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Volume 7, Number 19
May 12, 2008

Physical sciences and technology

Automatic language translation
K-T mass extinction
Global warming
Dark energy
Quantum information
Cold quantum matter
Fuel cells
Extrasolar planets
Hurricanes and global warming
Black holes
Spintronics
Distribution of baryonic matter
Supercomputers for climate modeling
Climate modeling
Superconductivity
Nanotechnology
Carbon nanotubes
Hydrogen production
Atom lasers
Supercomputers
Squeezed light
Earthquakes
Galaxy collisions
Robotics
Quantum computing
Terahertz technology
Quantum cryptography

Life sciences

Human genome
Neanderthals
Cellular response to insulin
Protein kinases
Adiponectin and cancer
Biofilms
Cancer biology
Ghrelin, appetite, and memory
Longevity and bone health
Embryonic stem cells
Influenza viral polymerase
Autophagy
Introns, gene expression, and cancer
Platypus genome
Centrosomes
Signaling and cell divivision
Evolution of protein structure
Learning in bacterial colonies
Epulopiscium
Brain-imaging studies
Neural competition
TORC, insulin signaling, and metabolism
Motor-cortex modeling
MicroRNA
Nucleosomes and gene transcription
Artificial Golgi apparatus
Transcription factors and cell division
Human cytomegalovirus
Neural control of stress response
Homo floresiensis
Genetic influence on blood protein levels
Emotional intensification of memory
Accurate chromosome duplication
Meiotic silencing

Health and medicine

Autism
Depression
Dementia
Alzheimer's disease
Genetic factors in obesity and insulin resistance
Cardiovascular disease
Cancer
AIDS
Virulence of Yersinia pestis
Benefits of subcutaneous fat
Avian flu
Diabetes
Alcohol and cocaine dependence
Obesity and dementia
Control of appetite and blood sugar
Nanobiotechnology
Stem cells and gene therapy
Rheumatoid arthritis
Tuberculosis
Stem cells
Schizophrenia
Dendritic cells and allergy
Prions
Antidepressants and natural killer cell activity
Gene therapy
Antidepressants
Antibiotic with neuroprotective properties
Malaria
Sleep and health



Physical sciences and technology


Automatic language translation

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - Bringing Down The Language Barrier ... Automatically
Background


K-T mass extinction

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - Asteroid Impact 65 Million Years Ago Triggered A Global Hail Of Carbon Beads - also here, here
  2. May 6, 2008 - Ancient Asteroid Impact Coated Earth in Blanket of Beads
  3. May 7, 2008 - Dinosaur killer may have struck oil
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - Freezing to show warming trend
Background


Dark energy

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - New value supports finding that dark energy does not vary with time
Background


Quantum information

References:
  1. May 6, 2008 - Quantum Mechanical Con Game: Winning Every Time - also here
  2. May 6, 2008 - Is quantum Internet search on the way?
Background


Cold quantum matter

References:
  1. May 6, 2008 - EUROCORES conference gives cold quantum matter a European twist
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. May 6, 2008 - More Efficient Fuel Cells, Thanks To A New Catalyst
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. May 6, 2008 - Record-Setting Laser May Boost Search For Earthlike Planets 100 Fold - also here, here
  2. May 9, 2008 - Planets by the Dozen
Background


Hurricanes and global warming

References:
  1. May 6, 2008 - Climate link with killer cyclones spurs fierce scientific debate - also here
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. May 6, 2008 - Black Hole Rips Apart Screaming Star
  2. May 9, 2008 - Astronomers begin search for 'vanishing' stars
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. May 6, 2008 - Weird electrons may shrink your laptop
Background


Distribution of baryonic matter

References:
  1. May 7, 2008 - A Smattering of Missing Matter
  2. May 7, 2008 - Part Of Universe's Missing Matter Discovered By XMM-Newton X-Ray Observatory - also here
  3. May 8, 2008 - Found! Missing matter in finger of gas
  4. May 9, 2008 - Probe finds missing baryonic matter
  5. May 12, 2008 - Piece of Missing Cosmic Matter Found
Background


Supercomputers for climate modeling

References:
  1. May 7, 2008 - New Breed Of Supercomputers Proposed To Improve Climate Change Prediction Accuracy - also here, here
  2. May 7, 2008 - Climate scientists call for their own 'Manhattan Project'
  3. May 9, 2008 - 76-teraflop Supercomputer Installed For Critical Research On Climate Change, Severe Weather - also here, here
Background, Background


Climate modeling

References:
  1. May 7, 2008 - Global climate models both agree and disagree with actual Antarctic data
  2. May 8, 2008 - Climate Models Overheat Antarctica, New Study Finds - also here
  3. May 9, 2008 - Sea changes could warn of Day After Tomorrow scenario
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. May 7, 2008 - A 'squeeze' in cuprates may explain superconducting temperatures - also here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. May 8, 2008 - Scientists Build Nano Hot Rods
  2. May 11, 2008 - Method For Integrating Nanowire Devices Directly Onto Silicon Developed - also here
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. May 8, 2008 - Nanotube Production Leaps From Sooty Mess In Test Tube To Ready Formed Chemical Microsensors - also here
  2. May 8, 2008 - Chemists Measure Chilli Sauce Hotness With Nanotubes - also here
  3. May 12, 2008 - The hot new nanotech: testing chillies
Background


Hydrogen production

References:
  1. May 8, 2008 - Hydrogen For Fuel Cells Extracted From Formic Acid At Room Temperature
Background


Atom lasers

References:
  1. May 8, 2008 - Atom laser makes its first measurement
Background, Background


Supercomputers

References:
  1. May 8, 2008 - NASA Supercomputer Looks to Blast Off
Background


Squeezed light

References:
  1. May 8, 2008 - Squeezed into Darkness
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. May 9, 2008 - A broad view of quake 'prediction'
Background


Galaxy collisions

References:
  1. May 9, 2008 - The Antennae Galaxies move closer - also here, here, here
  2. May 9, 2008 - "The Antennae" Fall Into Line
Background


Robotics

References:
  1. May 9, 2008 - Piecing Together The Next Generation Of Cognitive Robots - also here
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. May 9, 2008 - Quantum computers take step toward practicality with demonstration of new device
Background


Terahertz technology

References:
  1. May 10, 2008 - How Light Squeezes Through Small Holes: Detailed For First Time - also here
Background


Quantum cryptography

References:
  1. May 11, 2008 - Quantum Cryptography: Researchers Break 'Unbreakable' Crypto
Background



Life sciences


Human genome

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - Are There Missing Pieces to the Human Genome Project?
Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - Neanderthals were quite separate
Background


Cellular response to insulin

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - Not All Cells Respond The Same Way To Insulin
Background, Background


Protein kinases

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - Cloning Of A Key Group Of Human Genes, The Protein Kinases, Reported - also here
Background


Adiponectin and cancer

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - Gene Variations May Predict Risk Of Breast Cancer In Women - also here
Background


Biofilms

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - Bacterial Slime Helps Cause Serious Disease - also here, here
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - Anti-cancer gene shield discovery
  2. May 6, 2008 - Discovery of tenovins could lead to cancer cure
  3. May 7, 2008 - Unexpected Role: EGFR Protects Cancer Cells From Starving - also here, here
  4. May 7, 2008 - Interacting Proteins Key To Melanoma Development And Treatment Identified - also here, here
  5. May 8, 2008 - Combined Physical And Genetic Map Finds Cancer's 'Ignition Key' - also here
  6. May 8, 2008 - Switching on cancer killer gene
  7. May 9, 2008 - New Cancer Gene Found - also here
Background


Ghrelin, appetite, and memory

References:
  1. May 6, 2008 - Blocking brain enzyme helped mice stay slim
  2. May 6, 2008 - Hunger hormone helps memory
  3. May 6, 2008 - Hunger hormone: Makes food more attractive
  4. May 6, 2008 - Stomach hormone turns hungry people into junkies
  5. May 7, 2008 - Gut Hormone Makes Food Look Even Yummier - also here
Background, Background, Background


Longevity and bone health

References:
  1. May 6, 2008 - The Secret To Long Life May Not Be In The Genes - also here
Background


Embryonic stem cells

References:
  1. May 6, 2008 - How Gene Transcription Is Controlled In Embroyonic Stem Cells - also here
Background, Background


Influenza viral polymerase

References:
  1. May 6, 2008 - Getting Wise To Influenza Virus' Tricks: Imaging Of Influenza Virus Protein Opens Way To Design New Anti-viral Drugs
Background, Background


Autophagy

References:
  1. May 6, 2008 - Protein 'Nixes' Mitochrondria, Prompts Maturation Of Red Blood Cells - also here
Background


Introns, gene expression, and cancer

References:
  1. May 6, 2008 - Specific Gene Increases Susceptibility To Breast Cancer - also here
Background, Background


Platypus genome

References:
  1. May 7, 2008 - Platypus genome is as weird as its looks
  2. May 7, 2008 - Platypus Genome Explains Animal's Peculiar Features; Holds Clues To Evolution Of Mammals
  3. May 7, 2008 - Platypus genetic code unravelled
  4. May 7, 2008 - Platypus Genome Reveals Secrets of Mammal Evolution
  5. May 7, 2008 - Top billing for platypus at end of evolution tree
  6. May 8, 2008 - Australian platypus genome a link to evolution
  7. May 8, 2008 - What's Our Connection to the Platypus?
  8. May 8, 2008 - Platypus genome reveals much about sex
  9. May 8, 2008 - Platypus Genome Decoded
  10. May 8, 2008 - Scientists map the genetic makeup of the platypus - also here
  11. May 9, 2008 - Scientists Are Part of Consortium That Sequences Platypus Genome, Unlocking Secrets of Evolution
  12. May 13, 2008 - A Gene Map for the Cute Side of the Family
Background


Centrosomes

References:
  1. May 7, 2008 - New Evidence Suggests A Symbiogenetic Origin For The Centrosome - also here
Background


Signaling and cell division

References:
  1. May 7, 2008 - How Cells Communicate To Activate The Cell Division Machinery
Background, Background


Evolution of protein structure

References:
  1. May 7, 2008 - Researchers Tackling Unsolved Questions About Protein Structures
Background


Learning in bacterial colonies

References:
  1. May 8, 2008 - Bacteria 'can learn'
  2. May 9, 2008 - Pavlov's Bacteria?
  3. May 12, 2008 - Bacteria show their smarts?
  4. June 9, 2008 - Bacteria anticipate coming changes in their environment - also here, here, here
Background


Epulopiscium

References:
  1. May 8, 2008 - Giant bacterium carries thousands of genomes
  2. May 13, 2008 - 'Shaquille O'Neal' Of Bacteria Big Enough To See With Naked Eye
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. May 8, 2008 - Your Brain on Ethics
  2. May 9, 2008 - Improving Anxiety Treatment Through The Help Of Brain Imaging: A Potential Future Treatment Strategy - also here, here
  3. May 10, 2008 - Justice In The Brain: Equity And Efficiency Are Encoded Differently
  4. May 29, 2008 - How Fairness Is Wired In The Brain
Background


Neural competition

References:
  1. May 8, 2008 - Killer Competition: Neurons Duke It Out For Survival - also here
Background


TORC, insulin signaling, and metabolism

References:
  1. May 8, 2008 - Humans And Fruit Flies Have Same Insulin-regulated Molecular Pathway To Maintain Energy Balance When Starved
Background


Motor-cortex modeling

References:
  1. May 8, 2008 - Does The Brain Control Muscles Or Movements?
Background, Background


MicroRNA

References:
  1. May 8, 2008 - MicroRNAs Appear Essential For Retinal Health - also here, here
  2. May 11, 2008 - How Body Size Is Regulated - also here
Background


Nucleosomes and gene transcription

References:
  1. May 9, 2008 - Key Roadblock To Gene Expression Identified: Implications For AIDS - also here
Background


Artificial Golgi apparatus

References:
  1. May 9, 2008 - Undergrad Has Sweet Success With Invention Of Artificial Golgi - also here, here
Background, Background


Transcription factors and cell division

References:
  1. May 9, 2008 - Genetic 'Tag Team' Keeps Cells On Cycle - also here
Background


Human cytomegalovirus

References:
  1. May 10, 2008 - Virus Mimics Human Protein To Hijack Cell Division Machinery
Background, Background


Neural control of stress response

References:
  1. May 10, 2008 - Surprising Discovery: Multicellular Response Is 'All For One'
Background


Homo floresiensis

References:
  1. May 10, 2008 - Small islanders show no signs of growth disorder
Background


Genetic influence on blood protein levels

References:
  1. May 11, 2008 - New Study Shows How Genes Control Blood Proteins Important To Health - also here, here
Background


Emotional intensification of memory

References:
  1. May 11, 2008 - Why Emotional Memories Of Traumatic Life Events Are So Persistent
Background, Background


Accurate chromosome duplication

References:
  1. May 11, 2008 - Chromosome 'Lassoing': A New Key Mechanism In Cell Division
Background, Background


Meiotic silencing

References:
  1. May 11, 2008 - Bread Mold May Unlock Secret To Eliminating Disease-causing Genes - also here, here
Background



Health and medicine


Autism

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - Study links child's autism, parents' mental illness
  2. May 5, 2008 - Mental Disorders In Parents Linked To Autism In Children, Study Shows - also here, here
  3. May 7, 2008 - Study uses music to explore the autistic brain's emotion processing
  4. May 8, 2008 - Search for causes of autism begins
Background


Depression

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - Low vitamin D boosts depression risk in seniors
  2. May 6, 2008 - Low Blood Levels Of Vitamin D May Be Associated With Depression In Older Adults - also here, here
  3. May 7, 2008 - Antidepressants do work in depression while evidence for CBT is poorer say experts - also here
  4. May 8, 2008 - Depression Diversity: Brain Studies Reveal Big Differences Among Individuals - also here, here
Background


Dementia

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - Study links arms and legs with memory loss
  2. May 6, 2008 - Short Arms And Legs Linked To Risk Of Dementia, Study Shows - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - Long-term ibuprofen use cut Alzheimer's risk: study
  2. May 5, 2008 - Painkiller may cut dementia risk
  3. May 5, 2008 - Study links ibuprofen use to a reduced risk of Alzheimer's
  4. May 6, 2008 - Ibuprofen Linked To Reduced Risk Of Alzheimer's Disease - also here
  5. May 7, 2008 - Alzheimer's disease risks are gender specific
  6. May 8, 2008 - Plants' Flavonoids Have Beneficial Effect On Alzheimer's Disease, Study In Mice Suggests - also here, here
  7. May 8, 2008 - New Target For Alzheimer's Disease Identified - also here, here
Background


Genetic factors in obesity and insulin resistance

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - New DNA Variants Found That Can Help To Pile On The Pounds - also here
  2. May 5, 2008 - Gene sequence that can make half of us fatter is discovered
  3. May 6, 2008 - Genes 'up Indians' obesity risk'
  4. May 7, 2008 - Common gene variants linked to obesity
Background, Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - Heart Disease Discovery: New Mechanism Links Activation Of Key Heart Enzyme And Oxidative Stress
  2. May 5, 2008 - Is it your waistline or your genes that predispose you to heart disease?
  3. May 6, 2008 - B vitamins fail to cut heart risk in study
  4. May 6, 2008 - Calm The Heart To Stop A Stroke?
  5. May 6, 2008 - Genomic 'Fingerprint' Identified For Alcohol-induced Heart Failure - also here
  6. May 6, 2008 - 'Invisible' blockages hide women's heart attacks: study
  7. May 7, 2008 - Naturally-occuring Protein May Be Effective In Limiting Heart Attack Injury And Restoring Function - also here, here
  8. May 7, 2008 - Loss Of Protective Heart Failure Protein Causes High Blood Pressure - also here
  9. May 8, 2008 - Folic Acid, B Vitamins Not Linked To Reduced Risk Of Cardiovascular Events In High-risk Women - also here
  10. May 8, 2008 - Women And Heart Attack: Failure To Recognize Symptoms, Failure To Treat Appropriately, Study Finds
  11. May 9, 2008 - When Statins Aren't Enough: New Trial Drug Points To Better Management Of Coronary Heart Disease - also here, here
  12. May 9, 2008 - Study supports reason for concern in childhood and adolescent obesity - also here, here
  13. May 11, 2008 - Novel Insight Into Cardiac Arrhythmias, Sudden Cardiac Death - also here
  14. May 11, 2008 - New Rabbit Model Of Sudden Cardiac Death Provides Insight Into The Human Disease
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - Second Breast Cancer May Be Greater Than Thought For High-risk Women Without BRCA Mutations - also here, here
  2. May 6, 2008 - Cells Lining Milk Ducts Hold Key To Spread Of Common Form Of Breast Cancer - also here
  3. May 6, 2008 - Scientists Identify 'Gatekeepers' Of Breast Cancer Transition To Invasive Disease
  4. May 7, 2008 - Researchers find neuroblastoma genes
  5. May 7, 2008 - Five percent of breast tumors may double in month
  6. May 7, 2008 - Researchers Find Way To Make Tumor Cells Easier To Destroy - also here
  7. May 7, 2008 - Discovery Of A Novel Mechanism For The Development Of Colon Cancer - also here
  8. May 7, 2008 - Researchers report successful new laser treatment for vocal-cord cancer - also here
  9. May 8, 2008 - Gene That Gives Rise To Neuroblastoma, An Aggressive Childhood Cancer, Located - also here
  10. May 8, 2008 - Breast Cancer Tumors Grow Faster In Younger Women - also here
  11. May 8, 2008 - Trial tests lung cancer screening
  12. May 10, 2008 - Previously Unseen Switch Regulates Breast Cancer Response To Estrogen - also here, here
  13. May 10, 2008 - Diet High In Saturated Fat Contributes To Prostate Cancer Treatment Failure, Study Suggests
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - New 'OPAL Therapy' Presents Simple, Cost-effective Method Of Treating HIV Infection - also here
  2. May 6, 2008 - Exhaustion Of HIV-specific T Cells May Be Caused By Chronic Exposure To Virus - also here
  3. May 6, 2008 - Immune exhaustion in HIV infection - also here
  4. May 6, 2008 - New Saliva-based HIV Test May Speed Up Detection - also here
  5. May 9, 2008 - Molecular Espionage Shows A Single HIV Enzyme's Many Tasks
Background


Virulence of Yersinia pestis

References:
  1. May 5, 2008 - Scientists Discover Why Plague Is So Lethal - also here
  2. May 19, 2008 - The secret to bubonic plague's virulence
Background, Background


Benefits of subcutaneous fat

References:
  1. May 6, 2008 - Scientists find something good about a big bottom
  2. May 6, 2008 - Extra Pounds a Boon?
  3. May 6, 2008 - Fat transplantation can have metabolic benefits
  4. May 7, 2008 - Not All Fat Created Equal: Certain Body Fat Reduces Insulin Resistance - also here
  5. May 9, 2008 - Why hip fat is good, but pot bellies are bad
Background, Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. May 6, 2008 - Risk of bird flu pandemic probably growing: experts
  2. May 6, 2008 - Pandemic flu threat remains substantial, health experts say
  3. May 6, 2008 - South Korea's bird flu outbreak spreads to Seoul
  4. May 10, 2008 - New outbreak of bird flu hits India: minister
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. May 6, 2008 - Toward An Artificial Pancreas For Fighting Diabetes
  2. May 7, 2008 - Pill effective against gestational diabetes
  3. May 7, 2008 - New Insights On Link Between Early Consumption Of Cows' Milk And Type-1 Diabetes - also here
  4. May 8, 2008 - Autoimmune debate resolved?
  5. May 9, 2008 - Cow's milk may increase the risk of diabetes
  6. May 10, 2008 - Suspected Cause Of Type 1 Diabetes Caught 'Red-handed' For The First Time - also here, here
  7. May 11, 2008 - How Slow Growth As A Fetus Can Cause Diabetes As An Adult
Background


Alcohol and cocaine dependence

References:
  1. May 6, 2008 - The tachykinin receptor 3 gene has been linked to alcohol and cocaine dependence - also here
Background


Obesity and dementia

References:
  1. May 7, 2008 - Obesity Can Increase Dementia Risk By Up To 80 Percent, Study Suggests - also here, here
Background


Control of appetite and blood sugar

References:
  1. May 7, 2008 - Blocked Brain Enzyme Decreases Appetite And Promotes Weight Loss - also here
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. May 7, 2008 - Researchers Target Tumors With Tiny 'Nanoworms' - also here
Background


Stem cells and gene therapy

References:
  1. May 7, 2008 - Stem Cell Researchers Demonstrate Safety Of Gene Therapy Using Adult Stem Cells - also here
Background, Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. May 8, 2008 - Effectiveness Of Medication For Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Affirmed
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. May 8, 2008 - Elucidating Iron Transport Mechanisms In Tuberculosis Bug Identifies New TB Drug Targets
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. May 8, 2008 - New Technology Tests Maturity Of Stem Cells - also here
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. May 8, 2008 - Lack Of Motivation In Schizophrenia Linked To Brain Chemical Imbalance - also here, here
  2. May 9, 2008 - New Link To Schizophrenia Discovered - also here, here
Background, Background


Dendritic cells and allergy

References:
  1. May 8, 2008 - Immune System Pathway Identified To Fight Allergens, Asthma - also here, here
Background, Background


Prions

References:
  1. May 9, 2008 - Prions Show Their Good Side - also here
Background


Antidepressants and natural killer cell activity

References:
  1. May 9, 2008 - Do Antidepressants Enhance Immune Function? - also here
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. May 9, 2008 - Skin Flaps Deliver Cancer-fighting Therapy, Study Reveals - also here, here
Background


Antidepressants

References:
  1. May 9, 2008 - How 'Horse Tranquilizer' Stops Depression
Background


Antibiotic with neuroprotective properties

References:
  1. May 9, 2008 - Researchers uncover mechanism of action of antibiotic able to reduce neuronal cell death in brain - also here, here
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. May 9, 2008 - Elusive protein protects malaria parasite from heme
Background


Sleep and health

References:
  1. May 9, 2008 - Too much, too little sleep tied to ill health in CDC study - also here, here, here
Background


Copyright © 2008 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved