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Volume 6, Number 48
November 26, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Cosmic rays
IPCC climate change report
Preon nuggets
Greenhouse gas emissions
Axions
Carbon nanotubes
White dwarfs
3-D photonic crystals
Planemos with planets
Formation of rocky planets
Large-scale quantum weirdness
Terahertz radiation
Quantum computing
Neutrino astronomy
Record CO2 levels
Astrochemistry
Cooper pairs
Global warming

Life sciences

Cancer and the immune system
Circadian rhythm and metabolism
Evolutionary developmental biology
Biofilms
Induced pluripotent stem cells
Randomly silenced genes
Visual ambiguity resolution
Brain-imaging studies
Speciation
C. elegans lifespan extension
The immune system
Forest growth model using computational geometry
Dendritic spines
Epigenetic multistability
Evolution of flowering plants
New human genes
DNA liquid crystals
Biological clocks
Adiponectin, metabolism, and longevity
Neurites
Categorical perception
Acetylcholine

Health and medicine

Rheumatoid arthritis
Diabetes
Alzheimer's disease
Cancer
Depression
Tuberculosis
Gene therapy
Allergies and anaphylaxis
HPV vaccines
AIDS
Chlamydia pneumoniae
Stress response and tPA
Benefits of fish consumption for memory
Cardiovascular disease
Stem cells
Prions
MicroRNA and retinal degeneration
Schizophrenia
Cancer biology
Non-addictive analgesics
Parkinson's disease
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria



Physical sciences and technology


Cosmic rays

References:
  1. November 19, 2007 - Cosmic-ray source still in doubt
Background


IPCC climate change report

References:
  1. November 19, 2007 - Towards Bali: IPCC report and beyond
  2. November 19, 2007 - Climate change "unequivocal": UN report
  3. November 19, 2007 - IPCC talks tough
  4. November 20, 2007 - IPCC Synthesis Report: Risks And Rewards Of Combating Climate Change
Background


Preon nuggets

References:
  1. November 20, 2007 - Nuggets of New Physics
  2. November 30, 2007 - Splitting the quark
Background


Greenhouse gas emissions

References:
  1. November 20, 2007 - MIT Sees Acceleration In US Greenhouse Emissions - also here, here, here
Background


Axions

References:
  1. November 20, 2007 - Axions Not Cause of Unexpected Observation
  2. November 21, 2007 - Results question merit of axion experiments
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. November 21, 2007 - Cheap hydrogen power gets a nanotube boost
  2. November 21, 2007 - 'Wiring Up' Enzymes For Producing Hydrogen In Fuel Cells - also here
  3. November 23, 2007 - FED-TVs With Carbon Nanotube Technology Could Supersede Plasma And LCD Flat Screens
Background


White dwarfs

References:
  1. November 21, 2007 - Odd Little Stars
  2. November 21, 2007 - Oddball white dwarfs embody new category of star
  3. November 21, 2007 - New Type of Dying Star Discovered
  4. November 22, 2007 - Strange new white dwarf discovered
  5. November 22, 2007 - Astronomers Discover Stars With Carbon Atmospheres - also here
Background


3-D photonic crystals

References:
  1. November 21, 2007 - 3-D Photonic Crystals Will Revolutionize Telecommunications - also here
Background


Planemos with planets

References:
  1. November 21, 2007 - Probing the nurseries of miniature planetary systems
Background


Formation of rocky planets

References:
  1. November 21, 2007 - Mars' Molten Past
  2. November 25, 2007 - New Light On Early Formation Of Earth And Mars
Background


Large-scale quantum weirdness

References:
  1. November 22, 2007 - Schrödinger's kittens enter the classical world
Background


Terahertz radiation

References:
  1. November 22, 2007 - Quantum teamwork produces T-ray beam
  2. November 22, 2007 - High-Tc superconductors plug 'terahertz gap'
  3. November 26, 2007 - Keep your shoes on: T-rays can see right through
  4. November 27, 2007 - New T-ray Source Could Improve Airport Security, Cancer Detection - also here
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. November 22, 2007 - Berry's phase seen in solid-state qubit
Background


Neutrino astronomy

References:
  1. November 23, 2007 - Giant 'IceCube' could take snaps of Earth's core
Background


Record CO2 levels

References:
  1. November 23, 2007 - Carbon dioxide at record high, stoking warming: WMO
  2. November 26, 2007 - U.N.: Greenhouse Gases Hit High in 2006 - also here
Background


Astrochemistry

References:
  1. November 23, 2007 - Astronomers Observe Acidic Milky Way Galaxies
Background


Cooper pairs

References:
  1. November 24, 2007 - 'Cooper Pairs' Can Be Found In Insulators As Well Superconductors - also here, here
  2. December 5, 2007 - Cooper Pairs in Insulators
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. November 25, 2007 - Natural disasters have quadrupled in two decades: study - also here, here, here
Background



Life sciences


Cancer and the immune system

References:
  1. November 19, 2007 - New research explains why some tumors undetected
  2. November 19, 2007 - Immune System Can Drive Cancers Into Dormant State
  3. November 20, 2007 - CD200 Stifles Anti-tumor Immunity
  4. November 21, 2007 - How Tumors Go Undetected By The Body - also here
Background, Background


Circadian rhythm and metabolism

References:
  1. November 19, 2007 - Mechanism Explains Biological 'Cross-talk' Between 24-hour Body Cycle And Metabolism
Background


Evolutionary developmental biology

References:
  1. November 19, 2007 - Evolution Is Deterministic, Not Random, Biologists Conclude From Multi-species Study
Background, Background


Biofilms

References:
  1. November 19, 2007 - Tiny Silicone Hotel Reveals How Bacteria Control Crowds
Background


Induced pluripotent stem cells

References:
  1. November 20, 2007 - Human skin 'reprogrammed' to form stem cells
  2. November 20, 2007 - Embryonic stem cells made without embryos
  3. November 20, 2007 - Human Stem Cell Breakthrough: No Embryos Required
  4. November 20, 2007 - New stem cell method shows potential in every cell
  5. November 20, 2007 - Stem cells - the ultimate master cell
  6. November 20, 2007 - Researchers Turn Skin Cells Into Stem Cells
  7. November 20, 2007 - Simple Recipe Turns Human Skin Cells Into Embryonic Stem Cell-like Cells
  8. November 20, 2007 - Stem Cell Breakthrough Uses No Embryos - also here, here
  9. November 20, 2007 - Scientists in Japan, US report stem cell breakthrough without embryos, defusing debate
  10. November 20, 2007 - Two teams reprogram skin cells for pluripotency
  11. November 20, 2007 - Drug Firms Cool to Stem Cell Findings
  12. November 20, 2007 - Race to mimic human embryonic stem cells
  13. November 20, 2007 - Skin transformed into stem cells
  14. November 20, 2007 - 'This is a very exciting advance'
  15. November 21, 2007 - Embryonic stem cells without embryos
  16. November 21, 2007 - A way to clone stem cells without embryos?
  17. November 21, 2007 - Scientists Guide Human Skin Cells To Embryonic State
  18. November 21, 2007 - Advance May End Stem Cell Debate
  19. November 21, 2007 - Analysis: Hurdles Remain for Stem Cells
  20. November 27, 2007 - After Stem-Cell Breakthrough, the Work Begins
  21. November 24, 2007 - Genes Turn Skin Into Stem Cells
  22. November 24, 2007 - Breakthrough on tailor-made human stem cells
Background


Randomly silenced genes

References:
  1. November 20, 2007 - Is Disease "Inheritance" More Random than Once Thought?
Background


Visual ambiguity resolution

References:
  1. November 20, 2007 - How Do We Make Sense Of What We See?
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. November 20, 2007 - Brain Imaging Shows How Men And Women Cope Differently Under Stress
  2. November 23, 2007 - Money Motivates -- Especially When Your Colleague Gets Less
  3. November 23, 2007 - Men motivated by 'superior wage'
  4. November 24, 2007 - Is The Beauty Of A Sculpture In The Brain Of The Beholder?
Background


Speciation

References:
  1. November 20, 2007 - 'Time-sharing' Tropical Birds Key To Evolutionary Mystery
Background


C. elegans lifespan extension

References:
  1. November 21, 2007 - Worm study shows antidepressant may lengthen life
  2. November 21, 2007 - Antidepressant Extends Life of Worms
  3. November 21, 2007 - Worms live longer on antidepressant
  4. November 22, 2007 - Antidepressant Found To Extend Lifespan In C. Elegans
  5. November 26, 2007 - Lifespan link to depression drug
Background


The immune system

References:
  1. November 21, 2007 - What Immune Cells See: Ins And Outs Of Peptide Processing
  2. November 23, 2007 - Molecule Could Improve Cancer Vaccines And Therapy For Other Diseases - also here
  3. November 25, 2007 - Millisecond By Millisecond Changes In An Immune System T Cell Binding To An Antigen
Background


Forest growth model using computational geometry

References:
  1. November 21, 2007 - A New Model To Simulate Forest Growth
Background


Dendritic spines

References:
  1. November 21, 2007 - Why you remember names and ski slopes - also here
  2. November 24, 2007 - Molecular 'Foreman' Discovered For Brain Wiring - also here
Background, Background


Epigenetic multistability

References:
  1. November 21, 2007 - Flip-Flopping Gene Expression Can Be Advantageous - also here
Background


Evolution of flowering plants

References:
  1. November 21, 2007 - The early relatives of flowering plants
  2. November 27, 2007 - Flowering Plants Evolved Very Quickly Into Five Groups - also here
  3. November 27, 2007 - Tree of life for flowering plants reveals relationships among major groups
Background


New human genes

References:
  1. November 23, 2007 - Evolutionary Comparison Finds New Human Genes
Background


DNA liquid crystals

References:
  1. November 23, 2007 - Tiny DNA Molecules Show Liquid Crystal Phases, Pointing Up New Scenario For First Life On Earth - also here, here
Background


Biological clocks

References:
  1. November 23, 2007 - Bioclocks Work By Controlling Chromosome Coiling - also here
Background


Adiponectin, metabolism, and longevity

References:
  1. November 23, 2007 - Fat Hormone May Contribute To Longevity
Background, Background


Neurites

References:
  1. November 24, 2007 - Proteins Key To Brain Function Identified - also here
Background


Categorical perception

References:
  1. November 24, 2007 - Mapping The Selective Brain - also here
Background, Background


Acetylcholine

References:
  1. November 24, 2007 - Naturally Occurring Chemical In Brain Enhances Visual Processing
Background, Background



Health and medicine


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. November 19, 2007 - Little difference among rheumatoid arthritis drugs
  2. November 19, 2007 - Blood Clotting Protein Linked To Rheumatoid Arthritis
  3. November 20, 2007 - Combining Medications Often Best Strategy To Battle Rheumatoid Arthritis - also here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. November 19, 2007 - Vitamin D may curb type 2 diabetes risk
  2. November 21, 2007 - Type 1 diabetes genes identified
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. November 19, 2007 - Biomarkers For Alzheimer's Disease Can Be Trusted In Clinical Trials
  2. November 19, 2007 - Overexpression Of Human Protein Reduces Severity Of Alzheimer's Disease In Mice
  3. November 20, 2007 - Novel Way Found To Prevent Protein Plaques Implicated In Alzheimer's
  4. November 22, 2007 - Possible New Alzheimer's Gene Identified
  5. November 22, 2007 - Investigating the causes of Alzheimer's
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. November 19, 2007 - Experimental Technique Offers Real-time Analysis Of Breast Cancer Biopsies
  2. November 19, 2007 - Bayer gets US FDA approval for liver cancer drug Nexavar
  3. November 19, 2007 - Bayer's Nexavar gets U.S. FDA nod for liver cancer
  4. November 19, 2007 - New Technology to Treat Breast Cancer Shows Promise in Early Application
  5. November 19, 2007 - Cannabis compound 'halts cancer'
  6. November 19, 2007 - 'Popping' bubbles to treat cancer
  7. November 20, 2007 - Obesity can skew key prostate cancer test results
  8. November 20, 2007 - Flavonoid-rich Diet Helps Women Decrease Risk Of Ovarian Cancer - also here
  9. November 20, 2007 - New Database Screening Criteria Improves Identification Of Anticancer Drugs
  10. November 20, 2007 - Researcher to Study Dog Genome for Clues to Lymphoma in Humans
  11. November 21, 2007 - Drug boosts survival of relapsed multiple myeloma
  12. November 21, 2007 - 3-D Model Of Esophageal Cancer Created
  13. November 21, 2007 - Stress Hormone May Hasten The Progression Of Certain Blood Cancers - also here
  14. November 21, 2007 - Post-treatment PET Scans Can Reassure Cervical Cancer Patients - also here
  15. November 21, 2007 - How can we know early who will benefit from tumor target therapy?
  16. November 22, 2007 - Transition from polyp to cancer age-dependent
  17. November 23, 2007 - Fiber, whole grains may cut pancreatic cancer risk
  18. November 23, 2007 - Prioritizing Research Questions In Breast Cancer
  19. November 24, 2007 - Adjusting PSA Scores For Obese Men Or Cancers May Be Missed - also here
  20. November 24, 2007 - Drug Combination Effective For Multiple Myeloma
  21. November 24, 2007 - Obesity 'may distort cancer test'
  22. November 25, 2007 - Cryoablation continues to show good results for kidney cancer patients - also here, here
Background


Depression

References:
  1. November 19, 2007 - New life inside the depressed brain
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. November 20, 2007 - Scientists decode genes of resistant TB
  2. November 24, 2007 - Extensively Drug-resistant Tuberculosis Strain Decoded
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. November 20, 2007 - Gene Therapy Safety Trial For Childhood Blindness Under Way - also here
  2. November 20, 2007 - PET Scans Show Gene Therapy Normalizes Brain Function In Parkinson's Patients - also here
  3. November 20, 2007 - Gene therapy treats Parkinson's
Background


Allergies and anaphylaxis

References:
  1. November 20, 2007 - Protein Suppresses Allergic Response In Mice
Background


HPV vaccines

References:
  1. November 20, 2007 - New HPV Vaccine Under Study - also here
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. November 20, 2007 - Monkeys able to fend off AIDS-like symptoms with enhanced HIV vaccine - also here
  2. November 25, 2007 - Rebuilding The Evolutionary History Of HIV-1 Unravels A Complex Loop - also here, here
Background


Chlamydia pneumoniae

References:
  1. November 20, 2007 - Rogue bacteria involved in both heart disease and infertility
Background, Background, Background


Stress response and tPA

References:
  1. November 20, 2007 - Stress response in the brain relies on a blood-thinning protein - also here
Background


Benefits of fish consumption for memory

References:
  1. November 21, 2007 - Eating more fish may improve seniors' memory
Background, Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. November 21, 2007 - Aztec-derived grain may cut heart risks from diabetes
  2. November 22, 2007 - Vein clots up risk of heart attack
  3. November 22, 2007 - Cigarette Smoke, Alcohol Damage Hearts Worse As Combo - also here
  4. November 24, 2007 - Vitamin E Could Help 40 Of Diabetics Ward Off Heart Attacks
  5. November 25, 2007 - Ozone Key To Link Between Heat And Increased Cardiovascular Death Risk
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. November 21, 2007 - Stem cells train heart following heart attack
  2. November 23, 2007 - Stem Cell Injection Protects Against Nerve Cell Death After Stroke, Study Suggest
  3. November 23, 2007 - Stem cell hope for immune disease
  4. November 24, 2007 - Stem Cell Transplant Can Grow New Immune System In Certain Mice, Researchers Find - also here
Background


Prions

References:
  1. November 22, 2007 - Prion Fingerprints Detected With Glowing Molecule
Background


MicroRNA and retinal degeneration

References:
  1. November 22, 2007 - Blind Mice Shed Light On Human Sight Loss - also here
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. November 23, 2007 - New Discoveries About Nitric Oxide Can Provide Drugs For Schizophrenia
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. November 24, 2007 - Melanoma Tumors Carry Enemy Within, Suggesting New Treatment Strategy
Background


Non-addictive analgesics

References:
  1. November 25, 2007 - Strong Pain-killing Drugs Without The Addiction
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. November 25, 2007 - Peptide Therapy Can Prevent Progression Of Parkinson's Disease, Study Suggests
Background


Antibiotic-resistant bacteria

References:
  1. November 25, 2007 - New Resistant, Deadly Infection C. Diff Surfaces
Background, Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved