Open Questions Chronicle

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Volume 9, Number 17
April 26, 2010


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Star-forming regions
Gamma-ray bursts
Galaxy mergers
Neutron stars
Dark energy
Global warming
Earthquakes
Earth's core
Solar Dynamics Observatory
Extrasolar planets
Hubble Space Telescope 20th anniversary
Infrared astronomy
Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer
Ocean acidification
Pulsars
Bottom quarks
M81 halo
Paleoclimatology
Coronal mass ejections
Antarctic Bottom Water

Technology

Quantum cryptography
Graphene
Quantum computing
Photovoltaics
Fast transistors
Nanotechnology
Scanning-probe lithography
Frequency-controlled magnetic vortex memory
Lab-on-a-chip
All-optical data networks
Superconductivity
Networked meeting archiving
Plasmonics
Molecular computing

Life sciences

Evolution of human hands
Homo floresiensis
Rho proteins
Neanderthals
Mitosis
Olfaction and longevity
Extremophiles
Genomics
Transposases
Toxoplasma gondii infection strategy
Amino acid chirality
MicroRNA
Preimplantation embryonic development
Ubiquitin, RIG-I, and antiviral immune response
T cells
HIV-salmonella infection interaction
Origins of biochemical replication
Generation of biological diversity
Transporter proteins
Gene expression in bacteria
Herpes virus silencing of host genes with microRNA
Embryonic heart development
Speciation
Gene regulation
Cancer genome projects
Tissue regeneration
Genetic engineering
Bacterial lipopolysaccharides
Induced pluripotent stem cells

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Cooperative behavior, rewards, and punishment
Interconnection of basal ganglia and cerebellum
Stress and metabolic disease
COMT allele and protection against cognitive decline
BDNF-like small molecules
Stress and sociability
Corvid intelligence
Chloride channels and neuron excitability
Autism
Emotions, decision making, and the nucleus accumbens
Casual speech
Human male competitiveness
Dreaming and memory
Network structure of human brains, nematodes, and computer chips
Genes and intelligence
Auditory reinforcement of memory
Depression
GABAB receptors

Health and medicine

Personalized cancer treatment
Obesity-promoting FTO allele and brain tissue loss
Tissue engineering
Cancer
Nanobiotechnology
Avian flu
Metabolic syndrome
MicroRNA and cancer
Parkinson's disease
Cardiovascular disease
Inflammatory bowel disease
Obesity
DNA vaccines
Diabetes
Malaria
Hepatitis C
Drug discovery
Autoimmune diseases
Alzheimer's disease
Fat loss and reduction in pro-inflammatory immune cells
Cancer biology
AIDS
Physical activity and weight gain
Lupus
Rheumatoid arthritis
Cancer vaccines
Resveratrol and stroke damage reduction
Omega-3 fatty acids and cognitive function
Antibiotic resistance
Gene therapy
Prediction of drug interactions
Stem cells
Chokeberry anthocyanins



Physical sciences


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Spectacular New View of a Cosmic Cat's Paw
  2. April 19, 2010 - The Glow of the Lagoon Nebula
  3. April 20, 2010 - Stars in the Making
  4. April 21, 2010 - VISTA Captures Celestial Cat's Hidden Secrets - also here, here
  5. April 22, 2010 - Hubble's new instant classic
  6. April 23, 2010 - Hubble Telescope Spies Majestic Space Mountains
  7. April 23, 2010 - Celebrate Hubble's 20th With Best Space Image Ever
  8. April 26, 2010 - Cosmic Cat's Paw Dazzles in New Photo
  9. April 27, 2010 - Hubble's Mystic Mountain
Background


Gamma-ray bursts

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - NASA's Swift catches 500th gamma-ray burst - also here
  2. April 21, 2010 - NASA Observatory Sees 500th Huge Explosion in Deep Space
Background


Galaxy mergers

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Researchers study galaxy mergers - also here, here
Background


Neutron stars

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Young and getting cooler: The early life of a neutron star
Background


Dark energy

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Novel Experiment Prepares to Join Dark Energy Hunt
  2. April 21, 2010 - Searching for dark energy with the whole world's supernova dataset - also here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Geologists Drill into Antarctica and Find Troubling Signs for Ice Sheets' Future
  2. April 21, 2010 - Topography of mountains could complicate rates of global warming - also here
  3. April 21, 2010 - Global Temperatures Push March 2010 to Hottest March on Record
  4. April 21, 2010 - 'Paltry' Copenhagen carbon pledges point to 3C world
  5. April 22, 2010 - Copenhagen sets Earth for more warming
  6. April 25, 2010 - Soil Microbes Produce Less Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Than Expected With Climate Warming
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Probing China's deadly quake
Background


Earth's core

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Earth's core has its own pole (and it's at the equator)
  2. April 21, 2010 - Lopsided Growth at the Earth's Core
Background


Solar Dynamics Observatory

References:
  1. April 21, 2010 - Solar-staring spacecraft captures novel views of sun's violence
  2. April 21, 2010 - New Space Telescope Delivers First Mind-Blowing Video of the Sun
  3. April 21, 2010 - NASA Solar Observatory's First Shots
  4. April 21, 2010 - NASA's New Eye on the Sun Delivers Stunning First Images - also here, here
  5. April 21, 2010 - 'Spectacular' First Images from New Solar Observatory Released
  6. April 21, 2010 - Nasa's Solar Dynamics Observatory returns first images
  7. April 22, 2010 - First stunning images from NASA's Sun gazer
  8. April 22, 2010 - Solar spacecraft begins study of our Sun
  9. April 29, 2010 - Solar Dynamics Observatory gives us a deeper look at the Sun
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. April 21, 2010 - 'This Planet Tastes Funny,' According to Spitzer - also here, here
  2. April 21, 2010 - Alien Planet Has Pretty Weird Atmosphere
Background


Hubble Space Telescope 20th anniversary

References:
  1. April 21, 2010 - Hubble Space Telescope: 20 Years of Cosmic Awe
  2. April 22, 2010 - Hubble Space Telescope clocks up 20 years
  3. April 22, 2010 - Hubble's new instant classic
  4. April 23, 2010 - Hubble turns 20: a retrospective in pictures
  5. April 23, 2010 - Hubble 20th Anniversary Photos: NASA Astronomers' Picks
  6. April 23, 2010 - Starry-eyed Hubble celebrates 20 years of awe and discovery - also here
Background, Background


Infrared astronomy

References:
  1. April 21, 2010 - New workhorse for the world's largest optical telescope - also here
  2. April 22, 2010 - Nasa readies jumbo eye in the sky
  3. April 23, 2010 - LUCIFER allows astronomers to watch stars being born
Background


Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - Urgent refit for space magnet
  2. April 23, 2010 - Space-Bound Antimatter Detector Gets Last-Minute Overhaul
  3. April 27, 2010 - Space Station to Receive New Anti-Matter Detector Component
  4. April 27, 2010 - New 'heart' for particle detector
  5. April 28, 2010 - Hasty switch for space magnet
Background, Background


Ocean acidification

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - CO2 emissions causing ocean acidification to progress at unprecedented rate - also here
  2. April 23, 2010 - New study says oceans' chemistry changing rapidly - also here
  3. April 26, 2010 - Report: Acidic oceans are an impending disaster
Background, Background


Pulsars

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - Pulsars in many octaves - also here
  2. April 26, 2010 - Cosmic Beacons Sing in Different Octaves
Background


Bottom quarks

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - LHC steps closer to discoveries on antimatter
Background


M81 halo

References:
  1. April 23, 2010 - A Mysterious Galactic Halo
  2. April 26, 2010 - M81's halo sheds light on galaxy formation
Background


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. April 23, 2010 - Did Monster Eruptions Warm the World?
Background


Coronal mass ejections

References:
  1. April 23, 2010 - Epic Blast Seen by NASA Solar Observatory
  2. April 23, 2010 - Huge Sun Burp Photographed By New NASA Observatory
Background


Antarctic Bottom Water

References:
  1. April 25, 2010 - An oceanic 'fast-lane' for climate change
  2. April 25, 2010 - Scientists test powerful ocean current off Antarctica
  3. April 25, 2010 - Scientists uncover deep ocean current near Antarctica
  4. April 26, 2010 - Massive Southern Ocean current discovered - also here
  5. April 26, 2010 - Scientists measure massive ocean current
  6. April 28, 2010 - Antarctic conveyor belt revealed in detail
Background



Technology


Quantum cryptography

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Quantum Cryptography Hits the Fast Lane
  2. April 20, 2010 - Toshiba researchers achieve new record bit rate for quantum key distribution
  3. April 28, 2010 - Quantum Key distribution: faster and more meh than ever
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Graphene: What projections and humps can be good for - also here
  2. April 21, 2010 - Graphene: Can the Newest Form of Carbon Be Made to Bend, Twist and Roll
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Researchers take a step towards quantum computing - also here, here
  2. April 21, 2010 - Bizarre matter could find use in quantum computers: Odd electron mix has fault-tolerant quantum registry - also here
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Advance made in thin-film solar cell technology - also here
Background


Fast transistors

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Fast Transistors Could Save Energy
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Biting its own tail: Nanocontainer with an integrated switch
  2. April 22, 2010 - Crystal defect shown to be key to making hollow nanotubes - also here
  3. April 22, 2010 - Researchers Demonstrate New Understanding of Nanotube Growth
  4. April 23, 2010 - DNA construction kit for nanoengines
Background


Scanning-probe lithography

References:
  1. April 21, 2010 - Etching 15nm features using a hot probe and organic glass
  2. April 22, 2010 - The Nanometer Matterhorn
  3. April 22, 2010 - IBM breakthrough means it's a nanoscale world after all
  4. April 23, 2010 - IBM demonstrates nanoscale 3D patterning technique
  5. April 23, 2010 - Scanning probe makes 'nano Matterhorn'
  6. April 24, 2010 - IBM Research Creates World's Smallest 3D Map; Brings Low-Cost, Ease of Use to Creation of Nanoscale Objects
Background


Frequency-controlled magnetic vortex memory

References:
  1. April 21, 2010 - Magnetic vortex memory shows memory potential of nanodots
Background


Lab-on-a-chip

References:
  1. April 21, 2010 - Microfluidic integrated circuit could help enable home diagnostic tests - also here
Background


All-optical data networks

References:
  1. April 21, 2010 - See-Through Networks
Background, Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - How to identify chiral superconductivity in new materials
  2. April 22, 2010 - New mechanism for superconductivity discovered in iron-based superconductors
Background


Networked meeting archiving

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - Web-Ifying the Real World - also here
  2. April 23, 2010 - The internet of meetings - also here
Background


Plasmonics

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - Caltech-Led Team Designs Novel Negative-Index Metamaterial that Responds to Visible Light - also here
Background


Molecular computing

References:
  1. April 25, 2010 - Lessons from the Brain: Toward an Intelligent Molecular Computer
  2. April 25, 2010 - Researchers develop new brain-like molecular processor
  3. April 26, 2010 - Brain-Like Computing on an Organic Molecular Layer
Background



Life sciences


Evolution of human hands

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - For ancient hominids, thumbs up on precision grip
Background


Homo floresiensis

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Hobbit debate goes out on some limbs
Background


Rho proteins

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Research pinpoints action of protein linked to key molecular switch - also here
Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Neanderthals may have interbred with humans
  2. April 21, 2010 - Neanderthals may have interbred with humans twice
  3. April 29, 2010 - Humans Interbred with Neanderthals, Study Suggests
Background


Mitosis

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Cell division orchestrated by multiple oscillating proteins, new research finds - also here
Background


Olfaction and longevity

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Smell Less, Live Longer
  2. April 20, 2010 - The sweet smell of aging - also here
Background


Extremophiles

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - 'Goldilocks Zone' may go colder than previously thought
  2. April 20, 2010 - Microbial life discovered in asphalt lake
  3. April 21, 2010 - Microbes found in natural asphalt lake
  4. April 23, 2010 - Asphalt lake is full of microbes
Background


Genomics

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - New methods identify thousands of new DNA sequences missing from reference map of human genome - also here
Background


Transposases

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Jumping DNA: "Selfish" jumping genes most common in nature
Background


Toxoplasma gondii infection strategy

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Scientists sever molecular signals that prolific parasite uses to puppeteer cells - also here
Background


Amino acid chirality

References:
  1. April 21, 2010 - 'Ancestral Eve' crystal may explain origin of life's left-handedness - also here
Background, Background


MicroRNA

References:
  1. April 21, 2010 - New evidence in plants shows micro-RNA can move - also here
  2. May 4, 2010 - MicroRNA can move between cells
Background


Preimplantation embryonic development

References:
  1. April 21, 2010 - Singapore scientists make breakthrough findings on early embryonic development - also here
Background


Ubiquitin, RIG-I, and antiviral immune response

References:
  1. April 21, 2010 - Researchers identify key molecular step to fighting off viruses - also here
Background


T cells

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - T cell debate settled
Background


HIV-salmonella infection interaction

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - HIV aids deadly pathogen
  2. April 22, 2010 - HIV patients hold clues to Salmonella vaccine development - also here
  3. April 22, 2010 - HIV's link to salmonella offers vaccine clues
Background, Background, Background


Origins of biochemical replication

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - Origin of Life Chicken-and-Egg Problem Solved
Background


Generation of biological diversity

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - Mathematicians offer elegant solution to evolutionary conundrum - also here
Background, Background


Transporter proteins

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - Team reveals all three structures of single transporter protein - also here
Background, Background


Gene expression in bacteria

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - Scientists make fundamental discovery about how gene expression functions in bacteria - also here
Background, Background


Herpes virus silencing of host genes with microRNA

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - The silence of the genes - also here
Background, Background


Embryonic heart development

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - Scientists discover key step for regulating embryonic development - also here
Background


Speciation

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - Hamlet fish sheds light on evolution of marine species - also here
Background


Gene regulation

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - Simplifying Complexity - New Insights Into How Genomes Work
  2. April 23, 2010 - New computational method to uncover gene regulation - also here
Background, Background


Cancer genome projects

References:
  1. April 23, 2010 - A Skeptic Questions Cancer Genome Projects
Background, Background


Tissue regeneration

References:
  1. April 23, 2010 - Body builders -- the worms that point the way to understanding tissue regeneration - also here, here
  2. April 29, 2010 - Gene Grows Worm Heads
Background, Background


Genetic engineering

References:
  1. April 23, 2010 - Chemist Doubles Amino Acid Potential In Proteins - also here
Background


Bacterial lipopolysaccharides

References:
  1. April 25, 2010 - Scientists crack code of critical bacterial defense mechanism - also here, here
Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. April 25, 2010 - Gene silencing may be responsible for induced pluripotent stem cells' limitations - also here
  2. April 29, 2010 - Sorting out viable induced stem cells from the duds
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Cooperative behavior, rewards, and punishment

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - To build a cooperative society, is it better to punish or reward?
Background


Interconnection of basal ganglia and cerebellum

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Key brain regions talk directly with each other, scientists say - also here
Background


Stress and metabolic disease

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Scientists discover gene that ties stress to obesity and diabetes - also here
Background, Background, Background, Background


COMT allele and protection against cognitive decline

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Gene variant may protect memory and thinking skills in older people - also here
Background


BDNF-like small molecules

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Study identifies small molecules mimicking key brain growth factor - also here
Background


Stress and sociability

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Under Threat, Women Bond, Men Withdraw
  2. April 23, 2010 - Stress make women social and men antisocial
Background, Background, Background


Corvid intelligence

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Clever Crows, Complex Cognition?
  2. April 20, 2010 - Clever New Caledonian crows can use three tools
  3. April 21, 2010 - Clever crows show innovative behaviour
  4. April 22, 2010 - Crows demonstrate their cleverness with tools
Background


Chloride channels and neuron excitability

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Chloride channels render nerve cells more excitable - also here
Background


Autism

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Study provides new insights into the implications of autism onset patterns - also here
Background


Emotions, decision making, and the nucleus accumbens

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Subliminal Cues Can Empty Wallets
Background, Background, Background


Casual speech

References:
  1. April 21, 2010 - Scientists find phonetic shortcuts in speech
Background


Human male competitiveness

References:
  1. April 21, 2010 - Unreal hormones: males treat games as social competitions
Background, Background


Dreaming and memory

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - Dreams Linked to Better Memories
  2. April 22, 2010 - Dream a little dream of recall
  3. April 22, 2010 - To learn better, take a nap (and don't forget to dream) - also here
  4. April 23, 2010 - Better mental performance may only be a nap away
  5. April 23, 2010 - Dreams 'can help with learning'
  6. April 23, 2010 - Dreaming boosts learning and creativity
Background, Background


Network structure of human brains, nematodes, and computer chips

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - Chips, worms and gray matter: More similar than you think
  2. April 23, 2010 - Brains, Worms and Computer Chips Have Striking Similarities
Background


Genes and intelligence

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - Study of Williams syndrome patients reveals specific gene's role in intelligence - also here
Background


Auditory reinforcement of memory

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - Sounds Make Memories Stick During Sleep
Background


Depression

References:
  1. April 23, 2010 - One Molecule Opens the Door to New Treatments for Depression
Background


GABAB receptors

References:
  1. April 24, 2010 - Long-Sought Protein Subunits of a Key Receptor of the Central Nervous System Discovered
Background



Health and medicine


Personalized cancer treatment

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - BATTLE trial personalizes lung cancer treatment
  2. April 19, 2010 - BATTLE links potential biomarkers to drugs for lung cancer
Background


Obesity-promoting FTO allele and brain tissue loss

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Obesity gene, carried by more than a third of the US population, leads to brain tissue loss - also here
  2. April 19, 2010 - Gene makes people fat, raises Alzheimer's risk
Background, Background


Tissue engineering

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Could Printers Produce Human Tissue?
  2. April 19, 2010 - Scientists edge closer to printing human tissue
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Substance in breast milk kills cancer cells - also here
  2. April 19, 2010 - Breast cancer risk tied to grandmother's diet - also here
  3. April 19, 2010 - Vitamin K may protect against developing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, say researchers - also here
  4. April 19, 2010 - Metformin may prevent lung cancer in smokers - also here
  5. April 19, 2010 - Researchers identify new gene involved in the development of liver cancer - also here
  6. April 19, 2010 - Meat, especially if it's well done, may increase risk of bladder cancer - also here
  7. April 19, 2010 - Blood test for inflammation may be sign of colon cancer - also here
  8. April 19, 2010 - Obesity and weight gain near time of prostate cancer surgery doubles risk of recurrence - also here
  9. April 19, 2010 - IMPACT results show potential cancer treatment
  10. April 19, 2010 - New molecular therapy candidates for pancreatic cancer - also here
  11. April 19, 2010 - Does a man's estrogen level impact his risk of prostate cancer? - also here
  12. April 19, 2010 - A biotherapy strategy for esophageal cancer in the future - also here
  13. April 19, 2010 - Biomarkers help predict prostate cancer progression - also here
  14. April 19, 2010 - Engineered antibodies directed against a promising therapeutic target on ovarian cancer cells - also here
  15. April 19, 2010 - Smoke exposure alters gene expression and estrogen metabolism in the lungs of mice - also here
  16. April 19, 2010 - Enzyme found to be a predictive marker of survival in head and neck cancer - also here
  17. April 19, 2010 - First-in-class drug BBI608 tested in patients with advanced cancer - also here
  18. April 19, 2010 - Gene test shows who could benefit from statins to reduce colon cancer risk - also here
  19. April 19, 2010 - Statins do not protect patients against risk of colorectal adenoma - also here
  20. April 19, 2010 - Fanconi Anemia Pathway Dysregulated in Non-FA Cancers
  21. April 19, 2010 - Well-done meat doubles bladder cancer risk
  22. April 19, 2010 - Lung cancer screening often yields false positives
  23. April 19, 2010 - Long term, tamoxifen stops more cancer than Evista - also here
  24. April 19, 2010 - Tamoxifen prevents more breast cancer than Evista
  25. April 19, 2010 - AstraZeneca drug shows promise in ovarian cancer - also here
  26. April 19, 2010 - Study: 2 good choices to prevent breast cancer - also here
  27. April 20, 2010 - Hope for Targeted Lung-Cancer Treatment
  28. April 20, 2010 - Colorectal cancer risk linked to stomach bacterium, inflammation
  29. April 20, 2010 - Marker protein may help breast cancer screening
  30. April 20, 2010 - Is COX-2 expression a valuable independent prognostic factor in pancreatic cancer?
  31. April 20, 2010 - Increased EGFR levels may be an early marker of breast cancer - also here
  32. April 20, 2010 - In breasts considered 'healthy,' too much of one protein identifies abnormal growth - also here
  33. April 20, 2010 - Body Mass Index gain throughout adulthood may increase risk of postmenopausal breast cancer - also here
  34. April 20, 2010 - Association of fiber and colorectal cancer risk differs depending on dietary assessment method - also here
  35. April 20, 2010 - Change in breast density over time provides clues about breast cancer risk
  36. April 20, 2010 - Preoperative/neoadjuvant therapy in pancreatic cancer
  37. April 20, 2010 - Tamoxifen, raloxifene cut breast cancer risk in half
  38. April 20, 2010 - Processed meat linked to higher ovarian cancer risk
  39. April 21, 2010 - Toward a urine test for detecting colon cancer - also here
  40. April 21, 2010 - Does the weather cause northerners to get more prostate cancer? - also here
  41. April 21, 2010 - Meat, fish and ovarian cancer risk
  42. April 21, 2010 - Excessive alcohol consumption may lead to increased cancer risk - also here
  43. April 21, 2010 - New study links stream quality and human cancer rates
  44. April 21, 2010 - Researchers show that nitric oxide-donating naproxen can boost colorectal cancer prevention - also here
  45. April 21, 2010 - Breast density change linked to cancer development in WHI hormone replacement study - also here
  46. April 21, 2010 - Ovarian cancer study offers vital clues for new therapies - also here
  47. April 21, 2010 - Researchers identify a new breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene - also here
  48. April 21, 2010 - HER-2-Targeted T Cells May Have a Role in Ovarian Cancer Treatment
  49. April 21, 2010 - People with vitiligo 'may have skin cancer protection'
  50. April 21, 2010 - Radiation for prostate cancer lacks data: U.S. panel
  51. April 21, 2010 - Diabetes drug tied to reduced breast cancer risk
  52. April 22, 2010 - Urine Test for Kidney Cancer a Step Closer to Development
  53. April 22, 2010 - Magnitude of overdiagnosis in cancer indicates need for strategies to address the problem - also here
  54. April 22, 2010 - Pfizer liver cancer trial halted on safety concern
  55. April 23, 2010 - Prostate cancer: Risk increases with the number of affected family members - also here
  56. April 23, 2010 - Mammographic Density and Risk of Breast Cancer
  57. April 23, 2010 - Omega 3s may help cut colon cancer risk
  58. April 23, 2010 - Roche files new Herceptin use for US approval
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Magnetic fields drive drug-loaded nanoparticles to reduce blood vessel blockages in an animal study - also here
  2. April 20, 2010 - Carbon Nanotubes Boost Cancer-Fighting Cells - also here
  3. April 21, 2010 - RNA Interference Delivered Using Nanoparticles Hits Target in Human Patients
  4. April 21, 2010 - Radioactive Gold Nanoparticles Destroy Prostate Tumors, Leaving Healthy Tissue Untouched
  5. April 22, 2010 - Nanofibers Carry Toxic Peptides Into Cancer Cells
  6. April 22, 2010 - Researchers show potential for new cancer detection and therapy method - also here
  7. April 23, 2010 - Nanoparticles Provide a Targeted Version of Photothermal Therapy for Cancer
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Scientists find chicken antibodies may help prevent H5N1 pandemic - also here
Background


Metabolic syndrome

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Genetic basis for health benefits of the 'Mediterranean diet' - also here
  2. April 20, 2010 - Olive Oil May Be Key to Mediterranean Diet's Benefits
Background, Background, Background


MicroRNA and cancer

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - MiRNA-21 linked to tumor suppressor loss, herceptin resistance - also here
  2. April 19, 2010 - Researchers find four biomarkers important in colerectal cancer treatment prognosis - also here
  3. April 20, 2010 - New data on the regulation of a protein that is altered in all cancers - also here
  4. April 21, 2010 - An RNA Clue to Breast Cancer's Spread
Background, Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Early detection of Parkinson's disease by voice analysis - also here
  2. April 19, 2010 - New insight into Parkinson's disease - also here
  3. April 22, 2010 - Singapore scientists develop zebrafish model for studying Parkinson's Disease - also here
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Blood test identifies people at risk for heart attack that other tests miss - also here
  2. April 19, 2010 - New explanation for cardiac arrest - also here
  3. April 19, 2010 - Ethnic groups show different cardiovascular risk profiles - also here
  4. April 20, 2010 - Higher amounts of added sugars increase heart disease risk factors - also here, here
  5. April 20, 2010 - Study: Added sugar, not just fat, bad for cholesterol
  6. April 20, 2010 - Added sugar increases heart risks: study - also here
  7. April 21, 2010 - Framingham risk assessment doesn't accurately predict coronary artery disease, study suggests - also here
  8. April 21, 2010 - CCTA: Cost-effective, noninvasive alternative to invasive cardiac catheterization for the evaluation of significant CAD
  9. April 21, 2010 - Coronary CTA a Cost-Effective Alternative to Cardiac Catheterization for the Evaluation of CAD, Study Suggests
  10. April 21, 2010 - Too Much Insulin a Bad Thing for the Heart?
  11. April 21, 2010 - Bottled up anger can be deadly for heart patients
  12. April 21, 2010 - Can walking help guard against stroke?
  13. April 23, 2010 - Complete revascularization improves outcomes for CAD patients - also here
  14. April 23, 2010 - New strategies to improve treatment and avert heart failure in children
  15. April 23, 2010 - Value of B vitamins in cutting heart disease risk challenged
  16. April 25, 2010 - Selecting high-risk patients for heart screening - also here
  17. April 25, 2010 - Study questions value of pricey heart screening
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Which treatment is effective in maintaining remission in ulcerative colitis: Probiotic or placebo? - also here
  2. April 19, 2010 - Cystic fibrosis and Crohn's disease treated successfully with infliximab - also here
  3. April 23, 2010 - Biologists Link Gut Microbial Equilibrium to Inflammatory Bowel Disease - also here
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - Weight gain during pregnancy associated with long-term obesity for mothers
  2. April 20, 2010 - Spare tyre health risk ignored - Active Fat campaigners
  3. April 20, 2010 - Parents' obesity, especially mom's, tied to kids' risk
  4. April 23, 2010 - Forecasting rates of overweight - also here, here
Background


DNA vaccines

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - GEN reports on the promise of DNA vaccines - also here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - New immigrants have higher risk of diabetes than long-term residents - also here
  2. April 19, 2010 - Scientists reveal how genetic mutations may cause type 1 diabetes - also here
  3. April 20, 2010 - Ethnic differences in precursors of type 2 diabetes apparent at an early age - also here
  4. April 21, 2010 - Tequila plant could help treat diabetes, osteoporosis
  5. April 22, 2010 - People with diabetes are at higher risk of atrial fibrillation - also here
  6. April 22, 2010 - Injected liraglutide is better than oral sitagliptin for blood glucose control in type 2 diabetes
  7. April 22, 2010 - Novo's Victoza beats Merck drug in diabetes study - also here
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - New species of human malaria recognized - also here
  2. April 22, 2010 - New once-a-day antimalarial combination therapy as effective as the twice-a-day gold standard regimen
  3. April 22, 2010 - New malaria pill matches Novartis drug in study - also here
  4. April 23, 2010 - WHO approves diagnostic tests to aid malaria fight
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. April 19, 2010 - New drug improves hepatitis C outcome
  2. April 19, 2010 - Human Genome's partner pulls EU hep C drug application
  3. April 21, 2010 - Bristol compound potent against hepatitis C - also here, here
  4. April 21, 2010 - Experimental compound potent against hepatitis C
Background


Drug discovery

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - From movies you'll love to drugs you'll take
Background


Autoimmune diseases

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Study reveals a genetic signature of autoimmune disease
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Team finds promising new drug target for Alzheimer's disease - also here
  2. April 20, 2010 - Australian study to reduce Alzheimer's symptoms through exercise
  3. April 21, 2010 - Mild cognitive impairment study offers insight on Alzheimer's
  4. April 21, 2010 - Bigger molecular-sized anesthetics do not promote amyloid beta peptide micro-aggregation - also here
  5. April 23, 2010 - New Alzheimer vaccine to be tested in Europe
Background


Fat loss and reduction in pro-inflammatory immune cells

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - The remarkable effects of fat loss on the immune system - also here
Background, Background, Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Protein plays a critical role in the development of aggressive breast cancer - also here
  2. April 20, 2010 - Expression of Proteins Linked to Poor Outcome in Women with Ovarian Cancer
  3. April 20, 2010 - Cross Talk Between Oncogenes Suggests Treatment Combination in Esophageal Cancer
  4. April 21, 2010 - Low Oxygen Recruits Inflammatory Cells to Tumors, Stimulating Growth
  5. April 23, 2010 - Subtle changes in PTEN tumor suppressor gene can determine cancer susceptibility - also here
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Researchers identify the source of 'noise' in HIV - also here
Background


Physical activity and weight gain

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Amount of Physical Activity Needed to Prevent Long-Term Weight Gain
Background


Lupus

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Human Genome, GSK lupus drug fails secondary goals
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. April 20, 2010 - Roche arthritis drug meets goal, safety issues linger
Background


Cancer vaccines

References:
  1. April 21, 2010 - A shot in the arm for cancer vaccines?
  2. April 29, 2010 - First U.S. 'Cancer Vaccine' Approved
Background, Background


Resveratrol and stroke damage reduction

References:
  1. April 21, 2010 - How red wine may shield brain from stroke damage - also here
Background


Omega-3 fatty acids and cognitive function

References:
  1. April 21, 2010 - Fish oil supplements provide no benefit to brain power - also here
  2. April 28, 2010 - Two-year study finds no brain benefit for fish oil
  3. May 1, 2010 - Fish oil keep you smart? Sounds fishy, finds British study
Background, Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. April 21, 2010 - Physics strategy tested as solution for antibiotic resistance - also here
  2. April 25, 2010 - Putting bacterial antibiotic resistance into reverse - also here
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. April 21, 2010 - Gene therapy cures canines of inherited form of day blindness - also here
  2. April 21, 2010 - 'Seek-and-destroy' cancer gene therapy result hailed
  3. April 23, 2010 - Researchers modify virus to hunt down and wipe out cancer cells - also here
Background


Prediction of drug interactions

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - New Genetic Framework Could Help Explain Drug Side Effects
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. April 22, 2010 - Scientists Create Stem Cells from Eggs of Aging Mice
  2. April 24, 2010 - 'Leftover' veins from heart surgery yield stem cells
Background


Chokeberry anthocyanins

References:
  1. April 25, 2010 - Chokeberry extract found to regulate weight gain, blood glucose, and inflammation in rats - also here
Background, Background, Background


Copyright © 2010 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved