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Volume 6, Number 41
October 8, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Planet formation
Arctic ice cover
Magnetars
Global warming
Quantum gravity test
Terahertz radiation
Quantum computing
Dark matter and dilatons
Star forming regions
Planetary nebulae
Carbon nanotubes
Adenine and astrochemistry
Mass limits for particles outside the standard model
All-wavelength Extended Groth Strip International Survey
Bose-Einstein condensates
Superconductivity
Origin of cosmic rays
Speed of gravity
Dark matter
Distant dwarf galaxy
Nanotechnology
Dark energy
Artificial-atom laser
Hydrogen storage
Quantum dots

Life sciences

Cancer biology
Cheating in bacterial communication
Development of lymphatic vessels
Language learning
Dopamine, genetics, and learning
Stem cells and cancer
Telomeres
Brain-imaging studies
Genetic variability and structural changes to DNA
Tool use by crows
Speed limit on rate of molecular evolution
Gene regulation database
Neural prosthetic algorithms
Embryonic development and brain folding
Protein folds and the history of life
Signal transduction and acetylation
Molecular evolution, DNA mutation rate, and metabolic rate
Stem cell epigenetics
Speciation
Mapping disease genes in dogs
Cilia and Wnt signaling
Long-term potentiation
Memory and emotion

Health and medicine

Avian flu
Evaluation of diets
Hepatitis C
Cardiovascular disease
Alzheimer's disease
Fat intake and diabetes
Cancer
Stem cells
Calorie restriction, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease
MicroRNA and AIDS
Diabetes
Sleep duration and mortality
Anorexia and drug addiction
Glucose, reactive oxygen species, and longevity
Tissue engineering
Cholesterol and atherosclerosis
Glycemic index and health
Leptin and diabetes
Nicotine addiction
Hypertension and memory
Hepatitis B
Schizophrenia
Lupus
Resveratrol, SIRT1, and insulin sensitivity
Proinflammatory proteins, stress, Epstein-Barr virus, and atherosclerosis
Ulcerative colitis
Rheumatoid arthritis
Mitochondrial diseases and longevity
Nanoparticle drug delivery
Autoimmune diseases



Physical sciences and technology


Planet formation

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - Sign of 'Embryonic Planets' Forming in Nearby Stellar Systems - also here, here, here
  2. October 1, 2007 - Pluto-Sized Planet Embryos Detected
  3. October 2, 2007 - 'Embryonic planets' in our neighbourhood may hold clue to missing link in planet-formation theory
  4. October 3, 2007 - Star System 'Just Right' for Building an Earth - also here, here
  5. October 3, 2007 - Earth-like planet forming 424 light years away
  6. October 3, 2007 - Birth of an Earthlike Planet Spied By Spitzer
  7. October 3, 2007 - Interstellar soup could be recipe for future Earth, astronomers say
  8. October 3, 2007 - Astronomers See Second Earth in the Making
  9. October 4, 2007 - Earth-like planet forming on our doorstep
  10. October 4, 2007 - Formation of 'Earth-like' proto-planet detected
  11. October 4, 2007 - Earth-like Planet Forming In Nearby Star System, Astronomers Believe
Background


Arctic ice cover

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - Scientists see dramatic drop in Arctic sea ice
  2. October 2, 2007 - Arctic ice shrinks to record low
  3. October 2, 2007 - Ice cap melt seen "very, very alarming"
  4. October 2, 2007 - Arctic Melt Unnerves the Experts
  5. October 2, 2007 - Arctic Sea Ice Extent May Have Fallen By 50 Percent Since 1950s - also here, here
  6. October 13, 2007 - Arctic Sea Ice Falls to Modern Low
Background


Magnetars

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - Astronomers Pinpoint Origin Of Nature's Most Powerful Magnetic Bursts
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - Impact Of Arctic Heat Wave Stuns Climate Change Researchers
Background


Quantum gravity test

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - Gamma Ray Delay May Be Sign of 'New Physics'
Background


Terahertz radiation

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - Using Terahertz Radiation to Control Material Properties
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - New one-way quantum computer design offers possibility of efficient optical information processing
  2. October 4, 2007 - New Material May Lead To Advances In Quantum Computing - also here, here
Background


Dark matter and dilatons

References:
  1. October 2, 2007 - Dilaton Could Affect Abundance Of Dark Matter Particles - also here
Background, Background


Star forming regions

References:
  1. October 2, 2007 - Extreme star cluster bursts into life in new Hubble image
  2. October 2, 2007 - Hubble Finds Crystal-Clear View of Young Star Cluster
Background


Planetary nebulae

References:
  1. October 3, 2007 - Disc Of Silicates Found In Heart Of Magnificent Ant Nebula
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. October 3, 2007 - Nanotube Forests Grown On Silicon Chips For Future Computers, Electronics - also here, here
  2. October 5, 2007 - Nanotubes Can Probe Living Cells, Even Individual Organelles - also here
Background


Adenine and astrochemistry

References:
  1. October 3, 2007 - Could Adenine From Interstellar Dust Have Triggered Life On Earth? Elsewhere? - also here
Background


Mass limits for particles outside the standard model

References:
  1. October 3, 2007 - New Particles Get A Mass Boost - also here, here
Background


All-wavelength Extended Groth Strip International Survey

References:
  1. October 3, 2007 - X-ray images key to understanding evolution of galaxies
  2. October 4, 2007 - Black holes, galaxies young and old visible in massive mapping of the night sky - also here
  3. October 8, 2007 - Multiwavelength Images Of Distant Universe Now Available On Google Sky - also here
Background


Bose-Einstein condensates

References:
  1. October 3, 2007 - Josephson effect seen in atomic gas
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. October 4, 2007 - Professor probes superconductivity - also here, here
  2. October 4, 2007 - New research sheds light on shimmering superconductivity and the courtship of electrons
Background


Origin of cosmic rays

References:
  1. October 4, 2007 - Tracing the Trail of Cosmic Rays
  2. October 9, 2007 - NASA: Major Step Toward Knowing Origin of Cosmic Rays - also here, here, here
  3. October 10, 2007 - Origin of Cosmic Rays Confirmed
Background, Background


Speed of gravity

References:
  1. October 4, 2007 - Physicist Defends Einstein's Theory And 'Speed Of Gravity' Measurement - also here
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. October 4, 2007 - Dark Matter Of The Universe Has A Long Lifetime - also here, here, here
  2. October 8, 2007 - Invisible Matter Won't Disappear Anytime Soon
Background


Distant dwarf galaxy

References:
  1. October 4, 2007 - Scientists 'Weigh' Tiny Galaxy Halfway Across Universe - also here, here
  2. October 5, 2007 - Trick of Nature Allows Hubble and Keck to Find Tiny Galaxy
  3. October 5, 2007 - Tiny Galaxy Spotted Halfway Across the Universe
  4. October 16, 2007 - Galactic lens 'weighs' puny galaxy
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. October 4, 2007 - Researchers shed light on light-emitting nanodevice
  2. October 5, 2007 - Nanofabrication method paves way for new optical devices - also here, here
Background


Dark energy

References:
  1. October 5, 2007 - Brighter supernovae make dark energy even murkier
  2. October 5, 2007 - Supernovae not what they used to be
Background, Background


Artificial-atom laser

References:
  1. October 5, 2007 - Artificial-atom laser debuts
Background


Hydrogen storage

References:
  1. October 6, 2007 - Hydrogen Storage Model Speeds Development Of Alternative Fuel Vehicles
Background


Quantum dots

References:
  1. October 7, 2007 - What Makes Quantum Dots Blink? - also here, here
Background



Life sciences


Cancer biology

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - How Cancer May Take Hold
Background


Cheating in bacterial communication

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - Bacteria Join Ranks Of Lazy Cheaters
Background


Development of lymphatic vessels

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - Venous origin of the mammalian lymphatic vasculature - also here
  2. October 4, 2007 - Century-old Debate On Origin Of Mammalian Network Of Lymphatic Vessels Settled - also here
Background


Language learning

References:
  1. October 2, 2007 - Native Language Governs The Way Toddlers Interpret Speech Sounds
Background


Dopamine, genetics, and learning

References:
  1. October 2, 2007 - Genes May Hold The Keys To How Humans Learn
Background, Background


Stem cells and cancer

References:
  1. October 2, 2007 - Researchers announce new methods of beating breast cancer
  2. October 3, 2007 - Stem cells recruited to help cancers grow
  3. October 4, 2007 - Stomach Stem Cell Discovery Could Bring Cancer Insights - also here, here
Background, Background


Telomeres

References:
  1. October 3, 2007 - Minimum telomere length defined for healthy cells
  2. October 4, 2007 - Telomeres: more than just protectors
  3. October 5, 2007 - Early Cancer Detection May Be Aided By Telomeres - also here
  4. October 7, 2007 - New Telomere Discovery Could Help Explain Why Cancer Cells Never Stop Dividing - also here
  5. October 17, 2007 - Chromosome caps may explain cell immortality
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. October 3, 2007 - Be Good Now, Or Else
  2. October 4, 2007 - Breaking rules makes your brain light up
  3. October 5, 2007 - Crime and Punishment: Why Do We Conform to Society?
  4. October 5, 2007 - Brain's 'Social Enforcer' Centers Identified - also here, here
  5. October 5, 2007 - Scientists search for brain center responsible for tinnitus
Background


Genetic variability and structural changes to DNA

References:
  1. October 3, 2007 - Individual Differences Caused By Shuffled Chunks Of DNA In The Human Genome
Background


Tool use by crows

References:
  1. October 4, 2007 - Tool use by shy crows caught on camera
  2. October 4, 2007 - The Secret Lives of Tool-Wielding Crows
  3. October 4, 2007 - Birds use tools to forage for food: study - also here
  4. October 4, 2007 - Clever crows are caught on camera
  5. October 4, 2007 - Crows Bend Twigs Into Tools to Find Food - also here, here, here
  6. October 10, 2007 - Tiny Crow Camera Spies On Clever Birds
Background


Speed limit on rate of molecular evolution

References:
  1. October 4, 2007 - Beyond A 'Speed Limit' On Mutations, Species Risk Extinction - also here
Background


Gene regulation database

References:
  1. October 4, 2007 - Free shopping in a virtual bazaar of gene regulation data - also here, here
Background


Neural prosthetic algorithms

References:
  1. October 4, 2007 - Research helps convert brain signals into action - also here, here
Background


Embryonic development and brain folding

References:
  1. October 5, 2007 - Engineers Study Brain Folding In Higher Mammals - also here, here
Background, Background


Protein folds and the history of life

References:
  1. October 5, 2007 - Census Of Protein Architectures Offers New View Of History Of Life - also here, here
Background, Background


Signal transduction and acetylation

References:
  1. October 5, 2007 - Researchers Make Major Signal Transduction Discovery - also here, here
Background


Molecular evolution, DNA mutation rate, and metabolic rate

References:
  1. October 5, 2007 - Researchers devise way to calculate rates of evolution - also here, here
Background, Background, Background


Stem cell epigenetics

References:
  1. October 5, 2007 - Human embryonic stem cells remain embryonic because of epigenetic factors - also here
Background, Background


Speciation

References:
  1. October 5, 2007 - Genes from the father facilitate the formation of new species - also here, here
Background


Mapping disease genes in dogs

References:
  1. October 6, 2007 - In Dogs, A Shortcut To Mapping Disease Genes
Background


Cilia and Wnt signaling

References:
  1. October 6, 2007 - Cilia: Small Organelles, Big Decisions - also here, here
Background


Long-term potentiation

References:
  1. October 7, 2007 - Memory Processes Restored In Mice With Mental Impairment
Background


Memory and emotion

References:
  1. October 7, 2007 - Why Emotionally Charged Events Are So Memorable - also here
  2. October 20, 2007 - Emotional memory
Background, Background



Health and medicine


Avian flu

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - Jakarta man becomes Indonesia's 86th bird flu victim - also here, here
  2. October 1, 2007 - Bird flu outbreak reported in Russia
  3. October 4, 2007 - Bird flu virus mutating into human-unfriendly form - also here
  4. October 4, 2007 - Bird Flu Viruses Found In Africa And Europe 'Closest To Becoming A Human Virus' - also here
Background


Evaluation of diets

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - Dietary quality of popular diets varies: study - also here
  2. October 3, 2007 - Best Weight-loss Plans For Heart Health Identified - also here
Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - Vertex hep C drug shows real promise, limitations - also here
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - Panic attacks, heart attacks linked in study - also here
  2. October 1, 2007 - Anger and Stress Contribute To Coronary Heart Disease
  3. October 1, 2007 - Heart damage 'may boost defences'
  4. October 2, 2007 - Treating Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Preventing Heart Attacks And Strokes
  5. October 2, 2007 - Panic Attacks Linked To Heart Attack Risk In Women
  6. October 3, 2007 - High Blood Pressure May Be Due To Excess Weight In Half Of Overweight Adults - also here
  7. October 3, 2007 - Hearts Are Experts At Self-preservation - also here, here
  8. October 3, 2007 - New study shows Concord grape juice has a heart-healthy effect not yet reported with red wine - also here
  9. October 4, 2007 - Antidepressant response may predict cardiac event - also here
  10. October 5, 2007 - Double Cardiovascular Benefit For People With Chronic Kidney Disease - also here
  11. October 6, 2007 - Could Cardiovascular Disease Be Controlled Through A Brain Pathway? - also here, here
  12. October 7, 2007 - Left Main Coronary Artery Disease Can Double Or Triple Heart Risk In Siblings - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - Conscientious people are less prone to Alzheimer's - also here
  2. October 1, 2007 - Driven People May Avoid Alzheimer's - also here, here, here
  3. October 1, 2007 - More evidence ties education to lower dementia risk
  4. October 2, 2007 - Parkinson's and Alzheimer's dementia very different - also here
  5. October 2, 2007 - Goal Oriented People May Avoid Alzheimer's Disease
  6. October 2, 2007 - Low Education Level Linked To Alzheimer's, Study Shows
  7. October 3, 2007 - Aricept ineffective for agitation of Alzheimer's - also here
  8. October 4, 2007 - Linking 2 molecular pieces of the Alzheimer's puzzle - also here
  9. October 5, 2007 - Chemical Compound Found In Tree Bark Stimulates Growth, Survival Of Brain Cells - also here
  10. October 5, 2007 - Cholesterol metabolism links early- and late-onset Alzheimer's disease - also here, here
Background


Fat intake and diabetes

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - Not all types of fat are harmful - also here
  2. October 3, 2007 - Not all fat harms liver
Background, Background


Cancer

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - Patients With Coronary Artery Disease Appear To Have Increased Prevalence Of Colorectal Tumors
  2. October 1, 2007 - DNA Damage Response Confers A Barrier For Viral Tumorigenesis
  3. October 1, 2007 - New breast cancer drug unveiled
  4. October 2, 2007 - Popular Prostate Cancer Treatment May Encourage Spread Of Cancer, Study Suggests - also here, here
  5. October 2, 2007 - Virus jab may help combat cancer
  6. October 3, 2007 - High white cell count may predict cancer: study - also here
  7. October 3, 2007 - DNA test could detect cervical cancer early: study - also here
  8. October 3, 2007 - Pregnancy may protect against breast cancer
  9. October 3, 2007 - Drink Your Milk: It May Prevent The Spread Of Breast Cancer To Bone
  10. October 3, 2007 - New Evidence Of Prolactin's Possible Role In Breast Cancer Uncovered - also here
  11. October 3, 2007 - Residual Fetal Cells In Women May Provide Protection Against Breast Cancer - also here, here
  12. October 3, 2007 - Drug Has Ability To Cure Type Of Leukemia - also here, here
  13. October 3, 2007 - Dietary calcium could possibly prevent the spread of breast cancer to bone
  14. October 3, 2007 - Fetal cell 'transplant' could be a hidden link between childbirth and reduced risk of breast cancer
  15. October 3, 2007 - Studies Endorse 'Virtual Colonoscopy' - also here, here, here, here
  16. October 4, 2007 - Fats, meat unlikely to impact prostate cancer risk - also here
  17. October 4, 2007 - Thalidomide helps elderly cancer patients: study - also here
  18. October 4, 2007 - New Breast Cancer Treatment Nearing Clinical Trials
  19. October 4, 2007 - Trial Seeks 'Genetic Fingerprint' for Predicting Drug Effectiveness - also here, here
  20. October 4, 2007 - Naturally-occurring apple compounds reduce risk of pancreatic cancer - also here
  21. October 4, 2007 - Cell skeleton may hold key to overcoming drug resistance in cancer - also here
  22. October 4, 2007 - Bilberry extract -- can it help prevent certain cancers? - also here
  23. October 5, 2007 - Thalidomide improves myeloma survival in elderly - also here
  24. October 5, 2007 - Belly fat, weight cycling ups kidney cancer risk - also here
  25. October 5, 2007 - New Strategies With Greater Antitumorous Efficacy
  26. October 5, 2007 - Studies Lend Insights Into Colorectal Cancer Screening - also here, here
  27. October 5, 2007 - Why Do Certain Cancers Become Resistant To Drugs?
  28. October 5, 2007 - Daisies Lead Scientists Down Path To New Leukemia Drug - also here, here
  29. October 6, 2007 - Improving Cancer Diagnosis
  30. October 7, 2007 - Improving Liver Cancer Diagnosis
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - Immune System Modulation Can Halt Liver Failure In Animals
  2. October 2, 2007 - Can Stem Cells Rescue Failing Hearts?
  3. October 5, 2007 - Researchers test stem cell therapy for heart patients - also here, here
  4. October 5, 2007 - Stem cells may enhance capability of heart cells to regenerate
Background


Calorie restriction, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - Population-Wide Weight Loss In Cuba Resulted In Fewer Deaths From Diabetes And Heart Disease
Background, Background, Background


MicroRNA and AIDS

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - MicroRNAs May Be Key To HIV's Ability To Hide, Evade Drugs - also here
Background, Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - Botched Production Of Insulin Molecule May Lead To Diabetes - also here, here
  2. October 2, 2007 - Clinical Trials For Diabetes Drugs Should Measure Outcomes Important To Patients, Doctors Urge
  3. October 6, 2007 - Better Type 2 Diabetes Treatment Closer As Scientists Solve Critical Part Of Insulin Puzzle
  4. October 6, 2007 - Genetic 'Roadblock' Hoped To Inspire Future Type 2 Diabetes Research - also here
Background


Sleep duration and mortality

References:
  1. October 1, 2007 - Both short and long sleep is associated with increased mortality
Background


Anorexia and drug addiction

References:
  1. October 2, 2007 - Starving is like ecstasy use for anorexia sufferers
  2. October 3, 2007 - Anorexia may represent an addiction - also here
Background, Background


Glucose, reactive oxygen species, and longevity

References:
  1. October 2, 2007 - Life can be sweeter if you cut out the sugar - also here
  2. October 6, 2007 - Avoiding Sweets May Spell A Longer Life, Study In Worms Suggests - also here
Background, Background


Tissue engineering

References:
  1. October 2, 2007 - Putting the Squeeze on Nanothreads to Spin Living Tissue
  2. October 12, 2007 - Cell-squirting needles could 'weave' new organs
Background


Cholesterol and atherosclerosis

References:
  1. October 2, 2007 - Findings shed light on harmful cholesterol effect - also here
Background


Glycemic index and health

References:
  1. October 2, 2007 - 'Bad Carbs' Not The Enemy, Professor Finds - also here
Background


Leptin and diabetes

References:
  1. October 2, 2007 - Potential Role Of Leptin In Diabetes Discovered - also here
Background, Background


Nicotine addiction

References:
  1. October 2, 2007 - Mechanism Behind Nicotine Dependency Revealed - also here
Background


Hypertension and memory

References:
  1. October 2, 2007 - Memory Tasks Require More Coordinated Brain Blood Flow For People With High Blood Pressure
Background, Background


Hepatitis B

References:
  1. October 2, 2007 - How To Fight Treacherous Hepatitis B
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. October 3, 2007 - Schizophrenia Candidate Genes Affect Even Healthy Individuals
Background


Lupus

References:
  1. October 3, 2007 - Vaccine-like Treatment Shows Promise For Fighting Lupus
Background


Resveratrol, SIRT1, and insulin sensitivity

References:
  1. October 4, 2007 - Red Wine Ingredient -- Resveratrol -- Fights Diabetes In Mice - also here
Background, Background


Proinflammatory proteins, stress, Epstein-Barr virus, and atherosclerosis

References:
  1. October 4, 2007 - Depression, Aging, And Proteins Made By A Virus May All Play Role In Heart Disease - also here
Background, Background, Background, Background


Ulcerative colitis

References:
  1. October 5, 2007 - Deficiency Of Immune System 'Peacekeeper' Pinpointed In Mice As Cause Of Ulcerative Colitis - also here
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. October 5, 2007 - Genes That Increase Rheumatoid Arthritis Risk Identified - also here, here
Background


Mitochondrial diseases and longevity

References:
  1. October 5, 2007 - Worm Study Sheds Light On Human Aging, Inherited Diseases - also here, here
Background


Nanoparticle drug delivery

References:
  1. October 6, 2007 - Developing A Modular, Nanoparticle Drug Delivery System - also here, here
Background, Background


Autoimmune diseases

References:
  1. October 7, 2007 - New cancer drugs could help in autoimmune disease - also here
  2. October 16, 2007 - Cancer drugs could fight autoimmune disease
Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved