Open Questions Chronicle

[OQC Home] [Open Questions] [Site Map] [Previous] [Next]

Volume 8, Number 32
August 10, 2009

Physical sciences and technology

Superconductivity
Microfluidics
Biomolecular computing
Quantum optics
Large Hadron Collider
Parity violation
Early galaxies
Global warming
Photovoltaics
GEMS polarized x-ray mission
Prebiotic chemistry on Titan
Terrestrial water from comets
Clouds from cosmic rays
Methane on Mars
Quantum computing
Plate tectonics
Supercomputers
Enceladus
Extrasolar planets
Nanotechnology
Ice ages
Macroscopic quantum effects
Solar Dynamics Observatory
Ocean acidification
Arctic Ocean current
Earthquakes
Graphene
Dark energy
Naked singularities

Life sciences

Agricultural biotechnology
Synthetic biology
Algebraic methods in mathematical biology
Intracellular activation of hormone receptors
Immune response to viral RNA
Glucose regulation
Systems biology and blood stem cells
Speciation
Hypoxic stress and mTOR signaling
Evolution of RNA-synthesizing enzymes
Cell respiration, mitochondria, and aging
Gross chromosomal rearrangement
Evolution of infectious disease susceptibility
T cell exhaustion
Cell size regulation
Protein folding
Induced pluripotent stem cells
Molecular chaperones and disease
Model of genetic code origins

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Neurogenesis
Brain-imaging studies
Oxytocin
Psychopathy
Neural basis of language
Autism
Schizophrenia
Corvid use of tools
Neural transposons
Leptin, dopamine, and appetite
Working memory
Neural vesicles
Genetics of addictive behavior
Opioid receptors and high-fat, high-sugar diet
Intelligence
Canine intelligence

Health and medicine

Cancer stem cells
Cancer biology
Regeneration of teeth
Malaria
Cardiovascular disease
Alzheimer's disease
Cancer
AIDS
Nanobiotechnology
Health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids
Antibiotics
Autophagy and resistance to bacterial infection
Tuberculosis
Cardioprotective effect of SIRT3
Diabetes
Hepatitis C
Prions
Stem cells
Rheumatoid arthritis
Aptamer therapeutics
Parkinson's disease
Bioinformatics
Dementia



Physical sciences and technology


Superconductivity

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Magnetic Measurements Question Assumptions About High-Tc Superconductors
Background


Microfluidics

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - New microchip technology performs 1,000 chemical reactions at once - also here
  2. August 3, 2009 - 'Artificial Golgi' May Provide New Insight Into Key Cell Structure
Background


Biomolecular computing

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - DNA computation gets logical - also here
  2. August 5, 2009 - DNA computer 'answers questions'
Background


Quantum optics

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Miniaturized Lasers Can Emit Quantum Light
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Giant Particle Collider Struggles
  2. August 4, 2009 - Atom-smasher relaunch delayed to November: official - also here, here
  3. August 6, 2009 - "Big Bang" collider to restart with less energy
  4. August 6, 2009 - LHC Will Begin Running at Half Energy
  5. August 6, 2009 - LHC to run at 3.5 TeV for early part of 2009-2010 run rising later - also here
  6. August 7, 2009 - LHC hopes for collisions by late December
  7. August 7, 2009 - LHC to relaunch at partial power in November
  8. August 7, 2009 - Large Hadron Collider to restart at half its designed energy
  9. August 7, 2009 - Large Hadron Collider to restart in November
  10. August 8, 2009 - Particle collider: Black hole or crucial machine?
  11. August 10, 2009 - The LHC will collide protons at half energy this fall to start collecting data instead of waiting to complete all repairs
Background


Parity violation

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Parity violation in ytterbium is largest ever seen
Background


Early galaxies

References:
  1. August 4, 2009 - Astronomers Find Hyperactive Galaxies in the Early Universe - also here, here
  2. August 5, 2009 - Speeding Stars Confirm Bizarre Nature of Faraway Galaxies
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. August 4, 2009 - Drowned tundra emits more carbon
  2. August 7, 2009 - 'Benchmark glaciers' shrinking at faster rate, study finds
  3. August 7, 2009 - Glacier melt accelerating, federal report concludes
  4. August 9, 2009 - Earth's Most Prominent Rainfall Feature Creeping Northward
  5. August 9, 2009 - Vast expanses of Arctic ice melt in summer heat
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. August 4, 2009 - Plastics that convert light to electricity could have a big impact - also here
  2. August 5, 2009 - Bringing solar power to the masses - also here
Background


GEMS polarized x-ray mission

References:
  1. August 4, 2009 - GEMS mission to explore the polarized universe - also here, here
Background, Background


Prebiotic chemistry on Titan

References:
  1. August 5, 2009 - Titan may host prebiotic brew
  2. August 6, 2009 - Titan: A World Much Like Earth
  3. August 6, 2009 - Surface features on Titan form like Earth's, but with a frigid twist - also here
Background


Terrestrial water from comets

References:
  1. August 5, 2009 - Comet Swarm Delivered Earth's Oceans?
Background


Clouds from cosmic rays

References:
  1. August 5, 2009 - Do Clouds Come From Outer Space?
Background


Methane on Mars

References:
  1. August 5, 2009 - Latest Case for Martian Life May Just Be Hot Air
  2. August 5, 2009 - Martian methane mystery deepens
  3. August 5, 2009 - Destruction of Martian methane may be bad news for life
  4. August 6, 2009 - Hopes Dim for Mars Life
  5. August 10, 2009 - Mars, methane and mysteries - also here
  6. August 13, 2009 - Martian life appears less likely
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. August 5, 2009 - Researchers find quantum errors do compute
  2. August 6, 2009 - Minifridge makes quantum computers last
  3. August 6, 2009 - Quantum computers still work with half their bits missing
  4. August 6, 2009 - Sustained quantum information processing demonstrated - also here
  5. August 6, 2009 - Small-Scale Quantum Processor Gets Its Act Together
  6. August 11, 2009 - Tiny device is first complete 'quantum computer'
Background


Plate tectonics

References:
  1. August 5, 2009 - How Water Helps Tectonic Plates Slide in New Zealand - also here
Background


Supercomputers

References:
  1. August 5, 2009 - UC San Diego launches Triton Resource Supercomputer
Background


Enceladus

References:
  1. August 5, 2009 - Saturnian Moon Shows Evidence Of Ammonia
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - Telescope can find "oodles" of Earths: NASA
  2. August 6, 2009 - Kepler Shows Exoplanet Is Unlike Anything in Our Solar System
  3. August 6, 2009 - Kepler Detects Atmosphere of Hot World
  4. August 6, 2009 - Earth-Like Planet-Hunting Telescope Passes Key Test
  5. August 6, 2009 - Kepler spacecraft sees its first exoplanets
  6. August 6, 2009 - 'Stunning' images of distant planet sent by Kepler scope - also here
  7. August 6, 2009 - Planet-Hunting Spacecraft Shows Its Stuff by Detecting a Known Exoplanet
  8. August 7, 2009 - Kepler Shows Its Promise
  9. August 7, 2009 - Super-Earth has rocky surface: study
  10. August 7, 2009 - New Planet-finder Shows Its Power: Kepler Orbiting Telescope Should Soon Find Alien Earths
  11. August 7, 2009 - Nasa telescope passes planet test
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - Self-Assembling DNA Makes Super 3-D Nano Machines
  2. August 6, 2009 - Nanoscale origami from DNA - also here
  3. August 6, 2009 - Physicists to study attractive and repulsive forces crucial in designing nano-machines
  4. August 6, 2009 - DNA twists and bends on demand
  5. August 7, 2009 - Researchers Record First Real-Time Direct Observations of Nanocrystal Growth in Solution - also here
Background


Ice ages

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - Long debate ended over cause, demise of ice ages -- may also help predict future - also here
  2. August 14, 2009 - Wobbling earth triggers climate change
Background


Macroscopic quantum effects

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - Effects of 'strong coupling' observed for the first time between light and a micromechanical object
Background


Solar Dynamics Observatory

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - The Incredible Data Stream of SDO
Background


Ocean acidification

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - Researchers reveal ocean acidification at Station ALOHA - also here
Background, Background


Arctic Ocean current

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - Arctic Ocean may be polluted soup by 2070
Background, Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - Water 'key' to New Zealand's earthquakes
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. August 7, 2009 - New form of carbon created
Background


Dark energy

References:
  1. August 7, 2009 - Dark Energy From the Ground Up: Make Way for BigBOSS - also here
Background


Naked singularities

References:
  1. August 8, 2009 - Fast-spinning black holes might reveal all
Background



Life sciences


Agricultural biotechnology

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - GM crop lures pest killers
Background


Synthetic biology

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Synthetic Biology: Opportunities And Risks
Background


Algebraic methods in mathematical biology

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Algebra Adds Value To Mathematical Biology Education
Background


Intracellular activation of hormone receptors

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Receptor Also Active Inside The Cell
Background


Immune response to viral RNA

References:
  1. August 4, 2009 - Link uncovered between viral RNA and human immune response - also here
Background


Glucose regulation

References:
  1. August 5, 2009 - Gut hormone has 'remote control' on blood sugar - also here
Background, Background


Systems biology and blood stem cells

References:
  1. August 5, 2009 - Researchers learn how blood cells 'talk'
Background, Background


Speciation

References:
  1. August 5, 2009 - Feather color and sex start the species revolution
Background


Hypoxic stress and mTOR signaling

References:
  1. August 5, 2009 - Unraveling how cells respond to low oxygen - also here
Background


Evolution of RNA-synthesizing enzymes

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - Early evolution maximized the 'spellchecking' of protein sequences - also here
Background


Cell respiration, mitochondria, and aging

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - Unstable proteins can cause premature ageing - also here
Background, Background


Gross chromosomal rearrangement

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - Researchers uncover potential mechanisms to protect against genetic alterations, diseases - also here
Background


Evolution of infectious disease susceptibility

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - Study links selection for pathogen-resistance with increased risk for inflammatory disease - also here
Background, Background


T cell exhaustion

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - Scientists find key to strengthening immune response to chronic infection - also here
Background


Cell size regulation

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - Researchers find key to keeping cells in shape - also here
Background


Protein folding

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - Protein folding: Diverse methods yield clues - also here
Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - Researchers make stem cells from developing sperm - also here
  2. August 9, 2009 - Immortality improves cell reprogramming
  3. August 9, 2009 - Tumor suppressor pulls double shift as reprogramming watchdog - also here
  4. August 10, 2009 - New steps forward in cell reprogramming
Background


Molecular chaperones and disease

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - Protein handlers should be effective treatment target for cancer and Alzheimer's
  2. August 8, 2009 - Heat Shock Proteins Provide Protection Against Cataracts
Background, Background, Background


Model of genetic code origins

References:
  1. August 7, 2009 - Model suggests how life's code emerged from primordial soup - also here
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Neurogenesis

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Adult mouse gut makes new neurons
  2. August 4, 2009 - Adult gut can generate new neurons - also here
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Why anorexic patients cling to their eating disorder - also here
Background


Oxytocin

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Goody-Goody Hormone Now Linked to Envy, Gloating
  2. August 6, 2009 - 'Cuddle chemical' may create green-eyed monster
Background


Psychopathy

References:
  1. August 4, 2009 - Brain difference in psychopaths identified - also here
  2. August 7, 2009 - Psychopaths have faulty brain connections, scientists find
  3. August 10, 2009 - Psychopaths have 'potholed' brains: study
Background


Neural basis of language

References:
  1. August 4, 2009 - Looking at language - also here
Background


Autism

References:
  1. August 4, 2009 - Autism 'hits body language skill'
  2. August 5, 2009 - Autism study finds visual processing 'hinders ability' to read body language - also here
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. August 5, 2009 - Nicotine improves brain function in schizophrenics
Background


Corvid use of tools

References:
  1. August 5, 2009 - Crows can use 'up to three tools' - also here
  2. August 5, 2009 - Crows use multitools, but do they plan ahead?
  3. August 5, 2009 - Zoologist shows crows can think
  4. August 6, 2009 - Birds reveal a capacity for manipulating sticks and stones to acquire food in experimental tasks
  5. August 6, 2009 - Clever Crows Prove Aesop's Fable Is More Than Fiction
  6. August 6, 2009 - The Rook and the Test Tube: Fable Made Fact
  7. August 6, 2009 - Aesop's fable 'the crow and the pitcher' more fact than fiction - also here
  8. August 6, 2009 - Clever rooks repeat ancient fable
  9. August 6, 2009 - Bird experiment shows Aesop's fable may be true
Background


Neural transposons

References:
  1. August 5, 2009 - 'Jumping genes' create diversity in human brain cells - also here
Background, Background


Leptin, dopamine, and appetite

References:
  1. August 5, 2009 - Fat hormone influences baseline dopamine levels and our motivation to eat - also here
Background


Working memory

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - Reaction to undesired distraction may signal a person's low working-memory capacity - also here
Background


Neural vesicles

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - Live recordings of cell communication
Background


Genetics of addictive behavior

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - Distinctive gene expression in brains of relapsing heroin-addicted rats - also here
Background


Opioid receptors and high-fat, high-sugar diet

References:
  1. August 6, 2009 - High-fat, High-sugar Foods Alter Brain Receptors
Background, Background


Intelligence

References:
  1. August 7, 2009 - Ability to process information as a baby continues into adulthood - also here
Background


Canine intelligence

References:
  1. August 8, 2009 - Renowned canine researcher puts dogs' intelligence on par with two-year-old human - also here
  2. August 8, 2009 - Dogs as Smart as 2-year-old Kids
  3. August 10, 2009 - Dogs and 2-Year-Olds on Same Mental Plane
Background



Health and medicine


Cancer stem cells

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - "Don't eat me" sign helps bladder tumors escape
  2. August 3, 2009 - Scientists discover bladder cancer stem cell - also here
  3. August 3, 2009 - Gene signature for cancer stem cells may provide drug targets - also here
  4. August 6, 2009 - Scientists find common trigger in cancer and normal stem cell reproduction - also here
  5. August 6, 2009 - Scientists find cells responsible for bladder cancer's spread - also here
Background, Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Scientists discover novel tumor suppressor - also here
  2. August 4, 2009 - The way you eat may affect your risk for breast cancer - also here
  3. August 4, 2009 - Silenced genes as a warning sign of blood cancer - also here
  4. August 5, 2009 - Protein complex key in avoiding DNA repair mistakes, cancer - also here
  5. August 5, 2009 - Decoding leukemia patient genome leads scientists to mutations in other patients - also here
  6. August 6, 2009 - Colon cancer may yield to cellular sugar starvation - also here
  7. August 6, 2009 - Tumor mutations can predict chemo success - also here
  8. August 7, 2009 - Cancer cells are protected by our own immune system - also here
  9. August 7, 2009 - Cancer gene complexity revealed
  10. August 9, 2009 - Scientists uncover function of potential cancer-causing gene product - also here
Background


Regeneration of teeth

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Experts grow new teeth in adult mice
  2. August 3, 2009 - Mouse Tooth Grown From Stem Cells in Mouth
  3. August 3, 2009 - Researchers Grow New Teeth in Mice
  4. August 4, 2009 - Researchers grow new teeth in adult mice
  5. August 4, 2009 - Replacement teeth grown in mice
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Malaria may have come from chimps: study
  2. August 3, 2009 - Most Infectious Malaria Strain Came From Chimps?
  3. August 3, 2009 - Scientists report original source of malaria - also here
  4. August 3, 2009 - Daily temperature shifts may alter malaria patterns - also
  5. August 3, 2009 - Malaria Jumped to Humans From Chimpanzees
  6. August 3, 2009 - Effective Vaccine For Malaria Possible, Study Shows
  7. August 3, 2009 - 'Proof' malaria began in chimps
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Too much TV time bad for kids' blood pressure
  2. August 3, 2009 - TV, computer screen time linked to high blood pressure in young children - also here
  3. August 3, 2009 - Twin study examines associations between depression and coronary artery disease - also here
  4. August 3, 2009 - Obesity is a poor gauge for detecting high cholesterol levels in children
  5. August 3, 2009 - Heart disease patients with previous blockages more likely to die - also here
  6. August 3, 2009 - New Method For Detecting Nitroxyl Will Boost Cardiac Drug Research
  7. August 5, 2009 - New research links social stress to harmful fat deposits, heart disease - also here
  8. August 5, 2009 - Researchers found a way to treat ischemic pathologies - also here
  9. August 6, 2009 - Men with angina 'at greater risk'
  10. August 7, 2009 - Men with angina at twice the risk of heart attack and death compared with women
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Exercising the mind could hold off dementia
  2. August 3, 2009 - 'Brain exercises' may delay memory decline in dementia - also here
  3. August 4, 2009 - Dementia link to 'mid-life ills'
  4. August 4, 2009 - High cholesterol in midlife raises risk of late-life dementia, study finds - also here
  5. August 5, 2009 - Keep cholesterol in check to ward off dementia
  6. August 6, 2009 - Study finds no link between cognitive decline, socioeconomic status in elderly - also here
  7. August 7, 2009 - Scientists discover new Alzheimer's gene - also here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Drug cuts diabetics' pancreatic cancer risk: study
  2. August 3, 2009 - Experts find new targets to stop breast cancer
  3. August 3, 2009 - Researchers identify new method to selectively kill metastatic melanoma cells - also here
  4. August 3, 2009 - Heavy drinkers face significantly increased cancer risk - also here
  5. August 3, 2009 - Viral mimic induces melanoma cells to digest themselves - also here
  6. August 3, 2009 - Study shows seed implants a suitable prostate cancer treatment option for men of all ages - also here
  7. August 3, 2009 - New tool may help with early detection of deadly pancreatic cancer - also here
  8. August 3, 2009 - Switch to digital mammography leads to increased cancer detection rates - also here
  9. August 3, 2009 - PET can help guide treatment decisions for a common pediatric cancer - also here
  10. August 3, 2009 - The Protein CCKR2: A Potential Drug Target For Colorectal Cancer?
  11. August 3, 2009 - Ovarian Cancer Tests 'Woefully Ineffective' According To Researchers
  12. August 3, 2009 - Roche's Avastin gets U.S. nod for kidney cancer
  13. August 4, 2009 - Blood test may diagnose lung cancer, company says - also here, here
  14. August 4, 2009 - Promising candidate protein for cancer prevention vaccines found - also here
  15. August 5, 2009 - Gene shut-down may offer early warning of chronic leukemia - also here
  16. August 5, 2009 - Sensitizing tumor response to cancer therapy - also here
  17. August 5, 2009 - Finding key to cancer drug Gleevec's limitations - also here
  18. August 5, 2009 - Considering combination versus sequential chemotherapy in metastatic breast cancer - also here
  19. August 5, 2009 - Digital mammography plus digital breast tomosynthesis may decrease patient recall rates - also here
  20. August 5, 2009 - Grapefruit juice found to give cancer treatment a boost
  21. August 6, 2009 - New cancer drug delivery system is effective and reversible - also here
  22. August 7, 2009 - Debate surrounds new prostate-cancer treatment
  23. August 7, 2009 - Advances in lung cancer research announced at conference
  24. August 8, 2009 - Cost-effectiveness of cetuximab in metastatic colorectal cancer - also here
  25. August 8, 2009 - Antibody Linked To Chemotherapy Drug Inhibits Ovarian Cancer In Lab
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - HIV integrase inhibitor effective for patients beginning antiretroviral treatment - also here
  2. August 5, 2009 - New technique gives big picture of AIDS gene map - also here
  3. August 5, 2009 - Mapping HIV Genome's Shape, Not Just Sequence
  4. August 5, 2009 - Researchers decode structure of an entire HIV genome - also here
  5. August 6, 2009 - Structure of HIV genome 'decoded'
  6. August 7, 2009 - Researchers propose ambitious new strategies for AIDS vaccine research - also here
  7. August 7, 2009 - Why Even Treated Genital Herpes Sores Boost The Risk Of HIV Infection
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Researchers effectively treat tumors with use of nanotubes - also here
  2. August 3, 2009 - Nanoparticles cross blood-brain barrier to enable 'brain tumor painting' - also here
Background


Health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Study reveals mounting evidence of fish oil's heart health benefits - also here
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - 'Non-trivial' Crystallization Reveals Antibiotic's Molecular Mode of Action - also here
  2. August 5, 2009 - Pinhead-size worms + robot = new antibiotics - also here
Background


Autophagy and resistance to bacterial infection

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Cannibalistic cells may help prevent infections - also here
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Tuberculosis drugs under development expected to have major impact on the disease - also here
  2. August 6, 2009 - Diabetes ups TB risk in children and adolescents
  3. August 7, 2009 - Mini-magnet test makes things sticky for TB
Background


Cardioprotective effect of SIRT3

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - The Protein SIRT3 Protects The Heart
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Previously Unseen Effects Of Protein Buildup In Diabetic Baboons' Pancreases Found
  2. August 4, 2009 - IgM in urine acts as prognostic indicator in diabetes - also here
  3. August 5, 2009 - MRI may help physicians diagnose, stage and treat diabetes - also here
  4. August 6, 2009 - Noninsulin-producing alpha cells in the pancreas can be converted to insulin-producing beta cells
  5. August 6, 2009 - More insulin-producing cells, at the flip of a 'switch' - also here
  6. August 7, 2009 - Scientists closer to diabetes cure
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - Hepatitis C Infection: Treatment Options Equally Effective, Likelihood Of Success Known Early On
  2. August 6, 2009 - First human gets new antibody aimed at hepatitis C virus - also here
  3. August 7, 2009 - The hepatitis healing power of blueberry leaves
  4. August 7, 2009 - Current hepatitis C treatments work equally well, researchers report - also here
Background


Prions

References:
  1. August 3, 2009 - People Who Eat Deer And Elk With Chronic Wasting Disease May Avoid Infection Because Of Species Barrier, Study in Monkeys Suggests
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. August 4, 2009 - Stem cell hierarchy offers potential for isolating, growing cells
  2. August 6, 2009 - What makes stem cells tick? - also here
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. August 4, 2009 - Depression and Inflammation Linked to Pain in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients - also here
Background


Aptamer therapeutics

References:
  1. August 5, 2009 - New DNA and RNA aptamers offer unique therapeutic advantages - also here
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. August 5, 2009 - Rural Well Water Linked to Parkinson's Disease
Background


Bioinformatics

References:
  1. August 7, 2009 - Researchers develop innovative method to detect genetic causes of complex diseases - also here
Background


Dementia

References:
  1. August 9, 2009 - Face shape clue to mental decline
Background


Copyright © 2009 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved