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Volume 7, Number 8
February 25, 2008

Physical sciences and technology

Hydrogen generation
Oceans and climate change
Global warming
Water on Mars
Computer vision
Milky Way
Nanotechnology
Gravitationally lensed galaxies
Organic electronics
DNA nanotechnology
Fiber optic communications
Graphene
Cosmic inflation
Dark matter web
Solar cells
Pulsars and magnetars
Carbon nanotubes
Quantum computing
Black holes
Exascale computing
Computer language translation
Eta carinae
James Webb Space Telescope
Plate tectonics

Life sciences

Helicases
Human-pathogen protein interactions
Eye movement and visual perception
Fear and the amygdala
Heat shock protein 90 and evolution
Consciousness
Context and visual perception
1918 influenza pandemic
Population genetics
Animal intelligence
Choanoflagellates
Modern human origins
Neurophonetics
Long-term memory
Human culture and natural selection
Human genetic diversity
Oxidative stress
Sex differences in episodic memory
Napping and memory
DNA damage and circadian rhythm
Emotions and brain activity
Cancer stem cells
CREB and long-distance signaling in developing neurons
Cell signaling
Bacterial microcompartments
Protein-protein interactions
MicroRNA and innate immune response
Neurogenesis in fruit flies
Iconic abilities in great apes
Insulin resistance
Bacterial defense against immune systems

Health and medicine

Avian flu
Cancer
Stem cells
Optical frequency comb breath analysis
AIDS
Diabetes
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Cardiovascular disease
Malaria
Cocaine addiction
Cortisol, anger, and healing
Alzheimer's disease
Modeling HIV epidemics
Tuberculosis
Parkinson's disease
Antidepressants
Autism
Inflammatory bowel disease
Antibiotics and mathematical modeling of epidemics
Gene therapy for cancer
Schizophrenia
Antibiotic resistance
Mitochondria and cellular health



Physical sciences and technology


Hydrogen generation

References:
  1. February 18, 2008 - Solar cell speeds hydrogen production
  2. February 19, 2008 - Solar Cell Directly Splits Water To Produce Recoverable Hydrogen
  3. February 20, 2008 - New Aluminum-rich Alloy Produces Hydrogen On-demand For Large-scale Uses - also here, here
Background


Oceans and climate change

References:
  1. February 18, 2008 - Southern Ocean rise due to warming, not ice
  2. February 24, 2008 - Climate Change Has Major Impact On Oceans
Background, Background


Global warming

References:
  1. February 19, 2008 - Solar evidence points to human causes of climate change
  2. February 21, 2008 - Greenland's Rising Air Temperatures Drive Ice Loss At Surface And Beyond - also here, here
  3. February 22, 2008 - Antarctic glaciers surge to ocean
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Martian crater records aftermath of Amazon-like flood
  2. February 20, 2008 - Water gushes created "staircases" on Mars: study
  3. February 21, 2008 - Unique Martian Formation Reveals Brief Bursts Of Water - also here, here
  4. February 21, 2008 - Research Explains Formation of Unique Martian Fans
  5. February 25, 2008 - How Groundwater Shaped Mars
Background


Computer vision

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Teaching Computers to See Like a Human
  2. February 20, 2008 - Learning About Brains From Computers, And Vice Versa
Background


Milky Way

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Milky Way twice as thick as we think
  2. February 20, 2008 - Milky Way is much bigger than we thought
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Strengthening Fluids With Nanoparticles - also here, here
  2. February 20, 2008 - Chemists measure copper levels in zinc oxide nanowires - also here, here
Background


Gravitationally lensed galaxies

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Dozens Of Gravitationally Lensed Galaxies Discovered In Distant Universe - also here
  2. March 4, 2008 - Universe Loaded With Natural Magnifying Glasses
  3. March 6, 2008 - Gravity Helps Astronomers See the Unseen
Background


Organic electronics

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Directed self-ordering of organic molecules for electronic devices - also here, here
Background


DNA nanotechnology

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Researchers Discover New Way to Store Information Via DNA - also here
Background


Fiber optic communications

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Fiber-optic booster on a chip
  2. February 24, 2008 - Flawless Data Reception For Internet And Other Fiber-based Telecommunications - also here
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Graphene Takes the Heat
  2. February 21, 2008 - Computers get to work on graphene ribbon
Background


Cosmic inflation

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Vector inflation points the way
Background


Dark matter web

References:
  1. February 21, 2008 - Giant ropes of dark matter found in new sky survey
  2. February 22, 2008 - Found! Biggest web of dark matter
  3. February 22, 2008 - Astronomers Discover Largest-ever Dark Matter Structures Spanning 270M Light-years - also here, here
Background


Solar cells

References:
  1. February 21, 2008 - Dark Side of Solar Cells Brightens
  2. February 22, 2008 - Cloudy Outlook For Solar Panels: Costs Substantially Eclipse Benefits, Study Shows - also here
  3. February 22, 2008 - Energetic Nanoparticles Swing Sunlight Into Electricity
  4. February 22, 2008 - Moth eyes may hold key to more efficient solar cells
Background


Pulsars and magnetars

References:
  1. February 21, 2008 - Right Before Our Eyes
  2. February 21, 2008 - A Magnetar in Sheep's Clothing
  3. February 21, 2008 - Pulsar's Explosion May Show Rare Stellar Evolution
  4. February 22, 2008 - Powerful Explosions Suggest Neutron Star Missing Link - also here, here, here
  5. February 22, 2008 - Jekyll-Hyde neutron star discovered by researchers
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. February 21, 2008 - Nanotube Wires Made To Operate At Speed Of Commercial Chips
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. February 21, 2008 - Analogue logic for quantum computing - also here
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. February 22, 2008 - Black hole defends its heavyweight title
Background


Exascale computing

References:
  1. February 22, 2008 - Fastest Computer: One Million Trillion 'Flops' Per Second Targeted - also here
Background


Computer language translation

References:
  1. February 22, 2008 - Fast-learning Computer Translates From Four Languages
Background


Eta carinae

References:
  1. February 22, 2008 - Rare Massive Star, Eta Carinae, Produces Vast Winds Of Colliding Electrically-charged Particles
Background


James Webb Space Telescope

References:
  1. February 23, 2008 - Minaturized 'SIDECAR' Drives Webb Telescope's Signal - also here
Background


Plate tectonics

References:
  1. February 23, 2008 - Surprise On Journey To Center Of The Earth: Light Tectonic Plates Lead The Way - also here, here
Background



Life sciences


Helicases

References:
  1. February 18, 2008 - Probing A DNA Repair Enzyme - also here
Background


Human-pathogen protein interactions

References:
  1. February 18, 2008 - Human-pathogen Protein Interactions Illuminated With Bioinformatics - also here
Background, Background


Eye movement and visual perception

References:
  1. February 18, 2008 - Why Does The World Appear Stable While Our Eyes Move?
Background


Fear and the amygdala

References:
  1. February 18, 2008 - Very Young Found To Process Fear Memories In Unique Way
Background


Heat shock protein 90 and evolution

References:
  1. February 18, 2008 - Shocking evolution into action
Background, Background


Consciousness

References:
  1. February 19, 2008 - Nature Of Consciousness: How Activity Of Single Neurons In Human Brain Reflect Conscious Perception - also here
Background


Context and visual perception

References:
  1. February 19, 2008 - How Believing Can Be Seeing: Context Dictates What We Believe We See
Background


1918 influenza pandemic

References:
  1. February 19, 2008 - Spread Of 1918 Flu Pandemic Explained - also here
Background


Population genetics

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - On the origin of deleterious mutations
Background


Animal intelligence

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Animals are smart, but not savants
  2. February 20, 2008 - Do Animals Think Like Autistic Savants? - also here
  3. February 22, 2008 - Do animals think like autistic savants?
Background


Choanoflagellates

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Genome Of Marine Organism Tells Of Humans' Unicellular Ancestors
Background


Modern human origins

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Gene studies confirm "out of Africa" theories - also here
  2. February 21, 2008 - Out of Africa: Human odyssey traced in detail
  3. February 21, 2008 - Ancient 'Out of Africa' migration left stamp on European genetic diversity - also here
  4. February 21, 2008 - Massive Genetic Study Supports "Out of Africa" Theory
  5. February 22, 2008 - DNA Study Supports African Origin of Man - also here, here, here, here
Background


Neurophonetics

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Linguist Tunes In To Pitch Processing In Brain
Background, Background


Long-term memory

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - New Patterns Of Brain Activation Used In Forming Long-term Memories Identified - also here, here
  2. February 23, 2008 - Secrets Of Memories' Staying Power Revealed Through Genetic Tags In Mice - also here
Background, Background


Human culture and natural selection

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Human Culture Subject To Natural Selection, Study Shows - also here
Background, Background


Human genetic diversity

References:
  1. February 21, 2008 - Most Detailed Global Study Of Genetic Variation Completed
  2. February 21, 2008 - Largest yet survey of human genetic diversity
Background


Oxidative stress

References:
  1. February 21, 2008 - Genetic Pathway Critical To Disease, Aging Found - also here
Background, Background


Sex differences in episodic memory

References:
  1. February 21, 2008 - Sex Differences In Memory: Women Better Than Men At Remembering Everyday Events - also here, here
Background, Background


Napping and memory

References:
  1. February 21, 2008 - Six-minute nap 'may boost memory'
Background, Background


DNA damage and circadian rhythm

References:
  1. February 21, 2008 - DNA damage resets body clock
Background, Background


Emotions and brain activity

References:
  1. February 22, 2008 - Advertisers, Neuroscientists Trace Source Of Emotions In Brain
Background, Background


Cancer stem cells

References:
  1. February 22, 2008 - Precancerous Stem Cells Can Form Tumor Blood Vessels - also here
Background, Background


CREB and long-distance signaling in developing neurons

References:
  1. February 22, 2008 - Scientists Shed Light On Long-distance Signaling In Developing Neurons - also here, here
Background


Cell signaling

References:
  1. February 22, 2008 - Mechanism discovered in worm defecation identifies potentially widespread cell-to-cell communication - also here, here
Background


Bacterial microcompartments

References:
  1. February 22, 2008 - Biochemists reveal details of mysterious bacterial microcompartments - also here
Background


Protein-protein interactions

References:
  1. February 22, 2008 - Novel method to reveal drug targets - also here, here
Background


MicroRNA and innate immune response

References:
  1. February 24, 2008 - Single MicroRNA Fine-tunes Innate Immune Response - also here
Background, Background


Neurogenesis in fruit flies

References:
  1. February 24, 2008 - Mammalian-like Neurogenesis In Fruit Flies - also here
  2. February 29, 2008 - Building Brains: Mammalian-like Neurogenesis In Fruit Flies
Background


Iconic abilities in great apes

References:
  1. February 24, 2008 - Inside The Head Of An Ape
Background


Insulin resistance

References:
  1. February 24, 2008 - Novel Link Between Excessive Nutrient Levels And Insulin Resistance Uncovered - also here
Background


Bacterial defense against immune systems

References:
  1. February 24, 2008 - Bacteria Use 'Invisibility Cloak' To Hide From Human Immune System - also here
Background



Health and medicine


Avian flu

References:
  1. February 18, 2008 - China confirms new human death from bird flu
  2. February 18, 2008 - Indonesian boy dies of bird flu
  3. February 19, 2008 - Dead poultry raises bird flu alarm in Vietnam
  4. February 20, 2008 - Bird flu remains dangerous as it continues to mutate
  5. February 21, 2008 - Bird flu outbreak confirmed in Tibet
  6. February 24, 2008 - Woman in China's Guangdong has suspected bird flu
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. February 18, 2008 - Early Gastric Cancer Can Be Seen With Optimal Band Imaging With Endoscopy - also here
  2. February 18, 2008 - 'Cancer link' to heavy mobile use
  3. February 19, 2008 - Physical job activity may cut prostate cancer risk
  4. February 19, 2008 - HSP90: New Point Of View On Melanoma Of The Eye - also here, here
  5. February 19, 2008 - Innovative Therapy For Hard-to-treat Solid Tumors Developed
  6. February 19, 2008 - Which Men Are Likely To Have Persistent Prostate Cancer?
  7. February 20, 2008 - Birth control pills may lower colon cancer risk
  8. February 20, 2008 - Novel Highly Potent Anticancer Drug From The Sea Identified
  9. February 20, 2008 - Overweight And Obese Men Have Lower PSA Values, Even Before They Get Prostate Cancer - also here, here
  10. February 20, 2008 - NIST, NCI, SAIC partner on new method for detecting HER2 breast cancer
  11. February 21, 2008 - Diet patterns tied to breast, ovarian cancers
  12. February 21, 2008 - New Strategy For Normalizing Tumor Blood Supply Identified - also here, here
  13. February 21, 2008 - Hormone Refractory Prostate Cancers More Likely To Spread To Other Organs - also here
  14. February 21, 2008 - Missing Chromosome Predicts Brain Tumor Patients' Response To Treatment - also here
  15. February 21, 2008 - Vaccine/antibody Therapy Effective, Milder Side Effects In Melanoma And Ovarian Cancer - also here
  16. February 21, 2008 - Nightime light linked to cancer
  17. February 21, 2008 - Decision on Genentech's Avastin could set new standard - also here
  18. February 22, 2008 - Diet tied to breast and ovarian cancer risks
  19. February 22, 2008 - Low cholesterol linked to stomach cancer risk
  20. February 22, 2008 - FDA OKs Genentech's Avastin for breast cancer
  21. February 22, 2008 - Stress may limit women's ability to fight HPV
  22. February 22, 2008 - Immune System Versus Solid Tumor: An Example Of The Immune System Winning
  23. February 22, 2008 - Tumor-killing Virus Selectively Targets Diseased Brain Cells - also here, here
  24. February 22, 2008 - A novel hMSH2 gene mutation in colorectal cancer patients?
  25. February 22, 2008 - FDA Clears Avastin for Breast Cancer - also here, here, here
  26. February 22, 2008 - Study shows genes' role in lung cancer
  27. February 24, 2008 - China gene experts search for answers on diabetes
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. February 18, 2008 - Stem Cell Therapy Trials To Mend Shattered Bones Coming Soon - also here, here
  2. February 18, 2008 - Stem cell hope for bone fractures
  3. February 19, 2008 - Stem cells help rats recover function after stroke - also here
  4. February 20, 2008 - Human Embryonic Stem Cells Fix Stroke-Afflicted Rats
  5. February 20, 2008 - Company's stem cells treat diabetes in mice - also here
  6. February 20, 2008 - A Sweet Success for Embryonic Stem Cells
  7. February 20, 2008 - Human Stem Cells Aid Stroke Recovery In Rats - also here
  8. February 20, 2008 - Stem cell jabs reverse damage after strokes, doctors claim
  9. February 21, 2008 - Insulin-secreting cells produced by stem cells
Background


Optical frequency comb breath analysis

References:
  1. February 18, 2008 - Asthma, Cancer Diagnoses May Be Just a Breath Away
  2. February 19, 2008 - Laser could provide breath test for cancer, asthma - also here
  3. February 19, 2008 - Laser light may be able to detect diseases on the breath - also here
  4. February 20, 2008 - Laser Light Can Detect Potential Diseases Via Breath Samples - also here
  5. February 22, 2008 - Optical 'Frequency Comb' Can Detect The Breath Of Disease - also here
Background, Background


AIDS

References:
  1. February 18, 2008 - Another HIV microbicide a bust
  2. February 19, 2008 - Imitating Monkey's 'Jumping Genes' Could Lead To New Treatments For HIV - also here, here
  3. February 21, 2008 - Structure Of Protein That Mutates DNA Of The AIDS Virus HIV-1 Determined - also here
  4. February 21, 2008 - Protein In Deer Tick Saliva Prevents HIV-1 From Attaching To T Cells
  5. February 22, 2008 - Immune System Reactivated In Adults With HIV: Thymus Producing New T-cells
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. February 19, 2008 - Cortisol underlies diabetes-related mental woes
  2. February 19, 2008 - Vildagliptin improves control of type 2 diabetes
  3. February 20, 2008 - A1C test not accurate for diabetics on dialysis
  4. February 20, 2008 - Standard Test For Blood Sugar Control Not Accurate In Diabetic Dialysis Patients - also here, here
  5. February 22, 2008 - Older diabetics at risk of physical disabilities
Background


Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

References:
  1. February 19, 2008 - Community-acquired MRSA infection often fatal
  2. February 19, 2008 - Immune System Protein Starves 'Staph' Bacteria, Could Lead To New Treatments
  3. February 20, 2008 - Mathematical Modeling Offers New Approaches To Fight Dual-resistant Hospital Infections
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. February 19, 2008 - Single pill helps controls BP, cholesterol
  2. February 20, 2008 - High BMI linked to death from stroke
  3. February 20, 2008 - Depression plus hostility poses heart risk
  4. February 21, 2008 - Daytime dozing may be warning sign of stroke
  5. February 21, 2008 - Naps, Mammograms May Predict Stroke Risk - also here
  6. February 21, 2008 - Stroke rate up for women in 30s to 50s - belly fat, obesity blamed - also here
  7. February 21, 2008 - Focus On Atrial Fibrillation Recognizes Growing Importance Of Common Arrhythmia
  8. February 22, 2008 - Study hints stroke drug could have wider use
  9. February 22, 2008 - Obesity Linked To Stroke Increase Among Middle-aged Women - also here, here
  10. February 22, 2008 - Study: Being Fit Can Lower Stroke Risk - also here, here
  11. February 22, 2008 - Ingredient In Yellow Curry Can Reduce Heart Enlargement And May Prevent Heart Failure
  12. February 22, 2008 - Daytime Dozing Linked To Increased Stroke Risk In Elderly
  13. February 22, 2008 - Daytime dozing 'stroke warning'
  14. February 22, 2008 - Atherosclerosis solution is likely many years away - also here
  15. February 23, 2008 - Stroke Risk Factors May Signal Faster Cognitive Decline In Elderly - also here
  16. February 24, 2008 - Moderate Level Of Aerobic Fitness May Lower Stroke Risk - also here
  17. February 26, 2008 - Rise in midlife stroke in women linked to obesity
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. February 19, 2008 - Early Detection Of Cerebral Malaria Possible, Animal Study Indicates
Background


Cocaine addiction

References:
  1. February 19, 2008 - Cocaine's effects on brain metabolism may contribute to abuse - also here, here
Background


Cortisol, anger, and healing

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Anger slows healing process after injury
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Childhood Lead Exposure Linked To Alzheimer's Disease, Study Suggests
  2. February 22, 2008 - Protein May Protect Against Alzheimer's Disease
  3. February 22, 2008 - Computers could be used to diagnose Alzheimer's disease - also here
  4. February 23, 2008 - Memory Loss And Other Cognitive Impairment Becoming Less Common In Older Americans - also here, here
Background


Modeling HIV epidemics

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Novel Mathematical Model Predicts New Wave Of Drug-resistant HIV Infections In San Francisco
Background, Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Key to TB's 'staying power' unlocked
  2. February 21, 2008 - Vitamin E May Increase Tuberculosis Risk In Male Smokers With High Vitamin C Intake - also here, here
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. February 20, 2008 - Research focuses on risk factor for Parkinson's disease
  2. February 22, 2008 - Could Parkinson's Disease Risk Be Assessed Early Enough To Allow For Preventative Treatment?
Background


Antidepressants

References:
  1. February 21, 2008 - Comparison Of Venlafaxine And SSRIs In The Treatment Of Depression - also here
  2. February 22, 2008 - As Depression Symptoms Improve With Antidepressants, Hopelessness Can Linger - also here
  3. February 23, 2008 - Potential Antidepressant Compounds Synthesized
  4. February 24, 2008 - Antidepressant Effects Of Ketamine Explored - also here, here
Background


Autism

References:
  1. February 21, 2008 - Gene Research May Help Explain Autistic Savants
Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. February 22, 2008 - Inflammatory Bowel Disease May Mimic Gynecological Disorders In Clinical Presentation
  2. February 22, 2008 - Safer And More Effective Way To Treat Crohn's Disease - also here
Background


Antibiotics and mathematical modeling of epidemics

References:
  1. February 22, 2008 - Changing The Way Antibiotics Are Prescribed May Be Key To Controlling Epidemics
Background, Background


Gene therapy for cancer

References:
  1. February 22, 2008 - Gene Therapy 'Trains' Immune System To Destroy Brain Cancer Cells And Reverses Behavioral Deficits - also here
Background, Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. February 22, 2008 - Siblings Of Schizophrenia Patients Display Subtle Shape Abnormalities In Brain - also here, here
Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. February 22, 2008 - The structure of resistance
Background


Mitochondria and cellular health

References:
  1. February 24, 2008 - New test shows source of disease side-effects
  2. February 24, 2008 - New chemical tool kit manipulates mitochondria, reveals insights into drug toxicity - also here, here
Background, Background, Background


Copyright © 2008 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved