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Volume 8, Number 15
April 13, 2009

Physical sciences and technology

Global warming
Nanotechnology
Grid computing
Black holes
Carbon nanotubes
Astrochemistry
Bose-Einstein condensates
Earthquakes
Quantum few-body physics
Atmospheric oxygenation
Entangled light in Bose-Einstein condensates
Quantum computing
Ultra-luminous infrared galaxies
Organic solar cells
James Webb Space Telescope
Kepler telescope
Hydrogen storage
Graphene
Metamaterials
Solar activity levels
Optical lattices
Exobiology
Supercomputers
Nanolithography
Recently-formed massive galaxies
Ocean storage of CO2
Fullerenes
Dark energy

Life sciences

Evolution of cooperation
Extremophiles
Proteomics
Dendritic cells
Memory T cells
Mitochondria and cellular respiration
Synonymous mutations and gene expression levels
Heterochromatin
MicroRNA and X chromosomes
Adenylylation and cell signaling
Ribosomal DNA variation in yeast
Amino acids
Strategies of cellular response to stimuli
Cellular response to DNA damage
Induced pluripotent stem cells via microRNA

Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior

Receptive fields in primate vision
Schizophrenia
Brain plasticity
Brain-imaging studies
Longevity and personality
Visual attention
Brain development and asymmetric cell division
Reinforcement of remote memories
Brain mapping
Oxytocin

Health and medicine

Hepatitis B
Cancer
Cancer biology
Cardiovascular disease
Dementia
Stem cells
Estrogen and fat storage
Regenerative medicine
Alzheimer's disease
Vitamin D deficiency and inflammation
RNA interference therapy
Diabetes
Obesity
Parkinson's disease
Weight loss
Cancer stem cells
AIDS
Negative effects of high-fat diet
Gene therapy
Autoimmune diseases
Obesity and inflammation
Brown fat
Avian flu
Malaria
NF-κB and inflammatory disease
Antibiotics
Natural Killer cells and cancer
MicroRNA and hearing loss



Physical sciences and technology


Global warming

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Arctic ice more vulnerable than ever
  2. April 6, 2009 - Arctic Ice Got Smaller, Thinner, Younger This Winter
  3. April 6, 2009 - New Arctic satellite data shows Arctic literally on thin ice - also here
  4. April 6, 2009 - Arctic sea ice fights losing winter battle (again)
  5. April 6, 2009 - Arctic sea ice thinnest ever going into spring
  6. April 7, 2009 - Arctic ice shows winter thinning
  7. April 7, 2009 - EU: Earth warming faster
  8. April 8, 2009 - Satellite data shows Arctic on thinner ice
  9. April 8, 2009 - Aerosols May Drive a Significant Portion of Arctic Warming - also here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - A tiny litmus test for cells
  2. April 8, 2009 - Scientists control complex nucleation processes using DNA origami seeds - also here
  3. April 9, 2009 - New Laser Technique Advances Nanofabrication Process - also here
Background


Grid computing

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Supercomputing gets its own superhero - also here
  2. April 6, 2009 - Most powerful computer of its kind in western N.Y. available worldwide
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Black Holes Caught in Tug-of-War
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. April 7, 2009 - Carbon Nanotubes Toughen a Common Plastic
  2. April 9, 2009 - Carbon nanotube polymer nanocomposites for field emission cathodes - also here
  3. April 10, 2009 - Transparent Carbon Nanotube Films Likely Successor to ITO for Commercial Applications
Background


Astrochemistry

References:
  1. April 7, 2009 - Cool Stars Have Different Mix of Life-Forming Chemicals - also here
Background


Bose-Einstein condensates

References:
  1. April 7, 2009 - Atomic quartets spotted in ultracold gas
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. April 7, 2009 - Italian mountain spine a quake hotspot
  2. April 9, 2009 - Deadly Pacific quake keeps surprising scientists
  3. April 10, 2009 - Pisco, Peru -- Study uncovers tectonic events behind earthquake
Background


Quantum few-body physics

References:
  1. April 7, 2009 - From three to four: a quantum leap in few-body physics - also here
Background


Atmospheric oxygenation

References:
  1. April 8, 2009 - A new idea on what set the stage for the rise of oxygen in Earth's early atmosphere
  2. April 8, 2009 - Nickel "Famine" Led to Oxygen-Breathing Life?
  3. April 8, 2009 - Did a nickel famine trigger the 'Great Oxidation Event'? - also here
  4. April 9, 2009 - Nickel crash kick-started evolution
  5. April 9, 2009 - Did Nickel kick-start evolution?
Background


Entangled light in Bose-Einstein condensates

References:
  1. April 8, 2009 - Entangled Light in Bose-Einstein Condensates
Background, Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. April 8, 2009 - Quantum computers will require complex software to manage errors - also here
  2. April 8, 2009 - X marks the spot: Ions coldly go through NIST trap junction - also here
Background


Ultra-luminous infrared galaxies

References:
  1. April 8, 2009 - Scientists solve mystery of starlight's origins - also here
  2. April 8, 2009 - Universe lit by dust-swaddled galaxies
  3. April 9, 2009 - Balloon telescope's star vision
  4. April 12, 2009 - A Murky All-Sky Background Is Resolved
  5. April 15, 2009 - Distant Starbursts Light Up the Sky--We Just Can't See Them
  6. May 28, 2009 - Clearest Images Of Starburst Galaxies Reveal New Picture Of Early Universe
Background


Organic solar cells

References:
  1. April 8, 2009 - The promise of organic solar cells - also here
Background


James Webb Space Telescope

References:
  1. April 8, 2009 - James Webb Space Telescope first flight mirror completes cryogenic testing - also here
Background


Kepler telescope

References:
  1. April 8, 2009 - Dust Cover Jettisoned From NASA's Kepler Telescope - also here
Background


Hydrogen storage

References:
  1. April 8, 2009 - New Gas Storage Material: One Ounce Has Surface Area Of 30 Football Fields
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. April 8, 2009 - Engineers Develop Method To Disperse Chemically Modified Graphene In Organic Solvents
Background


Metamaterials

References:
  1. April 8, 2009 - Metamaterial focuses ultrasound
Background


Solar activity levels

References:
  1. April 8, 2009 - Sunspot activity hits a new low
Background


Optical lattices

References:
  1. April 9, 2009 - Physicists discover important step for making light crystals - also here
Background, Background


Exobiology

References:
  1. April 9, 2009 - Can Life Thrive Around a Red Dwarf Star?
Background


Supercomputers

References:
  1. April 9, 2009 - Science's most powerful computer tackles first questions
Background


Nanolithography

References:
  1. April 10, 2009 - Double-laser approach makes one thin line
  2. April 10, 2009 - New method could lead to narrower chip patterns - also here
Background


Recently-formed massive galaxies

References:
  1. April 10, 2009 - Discovery poses challenge to galaxy formation theories - also here
  2. April 14, 2009 - KISSing Galactic Cousins Break the Mold
  3. April 28, 2009 - Newfound Spiral Galaxies Oddly Young
Background


Ocean storage of CO2

References:
  1. April 10, 2009 - Climate Change Leads To Major Decrease In Carbon Dioxide Storage
Background, Background


Fullerenes

References:
  1. April 10, 2009 - "Superionic" Buckyball Crystal
Background


Dark energy

References:
  1. April 10, 2009 - Is dark energy getting weaker?
Background



Life sciences


Evolution of cooperation

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Game theory study: Cooperative behavior meshes with evolutionary theory - also here
Background


Extremophiles

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Brine-Loving Microbes Reveal Secrets to Success in Chemically Extreme Environments - also here
Background


Proteomics

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - New High-throughput Screening Technique Makes Probing Puzzling Proteins Possible
  2. April 8, 2009 - Scientists develop method for comprehensive proteome analysis - also here
Background


Dendritic cells

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Dendritic Cell Lineage Defined
Background


Memory T cells

References:
  1. April 7, 2009 - Not just a long-distance relationship: Immune cells in skin fight off infection better than the rest - also here
Background


Mitochondria and cellular respiration

References:
  1. April 8, 2009 - Key protein in cellular respiration discovered - also here
Background


Synonymous mutations and gene expression levels

References:
  1. April 9, 2009 - Biologists Discover How 'Silent' Mutations Influence Protein Production - also here
Background


Heterochromatin

References:
  1. April 9, 2009 - Researchers explain process by which cells 'hide' potentially dangerous DNA segments - also here
Background, Background


MicroRNA and X chromosomes

References:
  1. April 9, 2009 - Small RNAs can play critical roles in male infertility/contraception - also here
Background


Adenylylation and cell signaling

References:
  1. April 9, 2009 - New insight into an old reaction: Adenylylation regulates cell signaling - also here
Background


Ribosomal DNA variation in yeast

References:
  1. April 9, 2009 - Rhythmic Genomics: The Yeast Metronome And The Walk Of Life
Background


Amino acids

References:
  1. April 9, 2009 - Do aliens share our genetic code?
Background


Strategies of cellular response to stimuli

References:
  1. April 10, 2009 - Bioengineer Publishes Sticky Insights in journal Science - also here
Background


Cellular response to DNA damage

References:
  1. April 10, 2009 - Scientists identify key decision-point at which cells with broken DNA repair themselves or die - also here
Background, Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells via microRNA

References:
  1. April 12, 2009 - Team closer to creating safe embryonic-like stem cells - also here
Background, Background



Neuroscience, psychology, and behavior


Receptive fields in primate vision

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Primate vision puts pieces together
  2. April 7, 2009 - How the retina works: Like a multi-layered jigsaw puzzle of receptive fields - also here
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Brain diseases are genomic opposites
  2. April 6, 2009 - Hollow mask illusion fails to fool schizophrenia patients - also here
  3. April 7, 2009 - U.S. panel backs Lundbeck drug for some schizophrenics
  4. April 7, 2009 - Altered gene can increase risk of schizophrenia - also here
  5. April 7, 2009 - Schizophrenics see through hollow-mask illusion
  6. April 9, 2009 - Schizophrenics less fooled by visual illusions
Background


Brain plasticity

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Double Amputees Shed Light on Brain's Flexibility
  2. April 6, 2009 - Hand transplants seize back lost brain territory
  3. April 7, 2009 - In double transplant, left hand works first
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Found: the brain's centre of wisdom
  2. April 6, 2009 - Is there a seat of wisdom in the brain? - also here
  3. April 7, 2009 - Adult brain processes fractions 'effortlessly' - also here
  4. April 12, 2009 - Praying to God is like talking to a friend
  5. April 12, 2009 - Science unlocks secrets of our deepest love
  6. April 13, 2009 - Wired for wisdom
Background


Longevity and personality

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Researchers Identify Personality Traits Of Centenarian Offsprings Which May Influence Longetivity
  2. April 10, 2009 - Want to Live Longer? Stop Worrying
Background


Visual attention

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Visual Attention: How The Brain Makes The Most Of The Visible World
Background


Brain development and asymmetric cell division

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Brain Growth Tied To Cell Division In Mouse Embryos
Background, Background


Reinforcement of remote memories

References:
  1. April 7, 2009 - New neurons update remote memories - also here
Background


Brain mapping

References:
  1. April 7, 2009 - Brain Mapping Time Reduced From Years To A Few Months With New Technology
Background


Oxytocin

References:
  1. April 9, 2009 - Love hormone boosts strangers' sex appeal
Background



Health and medicine


Hepatitis B

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Experts identify mutant genes linked to hepatitis B
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Baby broccoli may help prevent stomach cancer: study
  2. April 6, 2009 - Gutsy germs succumb to baby broccoli - also here
  3. April 6, 2009 - Novel lung cancer vaccine shows promise in fighting early-stage lung cancer
  4. April 6, 2009 - Biomarker associated with poor outcome in aggressive childhood cancer - also here
  5. April 6, 2009 - Breakthrough model for human cancer may improve development of cancer drugs
  6. April 6, 2009 - A potential new target for treatment of hormone refractory prostate cancer - also here
  7. April 6, 2009 - Avastin effective at delaying brain tumor progression in recurrent disease - also here
  8. April 6, 2009 - DNA Test Outperforms Pap Smear
  9. April 7, 2009 - Age cutoffs for colon cancer screening debated
  10. April 7, 2009 - A New Tool for Battling Prostate Cancer
  11. April 7, 2009 - New medications show promise in treating drug-resistant prostate cancer
  12. April 7, 2009 - More intense bladder cancer treatment does not improve survival - also here
  13. April 7, 2009 - Compendium of pancreatic cancer biomarkers established as strategic approach to early-detection
  14. April 7, 2009 - Prostate drug shows promise in early testing
  15. April 7, 2009 - Skin cancer now top cancer among young women in UK
  16. April 8, 2009 - More may not be better for bladder cancer: study
  17. April 8, 2009 - Soy may aid in treating canine cancers - also here
  18. April 8, 2009 - High-dose radiation improves lung cancer survival - also here
  19. April 9, 2009 - Scientists identify chemical compound that may stop deadly brain tumors - also here
  20. April 9, 2009 - Gene fusion discovery may lead to improved prostate cancer test - also here
  21. April 9, 2009 - Perfluorinated Chemicals Not Associated With Cancer In General Population, Study Suggests
  22. April 10, 2009 - Pretreatment Alcohol, Tobacco, Fruit, Exercise Habits Linked To Head And Neck Cancer Survival
  23. April 11, 2009 - New Drug Shows Promise In Treating Drug-resistant Prostate Cancer
  24. April 12, 2009 - New alternative to biopsy detects subtle changes in cancer cells - also here
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Experts find gene trigger for deadly skin cancer - also here
  2. April 6, 2009 - Gene helps protect tumor suppressor in breast cancer - also here
  3. April 7, 2009 - Researchers discover mechanism of cell type-specific signaling in tumor development - also here
  4. April 7, 2009 - Multifocal lung cancers appear to originate from single cancer clone - also here
  5. April 7, 2009 - New Link In Liver Cancer
  6. April 7, 2009 - Mutation 'sparks most melanoma'
  7. April 8, 2009 - Scientists identify key gene that protects against leukemia - also here
  8. April 8, 2009 - How tumor cells move - also here
  9. April 9, 2009 - New method for detection of phosphoproteins reveals regulator of melanoma invasion - also here
  10. April 12, 2009 - For cancer cells, genetics alone is poor indicator for drug response
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Evidence weak on new cholesterol tests: U.S. study
  2. April 7, 2009 - Large waist may boost heart failure risk - also here
  3. April 7, 2009 - Exercise improves quality of life for heart failure patients
  4. April 8, 2008 - Exercise Is Safe, Improves Outcomes For Patients With Heart Failure
  5. April 8, 2009 - Waist size predictor of heart failure in men and women - also here
  6. April 8, 2009 - New Tests Provide New Insight Into Why Patients Are In Heart Failure
  7. April 9, 2009 - High blood pressure in pregnancy a heart risk
  8. April 9, 2009 - Researchers study whether yoga can calm overactive hearts
  9. April 10, 2009 - Molecule prompts damaged heart cells to repair themselves after a heart attack - also here
Background


Dementia

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Risk of progression to dementia overestimated
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - ReNeuron gets good results in artery disease tests
  2. April 6, 2009 - Stem cell therapy grows new blood vessels - also here
  3. April 6, 2009 - New technique invented to reveal pancreatic stem cells - also here
  4. April 6, 2009 - After Heart Attack, Bone Marrow Stem Cells Increase Blood Flow Within Heart
  5. April 6, 2009 - Bone-repairing stem cell jab hope
  6. April 9, 2009 - GM stem cells treat autoimmune disease
  7. April 9, 2009 - Human ES cells progress slowly in myelin's direction - also here
  8. April 9, 2009 - Stem cell therapy makes cloudy corneas clear - also here
  9. April 11, 2009 - Making new eggs in old mice
  10. April 12, 2009 - Experts say develop eggs using stem cells from mice
  11. April 12, 2009 - Egg stem cells could revolutionise fertility treatment
  12. April 12, 2009 - Old ovaries, new eggs
  13. April 12, 2009 - Evidence That Mice Produce Egg Cells After Birth
  14. April 13, 2009 - Recalibrating the Biological Clock?
  15. April 13, 2009 - Eggs developed from stem cells in mice
Background


Estrogen and fat storage

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Oestrogen boosts fat stores in women
Background


Regenerative medicine

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Researchers regenerate axons necessary for voluntary movement - also here
  2. April 6, 2009 - New method for magnetic manipulation of cells - also
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Young adults at future risk of Alzheimer's have different brain activity - also here
  2. April 6, 2009 - Early warning clue for dementia
  3. April 7, 2009 - Is Alzheimer's the result of a burnt-out brain?
  4. April 8, 2009 - Alzheimer's gene changes brain early, study finds - also here
  5. April 10, 2009 - Researchers discover novel mechanisms that might causally link type-2 diabetes to Alzheimer's disease - also here
  6. April 10, 2009 - Test quickly assesses whether Alzheimer's drugs are hitting their target - also here
  7. April 11, 2009 - Diabetes 'impact on brain power'
Background


Vitamin D deficiency and inflammation

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Vitamin D Deficiency Related to Increased Inflammation in Healthy Women - also here
  2. April 8, 2009 - Vitamin D may exacerbate autoimmune disease
Background


RNA interference therapy

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Side effects of 'gene-silencing' treatment more wide-ranging than previously thought - also here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Reducing sugar and increasing fiber intake may improve diabetes risk factors in Latino teens - also here
  2. April 7, 2009 - Diet change cuts diabetes risk in Latino teens - also here
  3. April 7, 2009 - Study pinpoints role of insulin on glucagon levels - also here
  4. April 8, 2009 - Weight-loss surgery worthwhile for diabetes - also here
  5. April 9, 2009 - New research indicates protein plays role in diabetes
  6. April 9, 2009 - Too Much Protein, Eaten Along With Fat, May Lead To Insulin Resistance
Background


Obesity

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Obesity Rates Differ Among Racial/ethnic Groups In Kids As Young As Four
  2. April 6, 2009 - Obesity Associated With Periodontal Disease
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Protein Protects Neurons In Brain From Damage Due To Inflammation
Background


Weight loss

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Substituting water for sugar-sweetened beverages can reduce excess calorie consumption - also here
  2. April 7, 2009 - Cutting out sugary drinks helps weight loss
Background


Cancer stem cells

References:
  1. April 6, 2009 - Stem cell hope for bowel cancer
  2. April 9, 2009 - Common Virus Kills Cancer Stem Cells
Background, Background


AIDS

References:
  1. April 7, 2009 - Has HIV become more virulent? - also here
  2. April 8, 2009 - HIV treatment should start earlier: experts
  3. April 9, 2009 - Study shows that HIV antiretroviral treatment should start earlier
  4. April 11, 2009 - Early Administration Of Antiretroviral Therapy Can Improve Survival
Background


Negative effects of high-fat diet

References:
  1. April 7, 2009 - High-fat diets plus extra protein make for bad mix
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. April 7, 2009 - Gene therapy appears safe to regenerate gum tissue - also here
Background


Autoimmune diseases

References:
  1. April 7, 2009 - New drug shows promising results for psoriatic arthritis
  2. April 7, 2009 - Oral contraceptives associated with increased risk of lupus - also here
  3. April 7, 2009 - Genetic risk factors play role in autoantibody-negative rheumatoid arthritis
Background


Obesity and inflammation

References:
  1. April 7, 2009 - Fat-derived inflammatory factor may explain diseases that come with obesity - also here
Background, Background


Brown fat

References:
  1. April 8, 2009 - "Brown fat" may help adults lose weight
  2. April 8, 2009 - Brown fat is active in adult humans and could help keep them lean
  3. April 8, 2009 - Researchers Find "Good" Fat in Human Adults
  4. April 8, 2009 - Study identifies 'good' energy burning fat in lean adults - also here
  5. April 8, 2009 - Calorie-Burning Fat? Studies Say You Have It
  6. April 8, 2009 - Studies of 'good' fat could help with weight loss
  7. April 9, 2009 - 'Good' baby fat keeps adults slim
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. April 8, 2009 - U.S. regulator approves rapid test for bird flu
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. April 8, 2009 - New malaria drug fights resistance
  2. April 8, 2009 - One drug, two targets
  3. April 9, 2009 - Taking Aim at Parasites--and Drug Resistance
  4. April 10, 2009 - 'Double whammy' malaria drug hope
Background


NF-κB and inflammatory disease

References:
  1. April 9, 2009 - Research sheds new light on inflammatory disease
  2. April 10, 2009 - Cancer, Asthma: New Light Shed On Inflammatory Disease
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. April 9, 2009 - Targeting Specific Disease-causing Bacteria In The Mouth
  2. April 10, 2009 - Taking the Resistance Out of Drug-Resistant Infections
Background


Natural Killer cells and cancer

References:
  1. April 10, 2009 - Researchers reveal how immune cells can be harnessed to target melanoma
  2. April 13, 2009 - Harnessing Immune Cells To Target Skin Cancer
Background, Background


MicroRNA and hearing loss

References:
  1. April 12, 2009 - New insights into progressive hearing loss - also here
Background


Copyright © 2009 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved