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Volume 6, Number 33
August 13, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Extrasolar planets
4-way galaxy merger
Gamma-ray bursts
Global warming
Organic compound synthesis
Carbon-rich supergiant stars
Climate modeling
Proposed dark matter candidate
Water on Mars
Graphene
Nanotechnology
Nanohole data storage
Supergiant stars
Very early ultraluminous infrared galaxies
Deep ocean turbulence and climate
Permian-Triassic mass extinction
Controlled nuclear fusion
Quasars
MEMS
Lab on a chip

Life sciences

Ancient bacteria
Memory reinforcement with exercise and stimulation
Nerve cell modulator
Gene transcription
Carbon sequestration in trees
Human evolution
Cancer biology
HDL cholesterol
Cloning
Skeletal regulation of metabolism
Antidepressants
Memory and maturity
Categorization and brain networks
Cell motility
Bacillus anthracis
Adaptive mutation rate in bacteria
Ancient microbial remains
Neanderthals
DNA repair
Direct path for extracellular material to nucleus

Health and medicine

Caffeine and memory function
Stem cells
Cancer
Alzheimer's disease
Diabetes
Gene therapy
Dopamine and ADHD
Metabolic syndrome
Psoriasis
Malaria
Genes and antidepressant drugs
AIDS
Cardiovascular disease
Crohn's disease
Drug delivery
AMPK, obesity, and diabetes
Leptin and food craving
Stem cells and Alzheimer's disease
Estrogen deficiency, hypertension, and obesity
Avian flu
Genetics of schizophrenia



Physical sciences and technology


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. August 6, 2007 - Largest Transiting Extrasolar Planet Found Around A Distant Star - also here, here, here
  2. August 6, 2007 - Keck Confirms Largest Exoplanet to Date
  3. August 6, 2007 - Largest known exoplanet puzzles astronomers
  4. August 6, 2007 - Largest Known Exoplanet Discovered
  5. August 6, 2007 - Alien planet 'could float on water'
  6. August 7, 2007 - Team finds largest exoplanet yet
  7. August 7, 2007 - Mega-planet spotted orbiting fading star
  8. August 7, 2007 - Down the Stellar Hatch
  9. August 8, 2007 - The Most Puffed-Up Planet
  10. August 8, 2007 - Scientists Discover Largest-Known Planet - also here
  11. August 17, 2007 - Polluted Dead Star Indicates Planets Like Earth May Have Formed Around Other Stars - also here, here
Background


4-way galaxy merger

References:
  1. August 6, 2007 - Spitzer Space Telescope Spies Monster Galaxy Pileup - also here, here
  2. August 6, 2007 - Largest merger of galaxies discovered
  3. August 6, 2007 - Astronomers Witness Whopper Galaxy Collision
  4. August 6, 2007 - Galaxies clash in four-way merger
  5. August 7, 2007 - Monster galaxy pileup sighted
  6. August 7, 2007 - Colossal Four-Galaxy Collision Discovered
  7. August 8, 2007 - Four-Galaxy Pileup Caught on Cosmic Camera
  8. August 9, 2007 - Galaxy Monster Mash
Background


Gamma-ray bursts

References:
  1. August 7, 2007 - Nearby black hole caught burping gamma rays
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. August 7, 2007 - Early 2007 saw record-breaking extreme weather: U.N.
  2. August 9, 2007 - Glaciers wasting away on Mexico's legendary peaks
  3. August 9, 2007 - U.S. Coal-Burning Boom Drastically Warmed Arctic
  4. August 9, 2007 - Humans Leave Sooty Footprint in Arctic - also here
  5. August 10, 2007 - Rising temperatures "will stunt rainforest growth"
  6. August 10, 2007 - Arctic sea ice 'lowest in recorded history': scientists
  7. August 10, 2007 - Soot 'influences Arctic climate'
Background


Organic compound synthesis

References:
  1. August 7, 2007 - New Oxidation Methods Streamline Synthesis Of Important Compounds
Background


Carbon-rich supergiant stars

References:
  1. August 7, 2007 - Star Caught Smoking
  2. August 7, 2007 - Dust Cloud Sheds Light on Stellar Brightness Phenomenon
  3. August 8, 2007 - Astronomers close in on cause of 'smoking' stars
  4. August 8, 2007 - Stars that Smoke
Background


Climate modeling

References:
  1. August 7, 2007 - Researchers Work To Track North American Climate Change
  2. August 9, 2007 - Prepare for another ten scorching years
  3. August 9, 2007 - Model approach to climate prediction
  4. August 9, 2007 - Global warming forecast predicts rise in 2014
  5. August 9, 2007 - Climate model predicts hot decade
  6. August 9, 2007 - Global warming will step up after 2009: scientists
  7. August 9, 2007 - Ten-year climate model unveiled
  8. August 10, 2007 - The forecast for 2014...
  9. August 10, 2007 - Global warming: Met Office predicts plateau then record temperatures
  10. August 10, 2007 - Global warming to step up after 2009
  11. August 12, 2007 - Scientists try new ways to predict climate risks
Background


Proposed dark matter candidate

References:
  1. August 7, 2007 - New Dark Matter Candidate Proposed
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. August 7, 2007 - Mars Meteorites Create Water Mystery
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. August 7, 2007 - Graphene could bridge terahertz gap
  2. August 8, 2007 - Pliable carbon
Background, Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. August 9, 2007 - Nano 'resonators' form tiny logic gate
  2. August 9, 2007 - Ultra-strong, flexible nanofiber-based 'paper' step closer to commercialization
  3. August 9, 2007 - Nanoparticle Technique Could Lead To Improved Semiconductors - also here, here
  4. August 9, 2007 - Why are silver clusters magnetic?
  5. August 10, 2007 - Side-to-side Shaking Of Nanoresonators Throws Off Impurities - also here, here
  6. August 10, 2007 - Researchers Directly Deposit Gold Nanoparticles In Suspension - also here, here
Background


Nanohole data storage

References:
  1. August 9, 2007 - Ideally Ordered Nanohole Patterned Media Enables Capacity Potential to 1.2TB for 2.5'' HDD
Background


Supergiant stars

References:
  1. August 9, 2007 - Largest swarm of giant stars is a 'supernova factory'
Background


Very early ultraluminous infrared galaxies

References:
  1. August 9, 2007 - Astronomers Spot Brightest Galaxies in the Distant Universe - also here
  2. August 9, 2007 - Astronomers Spot Most Distant Bright Galaxies
  3. August 10, 2007 - Growing Up Fast in the Cosmos
  4. August 13, 2007 - Bright Galaxies Hidden In Distant Universe Unveiled
  5. August 15, 2007 - Bright Galaxies You Can't See
Background


Deep ocean turbulence and climate

References:
  1. August 10, 2007 - One Of Deep Ocean's Most Turbulent Areas Has Big Impact On Climate - also here, here
Background, Background


Permian-Triassic mass extinction

References:
  1. August 10, 2007 - What We Can Learn From The Biggest Extinction In The History Of Earth - also here, here
Background


Controlled nuclear fusion

References:
  1. August 10, 2007 - Coil design confines plasma in stellarator fusion reactor
Background


Quasars

References:
  1. August 10, 2007 - Quasars Caught Eating Galaxies
Background


MEMS

References:
  1. August 10, 2007 - Physicists minimize 'sticky friction' in tiny machines
Background


Lab on a chip

References:
  1. August 11, 2007 - Researchers Developing Diagnostic 'Lab On A Chip' - also here, here
Background



Life sciences


Ancient bacteria

References:
  1. August 6, 2007 - Life From the Oldest Ice?
  2. August 7, 2007 - Scientists revive life frozen in Antarctic
  3. August 13, 2007 - Locked In Glaciers, Ancient Ice May Return To Life As Glaciers Melt
Background


Memory reinforcement with exercise and stimulation

References:
  1. August 6, 2007 - Exercise And Mental Stimulation Both Boost Mouse Memory Late In Life - also here, here
Background


Nerve cell modulator

References:
  1. August 6, 2007 - Discovery Of Novel Nerve Cell Modulator Offers Potential For Mood Disorders, Epilepsy Treatments - also here
Background


Gene transcription

References:
  1. August 7, 2007 - Scientists Discover The Dynamics Of Transcription In Living Mammalian Cells - also here
Background, Background


Carbon sequestration in trees

References:
  1. August 7, 2007 - Carbon Dioxide 'Tree Banking' May Help, Provided Trees Have Optimal Water And Nutrient Levels - also here, here
Background


Human evolution

References:
  1. August 8, 2007 - Early Human Fossils Change Concepts of Human Evolution
  2. August 8, 2007 - Fossils paint new picture of human evolution
  3. August 8, 2007 - Twin fossil find adds twist to human evolution
  4. August 8, 2007 - Fossil Discoveries Challenge Theory of Human Evolution
  5. August 8, 2007 - New Fossils Illustrate "Bushiness" of Human Evolution
  6. August 8, 2007 - The Human Family Shrub?
  7. August 8, 2007 - Kenyan Fossils May Add New Branch to Human Family Tree
  8. August 8, 2007 - Finds test human origins theory
  9. August 8, 2007 - Fossils Challenge Old Evolution Theory - also here, here
  10. August 9, 2007 - Kenyan fossils reveal early human evolution
  11. August 9, 2007 - Fossils in Kenya Challenge Linear Evolution
  12. August 9, 2007 - Anthropologists split on what fossil find means about early humans
  13. August 9, 2007 - Fossils in Kenya Challenge Linear Evolution
  14. August 9, 2007 - Ancient human fossils show women much smaller - also here
  15. August 9, 2007 - Evolution theory overhauled after the discovery of 'handy man' fossil
  16. August 9, 2007 - African skulls find throws story of human evolution into disarray
  17. August 9, 2007 - New fossils rewrite human family tree
  18. August 9, 2007 - New fossils reveal different theory on human ancestors
  19. August 9, 2007 - New fossil finds challenge story of human evolution
  20. August 9, 2007 - Were early humanlike species neighbors?
  21. August 13, 2007 - New Kenyan Fossils Challenge Established Views On Early Evolution Of Our Genus Homo
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. August 8, 2007 - First Detailed View Of Molecular Structure May Usher In New Class Of Cancer Drugs
  2. August 9, 2007 - Scientists Discover A Control Mechanism For Metastasis - also here
  3. August 10, 2007 - Pathway Links Inflammation, Angiogenesis And Breast Cancer - also here, here
  4. August 10, 2007 - A New Understanding of Mechanisms That Trigger Cancer Cell Growth - also here
Background


HDL cholesterol

References:
  1. August 8, 2007 - Metabolic Study In Mice Could Lead To 'Good Cholesterol' Boosters - also here
Background, Background


Cloning

References:
  1. August 8, 2007 - In Japan, world-first fourth generation cloned pig - also here
  2. August 8, 2007 - Fourth-Generation Pig Cloned in Japan - also here
Background


Skeletal regulation of metabolism

References:
  1. August 9, 2007 - Is Bone-Fat Chitchat the Key to Weight Control?
  2. August 9, 2007 - Not Just Meat Scaffolding
  3. August 9, 2007 - Not just a bunch of bones
  4. August 10, 2007 - Skeleton Is An Endocrine Organ, Crucial To Regulating Energy Metabolism - also here
  5. August 11, 2007 - Skeletal Discovery: Bone cells affect metabolism
Background


Antidepressants

References:
  1. August 9, 2007 - How antidepressant drugs work as roadblocks for brain chemicals
  2. August 13, 2007 - Happy Days: Unraveling the Mystery of How Antidepressants Work
Background


Memory and maturity

References:
  1. August 9, 2007 - Maturity Brings Richer Memories - also here
Background


Categorization and brain networks

References:
  1. August 9, 2007 - How Dynamic Brain Networks Enable Object Recognition
Background


Cell motility

References:
  1. August 9, 2007 - How Cells Change The Pace Of Their Steps
Background


Bacillus anthracis

References:
  1. August 9, 2007 - Anthrax Bacterium's Deadly Secrets Probed - also here, here
Background


Adaptive mutation rate in bacteria

References:
  1. August 10, 2007 - The best is the enemy of the good
Background, Background


Ancient microbial remains

References:
  1. August 10, 2007 - Microbial Remains Of Some Of The Oldest Forms Of Life Discovered - also here, here
Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. August 10, 2007 - Early Modern Human Skull Includes Surprising Neanderthal Feature
Background


DNA repair

References:
  1. August 10, 2007 - Chromatin Remodeling Complex Connected To DNA Damage Control - also here, here
Background, Background


Direct path for extracellular material to nucleus

References:
  1. August 12, 2007 - New, More Direct Pathways From Outside The Cell-to-cell Nuclei Discovered - also here, here
Background



Health and medicine


Caffeine and memory function

References:
  1. August 6, 2007 - Does Caffeine Perk Up Memory?
  2. August 6, 2007 - Coffee may slow memory declines in women: study - also here
  3. August 6, 2007 - Coffee May Protect Women's Memory, Study Says
  4. August 6, 2007 - Memory Slow? Drink Some Joe - also here
  5. August 7, 2007 - Coffee 'protects female memory'
  6. August 7, 2007 - In Women, Caffeine May Protect Memory - also here, here
  7. August 7, 2007 - Caffeine May Protect Memory in Women
  8. August 7, 2007 - Regular consumption of coffee may help protect memory in older women
  9. August 7, 2007 - Coffee may slow memory decline in women: study
  10. August 8, 2007 - Caffeine May Slow Cognitive Decline in Women
  11. August 20, 2007 - In Women, Caffeine May Protect Memory
Background, Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. August 6, 2007 - Researchers show Alzheimer's, Glaucoma link
  2. August 6, 2007 - Enemy of Brain and Eye
  3. August 6, 2007 - Reversing The Signs Of Alzheimer's
  4. August 7, 2007 - Alzheimer's Disease Linked To Glaucoma - also here
  5. August 7, 2007 - Metal Ions Linked To Neurodegenerative Disease - also here
  6. August 14, 2007 - Metals Linked To Alzheimer's And Other Neurodegenerative Diseases
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. August 6, 2007 - Stem Cell Therapy Rescues Motor Neurons In ALS Model
  2. August 7, 2007 - Not All Embryonic Stem Cell Lines Are Created Equal - also here
  3. August 8, 2007 - Stem Cell Transplantation Procedure Results In Long-term Survival For Amyloidosis Patients - also here
  4. August 8, 2007 - Engineers Force Open Novel Protein Targets Within Stem Cells And Blood Cells
  5. August 10, 2007 - Functioning Neurons From Human Embryonic Stem Cells Produced
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. August 6, 2007 - New Lung Tumor-suppressor Gene Discovered - also here
  2. August 6, 2007 - Defects in critical gene lead to accelerated lung tumor growth
  3. August 7, 2007 - Choline may increase odds of polyps: study
  4. August 8, 2007 - Diets High In Choline May Increase Risk For Colorectal Polyps - also here
  5. August 8, 2007 - Scientists develop new test for liver cancer - also here, here, here
  6. August 8, 2007 - High-Intensity Ultrasound May Launch Attack On Cancer, Wherever It Lurks - also here, here
  7. August 8, 2007 - Light shines way to early detection of oral cancer
  8. August 8, 2007 - Belgian, Chinese experts invent test to detect early liver cancer
  9. August 9, 2007 - Chemists Kill Cancer Cells With Light-activated Molecules - also here
  10. August 9, 2007 - Prior Testicular Cancer Diagnosis Has Little Impact On Second Cancer Survival
  11. August 9, 2007 - New Test Improves Detection Of Liver Cancer - also here, here, here
  12. August 10, 2007 - No Evidence That Widely Prescribed Statins Protect Against Prostate Cancer - also here, here
  13. August 10, 2007 - New study suggests Concord grape juice may provide protection against breast cancer - also here
  14. August 11, 2007 - Why Persistent Acid Reflux Sometimes Turns Into Cancer: New Clues - also here
  15. August 12, 2007 - Green Tea Boosts Production Of Detox Enzymes, Rendering Cancerous Chemicals Harmless - also here, here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. August 6, 2007 - Identifying The Mechanism Behind A Genetic Susceptibility To Type 2 Diabetes
  2. August 7, 2007 - Diabetes problems 'vitamin link'
  3. August 8, 2007 - Bad flu season linked to diabetes spike
  4. August 11, 2007 - Vitamin B1 Deficiency Key To Vascular Problems For Diabetic Patients, Study Suggests
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. August 6, 2007 - Gene Therapy: Identifying Where Genes Can Successfully Integrate
  2. August 8, 2007 - Teamwork Between Two Key Proteins Necessary For Normal Development And Regulation Of Red Blood Cells - also here
  3. August 10, 2007 - Reasons For Severe Blindness Illluminated
Background


Dopamine and ADHD

References:
  1. August 6, 2007 - Brain chemical has key role in ADHD: studies - also here, here
  2. August 7, 2007 - Gene variant is associated with brain anatomy, clinical course of ADHD - also here
  3. August 8, 2007 - ADHD Appears To Be Associated With Depressed Dopamine Activity In The Brain - also here
  4. August 9, 2007 - Adult ADHD linked with dopamine levels
  5. August 10, 2007 - Gene Predicts Better Outcome As Cortex Normalizes In Teens With ADHD
Background


Metabolic syndrome

References:
  1. August 7, 2007 - Metabolic syndrome in kids ups adult heart risk
Background


Psoriasis

References:
  1. August 7, 2007 - Green Tea Holds Promise As New Treatment For Inflammatory Skin Diseases - also here, here
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. August 7, 2007 - Mechanism In The Malaria Parasite Aids Its Adaptation To Infected Individuals
Background


Genes and antidepressant drugs

References:
  1. August 7, 2007 - Tailor-made Antidepressants? - also here
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. August 7, 2007 - FDA approves antiretroviral drug
  2. August 11, 2007 - Virus-specific drug approved for HIV
  3. August 13, 2007 - FDA Approves Novel Antiretroviral Drug
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. August 8, 2007 - Novel Candidate Biomarker For Heart Failure Also Strongly Predicts Risk Of Death - also here
  2. August 8, 2007 - Statin Drugs May Delay Progressive Artery Damage In Children
  3. August 8, 2007 - Managing stress cuts stroke risk
  4. August 9, 2007 - Migraines raise women's stroke risk: study
  5. August 9, 2007 - Blood-Pressure Lowering Medication Significantly Reduced Stroke and Death Risk In Elderly - also here
  6. August 9, 2007 - Testosterone Replacement Therapy
  7. August 10, 2007 - Too Many Vitamins? One Antioxidant Linked To Heart Disease, Study Shows
  8. August 10, 2007 - Preclinical Study Links Gene To Brain Aneurysm Formation - also here, here
  9. August 10, 2007 - Antioxidant overload may underlie a heritable human disease - also here, here
  10. August 10, 2007 - Reductive stress linked to heart disease
  11. August 11, 2007 - Bad posture could raise your blood pressure
  12. August 12, 2007 - Cell Death By Necrosis Leads To Heart Failure
  13. August 14, 2007 - Women With Migraines And Visual Symptoms May Have Higher Stroke Risk
Background


Crohn's disease

References:
  1. August 8, 2007 - Link Found Between Crohn's Disease And E. Coli Bacteria - also here, here
Background


Drug delivery

References:
  1. August 8, 2007 - New Drug Delivery System Minimizes Side Effects
Background


AMPK, obesity, and diabetes

References:
  1. August 8, 2007 - Metabolic Disease: AMPK Keeps Energy Balance Steady
Background, Background


Leptin and food craving

References:
  1. August 9, 2007 - Appetite-Killing Hormone Negates Joy of Eating
  2. August 9, 2007 - "Fat" hormone sheds new light on obesity: study
  3. August 10, 2007 - Some of us really are addicted to food
  4. August 10, 2007 - Mmm ... Doughnuts
  5. August 11, 2007 - Hormone Regulates Fondness For Food - also here, here
Background, Background


Stem cells and Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. August 9, 2007 - Proteins Linked To Stem Cells Could Lead To Alzheimer's Treatment - also here, here
Background, Background


Estrogen deficiency, hypertension, and obesity

References:
  1. August 9, 2007 - Estrogen Deficiency Can Lead To Obesity-induced High Blood Pressure After Menopause, Study Suggests - also here
  2. August 13, 2007 - Estrogen loss contributes to obesity, high BP
Background, Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. August 10, 2007 - Scientists Target Future Pandemic Strains Of H5N1 Avian Influenza - also here
  2. August 10, 2007 - New vaccine may beat bird flu before it starts - also here
Background


Genetics of schizophrenia

References:
  1. August 10, 2007 - Genetic Variation Helps To Understand Predisposition To Schizophrenia - also here
Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved