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Volume 9, Number 30
July 26, 2010


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Global warming
Black holes
Extrasolar planets
Star-forming regions
Large Hadron Collider
Time travel
Electron electric dipole moment
Extraterrestrial intelligence
Gaia telescope
300 solar mass star in NGC 3603
Large-scale cosmological mapping
Dark matter in the sun
Gamma-ray bursts
Giant Magellan Telescope
Fullerenes in space
Three-slit quantum mechanics experiment
Steller merger
Solar Dynamics Observatory
Ocean acidification
Earthquakes
Higgs boson
Exobiology
Gamma-ray bursts and mass extinctions
Climate modeling
Dark matter

Technology

Terahertz gallium arsenide devices
Fuel cells
Photovoltaics
Organic electronics
Nanotechnology
Superconductivity
Quantum computing
Artificial intelligence
Graphene
Carbon nanotubes
Semiconductor lasers
Solar sail propulsion

Life sciences

Induced pluripotent stem cells
Evolution of stress hormones
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Group cell movement
Human evolution and the relation of humans to other animals
Biodiversity
Genetics of reproductive isolation
Quantum entanglement and photosynthesis
Epistasis and metabolism
DNA repair
Synthetic biology
Nucleolinus
Synthetic DNA
Legionella pneumophila infection mechanism
Cellular aging and proton pumps

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Autism
Age-related changes in brain neurons
Brain-imaging studies
MicroRNA and cocaine addiction
Effects of music training on the nervous system
Depression
Neural circuits and learning
Schizophrenia
Brain electric field feedback
SIRT1 and memory

Health and medicine

AIDS
Cardiovascular disease
Multiple sclerosis
Nanoparticle-stem-cell atherosclerosis therapy
Inhibition of virus replication with microRNA`
Cancer
Cancer biology
Psoriasis
Glitazone diabetes drugs
Cognitive impairment
Stem cells
Promotion of neural stem cell proliferation
Obesity
Malaria
Celiac disease
Alzheimer's disease
Obesity, diabetes, and PPAR-γ
Nanobiotechnology
TCF7L2, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease
SIRT1 and Alzheimer's disease
Diabetes
Parkinson's disease
Inflammatory bowel disease
Dementia



Physical sciences


Global warming

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Report maps perils of warming
  2. July 21, 2010 - Warmer climate entails increased release of carbon dioxide by inland lakes
  3. July 22, 2010 - Average Global Temperatures Continue to Rise
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Black Holes: Peering Into the Heart of Darkness - also here
  2. July 21, 2010 - Black Hole Gets Jerked Around -- Twice - also here
  3. July 21, 2010 - Black Hole Knocked Off Axis By Galaxy Collision
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Cambridge researchers get backing for cosmic vision
  2. July 19, 2010 - New Planet-Hunting Method Could Find Earth-Like Alien Worlds
  3. July 22, 2010 - Detector technology could help NASA find Earth-like exoplanets
  4. July 22, 2010 - How to Find Aliens: Follow the Photosynthesis
  5. July 22, 2010 - Claims of 100 Earth-Like Planets Not True
Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Stellar Nursery Revealed Behind Dusty Veil
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. July 20, 2010 - Collider gets yet more exotic 'to-do' list
  2. July 23, 2010 - LHC closes in on massive particle
Background


Time travel

References:
  1. July 20, 2010 - Taming time travel - also here
  2. July 20, 2010 - Time travel theory avoids grandfather paradox
Background


Electron electric dipole moment

References:
  1. July 20, 2010 - Researchers seeking the fourth property of electrons
Background


Extraterrestrial intelligence

References:
  1. July 20, 2010 - 'Benford beacons' concept could refocus search for intelligent extraterrestrial life
  2. July 21, 2010 - Want to Call Aliens? Keep it Short and Simple, Scientists Say
Background


Gaia telescope

References:
  1. July 20, 2010 - Gaia celestial mapper heads out of UK
Background


300 solar mass star in NGC 3603

References:
  1. July 21, 2010 - A 300 Solar Mass Star Uncovered - also here, here
  2. July 21, 2010 - R136a1: New Heavyweight Champion?
  3. July 21, 2010 - Stellar Heavyweight Breaks the Scales
  4. July 21, 2010 - Telescope Images Most Massive Stars Ever Found
  5. July 21, 2010 - Heftiest Star Discovery Shatters Cosmic Record
  6. July 21, 2010 - Most massive stars in Universe discovered
  7. July 21, 2010 - Astronomers detect 'monster star'
  8. July 21, 2010 - Scientists find most massive star ever discovered - also here, here
  9. July 22, 2010 - Most Massive Star Discovered - Shatters Record
  10. July 22, 2010 - Researchers find giant stars with 300 times the Sun's mass
  11. July 22, 2010 - Freak star breaks limit for size
  12. July 22, 2010 - Scientists find 'monster' star
  13. July 30, 2010 - Among stars, heavyweight champ
Background


Large-scale cosmological mapping

References:
  1. July 21, 2010 - Radio Astronomers Develop New Technique for Studying Dark Energy - also here, here, here
  2. July 21, 2010 - A New Way to Map the Universe
  3. July 21, 2010 - New Galaxy Maps to Help Find Dark Energy Proof?
  4. July 21, 2010 - Glimpse of Distant Universe Could Unravel Dark Energy Secrets
  5. July 21, 2010 - Green Bank Telescope Enables "Intensity Mapping" to Shed Light on Mysteries of Dark Energy
  6. August 5, 2010 - Mapping cosmic mass without counting galaxies
Background


Dark matter in the sun

References:
  1. July 20, 2010 - Could dark baryons explain dark matter?
  2. July 21, 2010 - Does the sun hold a dark secret? - also here, here, here, here, here
Background


Gamma-ray bursts

References:
  1. July 21, 2010 - Subaru Telescope Detects Clues for Understanding the Origin of Mysterious Dark Gamma-Ray Bursts - also here
  2. July 22, 2010 - Solar Sail Camera Spots Cosmic Explosion
Background


Giant Magellan Telescope

References:
  1. July 21, 2010 - Giant New Telescope Gets $50 Million In Funding
Background


Fullerenes in space

References:
  1. July 22, 2010 - NASA Telescope Finds Elusive Buckyballs in Space for First Time - also here, here, here
  2. July 22, 2010 - Astronomers Find Largest Molecules Ever Known in Space
  3. July 22, 2010 - Stars reveal carbon 'spaceballs'
  4. July 23, 2010 - Largest Space Molecules Found; Buckyball Mystery Solved
  5. July 26, 2010 - Space buckyballs
Background


Three-slit quantum mechanics experiment

References:
  1. July 22, 2010 - Quantum mechanics flummoxes physicists again
  2. July 22, 2010 - Quantum mechanics survives triple-slit photon test
  3. July 22, 2010 - Physicists Confirm Decades-Old Key Principle Experimentally
  4. July 22, 2010 - Quantum theory survives its latest ordeal
  5. July 27, 2010 - Pillar of quantum mechanics stands up to new experiment - also here
Background


Steller merger

References:
  1. July 22, 2010 - Speeding Star Was Born on the Run
  2. July 22, 2010 - Hyperfast Star Kicked Out of Milky Way
  3. July 22, 2010 - Hyperfast Star Was Booted from Milky Way
  4. July 22, 2010 - Superfast Star Shot Out of Milky Way
  5. July 26, 2010 - Hyperfast star was booted from Milky Way
Background


Solar Dynamics Observatory

References:
  1. July 22, 2010 - "Extreme" Arcs
  2. July 24, 2010 - First light for Solar Dynamics Observatory
Background


Ocean acidification

References:
  1. July 22, 2010 - Marine Creatures Survived Ancient Ocean Acidification
  2. July 22, 2010 - Ancient Ocean Acidification Intimates Long Recovery from Climate Change
Background, Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. July 22, 2010 - There's a hole in this possible earthquake pattern
Background


Higgs boson

References:
  1. July 22, 2010 - Race to find Higgs boson heats up
  2. July 22, 2010 - US lab eyes more time to hunt Higgs boson particle
Background


Exobiology

References:
  1. July 23, 2010 - Earth as an Extrasolar Planet
  2. July 23, 2010 - Odds for Life Better in Photosynthesis Zones
Background


Gamma-ray bursts and mass extinctions

References:
  1. July 23, 2010 - Gamma-ray burst could kill off ocean life
  2. July 26, 2010 - Gamma-Ray Bursts Could Halt Photosynthesis
Background, Background


Climate modeling

References:
  1. July 25, 2010 - Unaccounted feedbacks from climate-induced ecosystem changes may increase future climate warming
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. July 25, 2010 - Dark matter hunt eyes deeper home
Background



Technology


Terahertz gallium arsenide devices

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Advance made toward communication, computing at 'terahertz' speeds
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - New catalyst for hydrogen fuel cells resists CO contamination
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Thin-Film Solar Cells: New Insights into the Indium/Gallium Puzzle
Background


Organic electronics

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Polymer synthesis could aid future electronics
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Lessening the Penalty for Creating Block Copolymer Nanostructures
  2. July 20, 2010 - Nanoclusters feel a different kind of friction
  3. July 20, 2010 - Scientists construct molecular 'knots'
  4. July 21, 2010 - Engineering researchers simplify process to make world's tiniest wires
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Shape shifting in superconductors
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Atomic middle man
Background


Artificial intelligence

References:
  1. July 20, 2010 - Italy to China in driverless vehicles - also here
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. July 21, 2010 - Nanoribbons for graphene transistors
  2. July 22, 2010 - Graphene oxide gets green - also here
  3. July 22, 2010 - New technique opens a gap in graphene
  4. July 23, 2010 - Graphene organic photovoltaics, or, will joggers' t-shirts someday power their cell phones?
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. July 21, 2010 - Carbon nanotubes as transistor material
Background


Semiconductor lasers

References:
  1. July 21, 2010 - Researchers develop world's first blue-violet ultrafast pulsed semiconductor laser with 100 watt output
Background


Solar sail propulsion

References:
  1. September 21, 2010 - Japan's Solar Sail Is the Toast of Space Science
Background



Life sciences


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - The Persistence of Memory ... in Reprogrammed Cells
  2. July 19, 2010 - Molecular remnants may limit potential of reprogrammed stem cells
  3. July 19, 2010 - iPSCs less pliable than ESCs?
  4. July 19, 2010 - Reprogrammed cells 'remember,' retain characteristics of their cells of origin
  5. July 19, 2010 - Stem cells made by reprogramming hold onto their past
  6. July 19, 2010 - Reprogrammed stem cells carry a memory of their past identities
  7. July 23, 2010 - RNA offers a safer way to reprogram cells
Background


Evolution of stress hormones

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Sea lamprey research sheds light on how stress hormones evolved
Background, Background


Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Computer program predicts MRSA's next move
Background


Group cell movement

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Cells' grouping tactic points to new cancer treatments
Background


Human evolution and the relation of humans to other animals

References:
  1. July 20, 2010 - New hypothesis for human evolution and human nature
Background


Biodiversity

References:
  1. July 20, 2010 - Research shows it is not about more sunlight and higher temperatures
Background


Genetics of reproductive isolation

References:
  1. July 20, 2010 - Genetic mismatch keeps yeast species distinct
Background, Background


Quantum entanglement and photosynthesis

References:
  1. July 21, 2010 - Quantum entanglement in photosynthesis and evolution
Background, Background


Epistasis and metabolism

References:
  1. July 21, 2010 - Cancer-metabolism link runs deep in humans
Background, Background, Background


DNA repair

References:
  1. July 21, 2010 - A mutation that frustrates DNA repair likely contributes to Fanconi anemia
  2. July 25, 2010 - Researchers discover how key enzyme repairs sun-damaged DNA
Background


Synthetic biology

References:
  1. July 22, 2010 - DNA factory builds up steam
Background


Nucleolinus

References:
  1. July 22, 2010 - Scientists confirm role for mysterious cell component, the nucleolinus
Background


Synthetic DNA

References:
  1. July 22, 2010 - Michigan Tech Chemist Culls the Good Synthetic DNA from the Bad
Background


Legionella pneumophila infection mechanism

References:
  1. July 23, 2010 - Legionnaire's disease bacteria tap into the material transport in immune cells
Background


Cellular aging and proton pumps

References:
  1. July 25, 2010 - Ageing cells lose protein pumps
  2. July 25, 2010 - 'Housekeeping' proteins may set aging limit
Background, Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Autism

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - A speech screen for autism?
  2. July 19, 2010 - Autism has unique vocal signature, new technology reveals
  3. July 19, 2010 - Voice technology 'could help detect autism'
  4. July 20, 2010 - Screening speech may aid autism diagnosis
Background


Age-related changes in brain neurons

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - 'Runaway' development implicated in loss of function of the aging brain
Background, Background, Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Laughter is not just funny
  2. July 19, 2010 - The busy mind on meditation
  3. July 21, 2010 - Brain scans may help guide career choice
Background


MicroRNA and cocaine addiction

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Tuning cocaine addiction
  2. July 27, 2010 - MicroRNAs play a role in cocaine addiction
Background, Background


Effects of music training on the nervous system

References:
  1. July 20, 2010 - How music training primes nervous system and boosts learning
Background, Background, Background


Depression

References:
  1. July 20, 2010 - Why does everything look gray when you feel blue?
  2. July 21, 2010 - New links between cholesterol and depression in the elderly
  3. July 22, 2010 - A blood test for depression?
Background


Neural circuits and learning

References:
  1. July 21, 2010 - Every action has a beginning and an end (and it's all in you brain)
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. July 21, 2010 - The Link Between Marijuana and Schizophrenia
Background


Brain electric field feedback

References:
  1. July 22, 2010 - The Brain's Electric Field Creates a Feedback Loop That Synchronizes Neural Activity
Background


SIRT1 and memory

References:
  1. July 22, 2010 - SIRT1 gene important for memory
Background



Health and medicine


AIDS

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - At Last, Vaginal Gel Scores Victory Against HIV
  2. July 19, 2010 - Gel shows promise against HIV
  3. July 19, 2010 - HIV/AIDS treatment curbs spread of disease: study
  4. July 19, 2010 - Scientists say vaginal gel cuts HIV-infections by half
  5. July 19, 2010 - Early HIV treatment will save lives and money, WHO says
  6. July 19, 2010 - AIDS breakthrough: Gel helps prevent infection - also here
  7. July 19, 2010 - AIDS breakthrough: Gel helps prevent infection - also here
  8. July 19, 2010 - Breakthrough gel cuts HIV, AIDS risk by 39
  9. July 20, 2010 - AIDS breakthrough: Gel helps prevent infection
  10. July 20, 2010 - Success at last for anti-HIV gel
  11. July 20, 2010 - Anti-HIV vaginal gel gives hope to millions
  12. July 20, 2010 - HIV's sugar coating offers new vaccine approach
  13. July 21, 2010 - Is there a cure for AIDS? Forum lifts a taboo
  14. July 21, 2010 - Immune to HIV: How Do They Do It?
  15. July 22, 2010 - Study finds early HAART during TB treatment boosts survival rate in co-infected people
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Impaired activity of the protein MTOR a strain on the heart
  2. July 19, 2010 - Increased waistline and high triglyceride levels indicate risk of coronary heart disease
  3. July 21, 2010 - New study gives first indication that smog might trigger cell death in the heart
  4. July 21, 2010 - Levels of 'good' cholesterol less relevant to cardiovascular risk once 'bad' cholesterol has been reduced
  5. July 21, 2010 - Muscular heart failure patients may have a better chance at survival: study
  6. July 21, 2010 - Can chaos theory help predict heart attacks?
  7. July 22, 2010 - Researchers find link between childhood physical abuse and heart disease
  8. July 23, 2010 - Inhibiting fatty acids in immune cells decreases atherosclerosis risk
  9. July 25, 2010 - Rare and common genetic variations responsible for high triglyceride levels in blood
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Researchers discover that gut bacteria affect multiple sclerosis
Background


Nanoparticle-stem-cell atherosclerosis therapy

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Nanoparticles plus adult stem cells demolish plaque
Background, Background, Background


Inhibition of virus replication with microRNA

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Scientists devise strategy in bid to beat viruses
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Painters at significantly increased risk of bladder cancer
  2. July 19, 2010 - Do cleaning products cause breast cancer?
  3. July 19, 2010 - Bevacizumab is safe in combination with chemotherapy for advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer
  4. July 19, 2010 - New Approach Developed to Improve Drug Delivery in Tumors
  5. July 19, 2010 - Online Tools Provide Insight for Prostate Cancer Patients
  6. July 19, 2010 - Test could predict which children with T-cell ALL are best candidates for clinical trials
  7. July 19, 2010 - Combined technologies offer promise for detecting colon cancer in women - also here
  8. July 20, 2010 - Scientists discover new genetic marker of ovarian cancer risk
  9. July 20, 2010 - Key pathway in end-stage prostate cancer tumor progression blocked
  10. July 20, 2010 - Faster tracking of lung tumors may help treatment
  11. July 20, 2010 - Asthma and eczema sufferers have a lower risk of developing a cancer
  12. July 20, 2010 - Experts veto Avastin as a breast cancer treatment - also here
  13. July 21, 2010 - A new drug treatment to close the window on colon cancer
  14. July 21, 2010 - HPV vaccine gives prolonged protection against genital warts and low-grade pre-cancerous growths
  15. July 22, 2010 - Study links African ancestry to high-risk breast cancer
  16. July 22, 2010 - Study ties abnormal cells in blood to lung cancer
  17. July 23, 2010 - Irradiating stem cell niche doubles survival in brain cancer patients
  18. July 23, 2010 - Gene May Hold Key to Reducing Spread of Oral Cancers
  19. July 23, 2010 - New test will revolutionise the treatment of childhood cancer
  20. July 23, 2010 - To screen or not to screen
  21. July 23, 2010 - Researchers isolate importance of gene in breast cancer prognosis
  22. July 23, 2010 - Noninvasive MR imaging of blood vessel growth in tumors using nanosized contrast agents
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Breast cancer cells regulate multiple genes in response to estrogen-like compounds
Background


Psoriasis

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Obesity in early adulthood associated with increased risk of psoriatic arthritis
Background


Glitazone diabetes drugs

References:
  1. July 19, 2010 - Doctors say it's already over for diabetes drug Avandia
  2. July 21, 2010 - Diabetes drugs offered fresh start
  3. July 21, 2010 - Planned Trial of Diabetes Drug Avandia Runs Aground
  4. July 21, 2010 - FDA issues hold on much-debated Avandia study - also here
Background, Background


Cognitive impairment

References:
  1. July 20, 2010 - Brain training reverses age-related cognitive decline: study
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. July 20, 2010 - Engineered stem cells may limit heart attack damage, improve function
  2. July 21, 2010 - Scientists isolate the first stages of tissue production in human embryonic stem cells
  3. July 21, 2010 - Researchers pinpoint key stem cells for eating and sex
Background


Promotion of neural stem cell proliferation

References:
  1. July 20, 2010 - Natural substance NT-020 aids aging brains in rats, study finds
Background, Background


Obesity

References:
  1. July 20, 2010 - Gut flora study gives insight into obesity
  2. July 22, 2010 - 'Cut down on meat to lose weight'
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. July 20, 2010 - Antibiotics for the prevention of malaria
Background


Celiac disease

References:
  1. July 21, 2010 - Separating wheat from chaff in celiac disease
  2. July 21, 2010 - Toxic trio identified as the basis of celiac disease
  3. July 21, 2010 - 'Toxic trio' triggers gut disease
  4. July 22, 2010 - Keys to gluten intolerance found
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. July 21, 2010 - Diet and behavior changes may slow Alzheimer's
  2. July 23, 2010 - Major breakthrough in Alzheimer research: Looking for Alzheimer's causes at cellular level
  3. July 25, 2010 - FDA approves larger dose of Pfizer's Aricept - also here
Background


Obesity, diabetes, and PPAR-γ

References:
  1. July 21, 2010 - Scientists uncover novel anti-diabetes mechanism
  2. July 21, 2010 - Scientists find unsuspected molecular link between obesity and insulin resistance
Background, Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. July 21, 2010 - Researchers use nanoparticles as destructive beacons to zap tumors
Background


TCF7L2, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. July 21, 2010 - Protein important in diabetes may also play a key role in heart disease, other disorders
Background, Background


SIRT1 and Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. July 22, 2010 - Gene linked to aging also linked to Alzheimer's - also here
  2. July 26, 2010 - Gene may hold key to treating Alzheimer's, MIT scientists say
  3. July 27, 2010 - Proteins linked to longevity also linked to Alzheimer's
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. July 22, 2010 - Breakdown of bone keeps blood sugar in check, new study finds
  2. July 22, 2010 - Study suggests link between metabolic disease, bone mass in mice
  3. July 22, 2010 - Bone 'turnover' link to diabetes
  4. July 26, 2010 - Bone Cells May Play a Part in Regulating the Body's Metabolism
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. July 22, 2010 - Specific protein may help neurons fix themselves in Parkinson's patients
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. July 22, 2010 - Math model of colon inflammation singles out dangerous immune cells
Background


Dementia

References:
  1. July 25, 2010 - Why more education lowers dementia risk
  2. July 25, 2010 - Education 'helps brain compensate for dementia changes'
  3. July 27, 2010 - More Education Delays Dementia Signs--But Not Damage
Background


Copyright © 2010 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved