Open Questions Chronicle

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Volume 8, Number 43
October 26, 2009

Physical sciences

Extrasolar planets
Dark matter
Artificial black holes
Global warming
Paleoclimatology
X-ray jets from active galactic nuclei
Large Hadron Collider
Dwarf galaxies
Climate modeling
Earliest galaxy cluster
Large Synoptic Survey Telescope
Formation of rocky planets
Coronal rain
Orion nebula cataclysm
Black Holes
Ultracold gas interactions with RF radiation

Technology

Optical circuits
Photovoltaics
Nanoparticle electric space propulsion
Shared virtual collaboration spaces
High-density data storage
Spintronics
Terahertz technology
Fuel cells
Optical nanoantennas
Nanotechnology
Retinal prostheses
Supercomputing
Plastic optical fiber and optical switching
Lab-on-a-chip
Comparison of digital storage technologies

Life sciences

Evolution of modern humans
Radiation tolerance of Deinococcus radiodurans
Genes and limb regeneration
Analysis of protein glycans
Differences between mother and daughter cells
Late Ediacaran fauna
Induced pluripotent stem cells
Advantages of sexual reproduction
Early hominids
DNA repair
Transposable elements
Estrogen and fat metabolism
Early Cambrian fauna
Sexual selection
FLASH and histone protein messenger RNA
Non-essential DNA
Bacterial RNA networks

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Autism
Exercise and dopaminergic neurons
Augmented intelligence in rats
Time coding in the brain
Brain-imaging studies
Neuroprotection mechanisms
Object-specific neurons
Triggering memory with few neurons
Eating behavior and the brain
Circadian rhythm
Schizophrenia
Sleep deprivation and memory
Depression
Visual learning
Gender differences in indentification of emotions
Modulation of social and emotional behavior
Brain mechanisms of addiction
Sensory deprivation and hallucinations
GABA and extinction of fear learning
Genetics and speech
Attention
Evolution of human altruism
Prenatal sex-based brain differences
Cocaine addiction
Olfaction and moral behavior
Mst3b and axon regeneration
Alcohol and neurogenesis

Health and medicine

Stem cells
Cancer biology
Effect of diet on weight and anxiety levels
Tissue engineering
Cancer
Anti-inflammatories
Rhinoviruses
AIDS
Obesity
Cardiovascular disease
Rheumatoid arthritis
Diabetes
Dementia
Alzheimer's disease
Hepatitis C
Spinal cord regeneration
Lupus
Inflammatory bowel disease
Parkinson's disease
Resveratrol
SiRNA drug delivery
Weight loss
Gene therapy



Physical sciences


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - 32 new exoplanets found - also here, here, here
  2. October 19, 2009 - Scientists find trawl of 32 new planets
  3. October 19, 2009 - SuperEarths common for other stars
  4. October 19, 2009 - 32 New Planets Found Outside Our Solar System
  5. October 19, 2009 - 32 Alien Planets Discovered, Including Super-Earths
  6. October 19, 2009 - Nearly 3 Dozen Planets Found
  7. October 19, 2009 - Scientists announce planet bounty
  8. October 19, 2009 - Europeans find 32 new planets outside solar system
  9. October 20, 2009 - Astronomers Do It Again: Find Organic Molecules Around Gas Planet - also here, here, here
  10. October 20, 2009 - Life Ingredients Found on Extrasolar Gas Giant
  11. October 20, 2009 - Star gazers spy 32 new exoplanets
  12. October 20, 2009 - Astronomers discover 32 new planets
  13. October 21, 2009 - And Then There Were 400
  14. October 21, 2009 - Chemicals Needed for Life Detected on Second Distant Planet
  15. October 22, 2009 - The CoRoT space mission: Early results
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Bright light hints at a dark centre to the Galaxy
Background


Artificial black holes

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Black Hole Conditions, Right Here on Earth
  2. October 21, 2009 - Lasers simulate black hole in the lab
  3. October 26, 2009 - Laser recreates X-rays emitted by a black hole
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - West Antarctic ice sheet may not be losing ice as fast as once thought - also here
  2. October 19, 2009 - Arctic lake sediments show warming, unique ecological changes in recent decades - also here
  3. October 25, 2009 - Arctic Sediments Show That 20th Century Warming Is Unlike Natural Variation
Background


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - As Greenland melts
  2. October 22, 2009 - Seafloor Fossils Provide Clues on Climate Change
  3. October 22, 2009 - Ethiopia's climate 27 million years ago had higher rainfall, warmer soil - also here
Background


X-ray jets from active galactic nuclei

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - X-Ray Jets from Galaxies
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - LHC now colder than deep space
Background


Dwarf galaxies

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Discovery of dwarf galaxy a big find for astronomy team
Background


Climate modeling

References:
  1. October 21, 2009 - Scientists Develop New Method to Quantify Climate Modeling Uncertainty
Background


Earliest galaxy cluster

References:
  1. October 22, 2009 - Farthest Galaxy Cluster Ever Detected
  2. October 22, 2009 - Galaxy cluster smashes distance record - also here
  3. October 22, 2009 - New Record For Most Distant Galaxy Cluster
  4. October 22, 2009 - 'Most distant' galaxy group spied
Background


Large Synoptic Survey Telescope

References:
  1. October 22, 2009 - Huge CCD Could Give Real-Time View of Dark Energy Hunt
Background


Formation of rocky planets

References:
  1. October 22, 2009 - Building Planet Earth
Background


Coronal rain

References:
  1. October 22, 2009 - Sun's rain could explain why corona heat is insane
Background


Orion nebula cataclysm

References:
  1. October 23, 2009 - The Explosive Disintegration of a Young Stellar System in Orion
Background


Black Holes

References:
  1. October 25, 2009 - How To See a Black Hole
Background


Ultracold gas interactions with RF radiation

References:
  1. October 25, 2009 - Physicists Turn To Radio Dial For Finer Atomic Matchmaking
Background



Technology


Optical circuits

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Running electronics using light
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - INL, ISU team on nanoparticle production breakthrough
  2. October 19, 2009 - Major advance in organic solar cells - also here
  3. October 19, 2009 - Carbon nanotubes may cheaply harvest sunlight
  4. October 22, 2009 - Sharp Develops Solar Cell with World's Highest Conversion Efficiency of 35.8
Background


Nanoparticle electric space propulsion

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Nanosatellites expected to benefit from advanced propulsion technology
Background


Shared virtual collaboration spaces

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Researchers Bring Avatars and People Together for Virtual Meetings in Physical Spaces
Background, Background


High-density data storage

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Researchers Develop Material That Could Boost Data Storage, Save Energy - also here
Background, Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Nanoresearch could lead to next generation of transistors
Background


Terahertz technology

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Company Introduces Novel Nanotechnology for Revolutionizing Imaging Using T-rays
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Replacing Platinum in Fuel Cell Technology
Background


Optical nanoantennas

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Smallest nanoantennas for high-speed data networks - also here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Scientists Use Self-Assembly to Make Molecule-Sized Particles With Patches of Charge - also here
  2. October 21, 2009 - Scientists bend nanowires into 2-D and 3-D structures - also here
  3. October 22, 2009 - Scientists solve decade-long mystery of nanopillar formations - also here
  4. October 22, 2009 - Researchers find new route to nano self-assembly - also here
  5. October 22, 2009 - Researchers can precisely manipulate polarization in nanostructures
  6. October 23, 2009 - Transforming nanowires into nano-tools using cation exchange reactions - also here
Background


Retinal prostheses

References:
  1. October 21, 2009 - Bionic technology aims to give sight to woman blinded beginning at age 13 - also here
  2. October 21, 2009 - 'Bionic Eye' May Help Blind See: Retinal Prosthesis Shown To Restore Partial Vision
Background


Supercomputing

References:
  1. October 21, 2009 - Georgia Tech wins NSF award for next-gen supercomputing
Background


Plastic optical fiber and optical switching

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Light switch could boost network speeds
Background, Background


Lab-on-a-chip

References:
  1. October 22, 2009 - Sensor biochips could aid in cancer diagnosis and treatment - also here
Background


Comparison of digital storage technologies

References:
  1. October 23, 2009 - What Comes After Hard Drives?
Background



Life sciences


Evolution of modern humans

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Are humans still evolving? Absolutely, says new analysis of long-term survey of human health - also here
  2. October 19, 2009 - Meet future woman: shorter, plumper, more fertile
  3. October 22, 2009 - We're Still Evolving--And We May Be Shrinking
  4. October 23, 2009 - Modern Humans Are Still Evolving
Background


Radiation tolerance of Deinococcus radiodurans

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Research reveals key to world's toughest organism
Background


Genes and limb regeneration

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - A master mechanism for regeneration? - also here
Background


Analysis of protein glycans

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - New technique paves way for medical discoveries
Background


Differences between mother and daughter cells

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Checkered history of mother and daughter cells explains cell cycle differences - also here
Background


Late Ediacaran fauna

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Fossils Push Back Earliest Complex Animals 40 Million Years
Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Scientists develop novel method to generate functional hepatocytes for drug testing - also
  2. October 22, 2009 - Reprogramming a patient's eye cells may herald new treatments against degenerative disease - also here
Background


Advantages of sexual reproduction

References:
  1. October 21, 2009 - Why sex with a partner is better - also here
Background


Early hominids

References:
  1. October 21, 2009 - Two-million-year-old evidence shows tool-making hominins inhabited grassland environments - also here
  2. October 21, 2009 - Earliest evidence of humans thriving on the savannah
  3. October 22, 2009 - Ancient 'Lucy' Species Ate A Different Diet Than Previously Thought
  4. October 23, 2009 - Malawi could be the cradle of humankind
Background


DNA repair

References:
  1. October 21, 2009 - Single-stranded DNA-binding protein is dynamic, critical to DNA repair - also here
Background


Transposable elements

References:
  1. October 21, 2009 - New research shows how mobile DNA survives -- and thrives -- in plants, animals - also here
Background


Estrogen and fat metabolism

References:
  1. October 22, 2009 - Estrogen helps ward off belly fat
Background


Early Cambrian fauna

References:
  1. October 22, 2009 - Geologist analyzes earliest shell-covered fossil animals - also here
Background


Sexual selection

References:
  1. October 22, 2009 - Female choice benefits mothers more than offspring - also here
Background


FLASH and histone protein messenger RNA

References:
  1. October 22, 2009 - Messenger RNA with FLASH - also here
Background


Non-essential DNA

References:
  1. October 22, 2009 - Reduced genome works fine with 2000 chunks missing
  2. October 22, 2009 - Missing genes? Sometimes, it's not a problem
Background


Bacterial RNA networks

References:
  1. October 22, 2009 - Scientists first to see RNA network in live bacterial cells - also here
Background, Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Autism

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Why are preemies more likely to develop autism?
  2. October 19, 2009 - Mercury levels similar in autistic, normal kids
  3. October 19, 2009 - Study finds mercury levels in children with autism and those developing typically are the same - also here
  4. October 21, 2009 - Study surprise yields new target for assessing genes linked to autism
  5. October 22, 2009 - Twin study underscores role of genes in autism
  6. October 22, 2009 - Possible Link Between Autism And Oxytocin Gene Via Non-DNA Sequence Mutation
Background


Exercise and dopaminergic neurons

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Exercise helps brains bounce back
Background


Augmented intelligence in rats

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Smart rat 'Hobbie-J' produced by over-expressing a gene that helps brain cells communicate - also here
  2. November 12, 2009 - Rat Made Supersmart -- Similar Boost Unsafe in Humans?
Background


Time coding in the brain

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Neuroscientists find neural stopwatch in the brain - also here
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - First-time Internet users find boost in brain function after just one week - also here
Background


Neuroprotection mechanisms

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Understanding the brain's natural foil for over-excited neurons - also here
  2. October 19, 2009 - Researchers reveal mechanism for neuron self-preservation - also here
Background


Object-specific neurons

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - People can control their Halle Berry neurons - also here
  2. October 22, 2009 - You can control your Marilyn Monroe neuron
Background


Triggering memory with few neurons

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Total recall achieved
Background


Eating behavior and the brain

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Think what you eat: Studies point to cellular factors linking diet and behavior
  2. October 21, 2009 - Junk food turns rats into addicts
  3. October 27, 2009 - Junk Food Diet Causes Ratsí Brain Pleasure Centers To Become Progressively Less Responsive
Background


Circadian rhythm

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Researchers find new mechanism for circadian rhythm - also here
  2. October 20, 2009 - Weather 'shapes human body clock'
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Treatment for epilepsy is a possible culprit for development of schizophrenia - also here
  2. October 22, 2009 - New study suggests minimal relationship between cannabis and schizophrenia or psychosis - also here
  3. October 25, 2009 - Rare mutation dramatically increasing schizophrenia risk - also here
Background


Sleep deprivation and memory

References:
  1. October 21, 2009 - Drug clears the fog of a sleepless night
  2. October 21, 2009 - Why Sleepyheads Forget
  3. October 22, 2009 - Researchers reverse the cognitive impairment caused by sleep deprivation - also here
  4. November 26, 2009 - Researchers discover enzyme behind effects of sleep deprivation
Background, Background


Depression

References:
  1. October 21, 2009 - Light at night linked to symptoms of depression in mice - also here
  2. October 23, 2009 - Why antidepressants don't work for so many - also here
Background


Visual learning

References:
  1. October 21, 2009 - Can we 'learn to see?': Study shows perception of invisible stimuli improves with training - also here
Background, Background


Gender differences in indentification of emotions

References:
  1. October 21, 2009 - Women outperform men when identifying emotions - also here
Background, Background


Modulation of social and emotional behavior

References:
  1. October 21, 2009 - Two brain structures key to emotional balance especially in threatening situations - also here
Background, Background


Brain mechanisms of addiction

References:
  1. October 21, 2009 - Studies improve knowledge of underlying brain changes caused by addiction
Background


Sensory deprivation and hallucinations

References:
  1. October 21, 2009 - Out of LSD? Just 15 Minutes of Sensory Deprivation Triggers Hallucinations
  2. October 23, 2009 - Sensory deprivation can produce hallucinations in only 15 minutes
Background


GABA and extinction of fear learning

References:
  1. October 22, 2009 - Getting on 'the GABA receptor shuttle' to treat anxiety disorders - also here
Background, Background


Genetics and speech

References:
  1. October 23, 2009 - A gene critical for speech
Background


Attention

References:
  1. October 23, 2009 - Sudden moves spark brain battle
Background


Evolution of human altruism

References:
  1. October 23, 2009 - Altruism: Genetic or Cultural Evolution?
Background, Background


Prenatal sex-based brain differences

References:
  1. October 23, 2009 - Sex-based prenatal brain differences found - also here
Background


Cocaine addiction

References:
  1. October 23, 2009 - Amino Acid May Help Reduce Cocaine Cravings
Background


Olfaction and moral behavior

References:
  1. October 24, 2009 - New research shows clean smells promote moral behavior
Background


Mst3b and axon regeneration

References:
  1. October 25, 2009 - Master regulator found for regenerating nerve fibers in live animals - also here
Background


Alcohol and neurogenesis

References:
  1. October 25, 2009 - Chronic Voluntary Alcohol Consumption Impairs Neurogenesis
Background



Health and medicine


Stem cells

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Stem cell transplants stalled blindness in rats
  2. October 20, 2009 - Growing Cartilage from Stem Cells - also here
  3. October 21, 2009 - New Method To Coax Retinal Cells From Stem Cells
  4. October 22, 2009 - Bone formation from embryonic stem cells
  5. October 23, 2009 - Identifying Safe Stem Cells To Repair Spinal Cords
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Mice study gives clue to how breast cancer spreads
  2. October 19, 2009 - Mice provide clues to how cancer spreads
  3. October 21, 2009 - Study finds way to protect healthy cells from radiation damage - also here
  4. October 21, 2009 - Study Shows How Normal Cells Influence Tumor Growth - also here
  5. October 22, 2009 - Protein is linked to lung cancer development
Background


Effect of diet on weight and anxiety levels

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - 'American Diet' v. Atkins Diet
Background


Tissue engineering

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - 'Scaffold' to regenerate lost or damaged bones and tissues - also here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Detecting the undetectable in prostate cancer screening - also here
  2. October 19, 2009 - Lack of Social Interaction Affects Health Outcomes of Breast Cancer
  3. October 19, 2009 - Metals could forge new cancer drug - also here
  4. October 19, 2009 - Hormone mix could cut breast cancer risk and treat symptoms of menopause - also here
  5. October 20, 2009 - Scientists identify specific markers that trigger aggressiveness of liver cancer - also here
  6. October 20, 2009 - Researchers exploit genetic 'co-dependence' to kill treatment-resistant tumor cells - also here
  7. October 20, 2009 - Melanoma treatment options one step closer - also here
  8. October 20, 2009 - Experts issue call to reconsider screening for breast cancer and prostate cancer - also here
  9. October 20, 2009 - Cancer Society, in Shift, Has Concerns on Screenings
  10. October 21, 2009 - Trigger of deadly food toxin discovered - also here
  11. October 21, 2009 - Panel backs vaccine as cervical cancer alternative
  12. October 22, 2009 - Focal therapy and prostate cancer
  13. October 22, 2009 - Circulating Mesothelin Serves as a Marker of Pancreatic Cancer
  14. October 22, 2009 - New microRNA Data Could Classify Bladder Cancer by Type
  15. October 22, 2009 - Vitronectin Receptor Expression Improves Ovarian Cancer Patient Prognosis
  16. October 23, 2009 - Low-fat eating best after skin cancer: study
  17. October 23, 2009 - Biosensor to help enlist cancer resistance fighters?
  18. October 23, 2009 - A serving of soy a day can help keep breast cancer away
Background


Anti-inflammatories

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Mangosteen juice could protect health in the obese - also here
Background


Rhinoviruses

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Researcher finds there could be up to 200 cold viruses
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - AIDS: Vaccine shows positive results in small trial - researchers
  2. October 19, 2009 - HIV vaccine trial was significant
  3. October 20, 2009 - Full results show AIDS vaccine is of modest help - also here
  4. October 20, 2009 - First HIV vaccine trial success confirmed
  5. October 20, 2009 - Scientists glean lessons from stalled AIDS vaccine
  6. October 20, 2009 - Review confirms AIDS vaccine may have worked - also here
  7. October 20, 2009 - Modest HIV protection confirmed
  8. October 20, 2009 - AIDS Vaccine Study Reassures Skeptics
  9. October 21, 2009 - Experts study thriving HIV "controllers" in vaccine search
  10. October 21, 2009 - HIV vaccine trial under fire
  11. October 21, 2009 - AIDS: Are the wilderness years over for vaccine research?
  12. October 21, 2009 - Could ancient virus genes help fight modern AIDS?
  13. October 22, 2009 - Brief shocks may deliver AIDS vaccines better
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Big on obesogens: Biologist believes industrial pollutants contributing to America's obesity epidemic
  2. October 19, 2009 - Redefining obesity's health risks: Scientists make the case for new body fat assessment
  3. October 21, 2009 - Phytochemicals in plant-based foods could help battle obesity, disease - also here
  4. October 23, 2009 - Obesity May Hinder Optimal Control Of Blood Pressure And Cholesterol
  5. October 23, 2009 - Scientists seek origins of obesity in the womb - also here
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - Protein may predict heart attack and early death, not stroke - also here
  2. October 20, 2009 - Accelerated bone growth may be an indicator of hypertension in children - also here
  3. October 21, 2009 - Farmers' pesticides may not raise heart risks
  4. October 21, 2009 - Lifestyle changes remain important in fighting peripheral arterial disease - also here
  5. October 22, 2009 - Low dose radiation 'harms heart'
  6. October 23, 2009 - New research suggests how low doses of radiation can cause heart disease and stroke - also here
  7. October 23, 2009 - The correlation between incidental NAFLD and carotid atherosclerosis - also here
  8. October 23, 2009 - Concurrent Imaging Of Metabolic And Electric Signals In The Heart
  9. October 25, 2009 - Aerobic exercise no big stretch for older adults but helps elasticity of arteries - also here
  10. October 25, 2009 - Study establishes that women do have same the heart attack symptoms as men - also here
  11. October 25, 2009 - Women have 'same heart symptoms'
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. October 19, 2009 - US rejects wider use of Roche arthritis drug
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Healthy lifestyle benefits those with diabetes
  2. October 20, 2009 - Latest diabetes figures paint grim global picture
  3. October 21, 2009 - Shellfish may raise diabetes risk: study
  4. October 21, 2009 - Isis Pharma diabetes drug shows promise in mid-stage
  5. October 21, 2009 - Mixed data for AZ, BMS diabetes drug in new study
  6. October 22, 2009 - Long-acting insulin boosts diabetes care: study
  7. October 22, 2009 - Scientists identify roots of diabetic tissue damage
  8. October 23, 2009 - Statin drugs might slightly boost diabetes risk
  9. October 23, 2009 - Study finds best use of insulin as diabetes progresses - also here
Background


Dementia

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Googling Fights Dementia, Study Suggests
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Alzheimer's researchers find high protein diet shrinks brain - also here
  2. October 21, 2009 - Blood test shows promise for early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease - also here
  3. October 21, 2009 - Alzheimer's lesions found in the retina - also here
  4. October 22, 2009 - Manipulating brain inflammation may help clear brain of amyloid plaques - also here
  5. October 22, 2009 - CpG DNA Therapy For Alzheimer Disease
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Drinking coffee slows progression of liver disease in chronic hepatitis C sufferers - also here
  2. October 23, 2009 - A few coffees a day keeps liver disease at bay
  3. October 26, 2009 - Coffee may slow liver damage from hepatitis
Background


Spinal cord regeneration

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Researchers find ways to encourage spinal cord regeneration after injury
  2. October 21, 2009 - Damaging inflammatory response could hinder spinal cord repair - also here
  3. October 22, 2009 - Low-Carb Diet Speeds Recovery From Spinal Cord Injury
Background


Lupus

References:
  1. October 20, 2009 - Human Genome lupus data cheers investors, shares up
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. October 21, 2009 - The bowels of infection
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. October 21, 2009 - Study conclusively ties rare disease gene to Parkinson's - also here
Background


Resveratrol

References:
  1. October 22, 2009 - Red grape skin extract could be new treatment for sickle cell disease patients
Background


SiRNA drug delivery

References:
  1. October 22, 2009 - Delivery Of Cancer-Fighting Molecules Improved
Background, Background


Weight loss

References:
  1. October 23, 2009 - Diabetes drug helps obese adults loss weight
  2. October 23, 2009 - Diabetes drug 'trumps fat pill'
  3. October 24, 2009 - Orexigen obesity drug shows added benefits: studies
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. October 24, 2009 - Gene therapy experiment restores sight in a few
  2. October 24, 2009 - Gene Therapy Helps Blind Children See
  3. October 24, 2009 - Eye gene therapy boost for young
  4. October 25, 2009 - One shot of gene therapy and children with congenital blindness can now see - also here
  5. October 25, 2009 - Gene therapy transforms eyesight of 12 born with rare defect
Background


Copyright © 2009 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved