Open Questions Chronicle

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Volume 7, Number 25
June 23, 2008

Physical sciences and technology

Extrasolar planets
Star formation in protogalaxies
Water on Mars
Brain-machine interface
Quantum nonlocality
Bose-Einstein condensates
Planet formation
Molecular switch
Axions
Hydrogen storage
Solar cells
Black holes
Binary stars
Global warming
Quantum computing
Rapid climate change
Nanotechnology
Exciton-based circuits
Proton-electron mass ratio
SETI
Stellar masses
Rapid changes in Earth's core
Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope
Earliest liquid water on Earth

Life sciences

Mirror neurons and erections
Chromatin
Pontine neuron migration
Brain-imaging studies
Induced pluripotent stem cells
Cancer biology
Lipidomics
Extremophiles
Viral infection
Protein shapes
Brain reward systems
Language and number sense
Long-term potentiation
Bacterial signaling
Homosexuality and sexual selection
Immune response to viruses
Gene transcription
Somite formation
Computer simulation of drug effects
Bacterial flagella
Colinergic synapses
Amphioxus
Bacterial toxin effectors
Advanced planning capacities of apes
Insulin signaling in the brain
Bacterial infection mechanism
Astrocytes
Phagocytes and ion channels
Embryonic cell migration
DNA mutations in yeast
Molecular evolution
Evolution of sex differences in gene expression in the brain
Insulin signaling in fat cells
Amphibian immune systems
Serotonin, synapses, and learning
Biochemical switches
Squirrel polyandry
Selfish genes

Health and medicine

Diabetes
Cardiovascular disease
Resveratrol
Cancer
Inflammatory bowel disease
Malaria
Depression
Rheumatoid arthritis
Avian flu
Tissue engineering
Diabetes and depression
Alzheimer's disease
Psoriasis
Nanobiotechnology
Gene therapy
AIDS
Lifestyle and oncogene expression
Exercise and BDNF
Anti-inflammatories
Brain activity in schizophrenia
Stem cells
Multiple sclerosis
Sleep needs
T cells and autoimmune disease
Metabolic syndrome
Memory loss and high-fat diet
Prions
Lifestyle, gene activity, and insulin resistance
Leptin and weight loss
Regenerative medicine
Obesity
Health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids
Inflammation and atherosclerosis
Antibiotics
Measles virus
Obesity and diabetes



Physical sciences and technology


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - A Trio of Super-Earths - also here, here, here
  2. June 16, 2008 - Astronomers find batch of "super-Earths"
  3. June 16, 2008 - Trio of super-Earths found around Milky Way star
  4. June 16, 2008 - Three "Super-Earths" Found Orbiting Sun-Like Star
  5. June 16, 2008 - Astronomers have discovered the first known system of three superEarths beyond the solar system
  6. June 16, 2008 - Three-of-a-kind planets found
  7. June 16, 2008 - Three Super-Earths Found Orbiting One Star
  8. June 16, 2008 - Trio of 'super-Earths' discovered
  9. June 16, 2008 - Astronomers discover clutch of 'super-Earths' - also here
  10. June 17, 2008 - Clutch of super-Earths discovered
  11. June 17, 2008 - Astronomers Find "Super Earths" Circling a Star
  12. June 17, 2008 - One in Three Stars May Have Super-Earths
  13. June 18, 2008 - Scientists could use scattered light to identify habitable extrasolar planets
Background


Star formation in protogalaxies

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - Supernovae blasts kickstarted stars in early galaxies
Background, Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - Mars lander may have found ice at polygon's edge
  2. June 17, 2008 - Mars team ponders whether lander sees ice or salt - also here
  3. June 19, 2008 - Scientists believe Mars lander exposed ice crumbs - also here
  4. June 20, 2008 - NASA spacecraft finds ice on Mars
  5. June 20, 2008 - Phoenix lander uncovers ice on Mars
  6. June 20, 2008 - Phoenix Touches Martian Ice
  7. June 20, 2008 - Mars Lander Finds Ice, NASA Says
  8. June 20, 2008 - Disappearance of mystery chunks hints at evaporation, and thus presence of ice
  9. June 20, 2008 - Bright Chunks At Phoenix Lander's Mars Site Must Have Been Ice
  10. June 20, 2008 - Yes, there's ice on Mars
  11. June 20, 2008 - When water gushed on Mars
  12. June 20, 2008 - Scientists feel sure of ice on Mars
  13. June 20, 2008 - Proof! Water Ice Found on Mars
  14. June 20, 2008 - Mars probe makes 'ice discovery'
  15. June 20, 2008 - White Patches Found in Mars Trench Are Ice, Scientists Say
  16. June 20, 2008 - Scientists Ponder Whether Ice on Mars Ever Melted - also here
  17. June 20, 2008 - Disappearing Bright Specks Show Mars Has Ice, NASA Says
  18. June 21, 2008 - Lander Finds Ice on Mars, Scientists Say
  19. June 22, 2008 - Phoenix Mars Lander Confirms Frozen Water On Red Planet
  20. June 23, 2008 - Phoenix finds ice on Mars
  21. June 25, 2008 - Phoenix digger uncovers ice in Martian soil
Background


Brain-machine interface

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - Using Brainwaves To Chat And Stroll Through Second Life: World's First
Background


Quantum nonlocality

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - World's Largest Quantum Bell Test Spans Three Swiss Towns
Background


Bose-Einstein condensates

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - Disorder puts the brakes on matter waves
Background


Planet formation

References:
  1. June 17, 2008 - Newly discovered superEarth systems support the standard model of planet formation
  2. June 20, 2008 - Chemical Clues Point To Dusty Origin For Earth-like Planets - also here
Background


Molecular switch

References:
  1. June 17, 2008 - Physicists Model Single Molecular Switch - also here
Background


Axions

References:
  1. June 17, 2008 - Sun Might Hold Secret of Dark Matter
Background


Hydrogen storage

References:
  1. June 18, 2008 - Promising Step Towards More Effective Hydrogen Storage - also here, here
Background


Solar cells

References:
  1. June 18, 2008 - Perfecting A Solar Cell By Adding Imperfections - also here, here
  2. June 21, 2008 - Getting Wrapped Up In Solar Textiles
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. June 18, 2008 - Black Holes Have Simple Feeding Habits - also here, here
  2. June 23, 2008 - Black Holes All Eat the Same Way
Background


Binary stars

References:
  1. June 18, 2008 - Twin Stars Born 500,000 Years Apart
  2. June 19, 2008 - Twin Stars Not So Identical
  3. June 22, 2008 - Newly Born Twin Stars Are Far From Identical - also here, here
  4. June 30, 2008 - Orion twins show not all are identical
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. June 18, 2008 - Arctic sea ice melt 'even faster'
  2. June 19, 2008 - Ocean review finds warming on the rise
  3. June 19, 2008 - Oceans warming faster than we thought
  4. June 19, 2008 - Ocean Temperatures And Sea Level Increases 50 Percent Higher Than Previously Estimated - also here, here
  5. June 19, 2008 - Ocean warming on the rise
  6. June 19, 2008 - Extreme weather to increase with climate change
  7. June 19, 2008 - Scientists: Weather extremes consistent with global warming
  8. June 20, 2008 - North Pole May Be Ice Free for First Time This Summer
  9. June 20, 2008 - Expect More Droughts, Heavy Downpours, Excessive Heat, And Intense Hurricanes Due To Global Warming, NOAA
  10. June 20, 2008 - Report on Climate Predicts Extremes
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. June 18, 2008 - Tight knots make qubits
  2. June 20, 2008 - Diamonds offer cool computer solution
Background


Rapid climate change

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - Greenland Ice Shows Rapid Climate Flips, Study Says
  2. June 19, 2008 - Ancient ice cores show North Atlantic went from cold to warm in just three years
  3. June 19, 2008 - Greenland Ice Core Analysis Shows Drastic Climate Change Near End Of Last Ice Age - also here, here
  4. June 19, 2008 - Ice cores map dynamics of sudden climate changes
  5. June 23, 2008 - Ice Core Reveals How Quickly Climate Can Change
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - Harnessing the power of light to pattern surfaces on the nanoscale - also here, here
Background, Background


Exciton-based circuits

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - 'Excitonic integrated circuit' is a first
  2. June 21, 2008 - Exciton-Based Circuits Eliminate A 'Speed Trap' Between Computing And Communication Signals - also here
Background, Background


Proton-electron mass ratio

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - Earth's laws still apply in distant Universe - also here, here
  2. June 20, 2008 - Changing physical constant may be constant after all
  3. June 20, 2008 - Experimenting in a galaxy far, far away
  4. July 14, 2008 - Particles Retain Weight for Billions of Years - also here
Background


SETI

References:
  1. June 20, 2008 - Life in outer space? Astronomers hunt aliens
Background


Stellar masses

References:
  1. June 20, 2008 - The Most Massive Star Yet?
Background


Rapid changes in Earth's core

References:
  1. June 20, 2008 - Surprisingly Rapid Changes In Earth's Core Discovered
  2. June 30, 2008 - Earth's Core, Magnetic Field Changing Fast, Study Says
  3. July 8, 2008 - Surprisingly rapid changes in the Earth's core discovered - also here
Background


Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope

References:
  1. June 20, 2008 - GLAST Safely in Orbit, Getting Check-ups - also here
Background


Earliest liquid water on Earth

References:
  1. June 20, 2008 - Ancient mineral reveals earth's watery past
Background



Life sciences


Mirror neurons and erections

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - Mirror neurons control erection response to porn
Background


Chromatin

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - New Insights Into How Genes Are Governed And Why They Sometimes Go Wrong - also here
Background


Pontine neuron migration

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - Hox Genes Control Path Of Neurons Responsible For Nervous System Development
Background, Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - Gay men, straight women share brain detail: report
  2. June 16, 2008 - Gay brains structured like those of the opposite sex
  3. June 16, 2008 - Scans see 'gay brain differences'
  4. June 16, 2008 - Study Says Brains of Gay Men and Women Are Similar
  5. June 17, 2008 - Gay men and straight women have similar brains, study says
  6. June 18, 2008 - Symmetry Of Homosexual Brain Resembles That Of Opposite Sex, Swedish Study Finds - also here
  7. June 19, 2008 - Technology unlocks the silent mind
  8. June 20, 2008 - Developing Unique Brain Maps To Assist Surgery And Research - also here, here
  9. June 22, 2008 - Addicted To Grief? Chronic Grief Activates Pleasure Areas Of The Brain - also here, here
  10. June 26, 2008 - Why It's Hard to Say Goodbye
  11. July 17, 2008 - Addicted to Grief?
Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - Reprogramming ups mortality?
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. June 17, 2008 - Novel Targeted Therapy Reduces Chemoresistance In Mouse Model Of Melanoma
  2. June 20, 2008 - Absence or low function of CHFR gene in breast cells sets stage for abnormal cell division and cancer - also here, here
  3. June 21, 2008 - New Inhibitors Of Estrogen-dependent Breast Cancer Cells - also here
Background


Lipidomics

References:
  1. June 17, 2008 - Europe-wide investment in lipid research will help tackle disease, says new report
Background


Extremophiles

References:
  1. June 17, 2008 - Unique protein from an extremophilic organism discovered
Background


Viral infection

References:
  1. June 17, 2008 - Scientists discover DNA knot keeps viral genes tightly corked inside shell - also here
Background


Protein shapes

References:
  1. June 17, 2008 - NMR sheds new light on protein interactions
Background


Brain reward systems

References:
  1. June 18, 2008 - The essence of happiness
Background


Language and number sense

References:
  1. June 18, 2008 - A Brazilian group may grasp exact quantities without naming them
  2. July 15, 2008 - Language Without Numbers: Amazonian Tribe Has No Word To Express 'One,' Other Numbers
Background, Background


Long-term potentiation

References:
  1. June 18, 2008 - New Research On Octopuses Sheds Light On Memory - also here
Background


Bacterial signaling

References:
  1. June 18, 2008 - Unraveling Bacteria Communication Pathways
Background


Homosexuality and sexual selection

References:
  1. June 18, 2008 - Male Homosexuality Can Be Explained Through A Specific Model Of Darwinian Evolution, Study Shows - also here, here
  2. June 18, 2008 - "Gay Genes" May Be Good for Women
Background


Immune response to viruses

References:
  1. June 18, 2008 - New Cellular Mechanism That Will Significantly Advance Vaccine Development Discovered - also here, here
Background


Gene transcription

References:
  1. June 18, 2008 - New Role for Factor Critical to Transcription Identified - also here, here
Background


Somite formation

References:
  1. June 18, 2008 - Growing a backbone
  2. June 19, 2008 - Mechanism Contributing To Appropriate Formation Of The Spine Discovered - also here
Background


Computer simulation of drug effects

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - "Virtual man" may ease drug R&D woes: report
Background


Bacterial flagella

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - Bacterial engines have their own clutch
  2. June 20, 2008 - Microscopic 'clutch' puts flagellum in neutral - also here, here
Background


Colinergic synapses

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - The APCs Of Nerve Cell Function - also here
Background


Amphioxus

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - Worm-like Marine Animal Providing Fresh Clues About Human Evolution - also here
  2. June 19, 2008 - Genome sequence of lancelet shows how genes quadrupled during vertebrate evolution
Background


Bacterial toxin effectors

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - Test Of Bacteria Toxin Delivery System Could Pave Way For New Antibiotic Drugs - also here
Background, Background


Advanced planning capacities of apes

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - Great Apes Think Ahead: Conclusive Evidence Of Advanced Planning Capacities - also here
Background


Insulin signaling in the brain

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - Neuroscientists Show Insulin Receptor Signaling Regulates Structure and Function of Brain Circuits - also here, here
Background, Background


Bacterial infection mechanism

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - Researchers discover Legionnaire microbe's tricks
Background


Astrocytes

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - Mystery behind brain imaging unlocked - also here
  2. June 19, 2008 - New role for supporting brain cells
  3. June 20, 2008 - Mysterious Brain Cells Linked to Blood Flow
  4. June 28, 2008 - How Neural Activity Spurs Blood Flow In The Brain - also here, here
  5. July 11, 2008 - Often-ignored brain cells regulate blood flow and make fMRI possible
Background, Background


Phagocytes and ion channels

References:
  1. June 20, 2008 - Toward Designing Medications To Enhance Innate Immunity: A Single VSOP Can Do 'Proton' Magic
Background


Embryonic cell migration

References:
  1. June 20, 2008 - Zebra's Stripes, Butterfly's Wings: How Do Biological Patterns Emerge?
Background


DNA mutations in yeast

References:
  1. June 20, 2008 - New research on mutation in yeast can enhance understanding of human diseases - also here, here
Background, Background


Molecular evolution

References:
  1. June 20, 2008 - Scientists fix bugs in our understanding of evolution - also here, here
Background


Evolution of sex differences in gene expression in the brain

References:
  1. June 20, 2008 - Researchers find an evolutionarily preserved signature in the primate brain - also here, here
  2. June 20, 2008 - Researchers find an evolutionarily preserved signature in the primate brain
Background


Insulin signaling in fat cells

References:
  1. June 20, 2008 - Systems properties of insulin signaling revealed - also here, here
Background


Amphibian immune systems

References:
  1. June 20, 2008 - New findings on immune system in amphibians - also here, here
Background


Serotonin, synapses, and learning

References:
  1. June 20, 2008 - Study of marine snail leads to new insights into long-term memory - also here, here
Background, Background


Biochemical switches

References:
  1. June 20, 2008 - Supercomputer explores biochemical landscape to find memory switches - also here
Background


Squirrel polyandry

References:
  1. June 20, 2008 - When it comes to female red squirrels, it seems any male will do - also here, here
  2. July 7, 2008 - Female red squirrels opt for quantity over quality
Background


Selfish genes

References:
  1. June 22, 2008 - New Discovery Proves 'Selfish Gene' Exists - also here, here
Background, Background



Health and medicine


Diabetes

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - Hearing loss seen as common diabetes complication
  2. June 16, 2008 - Moderate exercise extends survival in overweight diabetes patients
  3. June 17, 2008 - Having Certain Type Of Herpes Virus Antibodies Linked With Form Of Diabetes In Sub-Saharan Africans
  4. June 17, 2008 - Hearing Loss Is Twice As Common In People With Diabetes Compared To Those WIthout The Disease - also here
  5. June 18, 2008 - Herpes may trigger unusual form of diabetes: study
  6. June 18, 2008 - Laparoscopic weight-loss surgery improves health of morbidly obese teens
  7. June 18, 2008 - Weight Loss Plays Key Role in Diabetes Improvement Following Bariatric Surgery
  8. June 19, 2008 - A radical technique for treating diabetes could recruit cells in the gut to make insulin
  9. June 19, 2008 - Some Adults With Type 1 Diabetes Have Beta Cells, Live Complication-free Even 50 Years After Diagnosis - also here
  10. June 20, 2008 - Lap band surgery improves health of obese teens
  11. June 20, 2008 - Weight loss after gastric bypass controls diabetes
  12. June 20, 2008 - Minimally-invasive Weight Loss Surgery Improves Health And Morbidly Obese Teens - also here
  13. June 22, 2008 - Poor Children More Likely To Develop Diabetes As Adults
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - Study helps explain wide response to statins
  2. June 16, 2008 - Cholesterol indicates if HRT would be heart-safe
  3. June 16, 2008 - Guzzling coffee may cut heart disease
  4. June 16, 2008 - Good news for coffeeholics
  5. June 16, 2008 - Many Die Of Heart Attacks Without Prior History Or Symptoms: PET Imaging Can Offer Early Warning - also here
  6. June 17, 2008 - Time to rethink blood pressure tests: experts
  7. June 17, 2008 - Coffee Drinkers Have Slightly Lower Death Rates, Study Finds - also here
  8. June 17, 2008 - Hypertension treatment effective in reversing vascular damage
  9. June 18, 2008 - Chinese remedy seen beneficial after heart attack
  10. June 18, 2008 - Gene Variation May Be Why Some Don't Respond To Cholesterol-lowering Drugs - also here
  11. June 18, 2008 - Blood Pressure Levels In Childhood Track Into Adulthood - also here
  12. June 18, 2008 - Cholesterol genes 'protect heart'
  13. June 19, 2008 - Rate-control Recommended For Patients With Atrial Fibrillation And Congestive Heart Failure, Study Suggests - also here, here
  14. June 19, 2008 - New discoveries get to the heart of cardiovascular disease - also here
  15. June 21, 2008 - Researchers find new ways to regulate genes, reduce heart damage also - here, here
  16. June 22, 2008 - Leukemia pill may improve stroke treatment: study
  17. June 22, 2008 - Stroke study reveals key target for improving treatment and suggests that Gleevec may help
  18. June 22, 2008 - Leukemia drug could save lives of stroke patients
  19. June 22, 2008 - Apnea may end healthy dip in blood pressure
Background


Resveratrol

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - Red wine component resveratrol might fight obesity, lab tests show
  2. June 17, 2008 - Red Wine's Resveratrol May Help Battle Obesity - also here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - Modulated Radiotherapy Can Cut Treatment Time For Cancer Of The Rectum Without Increasing Toxicity
  2. June 16, 2008 - PET/CT Scan Could Be Valuable Noninvasive Tool For Determining Stages Of Ovarian Cancer - also here
  3. June 16, 2008 - New Research Shows Potential Of Targeted Therapies For Cancer
  4. June 16, 2008 - Individualized Therapies For Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma - also here
  5. June 16, 2008 - Low Melatonin Associated with Increased Risk of Breast Cancer in Postmenopausal Women
  6. June 17, 2008 - Radiation helps even when prostate cancer returns
  7. June 17, 2008 - Radiation may help after prostate cancer setback
  8. June 17, 2008 - New inhibitors of breast cancer cells identified
  9. June 17, 2008 - Weight Loss After Gastric Bypass Surgery May Protect Against Infection And Cancer - also here, here
  10. June 18, 2008 - Vitamin D helps colorectal cancer patients: study
  11. June 18, 2008 - New Study Shows Potential To Treat Or Prevent Viral Cancers - also here
  12. June 18, 2008 - New Therapy Shows Promise For Fighting Treatment-resistant Cancer Cells - also here
  13. June 18, 2008 - Inherited melanoma risk: What you do know does help you - also here, here
  14. June 18, 2008 - Gene mutation improves leukemia drug's effect - also here, here
  15. June 18, 2008 - Seven biomarkers that may help pinpoint prostate cancer recurrence identified - also here
  16. June 18, 2008 - UF scientists to work with German firm in prostate cancer treatment research
  17. June 18, 2008 - Clone cell cancer 'cure' hailed
  18. June 18, 2008 - Body's Own Immune Cells Whack Late-Stage Tumor
  19. June 19, 2008 - Approach enlists immune system to fight leukemia
  20. June 19, 2008 - Study finds weight-loss surgery cuts cancer risk
  21. June 19, 2008 - Cancer patient cured with his own immune system
  22. June 19, 2008 - Computer Predicts Anti-cancer Molecules - also here
  23. June 19, 2008 - New Cancer Treatment Targets Both Tumor Cells And Blood Vessels - also here, here
  24. June 19, 2008 - New Possibilities For Breast Cancer Treatment On The Horizon - also here
  25. June 19, 2008 - Patient's Own Infection-fighting T Cells Put Late-stage Melanoma Into Long-term Remission - also here
  26. June 19, 2008 - Weight-loss Surgery Can Cut Cancer Risk, Study Shows
  27. June 19, 2008 - Improving understanding of cell behaviour in breast cancer - also here, here, here, here, here July 18, 2008 - Improving Understanding Of Cell Behavior In Breast Cancer
  28. June 19, 2008 - Gastric bypass surgery cuts cancer risk, researchers say
  29. June 19, 2008 - Man with Deadly Skin Cancer Saved by New Treatment - also here
  30. June 20, 2008 - Vitamin D Linked To Colon Cancer Survival - also here
  31. June 20, 2008 - Experimental Anti-cancer Synthetic Molecule Targets Tumor Cell Growth And Angiogenesis - also here, here
  32. June 20, 2008 - Radiation Therapy Prolongs Life In Men With Recurrent Prostate Cancer - also here, here
  33. June 20, 2008 - Math could help cure leukemia - also here, here
  34. June 20, 2008 - Weight-loss surgery can cut cancer risk
  35. June 20, 2008 - Combining math and medicine to treat leukemia
  36. June 20, 2008 - Personalized medicine initiative targets lung cancer
  37. June 21, 2008 - Wavelets Crunch Through Doctors' Day Long Struggle To Diagnose Brain Tumors - also here
  38. June 21, 2008 - New Weapon For Attacking Tumor Invasion And Metastasis
  39. June 22, 2008 - Leukaemia virus may protect against stomach cancer
  40. June 22, 2008 - Researchers See Alternative To Common Colorectal Cancer Drug - also here, here
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - Study Underway To Find An Alternative Cure For Crohn's Disease And Ulcerative Colitis - also here, here
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - Better Treatments For Malaria In Pregnancy Are Needed - also here
  2. June 16, 2008 - Plasmodium Vivax -- Challenging The Dogma Of Being 'Benign' - also here
Background


Depression

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - Groundbreaking Depression Research Being Tested In Real-world Setting
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - Rheumatoid arthritis factors equal to cardiovascular factors in risk of severe cardiovascular events
  2. June 16, 2008 - CV risk management should be mandatory in RA and other types of inflammatory rheumatic disease
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - Sanofi gives 60 mln H5N1 flu vaccine shots to WHO
  2. June 17, 2008 - Australia approves local-made bird flu vaccine
  3. June 19, 2008 - Two women die from bird flu in Indonesia: WHO
  4. June 20, 2008 - Bird flu mistaken as dengue and typhoid in Indonesia
  5. June 21, 2008 - US health official says flu threat high - also here
Background


Tissue engineering

References:
  1. June 16, 2008 - Nanotech to Regrow Cartilage and Soothe Aching Knees
Background, Background


Diabetes and depression

References:
  1. June 17, 2008 - Study finds depression can trigger diabetes
  2. June 17, 2008 - Diabetes linked to depression risk and vice versa
  3. June 18, 2008 - Diabetes, depression linked
  4. June 20, 2008 - Depression And Diabetes: Fellow Travelers, Researchers Say - also here
Background, Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. June 17, 2008 - Elan, Wyeth drug helps some Alzheimer's patients
  2. June 18, 2008 - Grape Seed Extract May Reduce Cognitive Decline Associated With Alzheimer's Disease - also here, here
  3. June 18, 2008 - Known genetic risk for Alzheimer's in whites also places blacks at risk - also here, here
  4. June 18, 2008 - Team targets faster Alzheimer's detection
  5. June 19, 2008 - Molecular Imaging Sheds New Light On Progression Of Alzheimer's Disease - also here
  6. June 19, 2008 - Promising Alzheimer's drug approved for late-stage trials
  7. June 22, 2008 - Advance Towards Early Alzheimer's Diagnosis - also here, here
  8. June 22, 2008 - New Clue to Alzheimer's Found in Form of Protein - also here, here
Background


Psoriasis

References:
  1. June 17, 2008 - FDA panel backs proposed J&J psoriasis drug
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. June 17, 2008 - Carbon nanotubes, used with near-infrared light and antibodies, hold promise for treating malignancies
  2. June 17, 2008 - Nanotechnology, Biomolecules And Light Unite To 'Cook' Cancer Cells - also here
  3. June 19, 2008 - 'Nanohorns' could prod immune system into action
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. June 17, 2008 - Gene Therapy Improves Survival And Quality Of Life Of Dogs With Cancer
  2. June 19, 2008 - First Gene Therapy For Heart Failure Offered In Clinical Trials - also here, here
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. June 17, 2008 - Protein Linked To Alzheimer's Disease Also Has Role In HIV Progression - also here
Background


Lifestyle and oncogene expression

References:
  1. June 17, 2008 - Can Lifestyle Changes Bring Out the Best in Genes?
  2. June 18, 2008 - Healthy lifestyle triggers genetic changes: study - also here
  3. June 18, 2008 - Healthy lifestyle turns off genes that cause cancer
Background, Background, Background


Exercise and BDNF

References:
  1. June 18, 2008 - Aerobic Exercise Increases A Blood Protein That May Suppress Appetite
  2. June 18, 2008 - Exercise increases protein that may curb appetite
Background


Anti-inflammatories

References:
  1. June 18, 2008 - Anti-inflammatory Effects Of Pomegranate In Rabbits: A Potential Treatment In Humans?
Background


Brain activity in schizophrenia

References:
  1. June 18, 2008 - Patterns Of Normal Brain Activity May Predispose Individuals To Different Symptoms Of Psychosis - also here
Background, Background, Background


Multiple sclerosis


Stem cells

References:
  1. June 18, 2008 - Ability To Track Stem Cells In Tumors Could Advance Cancer Treatments - also here
  2. June 18, 2008 - Key Developmental Pathway Activates Lung Stem Cells - also here, here
  3. June 18, 2008 - Adult Stem Cells Aid Fracture Healing - also here
  4. June 22, 2008 - New source of heart stem cells discovered - also here, here
  5. June 23, 2008 - New stem cells can make heart muscle
Background

References:

  1. June 19, 2008 - Study shows Teva's laquinimod slows MS
  2. June 20, 2008 - New oral drug curbs MS disease activity
  3. June 20, 2008 - Promising trials for new MS pill
Background


Sleep needs

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - Why brainy animals need more REM sleep after all
Background


T cells and autoimmune disease

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - A receptor on infection-fighting cells may be a novel target for drugs that fight autoimmune disease
  2. June 19, 2008 - Scientists find potential new way to block inflammation in autoimmune disease - also here
Background, Background


Metabolic syndrome

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - Gene Variants Linked To Metabolic Syndrome And HDL Cholesterol Levels - also here
  2. June 20, 2008 - Low Testosterone May Cause Health Problems That Lead To Erectile Dysfunction
Background, Background, Background


Memory loss and high-fat diet

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - Memory Loss Linked To Poor Diet, Study Suggests
Background, Background


Prions

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - Infectious And Non-infectious Prions Have Clear Differences In Molecular Structures - also here
Background


Lifestyle, gene activity, and insulin resistance

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - Lifestyle can alter gene activity, lead to insulin resistance - also here, here
Background, Background


Leptin and weight loss

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - Exercise Reduces Hunger In Lean Women But Not Obese Women - also here
  2. June 20, 2008 - Hormone may help dieters keep weight off: U.S. study
  3. June 21, 2008 - Low leptin levels undermine successful weight loss - also here, here
Background


Regenerative medicine

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - European Science Foundation aims to strengthen 'regenerative medicine'
Background, Background


Obesity

References:
  1. June 19, 2008 - 'Obesity' gene linked to eating more
  2. June 21, 2008 - Tracking obesity
  3. June 22, 2008 - Mom's High Fat Diet During Pregnancy May Be Key To Child's Weight Issues
Background


Health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids

References:
  1. June 20, 2008 - Smart Girls Eat Fish
Background


Inflammation and atherosclerosis

References:
  1. June 20, 2008 - Failure To Bridle Inflammation Spurs Atherosclerosis - also here, here
Background, Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. June 20, 2008 - Could new discovery about a shape-shifting protein lead to a mighty 'morpheein' bacteria fighter? - also here, here
Background


Measles virus

References:
  1. June 20, 2008 - Measles doesn't work in the way we thought
  2. June 22, 2008 - How Measles Virus Spreads: Discovery May Rewrite Textbooks - also here, here
Background, Background


Obesity and diabetes

References:
  1. June 21, 2008 - Common cooking spice shows promise in combating diabetes and obesity - also here, here
  2. June 22, 2008 - Striving To Break The Link Between Obesity And Diabetes
Background, Background


Copyright © 2008 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved