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Volume 6, Number 42
October 15, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Great Magellan Telescope
Greenhouse gases
Large Hadron Collider
Nanotechnology
Global warming
Black holes
Neutron stars and quantum gravity
Allen Telescope Array
Methane on Titan
Ferroelectric random-access memory
Magnetic vortex data storage
Controlled fusion
Supernovae
Quantum entanglement swapping
Dark energy
Solar power satellites
Superconductivity
Quantum dots
Plate tectonics on extrasolar planets

Life sciences

Brain-imaging studies
Survival of bacteria in ice
Synthetic biology
Evolution of the human genome
Cancer biology
Cannabinoid receptors
Baboon cognition
Modeling the immune system
Origins of mammalian bipedalism
Metagenomics
Language evolution
Asexual reproduction
1918 Spanish flu
Jumping genes
Retinal ganglion cells
Common ancestry of plants and animals
Molecular evolution
Gastrulation
Tactile sensation
Cell division of rod-shaped bacteria
SIRT1 and cholesterol eflux
Aging and cancer genes
Perception of facial expression of fear
Neanderthals
Angiogenesis
Genomics

Health and medicine

Ebola virus gene swapping
Cardiovascular disease
Cancer
Nanoparticle drug delivery for cancer
Parkinson's disease
Avian flu
Alzheimer's disease
Malaria
Health benefits of weight loss
AIDS
Tissue engineering
Multiple sclerosis
Stem cells
Health-promoting potato phytochemicals
Brain proteins
Stress and disease
Gene therapy
Inflammation and macular degeneration
Quantum dot drug delivery for cancer
Epigenetic cancer therapy
Anti-microbial properties of resveratrol
Enzyme stimulation of fat cell formation



Physical sciences and technology


Great Magellan Telescope

References:
  1. October 8, 2007 - Early universe to be seen in southern hemisphere
Background


Greenhouse gases

References:
  1. October 9, 2007 - Scientist: Emissions Levels Accelerating - also here
  2. October 9, 2007 - Aussie scientist: Greenhouse gases worse
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. October 9, 2007 - CERN boss quashes LHC delay rumours
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. October 10, 2007 - Taming Tiny, Unruly Waves For Nano Optics - also here, here
  2. October 11, 2007 - Light Shed On Light-emitting Nanodevice - also here
  3. October 11, 2008 - Making Plastic as Strong as Steel
  4. October 13, 2007 - New Path For Designing Novel Nanomaterials Discovered - also here
  5. October 14, 2007 - Sol-gel Inks Produce Complex Shapes With Nanoscale Features - also here, here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. October 10, 2007 - Earth getting wetter and stickier, researchers say - also here
  2. October 10, 2007 - Warmth makes the world more humid
  3. October 10, 2007 - Global Warming May Make Humidity Worse - also here, here
  4. October 10, 2007 - Humans have made the skies more moist
  5. October 11, 2007 - Earth getting steamier and steamier
  6. October 13, 2007 - Climate Change Will Impact Global River Flow, Scientists Warn
Background


Black holes

References:
  1. October 10, 2007 - Astronomers Trace Humans' Dusty Origins - also here, here, here
  2. October 11, 2007 - Dusty Winds Bursting Out Of Black Holes May Have Seeded Planets, Life - also here
Background


Neutron stars and quantum gravity

References:
  1. October 10, 2007 - New-School 'Aether' May Shed Light on Neutron Stars
Background, Background


Allen Telescope Array

References:
  1. October 11, 2007 - New radio telescope begins search for alien signals
  2. October 11, 2007 - Hunt for extra-terrestrial life starts in California
  3. October 11, 2007 - Stretching the Search for Signs of Life
  4. October 12, 2007 - Search For Extraterrestrial Intelligence: Allen Telescope Array Begins Scientific Observations
Background


Methane on Titan

References:
  1. October 11, 2007 - Forecasters predict morning drizzle on Titan
  2. October 11, 2007 - Bring an umbrella on Saturn's moon Titan - also here
  3. October 11, 2007 - Methane drizzle on Saturn's moon Titan
  4. October 11, 2007 - On Titan, A Dreary Drizzle
  5. October 11, 2007 - Titan Forecast: Cold, Drizzly Mornings
  6. October 11, 2007 - Cassini Sends Back More Images of Titan's Lakes
  7. October 12, 2007 - Titan's North Pole: Land O' Lakes
  8. October 12, 2007 - Saturn's Moon Titan -- Land Of Lakes And Seas - also here, here
  9. October 12, 2007 - Drizzly mornings on Xanadu - also here
  10. October 12, 2007 - New Lakes Discovered on Titan
  11. October 15, 2007 - New images from Titan
  12. October 20, 2007 - Titan: Land of Lakes - and Drizzle
Background


Ferroelectric random-access memory

References:
  1. October 11, 2007 - How Ferroelectric Computer Memory Works - also here, here
Background


Magnetic vortex data storage

References:
  1. October 11, 2007 - Storing Data On Atomic Roundabouts - also here
  2. October 11, 2007 - Laser reveals new type of magnetic ordering
  3. October 12, 2007 - Atoms In A Roundabout
Background


Controlled fusion

References:
  1. October 11, 2007 - NIST Light Source Illuminates Fusion Power Diagnostics - also here
  2. October 12, 2007 - Wanted: the right wall material for ITER
Background


Supernovae

References:
  1. October 11, 2007 - Astronomers find most powerful supernova - also here
  2. October 11, 2007 - Stellar Explosion Outshines Sun 100 Billion Times
  3. October 12, 2007 - Enigmatic supernova smashes brightness record
  4. October 12, 2007 - Superduper Nova
Background


Quantum entanglement swapping

References:
  1. October 11, 2007 - Entanglement Swapping: A New Quantum Trick
Background


Dark energy

References:
  1. October 11, 2007 - Testing Einstein: Is Dark Energy Constant?
Background


Solar power satellites

References:
  1. October 11, 2007 - Pentagon backs plan to beam solar power from space
  2. October 11, 2007 - Orbiting solar panels' day may be near
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. October 12, 2007 - Quantum Mechanics Predicts Unusual Lattice Dynamics Of Vanadium Metal Under Pressure
Background


Quantum dots

References:
  1. October 12, 2007 - New quantum dot transistor counts individual photons - also here, here
Background


Plate tectonics on extrasolar planets

References:
  1. October 14, 2007 - Super-Earths will have plate tectonics
  2. October 17, 2007 - The plate tectonics of alien worlds
  3. October 19, 2007 - Do super-Earths have geology suited to life?
  4. November 21, 2007 - 'Super Earths' Will Have Plate Tectonics, Scientists Predict
Background, Background



Life sciences


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. October 8, 2007 - Memory shuts down as you doze off
  2. October 9, 2007 - Spontaneous brain activity causes 'unforced errors'
Background


Survival of bacteria in ice

References:
  1. October 8, 2007 - Microbes can survive 'deep freeze' for 100,000 years
Background


Synthetic biology

References:
  1. October 8, 2007 - Geneticists on verge of creating artificial life
  2. October 8, 2007 - Venter makes synthetic chromosome... or does he?
Background


Evolution of the human genome

References:
  1. October 9, 2007 - New Insights Into The Evolution Of The Human Genome - also here
Background, Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. October 9, 2007 - Gene May Hold Key To Future Cancer Hope - also here
  2. October 10, 2007 - Three New Genes That Cause Lung Cancer Discovered - also here, here
  3. October 12, 2007 - Genome Update Defines Landscape Of Breast And Colon Cancers - also here
  4. October 12, 2007 - Analysis of breast and colon cancer genes finds many areas of differences between tumors - also here
Background


Cannabinoid receptors

References:
  1. October 9, 2007 - How do cannabinoids make us feel that way?
Background


Baboon cognition

References:
  1. October 9, 2007 - How Baboons Think (Yes, Think)
Background


Modeling the immune system

References:
  1. October 10, 2007 - Mathematicians Help Unlock Secrets Of The Immune System - also here, here
  2. October 12, 2007 - Modeling pathogen responses - also here
Background, Background


Origins of mammalian bipedalism

References:
  1. October 10, 2007 - Early Apes Walked Upright 15 Million Years Earlier Than Previously Thought, Evolutionary Biologist Argues - also here
Background, Background


Metagenomics

References:
  1. October 10, 2007 - New tool spots tiny neighbors
Background


Language evolution

References:
  1. October 10, 2007 - Why Language Changes over Time
  2. October 11, 2007 - Rare words 'mutate' faster than common ones
Background


Asexual reproduction

References:
  1. October 11, 2007 - No sex for 40 mln years? No problem for 1 organism - also here
  2. October 11, 2007 - Genetic benefits of asexuality?
  3. October 12, 2007 - Benefits Of 80 Million Years Without Sex
  4. October 12, 2007 - Eighty million years without sex
Background


1918 Spanish flu

References:
  1. October 11, 2007 - From Flu to Superflu
  2. October 11, 2007 - Avian Flu -- 1918 and Today -- Protein Enhances Lethality Of Virus - also here
Background


Jumping genes

References:
  1. October 11, 2007 - New Insights On 'Jumping Genes' - also here
Background


Retinal ganglion cells

References:
  1. October 11, 2007 - Discovery Of Retinal Cell Type Ends 40-year Search - also here, here
Background


Common ancestry of plants and animals

References:
  1. October 11, 2007 - Scientists Sequence Genome of Soil-Dwelling Green Alga
  2. October 12, 2007 - Green Algae: The Nexus Of Plant-Animal Ancestry - also here
  3. October 12, 2007 - Study involving more than 100 scientists provides new insights on green algae
Background


Molecular evolution

References:
  1. October 12, 2007 - Spread Of Endogenous Retrovirus K Is Similar In The DNA Of Humans And Rhesus Monkeys - also here, here
  2. October 12, 2007 - A Gene Divided Reveals The Details Of Natural Selection - also here, here
Background


Gastrulation

References:
  1. October 12, 2007 - Difference Between Fish And Humans: Century-old Developmental Question Answered - also here, here
Background


Tactile sensation

References:
  1. October 12, 2007 - Brain Circuits Used In Sensation Of Touch Identified - also here, here
Background, Background


Cell division of rod-shaped bacteria

References:
  1. October 12, 2007 - New Mathematical Model Unravels The Mechanics Of Microbe Reproduction - also here
Background, Background


SIRT1 and cholesterol eflux

References:
  1. October 12, 2007 - Gene Believed To Promote Long Life Linked To Cholesterol Flushing - also here, here
Background, Background, Background


Aging and cancer genes

References:
  1. October 13, 2007 - Genes found that slow both aging and cancer - also here
  2. October 15, 2007 - Genes That Both Extend Life And Protect Against Cancer Identified - also here
Background, Background


Perception of facial expression of fear

References:
  1. October 14, 2007 - Fearful looks get brain's attention fast: study
  2. October 15, 2007 - Humans Perceive Others' Fear Faster Than Other Emotions - also here
  3. October 15, 2007 - Horror shows in the whites of your eyes
Background, Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. October 14, 2007 - Inconsistencies With Neanderthal Genomic DNA Sequences
Background


Angiogenesis

References:
  1. October 14, 2007 - Study reveals a key to blood vessel growth and possible drug target - also here, here
Background, Background


Genomics

References:
  1. October 14, 2007 - New method of selecting DNA for resequencing accelerates discovery of subtle DNA variations - also here, here
Background



Health and medicine


Ebola virus gene swapping

References:
  1. October 8, 2007 - Gene-swapping Ebola is a slippery target
Background, Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. October 8, 2007 - A bad relationship can cause heart attack: study - also here
  2. October 8, 2007 - Carriers Of 'Plaque' Gene At Greater Risk
  3. October 8, 2007 - Tiny scanners used to spot hidden artery plaque
  4. October 9, 2007 - Study ties marital strife, heart disease - also here
  5. October 9, 2007 - Blood pressure and weight predict heart failure - also here
  6. October 9, 2007 - Job strain raises risk of heart disease recurrence - also here
  7. October 9, 2007 - Had a heart attack? Be careful going back to work - also here
  8. October 9, 2007 - High mortality in stroke patients who stop statins - also here
  9. October 9, 2007 - Treating small strokes can prevent bigger one
  10. October 9, 2007 - Even Mild Thyroid Problems Double Risk Of Heart Condition
  11. October 9, 2007 - Chronic Arguing With Your Spouse May Raise Your Heart Disease Risk - also here
  12. October 10, 2007 - Study shows persistent benefits of statin drug - also here
  13. October 10, 2007 - Prostate Cancer Therapy Linked To Increased Risk Of Heart Disease Death - also here
  14. October 10, 2007 - Job Strain After Heart Attack Linked To Risk For Another Heart Attack - also here
  15. October 10, 2007 - Marital, job stress linked to heart disease
  16. October 11, 2007 - Women With High Or Increasing Blood Pressure Are Up To Three Times More Likely To Develop Diabetes - also here
  17. October 11, 2007 - Heart drugs 'have longer effect'
  18. October 11, 2007 - Study: Statin Helps Prevent Heart Attack - also here, here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. October 8, 2007 - Study backs surgery for prostate cancer - also here
  2. October 8, 2007 - Using Additional Biopsy-scoring Data May Help Determine Prostate Cancer Prognosis
  3. October 8, 2007 - AGA Institute statement on CT colonography study
  4. October 8, 2007 - New Pill Is Better Than Traditional Chemotherapy, Study Suggests - also here, here
  5. October 9, 2007 - Low-fat diet cuts ovarian cancer risk: study - also here
  6. October 9, 2007 - Low-fat diet may lower ovarian cancer risk - also here
  7. October 9, 2007 - Study: Low-fat diet may cut cancer risk - also here, here, here
  8. October 9, 2007 - Small Papillary Thyroid Cancer Is Not Without Risk
  9. October 9, 2007 - Breast Cancer Linked To Pesticide DDT, Study Suggests
  10. October 9, 2007 - New Gene Linked To Breast Cancer Identified - also here
  11. October 9, 2007 - First Clinical Trial Of Apatone For Cancer Treatment Promising - also here
  12. October 9, 2007 - Hip size 'gives cancer risk clue'
  13. October 10, 2007 - Allergic reactions may guard against brain cancer
  14. October 10, 2007 - Some women can reduce breast cancer chemo: study - also here
  15. October 10, 2007 - PSA Velocity's Clinical Usefulness Remains Unclear - also here
  16. October 10, 2007 - Prostate Cancer More Likely To Return In Blacks Than Whites
  17. October 10, 2007 - Low-fat Dietary Pattern May Lower Risk Of Ovarian Cancer - also here
  18. October 10, 2007 - Low-fat diet possibly linked to lower risk of ovarian cancer - also here
  19. October 10, 2007 - An AIDS-related Virus Reveals More Ways To Cause Cancer - also here
  20. October 10, 2007 - Allergies Linked To Lower Risk Of Brain Cancer
  21. October 10, 2007 - Hip Size Of Mothers Linked To Breast Cancer In Daughters - also here
  22. October 10, 2007 - Taxol Doesn't Treat Common Breast Cancer - also here, here
  23. October 11, 2007 - Surgery May Offer Best Chance Of Long-term Prostate Cancer Survival - also here
  24. October 11, 2007 - 'Network' Approach Identifies Potential Breast Cancer Susceptibility Gene - also here
  25. October 11, 2007 - New Radioactive Agents For Colon Cancer Work Inside Cells - also here, here
  26. October 11, 2007 - Three Genetic Prostate Cancer Risk Factors Identified
  27. October 11, 2007 - 18F-DG PET/CT can highly increase the detection of colorectal cancer - also here
  28. October 11, 2007 - Endoscopic resection is a safe and effective treatment for gastrointestinal smooth muscle tumors
  29. October 11, 2007 - New 'seed' therapy helps pinpoint breast tumors with more accuracy - also here, here
  30. October 12, 2007 - The pill doesn't boost breast cancer death risk - also here
  31. October 12, 2007 - Interleukin-8, Key Marker For Colorectal Cancer Treatment - also here
  32. October 12, 2007 - Potential Early Warning System For Lung Cancer Identified - also here, here
  33. October 12, 2007 - Obesity Boosts Gullet Cancer Risk Six Fold - also here, here
  34. October 12, 2007 - Chemotherapy For Breast Cancer More Successful If Certain Protein Is Expressed, Study Suggests
  35. October 12, 2007 - Young Women Suffering From Breast Cancer Do Not Necessarily Benefit From Chemotherapy - also here
  36. October 12, 2007 - Protein May Be Key In Developing Deadly Form Of Pancreatic Cancer - also here
  37. October 12, 2007 - New research may show why some prostate cancer recurs after treatment
  38. October 12, 2007 - Hope for ovarian cancer vaccine
  39. October 13, 2007 - Mouse Mammary Tumor Virus Can Replicate In Human Cells
  40. October 14, 2007 - Researchers to reveal comprehensive dos and don'ts for prostate cancer
Background


Nanoparticle drug delivery for cancer

References:
  1. October 8, 2007 - Nanoballs deliver drugs
  2. October 13, 2007 - Nanoengineers mine tiny diamonds for drug delivery - also here, here
Background, Background, Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. October 8, 2007 - Family dementia risk seen with Parkinson's disease - also here
  2. October 10, 2007 - Relatives Of Patients With Parkinson's Disease Risk Developing Dementia, Cognitive Impairment - also here
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. October 8, 2007 - Indonesia woman dies of bird flu, toll up to 87
  2. October 8, 2007 - New bird flu strain dangerous to humans
  3. October 9, 2007 - Grid Computing Offers New Hope In Race Against Bird Flu
  4. October 10, 2007 - Influenza: Insights Into Cell Specificity Of Human Vs. Avian Viruses - also here
  5. October 13, 2007 - Indonesian boy dies of bird flu: health ministry - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. October 8, 2007 - Alzheimer's Disease: Injectable Antibody May Attack Source Of Problem - also here
  2. October 12, 2007 - Anti-dementia drugs effective over long-term - also here
  3. October 12, 2007 - Innovative 3D-imaging technique captures brain damage linked to Alzheimer's disease - also here
  4. October 14, 2007 - Blood proteins may diagnose Alzheimer's
  5. October 14, 2007 - Preventing Alzheimer's Disease Early On
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. October 8, 2007 - Malaria Research Booming, But Scientific And Technical Gaps Apparent, Report Shows
Background


Health benefits of weight loss

References:
  1. October 9, 2007 - Widespread weight loss may reap health benefits - also here
Background, Background, Background


AIDS

References:
  1. October 9, 2007 - Drug Cocktail Stops Brain Damage Caused By HIV
  2. October 11, 2007 - New Hope For HIV Patients: Potent Peptides Inhibit HIV Entry Into Cells - also here
  3. October 11, 2007 - More collaboration needed after HIV vaccine flop
  4. October 11, 2007 - New class of drug offers hope to treatment-resistant AIDS patients
  5. October 12, 2007 - Merck says FDA approves new AIDS treatment - also here
  6. October 12, 2007 - Glaxo says FDA OKs use of HIV drug Lexiva with ritonavir
  7. October 12, 2007 - FDA Approves Anti-AIDS Pill From Merck - also here
Background


Tissue engineering

References:
  1. October 9, 2007 - Blood Vessels Grown From Patient's Skin
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. October 9, 2007 - MS nerve damage repaired in lab
  2. October 10, 2007 - Multiple Sclerosis: Myelin Sheath Repaired With Antibody In Mice - also here, here
  3. October 11, 2007 - No new cases of brain infection with Biogen drug - also here
  4. October 11, 2007 - Genes That Affect Responses Of Multiple Sclerosis Patients To Copaxone Identified - also here
  5. October 14, 2007 - MS That Runs In Families Appears More Severe Than Non-familial MS - also here
  6. October 14, 2007 - Cigarette Smoking May Accelerate Disability In Those With MS - also here
  7. October 14, 2007 - Genzyme MS drug effective but monitoring required
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. October 10, 2007 - Neighborly care keeps stem cells young
  2. October 10, 2007 - Doubts raised over stem-cell marker
  3. October 11, 2007 - Adult Stem Cells Lack Key Pluripotency Regulator - also here
  4. October 11, 2007 - Adult Stem Cells Implanted By Catheter Rejuvinate Heart After Heart Attack
  5. October 11, 2007 - Neighborly Care Keeps Stem Cells Young
  6. October 11, 2007 - Physicians Breathe Life Into Cutting-edge Stem Cell Procedure
  7. October 12, 2007 - How Stem Cells Decide To Become Either Skeletal Or Smooth Muscle - also here
  8. October 12, 2007 - Repressor Protein Blocks Neural Stem Cell Development - also here
  9. October 13, 2007 - Dual Intrinsic And Extrinsic Control Of Stem Cell Aging Demonstrated - also here, here
Background


Health-promoting potato phytochemicals

References:
  1. October 10, 2007 - Potatoes Chock Full Of Phytochemicals
Background


Brain proteins

References:
  1. October 10, 2007 - Preventing Neurodegenerative Diseases By Studying Proteins In The Brain
Background, Background


Stress and disease

References:
  1. October 10, 2007 - Stress Contributes To Range Of Chronic Diseases, Review Shows - also here
Background, Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. October 10, 2007 - One Shot Of Gene Therapy Spreads Through Brain In Animal Study - also here, here
Background


Inflammation and macular degeneration

References:
  1. October 10, 2007 - Elevated Inflammatory Marker May Be Linked To Increased Risk Of Age-related Eye Disease - also here, here
Background


Quantum dot drug delivery for cancer

References:
  1. October 12, 2007 - Nanoparticle lights up at the site of cancer
Background, Background, Background, Background


Epigenetic cancer therapy

References:
  1. October 12, 2007 - New molecules discovered that block cancer cells from modifying cell DNA - also here
Background, Background


Anti-microbial properties of resveratrol

References:
  1. October 13, 2007 - Red Wine And Grape Juice Help Defend Against Food-borne Diseases, Study Suggests - also here
Background


Enzyme stimulation of fat cell formation

References:
  1. October 14, 2007 - Enzyme Promotes Fat Formation - also here, here
Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved