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Volume 9, Number 35
August 30, 2010


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Solar system formation
Gravitational constant
Pulsar timing for gravitational measurements
Global warming
Atmospheric oxygenation
Extrasolar planets
Big Bear Solar Telescope
Extraterrestrial intelligence
Modeling evolution of early supermassive black holes
Solar spicules
Continental structure
Laser Interferometer Space Antenna
Plate tectonics
Galaxy collisions
Starspots
Star-forming regions
Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy
Ring galaxies
Water on Mars
K-T mass extinction
Social network influence

Technology

Bit-patterned magnetic media
Graphene
Quantum dots
Magnetoelectric effects and magnetic data storage
Spintronics
Nanotechnology
Brain-computer interface
Photonic crystal nanobeam lasers
Grid computing
Carbon nanotubes
Quantum information
Quantum computing
Transparent conductive oxides
Quantum cryptography

Life sciences

Circadian rhythm
Induced pluripotent stem cells
DNA repair
Hsp90
Evolution
Evolution and longevity
Delayed bacterial entry to cells
Evolution of eusociality
Chromatin enzymes and gene expresion
Bacterial protein economics
Neutrophils, inflammation, and thrombosis
Molecular basis of evolutionary adaptation
Cellular lipid map
Adenovirus
Lipids and cellular pH sensing
Hsp12
Macrophages
Light signaling pathways and circadian rhythm
Early human use of arrows
Notch signaling and mammalian inner ear development

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Autism
Sign language
Decision making
Endocannabinoids and pain control
Exercise and appetite regulation
Alcohol dependence and memory
Oxytocin
Fear
Memory and neurogenesis
Memory and myosin II
Brain-imaging studies
Anesthesia and consciousness
Exercise and connectivity of brain networks
Cocaine addiction
Neuronal diversity
Schizophrenia

Health and medicine

Vitamin D and health
Beneficial effects of polyphenolics for microglia
Weight control through water consumption
Hepatitis E
Drug discovery
Nanobiotechnology
Parkinson's disease
Alzheimer's disease
AIDS
Cancer
Cancer biology
Inflammatory bowel disease
Cardiovascular disease
Lupus
Diabetes
Avian flu
Obesity
Health benefits of antioxidants
Antibiotics
Pharmacological modulation of complement system
Antibiotic resistance
Asthma
Stem cells



Physical sciences


Solar system formation

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Solar system older than we thought
  2. August 23, 2010 - Solar system older than estimated
Background


Gravitational constant

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - G-whizzes disagree over gravity
Background


Pulsar timing for gravitational measurements

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Planets Weighed Using Pulsar Flashes
  2. August 24, 2010 - Pulsar Signals Could Reveal Solar System Secrets
  3. August 24, 2010 - A new way to weigh planets - also here
  4. August 24, 2010 - Pulsar survey could help find gravitational waves
  5. August 25, 2010 - Spinning stars act like cosmic GPS
  6. August 25, 2010 - Pulsars measure up mass of planets
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Geoengineering won't curb sea-level rise
  2. August 23, 2010 - Geoengineering smackdown: how 5 methods might impact rising sea levels
  3. August 24, 2010 - Can Geoengineering Halt Sea-Level Rise?
  4. August 24, 2010 - Geo-engineering and sea-level rise over the 21st century - also here
  5. August 24, 2010 - Geoengineering 'not a solution' to sea-level rise
  6. August 25, 2010 - Asia's glaciers in retreat, could signal crop failure and flooding in the future
Background


Atmospheric oxygenation

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Ancient microbes responsible for breathing life into ocean 'deserts'
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Pulverized planet dust might lie around double stars - also here
  2. August 24, 2010 - One Star, Seven Planets
  3. August 24, 2010 - Neighboring Solar System Resembles Ours
  4. August 24, 2010 - Exoplanet System Hosts at Least 5, and Possibly 7, New Worlds
  5. August 24, 2010 - Richest planetary system discovered - also here
  6. August 24, 2010 - Alien Solar System Looks Strikingly Like Ours
  7. August 24, 2010 - At least five new planets discovered
  8. August 24, 2010 - Rich exoplanet system discovered
  9. August 24, 2010 - Worlds collide in double star systems
  10. August 24, 2010 - Experts spot smallest planet outside solar system - also here
  11. August 25, 2010 - Richest planetary system discovered
  12. August 25, 2010 - Planets Get Pulverized
  13. August 26, 2010 - Two Exoplanets in an Interactive Dance
  14. August 26, 2010 - With Two New Saturns, Kepler Starts Its 'Top 400' Countdown
  15. August 26, 2010 - Planet Hunters Bag Systems With Super-Earths and Double Saturns
  16. August 26, 2010 - New Planet System Found - May Have Hidden "Super Earth"
  17. August 26, 2010 - Kepler mission discovers two planets transiting same star - also here
  18. August 26, 2010 - 5 Intriguing Earth-Sized Planets
  19. August 26, 2010 - Newfound Alien Planets May Include Smallest One Yet
  20. August 26, 2010 - Two Saturn-sized planets discovered
  21. August 26, 2010 - Kepler spies Saturn-sized worlds
  22. August 26, 2010 - Telescope Detects Possible Earth-Size Planet
  23. August 27, 2010 - Water-Ice Super-Earths
  24. August 30, 2010 - Goldilocks planet Gliese 581g reaction round-up
  25. August 31, 2010 - Still no Earths, but getting closer
  26. September 8, 2010 - When Worlds Collide, Chances for Alien Life Dwindle
Background


Big Bear Solar Telescope

References:
  1. August 24, 2010 - See Amazing New Sun Images From NJIT's Big Bear Solar Observatory - also here
  2. August 25, 2010 - Big Bear's Big New Eye
Background, Background


Extraterrestrial intelligence

References:
  1. August 24, 2010 - SETI may be looking in the wrong places: astronomer
Background


Modeling evolution of early supermassive black holes

References:
  1. August 25, 2010 - When galaxies collide: How the first super-massive black holes were born
  2. August 25, 2010 - First super-massive black holes were born 'soon' after Big Bang
  3. August 25, 2010 - Super-Sized Black Holes Traced to Collisions of Earliest Galaxies
  4. August 25, 2010 - Supermassive Black Holes Formed by Colliding Primordial Galaxies
  5. August 25, 2010 - Early development of supermassive black holes
  6. August 25, 2010 - Supercomputer clue to black holes
  7. August 26, 2010 - Black holes formed soon after Big Bang
  8. August 26, 2010 - Supermassive black holes spawned by galactic merger
  9. August 26, 2010 - Behemoth Black Holes Were Born in Violent Galactic Collisions
Background, Background, Background, Background


Solar spicules

References:
  1. August 25, 2010 - Sunny Spikes
Background


Continental structure

References:
  1. August 25, 2010 - North American continent is a layer cake, scientists discover - also here
Background


Laser Interferometer Space Antenna

References:
  1. August 25, 2010 - Measuring the universe
Background


Plate tectonics

References:
  1. August 26, 2010 - New View of Tectonic Plates - also here, here
Background


Galaxy collisions

References:
  1. August 26, 2010 - Galactic Collisions Spread the Wealth
Background


Starspots

References:
  1. August 26, 2010 - Distant star's sound waves reveal cycle similar to the Sun's - also here
  2. August 26, 2010 - Distant Star's Sound Waves Reveal Cycle Similar to Sun
  3. August 26, 2010 - Sound Waves on Distant Star Reveal Sun-Like Cycle
Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. August 26, 2010 - WISE Captures the Unicorn's Rose - also here, here
  2. August 27, 2010 - New Cosmic Photo Reveals Eye-Catching Rosette Nebula
Background


Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy

References:
  1. August 26, 2010 - NASA's SOFIA will likely help solve mysteries about our galaxy
Background


Ring galaxies

References:
  1. August 27, 2010 - A strange ring galaxy
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. October 27, 2010 - Young Mars Crater Contains Water Ice, Photo Shows
Background


K-T mass extinction

References:
  1. August 27, 2010 - Double space strike 'caused dinosaur extinction'
  2. August 31, 2010 - Study suggests dinosaurs killed off by more than one asteroid
Background


Social network influence

References:
  1. August 29, 2010 - Location determines social network influence, study finds
Background



Technology


Bit-patterned magnetic media

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Toshiba makes a breakthrough in hard-drive capacity
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Scientists explain graphene mystery
Background


Quantum dots

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - New atom-scale products on horizon
Background


Magnetoelectric effects and magnetic data storage

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Powerful new way to control magnetism
  2. August 23, 2010 - Towards colossal magnetoelectricity?
  3. August 24, 2010 - Half-a-loaf method can improve magnetic memories
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. August 24, 2010 - 'Spintronics' breakthrough holds promise for next-generation computers - also here
  2. August 26, 2010 - Prediction of intrinsic magnetism at silicon surfaces could lead to single-spin magnetoelectronics
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. August 24, 2010 - Small Size -- Huge Potential
  2. August 24, 2010 - New architectures for nano brushes: Bitty structures can be tailored in many shapes
Background


Brain-computer interface

References:
  1. August 25, 2010 - Thought-controlled computers on the way: Intel
Background


Photonic crystal nanobeam lasers

References:
  1. August 25, 2010 - Creating light sources for nanochips
Background


Grid computing

References:
  1. August 25, 2010 - NICS to add more than 300 Teraflops to the NSF’s computing capacity
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. August 26, 2010 - A versatile, clean and efficient way to enhance widespread application of carbon nanotubes
Background


Quantum information

References:
  1. August 27, 2010 - Quantum Physicists Dream Up Smallest Possible Refrigerator
  2. August 27, 2010 - Physicists propose way to build ‘refrigerator’ using just a handful of particles
  3. August 30, 2010 - Tiny Fridge Gets Near Absolute Zero
  4. September 1, 2010 - Physicists propose quantum refrigerator
  5. September 3, 2010 - The smallest possible refrigerator - also here
  6. September 10, 2010 - Physicists Devise a Quantum Particle "Refrigerator"
  7. September 10, 2010 - World's Tiniest Refrigerator Is 1 Qutrit
  8. October 1, 2010 - The world's smallest fridge
  9. October 3, 2010 - A fridge small enough to chill quantum bottles of beer
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. August 27, 2010 - Diamonds are a supercomputer's best friend
Background


Transparent conductive oxides

References:
  1. August 27, 2010 - Designer optoelectronics - quantum mechanics for new materials
Background


Quantum cryptography

References:
  1. August 29, 2010 - Hackers blind quantum cryptographers
  2. August 29, 2010 - Vulnerability in commercial quantum cryptography
  3. August 29, 2010 - Quantum code breakers succeed
  4. September 5, 2010 - Quantum key distribution in superposition of "insecure" and "unneeded"
Background



Life sciences


Circadian rhythm

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Hair Follicles Track the Body's Clock
  2. August 23, 2010 - Your Hair Reveals Whether You're a Morning Person
  3. August 24, 2010 - Chronic drinking can disrupt circadian rhythms
Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Stem cell first: Creating induced pluripotent stem cells
  2. August 25, 2010 - Liver cells created from patients' skin cells
  3. August 27, 2010 - Stem Cells from Reprogrammed Adult Cells Found to Bring Along Genetic Defects of Their Donors
Background


DNA repair

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Researchers discover key protein involved in DNA repair
  2. August 26, 2010 - DNA repair changes with the flip of a switch
Background


Hsp90

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Researchers demonstrate rocking movement in the anti-stress protein Hsp90
Background


Evolution

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Space is the final frontier for evolution, study claims
Background


Evolution and longevity

References:
  1. August 24, 2010 - 'Grandmother hypothesis' takes a hit
Background, Background


Delayed bacterial entry to cells

References:
  1. August 24, 2010 - Bacterial pathogens delay their entry into cells
Background


Evolution of eusociality

References:
  1. August 25, 2010 - Altruism can be explained by natural selection
  2. August 25, 2010 - Scientists say natural selection alone can explain eusociality - also here
  3. August 26, 2010 - Analysis: biologists slam kin selection heretics
  4. August 26, 2010 - E.O. Wilson Proposes New Theory of Social Evolution
  5. August 26, 2010 - Kin selection is dead, says E.O. Wilson
  6. August 26, 2010 - Analysis: biologists slam kin selection heretics
  7. August 30, 2010 - Scientists Square Off on Evolutionary Value of Helping Relatives
  8. September 1, 2010 - Prominent scientists dispute kinship's role in self-sacrifice among highly social creatures - also here
Background, Background, Background


Chromatin enzymes and gene expresion

References:
  1. August 25, 2010 - Scientists develop the first atomic view of key genetic processes
Background, Background


Bacterial protein economics

References:
  1. August 25, 2010 - Bacteria make thrift a habit, researchers find - also here, here
  2. September 1, 2010 - Frugal microbes reduce the cost of proteins
Background


Neutrophils, inflammation, and thrombosis

References:
  1. August 25, 2010 - NETs catch platelets and induce clots, linking inflammation with thrombosis
Background


Molecular basis of evolutionary adaptation

References:
  1. August 25, 2010 - Study measures physical effects of evolution at molecular scale
Background


Cellular lipid map

References:
  1. August 25, 2010 - Where the fat's at: Scientists create novel map of lipid locations in a single cell
Background


Adenovirus

References:
  1. August 26, 2010 - Scientists unveil structure of adenovirus, the largest high-resolution complex ever found
Background


Lipids and cellular pH sensing

References:
  1. August 26, 2010 - Fat serves as cells' built-in pH sensor: research
Background


Hsp12

References:
  1. August 26, 2010 - Stress protein Hsp12 provides a cellular survival mechanism never seen before
Background


Macrophages

References:
  1. August 26, 2010 - Macrophages: The 'defense' cells that help throughout the body
Background


Light signaling pathways and circadian rhythm

References:
  1. August 26, 2010 - Light, circadian rhythms affect vast range of physiological, behavioral functions
Background, Background


Early human use of arrows

References:
  1. August 26, 2010 - Oldest evidence of arrows found
Background


Notch signaling and mammalian inner ear development

References:
  1. August 27, 2010 - Tuning into cell signals that tell where sensory organs will form inside the ear
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Autism

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Researchers connect APC protein to autism and mental retardation
  2. August 25, 2010 - Psychology professor studies structural basis for autism disorders
  3. August 26, 2010 - Autism and schizophrenia: Scientists measure gene mutation rate
Background


Sign language

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Sign language speakers' hands, mouths operate separately
Background


Decision making

References:
  1. August 24, 2010 - Brain 'hardware' key to flexible decisions
Background, Background


Endocannabinoids and pain control

References:
  1. August 24, 2010 - New study sheds light on painkilling system in brain
Background


Exercise and appetite regulation

References:
  1. August 24, 2010 - A case for exercising
Background, Background


Alcohol dependence and memory

References:
  1. August 24, 2010 - Alcohol dependence damages both episodic memory and awareness of memory
Background, Background


Oxytocin

References:
  1. August 24, 2010 - Study suggests oxytocin makes people trusting, but not gullible
Background


Fear

References:
  1. August 25, 2010 - Freeze or run? Not that simple: Scientists discover neural switch that controls fear
Background


Memory and neurogenesis

References:
  1. August 25, 2010 - Scientists find first link in humans between memory and nerve cell production - also here, here
Background


Memory and myosin II

References:
  1. August 25, 2010 - Scientists uncover new mechanism of memory formation
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. August 25, 2010 - Major moral decisions use general-purpose brain circuits to manage uncertainty - also here
Background


Anesthesia and consciousness

References:
  1. August 26, 2010 - Study sheds light on how the brain shifts between sleep/awake states under anesthesia
Background, Background


Exercise and connectivity of brain networks

References:
  1. August 26, 2010 - Walking boosts brain connectivity, function - also here
  2. August 27, 2010 - Walking for 40 minutes three times a week can make you smarter
Background


Cocaine addiction

References:
  1. August 26, 2010 - Experimental treatments for cocaine addiction may prevent relapse
Background


Neuronal diversity

References:
  1. August 29, 2010 - Neuronal diversity makes a difference, study says - also here
  2. August 30, 2010 - Diversity of neurons increases information in the brain
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. August 29, 2010 - Developmental gene-environment interactions: A model for psychosis
  2. August 29, 2010 - Schizophrenia and psychotic syndromes
Background



Health and medicine


Vitamin D and health

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Vitamin D found to influence over 200 genes, highlighting links to disease
  2. August 27, 2010 - Vitamin D deficiency linked to autoimmune diseases and cancer
Background


Beneficial effects of polyphenolics for microglia

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Eating berries may activate the brain's natural housekeeper for healthy aging - also here, here
Background


Weight control through water consumption

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Clinical trial confirms effectiveness of simple appetite control method
  2. August 23, 2010 - Drinking water before meals helps dieting, says study
Background


Hepatitis E

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Chinese vaccine shields against hepatitis E - Lancet
Background


Drug discovery

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Drugging the undruggable: Advances toward next generation of disease fighters
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Nano-vehicles to deliver chemotherapy treatments on target
  2. August 24, 2010 - Researchers use nanobiotechnology-manipulated light particles to accelerate algae growth
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - A promising target for developing treatments against Parkinson's disease
  2. August 26, 2010 - Lizard venom offers hope for Parkinson's disease patients
  3. August 27, 2010 - New Parkinson's gene is linked to immune system
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Rheumatoid arthritis signaling protein reverses Alzheimer's disease in mouse model
  2. August 24, 2010 - Key Alzheimer's findings questioned
  3. August 25, 2010 - Insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes linked to plaques associated with Alzheimer's disease
  4. August 25, 2010 - Research heralds potential for early diagnosis of degenerative brain disorders
  5. August 26, 2010 - Why are drug trials in Alzheimer's disease failing?
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - HIV virus hides in the brain
  2. August 24, 2010 - Antiviral gene helps suppress jumping of AIDS viruses between host species
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Nicotine binding to receptor linked to breast cancer cell growth
  2. August 23, 2010 - Rectal cancer rates are rising in young individuals
  3. August 23, 2010 - Alcohol intake increases certain types of breast cancer
  4. August 23, 2010 - Less intensive drug schedule as effective as standard treatment for blood cancer
  5. August 24, 2010 - New nuclear breast imaging technologies associated with higher cancer risks
  6. August 24, 2010 - Double-therapy approach effectively inhibited brain cancer recurrence
  7. August 25, 2010 - New drug fights metastatic melanoma - also here
  8. August 25, 2010 - Use the common cold virus to target and disrupt cancer cells?
  9. August 25, 2010 - Microneedle, quantum dot study opens door to new clinical cancer tools - also here
  10. August 25, 2010 - Targeted drug leads to regression of metastatic melanoma with mutated BRAF gene
  11. August 25, 2010 - Researchers develop new laboratory cell lines to study treatment for ATC
  12. August 25, 2010 - Roche melanoma drug works in 81 pct of patients
  13. August 25, 2010 - Some men may get too many PSA tests: study
  14. August 25, 2010 - Even when prostate cancer returns, most survive
  15. August 26, 2010 - Sticky synthetic molecules aid fight against prostate cancer
  16. August 26, 2010 - Top eight cancer signs pinpointed
  17. August 26, 2010 - 'Breakthrough' melanoma drug shrinks tumors
  18. August 27, 2010 - Plant agents show promise in preventing skin cancer
  19. August 27, 2010 - Researcher finds revolutionary way to treat eye cancer
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Regulation of cell proliferation is dependent on nucleocytoplasmic trafficking
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Reshaping the gut microbiome could herald new treatments for bowel diseases
  2. August 25, 2010 - Banana plantain fibers could treat Crohn's disease
  3. August 25, 2010 - Broccoli 'boosts' healthy gut
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Antibiotic may reduce stroke risk and injury in diabetics
  2. August 23, 2010 - More research needed on cardiovascular disease in Asian-Americans
  3. August 24, 2010 - Migraine sufferers have higher risk of dying from heart disease and stroke
  4. August 24, 2010 - People at 'intermediate risk' of heart disease with elevated hsCRP benefit from statin therapy
  5. August 24, 2010 - Study compares risk with 2 diabetes drugs
  6. August 26, 2010 - Cholesterol screening isn't just for the older crowd
  7. August 29, 2010 - Heart-rate-lowering drug ivabradine reduces death when added to treatments in heart failure patients
  8. August 29, 2010 - Study: More omega-3 fats didn't aid heart patients - also here
Background


Lupus

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Study identifies genetic variation linked to lupus in Asian men
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. August 23, 2010 - Diabetes can cause a sugar coating that smothers body's immune defences
  2. August 25, 2010 - Grapefruit's bitter taste holds a sweet promise for diabetes therapy
  3. August 27, 2010 - Moms who don't breastfeed more likely to develop type 2 diabetes
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. August 24, 2010 - Mice can sniff out duck droppings laced with virus - also here
  2. August 24, 2010 - 'Biosensors' on four feet detect animals infected with bird flu
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. August 24, 2010 - A moment on the lips, a year on the hips
  2. August 24, 2010 - Fat distribution plays a role in weight loss success in patients at risk of diabetes
  3. August 24, 2010 - Food binge may cause long-term body fat increase
Background


Health benefits of antioxidants

References:
  1. August 24, 2010 - Researchers study cinnamon extracts
  2. August 26, 2010 - Black rice rivals pricey blueberries as source of healthful antioxidants
Background, Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. August 26, 2010 - Frog skin may provide 'kiss of death' for antibiotic-resistant germs
Background


Pharmacological modulation of complement system

References:
  1. August 26, 2010 - Researchers closer to development of drug to prevent deadly immune response
Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. August 27, 2010 - Austria reports 2 cases of superbug gene - also here
Background


Asthma

References:
  1. August 29, 2010 - Study points to key genetic driver of severe allergic asthma
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. August 29, 2010 - First tests for stem cell therapy are near
Background


Copyright © 2010 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved