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Volume 7, Number 31
August 4, 2008

Physical sciences and technology

Star formation and fundamental constants
Nanotechnology
Global warming
Semiconductor lasers
Ocean acidification
Paleoclimate
Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope
Galaxies
Quantum communication
Light compression
Hydrocarbons on Titan
Robotics
Mixing of oceanic crust in the mantle
Water on Mars
Higgs boson
Superconductivity
Large Hadron Collider
Solar cells
Earliest stars
Hydrogen production
Dark energy
Fuel cells
Graphene
Climate modeling
Perpendicular magnetic recording
Quantum cryptography
Spintronics
Hurricanes
Black holes
Molecular electronics
Superfluid-superconductors

Life sciences

Oxytocin
Aging, sleep, and memory
Early fossils
Cancer biology
MicroRNA and cancer
MicroRNA
Limb regeneration and Notch
Linkage of gene to sleep need
Bacterial temperature adaptation
Mitosis and phosphorylation
Origins of life
Basophils
Dopamine, sleep, and learning
Estrogen and memory
Sponges and neurogenesis
Human genetic variation
Cellular calcium sensing
Bacterial iron metabolism
Ghrelin, fat metabolism, and free radicals
Developmental backtracking of cells

Health and medicine

Diabetes
Tuberculosis
Dementia
Cancer
Cardiovascular disease
Alzheimer's disease
Avian flu
Influenza and inflammation
Autoimmune diseases
Health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids
MRSA antibiotics
Hepatitis B
Schizophrenia
AIDS
Nanobiotechnology
Metabolic syndrome
Cocaine addiction and dopamine
PPAR-δ - exericse in a pill
Neurons from induced pluripotent stem cells
Obesity and dopamine
Antidepressants, cocaine, and amphetamines
Hepatitis C
Antibiotics
Depression and epigenetics
Septic shock
Multiple sclerosis
Antioxidants
Alcohol dependence
Lupus
Endocannabinoids and obesity



Physical sciences and technology


Star formation and fundamental constants

References:
  1. July 28, 2008 - Stars may not be so fine-tuned after all
  2. August 2, 2008 - Is our universe fine-tuned for life?
  3. August 15, 2008 - Calculations find that many universes could sustain stars
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. July 28, 2008 - Nanowire lawns make for sheets of image sensors
  2. July 31, 2008 - Nanojewels Made Easy - also here
  3. August 1, 2008 - Nano sculptures in gold - also here
  4. August 1, 2008 - Size-specific cracking shakes out at the nanoscale - also here, here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. July 28, 2008 - New Piece Of Climate Change Puzzle Found In Ancient Sedimentary Rocks
  2. August 2, 2008 - Arctic ice continues to thin
Background


Semiconductor lasers

References:
  1. July 28, 2008 - New Semiconductor Lasers Herald Wide Range Of Applications In Photonics And Communications - also here, here
  2. July 31, 2008 - Plasmons put laser light on the straight and narrow
Background


Ocean acidification

References:
  1. July 28, 2008 - As Ocean Warms, Coral Loses Anchor in Acidic Waters
Background, Background


Paleoclimate

References:
  1. July 29, 2008 - Snapshot Of Past Climate Reveals No Ice In Antarctica Millions Of Years Ago - also here, here
  2. August 1, 2008 - Cold And Ice, Not Heat, Episodically Gripped Tropical Regions 300 Million Years Ago - also here
Background


Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope

References:
  1. July 29, 2008 - GLAST Burst Monitor Team Hard at Work Fine Tuning Instrument and Operations
Background


Galaxies

References:
  1. July 29, 2008 - The Bar Scene: Signs of Galactic Maturity
  2. July 30, 2008 - Barred spiral galaxies becoming more common
  3. July 31, 2008 - Astronomers Describe The Bar Scene At The Beginning Of The Universe - also here, here
Background


Quantum communication

References:
  1. July 29, 2008 - Laser beams are entangled in space
  2. July 31, 2008 - Viterbi Algorithm goes quantum - also here
Background


Light compression

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - New technique to compress light could open doors for optical communications - also here, here, here
Background


Hydrocarbons on Titan

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - Cassini finds liquid ethane on Titan
  2. July 30, 2008 - Saturn's Moon Titan Has Liquid Surface Lake - also here
  3. July 30, 2008 - Giant Lake Confirmed on Saturn's Moon Titan
  4. July 30, 2008 - Scientists Confirm Liquid Lake, Beach on Saturn's Moon Titan
  5. July 30, 2008 - The Lagoons of Titan: Oily Liquid Confirmed on Saturn Moon
  6. July 31, 2008 - Titan Makes a Splash
  7. July 31, 2008 - Huge Space Lake Confirmed on Saturn's Moon Titan
  8. July 31, 2008 - Liquid flowing on surface of Titan
  9. July 31, 2008 - Hydrocarbon lake finally confirmed on Titan
  10. July 31, 2008 - NASA says liquid confirmed on Saturn's moon Titan - also here
Background


Robotics

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - Mapping Out Future Of Intelligent Robots - also here
Background


Mixing of oceanic crust in the mantle

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - Diamonds show how Earth is recycled
  2. August 12, 2008 - X-rays Use Diamonds As Window To Center Of The Earth - also here, here
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - Phoenix Close-Up Images of 'Snow Queen' Show Changes
  2. July 30, 2008 - Cracks Appear In Ice Under Mars Lander
  3. July 31, 2008 - NASA says Mars craft "touched and tasted" water
  4. July 31, 2008 - NASA Spacecraft Confirms Martian Water - also here, here, here
  5. July 31, 2008 - Phoenix Mars lander 'tastes' first sample of water ice
  6. July 31, 2008 - Nasa's lander samples Mars water
  7. August 1, 2008 - Phoenix lander discovers ice in Martian soil
  8. August 1, 2008 - Phoenix lander tastes its first ice
  9. August 1, 2008 - Oven bakes out water; mission successes lead to longer lander life
  10. August 1, 2008 - Mars Water Discovered, "Tasted" by Lander -- A First
  11. August 1, 2008 - Phoenix samples water at Mars pole
  12. August 1, 2008 - Test of Mars Soil Sample Confirms Presence of Ice
  13. August 1, 2008 - Phoenix Gas Analyzer Confirms Water on Mars
Background


Higgs boson

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - Prelude to the Higgs: A work for 2 bosons in the key of Z - also here
  2. August 1, 2008 - Fermilab still playing Higgs hide-and-seek
  3. August 5, 2008 - Tevatron Experiments Double-team Higgs Boson - also here, here
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - Scientists Shed Light on Heavy Electrons, Suggest New View of Superconductivity
  2. August 1, 2008 - New Insight On Superconductors
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - Will first LHC protons be injected within a fortnight?
Background


Solar cells

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - Thin films: ready for their close-up?
  2. July 31, 2008 - Solar-cell material can soak up more Sun
  3. July 31, 2008 - Researchers Produce Best-Yet Dye-Based Solar Cells
Background


Earliest stars

References:
  1. July 31, 2008 - Universe's first star born tiny, grew huge: study
  2. July 31, 2008 - The First Stars - also here
  3. July 31, 2008 - Universe's first stars bulk up in new simulation
  4. July 31, 2008 - New simulation accurately tracks seeds of first stars
  5. July 31, 2008 - Big Bang Ripples Formed Universe's First Stars
  6. July 31, 2008 - Filling the Gap in Stellar History
  7. July 31, 2008 - How the First Stars Were Born
  8. July 31, 2008 - Simulation points to lightweight first stars
  9. July 31, 2008 - Researchers may have found cosmic Rosetta stone - also here
  10. July 31, 2008 - The First Stars Started Small, Grew Fast, and Died Young
  11. August 1, 2008 - How The First Stars In The Universe Came Into Existence - also here
  12. August 1, 2008 - New Simulation Shows How Seeds of First Stars Formed
Background, Background


Hydrogen production

References:
  1. July 31, 2008 - 'Major discovery' primed to unleash solar revolution - also here
  2. July 31, 2008 - Catalyst heralded as solar-power breakthrough
  3. July 31, 2008 - Electrode lights the way to artificial photosynthesis
  4. July 31, 2008 - New studies with different fuel cell catalysts show promising results
  5. July 31, 2008 - Hydrogen Power on the Cheap--Or at Least, Cheaper
  6. August 1, 2008 - Scientists Mimic Essence Of Plants' Energy Storage System
Background


Dark energy

References:
  1. July 31, 2008 - Scientists Find Direct Evidence of 'Dark Energy' in Supervoids and Superclusters
  2. August 1, 2008 - Unmasking Dark Energy
  3. August 4, 2008 - UH team sees dark energy trail
  4. August 4, 2008 - Caught in the Act: Dark Energy Expanding the Universe
  5. August 4, 2008 - Dark Energy Signs Seen in Giant Clusters and Voids
  6. August 5, 2008 - Dark Energy's Fingerprint Found in Distant Galaxies
  7. August 6, 2008 - Dark Energy's Early Fingerprints
  8. August 7, 2008 - Supervoids and clusters reveal dark energy
  9. August 8, 2008 - The most direct signal of dark energy?
  10. August 11, 2008 - Most Direct Evidence of Dark Energy Detected
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. August 1, 2008 - Cheaper fuel cell on the way
  2. August 3, 2008 - Hybrid Cars Could Be More Reliable And Cheaper With New Fuel Cell Technology
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. August 1, 2008 - Potential Of Graphene Films As Next-generation Transistors Demonstrated - also here
  2. August 2, 2008 - Functional Nanoribbons Carved Using Super-heated, Nano-sized Particles Of Iron - also here
Background


Climate modeling

References:
  1. August 1, 2008 - Climate Change Science Program Issues Report On Climate Models
Background


Perpendicular magnetic recording

References:
  1. August 1, 2008 - Hitachi Shows Technical Feasibility Of Perpendicular Magnetic Recording At 610 Gbit/in2
Background


Quantum cryptography

References:
  1. August 1, 2008 - Data transfer using quantum cryptography
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. August 1, 2008 - Cold atoms could help build 'spintronics' transistor
Background


Hurricanes

References:
  1. August 1, 2008 - Boston Hurricane Frequency Over Last Millennium Linked To Ocean Surface Temperatures
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. August 2, 2008 - Mangled stars could reveal ejected black holes
Background


Molecular electronics

References:
  1. August 2, 2008 - Ballistic breakthrough could lead to molecular logic gates
Background


Superfluid-superconductors

References:
  1. August 3, 2008 - Superfluid-superconductor Relationship Is Detailed - also here, here
Background, Background



Life sciences


Oxytocin

References:
  1. July 28, 2008 - A Hormone That Enhances One's Memory Of Happy Faces - also here, here
Background


Aging, sleep, and memory

References:
  1. July 29, 2008 - To Sleep, Perchance to Forget
  2. July 29, 2008 - Sleep clue to age memory decline
  3. July 29, 2008 - Brain's Sleep-Time Memory Storage Gets Muddled with Age
  4. August 1, 2008 - Aging Impairs The 'Replay' Of Memories During Sleep - also here, here
Background, Background, Background


Early fossils

References:
  1. July 29, 2008 - Nano-tools pick out traces of ancient life
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. July 29, 2008 - Study Provides Clues To Preventing And Treating Cancer Spread - also here
  2. July 31, 2008 - How Molecules Out Of Balance Lead To Human Multiple Myeloma And Other Cancers - also here
  3. August 1, 2008 - Survival Of The Fittest: Even Cancer Cells Follow The Laws Of Evolution - also here, here, here
  4. August 1, 2008 - Mitochondrial DNA Copy Number Associated With Risk Of Kidney Cancer
  5. August 1, 2008 - How chemo kills tumours: research to reduce side effects - also here, here
Background


MicroRNA and cancer

References:
  1. July 29, 2008 - New Biomarker For Early Cancer Detection? Research Reveals That 'MicroRNA' May Fit The Bill - also here
Background, Background


MicroRNA

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - How short RNAs influence many proteins
  2. July 30, 2008 - Thousands of proteins affected by miRNAs
  3. August 1, 2008 - MicroRNA Implicated As Molecular Factor In Alcohol Tolerance - also here
Background


Limb regeneration and Notch

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - Lost An Appendage? Grow Another
Background, Background


Linkage of gene to sleep need

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - Possible 'Sleep Gene' Identified - also here, here
Background


Bacterial temperature adaptation

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - Bacteria Reveal Secret Of Adaptation At Evolution Canyon - also here, here
Background


Mitosis and phosphorylation

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - Being A Control Freak Aids Dividing Cells - also here
Background


Origins of life

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - Diamonds May Have Been Life's Best Friend On Primordial Earth - also here
Background


Basophils

References:
  1. July 31, 2008 - Proton Channels Inhibit Release Of Histamine During Allergic Reactions, Novel Study Finds - also here
Background


Dopamine, sleep, and learning

References:
  1. July 31, 2008 - Dopamine could help the sleep-deprived still learn
  2. August 1, 2008 - Brain Tweak Lets Sleep-deprived Flies Stay Sharp - also here
Background, Background, Background


Estrogen and memory

References:
  1. July 31, 2008 - Improved Estrogen Reception May Sharpen Fuzzy Memory - also here, here
Background, Background


Sponges and neurogenesis

References:
  1. July 31, 2008 - Nerves of sponge?
Background


Human genetic variation

References:
  1. August 1, 2008 - Restructuring Human Variation
Background


Cellular calcium sensing

References:
  1. August 2, 2008 - Like Eavesdropping At A Party: How A Tiny Protein Senses All The Communications In A Cell - also here
Background, Background


Bacterial iron metabolism

References:
  1. August 2, 2008 - How Some Bacteria May Steal Iron From Their Human Hosts - also here
Background


Ghrelin, fat metabolism, and free radicals

References:
  1. August 3, 2008 - Brain Plays Key Role In Appetite By Regulating Free Radicals - also here
Background


Developmental backtracking of cells

References:
  1. August 3, 2008 - Fruit-fly Study Adds Weight To Theories About Another Type Of Adult Stem Cell - also here
Background



Health and medicine


Diabetes

References:
  1. July 28, 2008 - Studies show exercise boon for obesity, diabetes
  2. July 28, 2008 - Sweet fruit drinks found to lead to diabetes
  3. July 28, 2008 - Low-fat diets per se do not curb diabetes risk
  4. July 28, 2008 - Diabetes may threaten tuberculosis control efforts
  5. July 28, 2008 - Worry 'ups men's diabetes risk'
  6. July 28, 2008 - Daily walk can help control diabetes
  7. July 29, 2008 - Gestational diabetes raises risk of type 2 diabetes
  8. July 29, 2008 - Women With Gestational Diabetes At Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes
  9. July 29, 2008 - Dietary Factors Appear To Be Associated With Diabetes Risk - also here, here
  10. July 30, 2008 - Study Links Soft Drinks And Fruit Drinks With Risk For Diabetes In African-American Women - also here, here
  11. July 30, 2008 - Compound That Helps Rice Grow Reduces Nerve, Vascular Damage From Diabetes - also here, here
  12. August 1, 2008 - Commonly Used Test Could Identify Millions Of People With Undiagnosed Diabetes
  13. August 3, 2008 - Treatment Corrects Severe Insulin Imbalance In Animal Studies - also here
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. July 28, 2008 - Diabetes may threaten tuberculosis control efforts
  2. August 1, 2008 - Potential New Drug Target To Fight Tuberculosis Identified - also here
Background


Dementia

References:
  1. July 28, 2008 - Statins may protect against memory loss: study
  2. July 28, 2008 - Up to 5 pct of elderly lose memory each year: study
  3. July 28, 2008 - Drugs designed to fight cholesterol might also prevent Alzheimer's and other dementia
  4. July 28, 2008 - Study: 'Pre-dementia' is rising, especially in men
  5. July 29, 2008 - Statins 'may cut dementia risk'
  6. July 30, 2008 - Statins May Protect Against Memory Loss - also here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. July 28, 2008 - Bone density may help determine breast cancer risk
  2. July 28, 2008 - Impotence drugs help treat brain tumors: study
  3. July 28, 2008 - Breast Cancer Detection: A Simpler Alternative To Mammograms?
  4. July 29, 2008 - Sparing leukemia patients from unnecessary chemo
  5. July 29, 2008 - Erectile Dysfunction Drugs Allowed More Chemotherapy To Reach Brain Tumors In Laboratory Study - also here, here
  6. July 30, 2008 - Therapeutic vaccines said to hold big promise
  7. July 30, 2008 - New Treatment For Advanced Prostate Cancer - also here
  8. July 30, 2008 - Modified Salmonella Slows Tumor Growth
  9. July 30, 2008 - Could Metals Help Treat Cancer?
  10. July 30, 2008 - Hey Fever! The Surprise Benefit Of Allergies - also here
  11. July 31, 2008 - Getting rid of bacteria cuts stomach cancer risk
  12. July 31, 2008 - Digestive Specialists Freeze Out Esophagus Cancer With New Therapy - also here, here, here
  13. July 31, 2008 - Stomach bug treatment for cancer
  14. August 1, 2008 - Methadone promising in hard-to-treat leukemia
  15. August 1, 2008 - Marijuana takes on colon cancer
  16. August 1, 2008 - Interferon Or Surgery For Eye Surface Cancer - Which Is Best?
  17. August 1, 2008 - Unravelling breast cancer susceptibility
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. July 28, 2008 - Fishy diet may protect against clogged arteries
  2. July 29, 2008 - Heart patients often have unhealthy lipid levels
  3. July 29, 2008 - Exposure To Bad Air Raises Blood Pressure, Study Shows - also here
  4. July 30, 2008 - Potassium may help lower blood pressure
  5. July 30, 2008 - Garlic supplements help lower high blood pressure
  6. July 31, 2008 - The constant stress of "fight-or-flight" mode out of deep sleep may exacerbate other health problems over time
  7. July 31, 2008 - Fat Around The Heart May Increase Risk Of Heart Attacks - also here, here
  8. July 31, 2008 - Protein Made By Fat Cells May Increase Risk Of Heart Attack In Older Adults - also here
  9. August 1, 2008 - Discovery May Lead To Immunization Against Cardiovascular Disease
  10. August 1, 2008 - Gene May Put Women With Migraine At Increased Risk Of Heart Disease And Stroke - also here
  11. August 1, 2008 - Study: To sleep better, perchance to live longer - also here
  12. August 2, 2008 - New Method Assesses Risks For Heart Failure Patients - also here
  13. August 4, 2008 - Sleep Apnea Linked To Increased Risk Of Death - also here
  14. August 4, 2008 - Sleep Apnea Is An Independent Risk Factor For Mortality, Australian Study Shows - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. July 28, 2008 - Allon drug boosts memory in pre-Alzheimer patients - also here
  2. July 28, 2008 - Dual diabetes drugs help stave off Alzheimer's
  3. July 28, 2008 - Blood pressure drug dementia hope
  4. July 28, 2008 - Blood pressure drugs may cut risk of Alzheimer's by 40%
  5. July 29, 2008 - Tau drug shows early promise in Alzheimer's
  6. July 29, 2008 - Angiotensin Receptor Blockers Are Lower Incidence, Progression Of Alzheimer's Disease - also here, here
  7. July 29, 2008 - Alzheimer's drug 'halts' decline
  8. July 29, 2008 - Experimental Alzheimer's drug shows early promise
  9. July 30, 2008 - Baxter Alzheimer's drug effective at 9 months: study
  10. July 30, 2008 - Lilly says Alzheimer's antibody drug safe
  11. July 30, 2008 - Medivation Alzheimer's drug helps -- if used early
  12. July 30, 2008 - A new study in mice finds that plaques associated with Alzheimer's wreak havoc on calcium's role in cell signaling
  13. July 30, 2008 - Results Of 9-month Phase II Study Of Gammagard Intravenous Immunoglobulin
  14. July 30, 2008 - Thyrotropin Levels Associated With Alzheimer's Disease Risk In Women - also here, here
  15. July 30, 2008 - Healthy Children Of Alzheimer Patients Show Early Brain Changes - also here, here
  16. July 30, 2008 - Singles 'face Alzheimer's risk'
  17. July 31, 2008 - Alzheimer's Disease Patients Show Improvement In Trial Of New Drug - also here, here
  18. July 31, 2008 - How Amyloid Plaques May Damage Brain Cells In Alzheimer's Disease
  19. August 1, 2008 - Living With A Partner Reduces Risk Of Alzheimer's
  20. August 1, 2008 - Study Bolsters Link To Maternal Alzheimer's Disease
  21. August 3, 2008 - Alzheimer's Drug May Help Mild Memory Loss, Imaging Study Suggests - also here
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. July 28, 2008 - Fresh bird flu outbreak in Nigerian poultry
  2. July 29, 2008 - SKorea cat had bird flu: officials
Background


Influenza and inflammation

References:
  1. July 28, 2008 - Lung Inflammation From Influenza And Other Infections Could Be Turned Off Following New Discovery - also here
Background


Autoimmune diseases

References:
  1. July 28, 2008 - New research on pre-eclampsia in mice may have important implications for humans
  2. July 29, 2008 - Pre-eclampsia May Be Autoimmune Disease - also here
  3. August 1, 2008 - 'Hygiene hypothesis' may be tied to bowel disease
Background


Health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids

References:
  1. July 29, 2008 - Japanese Diet Rich In Fish May Hold Secret To Healthy Heart: Omega-3 Fatty Acids From Fish Appear To Prevent Clogged Arteries - also here
Background, Background


MRSA antibiotics

References:
  1. July 29, 2008 - Researchers Analyze How New Anti-MRSA Antibiotics Function - also here, here
Background


Hepatitis B

References:
  1. July 29, 2008 - Structure Of Hepatitis B Mapped By Spraying Virus - also here
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - Researchers find 3 new genes for schizophrenia
  2. July 30, 2008 - Missing DNA Boosts Schizophrenia Risk
  3. July 30, 2008 - New schizophrenia genes uncovered
  4. July 30, 2008 - Gene flaws link to schizophrenia
  5. July 30, 2008 - Missing DNA chunks tied to schizophrenia risk
  6. July 31, 2008 - Gene mutations reveal schizophrenia's complexity
  7. July 31, 2008 - New gene clues to schizophrenia risk
  8. July 31, 2008 - Increased Burden Of Rare Genetic Variations Found In Schizophrenia
  9. August 1, 2008 - Advances In The Field Of Schizophrenia Research: New Genetic Factors Identified
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - Italy launches clinical trial for HIV vaccine
  2. July 30, 2008 - New Therapy For HIV Treatment - also here
  3. July 30, 2008 - Sensitive Testing Reveals Drug-resistant HIV With Possible Consequences For Treatment - also here
  4. July 30, 2008 - Promising HIV gel fails in latest trial
  5. August 3, 2008 - Back to basics for failed HIV vaccine
  6. August 3, 2008 - How 'Hidden Mutations' Contribute To HIV Drug Resistance - also here
  7. August 3, 2008 - Common Vaginal Infection May Increase Risk Of HIV Infection
  8. August 3, 2008 - Growth hormone reduces abdominal fat, cardiovascular risk in HIV patients on antiviral therapy - also here, here
  9. August 3, 2008 - Mixed results for growth hormone in HIV patients
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - New Disease-fighting Nanoparticles Look Like Miniature Pastries - also here, here
  2. July 31, 2008 - Nanoparticles + Light = Dead Tumor Cells - also here, here
Background


Metabolic syndrome

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - Testosterone Predominance Increases Prevalence Of Metabolic Syndrome During Menopause - also here
  2. July 31, 2008 - Risk of metabolic syndrome rises near menopause
  3. July 31, 2008 - Drinking In Excess Associated With Increased Risk For Metabolic Syndrome - also here
Background, Background, Background


Cocaine addiction and dopamine

References:
  1. July 30, 2008 - Brain's reaction to self-administered cocaine differs
  2. August 1, 2008 - Cocaine Addiction Linked To Voluntary Drug Use And Cellular Memory, Study Shows - also here
Background


PPAR-δ - exericse in a pill

References:
  1. July 31, 2008 - Exercise in a pill
  2. July 31, 2008 - Experimental Compound Boosts Endurance in Lab Tests on Idle Mice
  3. July 31, 2008 - Exercise in a Pill? Not So Fast
  4. July 31, 2008 - Exercise in a pill? Researchers find two
  5. July 31, 2008 - Drugs turn 'couch potato' mice into long-distance runners
  6. July 31, 2008 - Personal Trainer in a Pill
  7. July 31, 2008 - Drug gives couch potato mice benefits of a workout
  8. July 31, 2008 - Could a Pill Replace Exercise?
  9. August 1, 2008 - Drugs mimic exercise benefits in mice
  10. August 1, 2008 - Drugs could turn couch potatoes into athletes
  11. August 1, 2008 - Researchers Identify Drugs That Enhance Exercise Endurance
  12. August 1, 2008 - 'Fitness pill' being developed
  13. August 1, 2008 - Couch Mouse to Mr. Mighty by Pills Alone
  14. August 3, 2008 - Oral pill turns slacker mice into marathonists: study
  15. August 6, 2008 - 'Exercise Pill' Is No Replacement For Real Exercise, Expert Cautions - also here, here
  16. August 15, 2008 - Mice Marathon
Background


Neurons from induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. July 31, 2008 - Nerve cells grown from new-style stem cells
  2. July 31, 2008 - Nerve cells made from elderly patientís skin cells
  3. July 31, 2008 - Scientists 'reprogram' cells from sick, elderly patients
  4. July 31, 2008 - Stem Cell Breakthrough in ALS Research
  5. July 31, 2008 - Diseased cells made pluripotent
  6. July 31, 2008 - Stem cell advance turns ailing sisters' skin cells into nerve cells
  7. July 31, 2008 - Cell changes may help ALS research
  8. August 1, 2008 - First Neurons Created From ALS Patient's Skin Cells
Background


Obesity and dopamine

References:
  1. July 31, 2008 - Obesity Predisposition Traced To The Brain's Reward System - also here, here
Background, Background


Antidepressants, cocaine, and amphetamines

References:
  1. July 31, 2008 - How Antidepressants And Cocaine Interact With Brain Cell Targets - also here, here
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. August 1, 2008 - New Treatment Therapy Helps Inhibit Hepatitis C
  2. August 2, 2008 - Liver Damage In Hepatitis C Patients Could Be Treated With Warfarin, Says New Study
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. August 1, 2008 - Facing Apparent Resistance To Antibiotics, Researchers Develop New Techniques To Kill Dormant Bacteria
Background


Depression and epigenetics

References:
  1. August 1, 2008 - Autopsies Reveal Changes To DNA In Major Depression And Suicide - also here
Background, Background


Septic shock

References:
  1. August 1, 2008 - Immune system protein accurate predictor of survival in pediatric septic shock
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. August 1, 2008 - Multiple Sclerosis: new MRI contrast medium enables early diagnosis in animal model - also here, here
Background


Antioxidants

References:
  1. August 1, 2008 - How do antioxidants work?
Background


Alcohol dependence

References:
  1. August 2, 2008 - Drug Has Potential To Prevent Alcoholics From Relapsing - also here
Background


Lupus

References:
  1. August 3, 2008 - Cutting The Brakes On The Immune System; Newly Discovered Gene Variant Implicated In Lupus - also here
Background


Endocannabinoids and obesity

References:
  1. August 3, 2008 - A mechanism for the development of obesity-associated conditions - also here
Background


Copyright © 2008 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved