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Volume 8, Number 29
July 20, 2009

Physical sciences and technology

Nanoscale optomechanics
Paleoclimatology
Graphene
Superconductivity
Nanotechnology
Grid computing
Global warming
Quantum teleportation
Black holes
Gamma-ray galaxies
Next-generation semiconductor electronics
Nonlocality in the optics of rotating systems
Lab-on-a-chip
Hydrogen technology
Macroscopic quantum measurements
Solar cycle and climate
Climate modeling
Ocean circulation change
Dark matter
Metamaterials
String theory and superconductivity

Life sciences

Pandemic influenza viruses
DNA damage response, inflammation, cancer, and aging
Novel E. coli genes
Evolution of the nuclear pore complex
Physical chemistry of DNA
Caspases and apoptosis
Atg4D, autophagy, mitochondria, and apoptosis
Bacterial solitons
Speciation
Residual immunological sensitivity due to early stress
Large intervening non-coding RNA
Bioinformatics
Calorie restriction, immune response, and longevity
Apoptosis
Pathogen recognition
Staphylococcus aureus and the immune system
Epigenic control of skull morphogenesis
Spontaneous speciation
DNA polymerase V
DNA repair in archaea
Genetic differences between body cell types
Copy-number variations
Extracellular factors in hematopoiesis
Biofilms
Origins of life
Selenocysteine
BCL6, CD4 T cells, and antibody production
Stromatolites
DNA repair by homologous recombination
Neanderthals
Mammalian Y chromosome evolution
Batf, Th17 cells, and autoimmune disease
DNA replication and transcription
Protein acetylation switches

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Brain-imaging studies
Actin and long-term potentiation
3D brain atlas
Active genes in embryonic brain development
Brain plasticity
Autism
Anticipation and experience of pleasure
Development of social cognition
Dopaminergic neurons and reward information craving
Glial-guided neuronal migration
Fibroblast growth factor and brain development
False memory
Depression
Schizophrenia
Motor skill memory
Cognitive skills and cortical modules
Stress response modulation genes

Health and medicine

Cancer
Alzheimer's disease
Cognitive benefits of alcohol
Flavonoids and metabolic syndrome
Nerve cell regeneration
AIDS
Parkinson's disease
Cardiovascular disease
Obesity
Drug discovery
Multiple sclerosis
Mechanism of influenza lung damage
Antibiotics
Adipose tissue dysfunction
Cancer biology
Nanobiotechnology
Hepatitis B
Weight gain and cognitive impairment
Fructose and memory impairment
Estrogen, p53, and stroke damage
Inflammatory bowel disease
Hepatitis C
Dementia and fish consumption



Physical sciences and technology


Nanoscale optomechanics

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Scientists Discover Light Force with 'Push' Power - also here
Background, Background


Paleoclimatology

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Mystery mechanism drove global warming 55 million years ago
  2. July 14, 2009 - Ancient Climate-Change Event Puzzles Scientists
  3. July 14, 2009 - Ancient runaway warming still a mystery
  4. July 14, 2009 - Global warming: Our best guess is likely wrong - also here
  5. July 15, 2009 - Past warming shows gaps in climate knowledge: study
  6. July 16, 2009 - 'Motion picture' of past warming paves way for snapshots of future climate change - also here
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - New wonder material, one-atom thick, has scientists abuzz
  2. July 17, 2009 - Graphene -- the copy beats the original
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Superconductivity: Which one of these is not like the other? - also here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Scientists advance facile synthesis of nanoparticles with multiple functions - also here
  2. July 17, 2009 - Controlling the electronic surface properties of a material - also here
  3. July 19, 2009 - Single Molecules As Electric Conductors
Background


Grid computing

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Software to unlock the power of grids - also here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Trapping Carbon Dioxide Or Switching To Nuclear Power Not Enough To Solve Global Warming Problem, Experts Say
Background


Quantum teleportation

References:
  1. July 14, 2009 - Physicists Propose Scheme for Teleporting Light Beams
Background, Background


Black holes

References:
  1. July 14, 2009 - Turbulence responsible for black holes' balancing act - also here
Background


Gamma-ray galaxies

References:
  1. July 14, 2009 - Fermi telescope finds gamma-ray galaxy surprises - also here
Background


Next-generation semiconductor electronics

References:
  1. July 14, 2009 - IMEC shows optimizations for next-generation transistors
Background


Nonlocality in the optics of rotating systems

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - Researcher Investigates the Basis of Einstein's First Approximation in the Theory of Relativity - also here
Background


Lab-on-a-chip

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - Optical chip detects blood molecules - also here
Background


Hydrogen technology

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - Reversible Generation Of High Capacity Hydrogen Storage Material Demonstrated
  2. July 17, 2009 - Hydrogen Technology Steams Ahead
Background


Macroscopic quantum measurements

References:
  1. July 16, 2009 - Quantum goes massive - also here
Background


Solar cycle and climate

References:
  1. July 16, 2009 - Solar cycle linked to global climate - also here
Background


Climate modeling

References:
  1. July 16, 2009 - New Model Aims to Predict Quick Climate Changes
Background


Ocean circulation change

References:
  1. July 16, 2009 - Research indicates ocean current shutdown may be gradual - also here
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. July 16, 2009 - Could Fermi detect dark matter within a year?
Background


Metamaterials

References:
  1. July 16, 2009 - 'Cloak of Illusion' to disguise objects
Background


String theory and superconductivity

References:
  1. July 19, 2009 - String theory hints at explanation for superconductivity
Background, Background



Life sciences


Pandemic influenza viruses

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Experts unearth history of pandemic flu viruses
  2. July 13, 2009 - Pandemic flu viruses brew for years before going global
  3. July 13, 2009 - Don't Blame Birds for 1918 Flu
  4. July 13, 2009 - New flu resembles feared 1918 virus: study
  5. July 13, 2009 - Swine flu shares some features with 1918 pandemic
  6. July 13, 2009 - Study suggests H1N1 virus more dangerous than suspected - also here
  7. July 13, 2009 - Flu strains circulate for years before becoming a pandemic
  8. July 13, 2009 - Study: 1918 flu survivors seem immune to swine flu
Background, Background


DNA damage response, inflammation, cancer, and aging

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - DNA-damaged cells communicate with neighbors to let them know they're in trouble - also here
Background, Background, Background


Novel E. coli genes

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Mystery E. coli genes essential for survival of many species - also here
Background


Evolution of the nuclear pore complex

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Research suggests core nuclear pore elements shared by all eukaryotes - also here
Background, Background


Physical chemistry of DNA

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Researchers unravel mystery of DNA conformation
Background


Caspases and apoptosis

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Fluorescent probes may permit monitoring of chemotherapy effectiveness - also here
Background


Atg4D, autophagy, mitochondria, and apoptosis

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Controlling the fate of cells
Background


Bacterial solitons

References:
  1. July 14, 2009 - By manipulating oxygen, scientists coax bacteria into a wave - also here
Background


Speciation

References:
  1. July 14, 2009 - Study catches two bird populations as they split into separate species - also here
  2. July 17, 2009 - A global model for the origin of species independent of geographical isolation - also here
Background


Residual immunological sensitivity due to early stress

References:
  1. July 14, 2009 - Early-life experience linked to chronic diseases later in life
Background


Large intervening non-coding RNA

References:
  1. July 14, 2009 - LincRNAs serve as genetic air-traffic controllers - also here
Background, Background


Bioinformatics

References:
  1. July 14, 2009 - Reviews of microbial gene language published in special issue of Trends in Microbiology
Background, Background


Calorie restriction, immune response, and longevity

References:
  1. July 14, 2009 - Study of flies raises doubts about fasting leading to longer lives - also here
Background, Background


Apoptosis

References:
  1. July 14, 2009 - Scientists provide important insight into apoptosis or programmed cell death
Background


Pathogen recognition

References:
  1. July 14, 2009 - Flexible neck in cell-receptor DC-SIGN targets more pathogens
Background


Staphylococcus aureus and the immune system

References:
  1. July 14, 2009 - Researchers map how staph infections alter immune system - also here
Background, Background


Epigenic control of skull morphogenesis

References:
  1. July 14, 2009 - HDAC8 In The Epigenetic Control Of Skull Morhpgenesis
Background, Background


Spontaneous speciation

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - Spontaneous speciation?
Background


DNA polymerase V

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - 'Sloppier copier' surprisingly efficient - also here
Background


DNA repair in archaea

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - Surprising new insights into the repair strategies of DNA - also here
Background, Background


Genetic differences between body cell types

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - Study reveals major genetic differences between blood and tissue cells - also here
Background


Copy-number variations

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - New map of genomic variations will enable disease research - also here
Background, Background


Extracellular factors in hematopoiesis

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - Environmental factors instruct lineage choice of blood progenitor cells - also here
Background


Biofilms

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - United we stand; divided we fall
Background


Origins of life

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - Lightning may have fed early life
Background


Selenocysteine

References:
  1. July 16, 2009 - Secrets of a Life-Giving Amino Acid Revealed - also here
Background


BCL6, CD4 T cells, and antibody production

References:
  1. July 16, 2009 - Genetic trigger for disease-fighting antibodies discovered - also here
Background


Stromatolites

References:
  1. July 16, 2009 - Scientists say that microbial mats built 3.4-billion-year-old stromatolites - also here
Background


DNA repair by homologous recombination

References:
  1. July 16, 2009 - New information about DNA repair mechanism could lead to better cancer drugs - also here
Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. July 17, 2009 - Neanderthal census reveals diversity
  2. July 17, 2009 - Why Neanderthals were always an endangered species
Background


Mammalian Y chromosome evolution

References:
  1. July 17, 2009 - Male sex chromosome losing genes by rapid evolution, study reveals - also here
Background


Batf, Th17 cells, and autoimmune disease

References:
  1. July 17, 2009 - Gene regulates immune cells' ability to harm the body - also here
Background, Background


DNA replication and transcription

References:
  1. July 17, 2009 - Professor sheds light on DNA mechanisms - also here
Background


Protein acetylation switches

References:
  1. July 17, 2009 - Scientists locate disease switches - also here
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Neuroimaging suggests that truthfulness requires no act of will for honest people - also here
  2. July 13, 2009 - 'Honest Joes' and cheaters unmasked in brain scans
  3. July 15, 2009 - How brain training makes multitasking easier
  4. July 15, 2009 - Brain emotion circuit sparks as teen girls size up peers - also here
  5. July 15, 2009 - Childhood adversity may affect processing in the brain's reward pathways - also here
  6. July 15, 2009 - Who am I? Adolescents' replies depend on others - also here
  7. July 16, 2009 - Multitasking ability can be improved through training
  8. July 17, 2009 - In Adolescence, Girls React Differently Than Boys To Peers' Judgments
  9. July 23, 2009 - Researchers find differences in how adolescent girls' and boys' brains react to peer interaction
Background


Actin and long-term potentiation

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Building memories with actin - also here
Background


3D brain atlas

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Elsevier Launches Official Version Of BrainNavigator
Background


Active genes in embryonic brain development

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Active genes discovered in the developing mammal brain - also here
Background


Brain plasticity

References:
  1. July 14, 2009 - Adult brain can change within seconds - also here
  2. July 14, 2009 - Blindspot shows brain rewiring in an instant
  3. July 15, 2009 - The Brain Adapts in a Blink to Compensate for Missing Information
Background


Autism

References:
  1. July 14, 2009 - Autism alters how kids sense motion
  2. July 15, 2009 - New genetic study of Asperger syndrome, autistic traits and empathy - also here
  3. July 17, 2009 - Prompts Help Asperger's Patients Overcome Common Problem
Background


Anticipation and experience of pleasure

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - Experts probe brain's pleasure and desire
Background


Development of social cognition

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - Parts of brain involved in social cognition may be in place by age 6 - also here
  2. July 15, 2009 - Study sheds light on social brain development
  3. July 18, 2009 - Social Reasoning And Brain Development Are Linked In Preschoolers
Background, Background


Dopaminergic neurons and reward information craving

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - Brain response to information about the future suggests that ignorance isn't bliss - also here
Background


Glial-guided neuronal migration

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - Scientists discover a new mechanism controlling neuronal migration - also here
Background


Fibroblast growth factor and brain development

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - Timing is everything: Growth factor keeps brain development on track - also here
Background


False memory

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - Brain wiring creates false memories
Background


Depression

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - Targacept's depression drug meets mid-stage trial goals
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. July 16, 2009 - Artistic tendencies linked to 'schizophrenia gene'
Background


Motor skill memory

References:
  1. July 17, 2009 - Scientists discover why we never forget how to ride a bicycle
Background


Cognitive skills and cortical modules

References:
  1. July 17, 2009 - The fancier the cortex, the smarter the brain? - also here
Background, Background


Stress response modulation genes

References:
  1. July 17, 2009 - Set Of Genes Contributes To Stress; Possible Drug-Taking Behavior Discovered
Background



Health and medicine


Cancer

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Racial gap in colon cancer diagnosis, treatment
  2. July 13, 2009 - Screening not only reason thyroid cancer is rising
  3. July 13, 2009 - Heavy drinking may boost prostate cancer risk
  4. July 13, 2009 - Preventing Prostate Cancer to Bone Metastasis
  5. July 13, 2009 - Researchers identify individuals at risk for developing colon cancer - also here
  6. July 13, 2009 - Asian spice could reduce breast cancer risk in women exposed to hormone replacement therapy - also here
  7. July 13, 2009 - New lung cancer staging system revealed - also here
  8. July 13, 2009 - Research identifies successful new treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma, reduces long-term risks
  9. July 13, 2009 - Studies Shed Light On Racial Disparities In Cancer Survival
  10. July 13, 2009 - Roche's Tarceva extends lung cancer survival
  11. July 14, 2009 - Roche drug blocks common cancer pathway in mice
  12. July 14, 2009 - Hormone replacement therapy tied to ovarian cancer
  13. July 14, 2009 - Danish study looks at link between HRT, cancer
  14. July 14, 2009 - Researchers find childhood cancer risk rises with mother's age - also here
  15. July 14, 2009 - Heavy, Daily Drinking Increases Risk Of High-Grade Prostate Cancer; Makes Preventive Drug Ineffective
  16. July 14, 2009 - Study: Hormone therapy increases risk of ovarian cancer
  17. July 14, 2009 - Study: 7 key genes predict brain cancer survival
  18. July 15, 2009 - Pill camera not as effective as colonoscopy
  19. July 15, 2009 - Swallowed capsule falls short for colon cancer test - also here
  20. July 15, 2009 - Study identifies first molecular steps to childhood leukemia - also here
  21. July 15, 2009 - DACH1 a key protein for tumor suppression in ER+ breast cancer - also here
  22. July 15, 2009 - Circulating blood cells are important predictors of cancer spread in children - also here
  23. July 15, 2009 - ASTRO Issues Consensus Statement On Using APBI To Treat Breast Cancer
  24. July 15, 2009 - Hormone Therapy Use Associated With Increased Risk Of Ovarian Cancer
  25. July 16, 2009 - Is grilling dangerous to your health?
  26. July 16, 2009 - Thalidomide does not improve survival in small cell lung cancer - also here
  27. July 16, 2009 - Researchers investigate high-risk populations for bladder-cancer screenings - also here
  28. July 16, 2009 - Cost-effective strategy to screen second primary colorectal cancers in cancer survivors
  29. July 16, 2009 - Enhancement of pancreatic cancer on dynamic CT: Does it correlate with angiogenesis and fibrosis?
  30. July 16, 2009 - Thalidomide lung cancer 'failure'
  31. July 17, 2009 - Successful New Treatment For Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Reduces Long-term Risks
  32. July 19, 2009 - Case For Preventive Prostate Cancer Treatment Bolstered
  33. July 19, 2009 - Stealthy Gene Network Makes Brain Tumors Flourish
  34. July 19, 2009 - Increase In Thyroid Cancer Not Explained By Screening Alone
  35. July 21, 2009 - Network Of Altered Genes Appear To Play Role In Development Of Brain Tumors
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Moderate drinking may stave off dementia
  2. July 13, 2009 - Bayer says Alzheimer test shown to work in study
  3. July 13, 2009 - White matter changes may predict dementia risk - also here
  4. July 13, 2009 - How immune cells may help predict Alzheimer's risk? - also here
  5. July 13, 2009 - New cases of Alzheimer's and dementia continue to rise, even in the 'oldest old' - also here
  6. July 13, 2009 - PTSD associated with higher Alzheimer's/dementia risk; moderate alcohol consumption may lower it
  7. July 13, 2009 - Number Of Patients With Dementia On The Rise
  8. July 13, 2009 - A few drinks 'cuts dementia risk'
  9. July 14, 2009 - New tests may help spot early-stage Alzheimer's
  10. July 14, 2009 - Drug rescues memory lost to Alzheimer's disease - also here
  11. July 14, 2009 - Researchers find early markers of Alzheimer's disease
  12. July 14, 2009 - A 'heart healthy' diet and ongoing, moderate physical activity may protect against cognitive decline - also here
  13. July 14, 2009 - Brain imaging and proteins in spinal fluid may improve Alzheimer's prediction and diagnosis - also here
  14. July 14, 2009 - New study continues to refine most effective methods to predict Alzheimer's disease - also here
  15. July 15, 2009 - Alzheimer's gene speeds memory declines before 60
  16. July 15, 2009 - Promising Alzheimer's drug boosts toxic protein
  17. July 15, 2009 - Vitamin D, curcumin may help clear amyloid plaques found in Alzheimer's disease - also here
  18. July 15, 2009 - German nuns prove perfect sample for scientific study
  19. July 15, 2009 - Phase 3 Alzheimer's drug increases toxic beta amyloid in the brain -- but still provides benefits - also here
  20. July 15, 2009 - Memory Test And PET Scans Detect Early Signs Of Alzheimer's
  21. July 16, 2009 - Could Alzheimer's drug be on horizon?
  22. July 16, 2009 - Barrow researchers identify new brain receptor, possible target for Alzheimer's treatment - also here
Background


Cognitive benefits of alcohol

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Regular moderate alcohol intake has cognitive benefits in older adults - also here
Background


Flavonoids and metabolic syndrome

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Study finds citrus-derived flavonoid prevents obesity - also here
Background, Background, Background


Nerve cell regeneration

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - The dormant potential of damaged nerve cells
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Study may explain why HIV progresses faster in women than in men with same viral load - also here
  2. July 14, 2009 - Women 'naturally weaker' to HIV
  3. July 16, 2009 - Gilead, J&J to develop once-daily HIV pill
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - New study aims at early diagnosis for ADHD and Parkinson's disease
  2. July 13, 2009 - Pesticide levels in blood linked to Parkinson's disease - also here
  3. July 13, 2009 - Higher education level, greater disability associated with treatment timing in Parkinson's disease - also here
  4. July 14, 2009 - Researchers Suggest New Approach in Development Efforts for Parkinson's Therapeutics
  5. July 17, 2009 - Novel Drug Discovery Tool Could Identify Promising New Therapies For Parkinson's Disease
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - 'Broken heart syndrome' no longer a myth
  2. July 13, 2009 - Novel gene found for dilated cardiomyopathy - also here
  3. July 13, 2009 - Why African-Americans are at greater risk of hypertension and kidney disease - also here
  4. July 14, 2009 - Lower IQ 'a heart disease risk'
  5. July 15, 2009 - IQ explains some of the difference in heart disease between people of high and low socio-economic status - also here
  6. July 17, 2009 - Researchers uncover genetic variants linked to blood pressure in African-Americans - also here
  7. July 17, 2009 - Biomarker Of Breathing Control Abnormality Associated With Hypertension And Stroke
  8. July 21, 2009 - IQ may help explain disparities in heart disease
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Childhood obesity link to parents - also here
Background


Drug discovery

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - New method may accelerate drug discovery for difficult diseases like Parkinson's
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Smoking associated with more rapid progression of multiple sclerosis - also here
  2. July 14, 2009 - Smoking may speed progress of multiple sclerosis
Background


Mechanism of influenza lung damage

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - Swine flu 'hits airways harder'
  2. July 17, 2009 - Scientists discover how flu damages lung tissue - also here
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. July 13, 2009 - New Algorithm Speeds the Hunt for Nature-Derived Antibiotics and Cancer Drugs
  2. July 14, 2009 - Researchers discover new target for tailored antibiotics - also here
Background


Adipose tissue dysfunction

References:
  1. July 14, 2009 - Researchers identify how stressed fat tissue malfunctions - also here
Background, Background, Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. July 14, 2009 - Context Is Key: Differential PI3K Signaling And Consequences For Targeted Therapy
  2. July 16, 2009 - Gliomas exploit immune cells of the brain for rapid expansion - also here
  3. July 16, 2009 - Targeting MMPs to halt advanced metastatic breast cancer expansion - also here
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - Trojan horse for ovarian cancer -- nanoparticles turn immune system soldiers against tumor cells - also here
  2. July 17, 2009 - New Method To Encapsulate Substances In Nanospheres
Background


Hepatitis B

References:
  1. July 15, 2009 - Focusing HIV treatment helps control concurrent hepatitis B infection - also here
Background


Weight gain and cognitive impairment

References:
  1. July 16, 2009 - Weight gain during menopause tied to brain changes
Background, Background


Fructose and memory impairment

References:
  1. July 16, 2009 - Researchers find that eating high levels of fructose impairs memory in rats - also here
Background


Estrogen, p53, and stroke damage

References:
  1. July 16, 2009 - Estrogen can reduce stroke damage by inactivating protein - also here
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. July 16, 2009 - Serum bile acid profiling for inflammatory bowel disease characterization
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. July 16, 2009 - A potential targeting gene therapy for developing HCV
Background


Dementia and fish consumption

References:
  1. July 17, 2009 - Large epidemiologic study supports brain power of fish in older people - also here
Background


Copyright © 2009 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved