Open Questions Chronicle

[OQC Home] [Open Questions] [Site Map] [Previous] [Next]

Volume 9, Number 1
January 4, 2010


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

Oscillations of Earth's core
Global warming
K-T mass extinction
Paleoclimatology
James Webb Space Telescope
Supernova remnants
WISE telescope
Lithospheric stress
Water on Mars
Herschel telescope
Solar system origins
Earthquakes
Very early galaxies

Technology

Lab-on-a-chip
DNA sequencing by ligation
DNA sequencing with carbon nanotubes
Nanotechnology

Life sciences

Systems biology of Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Chaperone proteins in Escherichia coli
Genomics
Tumor-targeting CD8+ T cells and BTLA
Evolutionary mechanisms for biological diversity
Optimal mutation rate for bacterial evolution
RNA elongation during transcription
Iron respiration in Shewanella oneidensis
Giant viruses
Rate of DNA mutations
Bacterial electrokinesis
Antibody enhancers

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Semaphorins and synapses
Attention and the superior colliculus
Ghrelin and appetite
Schizophrenia
Autism
Astrocytes, RORα, and neuron protection

Health and medicine

Cancer
Stem cells
RNA interference therapeutics
Alzheimer's disease
Diabetes
Parkinson's disease
Cardiovascular disease
Dementia
Vitamin E
Prions
Inflmmatory bowel disease
Cancer biology
Malaria
Mycobacterium disease



Physical sciences


Oscillations of Earth's core

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - As the World Churns - also here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - Scientists Argue for a New Type of Climate Target
  2. December 30, 2009 - Soils give clean look at past carbon dioxide
  3. December 31, 2009 - Natural Variability Led to Extra-Cold 2008, Research Finds
  4. December 31, 2009 - Is the Airborne Fraction of Anthropogenic Carbon Dioxide Increasing?
  5. January 3, 2010 - Indian Ocean Climate Event Recurs Quicker With Global Warming
Background


K-T mass extinction

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - Dinosaur-Killing Firestorm Theory Questioned
Background


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. December 29, 2009 - Arctic could face warmer and ice-free conditions - also here
Background


James Webb Space Telescope

References:
  1. December 29, 2009 - New Video Reveals Secrets of Webb Telescope's MIRI - also here
Background


Supernova remnants

References:
  1. December 30, 2009 - Suzaku Finds 'Fossil' Fireballs from Supernovae - also here
Background


WISE telescope

References:
  1. December 30, 2009 - NASA's WISE Space Telescope Jettisons Its Cover - also here
Background


Lithospheric stress

References:
  1. December 31, 2009 - Continental Roots Stress Earth's Surface
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. December 31, 2009 - How Much Ice Needed to Create Martian Land Formations?
Background


Herschel telescope

References:
  1. December 31, 2009 - Looking Back in Time 12 Billion Years With New Instruments on Herschel Space Observatory
Background, Background, Background


Solar system origins

References:
  1. December 31, 2009 - Age of solar system needs a fresh look
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. January 2, 2010 - Major Offshore Quake Could Surge Inland to Seattle Area
Background


Very early galaxies

References:
  1. January 3, 2010 - New-found galaxies may be farthest back in time and space yet - also here
Background, Background



Technology


Lab-on-a-chip

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - Adjusting Acidity With Impunity
Background


DNA sequencing by ligation

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - DNA sequencing gets SOLiD with built-in error detection
Background


DNA sequencing with carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. December 31, 2009 - Carbon nanotubes show promise for high-speed genetic sequencing - also here, here
Background, Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. January 1, 2010 - Quelling Casimir: Scientists to Control Quantum Mechanical Force
Background



Life sciences


Systems biology of Mycoplasma pneumoniae

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - Simplest bacteria unravelled at the cellular level
Background, Background


Chaperone proteins in Escherichia coli

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - Molecular chaperone keeps bacterial proteins from slow-dancing to destruction - also here
Background


Genomics

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - Researchers Create New Way To Locate Big Genetic Variants
Background


Tumor-targeting CD8+ T cells and BTLA

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - Human Tumor-Targeting Immune Cells Inhibited by the Protein BTLA
Background, Background


Evolutionary mechanisms for biological diversity

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - Seeing How Evolutionary Mechanisms Yield Biological Diversity
Background


Optimal mutation rate for bacterial evolution

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - High mutation rates don't necessarily spell rapid evolution
Background, Background


RNA elongation during transcription

References:
  1. December 29, 2009 - Chemists Discover How Cells Create Stability During Critical DNA-to-RNA Information Transfers
Background


Iron respiration in Shewanella oneidensis

References:
  1. December 29, 2009 - Scientists Show How Bacteria Move Electrons Across a Membrane
Background


Giant viruses

References:
  1. December 31, 2009 - Marseillevirus -- A New Member of the Giant Viruses
Background


Rate of DNA mutations

References:
  1. January 1, 2010 - Scientists measure how quickly genomes change - also here
Background


Bacterial electrokinesis

References:
  1. January 2, 2010 - Bacteria seen swimming the electron shuffle
Background


Antibody enhancers

References:
  1. January 3, 2010 - Scientists Identify DNA That Regulates Antibody Production
Background, Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Semaphorins and synapses

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - Scientists discover a controller of brain circuitry - also here
Background


Attention and the superior colliculus

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - Seeing without looking - also here
Background


Ghrelin and appetite

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - Researchers find clues to why some continue to eat when full - also here
  2. January 4, 2010 - Diet Demystified: Why We Overeat
Background, Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - Schizophrenia mouse model should improve understanding and treatment of the disorder - also here
Background


Autism

References:
  1. December 29, 2009 - Texas study confirms lower autism rate in Hispanics
Background


Astrocytes, RORα, and neuron protection

References:
  1. December 29, 2009 - RORalpha, the Orchestrator of Neuron Protection
Background



Health and medicine


Cancer

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - Antibody finds, wipes out prostate cancer: study
  2. December 28, 2009 - 'Notch'ing up a role in the multisystem disease tuberous sclerosis complex - also here
  3. December 29, 2009 - Pfizer ends late-stage lung-cancer study
  4. December 29, 2009 - Statins don't curb colorectal cancer risk
  5. December 29, 2009 - The cancer 'TRAP' - also here
  6. December 29, 2009 - Scientists discover how wild mushroom cancer drug works
  7. December 30, 2009 - Proteins show promise for ovarian cancer screening
  8. December 31, 2009 - Smoking, drinking up risks of gut, throat cancers
  9. December 31, 2009 - Fewer left-sided colorectal tumors observed after colonoscopies - also here
  10. December 31, 2009 - Assessing lead time of selected ovarian cancer biomarkers - also here
  11. December 31, 2009 - Gene Increases Effectiveness of Drugs Used to Fight Cancer and Allows Reduction in Dosage
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - A 'fountain of youth' for stem cells? - also here
  2. December 29, 2009 - Scientists develop technique to determine ethnic origin of stem cell lines - also here
Background


RNA interference therapeutics

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - New RNA interference technique can silence up to five genes - also here
  2. January 4, 2010 - New and improved RNA interference
Background, Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - How amyloid beta reduces plasticity related to synaptic signaling - also here
  2. December 30, 2009 - Vascular Pathology in Familial Alzheimer Disease
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - Genetic causes identified for disturbances in lipid metabolism - also here
  2. December 29, 2009 - A burger or fried chicken with a side of diabetes?
  3. December 29, 2009 - Blood test that provides prior blood sugar average now recommended for diabetes screening, diagnosis
  4. December 29, 2009 - Study Puts Bariatric Surgery for Type 2 Diabetes to the Test
  5. December 31, 2009 - Effects of diet on diabetes risk vary by ethnicity
  6. December 31, 2009 - Diabetes on the rise among older Mexican Americans
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - Small molecules found to protect cells in multiple models of Parkinson's disease - also here
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - Overweight men at higher risk of heart attack, stroke, premature death
  2. December 28, 2009 - Heart study targets immune cells in the arteries
  3. December 30, 2009 - Quitting smoking after heart attack extends lives
  4. December 31, 2009 - Early menstruation linked to heart disease risk
  5. December 31, 2009 - Why Diseased Heart Muscle Cells Don't Communicate Properly
  6. December 31, 2009 - Champagne Is Good for Your Heart, Study Suggests -- But Only in Moderation
Background


Dementia

References:
  1. December 29, 2009 - Ginkgo extract doesn't slow cognitive decline
  2. December 29, 2009 - Ginkgo biloba does not appear to slow rate of cognitive decline - also here
  3. December 29, 2009 - Gingko Doesn't Slow Cognitive Decline in Elderly
Background


Vitamin E

References:
  1. December 30, 2009 - Putting limits on vitamin E: The potent antioxidant may do more harm than good - also here
Background, Background


Prions

References:
  1. December 31, 2009 - Scientists show 'lifeless' prions capable of evolutionary change and adaptation - also here
  2. December 31, 2009 - Discovery of New Function of Prion Protein Improves Understanding of Epilepsy
  3. December 31, 2009 - Even without DNA, prions can evolve like organisms, study says
  4. January 1, 2010 - 'Lifeless' prion proteins are 'capable of evolution'
  5. January 4, 2010 - Prions evolve without the benefit of DNA
Background


Inflmmatory bowel disease

References:
  1. December 31, 2009 - Bacteria Wins First Round Against Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. December 31, 2009 - Unusual protein modification involved in muscular dystrophy, cancer - also here
  2. December 31, 2009 - NEDD9 Protein Supports Growth Of Aggressive Breast Cancer
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. December 31, 2009 - Weakened Plasmodium Generates Protective Immunity
Background


Mycobacterium disease

References:
  1. January 1, 2010 - Mutation Leads to New and Severe Form of Bacterial Disease
Background


Copyright © 2010 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved