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Volume 6, Number 38
September 17, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Microfluidics
Digital storage technology
Hypervelocity stars
String theory and inflation
Nanotechnology
Astrochemistry
Arctic ice cover
Global warming
Extrasolar planets
Dwarf galaxies
Planetary system formation
Water on Mars
Neutron stars
Antimatter
Dark matter
Star formation
Extreme ultraviolet lithography
Inflatons and dark matter
Magneto-resistive random access memory
Spintronics
Magnetic cataclysmic variable stars
Carbon nanotubes
Graphene
Gamma-ray bursts
Planetary nebulae

Life sciences

Gene copy number variations
Systems Biology
Genetic imprinting
Predation
Neanderthals
Neuronal Conduction Of Excitation
Fetal neurons
DNA repair
Brain-imaging studies, networks, and intelligence
Ultraconserved noncoding RNA and cancer
Ghrelin and T cells
Control of brain area patterning
Perception of color contrast
Lonliness and the immune system
Platelets, neutrophils, and inflammation
Flash-lag effect in visual perception
Regulatory T cells
MicroRNA and cancer
C-reactive protein and cancer
Synthetic biology
Shape perception

Health and medicine

Gene therapy
Cancer
Cancer and antioxidants
Vitamin D
Adiposity of mothers and children
Autism
Diabetes and inflammation
Stem cells
Prions and neurodegenerative diseases
AIDS
Alzheimer's disease
Schizophrenia
Sleep deprivation
Cardiovascular disease
Bipolar disorder
Diabetes
Cancer stem cells
Malaria
Nanoparticle drug delivery for cancer
Metabolic syndrome
Prions
Mathematical modeling of disease cycles
Gene regulation and disease



Physical sciences and technology


Microfluidics

References:
  1. September 10, 2007 - 'Lung On A Chip' And Other Marvels From Microfluidic Devices
Background


Digital storage technology

References:
  1. September 11, 2007 - Redefining the Architecture of Memory
Background


Hypervelocity stars

References:
  1. September 11, 2007 - Did our galaxy's black hole eat its baby brother?
Background


String theory and inflation

References:
  1. September 11, 2007 - Can string theory accommodate inflation?
Background, Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. September 10, 2007 - IBM Claims Ultra-Tiny Art Project
  2. September 11, 2007 - Nanoscale Printing Has Big Implications for Science and Technology
  3. September 11, 2007 - Drawing Nanoscale Features The Fast And Easy Way - also here, here
  4. September 11, 2007 - Tiny Tubes and Rods Show Promise as Catalysts, Sunscreen - also here, here
  5. September 11, 2007 - Nanomaterials with a Bright Future
  6. September 12, 2007 - Smallest Piece Of Art Ever Printed Could Herald Ultra-Tiny Nanowires, Biosensors And Optics For Future Chips - also here
  7. September 14, 2007 - New DNA-based Technique For Assembly Of Nano- And Micro-sized Particles - also here, here
  8. September 14, 2007 - Team develops novel method for nanostructured polymer thin films - also here, here
Background


Astrochemistry

References:
  1. September 11, 2007 - Life's Ingredients May Have 'Sprinkled' on Earth
Background


Arctic ice cover

References:
  1. September 11, 2007 - Arctic sea ice cover at record low
  2. September 14, 2007 - Sea Ice Is Getting Thinner - also here, here
  3. September 14, 2007 - Satellites witness lowest Arctic ice coverage in history - also here, here
  4. September 14, 2007 - Arctic ice loss: Northwest Passage now open, says space agency
  5. September 14, 2007 - Warming 'opens Northwest Passage'
  6. September 15, 2007 - Arctic sea route opens as ice melts - also here, here
  7. September 15, 2007 - Canada to be forced to boost Arctic security, expert says
  8. September 16, 2007 - Northwest Passage Opens: Arctic Sea Ice Reaches New Low
  9. September 16, 2007 - Arctic Ice Melt Opens Northwest Passage - also here
  10. September 16, 2007 - Ice melt opens up famous Arctic passage
  11. September 16, 2007 - Arctic thaw opens fabled trade route
  12. September 17, 2007 - Arctic sea ice loosens grip on Northwest Passage
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. September 12, 2007 - Ancient Shells Harden Link Between Climate Change and Greenhouse Gases
  2. September 12, 2007 - Experts: Europe Heating Up Faster
  3. September 12, 2007 - Experts: Climate Change Puts Sea at Risk
  4. September 14, 2007 - Peat and forests save permafrost from melting - also here
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. September 12, 2007 - Planet survives close call with searing red giant
  2. September 12, 2007 - Planet Survived Brush with Red Giant
  3. September 12, 2007 - First known planet to survive red-giant phase found - also here
  4. September 12, 2007 - Hope for Earth: Planet Survives Star's Death Throes
  5. September 12, 2007 - Planet survives stellar explosion
  6. September 12, 2007 - Earth could survive a red-giant Sun
  7. September 13, 2007 - This planet's a true survivor
  8. September 13, 2007 - Earth May Survive Sunís Demise in 5 Billion Years
  9. September 14, 2007 - Exoplanet Offers Clues To Earth's Future - also here, here
  10. September 27, 2007 - Oldest Planet Yet Discovered Hints Earth May Survive Our Sun Becoming A Red Giant - also here
Background


Dwarf galaxies

References:
  1. September 12, 2007 - Smallest Galaxies Ever Seen Solve a Big Problem - also here, here
  2. September 12, 2007 - Finding the Missing Dwarf Galaxies
  3. September 12, 2007 - Small 'Hobbit' Galaxies Made Almost Entirely of Dark Matter
  4. September 14, 2007 - Why is the Hercules Dwarf Galaxy so flat? - also here, here
  5. September 20, 2007 - A Galaxy with the Wrong Shape
Background


Planetary system formation

References:
  1. September 12, 2007 - Astronomers Will Trace Planet Formation With Neon
  2. September 14, 2007 - Scientists plug gap in how planets form
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. September 12, 2007 - Cold planet: The many ice ages of Mars
  2. September 13, 2007 - New Theory Explains Ice On Mars
Background


Neutron stars

References:
  1. September 12, 2007 - Bizarre Parasitic Star Found
  2. September 13, 2007 - NASA Astronomers Find Bizarre Planet-mass Object Orbiting Neutron Star - also here
Background


Antimatter

References:
  1. September 12, 2007 - Matter-antimatter molecule makes its debut
  2. September 13, 2007 - Matter or antimatter? Why not both?
Background


Dark matter

References:
  1. September 13, 2007 - Warm dark matter solves mystery of giant black holes
  2. September 13, 2007 - Dark matter key to formation of first stars - also here
  3. September 13, 2007 - First Dance With Dark Matter
  4. September 13, 2007 - Explanation of Dark Matter Might Lie in Origin of Stars
  5. September 13, 2007 - Stringy 'filaments' could have produced first stars
  6. September 14, 2007 - Oldest Stars May Shed Light On Dark Matter - also here, here
  7. September 14, 2007 - Study sheds new light on early star formation in the universe - also here
  8. September 14, 2007 - Dark matter clues in oldest stars
  9. September 14, 2007 - "Warm" dark matter lights up earliest stars
Background


Star formation

References:
  1. September 13, 2007 - Coronet: A Star Formation Neighbor
Background


Extreme ultraviolet lithography

References:
  1. September 13, 2007 - Lighter gas reduces damage to optics in extreme ultraviolet lithography - also here, here
Background


Inflatons and dark matter

References:
  1. September 14, 2007 - Dark matter and inflation - one and the same?
Background, Background


Magneto-resistive random access memory

References:
  1. September 14, 2007 - Ability To Write And Store Information On Electronic Devices Improved - also here, here
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. September 14, 2007 - Physicists Pin Down Spin Of Surface Atoms - also here, here
Background


Magnetic cataclysmic variable stars

References:
  1. September 14, 2007 - The missing link in the evolution of magnetic cataclysmic stars? - also here, here
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. September 14, 2007 - Scientists carve 3D microstructures in carbon nanotube forests
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. September 14, 2007 - Sheet of carbon atoms acts like a billiard table, physicists find - also here
  2. September 14, 2007 - Experiment finds graphene's missing pi
Background


Gamma-ray bursts

References:
  1. September 15, 2007 - Gamma-ray bursts spring cosmic surprise
Background


Planetary nebulae

References:
  1. September 15, 2007 - Hubble Captures Stars Going Out In Style
Background



Life sciences


Gene copy number variations

References:
  1. September 9, 2007 - Starch 'fuel of human evolution'
  2. September 13, 2007 - Carb-reliant people show better starch digestion - also here
  3. September 14, 2007 - Extra Gene Copies Were Enough To Make Early Humans' Mouths Water - also here
Background


Systems Biology

References:
  1. September 10, 2007 - Systems Biology Poised To Revolutionize The Understanding Of Cell Function And Disease - also here
Background


Genetic imprinting

References:
  1. September 11, 2007 - Why Genes Of One Parent Are Expressed Over Genes Of The Other: New Ideas In Genomic Imprinting
  2. September 11, 2007 - Platypus DNA a clue to 'battle of sexes'
Background


Predation

References:
  1. September 11, 2007 - Have predators boosted biodiversity?
  2. September 14, 2007 - Predation Linked To Evolution, Study Suggests - also here
Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. September 12, 2007 - Big climate change did not kill Neanderthals - also here
  2. September 12, 2007 - Neanderthals 'not killed by climate change'
  3. September 13, 2007 - Climate Link To Neanderthal Demise Abates
  4. September 13, 2007 - New Evidence On The Role Of Climate In Neanderthal Extinction - also here
  5. September 13, 2007 - Neanderthal climate link debated
Background


Neuronal Conduction Of Excitation

References:
  1. September 12, 2007 - Neuronal Conduction Of Excitation Without Action Potentials Based On Ceramide Production
Background


Fetal neurons

References:
  1. September 12, 2007 - 'Fetal' Neurons Play Role In Adult Brain - also here
  2. September 13, 2007 - Fetal Neurons Still Operate in Adult Brain
Background


DNA repair

References:
  1. September 12, 2007 - New Mechanism Discovered For DNA Recombination And Repair - also here
Background


Brain-imaging studies, networks, and intelligence

References:
  1. September 12, 2007 - Brain network related to intelligence identified - also here
Background


Ultraconserved noncoding RNA and cancer

References:
  1. September 12, 2007 - New Class of RNA Molecules May Be Important in Human Cancer - also here
Background, Background


Ghrelin and T cells

References:
  1. September 13, 2007 - Hunger Hormone Fights Aging In The Thymus
Background, Background


Control of brain area patterning

References:
  1. September 13, 2007 - Novel Mechanism That Balances Sizes Of Brain's Functional Areas Identified
Background


Perception of color contrast

References:
  1. September 13, 2007 - Color Contrast Is 'Seen' By The Brain's Early Doors - also here
Background


Lonliness and the immune system

References:
  1. September 13, 2007 - Loneliness is a molecule - also here
  2. September 14, 2007 - Loneliness Is in the Genes
  3. September 14, 2007 - Sick? Lonely? Genes tell the tale - also here
  4. September 14, 2007 - Lonely? Your immune system's in overdrive
Background


Platelets, neutrophils, and inflammation

References:
  1. September 14, 2007 - Potential new way of treating inflammatory diseases identified - also here
Background, Background


Flash-lag effect in visual perception

References:
  1. September 14, 2007 - Our visual system may react more rapidly when visualising 2 objects which might collide - also here
Background


Regulatory T cells

References:
  1. September 14, 2007 - Immune police recognize good and bad guys in the body - also here
Background


MicroRNA and cancer

References:
  1. September 15, 2007 - Altered Expression Of Ultraconserved Noncoding RNAs Linked To Human Leukemias And Carcinomas
Background, Background


C-reactive protein and cancer

References:
  1. September 15, 2007 - Human C-reactive Protein Regulates Myeloma Tumor Cell Growth And Survival - also here
Background, Background


Synthetic biology

References:
  1. September 15, 2007 - Scientists synthesize memory in yeast cells - also here, here
Background


Shape perception

References:
  1. September 16, 2007 - Shape Encoding May Start In The Retina - also here, here
Background



Health and medicine


Gene therapy

References:
  1. September 10, 2007 - Improved polymer shuttles genes into cells
  2. September 16, 2007 - Making Gene Therapy Safer: Delivering Genes Via Polymers - also here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. September 10, 2007 - New Treatment Option For Life-Threatening Symptom Of Parathyroid Cancer
  2. September 10, 2007 - New Drug Paradigm: Liquid Crystal Pharmaceuticals
  3. September 11, 2007 - Low-fat, vegetarian diet may stall prostate cancer - also here
  4. September 11, 2007 - Tangerine peel could help fight cancer
  5. September 11, 2007 - Targeting Nerve Growth Factor May Cure Liver Cancer, Study Suggests
  6. September 11, 2007 - Pill use 'may cut risk of cancer'
  7. September 11, 2007 - Drug May Help Lung Cancer Patients
  8. September 12, 2007 - New Options In 'Personalized' Cancer Treatment And Prevention
  9. September 12, 2007 - Customized Virus Kills Brain Tumor Stem Cells That Drive Lethal Cancer
  10. September 12, 2007 - Taking Contraceptive Pill May Reduce Risk Of Developing Cancer, Study Suggests - also here, here
  11. September 12, 2007 - Generic prostate drug helps find high-risk cancers early - also here, here
  12. September 12, 2007 - Studies lessen fear of using prostate drug
  13. September 12, 2007 - Birth control pill may cut cancer risk: study
  14. September 13, 2007 - "Lumpectomy" possible for some prostate tumors - also here
  15. September 13, 2007 - Targeted drug combos could outsmart cancer - also here
  16. September 13, 2007 - Signaling Protein For Multiple Myeloma Identified - also here, here
  17. September 13, 2007 - Unique role for blood formation gene identified - also here, here
  18. September 13, 2007 - Shrinkage of prostate led to overestimation of cancer risk in trial - also here, here
  19. September 14, 2007 - Knee arthritis may be sign of early lung cancer - also here
  20. September 14, 2007 - Study suggests brain tumors need treatment with multiple 'targeted' drugs
  21. September 14, 2007 - Bright tumors, dim prospects - also here, here
  22. September 16, 2007 - New Clues To Breast Cancer Development In High-risk Women - also here, here
Background


Cancer and antioxidants

References:
  1. September 10, 2007 - Vitamin C a surprise cancer fighter - also here, here
  2. September 12, 2007 - How Vitamin C Stops Cancer - also here

Vitamin D

References:
  1. September 10, 2007 - Vitamin D supplements cuts early death risk: study - also here
  2. September 11, 2007 - Vitamin D might be factor in longer life
  3. September 12, 2007 - Vitamin D has life-boosting effect
  4. September 14, 2007 - Vitamin D Supplements Appear To Be Associated With Lower Risk Of Death - also here
Background


Adiposity of mothers and children

References:
  1. September 10, 2007 - Overweight Mother Before Pregnancy, Overweight Child At Age Nine
  2. September 14, 2007 - Fat Mum Hastens Path To Childhood Obesity - also here, here
Background


Autism

References:
  1. September 10, 2007 - Social Cues Used By Those With Autism Illuminated
  2. September 11, 2007 - Prenatal testosterone may play autism role: study - also here
  3. September 11, 2007 - Hormone linked to autistic traits
  4. September 11, 2007 - Autistic traits linked to testosterone in mother's womb
  5. September 12, 2007 - Testosterone in womb may prime autism
  6. September 13, 2007 - Testosterone In Womb Linked To Autism
Background


Diabetes and inflammation

References:
  1. September 10, 2007 - When Does Being Obese Not Lead To Diabetes? When Mice Lack Osteopontin
Background, Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. September 10, 2007 - Embryonic Stem Cells Thrive When Shaken - also here, here
  2. September 11, 2007 - Neural Stem Cell Study Reveals Mechanism That May Play Role In Cancer
  3. September 11, 2007 - Stem cells make new heart valves
  4. September 13, 2007 - A step toward tissue-engineered heart structures for children - also here
  5. September 13, 2007 - Putting stem cell research on the fast track - also here
  6. September 14, 2007 - How To Isolate Stem Cells In Womb Tissue - also here, here
  7. September 14, 2007 - Stem Cell Research Produces A Key Discovery For Fragile X Syndrome - also here
  8. September 14, 2007 - Transforming Mouse Cells Into 'Embryonic' Stem Cells Easily - also here, here
Background


Prions and neurodegenerative diseases

References:
  1. September 10, 2007 - Small Clumps Of Prion Proteins May Be Primary Cause Of Neurodegenerative Diseases
Background, Background


AIDS

References:
  1. September 11, 2007 - Understanding Why Infection With HIV-2 Is Not As Bad As HIV-1
  2. September 14, 2007 - HIV variant offers vaccine hope
  3. September 16, 2007 - Decline In Blood Platelet Count Associated With Increased Risk Of HIV-related Dementia - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. September 11, 2007 - Mediterranean Diet May Help Alzheimer's Patients Live Longer
  2. September 13, 2007 - Mediterranean diet extends life in Alzheimer's - also here
Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. September 11, 2007 - Mouse Model For Schizophrenia Has Genetic On-off Switch - also here
Background


Sleep deprivation

References:
  1. September 11, 2007 - Women's Health Much More At Risk From Sleep Deprivation, Study Suggests - also here
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. September 11, 2007 - Actos protects heart; study confirms Avandia risks
  2. September 12, 2007 - Excess weight hard on the heart, study confirms
  3. September 13, 2007 - Genes and drugs team up to lower blood pressure - also here
  4. September 13, 2007 - Nicotine May Accelerate Atherosclerosis, May Be As Dangerous As Tar
  5. September 16, 2007 - Being Overweight May Independently Increase Risk For Heart Disease - also here
  6. September 16, 2007 - Cholesterol byproduct blocks heart health benefits of estrogen
Background


Bipolar disorder

References:
  1. September 12, 2007 - Cancer drug hints at treatment for bipolar disorder
  2. September 12, 2007 - Breast cancer pill helped bipolar mania: study
  3. September 14, 2007 - Manic Phase Of Bipolar Disorder Benefits From Breast Cancer Medication - also here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. September 12, 2007 - Diabetes: Expanding Beta-cell Numbers
  2. September 13, 2007 - Diabetes Drugs' Potential Adverse Side Effect Explained
  3. September 13, 2007 - Blocking Formation Of Toxic Plaques Implicated In Type 2 Diabetes - also here
Background, Background


Cancer stem cells

References:
  1. September 12, 2007 - Cancer stem cells drive metastasis
  2. September 13, 2007 - Cancer Stem Cell Subpopulation Drives Metastasis Of Human Pancreatic Cancer - also here
Background, Background


Malaria

References:
  1. September 13, 2007 - Sugar Identified As Key To Malaria Parasite Invasion - also here
  2. September 14, 2007 - Progress in understanding the malarial parasite - also here, here
Background


Nanoparticle drug delivery for cancer

References:
  1. September 13, 2007 - Taxol bristle ball: a wrench in the works for cancer - also here
Background, Background, Background


Metabolic syndrome

References:
  1. September 14, 2007 - Metabolic Syndrome Heightens Risk For Development Of Uric-acid Kidney Stones - also here, here
Background


Prions

References:
  1. September 15, 2007 - Prions May Activate Retroviruses In Infected Brain Cells
Background


Mathematical modeling of disease cycles

References:
  1. September 16, 2007 - Mathematics Might Save You A Trip To The ER - also here, here
Background


Gene regulation and disease

References:
  1. September 16, 2007 - The importance of gene regulation for common human disease - also here, here
Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved