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Volume 6, Number 40
October 1, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Extrasolar planets
Naked singularities
Quantum spin Hall effect electronics
Nanotechnology
Galaxy evolution
Quantum computing
Quantum communication
Global warming
Quantum dots
Magnetic fields of young stars
Oxygen in Earth's mantle
Terahertz radiation
Arctic ice cover
Quantum non-commutative effect
Proton spin
Carbon nanotubes
Origins of Earth's oxygen
Carbon sequestration
Formation of planetary nebulae
Ion propulsion
Earthquakes
Quark-gluon plasma
Spintronics
Quantum cryptography
Radio hyperburst

Life sciences

Stem cells and Wnt signaling
Firefly evolution
Synesthesia
Hydrocarbon-powered bacteria
Timing of cell division
Nonconscious visual attention system
Cancer biology
Brain development in embryogenesis
Brain-imaging studies
Developmental biology
MicroRNA and cancer
Complexins, neurotransmitters, and synapses
C-reactive protein and personality
Eye movement and problem solving
Genomic variation
Radiation resistance in bacteria
Learning and circadian clocks
Music and language
Altruism in wasps
Molecular evolution
Neanderthals
Language learning

Health and medicine

Cancer
Sleep deprivation and cardiovascular disease
Avian flu
Diabetes
Carbohydrate metabolism
Rheumatoid arthritis
Alzheimer's disease
Cardiovascular disease
Therapeutic antibodies
Prions
RNA interference therapy
Alcohol consumption and memory
AIDS
Vitamin E
Stem cells
Glycemic index and fat metabolism
Antioxidant supplements and cognitive function
Tuberculosis
Alzheimer's disease and insulin
Malaria
Carbon nanotube drug delivery
Nanoparticle photodynamic cancer therapy
Dichloroacetate
Parkinson's disease
Cognitive benefits of high-carb diet
Autoimmune diseases
Schizophrenia
Autism
Feeding behavior and stress
Gene therapy
Alteration of gene expression by smoking



Physical sciences and technology


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. September 24, 2007 - 'Sci-fi' model worlds aid planet classification
  2. September 24, 2007 - NASA Imagines Earth-Like Worlds
  3. September 25, 2007 - Cornucopia Of Earth-sized Planets Modeled By NASA - also here, here
Background


Naked singularities

References:
  1. September 24, 2007 - Some Black Holes May Not Be Black, But Rather 'Naked Singularities' - also here, here
  2. October 1, 2007 - Is a 'naked singularity' lurking in our galaxy?
Background


Quantum spin Hall effect electronics

References:
  1. September 25, 2007 - It's all in the spin: Quantum physics cools down computers
  2. September 26, 2007 - Quantum spin Hall effect glimpsed in HgTe
Background, Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. September 25, 2007 - Researchers Develop Nanoblade
  2. September 27, 2007 - Using catalysts to stamp nanopatterns without ink - also here, here
  3. September 27, 2007 - New possibilities for boron nanotubes
  4. September 28, 2007 - Doping Technique Brings Nanomechanical Devices Into The Semiconductor World - also here, here
  5. September 28, 2007 - Nanowire Generates Power By Harvesting Energy From The Environment - also here, here
  6. September 28, 2007 - Measurements from the edge: magnetic properties of thin films - also here, here
  7. September 29, 2007 - Single Molecule Based Electronic Components Modelled - also here, here
Background


Galaxy evolution

References:
  1. September 25, 2007 - Galactic Nature Vs. Nurture
  2. September 26, 2007 - Baby Booms And Birth Control In Space - also here
Background, Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. September 26, 2007 - Quantum chip rides on superconducting bus
  2. September 27, 2007 - Two Giant Steps In Advancement Of Quantum Computing Achieved - also here
  3. September 27, 2007 - Microchip 'bus' links up quantum bits
  4. September 28, 2007 - Quantum Chip Sends Information by Bus
  5. September 28, 2007 - A faster way to better quantum computers
Background


Quantum communication

References:
  1. September 26, 2007 - Quantum communication: atoms talk long distance - also here
  2. September 27, 2007 - Superconducting Quantum Computing Cable Created - also here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. September 26, 2007 - Changing climate blows away record book
  2. September 26, 2007 - Greenland Snow Melting Hit Record High In High Places, NASA Finds - also here, here
  3. September 27, 2007 - Arctic heat wave stuns climate change researchers
  4. September 27, 2007 - Warming linked to 'unprecedented' algae growth in Arctic lake
  5. September 29, 2007 - North America's Northernmost Lake Affected By Global Warming - also here, here
Background


Quantum dots

References:
  1. September 26, 2007 - New Record For Brightness Of Quantum Dots Set - also here, here
Background


Magnetic fields of young stars

References:
  1. September 26, 2007 - Spinning slowly in the web
Background


Oxygen in Earth's mantle

References:
  1. September 26, 2007 - Life-giving rocks from a depth of 250 km
Background


Terahertz radiation

References:
  1. September 26, 2007 - T-rays Where You Want Them
Background


Arctic ice cover

References:
  1. September 26, 2007 - 'Remarkable' Drop in Arctic Sea Ice Raises Questions - also here
  2. September 28, 2007 - Arctic thaw may be at "tipping point"
Background


Quantum non-commutative effect

References:
  1. September 27, 2007 - This quantum stuff just doesn't add up
Background


Proton spin

References:
  1. September 27, 2007 - A New Look At The Proton - also here
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. September 27, 2007 - Scientists Get First Look At Nanotubes Inside Living Animals - also here, here
  2. September 28, 2007 - Using Nanotubes To Detect and Repair Cracks in Aircraft Wings, Other Structures - also here, here
Background


Origins of Earth's oxygen

References:
  1. September 27, 2007 - Oxygen Probably Present 50 To 100 Million Years Earlier Than First Believed - also here
  2. September 27, 2007 - New Study Challenges Timeline of Oxygen - also here
  3. September 28, 2007 - Scientists push back origins of Earth's oxygen - also here
  4. September 28, 2007 - Whiff of ancient oxygen turns back clock
  5. September 28, 2007 - Researchers detect hint of oxygen 50 to 100 million years earlier than first believed
Background


Carbon sequestration

References:
  1. September 27, 2007 - Carbon Dioxide Underground Storage Feasible Using 'Off-the-Shelf' Technology from Oil Industry
Background


Formation of planetary nebulae

References:
  1. September 27, 2007 - VLT interferometer detects disc around aged star - also here
Background


Ion propulsion

References:
  1. September 28, 2007 - Next-generation ion engine sets new thrust record
  2. September 28, 2007 - NASA's Ion Engine Breaks Performance Record
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. September 28, 2007 - Structure, Deformation, and Strength of the Loma Prieta Fault In California
Background


Quark-gluon plasma

References:
  1. September 28, 2007 - Understanding The Big Bang: Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider Aids Search For Quark-gluon Plasma
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. September 28, 2007 - Quantum Device Traps, Detects And Manipulates The Spin Of Single Electrons - also here, here
Background


Quantum cryptography

References:
  1. September 28, 2007 - 'Dead time' limits quantum cryptography speeds - also here, here
Background


Radio hyperburst

References:
  1. September 28, 2007 - Mysterious Energy Burst Stuns Astronomers - also here
  2. September 28, 2007 - Hyperburst may signal something new in cosmos
Background



Life sciences


Stem cells and Wnt signaling

References:
  1. September 24, 2007 - New Insights into the Control of Stem Cells: Keeping the Right Balance
Background, Background


Firefly evolution

References:
  1. September 24, 2007 - Biologists Expose Hidden Costs Of Firefly Flashes: Risky Balance Between Sex And Death
Background


Synesthesia

References:
  1. September 24, 2007 - Explanation For Synesthesia? Area Deep Within Brain Plays A Role In Sensory Perception - also here
  2. September 26, 2007 - Research may help explain aspects of synesthesia
Background


Hydrocarbon-powered bacteria

References:
  1. September 24, 2007 - Natural gas inhabited by unusual specialists
Background


Timing of cell division

References:
  1. September 24, 2007 - Sizing cells up: Researchers pinpoint when a cell is ready to reproduce - also here
Background


Nonconscious visual attention system

References:
  1. September 24, 2007 - Modern Humans Retain Caveman's Survival Instincts
  2. September 26, 2007 - Nonconscious Visual Attention System Identified In Humans - also here
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. September 25, 2007 - Discovery Of Widespread Tumor Growth Gene Holds Promise For Effective Anti-cancer Treatment - also here
Background


Brain development in embryogenesis

References:
  1. September 25, 2007 - How Does The Brain Develop During Embryogenesis? - also here
Background, Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. September 25, 2007 - Boys have biological reason to be troublesome
  2. September 30, 2007 - Doctors Learn To Control Their Own Brains' Pain Responses To Better Treat Patients - also here
Background


Developmental biology

References:
  1. September 25, 2007 - Explorer completes the map... for the body's blueprint
  2. September 28, 2007 - How The Zebrafish Gets His Stripe - also here, here
Background


MicroRNA and cancer

References:
  1. September 26, 2007 - Small Molecules, Big Problem
  2. September 26, 2007 - Tiny RNAs, big problems
  3. October 2, 2007 - MicroRNA Convicted Of Triggering Metastasis
Background, Background


Complexins, neurotransmitters, and synapses

References:
  1. September 27, 2007 - Brain's Messengers Could Be Regulated, Study Suggests
Background


C-reactive protein and personality

References:
  1. September 27, 2007 - When The Going Gets Tough, Maybe You Should Quit - also here, here
Background


Eye movement and problem solving

References:
  1. September 27, 2007 - Eye Movement Can Affect Problem-solving, Cognition - also here
Background


Genomic variation

References:
  1. September 28, 2007 - Genetic Code-Dependent: DNA Structure Also Crucial to Genomic Variation
Background


Radiation resistance in bacteria

References:
  1. September 28, 2007 - Second Extremely Resistant Bacteria Sequenced Is Surprisingly Different From First
Background


Learning and circadian clocks

References:
  1. September 28, 2007 - Cockroaches Are Morons In The Morning, Geniuses In The Evening
Background


Music and language

References:
  1. September 28, 2007 - Music And Language Are Processed By The Same Brain Systems - also here
Background


Altruism in wasps

References:
  1. September 28, 2007 - Altruism Evolved From Maternal Behavior, Wasp Genetics Study Suggests
Background


Molecular evolution

References:
  1. September 28, 2007 - Smallpox Evolved Earlier Than Believed, According To Molecular Clock Analysis - also here, here
Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. September 30, 2007 - Neanderthals roamed as far as Siberia
  2. October 1, 2007 - Neanderthals trekked all the way into Siberia - also here
  3. October 2, 2007 - Fossil DNA Expands Neanderthal Range
  4. October 2, 2007 - Neanderthals trekked into Siberia
  5. October 13, 2007 - Ancient DNA moves Neandertals eastward
Background


Language learning

References:
  1. September 30, 2007 - Babies Raised In Bilingual Homes Learn New Words Differently Than Infants Learning One Language - also here, here
  2. October 10, 2007 - Bilingual babies show language lag
Background



Health and medicine


Cancer

References:
  1. September 24, 2007 - Roche says Avastin effective in colorectal cancer
  2. September 24, 2007 - Roche's Avastin helps inoperable colorectal cancer - also here
  3. September 24, 2007 - Older breast cancer patients face leukemia risk
  4. September 24, 2007 - Genes identified which predict response to breast cancer treatment
  5. September 24, 2007 - Simple test may help predict breast cancer return
  6. September 25, 2007 - Roche says Xeloda improves colon cancer survival - also here
  7. September 25, 2007 - AstraZeneca drug extends prostate cancer survival
  8. September 25, 2007 - Gene test backs focused use of Amgen's Vectibix
  9. September 25, 2007 - Cancer Cells In Blood Can Identify Risk Of Recurrence In Breast Cancer - also here, here
  10. September 25, 2007 - Pomegranate Juice: Tart, Trendy, And Targeted On Prostate Cancer Cells
  11. September 25, 2007 - Breast cancer genes to aid women
  12. September 25, 2007 - Docs Hope to Tailor Treatments to Genes - also here
  13. September 25, 2007 - Heart disease, colon cancer linked in study
  14. September 26, 2007 - Herceptin eradicates aggressive tumors: study - also here
  15. September 26, 2007 - New Chemotherapy Regimen Prolongs Survival In Difficult-to-treat Childhood Brainstem Gliomas - also here
  16. September 26, 2007 - Novel Strategy Under Study For Aggressive Leukemia - also here, here
  17. September 26, 2007 - Breast Cancer Susceptibility Gene Predicts Outcome And Response To Treatment In Lung Cancer
  18. September 26, 2007 - Skin Cancer Drug Said to Show Promise - also here
  19. September 27, 2007 - Three drinks a day ups breast cancer risk -study - also here
  20. September 27, 2007 - Searching For Biomarkers For Early Detection Of Colorectal Cancer - also here, here
  21. September 27, 2007 - Diet And Medications May Assist Prevention Of Prostate Cancer
  22. September 27, 2007 - Molecular Fingerprint Of Breast-cancer Drug Resistance Can Predict Response To Treatment - also here
  23. September 27, 2007 - Mutation Of The COX2 Gene Can Double Or Triple A Woman's Risk Of Ovarian Cancer - also here
  24. September 27, 2007 - Human Papillomavirus Might Cause Bladder Cancer, Research Suggests - also here, here
  25. September 27, 2007 - Got Stress? It Could Impact Breast Cancer Recurrence - also here
  26. September 27, 2007 - MR Spectroscopy Identifies Breast Cancer, Reduces Biopsies
  27. September 27, 2007 - Study makes progress in zoning in on biomarkers for better colon cancer treatment - also here
  28. September 27, 2007 - Studies suggest key correlation between lung cancer subtype and treatment outcomes - also here
  29. September 27, 2007 - Wine, women and... spirits, beer and breast cancer risk
  30. September 27, 2007 - Study indicates pregnancy does not harm chances of survival from cancer
  31. September 27, 2007 - Chemotherapy with gemcitabine delays progression of operable pancreatic cancer
  32. September 28, 2007 - Alcohol And Cancer: Is Drinking The New Smoking? - also here
  33. September 28, 2007 - Molecular Profiling Can Accurately Predict Survival In Colon Cancer Patients - also here, here
  34. September 28, 2007 - Experimental Drug Shows Promise In Advanced Kidney Cancer - also here
  35. September 28, 2007 - Fruits And Veggies Not Likely Linked To Colon Cancer Risk - also here
  36. September 28, 2007 - Alcohol Amount, Not Type -- Wine, Beer, Liquor -- Triggers Breast Cancer - also here
  37. September 28, 2007 - Study Fuels Debate Over Whether Exercise And Body Size Influence Ovarian Cancer Risk - also here, here
  38. September 28, 2007 - PET Scans Can Accurately Detect A Breast Tumor's Response To Chemotherapy
  39. September 28, 2007 - Genomic profiling of lung tumors helps doctors choose most effective treatment - also here
  40. September 28, 2007 - DNA damage response confers a barrier for viral tumorigenesis
  41. September 29, 2007 - Attacking Melanoma In An Innovative Way - also here
  42. September 30, 2007 - Experimental Drug Boosts Survival In Recurrent Ovarian Cancer - also here, here
  43. September 30, 2007 - Researchers discover one of the mechanisms that prevents the spread of colon cancer - also here, here
  44. September 30, 2007 - Action call on 'cancer lifestyle'
Background


Sleep deprivation and cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. September 24, 2007 - Lack of sleep may be deadly, research shows - also here
  2. September 24, 2007 - Lack Of Sleep Doubles Risk Of Death, But So Can Too Much Sleep - also here
Background, Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. September 24, 2007 - New test makes bird flu detection easier, cheaper - also here
  2. September 24, 2007 - Catching bird flu in a drop
  3. September 25, 2007 - Detecting Bird Flu: New Lab-on-chip Identifies H5N1 In Thirty Minutes - also here
  4. September 27, 2007 - Bird flu virus can pass mother to child: study - also here
  5. September 28, 2007 - Bird flu can infect babies in the womb
  6. September 28, 2007 - Bird flu passes from mother to foetus
  7. September 28, 2007 - Avian Flu In Humans Had Multiple Effects: Can Even Cross Placenta To Fetus
  8. September 28, 2007 - New field-deployable biosensor detects avian influenza virus in minutes instead of days - also here
  9. September 28, 2007 - New research shows how H5N1 virus causes disease
  10. October 3, 2007 - Bird-flu virus can pass from mother to unborn child
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. September 24, 2007 - Breath test for diabetes may be possible: study - also here
  2. September 25, 2007 - Omega-3 fatty acids protect against diabetes: study - also here,
  3. September 25, 2007 - Smart Insulin Nanostructures Pass Feasibility Test, Study Reports
  4. September 26, 2007 - Breath Analysis Offers Potential For Noninvasive Blood Sugar Monitoring In Diabetes - also here
  5. September 28, 2007 - Simple diabetes breath test hope
  6. October 1, 2007 - Diet Rich In Omega 3 Fatty Acids Could Thwart Diabetes Onset
Background


Carbohydrate metabolism

References:
  1. September 24, 2007 - Fattening carbs - some promote obesity and worse
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. September 25, 2007 - Cadila's drug for rheumatoid arthritis gets U.S. okay - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. September 25, 2007 - MRI may detect early Alzheimer's disease - also here
  2. September 26, 2007 - Brain Activity Might Point to Early Alzheimer's - also here
  3. September 27, 2007 - Radiologists Identify Early Brain Marker Of Alzheimer's Disease - also here, here
  4. September 28, 2007 - Loss of gene leads to protein splicing and buildup of toxic proteins in neurons - also here
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. September 25, 2007 - Common heart arrhythmia linked to dementia risk - also here
  2. September 26, 2007 - Lack of "good" cholesterol always poses heart risk - also here
  3. September 28, 2007 - Treating obstructive sleep apnea, preventing heart attacks and strokes
  4. September 28, 2007 - The beat goes on with AKAP18 - also here
  5. September 28, 2007 - Actos, Avandia heart failure risks confirmed: study
Background


Therapeutic antibodies

References:
  1. September 25, 2007 - New Model Could Improve Some Drugs' Effectiveness
Background


Prions

References:
  1. September 25, 2007 - Lymph nodes can be key in spreading prion infectivity - also here
Background


RNA interference therapy

References:
  1. September 26, 2007 - Study lifts cloud over promising genetic therapy - also here
  2. September 30, 2007 - Promising Genetic Therapy Uses RNA Interference
Background, Background


Alcohol consumption and memory

References:
  1. September 26, 2007 - Don't Forget: Drink a Beer - Or Two - Daily!
  2. September 27, 2007 - Drink to remember, not to forget
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. September 26, 2007 - Sudden Loss Of T Cells Is Not Trigger For AIDS, New Study Suggests - also here
  2. September 28, 2007 - Second pathway behind HIV-associated immune system dysfunction identified - also here, here
Background


Vitamin E

References:
  1. September 26, 2007 - Vitamin E Trials 'Fatally Flawed' - also here
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. September 26, 2007 - Stem Cells Show Promise For Treating Huntington's Disease - also here, here
  2. September 26, 2007 - Study of bone marrow stem cells in multiple sclerosis
Background


Glycemic index and fat metabolism

References:
  1. September 27, 2007 - Quick-burning Carbs May Cause Fatty Liver: Low-glycemic Diet Protected Mice
  2. September 28, 2007 - Glycemic Index Values Are Surprisingly Variable, Researchers Report - also here
Background


Antioxidant supplements and cognitive function

References:
  1. September 27, 2007 - You Can Teach An Old Dog New Tricks -- With The Right Diet
Background, Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. September 27, 2007 - Drug-resistant Tuberculosis Rises, But New Treatments In The Pipeline
Background


Alzheimer's disease and insulin

References:
  1. September 27, 2007 - Alzheimer's Disease Could Be A Third Form Of Diabetes - also here
Background, Background


Malaria

References:
  1. September 27, 2007 - How Adhesive Protein Causes Malaria - also here
Background


Carbon nanotube drug delivery

References:
  1. September 27, 2007 - Carbon Nanotubes Have Room for Multifunctionality
Background, Background


Nanoparticle photodynamic cancer therapy

References:
  1. September 27, 2007 - Nanoparticles Yield Safer Light-Activated Cancer Therapy
Background, Background, Background


Dichloroacetate

References:
  1. September 28, 2007 - Controversial drug DCA to get first human trials
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. September 28, 2007 - Gene mutation tied to early-onset Parkinson disease - also here
  2. September 28, 2007 - Scientists Spot Sneaky 'Neurodegenerative' Iron At The European Synchrotron
  3. September 29, 2007 - Tea compound aids dying brain cells
Background


Cognitive benefits of high-carb diet

References:
  1. September 28, 2007 - High-carb diet may help you think faster - also here
Background


Autoimmune diseases

References:
  1. September 28, 2007 - Occupational Exposures May Be Linked To Death From Autoimmune Disease
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. September 28, 2007 - Schizophrenia candidate genes affect even healthy individuals
Background


Autism

References:
  1. September 29, 2007 - Joint Attention Study Has Implications For Understanding Autism - also here
  2. September 30, 2007 - Autism Symptoms Can Improve Into Adulthood, Study Shows - also here, here
Background


Feeding behavior and stress

References:
  1. September 29, 2007 - Hormone-driven Effects On Eating, Stress Mediated By Same Brain Region
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. September 30, 2007 - 'Jumping Genes' Could Make For Safer Gene Delivery System - also here, here
Background


Alteration of gene expression by smoking

References:
  1. September 30, 2007 - Smoking is a turn-on for some genes: study
Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved