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Volume 9, Number 32
August 9, 2010


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Solar activity
Extrasolar planets
Gamma-ray bursts and cosmic strings
Electron electric dipole moment
Atmospheric oxygen concentration
Astrochemistry
CO2 emission limits
Global warming
Paleoclimatology
Violoations of Pauli exclusion principle
Circular polarization in nebula emissions
Earth's core
Supernovae
Galaxy mergers
Earthquakes
Metamaterials and spacetime structure

Technology

Fuel cells
Photovoltaics
Quantum computing
Microfluidic cytometry platform
Combination of DNA microarrays and microfluidics
Quantum communication
Metamaterials
Quantum memory
Nanotechnology
Artificial intelligence
Superconductivity
Quantum dots
Supercomputing
Graphene
Quantum cryptography
Solar sails
Terahertz technology

Life sciences

Bacterial flagellar motors
Tripeptidal peptidase II
Bone marrow progenitor-derived adipocytes
Cytoskeletal filaments
ATP synthase
Cell adhesion
Protein folding
Sponge genome
Rapid evolution
Bacterial gene transfer
Tissue regeneration
Cell transdifferentiation
Mitochondrial genes and longevity
Induced pluripotent stem cells
Cell signaling
Origins of life
Mitochondrial import of RNA
Microtubule overlap at cell spindle apparatus
Immunoglobulin evolution

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Autism
Kynurenic acid and cognition
Brain-imaging studies
Benficial effects of exercise and calorie restriction for neuromuscular synapses
Neuronal systems and obesity
Compensation for amygdala damage in emotional memory formation
Bipolar disorder
Memory development
Social stress and inflammation
Animal emotion
Creativity, personality, and mood
Endocytosis and neuronal growth
Extinction of addictive behavior
Mathematical modeling of hypothalamus hormonal activity
Schizophrenia
Language change and evolutionary theory
Infant language learning
Emotion and memory
Imitation of speech from untrained lipreading
Endocannabinoid signaling

Health and medicine

Stem cells
Cancer
Cardiovascular disease
Nanobiotechnology
Diabetes
Inflammatory bowel disease
AIDS
Clostridium difficile infection
Malaria
Sepsis
Multiple sclerosis
Alzheimer's disease
Parkinson's disease
Autoimmune disease
Prions
Hepatitis B
Antibiotics
Asthma
MicroRNA, stem cells, and cancer
Vaccines
Obesity
Rheumatoid arthritis
Dementia
Drug delivery
PTEN and nerve regeneration after spinal cord injury
Hepatitis C
Tuberculosis



Physical sciences


Solar activity

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Aurora Alert: The Sun is Waking Up! - also here, here, here
  2. August 2, 2010 - Solar blast may fire up Northern Lights
  3. August 5, 2010 - Sun's Lull Linked to Altered Plasma Conveyor Belt
  4. August 5, 2010 - Amazingly Fast Eruption on the Sun Photographed
  5. August 6, 2010 - Solar Tsunami Revealed in New Photo
  6. August 6, 2010 - A Solar Tsunami
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Confusion Over Kepler's 'Earth-Like' Planets Explained
  2. August 2, 2010 - Rumors in Astrophysics Spread at Light Speed
Background


Gamma-ray bursts and cosmic strings

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Space-Time "Wrinkles" Igniting Odd Gamma-ray Bursts?
Background, Background


Electron electric dipole moment

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Universe's Existence May Be Explained by New Material
Background, Background


Atmospheric oxygen concentration

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Oxygen fuels the fires of time
Background


Astrochemistry

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - NASA Reveals Key to Unlock Mysterious Red Glow in Space
Background


CO2 emission limits

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - New carbon dioxide emissions model
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Ice-free Arctic Ocean may not be of much use in soaking up carbon dioxide: study
  2. August 3, 2010 - Study finds permafrost warming, monitoring improving
Background


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Ice core drilling effort to help assess abrupt climate change risks
  2. August 4, 2010 - Bedrock is a milestone in climate research - also here
  3. August 5, 2010 - Ancient Hawaiian glaciers reveal clues to global climate impacts - also here
Background


Violoations of Pauli exclusion principle

References:
  1. August 3, 2010 - Physicists develop model that pushes limits of quantum theory, relativity
Background


Circular polarization in nebula emissions

References:
  1. August 3, 2010 - Images of the Orion Nebula give clues about the origin of life on Earth
Background


Earth's core

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - Earth's Moving, Melting Core
Background


Supernovae

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - Seeing a Stellar Explosion in 3D - also here
  2. August 4, 2010 - Stellar Explosion Seen in 3-D
  3. August 4, 2010 - Exploding star 'viewed in 3D'
  4. August 4, 2010 - Exploding star reconstructed in 3D
  5. August 6, 2010 - Star Death in 3-D
  6. August 10, 2010 - 3D map of supernova reveals wonky innards
  7. August 11, 2010 - Supernova ejects material asymmetrically
Background


Galaxy mergers

References:
  1. August 5, 2010 - A Galactic Spectacle - also here
  2. August 5, 2010 - Colliding Galaxies Swirl in Dazzling New Photo
  3. August 6, 2010 - Sharpest Image Yet of Massive Galaxy Collision
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. August 6, 2010 - NASA Images Show Continuing Mexico Quake Deformation
Background


Metamaterials and spacetime structure

References:
  1. August 6, 2010 - Metamaterials Probe Changes in Spacetime Structure
Background, Background



Technology


Fuel cells

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - New catalyst of platinum nanoparticles could lead to conk-out free, stable fuel cells
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. August 3, 2010 - New inexpensive solar cell design
  2. August 3, 2010 - Selenium makes more efficient solar cells
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. August 3, 2010 - Researchers to build foundation for quantum supercomputers
  2. August 6, 2010 - Putting a quantum computer on a chip
Background


Microfluidic cytometry platform

References:
  1. August 3, 2010 - New diagnostic chip able to generate single-cell molecular 'fingerprints' for brain tumors
Background


Combination of DNA microarrays and microfluidics

References:
  1. August 3, 2010 - Faster DNA analysis at room temperature
Background


Quantum communication

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - Quantum networks advance with entanglement of photons, solid-state qubits - also here
Background


Metamaterials

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - New findings promising for 'transformation optics,' cloaking - also here
  2. August 5, 2010 - Fluorescent dye boosts metamaterial performance
Background


Quantum memory

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - Autonomous quantum error correction technique proposed for quantum memories
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - Nanofluidic 'multi-tool' separates and sizes nanoparticles
  2. August 5, 2010 - Push-Button Logic on the Nanoscale
Background


Artificial intelligence

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - IBM's Watson preps for a fall Jeopardy showdown with humans
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. August 5, 2010 - Physicists use offshoot of string theory to describe puzzling behavior of superconductors - also here
Background


Quantum dots

References:
  1. August 5, 2010 - Encouraging quantum dots to emit photons
Background


Supercomputing

References:
  1. August 5, 2010 - Virginia Tech to build new supercomputer
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. August 6, 2010 - Turning down the noise in graphene
Background


Quantum cryptography

References:
  1. August 6, 2010 - Scientists provide a new angle on quantum cryptography
Background


Solar sails

References:
  1. August 6, 2010 - Solar Sail Spacecraft Steers with Sunlight for First Time
Background


Terahertz technology

References:
  1. August 8, 2010 - Researchers demonstrate highly directional Terahertz laser rays
Background



Life sciences


Bacterial flagellar motors

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Scientists decipher bacteria motor
Background


Tripeptidal peptidase II

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - A cellular housekeeper, and potential target of obesity drugs, caught in action
Background


Bone marrow progenitor-derived adipocytes

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Scientists discover new fat cell
Background


Cytoskeletal filaments

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Team finds new building block in cells
Background


ATP synthase

References:
  1. August 3, 2010 - Cells use water in nano-rotors to power energy conversion
Background


Cell adhesion

References:
  1. August 3, 2010 - Biologists publish findings on cell interactions
Background


Protein folding

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - Video Game Helps Solve Protein Structures
  2. August 4, 2010 - World of proteincraft
  3. August 4, 2010 - Minds Beat Machines in Protein Puzzle Showdown
  4. August 4, 2010 - Gamers beat algorithms at finding protein structures
  5. August 4, 2010 - Video Gamers Help Researchers Untangle Protein Folding Problem
  6. August 4, 2010 - Computer gamers tackle protein folding
  7. August 6, 2010 - Volunteer gamers trump computers, and science is the winner
Background


Sponge genome

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - Sponge genome goes deep
  2. August 4, 2010 - Sponge genes surprise
  3. August 6, 2010 - Scientists find sea sponges share human genes
Background


Rapid evolution

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - Tiny fish evolved to tolerate colder temperature in three years: study - also here
  2. August 9, 2010 - Scientists record fast evolving fish
Background


Bacterial gene transfer

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - Bad Bacteria and Their Harmless Kin Share, Swap Genes
Background


Tissue regeneration

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - Regrowing lost limbs
  2. August 5, 2010 - Muscling in on limb regeneration
  3. August 5, 2010 - Salamander Regeneration Trick Builds New Mouse Muscle
  4. August 5, 2010 - Newts' ability to regenerate tissue replicated in mouse cells
  5. August 5, 2010 - Two New Paths to the Dream: Regeneration
  6. August 9, 2010 - Removing a barrier to regrowing organs - also here
Background


Cell transdifferentiation

References:
  1. August 5, 2010 - Skin cells converted to heart muscle cells
  2. August 5, 2010 - Turning Scar Tissue Into a Beating Heart
  3. August 5, 2010 - Scientists discover new method for regenerating heart muscle by direct reprogramming
Background


Mitochondrial genes and longevity

References:
  1. August 5, 2010 - Research breakthrough on the question of life expectancy
Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. August 5, 2010 - Human embryonic stem cells and reprogrammed cells virtually identical
Background


Cell signaling

References:
  1. August 5, 2010 - The long and short of cell signaling
Background


Origins of life

References:
  1. August 6, 2010 - The Secret of Life May Be As Simple As What Happens Between the Sheets -- Mica Sheets - also here
Background


Mitochondrial import of RNA

References:
  1. August 6, 2010 - Researchers discover protein that shuttles RNA into cell mitochondria
Background, Background


Microtubule overlap at cell spindle apparatus

References:
  1. August 6, 2010 - Scientists identify molecular machinery that maintains important feature of the spindle
Background


Immunoglobulin evolution

References:
  1. August 6, 2010 - Researchers Find Clues to Gut Immunity Evolution, Reveal Similarities Between Fish/Humans - also here
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Autism

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Relatives of Those with Autism Show Eye-Movement Deficits
  2. August 2, 2010 - Relatives of individuals with autism tend to display abnormal eye movements
  3. August 3, 2010 - Cardiff study aims to uncover source of sensory problems in autism
  4. August 6, 2010 - Autism: Lack of evidence for antidepressants
Background


Kynurenic acid and cognition

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Scientists make link between brain acid and cognition
Background, Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Our brain can be taught to control cravings, researchers find
  2. August 4, 2010 - Gain and Loss in Optimistic Versus Pessimistic Brains
Background


Benficial effects of exercise and calorie restriction for neuromuscular synapses

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Exercise and caloric restriction rejuvenate synapses in lab mice
Background


Neuronal systems and obesity

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - One high-fat diet, two different outcomes: The path to obesity becomes clearer
  2. August 5, 2010 - Research Shows Some May Be Wired for Wider Waists
Background, Background


Compensation for amygdala damage in emotional memory formation

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - When memory-related region of brain is damaged, other areas compensate, study finds
Background, Background


Bipolar disorder

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Ketamine may relieve depression quickly for those with treatment-resistant bipolar disorder
Background


Memory development

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Paradigm shift in memory development
Background


Social stress and inflammation

References:
  1. August 3, 2010 - Social rejection might make you sick
Background, Background


Animal emotion

References:
  1. August 3, 2010 - Emotions help animals to make choices
Background


Creativity, personality, and mood

References:
  1. August 3, 2010 - Happy extraverts are more creative: study
Background


Endocytosis and neuronal growth

References:
  1. August 3, 2010 - A turning point for young neurons
Background, Background


Extinction of addictive behavior

References:
  1. August 3, 2010 - Memory-boosting drug may help cocaine addicts avoid relapse
Background


Mathematical modeling of hypothalamus hormonal activity

References:
  1. August 3, 2010 - Study takes novel approach to understanding pituitary function
Background, Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - Researchers explore link between schizophrenia, cat parasite
  2. August 4, 2010 - EEG predicts response to medication for schizophrenia
  3. August 5, 2010 - Large risk schizophrenia marker revealed
Background


Language change and evolutionary theory

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - 'Selfish sounds': Darwinism in linguistics
Background


Infant language learning

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - Understanding Infant Language Learning
Background


Emotion and memory

References:
  1. August 5, 2010 - Brain has emotional sense
  2. August 6, 2010 - The brain seconds that emotion
Background, Background


Imitation of speech from untrained lipreading

References:
  1. August 5, 2010 - Humans Imitate Aspects of Speech We See
Background


Endocannabinoid signaling

References:
  1. August 6, 2010 - Newly discovered mechanism controls levels and efficacy of a marijuana-like substance in the brain
Background



Health and medicine


Stem cells

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Stem-cell experiment on pigs seen as step forward in repairing heart damage
  2. August 2, 2010 - Synthetic bone graft recruits stem cells for faster bone healing
  3. August 2, 2010 - Purified blood stem cells improve success of bone marrow transplants in mice, study shows
  4. August 2, 2010 - Stem Cell-Engineered Windpipe for Cancer Patients
  5. August 4, 2010 - Adult stem cell research far ahead of embryonic - also here
  6. August 6, 2010 - Human embryonic stem cells purified in new, rapid technique
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Cancer-causing bacterium targets tumor-suppressor protein
  2. August 2, 2010 - Researchers uncover potential prostate cancer marker
  3. August 2, 2010 - Breast Cancer and Body Rhythms - also here
  4. August 2, 2010 - Certain meat components may increase bladder cancer risk
  5. August 2, 2010 - A new role of glypican-3 in hepatocellular carcinoma
  6. August 2, 2010 - Alphavirus-based vaccine may slow some cancers
  7. August 2, 2010 - Research defines timeframes, factors to deem early stage lung cancer cured
  8. August 2, 2010 - Bacteriolytic therapy may be a promising treatment strategy for advanced pancreatic cancer patients
  9. August 2, 2010 - Red meat cold cuts could cause cancer: study - also here
  10. August 3, 2010 - Pancreatic cancers use fructose, common in the Western diet, to fuel their growth
  11. August 3, 2010 - Is your hemoglobin 'trending'?
  12. August 3, 2010 - Scientists develop 'designer protein,' opening new door in cancer research
  13. August 3, 2010 - Shining Light on Brain Tumours
  14. August 3, 2010 - Scientists develop the first model for investigating the origins of testicular cancer in humans
  15. August 3, 2010 - Oral contraceptive use associated with increased risk of breast cancer
  16. August 3, 2010 - Chemical link to testicular cancer probed
  17. August 3, 2010 - Corn byproduct fructose literally fuels cancer cell growth, study finds - also here
  18. August 4, 2010 - Iron-regulating protein is strong predictor of breast cancer prognosis, study shows
  19. August 5, 2010 - Gene study offers new target for breast cancer drugs
  20. August 6, 2010 - Surgery better than radiation, hormone treatments for some prostate cancer, study shows
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Brain may age faster in people whose hearts pump less blood
  2. August 2, 2010 - Fit heart can slow brain ageing, US researchers say
  3. August 2, 2010 - Cholesterol levels in young adults predict risk of future heart disease
  4. August 2, 2010 - Disparities in cardiovascular risk based more on socioeconomic status than race, ethnicity
  5. August 2, 2010 - Low-carb diet trumps low-fat on 'good' cholesterol - also here
  6. August 3, 2010 - Chili peppers come with blood pressure benefits
  7. August 3, 2010 - Are Higher Testosterone Levels Associated with Greater Heart Risk?
  8. August 3, 2010 - Disrupted circadian rhythm may cause triglycerides to rise
  9. August 3, 2010 - Americans Cut Risk of Heart Disease Death in Half, Prevention Is Key
  10. August 3, 2010 - Not So Young at Heart?
  11. August 4, 2010 - 'SORTing' out the genetic and biological links between cholesterol and coronary heart disease
  12. August 4, 2010 - Scientists identify 95 genetic variants associated with cholesterol, triglycerides
  13. August 4, 2010 - Gene for cholesterol and cardiovascular disease identified through genome scan
  14. August 4, 2010 - Key cholesterol genes finding 'may help treatment'
  15. August 5, 2010 - Genes hold the key to our heart
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Novel bee venom derivative forms a nanoparticle 'smart bomb' to target cancer cells
  2. August 2, 2010 - Iron oxide nanoparticles becoming tools for brain tumor imaging and treatment
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Adolescents with Type 2 diabetes have diminished cognitive performance and brain abnormalities
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Colitis patients diagnosed later in life tend to have better disease outcomes
  2. August 5, 2010 - Studies offer encouraging data on preventing Crohn's disease recurrence
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Non-human primate study generates information relevant to HIV-1 vaccine strategies
Background


Clostridium difficile infection

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Proton pump inhibitors are a risk factor for C. difficile reinfection
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - New methods, new math speed detection of drug-resistant malaria
  2. August 4, 2010 - Researchers find metabolic pathway in malaria parasites; possible drug targets
Background


Sepsis

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - How blocking the 'Programmed Death 1' protein may treat or prevent sepsis and severe infection
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - New studies question vascular multiple sclerosis hypothesis and treatment
  2. August 2, 2010 - Gene variant may increase severity of MS
  3. August 2, 2010 - Multiple sclerosis theory dealt a blow by studies
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Scientists discover how neuroglobin protects against Alzheimer's
  2. August 3, 2010 - New evidence supports link between gum inflammation and Alzheimer's disease
  3. August 4, 2010 - Deep Brain Stimulation shows promise for patients with Alzheimer's
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. August 2, 2010 - Expectations may affect placebo response in patients with Parkinson's disease
Background


Autoimmune disease

References:
  1. August 3, 2010 - New drug target for immune diseases discovered
Background


Prions

References:
  1. August 3, 2010 - Regulating prions naturally
Background


Hepatitis B

References:
  1. August 3, 2010 - Patients with hepatitis B infection twice as likely to develop non-Hodgkin lymphoma
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - Image of new antibiotic in action opens up new opportunities to combat antibacterial resistance
Background


Asthma

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - More detailed picture of asthma may yield dramatically improved treatment
Background


MicroRNA, stem cells, and cancer

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - Biologists discover microRNAs that control function of blood stem cells
Background, Background, Background


Vaccines

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - Researchers discover new way to boost vaccines, seeks patent
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - Obesity prevention begins before birth
  2. August 4, 2010 - Pregnant Moms Who Overeat Could Make Obese Babies - also here
  3. August 5, 2010 - Mother's Pregnancy Weight Linked to Child's Obesity
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. August 4, 2010 - Arthritis patients 'may benefit from weight training'
Background


Dementia

References:
  1. August 5, 2010 - Eliminating diabetes and depression, and boosting education, most likely to ward off dementia
  2. August 5, 2010 - Diabetes and literacy key to beat dementia, says study
  3. August 5, 2010 - Diabetes and literacy key to beat dementia, says study
Background


Drug delivery

References:
  1. August 6, 2010 - Dual-purpose liposome offers intelligent diagnosis, drug delivery
Background


PTEN and nerve regeneration after spinal cord injury

References:
  1. August 8, 2010 - In breakthrough, nerve connections are regenerated after spinal cord injury
  2. August 8, 2010 - Spinal cord regeneration success in mice
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. August 8, 2010 - New anti-viral drug shows promise for dramatic improvement in hepatitis C treatment
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. August 8, 2010 - Genome study identifies genetic variant linked to TB susceptibility in Africans
Background


Copyright © 2010 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved