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Volume 8, Number 23
June 8, 2009

Physical sciences and technology

Supernovae
Nanotechnology
Carbon nanotubes
Water on Mars
Artificial intelligence
Global warming
Extrasolar planets
Quasars
Memristors
Photovoltaics
Quantum communication
Time travel paradoxes and quantum mechanics
Quantum entanglement
Disruptive effects of early supernovae
Quantum computing
Graphene
Young stars in the Arches Cluster
Black holes
Quantum photonics
Planck telescope
Large Hadron Collider
Quantum cryptography
Robotics

Life sciences

Protein folding
Genomics
MicroRNA and natural killer T cells
Induced pluripotent stem cells
Bacterial incorporation of phage DNA
Rapid evolution
DNA sequencing
Fat metabolism using the glyoxylate shunt
Extra-pair parentage
Adipocyte development
Artificial transcription factors
Death receptors
Hydrogen peroxide and the immune system
Metformin and the immune system
Collective cell migration
RNA polymerase
C. elegans somatic cell longevity
Nuclear pore complexes
Yeast defense against reactive oxygen species

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Autism
Oligophrenin-1 and synapse maturation
Perceptual stability
Progesterone and social bonding
Leptin and POMC neurons
Early stages of neurogenesis
Brain-imaging studies
Schizophrenia

Health and medicine

Cancer
Cancer biology
Cancer stem cells
Parkinson's disease
Anticholinergic drugs and cognitive impairment
Antibiotics
Cardiovascular disease
Rheumatoid arthritis
Obesity
Diabetes
Influenza and bacterial infection
Avian flu
Inflammatory bowel disease
Influenza antivirals
Tuberculosis
Vaccines
Malaria
Alzheimer's disease
Autoimmune disease
Nanobiotechnology
RNAi drug delivery
AIDS
Stem cells
Antioxidants
Hepatitis C
Ghrelin



Physical sciences and technology


Supernovae

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Why You Missed the Supernova in M82
  2. June 1, 2009 - Stellar Explosion Displays Massive Carbon Footprint - also here
  3. June 5, 2009 - A new class of dim supernovae - also here
  4. June 9, 2009 - Astronomers propose new supernova interpretation
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Atom Pinhole Camera Acts as a Shrinking Copy Machine
  2. June 4, 2009 - New, light-driven nanomotor is simpler, more promising, scientists say - also here
  3. June 4, 2009 - Nanoscale zipper cavity responds to single photons of light - also here
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Biomimetic-engineering design can replace spaghetti tangle of nanotubes in novel material - also here
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - 'Cold' Mars Could Have Harbored Liquid Water - also here
Background


Artificial intelligence

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Teaching computers to recognise objects - also here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Positive Feedback Hint Between Tropical Cyclones And Global Warming
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Astronomers Seek New Home Closer to Home
Background


Quasars

References:
  1. June 2, 2009 - A Now-You-See-It, Now-You-Don't Quasar
Background


Memristors

References:
  1. June 2, 2009 - Flexible memristor: Memory with a twist - also here
Background


Photovoltaics

References:
  1. June 2, 2009 - Transparent solar cells
Background


Quantum communication

References:
  1. June 2, 2009 - Ultra cold atoms help share quantum information
  2. June 4, 2009 - Scientists Demonstrate All-fiber Quantum Logic
Background


Time travel paradoxes and quantum mechanics

References:
  1. June 2, 2009 - Time Travel Beats Quantum Mechanics
Background, Background


Quantum entanglement

References:
  1. June 3, 2009 - The motion of two ion pairs is linked through "spooky action at a distance"
  2. June 3, 2009 - Vibrating ions get entangled
  3. June 3, 2009 - Physicists demonstrate quantum entanglement in mechanical system - also here
  4. June 3, 2009 - Bridging the gap to quantum world
  5. June 4, 2009 - Entangled mechanical oscillators
  6. June 5, 2009 - Physicists Put the Quantum Into Mechanics
Background


Disruptive effects of early supernovae

References:
  1. June 3, 2009 - First supernovae blew early galaxies apart
  2. July 1, 2009 - Intense heat killed the Universe's would-be galaxies, researchers say - also here
  3. July 13, 2009 - Dark Matter Helped Early Galaxies Survive "Massacre"
Background, Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. June 3, 2009 - Physicists Propose New Ultracold Scheme for Scalable Quantum Information Processing
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. June 4, 2009 - Graphene may have advantages over copper for IC interconnects at the nanoscale - also here
Background


Young stars in the Arches Cluster

References:
  1. June 4, 2009 - Stellar family in crowded, violent neighborhood proves to be surprisingly normal - also here
  2. June 4, 2009 - Crowd of Stars Surprisingly Normal
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. June 5, 2009 - Black-Hole Missing Link Found?
Background


Quantum photonics

References:
  1. June 5, 2009 - Manipulating light on a chip for quantum technologies - also here
Background


Planck telescope

References:
  1. June 5, 2009 - Planck satellite manoeuvre aims at L2 arrival - also here
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. June 5, 2009 - Large Hadron Collider to run through the year in Higgs boson race
Background


Quantum cryptography

References:
  1. June 5, 2009 - Supersecret Codes Made of Light Closer to Reality?
Background


Robotics

References:
  1. June 5, 2009 - Predictive powers: a robot that reads your intention? - also here
Background



Life sciences


Protein folding

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Faster protein folding achieved through nanosecond pressure jump - also here
Background


Genomics

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Closing the gaps in the human genome - also here
Background


MicroRNA and natural killer T cells

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - New study may hold promise for future disease therapies - also here
Background, Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. June 2, 2009 - Chinese researchers find way to make pig stem cells
  2. June 2, 2009 - World first: Chinese scientists create pig stem cells - also here
  3. June 2, 2009 - First pig stem cells could make 'humanised' organs
  4. June 3, 2009 - Pigs offer new stem cell source
  5. June 22, 2009 - Engineered Pig Stem Cells Bridge The Mouse-human Gap
Background


Bacterial incorporation of phage DNA

References:
  1. June 2, 2009 - Researchers examine 'invading' bacteria in DNA - also here
Background


Rapid evolution

References:
  1. June 2, 2009 - When evolution is not so slow and gradual - also here
  2. June 11, 2009 - Evolution can occur in less than 10 years - also here
Background


DNA sequencing

References:
  1. June 2, 2009 - Aluminum-oxide nanopore beats other materials for DNA analysis - also here
Background


Fat metabolism using the glyoxylate shunt

References:
  1. June 2, 2009 - Researchers engineer metabolic pathway in mice to prevent diet-induced obesity - also here
Background


Extra-pair parentage

References:
  1. June 3, 2009 - Biologists consider unifying framework to explain evolutionary puzzles
Background


Adipocyte development

References:
  1. June 3, 2009 - Researchers discover pathway with implications for obesity - also here
Background


Artificial transcription factors

References:
  1. June 3, 2009 - Small molecules mimic natural gene regulators - also here
  2. June 4, 2009 - Toward new drugs that turn genes on and off
Background


Death receptors

References:
  1. June 3, 2009 - 'Death Receptors' Designed To Kill Our Cells May Make Them Stronger
Background


Hydrogen peroxide and the immune system

References:
  1. June 3, 2009 - Hydrogen peroxide marshals immune system - also here
  2. June 6, 2009 - Natural bleach 'key to healing'
Background


Metformin and the immune system

References:
  1. June 3, 2009 - Common diabetes drug may 'revolutionize' cancer therapies - also here
  2. June 3, 2009 - 'Cancer hope' from diabetes drug
Background, Background


Collective cell migration

References:
  1. June 4, 2009 - How growing cells move together
Background


RNA polymerase

References:
  1. June 5, 2009 - Researchers Reveal Structure of Key Genetic Proofreading Protein
Background


C. elegans somatic cell longevity

References:
  1. June 7, 2009 - Recruitment of reproductive features into other cell types may underlie extended lifespan in animals - also here
  2. June 8, 2009 - The Secret to Roundworm Longevity: Sex Cells
Background


Nuclear pore complexes

References:
  1. June 7, 2009 - Research identifies 3-D structure of key nuclear pore building block - also here
Background


Yeast defense against reactive oxygen species

References:
  1. June 7, 2009 - Yeast genes inspire anti-ageing drugs
Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Autism

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Antidepressant does not stop repetitive behaviors in autistic children
  2. June 2, 2009 - Study finds antidepressant doesn't help autistic children
  3. June 8, 2009 - Common Autism Medication Is Ineffective For Repetitive Behaviors, Study Finds
Background


Oligophrenin-1 and synapse maturation

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Protein linked to mental retardation controls synapse maturation, plasticity - also here
Background


Perceptual stability

References:
  1. June 2, 2009 - Discoveries shed new light on how the brain processes what the eye sees - also here
Background


Progesterone and social bonding

References:
  1. June 2, 2009 - Why dishing does you good: study - also here
Background, Background


Leptin and POMC neurons

References:
  1. June 2, 2009 - How to get obese mice moving -- and cure their diabetes - also here
  2. June 3, 2009 - Leptin's Role In Brain Neurocircuitry Clarified
Background, Background, Background


Early stages of neurogenesis

References:
  1. June 2, 2009 - Genetic Profiling Reveals Genes Active In The Earliest Brain Circuit Construction
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. June 3, 2009 - People who wear rose-colored glasses see more, study shows - also here
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. June 4, 2009 - Skin Cells Provide New Knowledge About Brain Functions
Background



Health and medicine


Cancer

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Cervical cancer 'surgery boost'
  2. June 1, 2009 - Cervical cancer vaccine benefits older women: study
  3. June 1, 2009 - Deep sedation helps doctors find more polyps: study
  4. June 1, 2009 - Sanofi has winning cancer drug, but short patent
  5. June 1, 2009 - Targeted drug shows promise against melanoma: study
  6. June 1, 2009 - Glaxo drug delays kidney cancer progression
  7. June 1, 2009 - Researchers find breast cancer gene that's blocked by blood pressure drug - also here
  8. June 1, 2009 - Vaccine shows therapeutic promise against advanced melanoma - also here
  9. June 1, 2009 - Wet ear wax and unpleasant body odors signal breast cancer risk - also here
  10. June 1, 2009 - New therapies to treat breast, lymph cancer: studies
  11. June 1, 2009 - Herceptin extends life of patients with terminal stomach cancer, study finds
  12. June 1, 2009 - 1 in 8 with lung cancer show asbestos exposure, study finds
  13. June 1, 2009 - New pathology tests double sensitivity to detect bile duct and pancreatic cancers - also here
  14. June 1, 2009 - Vandetanib shows clinical benefit when combined with docetaxel for lung cancer - also here
  15. June 1, 2009 - AstraZeneca, Merck collaborate on cancer treatment
  16. June 2, 2009 - Heart drug may block breast cancer gene
  17. June 2, 2009 - Stool test shows promise in detecting many cancers
  18. June 2, 2009 - Skin lesion leads to more cancer types than once believed - also here
  19. June 2, 2009 - Alcohol and smoking are key causes for bowel cancer - also here
  20. June 2, 2009 - Radiofrequency ablation can reverse Barrett's esophagus, reduce cancer risk
  21. June 2, 2009 - Improved DNA stool test could detect digestive cancers in multiple organs - also here
  22. June 2, 2009 - External beam partial breast irradiation most cost-effective treatment - also here
  23. June 2, 2009 - Researcher developing computer program to detect, measure brain tumors
  24. June 2, 2009 - I-SPY trial offers key insights into locally advanced breast cancer
  25. June 2, 2009 - Enhancing The Effects Of Platinum-based Anti-cancer Drugs
  26. June 2, 2009 - Drug hope for advanced melanoma
  27. June 3, 2009 - Belly fat tied to liver cancer recurrence
  28. June 3, 2009 - Exercise after age 30 may curb breast cancer risk
  29. June 3, 2009 - Anti-psychotic drug could fight cancer
  30. June 3, 2009 - Diet may reduce risk of prostate cancer - also here
  31. June 3, 2009 - Effective over-the-counter prostate cancer test kit likely in next few years
  32. June 3, 2009 - Cancer Researchers Identify New Mutant Genes
  33. June 3, 2009 - Oxygen + MRI might help determine cancer therapy success, researchers find
  34. June 3, 2009 - Brain irradiation in lung cancer - also here
  35. June 3, 2009 - FDA approves cancer treatment for dogs
  36. June 4, 2009 - Researchers identify critical marker of response to gemcitabine in pancreatic cancer - also here
  37. June 4, 2009 - Advance in bowel cancer test research - also here
  38. June 5, 2009 - Novartis' Tasigna works in new leukaemia patients
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Scientists identify molecular powerbrokers involved in cancer's spread - also here
  2. June 1, 2009 - Stem cell protein offers a new cancer target - also here
  3. June 1, 2009 - Exploiting cancer cell 'addiction' may lead to new therapies - also here
  4. June 1, 2009 - Cancer researchers first to link intestinal inflammation with systemic chromosome damage - also here
  5. June 1, 2009 - Researchers identify gene that regulates tumors in neuroblastoma - also here
  6. June 1, 2009 - Lower levels of key protein influence tumor growth in mice, study shows - also here
  7. June 3, 2009 - Scientists uncover mode of action of enzyme linked with several types of cancer - also here
  8. June 4, 2009 - Study gives clues to how adrenal cancer forms - also here
  9. June 7, 2009 - Link unraveled between chromosomal instability and centrosome defects in cancer cells - also here
Background


Cancer stem cells

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Most common brain cancer may originate in neural stem cells - also here
  2. June 1, 2009 - 'Misreading' of histone code linked to human cancer - also here
  3. June 2, 2009 - Targeting breast cancer stem cells in mice
  4. June 7, 2009 - A lethal cancer knocked down by one-two drug punch - also here
  5. June 8, 2009 - Pathway Linked To Breast Cancer Stem Cells
Background, Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Depression may indicate early Parkinson's disease
  2. June 4, 2009 - Association found between Parkinson's disease and pesticide exposure in French farm workers - also here
Background


Anticholinergic drugs and cognitive impairment

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Commonly used medications may produce cognitive impairment in older adults - also here
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Newly discovered reactions from an old drug may lead to new antibiotics - also here
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Suffer stroke symptoms? Second strokes often follow within hours - also here
  2. June 1, 2009 - Overweight male teens with normal blood pressures showing signs of heart damage - also here
  3. June 1, 2009 - New device detects heart disease using less than one drop of blood - also here
  4. June 1, 2009 - Tomato pill 'beats heart disease'
  5. June 4, 2009 - Importance of preventing congestion in heart failure - also here
  6. June 4, 2009 - Recognizing Signs And Symptoms Of Acute Heart Failure
  7. June 4, 2009 - Obesity And Diabetes Double Risk Of Heart Failure: Patients With Both Conditions 'Very Difficult' To Treat
  8. June 4, 2009 - Abbott, AstraZeneca seek cholesterol pill approval
  9. June 5, 2009 - Merck heart failure drug misses goals in study
  10. June 5, 2009 - Merck's heart failure drug misses trial goals
  11. June 7, 2009 - Stents no better than heart drugs in diabetics
  12. June 7, 2009 - Death Rates Same For Diabetes And Heart Disease Patients Receiving Drug Therapy Or Surgery
  13. June 7, 2009 - Meds as good as surgery for diabetics with heart disease
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Genes and smoking play role in rheumatoid arthritis - also here
  2. June 2, 2009 - Surgery in patients with RA is often 'too little, too late'
  3. June 7, 2009 - Gum disease care 'aids arthritis'
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Waist size and body mass index are risk factors for sleep disordered breathing in children
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. June 1, 2009 - Study: Diabetics in Asia Are Younger, Thinner
  2. June 4, 2009 - Pre-conception diabetes control important
  3. June 5, 2009 - Group recommends easier test to diagnose diabetes
  4. June 5, 2009 - Major study clears Glaxo's Avandia of heart risk
  5. June 6, 2009 - Bristol, Astra's Onglyza controls diabetes: trial
  6. June 6, 2009 - Dapagliflozin controls glucose in mid-stage trial
  7. June 6, 2009 - Exenatide pump controls glucose in short trial
  8. June 6, 2009 - Merck's Januvia effective in combination studies - also here
  9. June 6, 2009 - Once-weekly Amylin drug tops Januvia, Actos: study - also here
  10. June 7, 2009 - Novo diabetes drug tops older medicine at two years - also here
  11. June 7, 2008 - Glaxo's GLP-1 diabetes drug beats Byetta in test
Background


Influenza and bacterial infection

References:
  1. June 2, 2009 - Flu causes immune system paradox
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. June 2, 2009 - Study: Indirect transmission can trigger influenza outbreaks in birds - also here
  2. June 3, 2009 - Bird flu viruses need warm nose to set up shop
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. June 2, 2009 - Enzyme involved in inflammatory bowel disease discovered - also here
Background


Influenza antivirals

References:
  1. June 2, 2009 - Researchers Look for Ways to Deliver a One-Two Punch to Flu Viruses
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. June 3, 2009 - Experimental drug works in resistant tuberculosis
Background


Vaccines

References:
  1. June 3, 2009 - Metformin may help make vaccines work better: study - also here
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. June 3, 2009 - Malaria vaccine enters phase III clinical trials
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. June 3, 2009 - Weekly curry 'may fight dementia'
  2. June 7, 2009 - Tangled proteins may spread Alzheimer's through brain
  3. June 7, 2009 - Rogue protein 'spreads in brain'
  4. June 7, 2009 - Mice injected with Alzheimer's cast new light on dementia
Background


Autoimmune disease

References:
  1. June 4, 2009 - A new lead for autoimmune disease - also here
  2. June 4, 2009 - Autoinflammatory disease model reveals role for innate, not adaptive, immunity - also here
  3. June 7, 2009 - New Genetic Immune Disorder In Children Discovered
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. June 4, 2009 - Researchers test nanoparticle to treat cardiovascular disease in mice - also here
Background


RNAi drug delivery

References:
  1. June 4, 2009 - One step closer to turning off cancer genes with gene-silencing
Background, Background


AIDS

References:
  1. June 4, 2009 - 'Shock and kill' research gives new hope for HIV-1 eradication - also here
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. June 4, 2009 - Scientists discover new way to enhance stem cells to stimulate muscle regeneration - also here
  2. June 4, 2009 - Sleuths follow lung stem cells for generations to shed light on healing - also here
  3. June 5, 2009 - Stem Cells Cultured On Contact Lens Restore Sight In Patients With Blinding Corneal Disease - also here, here
Background


Antioxidants

References:
  1. June 4, 2009 - Postwar Food Vetch Is An Important Source Of Antioxidant Activity
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. June 5, 2009 - NEJM study points to new era in hepatitis C treatment - also here
Background


Ghrelin

References:
  1. June 6, 2009 - Fatty foods fire up hunger hormone - also here
Background


Copyright © 2009 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved