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Volume 8, Number 52
December 28, 2009


Physical sciences
Technology
Life sciences
Neuroscience, psychology, behavior
Health and medicine
Physical sciences

W bosons
Brown dwarfs
Climate modeling
Dark matter stars
Extrasolar planets
Subdwarf stars
Water on Mars
Earthquakes
Star formation
Blue stragglers
Global warming
Protoplanetary disks
Earth's magnetic field

Technology

Brain-computer interface
Graphene
Stackable memory
Quantum entanglement
Nanotechnology
Carbon nanotubes
Quantum information processing
Photovoltaics
Molecular transistor
Fuel cells

Life sciences

Induced pluripotent stem cells
Autophagy and adipogenesis
Origins of life
Immune system evasion by pox viruses
Cancer genomics
CD20 and B cells
Lymphocyte development and dCK
Lipid metabolism
Sexual selection
Microbial genomes
DNA repair
Quorum-quenching acylase
Osteoblasts, FOXO1, and glucose regulation

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Brain-imaging studies
Genes related to brain size
Neuronal code
Brain control of bone formation
Motor activation in speech perception
Sleep and learning
Neurotransmitter vesicles
Interdependence of taste and olfactory systems
MicroRNA and synapse strengthening
Short-term memory

Health and medicine

Cancer
Lupus
Nanobiotechnology
Regenerative medicine
Avian flu
Cancer biology
Cardiovascular disease
Diabetes
Tuberculosis
Gene therapy
Inflammatory bowel disease
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Lack of cognitive benefits of omega-3 fatty acids
Stem cells
Alzheimer's disease
Obesity
Inflammatory skin diseases
Malaria
Clustering of autoimmune diseases
Antibiotic resistance
Parkinson's disease
Asthma
Inflammation
Health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids
Rheumatoid arthritis
Dementia



Physical sciences


W bosons

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - More precise measurements of the W boson
Background


Brown dwarfs

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Brown dwarf pair mystifies astronomers - also here, here
Background


Climate modeling

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - 'Particle soup' discovery will improve climate predictions
  2. December 21, 2009 - Cornellians build computer climate-change model
Background


Dark matter stars

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Mystery Swirls Around 'Dark Stars'
Background, Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. December 22, 2009 - Astronomers discover 'tilted planets'
Background


Subdwarf stars

References:
  1. December 22, 2009 - Understanding the Milky Way's Oldest Stellar Population
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. December 22, 2009 - Mars Rover Makes Discovery While Spinning Its Wheels
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. December 23, 2009 - Sun, moon trigger San Andreas tremors: study
  2. December 23, 2009 - Tides in Earth's crust trigger small, deep quakes
  3. December 23, 2009 - Sun and moon trigger deep tremors on San Andreas Fault - also here
  4. December 24, 2009 - Tidal Forces Trigger Tremors on San Andreas Fault
Background


Star formation

References:
  1. December 23, 2009 - Stay tuned: New star coming in 1 million years
Background


Blue stragglers

References:
  1. December 23, 2009 - How Some Stars Stay Young
  2. December 23, 2009 - Vampires and collisions rejuvenate stars - also here
  3. December 23, 2009 - Stars Find Fountain of Youth Via Vampirism and Collisions
  4. December 24, 2009 - Youthful Appearance of Stars Known as Blue Stragglers Explained
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. December 23, 2009 - Scientists map speed of climate change
  2. December 23, 2009 - Velocity of Climate Change Varies from Mountain to Marsh
Background


Protoplanetary disks

References:
  1. December 23, 2009 - Keck Telescopes Take Deeper Look at Planetary Nurseries
  2. December 25, 2009 - Keck Telescopes Gaze Into Young Star's 'Life Zone'
Background


Earth's magnetic field

References:
  1. December 24, 2009 - North Magnetic Pole Moving Due to Core Flux
Background



Technology


Brain-computer interface

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Machine Translates Thoughts into Speech in Real Time
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Researcher Uses Graphene Quilts to Keep Things Cool
  2. December 21, 2009 - Graphite oxide at high pressure opens a road to new amazing nano-materials
  3. December 23, 2009 - An easy way to see the world's thinnest material - also here
Background


Stackable memory

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Scientists improve chip memory by stacking cells - also here
Background


Quantum entanglement

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Physicists propose quantum entanglement for motion of microscopic objects - also here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Switchable Nanostructures Made with DNA
  2. December 22, 2009 - Digital Quantum Battery Could Boost Energy Density Tenfold
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Nanoparticles go platinum: NCEM instruments provide key images
Background


Quantum information processing

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Quantum Information: Disentangling a Billion-Dollar Opportunity
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. December 22, 2009 - Glitter-sized solar photovoltaics produce competitive results - also here, here, here
Background


Molecular transistor

References:
  1. December 23, 2009 - Scientists create world's first molecular transistor - also here
  2. December 23, 2009 - Researchers show off functional single-molecule transistor
  3. January 13, 2010 - Scientists create molecular transistor
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. December 26, 2009 - Panasonic develops direct methanol fuel cell system with high power output and durability
Background



Life sciences


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Pluripotency process unveiled
  2. December 22, 2009 - Study shows immune system protein involved in reprogramming adult cells to express stem cell genes
  3. December 24, 2009 - Vitamin C boosts the reprogramming of adult cells into stem cells - also here
  4. December 24, 2009 - Vitamin C Boosts the Induction of Pluripotent Stem Cells
Background


Autophagy and adipogenesis

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Inhibiting The Cellular Process Autophagy Makes Mice Leaner
Background


Origins of life

References:
  1. December 22, 2009 - Shallow Origins
Background


Immune system evasion by pox viruses

References:
  1. December 22, 2009 - Scientists now know how smallpox kills - also here
Background, Background


Cancer genomics

References:
  1. December 22, 2009 - Chicago Cancer Genome Project studies genetics of 1,000 tumors - also here
Background, Background


CD20 and B cells

References:
  1. December 22, 2009 - What is the function of the protein CD20? - also here
Background


Lymphocyte development and dCK

References:
  1. December 22, 2009 - Enzyme necessary for development of healthy immune system - also here
Background


Lipid metabolism

References:
  1. December 22, 2009 - Understanding relationship of proteins, fatty acids could help treat diseases
Background


Sexual selection

References:
  1. December 23, 2009 - Sexual conflict takes shape in ducks - also here
  2. December 23, 2009 - The sex wars of ducks
  3. December 23, 2009 - Researchers reveal secrets of duck sex: It's all screwed up - also here, here
  4. December 27, 2009 - Weird Science videotapes "explosive" duck erections
Background


Microbial genomes

References:
  1. December 23, 2009 - Microbial encyclopaedia guided by evolution
  2. December 23, 2009 - First volume of microbial encyclopedia published - also here
  3. December 23, 2009 - Presenting a genomic encyclopedia of bacteria (and archaea)
  4. December 28, 2009 - Scientists Start a Genomic Catalog of Earth's Abundant Microbes
Background, Background


DNA repair

References:
  1. December 24, 2009 - Critical protein helps mend damaged DNA - also here
  2. December 24, 2009 - Molecular anchor links the 2 inheritable diseases Fanconi anemia and Bloom's syndrome - also here
  3. December 26, 2009 - Troubleshooters that block cancer
Background, Background


Quorum-quenching acylase

References:
  1. December 24, 2009 - Fight Infection by Disturbing How Bacteria Communicate
Background


Osteoblasts, FOXO1, and glucose regulation

References:
  1. December 26, 2009 - Bone Control of Glucose Levels
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - The brain may feel other people's pain
  2. December 21, 2009 - Depression saps endurance of the brain's reward circuitry - also here
Background


Genes related to brain size

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Microcephaly genes associated with human brain size - also here
Background


Neuronal code

References:
  1. December 22, 2009 - Researchers crack part of the neuronal code
  2. December 27, 2009 - Researchers Decipher Parts of the Neuronal Code
Background


Brain control of bone formation

References:
  1. December 22, 2009 - We now know that the brain controls the formation of bone - also here
Background


Motor activation in speech perception

References:
  1. December 22, 2009 - Researchers reveal our motor system activates when we hear speech
Background


Sleep and learning

References:
  1. December 22, 2009 - Link Between Poor Sleep and Poor Learning in Older Adults Investigated
Background, Background


Neurotransmitter vesicles

References:
  1. December 22, 2009 - New insight in nerve cell communication - also here
Background


Interdependence of taste and olfactory systems

References:
  1. December 28, 2009 - Research shows that accurate taste perception relies on a functioning olfactory system - also here
Background


MicroRNA and synapse strengthening

References:
  1. December 23, 2009 - Scientists discover how the brain encodes memories at a cellular level - also here
  2. December 24, 2009 - Molecules and synapses cement memories, say scientists
Background, Background


Short-term memory

References:
  1. December 27, 2009 - Neuroscientists uncover possible basis of short-term memory - also here
  2. December 28, 2009 - Researchers store working memory in brain slices
Background



Health and medicine


Cancer

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Dietary estrogens have little effect on cancer risk
  2. December 21, 2009 - Drug for Multiple Myeloma Demonstrated to Significantly Extend Disease-Free Survival
  3. December 21, 2009 - Protein that represses genes may play role in cell growth
  4. December 21, 2009 - Urinary tract cancer associated with Chinese herbal products containing aristolochic acid - also here
  5. December 21, 2009 - Relatives of boys with sexual birth defects not at risk for testicular germ cell cancer - also here
  6. December 22, 2009 - Researcher finds success with new anti-cancer drug
  7. December 22, 2009 - How do you improve mammogram accuracy? Add noise - also here
  8. December 22, 2009 - Protein link may be key to new treatment for aggressive brain tumor - also here
  9. December 22, 2009 - High risk of colorectal, endometrial and Lynch syndrome cancers for MSH6 mutation carriers
  10. December 23, 2009 - New insights into mushroom-derived drug promising for cancer treatment - also here
  11. December 23, 2009 - Research yields new agent for some drug-resistant non-small cell lung cancers - also here
  12. December 23, 2009 - Figitumumab has anti-tumor activity in Ewing's sarcoma
  13. December 23, 2009 - Altering Malignant Cells' Structure Said to Possibly Slow Spread of Cancer
  14. December 26, 2009 - Antibody-Guided Drug Shows Encouraging Activity in Metastatic Breast Cancer
  15. December 26, 2009 - Physical Activity Associated With Lower Risk of Mortality in Men With History of Colon Cancer
Background


Lupus

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Lupus not identical in twins
  2. December 21, 2009 - Genomes of identical twins reveal epigenetic changes that may play role in lupus - also here
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Synthetic nanoscale transport system modeled on nature
Background


Regenerative medicine

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Bioengineered materials promote the growth of functional vasculature, new study shows - also here
  2. December 22, 2009 - Enriched gel grows blood vessels in rats
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Compound found to safely counter deadly bird flu - also here
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Protein inhibits cancer cell growth
  2. December 23, 2009 - Broken genomes behind breast cancers - also here
  3. December 23, 2009 - Scientists discover 2 genes that drive aggressive brain cancers - also here
  4. December 23, 2009 - Knockdown of E2F1 reduces invasive potential of melanoma cells - also here
  5. December 24, 2009 - Breast cancer is not a single disease, scientists discover
  6. December 24, 2009 - Tumors can re-seed themselves, study finds
  7. December 24, 2009 - 'Self-seeding' of cancer cells may play a critical role in tumor progression - also here
  8. December 25, 2009 - Sensitizing Leukemic Cells to Death-Inducing Compounds
  9. December 27, 2009 - Study blames two genes for aggressive brain cancer
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Good cholesterol not as protective in people with type 2 diabetes - also here
  2. December 21, 2009 - Moderate Fish Consumption May Lower Risk in Patients With a History of Heart Failure
  3. December 22, 2009 - 'Good' cholesterol less protective with diabetes - also here
  4. December 22, 2009 - C-reactive protein no cause of heart trouble: study
  5. December 22, 2009 - Extra calcium won't cut men's cholesterol levels
  6. December 22, 2009 - Most Plentiful Cell Type in the Heart -- The Fibroblast -- Contributes to Heart Failure
  7. December 23, 2009 - High-blood-pressure treatment for the over-80s too aggressive, warns expert - also here
  8. December 23, 2009 - Study shows a key protein helps control blood pressure - also here
  9. December 23, 2009 - Preventing heart attacks by targeting the immune system
  10. December 23, 2009 - New Web Tool May Help Predict Risk of Second Stroke
  11. December 23, 2009 - Role for Immune Cells Known as Mast Cells in Atrial Fibrillation
  12. December 23, 2009 - Elderly patients 'over-treated' for high blood pressure
  13. December 24, 2009 - Greater education may mean lower heart attack risk
  14. December 24, 2009 - Another 'bad' cholesterol linked to heart disease found
  15. December 26, 2009 - Signaling Decreases Blood Pressure, Study Finds
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - New tool for early diabetes detection in adults
  2. December 22, 2009 - Surgery recognized as effective treatment for type 2 diabetes
  3. December 22, 2009 - Is nicotinamide overload a trigger for type 2 diabetes? - also here
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Researchers Identify Tuberculosis Strain That Thrives on Antibiotic - also here
  2. December 21, 2009 - Study casts doubt on provocative tuberculosis theory - also here
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Gene therapy makes mice breath easier - also here
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. December 21, 2009 - Cannabis Hope for Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Background


Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

References:
  1. December 22, 2009 - New, virulent strain of MRSA poses renewed antibiotic resistance concerns - also here
  2. December 22, 2009 - Deadly infection more common than realized - also here
  3. December 22, 2009 - Pomegranates: Latest Weapon in the Fight Against MRSA
Background


Lack of cognitive benefits of omega-3 fatty acids

References:
  1. December 22, 2009 - Fish fatty acids don't make you cleverer or happier
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. December 22, 2009 - Stem cell cure for attack victim
  2. December 23, 2009 - Stem cell eye treatment gives victim of fight his sight back
  3. December 24, 2009 - Scientists identify protein that keeps stem cells poised for action - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. December 23, 2009 - Alzheimer's may guard against cancer and vice versa
  2. December 23, 2009 - Alzheimer's disease may protect against cancer and vice versa - also here
  3. December 24, 2009 - Alzheimer's 'associated with reduced risk of cancer'
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. December 23, 2009 - Adverse consequences of obesity may be greater than previously thought - also here
  2. December 23, 2009 - Role of Addiction Cannot Be Ignored in Obesity Epidemic
Background


Inflammatory skin diseases

References:
  1. December 23, 2009 - Genomic differences identified in common skin diseases - also here
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. December 23, 2009 - First adhere, then detach and glide forward - also here
Background


Clustering of autoimmune diseases

References:
  1. December 23, 2009 - Genomic toggle switches divide autoimmune diseases into distinct clusters - also here
Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. December 23, 2009 - Soil studies reveal rise in antibiotic resistance - also here
  2. December 23, 2009 - New study shows rise in drug resistance of dangerous infection in US hospitals - also here
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. December 23, 2009 - Synergistic interaction enhances pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease - also here
Background


Asthma

References:
  1. December 23, 2009 - A novel gene found for childhood-onset asthma - also here
  2. December 24, 2009 - U.S. doctors link gene to childhood asthma
Background


Inflammation

References:
  1. December 23, 2009 - New Pathway Discovered That May Prevent Tissue Damage Resulting from Inflammation
Background


Health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids

References:
  1. December 24, 2009 - Omega-3s help stave off age-related vision loss
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. December 24, 2009 - Smoking ups men's rheumatoid arthritis risk most
Background


Dementia

References:
  1. December 24, 2009 - Stress speeds mental decline in impaired elders
Background


Copyright © 2009 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved