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Volume 8, Number 44
November 2, 2009

Physical sciences

Paleoclimatology
Large Hadron Collider
Extrasolar planets
Modeling the universe and dark energy
Global warming
Ocean oxygenation
Microwave emissions from the galactic center
Gamma-ray bursts
Quantum gravity
Dark matter
Water on Mars
Aerosols and climate change
Kepler telescope
Superstring theory
Galactic dark matter
Neutron stars

Technology

Nanotechnology
Supercomputers
Automated astrophysical discovery
Robotics
Spintronics
Quantum communication
Plasmonics
Lab-on-a-chip
Supercomputer modeling of inertial confinement fusion
Carbon nanotubes
Superconductivity
Phase change memory
Photovoltaics

Life sciences

Heterochromatin and hybrid steriliy
B cell memory
Cancer resistance of naked mole rats
Telomere caps and chromosome protection
Cell adhesion
Organism size increases
Nuclear pore complex
DNA polymerase
Cambrian explosion
Germ cells from embryonic stem cells
Part-time transcription factors
Influenza virus antigenic drift
Origins of SARS virus virulence
Evolution of secondary sexual traits

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Schizophrenia
COMT, dopamine, and decision-making
Dopamine, learning, and brain development
Genetics of alcohol consumption
Neuroprotection by HDAC blocking
Serotonin, depression, and cultural attitudes towards individualism
Voice perception
Circadian rhythm
Neural communication without synapses
Palmitate, NMDA receptors, and long-term memory
PET imaging of neuroinflammation
Parallel visual systems
Heritability of compulsiveness

Health and medicine

Antidepressants
Cardiovascular disease
Cancer biology
AIDS
Obesity
Cancer
Inflammatory bowel disease
Diabetes
Avian flu
Alzheimer's disease
Anti-inflammatory effects of DHA
Dietary fibre and inflammatory disease
Spinal cord regeneration
Serotonin, insulin, and diabetes
Gene therapy
Smoldering inflammation and dendritic cells
Differential effects of statin drugs on neural cells and Alzheimer's disease
Stem cells
MicroRNA and cancer
Hepatitis C
Lupus
Nanobiotechnology
Parkinson's disease
Rheumatoid arthritis
Scleroderma
Gene networks of autoimmune diseases
Antibiotic resistance
Drug delivery
Drug discovery
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Hepatitis B



Physical sciences


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Palms once grew in ice-free Arctic
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Particles are back in the LHC
  2. October 26, 2009 - Particle beams injected into LHC
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Detecting Life-Friendly Moons
  2. October 29, 2009 - Simulations Show How Earth-Like Planets Can Form
Background


Modeling the universe and dark energy

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Scientists use world's fastest supercomputer to model origins of the unseen universe - also here
Background, Background


Global warming

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Statisticians reject global cooling
  2. October 28, 2009 - North Carolina Sea Levels Rising Three Times Faster Than in Previous 500 Years, Study Says - also here
  3. October 29, 2009 - Multiyear Arctic ice is effectively gone: expert
  4. October 30, 2009 - Multiyear Arctic ice 'effectively gone'
Background


Ocean oxygenation

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Like hungry teen, life on Earth had big growth spurts
  2. October 29, 2009 - Effects of biological oxygen production 100 million years before it accumulated in atmosphere - also here
Background, Background


Microwave emissions from the galactic center

References:
  1. October 27, 2009 - Monster supernovae may explain galaxy's mystery haze
Background


Gamma-ray bursts

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - A Blast From the Deep, Dark Past
  2. October 28, 2009 - Astronomers explore 'last blank space' on map of the Universe
  3. October 28, 2009 - Blast from the Past Gives Clues About Early Universe - also here, here
  4. October 28, 2009 - Most Distant Object Found; Light Pierced "Dark Age" Fog
  5. October 28, 2009 - Most distant gamma-ray burst spotted
  6. October 28, 2009 - Blast from the Very Far Past
  7. October 28, 2009 - Violent Explosion Is Most Distant Object Ever Seen - also here
  8. October 28, 2009 - Stellar blast is record-breaker
  9. October 28, 2009 - Mega-star explosion most distant object ever seen
  10. October 28, 2009 - Most Distant Object Yet Detected Carries Clues from Early Universe
  11. October 28, 2009 - Researchers Spot an Ancient Starburst from the Universe's Dark Ages
  12. October 29, 2009 - Astronomers spot most faraway object
  13. October 30, 2009 - Gamma-ray burst is the most distant object ever observed
  14. November 6, 2009 - In a Galaxy Far, Far Away...
Background, Background


Quantum gravity

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - Gamma-ray photon race ends in dead heat; Einstein wins this round - also here
  2. October 28, 2009 - Universe's quantum 'speed bumps' no obstacle for light
  3. October 28, 2009 - Gamma-ray observations shrink known grain size of spacetime
  4. October 28, 2009 - An intergalactic race in space and time
  5. October 28, 2009 - Fermi Telescope Caps First Year With Glimpse of Space-Time - also here
  6. October 28, 2009 - Space-Time Observations Find Einstein Still Rules
  7. October 28, 2009 - Special relativity passes key test
  8. October 28, 2009 - 7.3 Billion Years Later, Einstein's Theory Prevails
  9. October 28, 2009 - Gamma-ray burst restricts ways to beat Einstein's relativity
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - Is Fermi Seeing Dark Matter?
  2. October 29, 2009 - Dark matter sleuths to design world's largest WIMP catcher
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - Channels from Mars Hale Crater - also here
Background


Aerosols and climate change

References:
  1. October 29, 2009 - Aerosols cloud the climate picture
  2. October 29, 2009 - Aerosols make methane more potent
  3. October 29, 2009 - Interactions with Aerosols Boost Warming Potential of Some Gases - also here
Background


Kepler telescope

References:
  1. October 30, 2009 - Planet hunt delayed
Background


Superstring theory

References:
  1. October 30, 2009 - Superstring theory useful for experimental physics
Background


Galactic dark matter

References:
  1. October 30, 2009 - Dark Matter in a Galaxy
Background, Background


Neutron stars

References:
  1. October 30, 2009 - Voices of long-dead stars haunt the galaxy
Background



Technology


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Scientists first to trap light and sound vibrations together in nanocrystal - also here
Background


Supercomputers

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Science at the petascale: Roadrunner supercomputer results unveiled - also here
  2. October 29, 2009 - Roadrunner supercomputer simulates nanoscale material failure - also here
Background


Automated astrophysical discovery

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - New initiative to automate discovery of astrophysical phenomena
Background


Robotics

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Robotic perception, on purpose
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. October 27, 2009 - Researchers create all-electric spintronics - also here
Background


Quantum communication

References:
  1. October 27, 2009 - Research continues on secure, mobile, quantum communications - also here
Background


Plasmonics

References:
  1. October 27, 2009 - Plasmons shine a light on catalysis
Background


Lab-on-a-chip

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - Breakthrough In Lab-on-Chip For Fast Cancer Detection And Therapy
Background


Supercomputer modeling of inertial confinement fusion

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - Roadrunner supercomputer models nonlinear physics of high-power lasers - also here
Background, Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - Next-generation microcapsules deliver 'chemicals on demand' - also here
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. October 29, 2009 - Pinning Down Superconductivity to a Single Layer - also here
  2. October 29, 2009 - Slim, warm superconductors promise faster electronics
  3. November 2, 2009 - High-temperature superconductor goes super thin
Background


Phase change memory

References:
  1. October 29, 2009 - Intel Reports Breakthrough in Stacked, Cross Point Phase Change Memory Technology
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. October 30, 2009 - Porphyrin Dimers Increase Efficiency of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
Background



Life sciences


Heterochromatin and hybrid steriliy

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - A solution to Darwin's 'mystery of the mysteries' emerges from the dark matter of the genome - also here
  2. October 26, 2009 - Researchers discover mechanism that prevents two species from reproducing - also here
Background, Background


B cell memory

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Immune cell memory tracked
Background


Cancer resistance of naked mole rats

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Secrets of a cancer-free rodent
  2. October 26, 2009 - Naked Mole Rat Wins the War on Cancer
  3. October 26, 2009 - Scientists discover gene that 'cancer-proofs' rodent's cells - also here
Background, Background


Telomere caps and chromosome protection

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Common weed could provide clues on aging and cancer - also here
Background


Cell adhesion

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Discovery Of A Novel Cell Adhesion Mechanism
Background


Organism size increases

References:
  1. October 27, 2009 - Like a hungry teen, life on Earth had big growth spurts
Background


Nuclear pore complex

References:
  1. October 27, 2009 - Biologists reveal structure of cell nucleus 'gatekeeper'
Background


DNA polymerase

References:
  1. October 27, 2009 - Scientists Are First To Observe The Global Motions Of An Enzyme Copyinng DNA - also here
Background


Cambrian explosion

References:
  1. October 27, 2009 - Novel Evolutionary Theory For The Explosion Of Life
Background, Background


Germ cells from embryonic stem cells

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - Scientists turn stem cells into precursors for sperm, eggs - also here
  2. October 28, 2009 - Scientists make cells that form eggs and sperm in lab
  3. October 28, 2009 - Stem cell study leads to breakthrough in understanding infertility
  4. October 29, 2009 - Scientists create egg, sperm precursor
Background


Part-time transcription factors

References:
  1. October 29, 2009 - 'Moonlighting' molecules discovered - also here
Background


Influenza virus antigenic drift

References:
  1. October 29, 2009 - Scientists Propose New Explanation for Flu Virus Antigenic Drift - also here
Background


Origins of SARS virus virulence

References:
  1. November 30, 2009 - Two-pronged protein attack could be source of SARS virulence - also here
Background, Background


Evolution of secondary sexual traits

References:
  1. October 31, 2009 - Why do animals, especially males, have so many different colors? - also here
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Faulty 'wiring' in the brain triggers onset of schizophrenia - also here
  2. October 27, 2009 - New 'schizophrenia gene' prompts researchers to test potential drug target - here
Background


COMT, dopamine, and decision-making

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - The Protein for Quick Decision-Makers
Background, Background


Dopamine, learning, and brain development

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Changes in brain chemicals mark shifts in infant learning - also here
Background


Genetics of alcohol consumption

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Genes that drive you to drink (but don't make you an alcoholic) - also here
  2. October 26, 2009 - A polymorphism of the μ-opioid receptor is linked to alcohol misuse among adolescents - also here
Background


Neuroprotection by HDAC blocking

References:
  1. October 27, 2009 - Enzyme blocker may reverse nerve damage
Background


Serotonin, depression, and cultural attitudes towards individualism

References:
  1. October 27, 2009 - 'Culture of we' buffers genetic tendency to depression - also here
  2. October 27, 2009 - Eastern 'collectivist' culture may buffer against depression
  3. October 28, 2009 - Genes drive behaviour, but culture can select genes: study
Background, Background, Background


Voice perception

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - Brain responds to human voice in one fifth of a second
Background


Circadian rhythm

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - Circadian surprise: Mechanism of temperature synchronization in drosophila - also here
  2. October 28, 2009 - Disruption Of Circadian Rhythms Affects Both Brain And Body, Mouse Study Finds
Background


Neural communication without synapses

References:
  1. October 29, 2009 - Brain Cells Chat, Even Without a Synapse
Background


Palmitate, NMDA receptors, and long-term memory

References:
  1. October 30, 2009 - This is your brain on fatty acids - also here
Background, Background


PET imaging of neuroinflammation

References:
  1. October 30, 2009 - Unlocking mysteries of the brain with PET - also here
Background


Parallel visual systems

References:
  1. October 30, 2009 - What You See Is Not Always What You Do
Background


Heritability of compulsiveness

References:
  1. October 30, 2009 - Cluttered home? Blame your genes
Background



Health and medicine


Antidepressants

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Antidepressants 'work instantly'
  2. October 27, 2009 - Hunting for the Prozac gene
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Location of body fat affects risk of blood clots in men, women - also here
  2. October 26, 2009 - Angina in the legs? Time to alert patients and physicians - also here
  3. October 26, 2009 - Concurrent imaging of metabolic and electric signals in the heart
  4. October 26, 2009 - Leg artery disease often goes undetected
  5. October 26, 2009 - Heart attacks become more common but less often fatal in women - also here
  6. October 27, 2009 - Just one cigarette has harmful effect on the arteries of young healthy adults - also here
  7. October 27, 2009 - Adding ezetimibe to atorvastatin improves lipid control - also here
  8. October 28, 2009 - No link seen between coffee and heart failure
  9. October 28, 2009 - Research: Migraine increases stroke risk - also here
  10. October 28, 2009 - 'Aura' migraines a stroke risk
  11. October 29, 2009 - Low vitamin D tied to heart, stroke deaths
  12. October 29, 2009 - High Blood Pressure Medicines Show Promise for Treating Heart Disease
  13. October 30, 2009 - High fructose corn syrup: A recipe for hypertension - also here
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Scientists identify a cellular pathway by which alcohol may promote cancer progression
  2. October 26, 2009 - Alternatively spliced tissue factor identified as promising new biomarker for aggressive cancers - also here
  3. October 26, 2009 - Chemosensitivity of cancer cells depends on their protein dependency - also here
  4. October 27, 2009 - Link Between Alcohol And Cancer Explained: Alcohol Activates Cellular Changes That Make Tumor Cells Spread
  5. October 29, 2009 - Study uncovers key to how 'triggering event' in cancer occurs - also here
  6. October 29, 2009 - Th17 cells summon an immune system strike against cancer - also here
  7. October 29, 2009 - Autoimmune disease cells harnessed to fight cancer
  8. October 29, 2009 - Inhibitor of Heat Shock Protein is a Potential Anticancer Drug, Study Finds - also here
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Sperm may play leading role in spreading HIV - also here
  2. October 26, 2009 - T-Cell Vaccine Reduces Simian Immunodeficiency Virus Levels In Semen Of Monkeys During Primary Infection
  3. October 27, 2009 - Scientists use world's fastest supercomputer to create the largest HIV evolutionary tree - also here
  4. October 27, 2009 - Combination antiretroviral therapy effective at reducing HIV resistance in mothers and babies - also here
  5. October 28, 2009 - Jury still out on HIV vaccine results
  6. October 29, 2009 - An antiviral leash for HIV?
  7. October 29, 2009 - HIV tamed by designer 'leash' - also here
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Obesity may hinder optimal control of blood pressure and cholesterol
  2. October 29, 2009 - Upping fiber intake could help defeat belly fat
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Physical scientists will apply laws of physics in cancer fight
  2. October 26, 2009 - Do drug therapies raise risk of bladder cancer? - also here
  3. October 26, 2009 - Study reveals possible link between IBD therapy and skin cancer - also here
  4. October 26, 2009 - First national and evidence-based guidelines for brain cancer released - also here
  5. October 26, 2009 - Barrett's esophagus patients have same survival rates as general population - also here
  6. October 26, 2009 - Cardiologists Clear The Way For Lifesaving Breast Cancer Treatment
  7. October 26, 2009 - Breast Reduction May Lead To Cancer Detection In Patients
  8. October 27, 2009 - Study says combined therapy helps head, neck cancer
  9. October 27, 2009 - Thyroid cancer a risk after childhood cancer
  10. October 27, 2009 - WHO study suggests link between cell phones and tumors
  11. October 27, 2009 - Cholesterol-lowering medicines may be effective against cancer - also here
  12. October 27, 2009 - Method targets cancerous tumors
  13. October 27, 2009 - Cancer research gets physical
  14. October 27, 2009 - Adding tools against breast tumors
  15. October 27, 2009 - Alternative to pap test does not appear to be better for detecting cervical cancer - also here
  16. October 27, 2009 - Screening Guidelines For Breast, Cervical And Colorectal Cancers Redefined
  17. October 28, 2009 - Scientists say curry compound kills cancer cells
  18. October 28, 2009 - Physically active have reduced risk of prostate cancer
  19. October 28, 2009 - A new explanation of 'Asian paradox' - also here
  20. October 28, 2009 - High-definition colonoscopy detects more polyps - also here
  21. October 28, 2009 - Gastroenterologists explore relationship between bacteria in the gut and breast cancer
  22. October 28, 2009 - Is short-term Celecoxib intervention a effective method for preventing gastric carcinogenesis? - also here
  23. October 28, 2009 - Curry spice 'kills cancer cells'
  24. October 28, 2009 - AstraZeneca pulls submissions for lung cancer drug
  25. October 29, 2009 - NSAIDs tied to reduced death after colon cancer
  26. October 29, 2009 - Researchers use drug-radiation combo to eradicate lung cancer
  27. October 30, 2009 - Coffee may lower endometrial cancer risk - also here
  28. October 30, 2009 - Immunotherapy demonstrates long-term success in treating lymphoma - also here
  29. October 30, 2009 - FDA concerns remain over new use for Schering drug
  30. October 31, 2009 - 'One-stop' test for breast cancer to end agonising wait for result
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Probiotic found to be effective treatment for colitis in mice
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Protein critical for insulin secretion may be contributor to diabetes - also here
  2. October 27, 2009 - Vegetables can protect unborn child against diabetes - also here
  3. October 28, 2009 - Diabetes can be delayed with diet, exercise
  4. October 28, 2009 - Lifestyle changes, drug lower type 2 diabetes risk
  5. October 29, 2009 - A Decade Later, Lifestyle Changes Or Metformin Still Lower Type 2 Diabetes Risk
  6. October 29, 2009 - Dieting 'keeps diabetes at bay'
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. October 26, 2009 - Genes May Determine Susceptibility To H5N1 Avian Influenza A Virus Infection
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. October 27, 2009 - Epilepsy drugs could treat Alzheimer's and Parkinson's - also here
  2. October 27, 2009 - Does diabetes speed up memory loss in Alzheimer's disease? - also here
  3. October 27, 2009 - Is It A Visual Problem Or Alzheimer's? New Data Helps Doctors Make The Diagnosis
  4. October 27, 2009 - Diabetics with Alzheimer's have slower memory loss
  5. October 28, 2009 - Benefit of memantine in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease not proven - also here
Background


Anti-inflammatory effects of DHA

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - Why fish oils help and how they could help even more - also here
Background, Background


Dietary fibre and inflammatory disease

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - Fibre may keep asthma, diabetes at bay, study finds - also here
Background, Background


Spinal cord regeneration

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - Regeneration can be achieved after chronic spinal cord injury - also here
  2. October 30, 2009 - Geron, FDA agree on spinal injury drug trial
  3. November 1, 2009 - Experts put their heads together
Background


Serotonin, insulin, and diabetes

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - 'Feel-good' hormone serotonin regulates blood sugar concentration
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - Gene therapy repairs injured human donor lungs for the first time - also here
  2. October 30, 2009 - Researchers show efficacy of gene therapy in mouse models of Huntington's disease - also here
Background


Smoldering inflammation and dendritic cells

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - Dendritic cells spark smoldering inflammation in smokers' lungs - also here
Background, Background


Differential effects of statin drugs on neural cells and Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - Statins show dramatic drug and cell dependent effects in the brain - also here
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - Stem cell therapy may offer hope for acute lung injury - also here
  2. October 29, 2009 - Placental precursor stem cells require testosterone-free environment to survive - also here
  3. October 30, 2009 - Geron trial may resume next year
Background


MicroRNA and cancer

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - MicroRNA-mediated metastasis suppression
Background, Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. October 28, 2009 - Vertex hep C drug helps tough to treat patients
  2. October 31, 2009 - Vertex hep C drug works well in twice daily dosing
  3. November 1, 2009 - Extending treatment after liver transplant may benefit patients with hepatitis C recurrence - also here
Background


Lupus

References:
  1. October 29, 2009 - Lupus linked to heart disease
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. October 29, 2009 - Gold Nanoparticles Delivery Platinum Warheads to Tumors
  2. October 30, 2009 - Nanoparticles Detect and Purge Metastases in Lymph Nodes
  3. October 30, 2009 - Nano-Scale Drug Delivery For Chemotherapy - also here
  4. November 1, 2009 - Smart drug delivery system -- Gold nanocage covered with polymer
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. October 29, 2009 - Widely used cholesterol-lowering drug may prevent progression - also here
  2. October 29, 2009 - Researchers find brain cell transplants help repair neural damage - also here
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. October 29, 2009 - Pain thresholds linked to inflammation and sleep problems in arthritis patients - also here
  2. October 29, 2009 - Anti-tumor necrosis factor treatment does not increase cancer Risk in RA patients - also here
Background


Scleroderma

References:
  1. October 29, 2009 - Geneticists hunt for scleroderma triggers - also here
Background


Gene networks of autoimmune diseases

References:
  1. October 29, 2009 - JAX publishes online tool for exploring autoimmune disease gene networks
Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. October 30, 2009 - Antibiotic-resistant bacteria strike drug of last resort
Background


Drug delivery

References:
  1. October 30, 2009 - Magnetism Turns Drug Release On and Off
Background


Drug discovery

References:
  1. November 1, 2009 - New targets for old drugs
  2. November 2, 2009 - Old drugs reveal surprising new tricks
Background


Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

References:
  1. November 1, 2009 - MRSA strain linked to high death rates - also here
Background


Hepatitis B

References:
  1. November 1, 2009 - Hepatitis B does not increase risk for pancreatic cancer - also here
Background


Copyright © 2009 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved