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Volume 9, Number 29
July 19, 2010


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Global warming
Alternative theories of gravity
Supernovae
James Webb Space Telescope
Solar activity
Gamma-ray astronomy
Star-forming regions
Periodicity of mass extinctions
Plate tectonics
Extraterrestrial intelligence
Sea level rise
Formation of massive stars
Gamma-ray bursts
Supernova remnants
Dark energy
Extrasolar planets
Large Hadron Collider
Measurement of the Milky Way's age
Methane lakes on Titan
WISE telescope
Quasars
Herschel telescope
Solar corona

Technology

Terahertz technology
Nanotechnology
DNA sequencing with graphene
Graphene
Photovoltaics
Nanoscale viscosity
Superconductors
Carbon nanotubes
Trapping light
Immersion lithography
Microelectromechanical systems
Topological insulators
Fuel cells
Fullerenes
Microfluidics
Brain-computer interface

Life sciences

Rates of protein turnover
Protein structure
Protein acetylation in bacteria
PTEN and nerve regeneration
Ion channels and G-protein coupled receptors
Test of induced pluripotent stem cells for Parkinson's disease
Bioartificial lungs
Intestinal bacteriophages
Evolution of sperm
Lysosomes
JNK and the cell cycle
Location of genetic activity in bacteria
Histone modifications and DNA accessibility
Gene-regulating micropeptides
Animal brain size and lifespan
Genes, diet, exercise, and longevity
Epigenetic action of AMPK in cell stress response
Retrovirus replication
Initiation of gene transcription by RNA polymerase
Immune system recognition of viral RNA
Bacteria and methane in marine environments
Transciptional enhancers
Proteomics of spinal fluid
Caloric restriction, telomeres, and lifespan extension
Energy cost of immune response
Hedgehog signaling and animal segmentation
Metaproteome of termite intestines
Pre-B cell receptors
Regulation of autophagy by mTOR
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Signal transduction in prokaryotes

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Brain development and evolution
Fruit fly motion perception
Learning and memory consolidation
Effect of language on behavior and cognition
Inattention blindness
Verbal cues and visual perception
Synaesthesia
Oxytocin
Leptin effects on learning and memory
GABA synapses
Brain-imaging studies
Fat distribution and cognitive performance
Effects of electric fields on brain activity
Reversal by exercise of psychological trauma
Wnt signaling and psychiatric illness
Astrocytes
Proprioception and the posterior parietal cortex
Effect of neurofibromatosis on working memory
Dopamine receptor DRD4 and alcohol consumption

Health and medicine

Rosiglitazone
Vaccines
Immune system cancer therapy
Vitamin D deficiency and dementia
Cancer
Cancer biology
Epigenetic factors in birth defects
Antibiotics
Genetic diseases
Dementia
Parkinson's disease
Malaria
Diabetes
Weight-loss drugs
Asthma
Cardiovascular disease
Metabolic syndrome
Antisense disease therapies
Alzheimer's disease
Multiple sclerosis
Obesity
Gene therapy
Stem cells
Macrophages and inflammatory disease
Drug delivery
MicroRNA and cancer
Drug discovery
Influenza vaccine
Nanobiotechnology
AIDS
Cancer genomics
Inflammatory bowel disease
Anti-inflammatory activity of phytochemical TBK1 inhibitors
Resveratrol and cancer



Physical sciences


Global warming

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Scientists Quantify Global Warming's Threat to Public Health
  2. July 14, 2010 - Heat waves, record high temperatures could be norm in U.S. by 2039
  3. July 15, 2010 - June Earth's hottest ever: US monitors - also here
  4. July 15, 2010 - Warmest June on Record, Climate Scientists Say - also here
  5. July 15, 2010 - NOAA: June, April to June, and Year-to-Date Global Temperatures are Warmest on Record
  6. July 16, 2010 - Official Reminder: A Hotter Millennium Is a Bad Thing
  7. July 16, 2010 - Heat of the Moment: How Much Global Warming Are We Willing to Take?
  8. July 16, 2010 - Photos 'show Himalayan glaciers receding'
  9. July 16, 2010 - Comparative photos of Mount Everest 'confirm ice loss'
  10. July 16, 2010 - World simmers in hottest year so far
  11. July 26, 2010 - 2010 to Be One of Hottest Years on Record
Background


Alternative theories of gravity

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Revised theory of gravity doesn't predict a Big Bang
Background


Supernovae

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Origin of Key Cosmic Explosions Still a Mystery - also here, here
  2. July 19, 2010 - Astronomers Hunt for Ticking Time Bombs
Background


James Webb Space Telescope

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Behind-the-Scenes Tests with the Webb Telescope's Mass Simulator
Background


Solar activity

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Magnetic Loops Photographed Erupting From the Sun
Background


Gamma-ray astronomy

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Gamma ray universe mapped by spacecraft
Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. July 13, 2010 - Hubble Captures Cosmic Cauldron
  2. July 13, 2010 - Hubble snaps sharp image of cosmic concoction - also here, here
  3. July 13, 2010 - Star Nursery Photographed in Vivid Colors
  4. July 14, 2010 - Roiling Cosmic Brew
Background


Periodicity of mass extinctions

References:
  1. July 13, 2010 - Death Star Off the Hook for Mass Extinctions
Background


Plate tectonics

References:
  1. July 13, 2010 - Australian plate warped by speed
  2. July 15, 2010 - A New Engine for Plate Tectonics
  3. July 16, 2010 - Breakthrough achieved in explaining why tectonic plates move the way they do - also here
  4. July 16, 2010 - New theory on why some mountains crumble
  5. July 19, 2010 - New theory for what drives plate tectonics
Background


Extraterrestrial intelligence

References:
  1. July 13, 2010 - Huge telescope will struggle to find extraterrestrial life
  2. July 13, 2010 - Long odds of finding ET, say researchers
  3. July 14, 2010 - Our Eavesdropping-on-ET Strategy Not Likely to Work
Background


Sea level rise

References:
  1. July 13, 2010 - Sea levels rising in parts of Indian Ocean, according to new study - also here, here, here
  2. July 14, 2010 - Indian Ocean Sea-Level Rise Threatens Coastal Areas
  3. July 14, 2010 - Indian Ocean sea level rise threatens millions
Background, Background


Formation of massive stars

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - Unravelling the Mystery of Massive Star Birth: All Stars are Born the Same Way - also here, here
  2. July 14, 2010 - Giant Stars Seem To Form Just Like Smaller Ones
  3. July 14, 2010 - Super stars of the universe have humble beginnings - also here
  4. July 15, 2010 - Big baby star spotted in dusty womb
  5. July 22, 2010 - Big Baby
Background


Gamma-ray bursts

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - Blinded by the X-ray Light
  2. July 14, 2010 - Record-Breaking X-ray Blast Briefly Blinds Space Observatory - also here, here
  3. July 14, 2010 - Ultrabright Gamma-ray Burst "Blinded" NASA Telescope
  4. July 14, 2010 - Record-breaking X-ray blast briefly blinds space observatory
  5. July 14, 2010 - Record-Breaking X-Ray Blast Blinds Space Observatory Briefly
  6. July 15, 2010 - Brightest star explosion seen blinds satellite
  7. July 19, 2010 - Huge gamma-ray burst blinds telescope
  8. July 19, 2010 - Powerful cosmic blast blinds telescope
Background


Supernova remnants

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - In the Constellation Cassiopeia
Background


Dark energy

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - Dark Energy Measurement Sheds New Light on Universe's Expansion - also here
Background, Background, Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - A Jupiter-Sized 'Comet'
  2. July 15, 2010 - Planet Found With Comet-like Tail
  3. July 15, 2010 - Superhot Planet Likely Possesses Comet-like Tail - also here, here
  4. July 15, 2010 - Scorched Alien Planet Has a Comet Tail
  5. July 15, 2010 - NASA: Hubble detects superheated comet planet
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - Shutting Off the Large Hadron Collider
Background


Measurement of the Milky Way's age

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - Refining a cosmic clock
Background


Methane lakes on Titan

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - Scientists measure changing lake depths on Titan - also here
Background


WISE telescope

References:
  1. July 16, 2010 - NASA's WISE Mission to Complete Extensive Sky Survey - also here
  2. July 16, 2010 - Prolific NASA Sky-Mapper Finds 25,000 Hidden Asteroids
  3. July 19, 2010 - WISE Takes a Look (All) Around
  4. July 19, 2010 - NASA telescope made in Utah set to finish survey
Background


Quasars

References:
  1. July 16, 2010 - Reverse cosmic lens advances quasar studies
  2. July 16, 2010 - A Quasi-Stellar Looking Glass
  3. July 16, 2010 - Astronomers discover an unusual cosmic lens - also here, here
  4. July 20, 2010 - Astrophysicists discover a quasar that acts as a cosmic lens
  5. July 27, 2010 - Massive Black Hole Bends Light to Magnify Distant Galaxy
Background


Herschel telescope

References:
  1. July 16, 2010 - Herschel: The first science highlights - also here
Background


Solar corona

References:
  1. July 16, 2010 - Sun's Outer Atmosphere Revealed By Total Solar Eclipse
Background



Technology


Terahertz technology

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Terahertz Detectors Could See Through Your Clothes From a Mile Away
  2. July 13, 2010 - Bomb-detecting sensors advance at 'terahertz' scale
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Chemists make breakthrough in nanoscience research
Background


DNA sequencing with graphene

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - DNA through graphene nanopores - also here
  2. July 21, 2010 - Graphene could revolutionize DNA sequencing
Background, Background


Graphene

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Graphene soaks up arsenic
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. July 13, 2010 - Imec reports record efficiencies for large-area epitaxial thin-film silicon solar cells
  2. July 16, 2010 - Nanopillars that Trap More Light
Background


Nanoscale viscosity

References:
  1. July 13, 2010 - Viscosity at the Nanoscale: Intriguing 50-Year-Old Puzzle Solved
Background


Superconductors

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - Key advance in understanding 'pseudogap' phase in high-Tc superconductors - also here
  2. July 14, 2010 - New superconductor research may solve key problem in physics
  3. July 15, 2009 - 'Broken symmetry' discovery in high-temperature superconductors opens new research path
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - Nanotubes pass acid test - also here, here
  2. July 14, 2010 - Submarines could use new nanotube technology for sonar and stealth - also here
Background


Trapping light

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - Rainbow trapping in light pulses - also here
Background


Immersion lithography

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - Imec, ASML demonstrate potential of 193nm immersion lithography with freeform illumination
Background


Microelectromechanical systems

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - Imec's SiGe MEMS technology platform improves performance of state-of-the-art MEMS
Background


Topological insulators

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - Topological electrons reach the next step
Background, Background, Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. July 16, 2010 - The Case of the Poisoned Fuel Cell
Background


Fullerenes

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - Nearly Hard as Steel: Aluminum with Fullerenes
Background


Microfluidics

References:
  1. July 16, 2010 - Novel microfluidic HIV test is quick and cheap - also here
Background


Brain-computer interface

References:
  1. July 16, 2010 - Darpa is ready to test mind-controlled prostheses
Background



Life sciences


Rates of protein turnover

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Proteins last longer in the brain
Background


Protein structure

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Fundamental forces in protein structure revisited
Background


Protein acetylation in bacteria

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - 'Dawning of a new age' in bacteria research - also here, here
Background, Background


PTEN and nerve regeneration

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - New discovery in nerve regrowth - also here
Background


Ion channels and G-protein coupled receptors

References:
  1. July 13, 2010 - Team takes high resolution photo of a K+ channel - also here
Background


Test of induced pluripotent stem cells for Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. July 13, 2010 - Stem cell method put to the test in Parkinson's study
  2. July 14, 2010 - Skin cells could help discover cause of Parkinson's disease - also here
Background, Background


Bioartificial lungs

References:
  1. July 13, 2010 - Artificial lung "breathes" in rats: study - also here
  2. July 15, 2010 - Bioartificial lungs transplanted into rats
Background


Intestinal bacteriophages

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - The gut's 'friendly' viruses revealed
  2. July 14, 2010 - A Viral Wonderland in the Human Gut
  3. July 14, 2010 - Everyone poops his or her own viruses
  4. July 14, 2010 - People Have Friendly Gut Viruses
  5. July 14, 2010 - Friendly viruses in the intestine are unique - even among identical twins
  6. July 21, 2010 - Study finds gutful of unknown viruses
Background


Evolution of sperm

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - Animal sperm arose once
  2. July 15, 2010 - Primordial Sperm Gene Found
  3. July 15, 2010 - Scientists discover human sperm gene is 600 million years old - also here
  4. July 16, 2010 - Human Sperm Gene Traced to Dawn of Animal Evolution
Background


Lysosomes

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - Opening the gate to the cell's recycling center - also here
  2. July 19, 2009 - How our cells get rid of junk and recycle
Background


JNK and the cell cycle

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - New role for the JNK protein - also here
Background


Location of genetic activity in bacteria

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - In the Bacterial World, Genetic Messengers Work Close to Home
Background, Background


Histone modifications and DNA accessibility

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - Histone modifications control accessibility of DNA
Background


Gene-regulating micropeptides

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - Mystery RNA spawns gene-activating peptides
Background, Background


Animal brain size and lifespan

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - Brain size associated with longevity - also here
  2. July 16, 2010 - The protective brain hypothesis is confirmed
Background


Genes, diet, exercise, and longevity

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - The Secrets of Longevity
Background, Background


Epigenetic action of AMPK in cell stress response

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - New role for master regulator in cell metabolism, response to stress - also here
  2. July 20, 2010 - Unlocking the secrets of cellular energy holds promise for obesity, diabetes and cancer
Background, Background


Retrovirus replication

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - Retrovirus replication process different than thought - also here, here
Background


Initiation of gene transcription by RNA polymerase

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - Scientists demonstrate role of RNA polymerase in gene transcription
Background


Immune system recognition of viral RNA

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - Researchers examine human immune response to virus at the atomic level - also here
Background


Bacteria and methane in marine environments

References:
  1. July 16, 2010 - Ocean bacteria may create as much methane as they destroy
Background, Background, Background


Transciptional enhancers

References:
  1. July 16, 2010 - Redundant genetic instructions in 'junk DNA' support healthy development - also here, here
Background, Background


Proteomics of spinal fluid

References:
  1. July 16, 2010 - Thousands of New Proteins Discovered in Spinal Fluid
Background


Caloric restriction, telomeres, and lifespan extension

References:
  1. July 16, 2010 - Insight into why low calorie diet can extend lifespan -- even if adopted later in life - also here
Background, Background


Energy cost of immune response

References:
  1. July 16, 2010 - Even mild immune reactions have significant energy costs, evolutionary anthropologist finds
Background


Hedgehog signaling and animal segmentation

References:
  1. July 16, 2010 - Segmentation is the secret behind the extraordinary diversification of animals
Background


Metaproteome of termite intestines

References:
  1. July 16, 2010 - It Takes 'Guts' to Explore the Next Proteomics Frontier
Background


Pre-B cell receptors

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - Long-Sought Ligand for Receptors on Precursor B Cells Discovered
Background


Regulation of autophagy by mTOR

References:
  1. July 16, 2010 - Hungry Cells, on a Binge, Know Their Own Limits
Background


Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

References:
  1. July 17, 2010 - Scientists Find a New Toxin That May be Key to MRSA Severity - also here
Background


Signal transduction in prokaryotes

References:
  1. July 18, 2010 - Cell Signaling Classification System Gives Researchers New Tool
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Brain development and evolution

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Human Evolution Recapped in Kidsí Brain Growth
  2. July 12, 2010 - Human Brains "Evolve," Become Less Monkey-Like With Age
  3. July 12, 2010 - Baby brain growth mirrors changes from apes to humans
  4. July 13, 2010 - Evolution determines infant brain growth
Background, Background


Fruit fly motion perception

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - The brain of the fly - a high-speed computer - also here, here
Background, Background


Learning and memory consolidation

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Why (smart) practice makes perfect - also here
Background


Effect of language on behavior and cognition

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - A person's language may influence how he thinks about other people - also here
Background


Inattention blindness

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Expecting the unexpected does not improve one's chances of seeing it - also here, here
  2. July 12, 2010 - 'Invisible Gorilla' Test Shows How Little We Notice
Background


Verbal cues and visual perception

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Making the invisible visible: Verbal -- not visual -- cues enhance visual detection - also here, here, here
Background


Synaesthesia

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Can you teach yourself synaesthesia?
Background


Oxytocin

References:
  1. July 13, 2010 - Hormone study finds monkeys in long-term relationship look strangely human
Background


Leptin effects on learning and memory

References:
  1. July 13, 2010 - Adiposity hormone, leptin, regulates food intake by influencing learning and memory - also here
Background, Background


GABA synapses

References:
  1. July 13, 2010 - Understanding Balance in the Nervous System
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. July 13, 2010 - Celebrity endorsement 'alters brain activity'
Background


Fat distribution and cognitive performance

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - Body shape may affect mental acuity
Background, Background


Effects of electric fields on brain activity

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - Study Shows Electrical Fields Influence Brain Activity - also here
Background


Reversal by exercise of psychological trauma

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - Exercise's brain benefits - also here
Background


Wnt signaling and psychiatric illness

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - Study sheds light on how psychiatric risk gene disrupts brain development - also here
Background


Astrocytes

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - Breath of fresh air for brain 'glue' cells
  2. July 15, 2010 - Brain 'stars' help breathing
  3. July 15, 2010 - Bright stars of the brain regulate breathing
Background


Proprioception and the posterior parietal cortex

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - Part of the brain that tracks limbs in space discovered
Background


Effect of neurofibromatosis on working memory

References:
  1. July 16, 2010 - Study shows how memory is disrupted in those with disease linked to learning disabilities - also here
Background, Background


Dopamine receptor DRD4 and alcohol consumption

References:
  1. July 16, 2010 - DNA variant may make heavy boozing a team sport
Background



Health and medicine


Rosiglitazone

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Avandia in the Hot Seat as Key Vote Nears
  2. July 14, 2010 - High-stakes U.S. vote nears on Glaxo diabetes drug
  3. July 14, 2010 - FDA Panel Gives Avandia a Qualified Thumbs-Down
  4. July 14, 2010 - Q+A: Should Avandia be pulled? U.S. panel says no - also here
  5. July 14, 2010 - U.S. advisers say keep Glaxo diabetes drug on market - also here
  6. July 14, 2010 - FDA panel: Diabetes drug should stay on market - also here
Background, Background


Vaccines

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - The Vaccine That Came In From the Cold
  2. July 13, 2010 - Arctic genes kill bacteria
Background


Immune system cancer therapy

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Scientists create army of tumor-fighting immune cells and watch as they attack cancer - also here
Background, Background


Vitamin D deficiency and dementia

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Vitamin D deficiency increases the risk of cognitive decline in the elderly
  2. July 12, 2010 - Low vitamin D increases risk of dementia in elderly
  3. July 13, 2010 - Low Vitamin D Levels Associated With Cognitive Decline
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - How prostate cancer packs a punch - also here
  2. July 12, 2010 - Stem cell transplantation of therapy-resistant chronic leukemia successful - also here
  3. July 12, 2010 - Study makes exciting progress in elucidating the mechanisms of bortezomib in lymphoma - also here
  4. July 12, 2010 - Arsenic shows promise as cancer treatment, study finds
  5. July 12, 2010 - Colorectal cancer screening in Canada is cost-effective - also here
  6. July 12, 2010 - Radiation device allows for targeted breast radiation to control cancer
  7. July 12, 2010 - Cancer survival figures 'double' since 1970s
  8. July 12, 2010 - U.S. cancer group endorses newer breast cancer drugs - also here, here
  9. July 13, 2010 - Dental researchers discover human beta defensins-3 ignite in oral cancer growth - also here
  10. July 13, 2010 - High-risk prostate cancer associated with significantly lower bone mineral content loss - also here
  11. July 13, 2010 - Knowing Risk Factors Can Prevent Colon Cancer
  12. July 13, 2010 - Childhood cancer survivors face higher death risk 25 years later, from cancer, circulatory diseases - also here
  13. July 13, 2010 - Prediction tool helps estimate local recurrence in patients with noninvasive breast cancer
  14. July 13, 2010 - Scientists identify molecular predictor of prognosis for pancreatic cancer patients - also here, here, here
  15. July 13, 2010 - New 3-D Imaging Techniques for Improved Lung Cancer Drug Development
  16. July 13, 2010 - Cancer survivors have higher death risk for decades
  17. July 14, 2010 - Does the existing standard of care supply energy sources to brain tumor cells? - also here
  18. July 14, 2010 - Discovery of gene in aggressive spread of cancer
  19. July 15, 2010 - Report outlines knowledge gaps for 20 suspected carcinogens
  20. July 15, 2010 - New discovery brings hope to treatment of incurable blood cancer - also here
  21. July 15, 2010 - The probability of surviving nine types of cancer is analyzed - also here
  22. July 15, 2010 - Toxicity increases with combined chemo/radiation treatments for nasopharyngeal carcinoma - also here
  23. July 15, 2010 - Study aimed at T-cell lymphoma
  24. July 15, 2010 - Spanish Gene Expression Data Promise Targeting of Anti-Angiogenesis Treatment
  25. July 15, 2010 - Finding Cancer 'Cold Spots' Can Help Minimize Radiotherapy Side-Effects
  26. July 15, 2010 - U.S. probing cancer risk of blood pressure drugs - also here
  27. July 15, 2010 - U.S. groups target 20 possible causes of cancer
  28. July 16, 2010 - Researchers find way to make cancer cells more mortal - also here
  29. July 16, 2010 - Concentration, timing and interactions are key when it comes to dietary compounds
  30. July 16, 2010 - New recommendations issued for use of cetuximab in colon cancer therapy - also here
  31. July 16, 2010 - FDA staff question Roche drug breast cancer data
  32. July 16, 2010 - FDA says breast cancer drug did not extend lives - also here
  33. July 18, 2010 - Discovery suggests possible treatment strategy for aggressive leukemias
  34. July 18, 2010 - Studies gauge techniques for measuring breast density -- a predictor of cancer
  35. July 18, 2010 - Study shows how technology may improve treatment for children with brain cancer
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Enhancer of prostate cancer risk located in gene desert
  2. July 13, 2010 - Anti-cancer effects of broccoli ingredient explained - also here
  3. July 13, 2010 - Newly Discovered Protein Function Linked to Breast Cancer
  4. July 13, 2010 - Scientists score 'hat-trick' against cancer
  5. July 13, 2010 - 'Mahjong' gene is key player when cancer, normal cells compete - also here
  6. July 13, 2010 - Gene Associated with Rare Adrenal Disorder Appears To Trigger Cell Death
  7. July 13, 2010 - Divide and conquer: Genes decide who wins in the body's battle against cancer
  8. July 14, 2010 - Mechanism for link between high fat diet and risk of prostate cancer and disorders unveiled - also here
  9. July 15, 2010 - Arsenic Shows Promise as Cancer Treatment, Study Finds
  10. July 18, 2010 - Scientists develop new genomics-based approach to understand origin of cancer subgroups
Background


Epigenetic factors in birth defects

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Study implicates new epigenetic player in mental retardation and facial birth defects
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Key milestone towards the development of a new clinically useful antibiotic
  2. July 13, 2010 - Researchers fighting bacterial infections zero in on microorganism's soft spots - also here
  3. July 15, 2010 - Research shows how cranberry juice fights bacteria at the molecular level
  4. July 16, 2010 - Doctors reconsider old antibiotics despite hazards
Background


Genetic diseases

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Double-teaming a whole-genome hunt
Background


Dementia

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Eating foods rich in vitamin E associated with lower dementia risk
  2. July 12, 2010 - Study finds apathy and depression predict progression from mild cognitive impairment - also here
  3. July 13, 2010 - Medications found to cause long term cognitive impairment of aging brain - also here
  4. July 13, 2010 - Study: Exercise, tea and vitamin D to ward off dementia
  5. July 13, 2010 - Higher vitamin E intake tied to lower dementia risk
  6. July 14, 2010 - Researchers find dementia in diabetics differs from dementia in nondiabetics - also here
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Vitamin D levels associated with Parkinson's disease risk - also here
  2. July 12, 2010 - New evidence shows low vitamin D levels lead to Parkinson's disease
  3. July 12, 2010 - Low vitamin D levels 'linked to Parkinson's disease'
  4. July 12, 2010 - Why Parkinson's disease patients aren't walking tall
  5. July 13, 2010 - Vitamin D levels linked to Parkinson's disease risk
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Antimalarial drug artemisinin moves into production
  2. July 14, 2010 - Drugs + Mosquitoes = Malaria Vaccine?
  3. July 14, 2010 - Antibiotics could help control malaria: study
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Discovery points to new approach for diabetes therapy - also here
  2. July 12, 2010 - Women with gestational diabetes have increased risk of recurrence in subsequent pregnancies
  3. July 13, 2010 - Indian doctors hail diabetes breakthrough
  4. July 13, 2010 - Children's gut bacteria linked to type 1 diabetes
  5. July 13, 2010 - Disruption of circadian rhythm could lead to diabetes
  6. July 14, 2010 - Cashew seed extract an effective anti-diabetic - also here
  7. July 15, 2010 - Diabetes Risk: Waist Circumference Gives Better Prediction Than BMI
Background


Weight-loss drugs

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Experimental obesity drug avoids brain effects that troubled predecessors
  2. July 12, 2010 - FDA to review first of 3 new weight loss drugs - also here
  3. July 13, 2010 - New obesity drug works, but FDA has safety worries
  4. July 13, 2010 - Vivus weight loss drug faces FDA panel this week - also here
  5. July 14, 2010 - Experimental diet pill shows promise, little risk - also here
  6. July 15, 2010 - Vivus' weight-loss drug faces key U.S. test - also here
  7. July 15, 2010 - U.S. advisers reject Vivus' fat pill - also here
  8. July 15, 2010 - FDA panel rejects experimental weight loss pill - also here
Background


Asthma

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - 'TIMely' intervention for asthma
  2. July 13, 2010 - Interferon might help asthma patients breathe easier, study suggests - also here
  3. July 15, 2010 - Mediterranean diet may not protect against asthma
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Combined behavioral interventions best way to reduce heart disease risk
  2. July 12, 2010 - Obstructive sleep apnea linked with later risk of heart disease - also here
  3. July 12, 2010 - All kids should have cholesterol tests: study
  4. July 13, 2010 - Eating pistachios lowers cholesterol, boosts antioxidants, more
  5. July 13, 2010 - Depressed men with ED at risk for cardiovascular problems - also here
  6. July 14, 2010 - Water's Unexpected Role in Blood Pressure Control
  7. July 15, 2010 - Stroke risk temporarily increases for an hour after drinking alcohol - also here
  8. July 15, 2010 - Living near traffic pollution tied to heart deaths
Background


Metabolic syndrome

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Study finds early predictors of metabolic syndrome in healthy 7-9 year-olds
  2. July 15, 2010 - Farm, food service jobs tied to heart disease risk - also here
Background, Background, Background


Antisense disease therapies

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Researchers demonstrate efficacy of antisense therapy for spinal muscular atrophy - also here
Background, Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Larger head size may protect against Alzheimer's symptoms - also here
  2. July 12, 2010 - Big head 'may protect against dementia'
  3. July 12, 2010 - Alzheimer's advances show need for better drugs - also here
  4. July 13, 2010 - Rules Seek to Expand Diagnosis of Alzheimer's
  5. July 13, 2010 - Updated Alzheimer's guidelines add very early stage
  6. July 13, 2010 - Bapineuzumab may cut 2nd Alzheimer's protein-study
  7. July 14, 2010 - New Diagnostic Criteria for Alzheimer's Include Brain Scans and Spinal Taps
  8. July 14, 2010 - Researchers discover possible way to predict Alzheimer's
  9. July 14, 2010 - Study shows that major Alzheimer's risk gene causes alterations in shapes of brain protein deposits - also here
  10. July 14, 2010 - Problematic Blood Clotting Contributes to Alzheimer's Disease
  11. July 14, 2010 - Sniffing insulin may help memory lost to Alzheimer's - also here
  12. July 14, 2010 - Early diagnosis can cut Alzheimer's costs: study
  13. July 14, 2010 - Insulin via nasal spray shows benefit in Alzheimer's patients
  14. July 15, 2010 - Scientists reveal crucial dementia vaccine findings
  15. July 15, 2010 - Rescuing fruit flies from Alzheimer's disease - also here
  16. July 15, 2010 - U.S. study may be ideal test for Alzheimer's drugs
  17. July 16, 2010 - Putting Alzheimer's on early notice
  18. July 16, 2010 - Emotions may be blunted in Alzheimer's patients
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. July 12, 2010 - Russia okays Merck KGaA's multiple sclerosis pill
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. July 13, 2010 - The meal as medicine: Anti-obesity effects of soy in a rat model of menopause
  2. July 13, 2010 - Brain responses of obese individuals are more weakly linked to feelings of hunger - also here
  3. July 13, 2010 - Greater obesity in offspring of nursing mothers consuming a high-fat diet
  4. July 13, 2010 - Study finds lifelong doubling in death risk for men who are obese at age 20 years - also here
  5. July 13, 2010 - Obesity is associated with reduced sensitivity to fat
  6. July 13, 2010 - Danish Study: Obese Men Face Higher Death Risk
  7. July 14, 2010 - Obesity harms women's memory and brain function - also here
  8. July 14, 2010 - Big hips 'impair' women's memory, a study finds
  9. July 14, 2010 - More weight may equal less brainpower, study finds
  10. July 14, 2010 - Excess Weight in Older Women Linked to Diminished Memory - also here
  11. July 16, 2010 - Omega imbalance can make obesity 'inheritable': study
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. July 13, 2010 - Gene therapy breakthrough heralds treatment for beta-thalassemia - also here
  2. July 13, 2010 - Innovation and current status of prostate cancer gene therapy featured in Human Gene Therapy
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. July 13, 2010 - Improving clinical use of stem cells to repair heart damage - also here
  2. July 13, 2010 - Stem cell therapy 'first' in trial on arthritic knees
  3. July 13, 2010 - Stem cell method put to the test in Parkinson's study
  4. July 15, 2010 - Scientists develop new way to grow adult stem cells in culture - also here
  5. July 18, 2010 - Key protein influences stem cell fate
Background


Macrophages and inflammatory disease

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - Scientists discover clues to inflammatory disease - also here
Background


Drug delivery

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - Supercharged proteins enter biology's forbidden zone - also here
Background


MicroRNA and cancer

References:
  1. July 14, 2010 - Researcher targets gene regulators on link between arsenic, cancer
Background, Background


Drug discovery

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - Researchers cut years from drug development with nanoscopic bead technology - also here
Background


Influenza vaccine

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - Scientists advance universal flu vaccine - also here
  2. July 15, 2010 - Two-step vaccine may offer "universal" flu jab
Background, Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - New arsenic nanoparticle blocks aggressive breast cancer - also here
  2. July 16, 2010 - Sugar-Coated Nanotubes Deliver High-Dose Radiotherapy
  3. July 17, 2010 - Nanoparticles Assembled Inside Tumors Trap Drugs and Imaging Agents
  4. July 18, 2010 - Magnetic Nanoparticles Remove Ovarian Cancer Cells from the Abdominal Cavity
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - HIV appears to moderately increase the risk of death even in people with high CD4 count
  2. July 17, 2010 - Many forks loom in road to AIDS vaccine
  3. July 18, 2010 - New HIV treatment guidelines indicate importance of early, individualized antiretroviral treatment
  4. July 18, 2010 - HIV vaccines may induce HIV antibodies in trial participants, can cause false-positive test result
  5. July 18, 2010 - Drugs, microbicide gel, money top issues at AIDS meet
  6. July 18, 2010 - Introduction of highly active antiretroviral treatment for HIV patients has halved new HIV diagnoses since 1996
  7. July 18, 2010 - AIDS drug cocktails halve new HIV cases in study
  8. July 18, 2010 - AIDS groups call for "renaissance" in vaccine hunt - also here
  9. July 18, 2010 - Treating HIV Also Prevents Its Spread, Study Finds - also here
Background


Cancer genomics

References:
  1. July 15, 2010 - Largest study of genomes and cancer treatments releases first results - also here
Background, Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. July 16, 2010 - Simple screening test reduces invasive examinations for suspected bowel disease
Background


Anti-inflammatory activity of phytochemical TBK1 inhibitors

References:
  1. July 16, 2010 - Luteolin Stars in Study of Healthful Plant Compounds
Background


Resveratrol and cancer

References:
  1. July 18, 2010 - Concentration, Timing and Interactions Are Key When It Comes to Dietary Compounds
Background


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