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Volume 6, Number 32
August 6, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Submillimeter astronomy
Solar cells
Black holes and active glactic nuclei
Quintessence particles
Global warming
Fuel cells
Flexible polymer digital storage
Nanotechnology
Ultrafast lasers
Nanoelectronics
Extrasolar planets
Detection of extraterrestrial communications
Graphene
R Coronae Borealis variable stars
Superconductivity
Early solar system evolution
Magneto-optic data storage

Life sciences

Cancer and body size
Human gene copy number variation
Proteomics
Macrophages and autoimmune disease
Evolution of skill acquisition
Orangutan communication
3D visual perception
Evolution of animal limbs
Cancer biology
Evolution of placental reproduction
Regulation of cell size in bacteria
Neurological development
Brain-imaging studies
Glia and circadian timing
Human stem cells from parthenogenesis
Language acquisition
Visual perception of emotion in faces
Active learning
Neurochemistry of fear
Nicotine addiction and cognitive benefits
Skull differences between Neanderthals and modern humans
Polycephaly
Model of cell signaling
Cell surveillance pathways
Multicellularity and 'immune system' of amoebae DNA repair
Lymphoid chemokines and immune response
Toll-like receptors
Fragile DNA and chromosome breakage
Brain excitation waves
Serotonin and sleep
Fever response to infection
Genetics of brain gender differences

Health and medicine

Autism
Cancer and caffeine
Possible cholesterol-control drug
Hepatitis C
Lupus
Antibiotics
Gene therapy
Stem cells
Tuberculosis vaccine
Diabetes
Cancer
Statins and dementia
Cardiovascular disease
AIDS
Genes and antidepressant drugs
Avian flu
Nanoparticles and cancer
Antibiotic resistance
Nanoparticles for drug delivery and gene therapy
Bipolar disorder
Role of hostility, anger, and depression in inflammation
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
MircoRNA and cancer
Anthrax
Multiple sclerosis
Fat metabolism and obesity
Alzheimer's disease
Regnerative medicine
Cancer vaccine
Antioxidants
Malaria
Migraine
Psoriasis



Physical sciences and technology


Submillimeter astronomy

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - Huge telescope to probe galactic origins
Background


Solar cells

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - Team Sets Solar Cell Record
  2. August 1, 2007 - Researchers Think Pink To Produce 'Green' Solar Energy - also here
Background


Black holes and active glactic nuclei

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - New Type Of Active Galaxy Discovered - also here
  2. July 31, 2007 - Some black holes are 'closet eaters'
  3. July 31, 2007 - Hidden Black Holes Revealed
  4. July 31, 2007 - Black Holes Exposed
  5. August 2, 2007 - Supermassive black holes seen through dust
Background, Background


Quintessence particles

References:
  1. July 31, 2007 - 'Seesaw' explains light dark-energy particles
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. August 1, 2007 - Stronger Evidence For Human Origin Of Global Warming - also here
  2. August 1, 2007 - Asia's brown clouds heat the Himalayas
  3. August 1, 2007 - Brown Haze from Cooking Fires Cooking Earth, Too
  4. August 1, 2007 - Brown clouds boost global warming
  5. August 1, 2007 - Early springs show Siberia is warming fast
  6. August 1, 2007 - Asia's brown clouds 'warm planet'
  7. August 1, 2007 - "Brown Clouds" Contribute to Himalaya Glacier Melt
  8. August 2, 2007 - New statistical analysis confirms human role in climate change
  9. August 2, 2007 - Pollution Amplifies Greenhouse Gas Warming Trends To Jeopardize Asian Water Supplies - also here
  10. August 2, 2007 - Surface Warming And The Solar Cycle
  11. August 3, 2007 - Europe's recent heatwaves aren't a mirage
  12. August 3, 2007 - Europe hotter than thought in last century: study
  13. August 3, 2007 - European heat waves double in length since 1880 - also here, here
  14. August 4, 2007 - Climate Change Threatens Siberian Forests
  15. August 4, 2007 - European heatwaves 'have doubled'
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. August 1, 2007 - Two Bacteria Better Than One In Cellulose-fed Fuel Cell - also here
  2. August 3, 2007 - Nanotechnology Provides Bendy Sensors For Hydrogen Vehicles - also here, here
Background


Flexible polymer digital storage

References:
  1. August 1, 2007 - Scientists Make Flexible, Polymer-Based Data Storage
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. August 2, 2007 - Automated Technique Paves Way For Nanotechnology's Industrial Revolution - also here, here
  2. August 3, 2007 - Proposed 'Nanomechanical' Computer is Both Old-School and Cutting-Edge
  3. August 3, 2007 - Scientists train nano-'building blocks' to take on new shapes - also here, here
  4. August 15, 2007 - Engineers Ready A Blueprint For A Nanomechanical Computer
Background


Ultrafast lasers

References:
  1. August 2, 2007 - Controlling Ultrafast Light Pulses: Big Step Toward Advanced Sensors, Communications - also here, here
Background


Nanoelectronics

References:
  1. August 2, 2007 - Tunneling Electrons Do Math
Background, Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. August 2, 2007 - Newfound Planet Has Earth-Like Orbit
  2. August 3, 2007 - Planet Orbiting A Giant Red Star Discovered With Hobby-Eberly Telescope - also here, here, here
Background


Detection of extraterrestrial communications

References:
  1. August 3, 2007 - Slim chance of tuning in to alien TV
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. August 3, 2007 - Graphene Sniffs Out Dangerous Molecules - also here
Background


R Coronae Borealis variable stars

References:
  1. August 3, 2007 - Star caught smoking
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. August 3, 2007 - A Superconducting Ferromagnet at Normal Pressure
Background


Early solar system evolution

References:
  1. August 4, 2007 - Crystals On Meteorite Reveal Clues To Early Solar System Evolution - also here
Background


Magneto-optic data storage

References:
  1. August 4, 2007 - Laser flips magnetic bit without any help
Background



Life sciences


Cancer and body size

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - Are big beasts' cancers self-defeating?
Background


Human gene copy number variation

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - Duplicate genes help humans go the extra mile
  2. July 30, 2007 - Gene Duplications Give Clues to Humanness
  3. July 31, 2007 - Genomics Study Provides Insight Into The Evolution Of Unique Human Traits - also here, here
  4. July 31, 2007 - Most complete primate gene study reported
Background


Proteomics

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - Proteomics: First Genome Sequencing, Now Protein Mapping
Background


Macrophages and autoimmune disease

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - Macrophages In The Spleen Regulate The Immune Response And Immune Tolerance
Background, Background


Evolution of skill acquisition

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - Learning to evolve: With a little help from my ancestors
Background


Orangutan communication

References:
  1. August 1, 2007 - Orangutans Play Charades When Misunderstood
  2. August 2, 2007 - Orang-utan communication is like charades
  3. August 2, 2007 - Orangutans Communicate As If They Were Playing Charades
  4. August 2, 2007 - Orangutans use 'charades' to talk
  5. August 2, 2007 - Two Fingers Means "Give Me a Banana"
  6. August 2, 2007 - Orang-utans are cunning communicators
  7. August 3, 2007 - Orangutans play charades to get food
Background


3D visual perception

References:
  1. August 1, 2007 - 3-D brain centers pinpointed - also here
  2. August 1, 2007 - 3D Vision Comes Into View
Background, Background


Evolution of animal limbs

References:
  1. August 1, 2007 - Coelacanth Fossil Sheds Light On Fin-to-limb Evolution - also here
  2. August 10, 2007 - How the coelacanth got its fins
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. August 1, 2007 - Normal But Out-of-control Enzyme May Be Culprit That Signals Some Cells To Become Cancer - also here, here
  2. August 1, 2007 - Flip Of Genetic Switch Causes Cancers In Mice To Self-destruct - also here
  3. August 3, 2007 - Unknotting DNA clue to cancer syndrome - also here
Background


Evolution of placental reproduction

References:
  1. August 1, 2007 - Rare Example Of Darwinism Seen In Action - also here
Background


Regulation of cell size in bacteria

References:
  1. August 1, 2007 - Researchers Find Pathway That Controls Cell Size And Division - also here, here
Background


Neurological development

References:
  1. August 1, 2007 - Zebrafish Research Provides Answers About Neurological Development - also here
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. August 1, 2007 - Hallucinations In Schizophrenia Linked To Brain Area That Processes Voices - also here, here
  2. August 2, 2007 - When the music stops, the brain gets going
  3. August 3, 2007 - The Sound Track of Our Minds
  4. August 5, 2007 - Music Moves Brain To Pay Attention, Study Finds
Background


Glia and circadian timing

References:
  1. August 1, 2007 - New study demonstrates important role of glia in circadian timing - also here
Background


Human stem cells from parthenogenesis

References:
  1. August 2, 2007 - Fabricated stem cell line origin revealed
  2. August 2, 2007 - Korean Cloned Human Cells Were Product of "Virgin Birth"
  3. August 2, 2007 - Goal Achieved by Discredited Scientist
  4. August 2, 2007 - S. Korean stem cells derived from eggs alone: study - also here, here
  5. August 2, 2007 - Origin of Hwang's Stem Cell Line Explained
  6. August 2, 2007 - Korean stem cells unmasked
  7. August 2, 2007 - Stem Cell Case May Have Missed Advance
  8. August 3, 2007 - Discredited Korean Embryonic Stem Cells' True Origins Revealed - also here
  9. August 3, 2007 - Scientists prove that disputed Korean stem cell line comes from an unfertilized egg and not cloning
  10. August 3, 2007 - Fraudulent Stem Cells Actually a Scientific First
  11. August 3, 2007 - Shamed scientist's 'breakthrough'
  12. August 3, 2007 - Hwang Woo-Suk, Korean Cloning Fraudster, Did Something Cool But Didn't Know It
  13. August 4, 2007 - Stem cell fraudster accidentally created first 'virgin conception'
  14. August 4, 2007 - Fatherless Stem Cells: Scientific Fraud Involved in an Accidental Advance
Background


Language acquisition

References:
  1. August 2, 2007 - Computer model may explain toddlers' chattering
  2. August 2, 2007 - How Baby Babbles Become Talking Tsunami - also here
  3. August 2, 2007 - Secret to Toddler Vocabulary Explosion Revealed
  4. August 3, 2007 - What Explains Toddlers' Linguistic Leap? Math
  5. August 3, 2007 - Toddlers ready for 'language explosion'
  6. August 3, 2007 - Why Do Children Experience A Vocabulary Explosion At 18 Months Of Age? - also here
Background


Visual perception of emotion in faces

References:
  1. August 2, 2007 - Reading A Face Is Tricky Business - also here
Background


Active learning

References:
  1. August 2, 2007 - Monkeys Learn In The Same Way As Humans, Psychologists Report - also here, here
Background


Neurochemistry of fear

References:
  1. August 2, 2007 - Altering A Protein Makes Mice Less Fearful - also here, here
Background, Background


Nicotine addiction and cognitive benefits

References:
  1. August 2, 2007 - Two Nicotine Addiction Puzzles Explained
Background, Background


Skull differences between Neanderthals and modern humans

References:
  1. August 2, 2007 - Handsome by Chance
Background


Polycephaly

References:
  1. August 2, 2007 - Mythical Monster Hydra in the Petri Dish
Background


Model of cell signaling

References:
  1. August 3, 2007 - How To Predict Cells' Response To Drugs
Background


Cell surveillance pathways

References:
  1. August 3, 2007 - Pathway That Eliminates Genetic Defects In Red Blood Cells Discovered - also here
Background


Multicellularity and 'immune system' of amoebae

References:
  1. August 3, 2007 - Immunity in social amoeba suggests ancient beginnings - also here
Background, Background


DNA repair

References:
  1. August 3, 2007 - Where Broken DNA is Repaired - also here
Background


Lymphoid chemokines and immune response

References:
  1. August 3, 2007 - Immune mechanism could help explain transient immune suppression often seen in acute infections - also here
Background


Toll-like receptors

References:
  1. August 3, 2007 - Researchers Learn Why Immune System's Watch Dogs Howl - also here, here
Background


Fragile DNA and chromosome breakage

References:
  1. August 3, 2007 - Biologists discover one reason why chromosomes break, often leading to cancer - also here
Background, Background


Brain excitation waves

References:
  1. August 4, 2007 - For The First Time, Patterns Of Excitation Waves Found In Brain's Visual Processing Center - also here
Background, Background


Serotonin and sleep

References:
  1. August 5, 2007 - Rotating Shift Workers Have Lower Levels Of Serotonin - also here, here
Background, Background


Fever response to infection

References:
  1. August 5, 2007 - Study identifies source of fever - also here, here
  2. August 5, 2007 - Researchers pinpoint fever center in brain
Background


Genetics of brain gender differences

References:
  1. August 5, 2007 - Organ removal gives female mice a masculine thrust
  2. August 5, 2007 - Inside Every Girl Mouse Brain Is a Swaggering Boy Mouse
  3. August 6, 2007 - Turning on the Female Brain
  4. August 6, 2007 - Nose job turns dancing queen into macho man
  5. August 6, 2007 - Sensory Organ, Not Brain, Differentiates Male And Female Behavior In Some Mammals - also here
  6. August 6, 2007 - Disabling a sensory organ prompts female mice to act like male mice
Background



Health and medicine


Autism

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - Pesticide link to autism suspected
  2. July 31, 2007 - Increased White Matter Linked To Poor Motor Skills In Children With Autism - also here, here
  3. August 5, 2007 - The Matrix Of Autism - also here, here
Background


Cancer and caffeine

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - Caffeine, exercise may help ward off skin cancer - also here, here
  2. July 30, 2007 - Caffeine And Exercise Can Team Up To Prevent Skin Cancer
  3. July 30, 2007 - Buzzed, fit and cancer-free
  4. July 30, 2007 - Exercise Plus Coffee May Ward Off Skin Cancer - also here, here
  5. July 30, 2007 - Caffeine, Exercise May Cut Skin Cancer
  6. July 31, 2007 - Exercise and Caffeine Fight Skin Cancer? - also here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here
  7. July 31, 2007 - Exercise and caffeine 'ward off skin cancer'
  8. August 2, 2007 - Coffee Drinking Related To Reduced Risk Of Liver Cancer
  9. August 6, 2007 - Combination of exercise and caffeine can fight skin cancer
Background


Possible cholesterol-control drug

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - Activation Of Liver X Receptor-Beta Lowers Cholesterol And Reverses Atherosclerosis
Background, Background


Hepatitis C

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - Hepatitis C Helicase Unwinds DNA In A Spring-loaded, Three-step Process
Background


Lupus

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - Anti-viral Protein That May Predict Risk Of Developing Lupus Identified
  2. August 2, 2007 - Controlling stress helps fight chronic diseases such as Lupus - also here
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - Researchers Watch Antibiotics, Bacteria Meet At Atomic Level
Background, Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - FDA Statement On Gene Therapy Clinical Trial
  2. July 31, 2007 - Gene therapy trial on hold
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - Using stem cells to help heart attack victims - also here
  2. July 31, 2007 - System To Analyze Beating Heart Stem Cells Could Lead To Heart Attack Treatments - also here
  3. August 1, 2007 - Scientists gain new understanding of adult stem cell regulation - also here, here
  4. August 1, 2007 - Zebrafish study may point way to blindness cure - also here, here, here
  5. August 3, 2007 - Initial trigger is not enough to determine a stem cell's fate
Background


Tuberculosis vaccine

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - Trials begin for 'essential' new TB vaccine
  2. August 1, 2007 - New TB vaccine shows promise in animal studies
  3. August 2, 2007 - Handicapping Tuberculosis May Be The Way To A Better Vaccine
Background, Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - Scientists grow insulin in tobacco plants
  2. July 31, 2007 - Insulin Grown In Plants Relieves Diabetes In Mice: Holds Promise For Humans - also here
  3. August 4, 2007 - Reducing Inflammation Plays Key Role In Type 1 Diabetes Therapy - also here
  4. August 7, 2007 - Insulin produced in genetically modified plants
Background, Background


Cancer

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - Alcohol link to bowel cancer risk
  2. July 31, 2007 - Two Drugs Work Better Together Than Either Alone Against Kidney Cancer
  3. July 31, 2007 - Bacteria Residing In The Gut Boost Immune Response To Tumors
  4. July 31, 2007 - Promising Treatment Target Found In Hodgkin Lymphoma - also here, here
  5. July 31, 2007 - Alcohol consumption linked to bowel cancer
  6. August 1, 2007 - Japan study finds coffee may prevent colon cancer
  7. August 1, 2007 - Method shows promise for early detection of pancreatic cancer
  8. August 1, 2007 - Alcohol linked to bowel cancer
  9. August 2, 2007 - More-Accurate Cancer Treatment
  10. August 2, 2007 - Aggressive Therapy Best For Certain AML Patients
  11. August 2, 2007 - COX-2 Inhibitors Delay Pancreatic Cancer Precursors In Mice - also here, here
  12. August 2, 2007 - Gene Fusions Trigger Cancer Growth
  13. August 2, 2007 - Shining Light On Pancreatic Cancer: Method Shows Promise For Early Detection - also here, here
  14. August 2, 2007 - New minimally invasive sampling technique allows for earlier diagnosis of pancreatic cancer
  15. August 2, 2007 - Broccoli 'stops' prostate cancer
  16. August 3, 2007 - Colon Cancer A Disease Of Hormone Deficiency, Scientists Suggest - also here
  17. August 3, 2007 - Electric fields have potential as a cancer treatment - also here
  18. August 3, 2007 - Radiofrequency Ablation Highly Effective In Treating Kidney Tumors, Study Shows - also here
Background


Statins and dementia

References:
  1. July 30, 2007 - Statin reduces dementia risk
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. July 31, 2007 - Origins Of Cardiac Fibrosis In Patients With Heart Disease Illuminated - also here
  2. August 1, 2007 - New research shows saturated and trans fats increase risk of severe heart attacks
  3. August 2, 2007 - How A Pain In The Neck Could Be Bad For Your Blood Pressure - also here, here
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. August 1, 2007 - Study Helps Explain How HIV Becomes AIDS
  2. August 1, 2007 - Unfit viruses cause worse disease
  3. August 2, 2007 - Discovery In Plant Virus May Help Prevent HIV And Similar Viruses - also here, here
Background


Genes and antidepressant drugs

References:
  1. August 1, 2007 - Gene helps predict whether antidepressant will work
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. August 1, 2007 - India monitors four children after bird flu outbreak
Background


Nanoparticles and cancer

References:
  1. August 1, 2007 - Gold Nanoparticles May Pan Out As Tool For Cancer Diagnosis - also here, here
Background, Background


Antibiotic resistance

References:
  1. August 1, 2007 - Could Pets Be A Source Of Multi Resistant Bacteria Infections In Humans? - also here
Background


Nanoparticles for drug delivery and gene therapy

References:
  1. August 1, 2007 - Under Magnetic Force, Nanoparticles May Deliver Gene Therapy - also here, here
Background, Background, Background


Bipolar disorder

References:
  1. August 1, 2007 - 'Wake-Up Pill' Under Study to Treat Patients with Bipolar Disorder - also here
  2. August 3, 2007 - New Databases Put Wings On Search For Bipolar Risk Genes - also here
Background


Role of hostility, anger, and depression in inflammation

References:
  1. August 2, 2007 - Hostility, anger linked to chronic inflammation
  2. August 4, 2007 - Hostile Men Could Have Greater Risk For Heart Disease
Background


Inflammatory Bowel Disease

References:
  1. August 2, 2007 - Inflammatory Bowel Disease Genetically Linked To Arthritis (Ankylosing Spondylitis)
Background


MircoRNA and cancer

References:
  1. August 2, 2007 - Molecule Blocks Gene, Sheds Light On Liver Cancer - also here
Background, Background


Anthrax

References:
  1. August 2, 2007 - Taming The Anthrax Threat - also here
Background, Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. August 3, 2007 - Early interferon therapy may delay MS disability
Background


Fat metabolism and obesity

References:
  1. August 3, 2007 - Fat-burning defect in liver may cause obesity
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. August 3, 2007 - Drug Improves Symptoms Of Severe Alzheimer's Disease
Background


Regnerative medicine

References:
  1. August 3, 2007 - Scientists Move Closer To Bio-engineered Bladders - also here
Background


Cancer vaccine

References:
  1. August 3, 2007 - Phase II Study Of Therapeutic Vaccine Shows Efficacy In Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer - also here
Background, Background


Antioxidants

References:
  1. August 3, 2007 - Native fruits bear sweet antioxidants - also here, here
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. August 3, 2007 - Identified mechanism in the malaria parasite to help it adapt to infected individuals
Background


Migraine

References:
  1. August 3, 2007 - Why Women Get More Migraines Than Men - also here
Background


Psoriasis

References:
  1. August 4, 2007 - Drug Effective In Treatment Of Heavy Psoriasis Patients
Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved