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Volume 8, Number 35
August 31, 2009

Physical sciences and technology

Extrasolar planets
Photovoltaics
Quantum gravity
Grid computing
Supercomputers
Ocean acidification
Robotics
Dark matter
Variability of stellar mass ratios
Microfluidics
Water on Mars
Solar activity and climate
B meson decay anomaly
Sunspot cycles
Molecular electronics
3-D microelectronics
Arrow of time
Superconductivity
Nanotechnology
Gamma-ray astronomy
Star formation in the Milky Way's central molecular zone
Cygnus X-1
Protoplanetary disks
Earthquakes
Paleoclimatology
Nanoplasmonic laser

Life sciences

Heat shock response, protein folding, and aging
Induced pluripotent stem cells
Mammalian X chromosome silencing
Identifying gene copy number variations
Leptin
Avian sex gene
Adipogenesis
Enzyme database
Human genome mutation rate
Rapid evolution
Early human symbolic behavior
Primate genome evolution
Ghrelin and circadian rhythm
Cloning
Measurement of gene copy number

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Face perception
Neuronal translational control proteins
Eye motion and visual perception
Antidepressants
Depression
Gene expression and synaptic connectivity
Memory formation and recall
Placebo effect
Brain-imaging studies
Specific language impairment
Vocabulary learning

Health and medicine

Cancer
Sugar health guideline
Dementia
Tuberculosis
Stem cells
Cardiovascular disease
Fat distribution and metabolic complications of obesity
Multiple sclerosis
Parkinson's disease
Asthma
Drug delivery
Diabetes
Alzheimer's disease
MicroRNA and cancer
Avian flu
Inflammation and insulin resistance
Prions
Cancer biology
Celiac disease
Hepatitis C
Nanobiotechnology
Combined obesity, diabetes, cholesterol drug
Antibiotic resistance
Psoriasis
Antibiotics
RNA interference therapeutics for cancer
Gene therapy
Aging-related immune system problems
AIDS
Polyphenols



Physical sciences and technology


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - Extrasolar planets at full tilt
  2. August 26, 2009 - Why Does Exoplanet WASP-18b Exist?
  3. August 26, 2009 - New "Impossible" Planet May Be on a Death Spiral
  4. August 26, 2009 - Kamikaze Planet
  5. August 26, 2009 - Found: The planet that shouldn't exist
  6. August 26, 2009 - Newfound Planet Might Be Near Death
  7. August 26, 2008 - Suicidal planet seems on death spiral into star
  8. August 27, 2009 - Extrasolar Hot Jupiter: The Planet That 'Shouldn't Exist'
  9. August 27, 2009 - Is 'hot Jupiter' too close for comfort?
  10. August 27, 2009 - A new exoplanet to test tide theories
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - Lower-cost solar cells to be printed like newspaper, painted on rooftops - also here
  2. August 26, 2009 - Solar cells achieve new energy record
  3. August 27, 2009 - 43 percent: New solar power world record
Background


Quantum gravity

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - Rewriting general relativity? Putting a new model of quantum gravity under the microscope - also here
Background


Grid computing

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - Grid computing, the new commodity - also here
Background


Supercomputers

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - NASA expands high-end computing system for climate simulation
Background


Ocean acidification

References:
  1. August 24, 2008 - Research finds higher acidity in Alaska waters
Background, Background


Robotics

References:
  1. August 25, 2009 - Inventor Demonstrates Humanoid Robot's Latest AI Abilities
Background, Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. August 25, 2009 - Has PAMELA Already Seen Dark Matter?
Background


Variability of stellar mass ratios

References:
  1. August 25, 2009 - Star-birth myth 'busted'
  2. August 27, 2009 - Astronomers bust star ratio myth
Background


Microfluidics

References:
  1. August 25, 2009 - LEGO toy helps researchers learn what happens on nanoscale - also here
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. August 25, 2009 - Mars Canyon Formed When Plug Was Pulled, Study Suggests
Background


Solar activity and climate

References:
  1. August 25, 2009 - Another Little Ice Age? Solar activity and climate change
  2. August 27, 2009 - Sunspots stir oceans
  3. August 27, 2009 - Study: Small fluctuations in solar activity, large influence on the climate - also here
  4. August 27, 2009 - Sun's Cycle Alters Earth's Climate
  5. August 28, 2009 - Sun causes 'La Nina-like effect' on earth
  6. August 28, 2008 - Sunspots linked to Pacific rain
  7. August 31, 2009 - How Sunlight Controls Climate
  8. September 1, 2009 - A Solar-Cycle Climate Trigger
Background


B meson decay anomaly

References:
  1. August 26, 2009 - Particle imbalance may upset the apple cart
  2. September 7, 2009 - Belle Finds a Hint of New Physics in Extremely Rare B Decays
Background


Sunspot cycles

References:
  1. August 26, 2009 - Solar Mystery Solved
Background


Molecular electronics

References:
  1. August 26, 2009 - Hankering for molecular electronics? Grab the new NIST sandwich - also here
Background, Background


3-D microelectronics

References:
  1. August 26, 2009 - Researchers grow nanowire crystals for 3-D microchips
Background, Background


Arrow of time

References:
  1. August 27, 2009 - Physicist Proposes Solution to Arrow-of-Time Paradox
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. August 27, 2009 - Scientists Detect 'Fingerprint' of High-Temp Superconductivity Above Transition Temperature - also
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. August 27, 2009 - Fusion of Nanocircuits, Bio-membranes Creates New Hybrid Technology
  2. August 28, 2009 - 'Acoustic tweezers' can efficiently and effectively move tiny objects - also here, here
  3. August 28, 2009 - Antibody Replacements Just a 'Click' Away
Background


Gamma-ray astronomy

References:
  1. August 27, 2009 - Large Area Telescope First Year Data Released
Background


Star formation in the Milky Way's central molecular zone

References:
  1. August 28, 2009 - Massive Stars Near the Galactic Center
Background, Background


Cygnus X-1

References:
  1. August 28, 2009 - Cygnus X-1: Still a 'Star' After All Those Years - also here
Background


Protoplanetary disks

References:
  1. August 28, 2009 - Warped debris disks around stars are blowin' in the wind - also here
Background, Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. August 28, 2009 - Slowly Slip-Sliding Faults Don't Cause Earthquakes - also here
Background


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. August 28, 2009 - New Temperature Reconstruction From Indo-Pacific Warm Pool
Background


Nanoplasmonic laser

References:
  1. August 30, 2009 - Plasmonic laser puts the squeeze on light
  2. August 30, 2008 - Nanolasers offer super-tight focus
  3. August 31, 2009 - World's smallest semiconductor laser heralds new era in optical science - also here, here, here
  4. August 31, 2009 - Tiny Laser Could Light the Way to New Microchip Technology
Background, Background



Life sciences


Heat shock response, protein folding, and aging

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - Misfolded proteins: The fundamental problem is aging - also here
Background, Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - Retina cells grown from skin-derived stem cells - also here
  2. August 24, 2008 - Skin cells changed into retina tissue
  3. August 28, 2009 - One step to human pluripotency
  4. August 28, 2009 - One-gene method makes safer human stem cells
Background


Mammalian X chromosome silencing

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - Aurora B answers an XIST-ential question - also here
Background


Identifying gene copy number variations

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - Scientists develop new method to detect copy number variants using DNA sequencing technologies - also here
Background, Background


Leptin

References:
  1. August 25, 2009 - Leptin leads to hamster baby boom
Background


Avian sex gene

References:
  1. August 26, 2009 - Bird sex gene found
  2. August 26, 2009 - A gene for feathered fellas
  3. August 27, 2009 - Sex determining gene found in birds
Background


Adipogenesis

References:
  1. August 26, 2009 - New genetic mechanism that controls body's fat-building process found - also here
Background, Background


Enzyme database

References:
  1. August 26, 2009 - Rutgers-Camden developing enzyme function database
Background, Background


Human genome mutation rate

References:
  1. August 27, 2009 - Human mutation rate revealed
  2. August 27, 2009 - We are all mutants: Measurement of mutation rate in humans by direct sequencing - also here
Background, Background


Rapid evolution

References:
  1. August 27, 2009 - Mice living in sandy hills quickly evolved lighter coloration - also here
  2. August 27, 2008 - Mouse set to be 'evolution icon'
Background


Early human symbolic behavior

References:
  1. August 27, 2009 - Tiny ancient shells point to earliest fashion trend - also here
Background


Primate genome evolution

References:
  1. August 28, 2009 - Human-chimp interbreeding challenged
Background


Ghrelin and circadian rhythm

References:
  1. August 28, 2009 - Scientists Discover Hunger's Timekeeper
Background, Background


Cloning

References:
  1. August 30, 2009 - Researchers improve zebrafish cloning methods
Background


Measurement of gene copy number

References:
  1. August 30, 2009 - Counting duplicated genome segments now possible - also here
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Face perception

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - What she sees in you -- facial attractiveness explained - also here
Background


Neuronal translational control proteins

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - Fly eyes help researchers 'see' new proteins involved in memory - also here
Background


Eye motion and visual perception

References:
  1. August 25, 2009 - New study suggests the brain predicts what eyes in motion will see - also here
Background


Antidepressants

References:
  1. August 25, 2009 - Antidepressants: Benefit of SNRI is proven - also here
Background


Depression

References:
  1. August 25, 2009 - Depression Causes Malfunctions in Brain's Pleasure Center - also here
  2. August 28, 2009 - Teetotallers more likely to be depressed - also here
Background


Gene expression and synaptic connectivity

References:
  1. August 26, 2009 - Getting wired: How the brain does it - also here
Background


Memory formation and recall

References:
  1. August 26, 2009 - Rats' mental 'instant replay' drives next moves - also here
Background


Placebo effect

References:
  1. August 26, 2009 - It's not all in your head: Descending neural mechanisms of placebo-induced pain control
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. August 27, 2009 - Skin-disease patients show brain immunity to faces of disgust
  2. August 27, 2009 - Brain Blocks Out Expressions of Disgust in Patients With Disfiguring Skin Condition
  3. August 28, 2009 - New research findings pave the way to more accurate interpretation of brain imaging data
  4. August 30, 2009 - Neuroscientists find brain region responsible for our sense of personal space - also here
Background


Specific language impairment

References:
  1. August 27, 2009 - Researchers report gene associated with language, speech and reading disorders - also here
Background


Vocabulary learning

References:
  1. August 28, 2009 - Familiar and newly learned words are processed by the same neural networks in the brain
Background, Background



Health and medicine


Cancer

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - 'Better' test for asbestos cancer
  2. August 24, 2009 - Virus blamed for half of penile cancers
  3. August 24, 2009 - Teens, young adults with leukemia living longer - also here
  4. August 24, 2009 - FDA narrows drug label usage
  5. August 24, 2009 - New technique can help diagnose mesothelioma - also here
  6. August 24, 2009 - Young leukemia and lymphoma patients live longer today than in years past - also here
  7. August 24, 2009 - Study finds promise in combined transplant/vaccine therapy for high-risk leukemia - also here
  8. August 24, 2009 - New prognostic marker for human breast cancer - also here
  9. August 24, 2009 - Early, aggressive treatment recommended for critically ill patients with hematological malignancy - also here
  10. August 24, 2009 - Surgeon Training Found Effective In Breast Cancer Sentinel Lymph Node Trial
  11. August 25, 2009 - Could smoking pot cut risk of head, neck cancer?
  12. August 25, 2009 - Unlocking the body's defenses against cancer - also here
  13. August 25, 2009 - Reinterpretation of proximal colon polyps called hyperplastic in 2001 - also here
  14. August 25, 2009 - Melanosome dynamics and sensitivity of melanoma cells to chemotherapy - also here
  15. August 25, 2009 - Long-term tamoxifen use increases risk of an aggressive, hard to treat type of second breast cancer - also here
  16. August 25, 2009 - Blood-flow metabolism mismatch predicts pancreatic tumor aggressiveness - also here
  17. August 25, 2008 - Tamoxifen link to second tumours
  18. August 25, 2008 - Ovarian cancer 'is being missed'
  19. August 26, 2009 - Researchers investigate ultrasound use to treat cancer
  20. August 26, 2009 - Gene assay to help to predict lung cancer treatment resistance - also here
  21. August 26, 2009 - New molecular markers for tumor aggressiveness in biliary tract cancer - also here
  22. August 26, 2009 - PPAR-g agonists have potential therapeutic role in gastric carcinoma?
  23. August 26, 2009 - D2 lymphadenectomy improves the long-term survival for patients with node-negative gastric cancer - also here
  24. August 26, 2009 - Small peptide found to stop lung cancer tumor growth in mice - also here
  25. August 26, 2009 - More than half of women with ovarian cancer face delay in diagnosis
  26. August 26, 2009 - New test offers better diagnosis of asbestos cancer
  27. August 26, 2009 - Golden Nanotubes Used for Imaging Agent to Detect Tumor Cells, Map Sentinel Lymph Node
  28. August 27, 2009 - Prostate cancer diagnosed earlier, race gap narrows
  29. August 27, 2009 - Prostate cancer: Racial disparity gap narrows, men diagnosed at younger age
  30. August 28, 2009 - Tick saliva could hold cancer cure: Brazilian scientists
  31. August 29, 2008 - Elderly skin 'raises cancer risk'
  32. August 30, 2009 - Gold nanotech breath test may show lung cancer early
  33. August 30, 2009 - Breathalyzer test detects lung cancer: study
  34. August 30, 2009 - Breath-testing for cancer using gold
  35. August 30, 2008 - 'Cancer hope' from WWII-era drug
  36. August 31, 2009 - A Breathalyzer for Cancer
  37. August 31, 2009 - Nanoparticle test may detect lung cancer
  38. September 1, 2009 - Breathalyser test detects lung cancer
Background


Sugar health guideline

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - Heart group draws hard line on sugar intake
  2. August 25, 2008 - Americans urged to cut way back on sugar
Background, Background, Background


Dementia

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - High blood pressure linked to early memory problems
  2. August 24, 2009 - High blood pressure linked to memory problems in middle age - also here
  3. August 25, 2008 - Keyboard style could give early warning of dementia
  4. August 25, 2009 - Study links high blood pressure to memory trouble
  5. September 3, 2009 - High blood pressure linked to memory woes
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - Smokers seen twice as likely to develop active TB
  2. August 24, 2009 - Smoking increases risk of developing active TB - also here
  3. August 28, 2009 - Urine LAM-ELISA poor at diagnosing TB - also here
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - Improvement of liver stem cell engraftment by protein delivery
  2. August 24, 2008 - Cancer hope over stem cell drug
  3. August 24, 2008 - Stem cell spinal injury trial put on hold
  4. August 27, 2009 - Spinal injury drug developed cysts in animals: Geron - also here
  5. August 27, 2009 - Cysts stall stem cell trial?
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - Low-carb diets linked to atherosclerosis and impaired blood vessel growth - also here
  2. August 24, 2009 - Why 'thick' blood protects from a heart attack - also here
  3. August 24, 2009 - Mild glucose intolerance in pregnancy may be associated with cardiovascular risk - also here
  4. August 24, 2009 - New Technique Prevents Major Cause For Heart-related Stroke
  5. August 24, 2008 - Low-carb diets 'damage arteries'
  6. August 24, 2008 - Researchers Design Patches of Cells to Repair Damaged Hearts
  7. August 25, 2009 - Researchers identify gene variant linked to effectiveness of plavix - also here
  8. August 25, 2009 - Women slightly more likely to die than men in the 30 days following a heart attack
  9. August 25, 2009 - Genetic variation associated with poorer response, cardiovascular outcomes with use of clopidogrel
  10. August 26, 2009 - New troponin tests pinpoint heart attacks faster
  11. August 26, 2009 - Risk Of Death Following Acute Coronary Syndromes Different For Men, Women
  12. August 26, 2008 - New blood tests find heart attacks quicker, better
  13. August 27, 2009 - Hopelessness raises stroke risks for women: study
  14. August 27, 2009 - Beta-blockers and stroke -- new insights into their use for older people - also here
  15. August 27, 2009 - Simple test may identify stroke survivors at risk of another cardiovascular event
  16. August 27, 2009 - Hopelessness linked to thickening of neck arteries, stroke in healthy women
  17. August 27, 2009 - Regular electrocardiograms may help physicians identify patients at risk of sudden cardiac death - also here
  18. August 28, 2009 - Studies tipping toward surgery to prevent strokes
  19. August 28, 2009 - Abnormal Heartbeats Caused By Changes In Ion Channel Density
  20. August 28, 2009 - Feelings Of Hopelessness Linked To Stroke Risk In Healthy Women
  21. August 30, 2009 - Boehringer stroke drug proves a winner in trial
  22. August 30, 2009 - Newer Anti-Clotting Medication Found to Be More Effective
  23. August 30, 2008 - Exercise beats angioplasty for some heart patients
  24. August 30, 2008 - New AstraZeneca drug reduces heart patients' risks
  25. August 30, 2008 - Study shows experimental drug cuts stroke risk
Background


Fat distribution and metabolic complications of obesity

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - Fat in the liver -- not the belly -- is a better marker for disease risk - also here
Background, Background, Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - Important development in the treatment of multiple sclerosis reported
  2. August 24, 2008 - Hopes raised for MS treatment
  3. August 26, 2009 - National search for proteins that cause MS
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. August 24, 2009 - When cells run out of fuel - also here
  2. August 28, 2009 - Scientists discover nerve growth factor with therapeutic potential in Parkinson's disease
Background


Asthma

References:
  1. August 24, 2008 - Apple-shaped women's asthma risk
  2. August 28, 2009 - Novel genetic region identified for childhood asthma in Mexicans
Background


Drug delivery

References:
  1. August 25, 2009 - Scientists discover potential new drug delivery system
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. August 25, 2009 - Researchers evaluate resistance training for diabetes prevention
  2. August 27, 2009 - The anti-diabetic effects of sodium tungstate revealed - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. August 25, 2009 - More obesity blues: Obese people are at greater risk for developing Alzheimer's - also here
  2. August 25, 2008 - Obese People Have 'Severe Brain Degeneration'
Background


MicroRNA and cancer

References:
  1. August 25, 2009 - MicroRNA in human saliva may help diagnose oral cancer - also here
  2. August 27, 2009 - Predicting cancer prognosis - also here
Background, Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. August 25, 2009 - New Study Finds Wild Pikas Are Natural Mammalian Hosts To H5N1 Avian Influenza Virus
  2. August 26, 2009 - Bird flu leaves the nest -- adapting to a new host - also here
Background


Inflammation and insulin resistance

References:
  1. August 26, 2009 - Study finds molecular link between insulin resistance and inflammation - also here
Background, Background


Prions

References:
  1. August 26, 2009 - Gene mutation alone causes transmissible prion disease - also here
  2. August 28, 2008 - Rogue proteins spread prion diseases all by themselves
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. August 26, 2009 - 'Hedgehog' pathway may hold key to anti-cancer therapy - also here
  2. August 27, 2009 - Researchers Identify New, Cancer-Causing Role for Protein - also here
  3. August 27, 2009 - Checkpoint protein provides armor against cancer drugs - also here
Background


Celiac disease

References:
  1. August 26, 2009 - Antimicrobial antibodies in celiac disease: Trick or treat? - also here
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. August 26, 2009 - Is endotoxin receptor CD14 rs2569190/C-159T gene correlated with chronic hepatitis C?
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. August 26, 2009 - Biological Mechanism For Delivering Nanoparticles Into Tissue: Potential Drug Delivery System
  2. August 27, 2009 - Researchers pinpoint neural nanoblockers in carbon nanotubes - also here
Background


Combined obesity, diabetes, cholesterol drug

References:
  1. August 27, 2009 - New fat-fighting drug has anti-diabetes action too
  2. August 27, 2009 - 'Fatostatin' is a turnoff for fat genes
Background, Background, Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. August 27, 2009 - New genes give gut bacteria antibiotic resistance
  2. August 27, 2009 - Gut harbors antibiotic resistance
Background


Psoriasis

References:
  1. August 27, 2009 - Gene variation is 'major genetic determinant of psoriasis' - also here
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. August 27, 2009 - The path to new antibiotics: Researchers find vulnerable enzyme in pathogens - also here
  2. August 28, 2008 - Scientists may have new tool in bacteria fight
Background


RNA interference therapeutics for cancer

References:
  1. August 27, 2009 - Scientists improve delivery of cancer-fighting molecules - also here
Background, Background, Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. August 28, 2009 - Scientists construct 'off switch' for Parkinson therapy
Background


Aging-related immune system problems

References:
  1. August 28, 2009 - Immune defect is key to skin aging - also here
Background, Background


AIDS

References:
  1. August 28, 2009 - HIV subtype linked to increased likelihood for dementia
Background


Polyphenols

References:
  1. August 28, 2009 - Fruit Is Even Better For You Than Previously Thought
Background


Copyright © 2009 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved