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Volume 7, Number 29
July 21, 2008

Physical sciences and technology

Neutrino astronomy
Enceladus
Extreme ultraviolet lithography
Robotics
Fullerites
Carbon nanotubes
Earthquakes
Ultra-bright stars
Atom lasers
Casimir force
Controlled fusion
Quantum optics
Water on Mars
Graphene
Phase change memory
Nanotechnology
Global warming
Magnetic fields of early galaxies
Black holes
Nanotechnology for hydrogen production
Solar cells
Large Hadron Collider
Neutron stars
Semantic web

Life sciences

Sleep and memory
Nucleostemin, serotonin, and insulin signaling
Personality-mediated sexual selection
Spatial perception
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue
Insulin, toll-like receptors, and inflammation
Genomic imprinting
Glia cells
Nucleosomes and DNA transcription
Membrane proteins
Passive learning
Cancer biology
Attention
MicroRNA knockout library
Neanderthals
Telomerase and stress
Intracellular pathogens and the immune system
DNA palindromes
Regulatory T cells, Foxp3, and allergies
Systems biology and cancer
Oxytocin
Sleep
Cell death and immune response
Bacterial riboswitches
Cell signaling and inflammation
Evolution and optimality
Cytomegalovirus
Cellular vesicles
Mathematical modeling of typical species size
Brain-imaging studies
Cancer stem cells
P53
Cell movement
RNA interference

Health and medicine

Prions
Cardiovascular disease
Insulin resistance and the hypothalamus
AIDS
Diabetes
Nanobiotechnology
Alzheimer's disease
Cancer
Tuberculosis
Stem cells
Diet comparison
Malaria
Avian flu
Schizophrenia
Obesity, epigenetics, and the hypothalamus
Obsessive compulsive disorder
Autism
Antidepressants
Autoimmune diseases
Obesity-related genes
Hepatitis C



Physical sciences and technology


Neutrino astronomy

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - Underwater neutrino telescope looks down to see sky
Background


Enceladus

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - Enceladus' geysers could have delivered sodium from its underground ocean and into Saturn's E ring
Background


Extreme ultraviolet lithography

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - Researchers Enhance Lithography Light Sources
Background


Robotics

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - New Generation Of Home Robots Have Gentle Touch
Background


Fullerites

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - Controlled growth of truly nanoscale single crystal fullerites for device applications - also here
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - Carbon Nanotubes heralded as ideal candidates for next generation Nanoelectronics
  2. July 20, 2008 - Invisible nanotube cable could support a human
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. July 15, 2008 - Earth's hum predicts quake danger spots
  2. July 20, 2008 - Dangerous faults reveal themselves in the landscape
Background


Ultra-bright stars

References:
  1. July 15, 2008 - Who's the brightest star of all?
  2. July 15, 2008 - Central star is no dim bulb
  3. July 15, 2008 - Brightest Star In The Galaxy Has New Competition - also here
  4. July 16, 2008 - Star Vies to be Brightest
  5. July 18, 2008 - Galaxy's second brightest star found
Background


Atom lasers

References:
  1. July 15, 2008 - Practical atom laser developed
  2. July 17, 2008 - Pumped atom laser brings high-precision measurements in sight
Background


Casimir force

References:
  1. July 15, 2008 - Physicists Tweak Quantum Force, Reducing Barrier To Tiny Devices - also here
Background


Controlled fusion

References:
  1. July 15, 2008 - SKorean fusion reactor takes step forward: scientists
Background


Quantum optics

References:
  1. July 15, 2008 - Getting many quantum states from one experimental setup
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. July 15, 2008 - Mars Lander Exposes More Ice
  2. July 16, 2008 - NASA Makes Shaved Ice on Mars
  3. July 16, 2008 - More evidence shows Mars once was wet all over
  4. July 16, 2008 - Mineral maps show widespread water on early Mars
  5. July 16, 2008 - Water on Mars was surprisingly widespread, long-lasting and perhaps life-friendly
  6. July 16, 2008 - Mars Was Warm, Wet, May Have Hosted Life, Study Says
  7. July 16, 2008 - Ancient Mars Had Widespread Water, Potential To Support Life - also here
  8. July 16, 2008 - Early Mars Was All Wet
  9. July 17, 2008 - Mars's Ancient Water Works
  10. July 17, 2008 - Papers reveal widespread, hardworking water on ancient Mars - also here
  11. July 17, 2008 - Water 'widespread' on early Mars
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. July 16, 2008 - Single atoms spied on graphene sliver
  2. July 16, 2008 - Graphene helps a team use a transmission electron microscope to image individual hydrogen atoms
  3. July 16, 2008 - Electron microscope sees single hydrogen atoms
  4. July 17, 2008 - Graphene has record-breaking strength - also here
  5. July 18, 2008 - Atom-thick carbon sheets set new strength record
  6. July 22, 2008 - Engineers Prove Graphene is the Strongest Material
  7. July 28, 2008 - World's Strongest Material
Background


Phase change memory

References:
  1. July 16, 2008 - Losing the lasers turns CDs into memory sticks
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. July 16, 2008 - Principles Behind Stability And Electronic Properties Of Gold Nanoclusters Identified - also here
  2. July 17, 2008 - 'Nanosculpture' could enable new types of heat pumps, energy converters - also here, here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. July 16, 2008 - Future Snowmelt In West Twice As Early As Expected; Threatens Ecosystems And Water Reserves - also here, here
  2. July 18, 2008 - Sun Could Cause 15 To 20 Of Effects Of Climate Change, Researcher Says - also here
  3. July 23, 2008 - US spring melt to shift by months
Background


Magnetic fields of early galaxies

References:
  1. July 16, 2008 - Young Galaxies Surprisingly Magnetic
  2. July 16, 2008 - Galaxies' Mysterious Magnetic Fields Grew Up Fast
  3. July 19, 2008 - Early galaxies had magnetic fields as strong as today's
  4. July 23, 2008 - Ancient Galactic Magnetic Fields Stronger than Expected
  5. July 26, 2008 - Young Galaxies Have Surprisingly Strong Magnetic Fields: Contradicts Popular Theories
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. July 17, 2008 - New Way To Weigh Giant Black Holes - also here, here
  2. July 22, 2008 - Weighing Black Holes with a Thermometer
Background


Nanotechnology for hydrogen production

References:
  1. July 18, 2008 - Researchers Generate Hydrogen Without The Carbon Footprint - also here, here
Background, Background


Solar cells

References:
  1. July 18, 2008 - Promising New Method To Fabricate Ultra-thin Silicon Solar Cells Developed
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. July 18, 2008 - Cern lab goes 'colder than space'
  2. July 19, 2008 - Large Hadron Collider
Background


Neutron stars

References:
  1. July 18, 2008 - A Super Mix Inside Neutron Stars
Background


Semantic web

References:
  1. July 20, 2008 - Semantics Gives The Web Meaning - For Machines
Background



Life sciences


Sleep and memory

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - Sleep loss produces false memories
  2. July 14, 2008 - Sleeping soundly 'boosts memory'
Background, Background


Nucleostemin, serotonin, and insulin signaling

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - Nucleostemin, Serotonin And Insulin Signaling: Controlling Drosophila Growth
Background


Personality-mediated sexual selection

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - Who Dares Sings, And Who Sings Wins: Bold Birds Get The Girl
Background


Spatial perception

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - The Brain Hides Information From Us To Prevent Mistakes
  2. July 14, 2008 - Do mammals think in 3-D?
Background


Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - April Showers Bring Mucosal Antibody Secreting Cells Long Life
Background


Insulin, toll-like receptors, and inflammation

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - Insulin Suppresses Receptors that Cause Cascade of Inflammation, Study Shows
Background


Genomic imprinting

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - Battle of sex in genes and the brain
Background


Glia cells

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - Glia guide brain development in worms
Background


Nucleosomes and DNA transcription

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - A new look at how genes unfold to enable their expression
Background


Membrane proteins

References:
  1. July 15, 2008 - Anatomy Of Membrane Protein Mapped: May Lead Faster Drug Development - also here
Background, Background


Passive learning

References:
  1. July 15, 2008 - Passive Learning Imprints On The Brain Just Like Active Learning - also here
Background, Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. July 15, 2008 - 'Smothered' Genes Combine With Mutations To Yield Poor Outcome In Cancer Patients - also here, here
  2. July 17, 2008 - Vitamin A Pushes Breast Cancer To Form Blood Vessel Cells - also here, here
  3. July 18, 2008 - The boring genes might be the disease culprits
  4. July 18, 2008 - New approach to cancer: Find most tightly controlled genes - also here
Background


Attention

References:
  1. July 16, 2008 - Scientists find key brain circuits for attention
  2. July 16, 2008 - Computer-watching monkeys in attention-grabbing test
Background


MicroRNA knockout library

References:
  1. July 16, 2008 - Mouse miRNA library to open
Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. July 16, 2008 - First Europeans shunned Neanderthal sex
  2. July 16, 2008 - Caveman's DNA Looks Modern
  3. July 16, 2008 - Cro-Magnon 28,000 Years Old Had DNA Like Modern Humans - also here
Background


Telomerase and stress

References:
  1. July 16, 2008 - Mechanism Behind Mind-body Connection Discovered - also here
Background, Background


Intracellular pathogens and the immune system

References:
  1. July 16, 2008 - New Study Sheds Light On How Intracellular Pathogens Trigger The Immune System - also here
Background


DNA palindromes

References:
  1. July 16, 2008 - DNA 'Palindromes' Linked To Disease - also here
Background


Regulatory T cells, Foxp3, and allergies

References:
  1. July 16, 2008 - Researchers Identify Immune Cells That Block Allergic Reactions - also here, here
Background


Systems biology and cancer

References:
  1. July 16, 2008 - Cancer Metastasis: Cellular Decisions Predicted With Computer Program - also here
Background, Background


Oxytocin

References:
  1. July 17, 2008 - Breast-feeding triggers pulses of feel-good hormone
  2. July 18, 2008 - Suckling infants trigger surges of trust hormone in mothers' brains - also here
  3. July 18, 2008 - Breastfeeding trust hormone clue
Background


Sleep

References:
  1. July 17, 2008 - 'Sleepless' gene hints at the nature of slumber
Background


Cell death and immune response

References:
  1. July 17, 2008 - How cells die determines whether immune system mounts response - also here
Background, Background


Bacterial riboswitches

References:
  1. July 17, 2008 - RNA in control
  2. July 18, 2008 - Glimpses Of Earliest Forms Of Life On Earth: Remnant Of Ancient 'RNA World' Discovered - also here, here
Background, Background, Background


Cell signaling and inflammation

References:
  1. July 18, 2008 - Discovery Of A New Signaling Mechanism May Lead To Novel Anti-inflammatory Therapy - also here
Background


Evolution and optimality

References:
  1. July 18, 2008 - Natural selection may not produce the best organisms - also here
Background


Cytomegalovirus

References:
  1. July 18, 2008 - Biologists show how Human Cytomegalovirus hides from the immune system
Background


Cellular vesicles

References:
  1. July 18, 2008 - Researchers Capture Images that Illuminate One of Cell's Mysteries
Background


Mathematical modeling of typical species size

References:
  1. July 19, 2008 - Distribution Of Creatures Great And Small Can Be Predicted Mathematically - also here
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. July 19, 2008 - How emotional pain can really hurt
Background


Cancer stem cells

References:
  1. July 20, 2008 - A Potential Metastatic Disease Target?
Background, Background


P53

References:
  1. July 20, 2008 - Study of dark-skinned mice leads to protein linked to bone marrow failure in humans - also here
Background


Cell movement

References:
  1. July 20, 2008 - Discovery of a mechanism that regulates cell movement - also here, here
Background


RNA interference

References:
  1. July 20, 2008 - Class of antibiotics can enhance gene-silencing tool - also here, here
Background



Health and medicine


Prions

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - Researchers look to the good version of the protein implicated in mad cow disease for insight into the protein's bad side
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - Positive Thinking Is Prescription For The Heart - also here
  2. July 14, 2008 - Heart death risk cut by early warning drugs tests
  3. July 14, 2008 - Doctors hopeful easier blood thinners are nearing
  4. July 15, 2008 - Slightly high blood pressure related to plaques
  5. July 15, 2008 - Carotid artery distension predicts coronary events
  6. July 15, 2008 - Forget The Stethoscope, New Technology Sounds Out Wide Range Of Heart Problems Automatically
  7. July 16, 2008 - 'Healthy' Sterols May Pose Health Risk - also here
  8. July 17, 2008 - Too much sleep tied to stroke risk in older women
  9. July 17, 2008 - Human Fats: A Link Between Leprosy And Atherosclerosis?
  10. July 17, 2008 - Detecting Coronary Disease Early: Nuclear Stress Test Can Detect More Than Blockages - also here
  11. July 17, 2008 - Young Adults With Prehypertension Are More Likely To Have Atherosclerosis Later In Life - also here
  12. July 17, 2008 - Too much, too little sleep increases ischemic risk in postmenopausal women - also here
  13. July 18, 2008 - Genetic Variant Increases Triglyceride Levels In Asian-Americans - also here
  14. July 19, 2008 - Best care for the frail and elderly with coronary artery disease - also here, here
  15. July 20, 2008 - Regular Walking Protects The Masai -- Who Eat High Fat Diet -- From Cardiovascular Disease - also here
Background


Insulin resistance and the hypothalamus

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - Metabolic Disease: Understanding How The Brain Can Influence The Effects Of Insulin
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - Exhausted B Cells Hamper Immune Response To HIV - also here
  2. July 14, 2008 - Exhausted B cells fail to fight HIV
  3. July 16, 2008 - Gene variant common in Africa ups HIV risk: study
  4. July 16, 2008 - African mutation may increase HIV infection
  5. July 16, 2008 - A genetic variation that defends against malaria has mixed consequences
  6. July 16, 2008 - Gene makes Africans more susceptible to HIV
  7. July 16, 2008 - Pathologists Believe They Have Pinpointed Achilles Heel Of HIV - also here, here
  8. July 16, 2008 - Genetic Trait Boosts AIDS Risks in Blacks
  9. July 17, 2008 - Malaria gene 'increases HIV risk'
  10. July 17, 2008 - U.S. drops trial of one AIDS vaccine
  11. July 17, 2008 - Malaria resistance gene ups HIV risk
  12. July 17, 2008 - HIV Vaccine Trial Cancelled By NIH - also here
  13. July 17, 2008 - Genetic Variation Increases HIV Risk In Africans - also here, here
  14. July 17, 2008 - Gene variant found in those with African ancestry increases odds of HIV infection - also here
  15. July 17, 2008 - Scientists make gene link to African HIV epidemic
  16. July 17, 2008 - NIH AIDS vaccine trial nixed
  17. July 17, 2008 - Plans for large-scale AIDS vaccine trial dropped
  18. July 18, 2008 - HIV vaccine trial cancelled
  19. July 18, 2008 - Genetic Cause Of Innate Resistance To HIV/AIDS - also here, here
  20. July 18, 2008 - Novel computational model describes the speed at which HIV escapes the immune response - also here
  21. July 19, 2008 - HIV Conquers Immune System Faster Than Previously Realized - also here, here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - Potential To Prevent Loss Of Insulin In Type 2 Diabetes - also here
  2. July 14, 2008 - All Sweeteners May Not Be the Same When Managing Type 2 Diabetes and Complications
  3. July 15, 2008 - Men may need to work harder to cut diabetes risk
  4. July 15, 2008 - Diabetes Could Be A Hidden Condition For Heart Disease Patients - also here, here
  5. July 16, 2008 - Can Diet Alone Control Type 2 Diabetes? No Evidence Yet - also here
  6. July 18, 2008 - 'Snapshots' Of Eyes Could Serve As Early Warning Of Diabetes - also here
  7. July 18, 2008 - Mom's diabetes tied to early diabetes in offspring
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - An alternative to chemotherapy: Nanoparticles tackle pediatric brain tumors
  2. July 16, 2008 - Nanoencapsulation Of Low Soluable Cancer Drugs
  3. July 16, 2008 - Using magnetic nanoparticles to combat cancer - also here
  4. July 16, 2008 - Quantum Rod System May Safely 'Sneak' Drugs, Diagnostics into Brain
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. July 14, 2008 - Exercise 'slows down Alzheimer's'
  2. July 15, 2008 - Exercise May Prevent Brain Shrinkage In Early Alzheimer's Disease - also here
  3. July 15, 2008 - Physical fitness may slow Alzheimer brain atrophy
  4. July 16, 2008 - New System Detects Dementia Risk Among Highly Educated Older Adults
  5. July 16, 2008 - Scientists Reduce Alzheimer's-like Plaques In Fly Brain - also here, here
  6. July 17, 2008 - Alzheimer's vaccine stopped plaque, not dementia
  7. July 18, 2008 - Alzheimer's Drug Reverses Cognitive Decline Over 12 Month Period In Early Human Testing
  8. July 18, 2008 - Early study reveals promising Alzheimer's disease treatment
  9. July 18, 2008 - Calcium may be the key to understanding Alzheimer's disease - also here, here
  10. July 18, 2008 - Alzheimer's drug trial 'promise'
  11. July 18, 2008 - Alzheimer's Research Brings Progress, Setbacks
  12. July 19, 2008 - Alzheimer's Early Detection: Biomarkers Identify Early Onset Of Disease, Before Symptoms Appear - also here
  13. July 20, 2008 - Drug restores speech in Alzheimer's: experts worry
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. July 15, 2008 - Obesity ups a woman's pancreatic cancer risk: study
  2. July 15, 2008 - Mitochondrial Cholesterol Makes Response To Chemotherapy Difficult In Hepatic Cancer
  3. July 15, 2008 - Researchers Hone Technique To KO Pediatric Brain Tumors
  4. July 15, 2008 - Tumor-inhibiting Protein Could Be Effective In Treating Leukemia - also here
  5. July 15, 2008 - Possible Link Found Between X-rays And Prostate Cancer - also here, here
  6. July 15, 2008 - Obesity 'hikes' pancreatic risk
  7. July 16, 2008 - Surgery may be option for advanced liver cancer
  8. July 16, 2008 - MDCT, Virtual Gastroscopy And MPR Images Differentiate Malignant And Benign Gastric Ulcers - also here
  9. July 17, 2008 - Analgesic drugs don't reduce ovarian cancer risk
  10. July 17, 2008 - TG2 Identified As Potential Therapeutic Target In Chemo-resistant Ovarian Cancer
  11. July 18, 2008 - Antidepressants linked to non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  12. July 18, 2008 - Brain Cancer Study: Magnitude Of Post-vaccine Immune Response Linked To Clinical Outcomes - also here
  13. July 19, 2008 - Cancer Researchers Call For Ethnicity To Be Taken Into Account - also here
  14. July 20, 2008 - Gene test for lung cancer aggressiveness sought
  15. July 20, 2008 - Protein Found To Identify Malignant Melanoma - also here
  16. July 20, 2008 - Predicting Outcomes For Stomach Cancer Patients - also here
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. July 15, 2008 - Diabetes makes people more vulnerable to TB: study
  2. July 15, 2008 - Diabetes Increases Risk Of Tuberculosis, Studies Show - also here
  3. July 15, 2008 - Ancient bones may hold clues to TB
  4. July 15, 2008 - Excavated Jericho Bones May Help Israeli-Palestinian-German Team Combat Tuberculosis - also here
  5. July 16, 2008 - Ancient bones could yield TB clue
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. July 15, 2008 - Stem cells are good for the brain
  2. July 18, 2008 - Stem Cells Heal Chronic Inflammation In The Gut
  3. July 18, 2008 - Study identifies cells for spinal-cord repair
  4. July 18, 2008 - Human blood vessels grown in mice
  5. July 19, 2008 - Cells from humans grow blood vessels in mice: study
  6. July 19, 2008 - Researchers grow human blood vessels in mice from adult progenitor cells - also here, here
  7. July 20, 2008 - Stem Cell Chicken and Egg Debate Moves to Unlikely Arena: The Testes
Background


Diet comparison

References:
  1. July 16, 2008 - Similar weight loss on 3 different, popular diets
  2. July 16, 2008 - Low-carbohydrate and Mediterranean diets outperform low-fat regimen in two-year trial
  3. July 16, 2008 - Study: Low-carb diet best for weight, cholesterol - also here
  4. July 17, 2008 - Low-fat Diets May Not Be Best For Weight Loss, Study Suggests - also here
  5. July 17, 2008 - Low-fat diet not tops for weight loss, study finds
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. July 16, 2008 - Malaria drug may be fueling antibiotic resistance
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. July 16, 2008 - Newly Described 'Dragon' Protein Could Be Key To Bird Flu Cure - also here, here
  2. July 17, 2008 - Vical says its DNA vaccine for bird flu works
  3. July 18, 2008 - Booster Vaccination May Help With Possible Future Avian Influenza Pandemic - also here, here
Background, Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. July 16, 2008 - Incorrectly Cleaved Protein Leads To Schizophrenia - also here
  2. July 18, 2008 - Partially Shared Genetic Profile Between Schizophrenia And Bipolar Disorder - also here
Background


Obesity, epigenetics, and the hypothalamus

References:
  1. July 16, 2008 - Overweight Mothers Give Birth To Offspring Who Become Heavy, Amplifying Obesity Through Generations - also here
  2. July 16, 2008 - Gene tags 'fuel obesity epidemic'
Background, Background


Obsessive compulsive disorder

References:
  1. July 17, 2008 - Brain region linked to obsessive disorder risk - also here
  2. July 17, 2008 - Obsessed Brains May Be Sluggish
  3. July 18, 2008 - Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Linked To Brain Activity - also here
  4. July 18, 2008 - Scan 'detects obsessive disorder'
Background, Background


Autism

References:
  1. July 17, 2008 - Aloof parents may produce autistic children
  2. July 17, 2008 - Further Evidence For Genetic Contribution To Autism - also here, here
  3. July 20, 2008 - Nature-Nurture Gene Link Sheds New Light On Autism - also here
Background


Antidepressants

References:
  1. July 17, 2008 - Gene Variations In Diverse Patient Populations Determine Who Responds Best To An Antidepressant
  2. July 17, 2008 - New Study Replicates Association Between Genetic Variation And Antidepressant Treatment Response - also here, here
Background


Autoimmune diseases

References:
  1. July 17, 2008 - Gene Signatures For Scleroderma Discovered - also here, here
  2. July 18, 2008 - Could arthritis wonder drugs provide clues for all disease?
Background


Obesity-related genes

References:
  1. July 18, 2008 - Gene Produces Hormones That Lead To Obesity - also here
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. July 19, 2008 - Improved Culture System For Hepatitis C Virus Infection - also here
Background


Copyright © 2008 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved