Open Questions Chronicle

[OQC Home] [Open Questions] [Site Map] [Previous] [Next]

Volume 6, Number 47
November 19, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Supercomputers
Quantum theory
Astrochemistry
Hydrogen storage
Nanotechnology
Large Hadron Collider
Hydrogen production
Cosmic microwave background
Supernova 2006gy
Extrasolar planets
"Trapped rainbow" optical data storage
Tests of relativity
E8 unified theory
DNA computing
Robotics
Resistive RAM
Galaxy evolution
4-quark mesons
Carbon nanotubes
Photonics
Global warming
IPCC climate change report
Control of electron spin in quantum dots

Life sciences

Metagenomics
Cancer biology
Sense of fairness
Rearrangement hotspots in the human genome
Primate cloning
Filial cannibalism
Dendritic cells
Biofilms
Neural plasticity
Genetic modularity
Proteins
Telomerase
Sleep and long-term memory
Single-copy gene expression
Brain-imaging studies
Auditory perception
Early brain development
Social isolation, stress, and aggression
Amphibian breeding strategies
Gene splicing and human-chimpanzee differences
Sleep, hunger, and metabolism
P53, endogenous retroviruses, and gene regulatory networks
Random gene silencing
Brain area for voluntary behavior
Gene imprinting
Melatonin and memory
Helicase protection of genome stability
Male-female genetic differences and evolution
Speed of memory consolidation
Optic flow
Synapse maintenance
Agricultural biotechnology
Ion channels
Brain flexibility
Plankton uptake of CO2

Health and medicine

Alzheimer's disease
Cardiovascular disease
HDL cholesterol and cardiovascular disease
Diabetes
Metabolic syndrome
Multiple sclerosis
Cancer
Drug addiction
Avian flu
Rheumatoid arthritis
Stem cells
Autoinflammatory diseases
Antioxidants
Schizophrenia
Lupus
Ulcerative colitis
Cancer vaccine
AIDS
Allergies
Poxvirus vaccines
Nanoparticle drug delivery for cancer
Anti-obesity drugs
Insufficient sleep and obesity
Inflammatory bowel disease



Physical sciences and technology


Supercomputers

References:
  1. November 12, 2007 - IBM's Blue Gene Pulls Away from the Pack
  2. November 13, 2007 - India enters supercomputing race
  3. November 13, 2007 - Newcomers hit top 10 in supercomputer list
Background


Quantum theory

References:
  1. November 12, 2007 - Do classical laws arise from quantum laws?
Background


Astrochemistry

References:
  1. November 13, 2007 - New evidence for extragalactic life-forming matter
Background


Hydrogen storage

References:
  1. November 13, 2007 - Record-breaking Hydrogen Storage Materials For Use In Fuel Cells Developed - also here
  2. November 16, 2007 - New Material Doubles Record for Holding Hydrogen
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. November 13, 2007 - Breakthrough Toward Industrial-scale Production Of Nanodevices - also here
  2. November 14, 2007 - Novel Nanostructure Response Opens Possibilities For Electrical Devices
  3. November 14, 2007 - Pioneering research to assist in creation of nanomachines
  4. November 15, 2007 - New method for the production of defined microparticles with 3-D nanopatterns
  5. November 16, 2007 - 'Nanosoldering' makes a clean contact
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. November 13, 2007 - Large Hadron Collider Installs Its Precision Silicon Detector, VELO - also here
Background


Hydrogen production

References:
  1. November 13, 2007 - Waste water plus bugs make hydrogen
Background


Cosmic microwave background

References:
  1. November 14, 2007 - Big-bang satellite data 'not flawed'
  2. November 16, 2007 - Analysis confronts model of universe’s formation
Background


Supernova 2006gy

References:
  1. November 14, 2007 - Multi-star pile-up caused brightest supernova
  2. November 14, 2007 - Flashes of Insight Into Mondo Supernova?
  3. November 14, 2007 - Mystery Probed in Record-Setting Cosmic Explosion
  4. November 14, 2007 - New calculations target brightest-ever supernova
  5. November 14, 2007 - Competing Theories Proposed for Superbright Supernova
  6. November 14, 2007 - New Explanation for Bright Supernovas: Multiple Explosions
  7. November 15, 2007 - Brightest Supernova May Reignite
  8. November 15, 2007 - Brightest supernova died six times
  9. November 15, 2007 - How To Make The Brightest Supernova Ever: Explode, Collapse, Repeat - also here
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. November 14, 2007 - Small planets forming in the Pleiades: astronomers
  2. November 15, 2007 - Planets Forming In Pleiades Star Cluster, Astronomers Report - also here, here
  3. November 15, 2007 - Rocky Planets Might Inhabit Popular Nearby Star Cluster
Background


"Trapped rainbow" optical data storage

References:
  1. November 14, 2007 - New technique to slow down, stop and capture light offers bright future for internet, powerful computer - also here
  2. November 14, 2007 - Negative refraction 'could trap rainbows'
  3. November 15, 2007 - Rainbows to give computers some oomph
  4. November 15, 2007 - "Trapped rainbow" key step to superfast computing
Background, Background


Tests of relativity

References:
  1. November 14, 2007 - Relativity passes new test of time
Background


E8 unified theory

References:
  1. November 15, 2007 - Is mathematical pattern the theory of everything?
  2. November 18, 2007 - Einstein on a snowboard
Background


DNA computing

References:
  1. November 15, 2007 - Molecular 'amplifier' boosts DNA computing
Background


Robotics

References:
  1. November 15, 2007 - Robot science turns to nature for inspiration
Background


Resistive RAM

References:
  1. November 15, 2007 - Remembering the future
Background


Galaxy evolution

References:
  1. November 15, 2007 - Watching Galaxies Grow Old Gracefully - also here
  2. November 19, 2007 - Nature vs. Nurture in the Cosmos
Background


4-quark mesons

References:
  1. November 15, 2007 - Physicists spot unusual charged meson
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. November 16, 2007 - Nanotube tangles power printable batteries
  2. November 16, 2007 - First Direct Images of Carbon Nanotubes Entering Cells
Background


Photonics

References:
  1. November 17, 2007 - New Way To Manipulate Light A Million Times More Efficiently - also here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. November 17, 2007 - First-ever 'State Of The Carbon Cycle Report' Finds Troubling Imbalance - also here, here
Background


IPCC climate change report

References:
  1. November 17, 2007 - Climate Change Talks Reach Agreement - also here, here
  2. November 17, 2007 - UN challenges states on warming
  3. November 17, 2007 - UN Panel: Climate Change Accelerating
  4. November 17, 2007 - UN Panel Gives Dire Warming Forecast - also here
  5. November 17, 2007 - Key Findings of UN Scientific Report
Background


Control of electron spin in quantum dots

References:
  1. November 17, 2007 - Optical Technique For Controlling Electron Spins In Quantum Dot Ensembles Developed - also here, here
Background, Background



Life sciences


Metagenomics

References:
  1. November 12, 2007 - New Study Suggests Many Unknown Microbes in Soil
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. November 12, 2007 - Synthetic compound promotes death of lung-cancer cells, tumors
  2. November 13, 2007 - Synthetic Molecule Makes Cancer Cells Commit Suicide
  3. November 13, 2007 - Balancing Act Protects Vulnerable Cells From Cancer
  4. November 14, 2007 - How To Switch Off Cancer Cell Genes: Epigenetic Silencing Involves Distinct Changes In DNA Structures
  5. November 15, 2007 - How 'IAP antagonist' chemicals kill tumors - also here
Background


Sense of fairness

References:
  1. November 13, 2007 - Envious monkeys can spot a fair deal
Background


Rearrangement hotspots in the human genome

References:
  1. November 13, 2007 - Are There Rearrangement Hot Spots In The Human Genome?
Background


Primate cloning

References:
  1. November 13, 2007 - Scientists claim to clone monkey embryos - also here
  2. November 14, 2007 - Scientists in Oregon and elsewhere report cloning monkey embryos
  3. November 14, 2007 - Monkey Clones Unlikely to Bring New Care - also here
  4. November 14, 2007 - Researchers get stem cells from cloned monkeys
  5. November 14, 2007 - Breakthrough in primate cloning
  6. November 14, 2007 - Scientists say they have created first cloned embryo from primate
  7. November 14, 2007 - Cloned monkey stem cells produced
  8. November 15, 2007 - Primate Stem Cell Barrier Broken
  9. November 15, 2007 - Monkey embryonic stem cells a world first
  10. November 15, 2007 - Primate Embryonic Stem Cells Successfully Cloned
Background, Background


Filial cannibalism

References:
  1. November 14, 2007 - So Cute You Could Just Eat Them Up
Background, Background


Dendritic cells

References:
  1. November 14, 2007 - Immune Cells Can Simultaneously Stimulate And Inhibit Killer Cell Activity
Background


Biofilms

References:
  1. November 14, 2007 - Bacteria Organize Into Biofilms To Survive Hostile Zones - also here
Background


Neural plasticity

References:
  1. November 14, 2007 - Certain Mature Neurons Can Retain A Youthful Form Of Plasticity
Background


Genetic modularity

References:
  1. November 14, 2007 - Changing Environment Organizes Genetic Structure - also here, here
Background, Background


Proteins

References:
  1. November 14, 2007 - Proteins Pack Tighter In Crowded Native State
  2. November 17, 2007 - How Water 'Lubricates' Proteins - also here
  3. November 21, 2007 - Protein calms the waters
Background


Telomerase

References:
  1. November 14, 2007 - Telomerase Enzyme Structure Provides Significant New Target For Anti-cancer Therapies - also here
Background, Background


Sleep and long-term memory

References:
  1. November 15, 2007 - Sleeping brain plays back events in fast-forward
Background, Background


Single-copy gene expression

References:
  1. November 15, 2007 - When only mum or dad matters
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. November 15, 2007 - Are You a Liar? Ask Your Brain
  2. November 15, 2007 - Women View Men's Faces Differently Depending On The Stage Of Their Menstrual Cycle
Background


Auditory perception

References:
  1. November 15, 2007 - Left brain picks desired sounds from cacophony
  2. November 18, 2007 - Left Brain Helps Hear Through The Noise
Background, Background


Early brain development

References:
  1. November 15, 2007 - Cancer Gene Drives Pivotal Decision In Early Brain Development - also here
Background, Background


Social isolation, stress, and aggression

References:
  1. November 15, 2007 - Effects Of Social Isolation Traced To Brain Hormone - also here
Background, Background


Amphibian breeding strategies

References:
  1. November 15, 2007 - Parasites Might Spur Evolution Of Strange Amphibian Breeding Habits - also here, here
Background


Gene splicing and human-chimpanzee differences

References:
  1. November 15, 2007 - Humans And Chimps Differ At Level Of Gene Splicing - also here, here
Background, Background


Sleep, hunger, and metabolism

References:
  1. November 15, 2007 - Hormone Links Sleep, Hunger And Metabolism - also here, here
Background, Background


P53, endogenous retroviruses, and gene regulatory networks

References:
  1. November 15, 2007 - Ancient Retroviruses Spurred Evolution Of Gene Regulatory Networks In Humans And Other Primates
Background, Background, Background


Random gene silencing

References:
  1. November 15, 2007 - Random silencing of genes may explain family differences: study
Background


Brain area for voluntary behavior

References:
  1. November 15, 2007 - Neuroscientists Uncover Brain Region Involved in Voluntary Behavior
Background


Gene imprinting

References:
  1. November 15, 2007 - Single parent genes
Background


Melatonin and memory

References:
  1. November 16, 2007 - Sleep hormone may make you forget
  2. November 17, 2007 - Melatonin Could Hurt Memory Formation At Night - also here
Background


Helicase protection of genome stability

References:
  1. November 16, 2007 - Human RecQ Helicases, Homologous Recombination And Genomic Instability - also here
Background


Male-female genetic differences and evolution

References:
  1. November 16, 2007 - Simple Reason Helps Males Evolve More Quickly - also here
Background


Speed of memory consolidation

References:
  1. November 16, 2006 - 'Speed Of Thought' Guides Brain's Memory Consolidation - also here
  2. November 19, 2007 - Slumber Reruns: As We Sleep, Our Brains Rehash the Day
Background


Optic flow

References:
  1. November 16, 2007 - Virtual Reality Shows Our Need For Optic Flow In Finding Our Way - also here
Background


Synapse maintenance

References:
  1. November 16, 2007 - Enzymes Key To Brainpower Identified
Background


Agricultural biotechnology

References:
  1. November 16, 2007 - Scientists harvest fish oil crop
Background


Ion channels

References:
  1. November 17, 2007 - Zeroing In On Cellular Machinery That Enables Neurons To Fire
Background


Brain flexibility

References:
  1. November 18, 2007 - Neuroscientists Propose New Theory Of Brain Flexibility - also here, here
Background


Plankton uptake of CO2

References:
  1. November 18, 2007 - Ocean Plankton Reducing Greenhouse Gases By Using More Carbon Dioxide - also here
Background



Health and medicine


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. November 12, 2007 - Beta carotene protects memory in study
  2. November 12, 2007 - Long-term beta carotene supplementation may help prevent cognitive decline
  3. November 12, 2007 - An Alzheimer's Vaccine? Promising Results In Mice - also here
  4. November 13, 2007 - Eating Fish, Omega-3 Oils, Fruits And Veggies Lowers Risk Of Memory Problems - also here
  5. November 13, 2007 - Staving Off Alzheimer's Disease With The Right Diet, Prescriptions
  6. November 14, 2007 - Racial differences seen in Alzheimer's survival
  7. November 15, 2007 - Latinos And African-Americans Live Longer With Alzheimer's Disease - also here
  8. November 15, 2007 - Biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease can be trusted in clinical trials
  9. November 16, 2007 - Journal of Alzheimer's Disease special issue explores multifaceted aspects of AD
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. November 12, 2007 - Mini-stroke: warning that major stroke is near
  2. November 14, 2007 - Aspirin provides less heart protection for women
  3. November 14, 2007 - Eating Your Greens Could Prove Life-saving If A Heart Attack Strikes
  4. November 15, 2007 - Obesity paradox seen in people with heart disease
  5. November 15, 2007 - Daily walk lowers diabetics' heart risks
  6. November 15, 2007 - Discovery About Urine May Lead To Hypertension Treatment
  7. November 15, 2007 - Trial To Evaluate Cardioprotective Properties Of Insulin - also here
  8. November 15, 2007 - Heart attacks and nerves
  9. November 16, 2007 - Lowered BP after "no salt added" diet
  10. November 16, 2007 - Multiple stressors compound heart disease risk
  11. November 18, 2007 - Natural protein 'heals the heart'
Background


HDL cholesterol and cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. November 12, 2007 - Two Proteins -- ABCA1 and ABCG1 -- combine to enable HDL to protect against cardiovascular disease
Background, Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. November 12, 2007 - Drug With The Potential To Prevent Or Delay Onset Of Type 1 Diabetes In Clinical Trials - also here
  2. November 14, 2007 - Older People With Diabetes Face A Heavy Burden From Co-existing Health Conditions - also here
  3. November 15, 2007 - Novo sees advantages over Byetta LAR
  4. November 15, 2007 - Family Ties Raise Risk Of Diabetes Complications: Risk Greater For Women
Background


Metabolic syndrome

References:
  1. November 12, 2007 - Sex, Sugar And Metabolic Disease
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. November 12, 2007 - Anti-inflammation Molecule Helps Fight MS-like Disease, Study Suggests - also here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. November 12, 2007 - Chemotherapy And Radiation Together Extend Lung Cancer Patients' Lives - also here
  2. November 12, 2007 - Obesity And Overweight Linked To Higher Prostate Cancer Mortality - also here
  3. November 13, 2007 - Toward Cancer Drugs That Penetrate Ten Times Deeper Into The Brain - also here
  4. November 13, 2007 - Biomarkers Predict Risk For Invasive Breast Cancer Years Before The Tumor Develops
  5. November 13, 2007 - A protein converts immune cells to tumor killers
  6. November 14, 2007 - Zinc Transporters Regulate Pancreatic Cancer - also here
  7. November 14, 2007 - Simpler Way To Assess Breast Cancer Risk Found - also here
  8. November 14, 2007 - Ultrasound May Better Classify Ovarian Tumors - also here
  9. November 14, 2007 - Tumor-suppressor Gene For Lung Cancer Identified
  10. November 14, 2007 - Smoking is Associated with Rectal Cancer
  11. November 14, 2007 - A Low-carb Diet May Stunt Prostate Tumor Growth - also here, here
  12. November 14, 2007 - Experimental Technique Offers Real-Time Analysis of Breast Cancer Biopsies
  13. November 15, 2007 - Skin Cancer Prevention Helped By New Research, Regulations
  14. November 15, 2007 - New Guidelines On Non-muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer Released - also here
  15. November 15, 2007 - Important Indicators Of Early-stage Ovarian Cancer Highlighted
  16. November 15, 2007 - Scientific Evidence Of The Significant Anti-cancer Effect Of Milk Thistle - also here
  17. November 15, 2007 - Type Of Oral Cancer Linked To Ethnicity: Are Cultural Habits To Blame? - also here
  18. November 15, 2007 - Grape Powder Blocks Genes Linked To Colon Cancer - also here
  19. November 15, 2007 - Predicting the future in ovarian cancer - also here
  20. November 16, 2007 - Similarities In Dog And Human Breast Cancer Pre-malignant Lesions Found - also here, here
  21. November 16, 2007 - Deficiency In Exposure To Sunlight Linked To Endometrial Cancer - also here, here
  22. November 18, 2007 - PET Scans Useful For Some Cancer Treatment, But How Do Patients Fare?
  23. November 18, 2007 - Two Proteins May Be Survival Markers In Some Breast Cancers - also here, here
Background


Drug addiction

References:
  1. November 12, 2007 - Cocaine Abuse Blunts Sensitivity To Monetary Reward
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. November 12, 2007 - New bird flu outbreak in Britain
  2. November 13, 2007 - UK bird flu outbreak confirmed as H5N1
  3. November 13, 2007 - Outbreak of lethal bird flu confirmed in Britain
  4. November 13, 2007 - Suffolk bird flu is H5N1 strain
  5. November 14, 2007 - More culls in bird flu outbreak
  6. November 17, 2007 - Lessons From Turkey's Bird Flu Outbreak - also here, here
  7. November 18, 2007 - Bird flu culling round over in Britain
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. November 13, 2007 - Therapy Reduces Risk Of Heart Attack By 80 In People With Rheumatoid Arthritis, Study Shows
  2. November 14, 2007 - Tocilizumab Appears Safe And Effective In Treating Rheumatoid Arthritis, Study Suggests
  3. November 15, 2007 - Promising New Therapy Being Studied to Treat Rheumatoid Arthritis
  4. November 16, 2007 - Blood clotting protein linked to rheumatoid arthritis
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. November 13, 2007 - First Steps Towards Spinal Cord Reconstruction Following Injury Using Stem Cells
  2. November 14, 2007 - Stem cells model disease
  3. November 15, 2007 - Menstrual blood could be rich source of stem cells
  4. November 15, 2007 - Human Embryonic Stem Cells Derived From Preimplantation Genetically Diagnosed Embryos
  5. November 16, 2007 - 'Fingerprints' Help Find Genes Involved In Differentiation
  6. November 16, 2007 - Cells Discarded From Womb Lining During A Woman's Period Are New Type Of Stem Cell - also here
Background


Autoinflammatory diseases

References:
  1. November 13, 2007 - Key Pathway, Potential Drug Targets In Autoinflammatory Disease Uncovered - also here
Background


Antioxidants

References:
  1. November 14, 2007 - Long-term Beta Carotene Supplementation May Help Prevent Cognitive Decline, Study Suggests
  2. November 14, 2007 - Citrus Juice, Vitamin C Give Staying Power To Green Tea Antioxidants - also here, here
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. November 14, 2007 - Connection Between Startled Response And Schizophrenia
Background


Lupus

References:
  1. November 14, 2007 - Researchers investigate ways to detect lupus-associated kidney disease - also here, here
Background


Ulcerative colitis

References:
  1. November 14, 2007 - New therapeutic targets in the treatment of ulcerative colitis
Background


Cancer vaccine

References:
  1. November 14, 2007 - Hope for tailored cancer vaccine
Background, Background


AIDS

References:
  1. November 16, 2007 - Study shows how some AIDS vaccines may harm
  2. November 16, 2007 - Suppressing Herpes Virus May Reduce Infectiousness Of HIV - also here, here
  3. November 17, 2007 - Virus Used To Create Experimental HIV Vaccines Directly Impairs Immune Response - also here
  4. November 17, 2007 - Chronic HIV-1 Infection Frequently Fails To Protect Against Superinfection - also here, here
Background


Allergies

References:
  1. November 16, 2007 - Understanding Allergies By Mapping Chemical Structures Recognized By Immune System - also here
Background


Poxvirus vaccines

References:
  1. November 16, 2007 - Poxvirus' ability to hide from the immune system may aid vaccine design - also here, here
Background


Nanoparticle drug delivery for cancer

References:
  1. November 16, 2007 - Remote-control nanoparticles deliver drugs directly into tumors - also here
Background, Background, Background


Anti-obesity drugs

References:
  1. November 16, 2007 - Fat pills give modest weight loss
  2. November 17, 2007 - Three Long-term Diet Pills Show Poor Performance, Study Suggests
Background


Insufficient sleep and obesity

References:
  1. November 17, 2007 - Too little sleep may fatten kids
Background, Background


Inflammatory bowel disease

References:
  1. November 18, 2007 - Sensing Bacteria In The Gut Keeps Inflammation At Bay
Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved