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Volume 6, Number 39
September 24, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Global warming
Magellanic Clouds
Climate effects of permafrost thawing
Arctic ice cover
Large Hadron Collider
Neutrons
Earthquakes
Nanowire data storage
Carbon nanotubes
Surface plasmon polaritons on nanostructures
Primordial black holes
Methane and global warming
Iron in the lower mantle
Water on Mars
Intergalactic star formation
Magnetars
Carbon nanotube integrated circuits
Quantum communications on a chip
Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope
Graphene
Nanotechnology
Neutron stars
Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array
Quantum entanglement

Life sciences

Synthetic biology
Gene evolution
Caspases
Protein folding
Animal hybrid vigor
Homo erectus
Evolution of menopause
Cancer biology
Metagenomics
Selective attention and hearing
Homo floresiensis
Sirtuins, mitochondria, and longevity
Spatial perception of sounds
Heat shock proteins and cancer
Necrosis
Adipocyte caveolae
Synesthesia
Testerone depletion and neurodegeneration
Speciation
Neurotransmitter receptors and memory
Cell differentiation in multicellular organisms
Formation of nuclear membrane during mitosis
RNA interference
P53 and longevity

Health and medicine

Parkinson's disease
Diabetes
Avian flu
Gene therapy
Cardiovascular disease
Cancer
Stem cells
Tuberculosis
Serotonin and depression
Alzheimer's disease
AIDS
Seasonal affective disorder
Stress and the immune system
Rheumatoid arthritis
Nanobiotechnology
Statins, lipases, and atherosclerosis
Antibiotic resistance
Antibiotics
Common cold viruses
Influenza
Autoimmune disease
Cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, and cancer
T cell response suppression in infection
Control of inflammatory disease and leukemia
Multiple sclerosis
Cancer stem cells
Fat metabolism



Physical sciences and technology


Global warming

References:
  1. September 17, 2007 - Shipping smoke plumes cool the atmosphere
  2. September 19, 2007 - Increase In Atmospheric Moisture Tied To Human Activities - also here, here
  3. September 23, 2007 - Scientists Hopeful Despite Climate Signs - also here, here
Background


Magellanic Clouds

References:
  1. September 17, 2007 - Milky Way keeps a light grip on speedy neighbours
  2. September 17, 2007 - Magellanic clouds: Single measurement throws out everything we thought we knew - also here
  3. September 18, 2007 - Milky Way Companions Just Passing Through
Background


Climate effects of permafrost thawing

References:
  1. September 17, 2007 - Peat And Forests Save Permafrost From Melting
  2. September 20, 2007 - A Climate Bomb Defused?
Background


Arctic ice cover

References:
  1. September 18, 2007 - Arctic sea ice at record low
  2. September 19, 2007 - Arctic summer ice just 1 metre thick
  3. September 20, 2007 - Arctic ice ebbs to record level: scientists - also here
  4. September 20, 2007 - Rising Surface Temperatures Drive Back Winter Ice In Barents Sea, Researchers Find
  5. September 21, 2007 - The North Pole Is Melting
  6. September 21, 2007 - Arctic Sea Ice Minimum Shatters All-time Record Low, Report Scientists - also here, here
  7. September 21, 2007 - Ice withdrawal 'shatters record'
  8. September 21, 2007 - Record sea ice melt this summer larger than Texas and Alaska
  9. September 21, 2007 - Scientists Report Severe Retreat of Arctic Ice
  10. September 21, 2007 - Arctic Sea Ice Shrinks to Record Low, Scientists Say
  11. September 21, 2007 - Arctic ice caps shrink to smallest ever size
  12. September 21, 2007 - Researchers stunned by rapid ice retreat
Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. September 18, 2007 - Large Hadron Collider Project To Study The Origins Of Matter
Background


Neutrons

References:
  1. September 18, 2007 - Accepted Notion Of Neutron's Electrical Properties Overturned By New Research - also here, here
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. September 18, 2007 - Does Underground Water Regulate Earthquakes?
Background


Nanowire data storage

References:
  1. September 18, 2007 - Computer Memory Designed In Nanoscale Can Retrieve Data 1,000 Times Faster - also here
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. September 18, 2007 - New carbon nanotube technology to reduce large-scale emissions
Background


Surface plasmon polaritons on nanostructures

References:
  1. September 18, 2007 - Surface plasmons enhance nanostructure possibilities
Background, Background


Primordial black holes

References:
  1. September 19, 2007 - Did the big bang spawn trillions of black holes?
Background


Methane and global warming

References:
  1. September 19, 2007 - Ancient British bog provides clue to global warming - also here, here, here
  2. September 19, 2007 - Bog helps build climate insights
  3. September 19, 2007 - Belching British Bogs Fueled Ancient Global Warming
  4. September 19, 2007 - Ancient British bog may hold climate change clues - also here
Background


Iron in the lower mantle

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - Getting a Handle on the Mantle
  2. September 20, 2007 - Physicists discover new layer in Earth's mantle
  3. September 20, 2007 - Earth's mantle in a spin
  4. September 21, 2007 - Deep Earth Model Challenged By New Experiment - also here
  5. September 24, 2007 - Researchers locate mantle's spin transition zone, leading to clues about Earth's structure
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - Lava may have buried signs of Mars water
  2. September 20, 2007 - Mars Images Reveal Few Signs of Recent Liquid Water
  3. September 20, 2007 - Hope for Water on Mars Dims with Sharp New Images
  4. September 20, 2007 - Mars Close-Up Casts Doubts on Signs of Recent Water
  5. September 23, 2007 - Insights About Mars Water And Climate From NASA Orbiter - also here
Background


Intergalactic star formation

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - Orphan Stars Found in Long Galaxy Tail - also here, here, here
  2. September 20, 2007 - Galaxy Sports Vast Comet-Like Tail
  3. September 21, 2007 - Twinkle, Twinkle, Lonely Stars
  4. September 28, 2007 - New Stars in a Galaxy's Wake
Background


Magnetars

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - Astronomers Pinpoint Origin of Nature's Most Powerful Magnetic Bursts
Background


Carbon nanotube integrated circuits

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - Toward Next-generation Integrated Circuits Made From Carbon Nanotubes
Background, Background


Quantum communications on a chip

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - Single-photon microwave source fits on a chip
Background


Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - NASA to launch gamma-ray telescope - also here, here, here
Background, Background, Background


Graphene

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - Graphene logic gate makes its debut
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. September 21, 2007 - Nanomaterials With A Bright Future
Background


Neutron stars

References:
  1. September 21, 2007 - 'Starquake' reveals star's powerful magnetic field
Background


Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array

References:
  1. September 21, 2007 - NASA resurrects cancelled black hole mission
  2. September 21, 2007 - NASA Plans Black Hole Finder
  3. September 21, 2007 - NASA Revives Probe to Study Black Holes - also here, here
  4. September 24, 2007 - NASA Restarts Telescope Mission to Detect Black Holes
Background


Quantum entanglement

References:
  1. September 21, 2007 - Imaging Quantum Entanglement - also here, here
Background



Life sciences


Synthetic biology

References:
  1. September 17, 2007 - Synthetic Genes Give Cells Something to Remember
Background


Gene evolution

References:
  1. September 17, 2007 - New Method Can Reveal Ancestry Of All Genes Across Many Different Genomes
Background


Caspases

References:
  1. September 18, 2007 - New Cell Death Pathway Involved In Sperm Development - also here
Background


Protein folding

References:
  1. September 18, 2007 - Secrets Of Protein Folding Coming Unlocked - also here
Background


Animal hybrid vigor

References:
  1. September 18, 2007 - New Light Shed On Hybrid Animals - also here
  2. September 27, 2007 - Thriving Hybrid Salamanders Contradict Common Wisdom - also here
Background


Homo erectus

References:
  1. September 19, 2007 - Human ancestor had mix of primitive, modern traits - also here
  2. September 19, 2007 - Georgia clues to human origins
  3. September 19, 2007 - Treasure trove of Homo erectus found
  4. September 19, 2007 - Odd Fossil Skeletons Show Both Apelike and Human Traits
  5. September 19, 2007 - Humanlike legs took homo out of Africa
  6. September 20, 2007 - Human ancestor had new legs but old skull
  7. September 20, 2007 - Fossils Reveal Clues on Human Ancestor
  8. September 26, 2007 - Human Ancestors More Primitive That Once Thought
Background


Evolution of menopause

References:
  1. September 19, 2007 - Caring grandmas explain evolutionary role of menopause
  2. September 20, 2007 - Menopause: blame it on evolution
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. September 19, 2007 - DNA 'Packaging' Important: If You Think Cancer Genes Are Simple, You Don't Know JAK - also here, here
  2. September 21, 2007 - Controlling for size may also prevent cancer - also here, here
Background


Metagenomics

References:
  1. September 19, 2007 - Metagenomics of the deep Mediterranean - also here, here
Background, Background


Selective attention and hearing

References:
  1. September 19, 2007 - Selective attention increases both gain and feature selectivity of the human auditory cortex - also here
Background


Homo floresiensis

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - 'Hobbit' wrist bones suggest a distinct species
  2. September 20, 2007 - 'Hobbit' wrists 'were primitive'
  3. September 20, 2007 - Wrist bones bolster hobbit status
  4. September 20, 2007 - Hobbits of Indonesia were different human species
  5. September 20, 2007 - Case Grows for 'Hobbit' as Human Ancestor
  6. September 20, 2007 - Scientists Confirm 'Hobbit' Species Was Human
  7. September 21, 2007 - Wrist gives hobbit theory the flick
  8. September 21, 2007 - Hobbit likely to be new species
  9. September 21, 2007 - New research sheds light on 'hobbit' - also here, here
  10. September 21, 2007 - Scientists: Hobbit Wasn't a Modern Human - also here, here, here, here
  11. September 21, 2007 - Yes, it's a Hobbit. The debate that has divided science is solved at last (sort of)
  12. September 21, 2007 - Study Says Bones Found in Far East Are of a Distinct Species
  13. September 21, 2007 - Human or Hobbit: it is all in the wrist
  14. September 21, 2007 - Hobbit evidence will silence critics, scientist says
  15. September 21, 2007 - New bone to pick with hobbit theory
Background


Sirtuins, mitochondria, and longevity

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - Eat (Less) to Live (Longer)
  2. September 20, 2007 - U.S. study finds potential new ways to fight aging - also here
  3. September 20, 2007 - Researchers Pinpoint Link Between Caloric Restriction and Longevity - also here, here
  4. September 21, 2007 - Researchers find connection between caloric restriction and longevity - also here
  5. September 21, 2007 - New Clue To Why Eating Fewer Calories Can Help You Live Longer
Background


Spatial perception of sounds

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - Hear That? How the Brain Finds Noise
  2. September 21, 2007 - Sensitivity of brain center for 'sound space' defined - also here
  3. September 22, 2007 - Brain Center For 'Sound Space' Identified - also here, here
Background, Background


Heat shock proteins and cancer

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - Cancer Cells Chill Out to Survive
  2. September 24, 2007 - Ancient Mechanism For Coping With Stresses Also Gives Cancer A Boost
  3. September 25, 2007 - Heat Shock Proteins Are Co-opted For Cancer
Background


Necrosis

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - Putting the Brakes on Cell Death
  2. September 21, 2007 - Pathway to cell death redefined in landmark study - also here
Background


Adipocyte caveolae

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - Intriguing Structures On The Surface Of Fat Cells
Background


Synesthesia

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - Synesthesia: Common Letters And Numbers Are Brighter, Study Suggests - also here
Background


Testerone depletion and neurodegeneration

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - Cell Death In Sparrow Brains May Provide Clues In Age-related Human Diseases - also here, here
Background, Background


Speciation

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - Why Are Some Groups Of Animals So Diverse? - also here
Background


Neurotransmitter receptors and memory

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - New understanding of basic units of memory - also here, here
  2. September 24, 2007 - Understanding The Neuron's Green Architecture
Background


Cell differentiation in multicellular organisms

References:
  1. September 21, 2007 - Why a person doesn't evolve in one lifetime
Background, Background, Background


Formation of nuclear membrane during mitosis

References:
  1. September 21, 2007 - Mystery Behind How Nuclear Membrane Forms During Mitosis Solved
Background


RNA interference

References:
  1. September 21, 2007 - Mechanism For The In-vivo Transport Of SiRNA - also here, here
Background


P53 and longevity

References:
  1. September 21, 2007 - Key To Longer Life (in Flies) Lies In Just 14 Brain Cells - also here
Background



Health and medicine


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. September 17, 2007 - Gene abnormality linked to early-onset Parkinson's - also here
  2. September 17, 2007 - Gene Abnormality Tied To Getting Parkinson's Disease At A Younger Age
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. September 17, 2007 - Study finds any kind of exercise helps diabetes - also here
  2. September 18, 2007 - Gestational diabetes ups obesity risk in offspring - also here
  3. September 18, 2007 - Both Aerobic And Resistance Exercise Improved Blood Sugar Control In People With Diabetes
  4. September 19, 2007 - Actos beats Avandia in sugar, fat control: study - also here
  5. September 20, 2007 - Diabetes may raise risk of death from pneumonia - also here
  6. September 21, 2007 - Novo's Levemir has mixed results in diabetes study - also here
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. September 17, 2007 - Possible bird flu outbreak occurs in China
  2. September 17, 2007 - China confirms bird flu outbreak in Guangdong
  3. September 17, 2007 - China confirms bird flu outbreak - also here
  4. September 18, 2007 - China confirms bird flu, says food supplies safe - also here
  5. September 23, 2007 - Scientists create device to detect H5N1 - also here
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. September 17, 2007 - No Easy Answers in Gene Therapy Death
  2. September 18, 2007 - Role of Gene Therapy In Death Called Unclear
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. September 17, 2007 - Drug Used For Treatment For Heart Failure In Adults May Not Be Beneficial For Children And Teens
  2. September 19, 2007 - Preventing Or Reducing Enlarged Heart Decreases Risk Of Heart Failure
  3. September 19, 2007 - Cholesterol Byproduct Blocks Heart Health Benefits Of Estrogen - also here
  4. September 19, 2007 - Article analyzes relationship of apolipoprotein E genotypes with lipid levels and coronary risk
  5. September 19, 2007 - Eating competence may lower risk of heart disease - also here
  6. September 20, 2007 - New research shows ACTOS is associated with a 38 percent lower risk of heart attack
  7. September 20, 2007 - Researchers provide genetic associations from a genome-wide scan for cardiovascular disease traits - also here, here
  8. September 21, 2007 - Overweight kids show heart risks as teens - also here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. September 18, 2007 - Simple blood test spots early stage lung cancer
  2. September 18, 2007 - New Study Refutes Belief That Black Men Have More Aggressive Prostate Cancer - also here
  3. September 18, 2007 - Linchpin Gene May Be Useful Target For New Breast Cancer Therapies - also here
  4. September 19, 2007 - Brain Tumors Need Treatment With Multiple 'Targeted' Drugs, Study Suggests
  5. September 19, 2007 - Targeting Nerve Growth Factor May Lead To Cure For Liver Cancer, Study Suggests - also here
  6. September 19, 2007 - Test for lung cancer looks for discomforting quiet among protective genes - also here, here
  7. September 20, 2007 - 'Cancer-resistant' people lend out their killer cells
  8. September 20, 2007 - Gene chip helps doctor target cancer treatment - also here
  9. September 20, 2007 - Gene chip data improved therapy in some patients with incurable cancer
  10. September 20, 2007 - Gene Profiling Can Single Out The Worst Cases Of Multiple Myeloma And Guide Therapy - also here, here
  11. September 20, 2007 - Re-engineered Human T Cells Effectively Target And Kill Cancerous B Cells - also here, here
  12. September 20, 2007 - Liver Cancer Marker Could Yield Blood Test For Early Detection - also here, here
  13. September 20, 2007 - Cancer-fighting transplant hope
  14. September 20, 2007 - Drinking linked to endometrial cancer risk
  15. September 21, 2007 - Blood Protein Detects Lung Cancer, Even At Earliest Stage
  16. September 21, 2007 - Radiation therapy technique reduces length of prostate cancer treatment - also here
  17. September 21, 2007 - Researchers Studying Model to Learn Why Certain Cancers Become Resistant to Drugs
  18. September 21, 2007 - Growth hormone could promote cancer, according to new research
  19. September 21, 2007 - Genetic test for prostate cancer
  20. September 22, 2007 - New Technology For Cancer Screening Listens For The Signs Of Cancer - also here
  21. September 24, 2007 - Gene Chip Data Improved Therapy In Some Patients With Incurable Cancer
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. September 18, 2007 - Stem cells show potential to repair lungs in mice - also here
  2. September 19, 2007 - Testes May Prove Fertile Source of Stem Cells
  3. September 19, 2007 - Cells that make sperm make stem cells, too: study - also here
  4. September 19, 2007 - Testicle stem cell harvest plan
  5. September 20, 2007 - Testes may be man's repair kit
  6. September 20, 2007 - Stem cells derived from adult testes produce wide range of tissue types - also here
  7. September 20, 2007 - Stem cells in adult testes provide alternative to embryonic stem cells for organ regeneration
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. September 18, 2007 - New drug combo could speed TB treatment: U.S. study - also here
  2. September 19, 2007 - Studies give hope for treating TB in a few months
  3. September 19, 2007 - New Antibiotic Drug Combo To Speed Up Treatment Of Tuberculosis - also here, here
Background


Serotonin and depression

References:
  1. September 18, 2007 - Women More Depressed And Men More Impulsive With Reduced Serotonin Functioning - also here, here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. September 18, 2007 - Diagnosing Alzheimer's Disease In Earliest Stages: New Method - also here, here
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. September 18, 2007 - J&J says Prezista matches Kaletra in HIV trial
  2. September 19, 2007 - Pfizer touts successful tests on new anti-AIDS drug
  3. September 21, 2007 - Merck halts study of "ineffective" HIV vaccine - also here
  4. September 21, 2007 - Merck abandons HIV vaccine trials
  5. September 22, 2007 - Failure of Vaccine Test Is Setback in AIDS Fight
  6. September 22, 2007 - SA halts its largest ever HIV vaccine trial
  7. September 22, 2007 - Merck vaccine's failure shatters AIDS fighters' hopes
  8. September 23, 2007 - Dismay over failed HIV vaccine
  9. September 23, 2007 - Experimental AIDS Vaccine Fails - also here, here, here
  10. September 25, 2007 - HIV Vaccine Hopeful Fails
  11. September 25, 2009 - HIV vaccine trials stopped
Background


Seasonal affective disorder

References:
  1. September 19, 2007 - Chemical clue sheds light on winter depression
Background


Stress and the immune system

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - Chronic Stress Can Steal Years From Caregivers' Lifetimes
  2. September 25, 2007 - Alzheimer's caregivers' cells seen to age faster - also here
Background


Rheumatoid arthritis

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - Closing In On Genes Involved With Rheumatoid Arthritis - also here
Background


Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - New Nanoparticle Vaccine Is Both More Effective And Less Expensive - also here, here
  2. September 22, 2007 - Gold-drug Combo Could Target Tumors
Background


Statins, lipases, and atherosclerosis

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - Research to shed new light on how statins benefit heart patients
  2. September 22, 2007 - How A Statin Drug Reduces Cholesterol And Fat In Blood Vessels
Background, Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. September 20, 2007 - Antibiotic Resistance: Drug Resistance Gene Has Spread From East Coast To Midwest Bacteria
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. September 21, 2007 - Scientists decipher mechanism behind antimicrobial 'hole punchers' - also here, here
Background


Common cold viruses

References:
  1. September 21, 2007 - Research tools offer new look at common cold - also here
Background, Background


Influenza

References:
  1. September 21, 2007 - Flu Virus Trots Globe During Off Season, Mixes With Other Viral Strains - also here
Background


Autoimmune disease

References:
  1. September 21, 2007 - Possible Key To Autoimmune Disease - also here
Background


Cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, and cancer

References:
  1. September 21, 2007 - Link Between Cholesterol And Heart Disease Explained - also here, here
Background, Background, Background


T cell response suppression in infection

References:
  1. September 21, 2007 - Chronic Infection Persists By Targeting Stromal Cell Network In Lymphoid Organs - also here, here
Background, Background


Control of inflammatory disease and leukemia

References:
  1. September 21, 2007 - Drug Discovery May Revolutionize Treatment Of Inflammatory Diseases And Leukemia
Background, Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. September 21, 2007 - Cell-surface sugar defects may trigger nerve damage in multiple sclerosis patients - also here, here
Background


Cancer stem cells

References:
  1. September 22, 2007 - To Evade Chemotherapy, Some Cancer Cells Mimic Stem Cells - also here
Background, Background


Fat metabolism

References:
  1. September 23, 2007 - How Nutrition Affects The Breakdown Of Fats
  2. September 23, 2007 - Brain System Serves As 'Remote Control' For Fat Metabolism - also here, here
Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved