - Researchers discover new way to design metal nanoparticle catalysts
  2. February 22, 2011 - Smallest magnetic field sensor in the world developed
  3. February 22, 2011 - 3D nanoparticle in atomic resolution
  4. February 23, 2011 - Simpler way of making proteins could lead to new nanomedicine agents
  5. February 23, 2011 - A sculpture you can't see: the chemistry behind the art
  6. February 23, 2011 - Nanowire research at Stevens makes cover of Applied Physics Letters
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Atomic antennae transmit quantum information across microchip - also here
  2. February 23, 2011 - Researchers entice two atoms to swap smallest energy units
  3. February 23, 2011 - Physicists couple oscillating ions
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Metallic molecules to nanotubes: Spread out!
Background


Quantum dots

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Etched quantum dots shape up as single photon emitters
  2. February 25, 2011 - Direct electronic readout of 'artificial atoms'
Background


Lab-on-a-chip

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Handheld nanoLAB detects disease proteins in minutes
Background


Metamaterials

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - One-way sound
Background


Fullerenes

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Carbon buckyballs can turn to jelly
  2. February 24, 2011 - Putting the bounce in carbon balls
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - Researchers find magnetic link to high-temperature superconductivity
Background


Optical networking

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - New architecture for optical fiber networks proposed
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - Nonvolatile memory based on ferroelectric-graphene field-effect transistors is now a step closer to reality
  2. February 25, 2011 - Physicists develop scalable method for making graphene
  3. February 25, 2011 - Researcher investigates new material grown from sugar
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - Field researchers using the latest developments in nanotechnology to work on very small solar cells
Background


Quantum communication

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - Entanglement cuts through the noise
Background


Robotics

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - Automaton, Know Thyself: Robots Become Self-Aware
Background


DNA sequencing

References:
  1. February 25, 2011 - Whole-Genome sequencing simulated on supercomputers
Background


Skrymions

References:
  1. February 25, 2011 - Vortices get organized
Background, Background


Silicon photonics

References:
  1. February 25, 2011 - Nanofabrication tools may make silicon optical chips more accessible
Background


Quantum spin Hall effect

References:
  1. February 25, 2011 - Electrons Curve without Help
Background


Controlled fusion

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Big science in a small space
Background



Life sciences


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. February 21, 2011 - Reprogrammed stem cells hit a roadblock
Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. February 21, 2011 - Did Neanderthals use feathers for fashion?
  2. February 23, 2011 - Evidence Neanderthals used feathers for decoration
Background


Multicellularity in blue-green algae

References:
  1. February 22, 2011 - Multicellular evolution not linear
Background


Protocells

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Oil droplets mimic early life
Background


Arthropod phylogeny

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - 'Walking cactus' is arthropods' lost relative
  2. February 23, 2011 - How Arthropods Got Their Armor
  3. February 23, 2011 - Meet Diania the walking cactus, an early cousin of life's great winners
  4. February 23, 2011 - 520 Million-Year-Old 'Walking Cactus' Could Be Forerunner of Arthropods
  5. February 23, 2011 - Wormlike "Walking Cactus" Fossil Found
  6. February 23, 2011 - 'Walking cactus' rewrites arthropod odyssey
  7. February 23, 2011 - First animal to wear exoskeleton armour
  8. February 24, 2011 - Ancient fossil sheds light on early evolution of body armor
  9. February 24, 2011 - Walking cactus gives arthropod evolution a leg-up
  10. February 24, 2011 - Ancient bug a 'walking cactus'
Background, Background


Rejuvenation of heart tissue

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Young mammal hearts heal themselves
  2. February 24, 2011 - Damaged hearts could one day repair themselves, mouse study suggests
  3. February 24, 2011 - Scientists Say Newborn Mice Can Regrow Damaged Hearts
  4. February 24, 2011 - In a First, Newborn Mice Regenerate Their Damaged Hearts
  5. February 24, 2011 - Newborn heart muscle can grow back by itself
  6. February 24, 2011 - Newborn mice regrow lost heart muscle. Could we?
  7. February 24, 2011 - Newborn mice can mend a broken heart
  8. February 28, 2011 - Newborn mice can fix their broken hearts
Background


Human aging research using induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Aging, interrupted
Background, Background


Ribosome signaling and antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - New finding in ribosome signaling may lead to improved antibiotics
Background, Background


Protein transport

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Proteins find their way with address label and guide
Background


DNA replication

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - Collisions of protein machines cause DNA replication derailment - also here
Background


RNA interference

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - New method powerfully boosts efficiency of RNA interference (RNAi) in shutting down genes
Background


Homoplasy and evolution

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - Homoplasy: A Good Thread to Pull to Understand the Evolutionary Ball of Yarn
Background


Stat3 and lysosomal-mediated programmed cell death

References:
  1. February 25, 2011 - New cell death mechanism has implications for breast cancer treatments
Background, Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Metacognition in monkeys

References:
  1. February 21, 2011 - Monkeys 'display self-doubt' like humans
  2. February 22, 2011 - Monkeys demonstrate self-awareness in computer game
  3. February 23, 2011 - Researcher reports on animals' reflective minds
Background


Crowd behvior

References:
  1. February 22, 2011 - The mathematics of fish schools and flocks of humans
Background, Background


Memory and neural tagging

References:
  1. February 22, 2011 - Rats reveal instant action in memory storage
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. February 22, 2011 - Brain doesn't need vision at all in order to 'read' material
  2. February 22, 2011 - Crying baby draws blunted response in depressed mom's brain
  3. February 25, 2011 - Brain imaging provides window into consciousness
  4. February 25, 2011 - Does the comfort of conformity ease thoughts of death?
Background


Response of dopaminergic neurons to negative experiences

References:
  1. February 22, 2011 - Brain's 'reward' center also responds to bad experiences
Background


Autism

References:
  1. February 22, 2011 - Brain Waves Detect Babies' Potential Risk of Autism
  2. February 24, 2011 - Serotonin plays role in many autism cases, studies confirm
Background


Gaze-following in wolves

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Wolves Can Follow a Human's Gaze
  2. February 23, 2011 - Wolves are able to follow a human's gaze
Background


Depression

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Hyperactive nerve cells may contribute to depression
Background


Bipolar disorder

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - A new clue to the genetics of bipolar disorder: Piccolo
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Discovery of new gene mutation in schizophrenia offers target for drug therapies
  2. February 24, 2011 - Rare gene glitch may hold clues for schizophrenia
Background


Aging and memory

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - Making the 'irrelevant' relevant to understand memory and aging
Background


Excitatory and inhibitory neurons and brain development

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - Researchers learn more about interactions in the cortex
Background


CAPS2, BDNF, and hippocampal neuron development

References:
  1. February 25, 2011 - Secretions of the mind
Background


Animal sense of time

References:
  1. February 25, 2011 - Memory fails time-travelling chimps
Background


Major Histocompatibility Complex type 1 and brain development

References:
  1. February 25, 2011 - Immune molecule regulates brain connections
Background



Health and medicine


Malaria

References:
  1. February 21, 2011 - Seaweed a Source of Potential Antimalarial Drug
  2. February 21, 2011 - Antifungal compound found on tropical seaweed has promising antimalarial properties
  3. February 21, 2011 - Floating spores kill malaria mosquito larvae
  4. February 22, 2011 - Seaweed offers clues against malaria
  5. February 24, 2011 - A Fungal 'Vaccine' for Malaria-Carrying Mosquitoes
  6. February 24, 2011 - Fungus fights malaria?
  7. February 24, 2011 - Transgenic fungi can combat malaria, other bug-borne diseases: study
  8. February 25, 2011 - Lab-engineered organism fights malaria
  9. February 25, 2011 - Mosquito-Attacking Fungus Engineered to Block Malaria - also here
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. February 21, 2011 - Increasing triglyceride levels linked to greater stroke risk
  2. February 22, 2011 - Scientists identify new marker for heart disease
  3. February 23, 2011 - Drinking alcohol in moderation protects against heart disease: BMJ study
  4. February 23, 2011 - New hypothesis explains why drugs increase risk of heart attacks and strokes
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. February 21, 2011 - Fighting cancer across the disciplines
  2. February 21, 2011 - How absent reoviruses kill cancer
  3. February 22, 2011 - Higher vitamin D intake needed to reduce cancer risk
  4. February 22, 2011 - New technology pinpoints genetic differences between cancer and non-cancer patients
  5. February 22, 2011 - Compound used to block cholesterol could also kill breast cancer, researcher finds
  6. February 23, 2011 - Cancer Diagnosis by Smart Phone
  7. February 23, 2011 - Lasers ID deadly skin cancer better than doctors
  8. February 24, 2011 - Smartphone app for cancer diagnosis may be on the way
  9. February 24, 2011 - PSA velocity screening for prostate cancer may lead to unnecessary biopsies
  10. February 24, 2011 - Gene expression to distinguish metastasizing from non-metastasizing head and neck cancers
  11. February 24, 2011 - New approach to adding study drug to chemo for melanoma treatment
  12. February 24, 2011 - Study: PSA rise not good prostate cancer predictor - also here
  13. February 25, 2011 - Oncogene AEG-1 strongly predicts response to erlotinib treatment in EGFR-mutant lung cancer
  14. February 25, 2011 - Quick, easy test identifies aggressive type of lung cancer in never-smokers
  15. February 25, 2011 - Bone drug zoledronic acid may help prevent spread of early lung cancer
  16. February 25, 2011 - Rituximab and fludarabine produce long-term remissions in CLL
  17. February 26, 2011 - Smartphone app that helps doctors detect cancer
  18. February 27, 2011 - Prostate Guideline Causes Many Needless Biopsies, Study Says
  19. May 23, 2011 - Optical pump-probe diagnosis for melanoma?
Background


Inflammation and cancer

References:
  1. February 21, 2011 - Protein fuels inflammation in pancreatic and breast tumors
Background, Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. February 21, 2011 - Warring molecules keep the colon cancer-free
  2. February 22, 2011 - Cancer-causing virus exploits key cell-survival proteins
  3. February 22, 2011 - Pathway transforms normal cells into aggressive tumors
  4. February 25, 2011 - Protein and microRNA block cellular transition vital to metastasis
  5. February 25, 2011 - Scientists discover that self-eating cells safeguard against cancer
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. February 21, 2011 - A cardiac use for stem cells
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. February 21, 2011 - Nanotechnology may lead to new treatment of liver cancer
  2. February 22, 2011 - Nano-sized vaccines
  3. February 22, 2011 - Nanoparticles increase survival after blood loss
  4. February 23, 2011 - Virus-mimicking nanoparticles can stimulate long lasting immunity
  5. February 23, 2011 - Enabling nanoparticles to penetrate deeply in tumors
  6. February 23, 2011 - Modified RNA creates stable therapeutic nanoparticles
  7. February 23, 2011 - Nanoparticles could help deliver better vaccines
  8. February 24, 2011 - Sticky dots approved for clinical trial
Background


Cardiovascular risk factors and cognitive impairment

References:
  1. February 21, 2011 - High cholesterol and blood pressure in middle age tied to early memory problems
Background, Background


Exercise and aging

References:
  1. February 22, 2011 - Regular exercise can delay the aging process
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. February 22, 2011 - Chemical compounds in trees can fight deadly staph infections in humans
Background


Vaccines

References:
  1. February 22, 2011 - Vaccine made with synthetic gene protects against deadly pneumonia
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Common parasite uncovers key cause of Crohn's
Background


Prions

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Needle-in-a-haystack search identifies potential brain disease drug
  2. February 25, 2011 - Prion infections build quickly then pause before killing - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - Alzheimer's disease may be easily misdiagnosed
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - New vaccine technology protects mice from hepatitis C virus
Background


Body-mass index and mortality

References:
  1. February 23, 2011 - New study confirms body weight influences risk of death among Asians
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - New diabetes treatments aim for never-ending honeymoon
  2. February 24, 2011 - New research suggests that obesity and diabetes are a downside of human evolution
  3. February 25, 2011 - Scientists find a new way insulin-producing cells die
Background


Antioxidants

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - Antioxidants in pecans may contribute to heart health and disease prevention
Background, Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. February 24, 2011 - Brain imaging technique: New hope for understanding Parkinson's disease
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. February 25, 2011 - Diet and exercise restore immune function in obesity
Background


Weight-loss diets

References:
  1. February 25, 2011 - Low fat or low carb? Which is the better way to lose weight?
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. February 25, 2011 - HIV makes protein that may help virus's resurgence
Background


Copyright © 2011 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved