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Volume 9, Number 33
August 16, 2010


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Paleoclimatology
P vs. NP
Coronal mass ejections
Dark matter
Plate tectonics
Global warming
Rapid star formation in old galaxies
Earthquakes
Pulsars
WISE telescope
Star-forming regions
Extended solar minimum
CP symmetry violation in neutrinos
Decadal survey of astronomy
Elliptical galaxy NGC 4696
European space astrophysics missions
Extrasolar planets
Electron spin-charge separation
Gamma rays from novae
Volcanoes and mass extinctions
James Webb Space Telescope

Technology

Graphene
Quantum information
Spintronics
Superconductivity
Photovoltaics
Linac Coherent Light Source
Brain-computer interface
Topological insulators
Organic electronics
Supercomputing
Nanotechnology
Terahertz technology
Virtual reality
Nanoscale photonics

Life sciences

Gene interaction mapping
Synthetic biology
Mitochondrial calcium uptake
Arthropod phylogeny
RNA copying in human cells
Retinoblastoma protein structure
Canine genomics
Cytosolic pH as a growth signal
Supercomputing and ornithology
Hominin tool use
Transposons
Early human cultural cannibalism
Riboswitches and Clostridium difficile infection
DNA repair
Bacterial olfaction

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Sleep
Sleep deprivation
Human brain connectome mapping
Grid cells and allocentric space mapping
Orangutan pantomime behavior
Autism
Cocaine addiction
Heritability of tendency towards anxiety
Brain-imaging studies
Schizophrenia
Neural sequence detection
Anxiety and brain activity
Memory
Genes and behavior

Health and medicine

Nanobiotechnology
Stem cells
Social stress and inflammatory disease
Obesity
Cancer
Inflammatory bowel disease
Alzheimer's disease
Cardiovascular disease
Antibiotic resistance
Rheumatoid arthritis
Vaccines
AIDS
Diabetes
Malaria
Cancer biology
Hepatitis C
Prions
Gene therapy
Parkinson's disease



Physical sciences


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - An ancient Earth like ours
Background


P vs. NP

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - Million-dollar problem cracked?
  2. August 10, 2010 - Indian Scientist Claims Solution to Problem-Solvers' Problem
  3. August 11, 2010 - Million dollar maths puzzle sparks row
  4. August 12, 2010 - New proof unlocks answer to the P versus NP problem - maybe
Background


Coronal mass ejections

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - Warning for solar flares
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - Dark matter is held together by 'attractors'
  2. August 11, 2010 - Dark-matter search plunges physicists to new depths
Background


Plate tectonics

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - Gondwana supercontinent underwent massive shift during Cambrian explosion
Background, Background


Global warming

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - Indonesian ice field may be gone in a few years, core may contain secrets of Pacific El Nino events
  2. August 10, 2010 - Greenland ice sheet faces 'tipping point in 10 years'
  3. August 12, 2010 - July sets heat records
  4. August 14, 2010 - Trend continues with second hottest July on record
  5. August 14, 2010 - In Weather Chaos, a Case for Global Warming
Background


Rapid star formation in old galaxies

References:
  1. August 11, 2010 - Mystery Rings Spied Around Elderly Galaxies
  2. August 11, 2010 - Giant ultraviolet rings found in resurrected galaxies
  3. August 11, 2010 - Star Birth Frenzy Revealed in New Photo
  4. August 25, 2010 - Giant Rings Around Galaxies Perplex Astronomers
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. August 11, 2010 - Haiti quake reveals previously unknown fault - also here
  2. August 12, 2010 - Haiti quake was caused by previously unknown fault
Background


Pulsars

References:
  1. August 11, 2010 - Volunteer computing project discovers neutron star
  2. August 12, 2010 - Home computer finds rare pulsar
  3. August 12, 2010 - Citizen Scientists Make First Deep Space Discovery With Einstein@Home
  4. August 12, 2010 - BOINC bags a pulsar via Einstein@Home distributed computing
  5. August 12, 2010 - Volunteers' Idle Computer Time Turns Up a Celestial Oddball
  6. August 12, 2010 - Einstein@Home 'citizen scientists' discover a new pulsar in Arecibo telescope data - also here
  7. August 12, 2010 - Strange Spinning Star Discovered by Volunteers
  8. August 12, 2010 - Citizen Scientists Discover Rotating Pulsar
  9. August 12, 2010 - Home computers discover rare star
  10. August 12, 2010 - Volunteer Computing Scores Celestial Success
  11. August 12, 2010 - Donated Computer Time Discovers New Star
  12. August 23, 2010 - Victory for volunteer computing network
Background


WISE telescope

References:
  1. August 11, 2010 - WISE spacecraft warming up
Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. August 11, 2010 - Ambitious survey spots stellar nurseries - also here
  2. August 11, 2010 - Astronomers release stunning view of Tarantula Nebula
  3. August 12, 2010 - Baby Stars Sparkle in New Photo of Tarantula Nebula
Background


Extended solar minimum

References:
  1. August 12, 2010 - Extended solar minimum linked to changes in Sun's conveyor belt - also here, here, here
  2. August 12, 2010 - Extended Period of Lower Solar Activity Linked to Changes in Sun's Conveyor Belt
  3. August 13, 2010 - Sun's 'quiet period' explained
Background


CP symmetry violation in neutrinos

References:
  1. August 12, 2010 - New evidence that matter and antimatter may behave differently - also here
  2. August 30, 2010 - Resurrecting sterile neutrinos
Background, Background


Decadal survey of astronomy

References:
  1. August 12, 2010 - Report charts new course for US astronomy
  2. August 13, 2010 - Astronomers' Wish List: Giant Scopes, Satellites, and Lots of Moola
  3. August 13, 2010 - Astronomers prioritize projects for the coming decade
  4. August 13, 2010 - Dark Energy and Exoplanets Top List of Astronomy Priorities
  5. August 13, 2010 - Decadal survey of astronomy and astrophysics - also here
  6. August 13, 2010 - US astronomers unveil 10-year plan
  7. August 13, 2010 - Dark energy studies top astronomy and astrophysics priorities
  8. August 14, 2010 - Next decade of astronomy research to focus on exoplanets, early Universe
  9. August 16, 2010 - Astronomers Announce Priorities: Dark Energy, Exoplanets, Cosmic Origins
  10. August 18, 2010 - US survey sets cosmic priorities
  11. August 18, 2010 - Large Synoptic Survey Telescope deemed top priority
  12. August 18, 2010 - Panel recommends support for Chile telescope
  13. August 18, 2010 - LISA gravitational-wave mission strongly endorsed by National Research Council
Background


Elliptical galaxy NGC 4696

References:
  1. August 12, 2010 - Odd Galaxy Raises Many Questions
  2. August 12, 2010 - NGC 4696: A cosmic question mark - also here, here
  3. August 12, 2010 - Strange Hook-Shaped Galaxy Photographed By Hubble Telescope
Background


European space astrophysics missions

References:
  1. August 12, 2010 - Europe Makes Plans for Physics Experiments in Orbit
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. August 12, 2010 - Twinkle, twinkle, little dot
Background


Electron spin-charge separation

References:
  1. August 12, 2010 - Physicists investigate electron fractionalization into not two, but three components
Background


Gamma rays from novae

References:
  1. August 12, 2010 - Fermi detects 'shocking' surprise from supernova's little cousin - also here, here
  2. August 12, 2010 - New Kind of Star Explosion Discovered
  3. August 13, 2010 - Gamma rays from nova explosion surprise astronomers
  4. August 23, 2010 - Fermi detects gamma-rays from exploding nova
Background


Volcanoes and mass extinctions

References:
  1. August 13, 2010 - 'Killer' Volcanoes Not Guilty
Background


James Webb Space Telescope

References:
  1. August 15, 2010 - Telescope promises new look at universe - if NASA can get it into space
Background



Technology


Graphene

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - Electron Transport: Study of Electron Orbits in Multilayer Graphene Finds Unexpected Energy Gaps - also here, here
  2. August 10, 2010 - Graphene gets even better in a magnetic field
Background


Quantum information

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - Continuous quantum variables for computing, communications
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - Researchers successfully test new alternative to traditional semiconductors
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - Supercomputer application solves superconductor puzzle
  2. August 11, 2010 - Superconductors go fractal
  3. August 11, 2010 - Inexplicable Superconductor Fractals Hint at Higher Universal Laws
  4. August 13, 2010 - Fractals boost superconductivity
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - Squeezing more out of solar power
  2. August 10, 2010 - New technique announced to turn windows into power generators
  3. August 13, 2010 - Study predicts nanoscience will greatly increase efficiency of next-generation solar cells
Background


Linac Coherent Light Source

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - Bright flashes and heaps of ashes: a new X-ray laser source
Background


Brain-computer interface

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - Neurochip technology developed by Canadian team
Background


Topological insulators

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - Topological insulators take two steps forward
Background, Background, Background


Organic electronics

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - Buried silver nanoparticles improve organic transistors
Background


Supercomputing

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - US military to attack Moore's Law for future computers
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. August 12, 2010 - New nanoscale transistors allow sensitive probing inside cells
Background


Terahertz technology

References:
  1. August 12, 2010 - Terahertz scanning acquires sense of direction
Background


Virtual reality

References:
  1. August 13, 2010 - Virtual reality used to study Haiti, Baja earthquakes
Background


Nanoscale photonics

References:
  1. August 15, 2010 - Confining light for use in nanophotonic devices
Background, Background



Life sciences


Gene interaction mapping

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - Scientists map all mammalian gene interactions
Background


Synthetic biology

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - Popping cells surprise living circuits creators
Background


Mitochondrial calcium uptake

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - Cracking open a cell biology mystery
Background


Arthropod phylogeny

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - Leggy creatures and long branches
Background, Background


RNA copying in human cells

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - Human cells can copy not only DNA, but also RNA - also here
  2. August 10, 2010 - Race for $1,000 genome heats up: Helicos, Pitt scientists make RNA replication discovery
Background, Background


Retinoblastoma protein structure

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - Protein structure reveals how tumor suppressor turns on and off
Background


Canine genomics

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - Dogs' physical traits controlled by small number of genetic regions
Background


Cytosolic pH as a growth signal

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - Cells in the land of milk and honey
Background


Supercomputing and ornithology

References:
  1. August 11, 2010 - Supercomputing for the birds
Background


Hominin tool use

References:
  1. August 11, 2010 - Butchering dinner 3.4 million years ago
  2. August 11, 2010 - The First Butchers?
  3. August 11, 2010 - Lucy's kind used stone tools to butcher animals
  4. August 11, 2010 - New Find Pushes Age of Stone Tools Back A Million Years - also here
  5. August 11, 2010 - Tool Use Pushed Back 800,000 Years
  6. August 11, 2010 - Ancient Cut Marks Reveal Far Earlier Origin of Butchery
  7. August 11, 2010 - Pre-humans used tools 3.4 million years ago
  8. August 11, 2010 - Scientists discover oldest evidence of stone tool use and meat-eating among human ancestors
  9. August 11, 2010 - Tool-making and meat-eating began 3.5 million years ago
  10. August 11, 2010 - Lucy's Kin Carved Up a Meaty Meal, Scientists Say
  11. August 11, 2010 - 'Lucy' Species Used Stone Tools, Fossil Study Says - also here
  12. August 12, 2010 - Butchered bones prove early meat eating
Background


Transposons

References:
  1. August 11, 2010 - Scientists identify DNA that may contribute to each person's uniqueness
Background


Early human cultural cannibalism

References:
  1. August 11, 2010 - Cannibal cavemen of Spain uncovered
Background


Riboswitches and Clostridium difficile infection

References:
  1. August 12, 2010 - Dangerous bacterium hosts genetic remnant of life's distant past - also here
Background, Background


DNA repair

References:
  1. August 12, 2010 - SUMO works with replication protein A complex to repair DNA
Background


Bacterial olfaction

References:
  1. August 15, 2010 - Bacteria breakthrough is heaven scent
  2. August 16, 2010 - Bacteria sniff out their food
  3. August 16, 2010 - Bacteria can 'smell' their environment, research shows
  4. August 17, 2010 - Bacteria sniff each other out
  5. August 17, 2010 - Bacteria May Have a Primordial Sense of Smell
  6. August 18, 2010 - Bacteria Have "Noses," Can Smell
  7. August 18, 2010 - Bacteria shown to 'smell' ammonia
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Sleep

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - Busy Brains Make for Deeper Sleep
  2. August 9, 2010 - The Brain's Secret to Sleeping Like a Log
  3. August 9, 2010 - Secrets of Sleeping Soundly Uncovered
  4. August 9, 2010 - Brain rhythm predicts ability to sleep through a noisy night
  5. August 9, 2010 - Clue to getting a good night's sleep discovered
  6. August 10, 2010 - Distinctive brain signals sustain sleep in noisy environments
Background


Sleep deprivation

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - Brain responds same to acute and chronic sleep loss
Background


Human brain connectome mapping

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - Brain's wiring: More network than pyramid? - also here
  2. August 10, 2010 - Brain works more like internet than 'top down' company
Background


Grid cells and allocentric space mapping

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - Better understanding of mapmaking in the brain
Background


Orangutan pantomime behavior

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - Orangutans can mime their desires
  2. August 11, 2010 - Orangutans mime to get message across
Background


Autism

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - Adult autism diagnosis by brain scan
  2. August 10, 2010 - New brain scan to diagnose autism
  3. August 11, 2010 - Brain scan may help autism diagnosis
Background


Cocaine addiction

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - Chemical system in brain behaves differently in cocaine addicts, UT Southwestern scientists find
  2. August 10, 2010 - Drugs to treat cocaine abuse?
  3. August 15, 2010 - Researchers uncover step in brain events leading up to addiction
Background


Heritability of tendency towards anxiety

References:
  1. August 11, 2010 - The Makings of an Anxious Temperament
  2. August 11, 2010 - Inherited brain activity predicts childhood risk for anxiety
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. August 11, 2010 - Perceived intentions influence brain response
  2. August 11, 2010 - MRI scans show brain's response to actions of others
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. August 11, 2010 - Immune responses during pregnancy linked to schizophrenia among offspring
Background


Neural sequence detection

References:
  1. August 12, 2010 - Single neurons can detect sequences
Background


Anxiety and brain activity

References:
  1. August 12, 2010 - Nervous monkeys lend clues to anxiety
Background


Memory

References:
  1. August 13, 2010 - Memory researchers explain latest findings on improving the mind, stopping memory loss
Background


Genes and behavior

References:
  1. August 15, 2010 - Sociologists looking at risky behavior plunge into the gene pool
Background



Health and medicine


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - A 'magnetic' solution to identify and kill tumors
  2. August 9, 2010 - How many nanoparticles heat the tumor?
  3. August 10, 2010 - Researchers develop magnetic molecular machines to deliver drugs to unhealthy cells
  4. August 10, 2010 - New procedure shows promise for treating brain tumors
  5. August 15, 2010 - Drugs encased in nanoparticles travel to tumors on the surface of immune-system cells
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - A strategy to fix a broken heart
  2. August 11, 2010 - Researchers use stem cells to treat children with life-threatening, blistering skin disease
  3. August 11, 2010 - Using bone marrow stem cells to treat critically ill patients on verge of respiratory failure
  4. August 12, 2010 - Researchers find that one type of stem cell creates a niche for another type in bone marrow
Background


Social stress and inflammatory disease

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - Stress gets under our skin
Background, Background


Obesity

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - Larger waist associated with greater risk of death
  2. August 9, 2010 - Large waist size linked to 'higher risk of death'
  3. August 10, 2010 - Study: Belly bulge can be deadly for older adults - also here
  4. August 13, 2010 - 'Being fat at four means a life of ill-health'
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - New 'dentist' test to detect oral cancer will save lives
  2. August 9, 2010 - Scientists discover familial link in rare childhood leukemia
  3. August 9, 2010 - Research team investigates mutated gene's role in breast cancer
  4. August 9, 2010 - Inhibiting prostate cancer without disturbing regular body processes
  5. August 9, 2010 - DNA Test May Speed Colon Cancer Diagnosis
  6. August 10, 2010 - Breakthrough heralds era of personalized cancer treatment
  7. August 10, 2010 - Researchers assess severity of prostate cancers using magnetic resonance imaging
  8. August 10, 2010 - Study shows physicians reluctant to use chemoprevention for prostate cancer
  9. August 10, 2010 - New findings further clarify breast cancer risk with hormone therapy
  10. August 10, 2010 - Breast cancer risk varies among different progestins used in hormone replacement therapy
  11. August 11, 2010 - How salmonella helps kill cancer cells
  12. August 11, 2010 - Breath test detects different cancer types
  13. August 11, 2010 - Breath test can detect cancer
  14. August 11, 2010 - Scientists developing cancer breath test
  15. August 11, 2010 - Seeing melanoma
  16. August 11, 2010 - UK breast cancer mortality rates have fallen faster than in other European countries
  17. August 11, 2010 - Initial trials on new ovarian cancer tests exhibit extremely high accuracy
  18. August 11, 2010 - Deathstalker scorpion venom could improve gene therapy for brain cancer
  19. August 11, 2010 - Advance toward earlier detection of melanoma
  20. August 12, 2010 - New drug reduces tumor size in women with advanced hereditary ovarian or breast cancer
  21. August 12, 2010 - Research could change course of treatment for cancer that spreads to bones
  22. August 12, 2010 - Merlin protein found to control liver stem cells, prevent tumor development
  23. August 12, 2010 - The cancer biomarker conundrum: Too many false discoveries
  24. August 12, 2010 - Breast cancer deaths fall in UK
  25. August 13, 2010 - Estrogen not associated with lung cancer incidence and mortality among postmenopausal women
  26. August 14, 2010 - A lethal brain tumor's strength may be a weakness as well
  27. August 23, 2010 - This cancer cure will make you sick
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - Key regulator in inflammatory bowel disease identified
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - Plasma beta-amyloid levels associated with cognitive decline
  2. August 9, 2010 - 3 biomarkers in spinal fluid appear helpful to classify patients with Alzheimer's disease
  3. August 9, 2010 - In Spinal-Fluid Test, an Early Warning on Alzheimer's
  4. August 9, 2010 - Sorting when early memory loss signals big threat - also here
  5. August 10, 2010 - Biomarkers predict Alzheimer's by 100%
  6. August 10, 2010 - Distinguishing 'senior moments' from Alzheimer's
  7. August 10, 2010 - Neurodegeneration 'clumping proteins' common in aging process
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. August 9, 2010 - Effectiveness of statins is called into question - also here
  2. August 10, 2010 - Heart's sounds can help diagnose heart failure
  3. August 10, 2010 - Walking to School Could Reduce Stress Reactivity in Children and May Curb Risk of Heart Disease, Study Shows
  4. August 10, 2010 - Dying of cold -- more heart attacks in cooler weather
  5. August 10, 2010 - Molecular imaging identifies high-risk patients with heart disease
  6. August 11, 2010 - Temperature Drops Put the Squeeze on Heart Attack Risk
  7. August 12, 2010 - Expensive new blood pressure meds no better than generics
  8. August 12, 2010 - Elevated heart rate over time linked to significant risk of death
Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - International travel increasing spread of new drug-resistant bacteria: Is this the end of antibiotics?
  2. August 11, 2010 - NDM-1, Superbug Gene, Could Spread Worldwide, Doctors Warn - also here
  3. August 11, 2010 - New superbugs spreading from South Asia: study - also here
  4. August 13, 2010 - Antibiotic-resistant bacteria arrives on U.S. shores from South Asia
  5. August 17, 2010 - France eyes tests for NDM-1 superbug
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. August 10, 2010 - New way of classifying rheumatoid arthritis aimed at identifying the disease earlier
Background


Vaccines

References:
  1. August 11, 2010 - 'New' human adenovirus may not make for good vaccines, after all
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. August 11, 2010 - Raltegravir intensification has no effect on residual viremia in HIV-infected patients on ART
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. August 11, 2010 - New diabetes risk assessment developed
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. August 11, 2010 - 'Needle-free' intervention as natural vaccine against malaria
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. August 12, 2010 - Researcher pinpoints the cellular mechanism responsible for modulating the permeability of blood vessels
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. August 13, 2010 - Boost for drugs against hepatitis C
Background


Prions

References:
  1. August 13, 2010 - New sporadic prion protein disease identified
  2. August 13, 2010 - Brain disease could affect more people, research finds
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. August 14, 2010 - Promising results of gene therapy to treat diseases of the eye
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. August 15, 2010 - Researchers discover genetic link between immune system, Parkinson's disease
  2. August 15, 2010 - Immune genes 'key in Parkinson's disease'
Background


Copyright © 2010 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved