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Volume 6, Number 15
April 9, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Carbon nanotubes
Observations of individual photons
Water on Mars
Nanotechnology
Superconductors and dark energy
Global warming
Climate change report
Solar cells
Dark matter and black holes
Quantum tunnelling
Wolf-Rayet supernova
Computer vision
Earth's magnetic field
Laser-targeted SETI
Recycling material from dead stars
Detection of exotic particles in cosmic ray debris
Magnetars
Lab-on-a-chip
Controlled fusion
Optoelectronics
Imaging Earth's internal structure
Robotics

Life sciences

Early modern humans
Computer simulation of ocean ecosystems
Proteomics
Brain encoding of information
Computer simulation of human vision
Social learning and memory
Oxytocin
Brain-imaging studies
Selective erasure of memories
Geometry of viruses
Gregarious genes
Control of neural activity with light
Natural vs. sexual selection
T cells
Regulation of long-term memory
Cancer biology
Religiosity and genetics
Bacterial communication
Cellular energy production under low-oxygen conditions

Health and medicine

Stem cells
Avian flu
Regeneration of bone tissue
Genetics of addiction breaking
Cancer
Multiple sclerosis
The immune system and serotonin production
Parkinson's disease
Alzheimer's disease
Telomere length, diabetes, and heart disease
Melatonin production
Aging and glycation
Hypertension
Prions
Antibiotics
Diabetes
Insulin from plants
AIDS
Autism
Digestion and metabolism of fats
Effects of lead on learning and memory
Glucose and brain cell death
Influenza
Metabolic syndrome and cancer
Immune system response to infectious disease
Effects of nicotine on learning and memory
Lack of efficacy of dieting
Caloric restriction, aging, and longevity
Glucose and brain cell death
Flavonoids and cancer
Therapy-induced TGF-β and metastasis
Hepatitis C superinfection
Tuberculosis
Allergies and autoimmune diseases
Statins and sepsis
Nanoparticle drug delivery for cancer
Leptin
Leptin and cancer



Physical sciences and technology


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. April 2, 2007 - Linear Arrays Of Nanotubes Offer Path To High-performance Electronics
  2. April 6, 2007 - Nanotube-Tipped Probe Considered Vital to Cell Treatment
Background


Observations of individual photons

References:
  1. April 2, 2007 - Life And Death Of A Photon 'Filmed' For The First Time
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. April 2, 2007 - The MARSIS radar estimates the volume of water in the south pole of Mars
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. April 2, 2007 - Researchers Synthesize Brightest Fluorescent Particles Ever
  2. April 5, 2007 - Golden Nano-Dumbbells
  3. April 5, 2007 - Nano-generator could power tiny devices
  4. April 6, 2007 - Nanowires Turn Vibrations into Electricity
  5. April 6, 2007 - Nanogenerator Provides Continuous Power By Harvesting Energy From The Environment - also here, here
  6. April 7, 2007 - Nanometer-Scale Generator Demonstrated
  7. April 8, 2007 - Scientists Assemble Single Atoms Into Predefined Nanostructures
Background


Superconductors and dark energy

References:
  1. April 3, 2007 - Superconductors inspire quantum test for dark energy
Background, Background


Global warming

References:
  1. April 4, 2007 - Winter Arctic sea ice near record low
  2. April 4, 2007 - NASA Finds Arctic Replenished Very Little Thick Sea Ice In 2005 - also here
  3. April 5, 2007 - Arctic Sea Ice Narrowly Missed Record Low In Winter 2007 - also here, here
  4. April 5, 2007 - Return of the dust bowl?
  5. April 5, 2007 - Serious drought may strike western US
  6. April 5, 2007 - Dust Bowl 2.0: Is the Southwest Drying Up?
  7. April 5, 2007 - Climate change threatens new dust bowl in Southwest
  8. April 5, 2007 - Climate change threatens new dust bowl in Southwest - also here, here
  9. April 5, 2007 - Climate change threatens world natural wonders: WWF
  10. April 6, 2007 - Permanent drought predicted for Southwest
  11. April 6, 2007 - Global Warming Threatens Natural Wonders - also here, here, here, here
Background


Climate change report

References:
  1. April 3, 2007 - Tropical losers, northern winners from warming? - also here
  2. April 4, 2007 - Key report to say global warming already happening
  3. April 5, 2007 - U.N. experts near accord on bleak climate warning
  4. April 5, 2007 - Accord is near on bleak climate warning
  5. April 5, 2007 - U.N. Draft Cites Humans in Current Effects of Climate Shift
  6. April 5, 2007 - UN experts near agreement on bleak climate warning - also here
  7. April 6, 2007 - Climate predictions grim, but no surprise
  8. April 6, 2007 - Worse to Come From Global Warming
  9. April 6, 2007 - Experts agree bleak warning on climate
  10. April 6, 2007 - Experts warn warming will damage society
  11. April 6, 2007 - Bleakest warning issued on climate
  12. April 6, 2007 - Stark climate change warning
  13. April 6, 2007 - Scientists issue bleak forecast for warming world
  14. April 6, 2007 - Climate change is here now, says major report
  15. April 6, 2007 - Billions face climate change risk
  16. April 6, 2007 - Wrangling delays climate report
  17. April 6, 2007 - Stark picture of a warming world
  18. April 6, 2007 - Scientists Detail Climate Changes, Poles to Tropics
  19. April 6, 2007 - Effects of climate change tallied up
  20. April 6, 2007 - Water Shortages Predicted in Global Warming Report - also here
  21. April 8, 2007 - Experts Weigh In On New Climate Change Report
  22. April 9, 2007 - Scientists Get Last Say in Climate Study
Background


Solar cells

References:
  1. April 3, 2007 - New Technology For Manufacturing Flexible Solar Cells
  2. April 6, 2007 - Taking Nature's Cue For Cheaper Solar Power - also here
Background


Dark matter and black holes

References:
  1. April 3, 2007 - Hey, WIMPs: Beware of Dwarf
Background, Background


Quantum tunnelling

References:
  1. April 4, 2007 - Electrons caught tunnelling out of atoms
  2. April 4, 2007 - Escape from the Nucleus: Ionization via Quantum Tunneling Observed
  3. April 4, 2007 - Electron tunnelling seen in real time
  4. April 5, 2007 - Electron Tunneling in Atoms Has Now Been Observed in Real Time
  5. April 12, 2007 - Electrons Caught in the Act of Tunnelling - also here, here
Background


Wolf-Rayet supernova

References:
  1. April 4, 2007 - Surprising Star Explosion Upsets Theory
  2. April 5, 2007 - Supernova Imposter Goes Supernova - also here, here
  3. April 6, 2007 - Star's odd double explosion hints at antimatter trigger
Background


Computer vision

References:
  1. April 4, 2007 - Easy on the eyes
Background


Earth's magnetic field

References:
  1. April 5, 2007 - Earth's magnetic field grew strong at a young age
  2. April 5, 2007 - 3.2 Billion-year-old Surprise: Earth Had Strong Magnetic Field - also here, here
Background


Laser-targeted SETI

References:
  1. April 5, 2007 - Look Out for Alien Lasers
Background


Recycling material from dead stars

References:
  1. April 5, 2007 - Dust clouds in cosmic cycle - also here, here
  2. April 9, 2007 - New Thinking on the Death of Sun-Like Stars
Background


Detection of exotic particles in cosmic ray debris

References:
  1. April 5, 2007 - Searching for Exotic Particles from Cosmic-Ray Collisions
Background


Magnetars

References:
  1. April 6, 2007 - Magnetar Does A Gigantic Stellar 'Hiccup' - also here
Background


Lab-on-a-chip

References:
  1. April 6, 2007 - No Foolin' -- 'Lab on a Chip' Works!
Background


Controlled fusion

References:
  1. April 6, 2007 - Twisted Flux Tubes Expel 'Wrong-Way' Ions
Background


Optoelectronics

References:
  1. April 6, 2007 - Buffer boosts optical integration
Background


Imaging Earth's internal structure

References:
  1. April 7, 2007 - High-resolution images herald new era in Earth sciences - also here, here, here
Background


Robotics

References:
  1. April 7, 2007 - Air & Light-Driven Robotic Device More Precise Than Human Hand - also here
Background



Life sciences


Early modern humans

References:
  1. April 2, 2007 - Interspecies Tryst While out of Africa?
  2. April 2, 2007 - Ancient human unearthed in China
  3. April 3, 2007 - Out of Africa, then romping into China?
  4. April 3, 2007 - China's Earliest Modern Human
Background


Computer simulation of ocean ecosystems

References:
  1. April 2, 2007 - Ocean Model Precisely Mimics Microbes' Life Cycles
Background, Background


Proteomics

References:
  1. April 2, 2007 - Titanium Dioxide -- It Slices, It Dices ... - also here, here
Background


Brain encoding of information

References:
  1. April 2, 2007 - Leading Theory Of Perception Called Into Question - also here
Background, Background


Computer simulation of human vision

References:
  1. April 3, 2007 - Visual-cortex simulator sees animals as humans do
  2. April 3, 2007 - Computer Model Behaves Like Humans On Visual Categorization Task
Background


Social learning and memory

References:
  1. April 3, 2007 - How we remember each other
  2. April 3, 2007 - Scientists study social memory formation
  3. April 4, 2007 - Where Social Memories Form In The Brain
Background, Background


Oxytocin

References:
  1. April 4, 2007 - Ecstasy really does unleash the love hormone
  2. April 5, 2007 - To recognize their friends, mice use their amygdalas
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. April 4, 2007 - Poor brains light up with small cash rewards
  2. April 4, 2007 - A Brain Image of a Microeconomic Theory
  3. April 4, 2007 - Rich Brain, Poor Brain
  4. April 4, 2007 - Study identifies 'braking' mechanism in the brain - also here, here
  5. April 5, 2007 - Measuring The Brain's 'Rich Switch' - also here
Background


Selective erasure of memories

References:
  1. April 4, 2007 - Selective Amnesia: How A Traumatic Memory Can Be Wiped Out - also here
Background


Geometry of viruses

References:
  1. April 4, 2007 - Mathematician Probes Geometric Route To Combat Viruses - also here
Background, Background


Gregarious genes

References:
  1. April 5, 2007 - In Young Mice, Gregariousness Seems To Reside In The Genes - also here
Background


Control of neural activity with light

References:
  1. April 5, 2007 - Scientists Directly Control Brain Cell Activity With Light - also here, here
Background


Natural vs. sexual selection

References:
  1. April 5, 2007 - More flight than fancy? - also here, here, here, here
Background


T cells

References:
  1. April 6, 2007 - New Regulatory Mechanism For Critical Protein Signaling Domain Identified - also here, here
Background


Regulation of long-term memory

References:
  1. April 6, 2007 - Genetic Switch Can Control Memory
  2. April 6, 2007 - Mutation improves memory, may lead to memory-enhancing pill - also here
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. April 6, 2007 - Discovery In Plants Suggests Entirely New Approach To Treating Human Cancers - also here, here
  2. April 6, 2007 - New Connection Between Cancer and Sugars - also here
Background


Religiosity and genetics

References:
  1. April 6, 2007 - Good Behavior, Religiousness May Be Genetic
Background


Bacterial communication

References:
  1. April 6, 2007 - Bacteria Communication: Counting Heads or Measuring Space? - also here
Background


Cellular energy production under low-oxygen conditions

References:
  1. April 8, 2007 - Need Oxygen? Cells Know How To Spend And Save - also here
Background



Health and medicine


Stem cells

References:
  1. April 2, 2007 - Human heart tissue grown from stem cells
  2. April 2, 2007 - Heart valve grown from stem cells
  3. April 2, 2007 - British researchers grow heart tissue from stem cells
  4. April 5, 2007 - 'In 10 years we will be able to grow a heart'
  5. April 6, 2007 - Isolation Of Stem Cells May Lead To A Treatment For Hearing Loss - also here, here
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. April 2, 2007 - Bird flu may spread from Indonesia, Egypt, Nigeria: FAO
  2. April 3, 2007 - WHO probes into siblings with bird flu in Egypt
  3. April 3, 2007 - No human transmission in Egypt bird flu case: WHO
  4. April 3, 2007 - Indonesian woman dies of bird flu: health ministry
  5. April 3, 2007 - New Study Finds Drug-Resistant Flu Type
  6. April 4, 2007 - New study tracks the spread of bird flu between farms
  7. April 5, 2007 - Indonesia, Egypt to develop bird flu vaccine
  8. April 6, 2007 - New flu strains 'resisting drugs'
  9. April 6, 2007 - Man from Indonesia's Central Java dies of bird flu
  10. April 6, 2007 - Indonesia reports another bird flu death
Background


Regeneration of bone tissue

References:
  1. April 2, 2007 - Intelligent Materials To Regenerate Bone Tissue
Background


Genetics of addiction breaking

References:
  1. April 2, 2007 - Genes Identified That Might Help Some People Abstain From Smoking
  2. April 2, 2007 - Genes found for successful smoking cessation
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. April 2, 2007 - Targeting Tumors The Natural Way
  2. April 3, 2007 - Gender Linked To Development Of Skin Cancer
  3. April 3, 2007 - Fat Overrides Effects Of Vitamin C - also here, here
  4. April 3, 2007 - With rat genome as guide, human breast cancer risk refined
  5. April 3, 2007 - Red meat 'ups breast cancer risk'
  6. April 4, 2007 - Combined treatment ups survival of breast cancer
  7. April 4, 2007 - PSA is poor predictor of lethal prostate cancer - also here
  8. April 4, 2007 - Study: Red meat raises breast cancer risk
  9. April 4, 2007 - Major clinical breast cancer study begins
  10. April 5, 2007 - Bladder Cancer Linked To Androgens And Androgen Receptor In Mice
  11. April 6, 2007 - Male breast cancer worse for blacks than whites
  12. April 6, 2007 - Aspirin Discovery May Improve Cancer Treatments - also here
  13. April 6, 2007 - Combining Therapies Can Improve Survival For Early-stage Breast Cancer Patients - also here
  14. April 7, 2007 - Major Advance In Treatment Of Multiple Myeloma - also here, here
  15. April 8, 2007 - Red Meat Linked To Breast Cancer
  16. April 8, 2007 - Fat 'counters vitamin C benefits'
Background


Multiple sclerosis

References:
  1. April 2, 2007 - Cannabis could hold the key to ending multiple sclerosis misery
Background


The immune system and serotonin production

References:
  1. April 2, 2007 - Getting dirty may lift your mood
Background, Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. April 3, 2007 - Drug Reduces Daily 'Off' Time For Parkinson Patients - also here
  2. April 5, 2007 - Parkinson's Disease: Nicotine Could Help; Pesticides Harm - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. April 3, 2007 - Can An Omega-3 Fatty Acid Slow The Progression Of Alzheimer's Disease?
Background


Telomere length, diabetes, and heart disease

References:
  1. April 3, 2007 - New Genetic Biomarkers Could Predict Coronary Heart Disease - also here
Background, Background


Melatonin production

References:
  1. April 3, 2007 - New Insight Into Melatonin Production - also here
Background


Aging and glycation

References:
  1. April 3, 2007 - Novel Strategies For Healthy Aging
Background


Hypertension

References:
  1. April 3, 2007 - Lowering Blood Pressure Improves Diastolic Dysfunction In Hypertensive Patients
Background


Prions

References:
  1. April 3, 2007 - A new study suggests how prions behave in soil and landfills
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. April 4, 2007 - Weak drug combos find new use
  2. April 5, 2007 - Drug-resistant bacteria can be controlled
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. April 4, 2007 - Adding new diabetes drug may aid glycemic control
  2. April 4, 2007 - Insulin Receptors Play A Critical Role In Promoting Islet Growth - also here
  3. April 4, 2007 - New Direction For Pancreas Cell Regeneration - also here, here
  4. April 4, 2007 - Blood sugar's manufacture limited by building blocks' supply - also here, here
  5. April 5, 2007 - Pancreatic Cells Show Variable Plasticity
Background


Insulin from plants

References:
  1. April 4, 2007 - Firm in GM insulin breakthrough
Background, Background


AIDS

References:
  1. April 4, 2007 - AIDS drug Prezista performs well in new study
  2. April 4, 2007 - Rabies-based Vaccine Could Be Effective Against HIV - also here, here
Background


Autism

References:
  1. April 4, 2007 - Combination Of Early Detection, Timely Treatment Hold Promise For Autism
Background


Digestion and metabolism of fats

References:
  1. April 4, 2007 - New Molecule Involved In The Body's Processing Of Dietary Fat Identified - also here
Background


Effects of lead on learning and memory

References:
  1. April 4, 2007 - How Lead Exposure Produces Learning Deficits - also here
Background


Glucose and brain cell death

References:
  1. April 4, 2007 - Is There Such A Thing As Too Much Sugar?
  2. April 5, 2007 - Glucose Triggers Brain Cell Death In Rats After Hypoglycemic Coma - also here
Background


Influenza

References:
  1. April 4, 2007 - Drug-resistant flu detected: Japanese strains appear transmissible
Background


Metabolic syndrome and cancer

References:
  1. April 5, 2007 - Metabolic syndrome tied to cancer in black men
Background, Background


Immune system response to infectious disease

References:
  1. April 5, 2007 - Researchers Identify Key Protein In Immune Response To Malaria And TB
Background


Effects of nicotine on learning and memory

References:
  1. April 5, 2007 - Nicotine Enhances Learning And Memory: Could This Lead To New Alzheimer's Medications? - also here, here
Background, Background


Lack of efficacy of dieting

References:
  1. April 5, 2007 - Dieting Does Not Work, Researchers Report - also here
Background


Caloric restriction, aging, and longevity

References:
  1. April 5, 2007 - It's Never Too Late To Get It Back! Aging Interrupted
Background, Background


Flavonoids and cancer

References:
  1. April 5, 2007 - Flavonoids: Now Chemists Can Synthesize This Anti-cancer Agent - also here, here
Background, Background


Therapy-induced TGF-β and metastasis

References:
  1. April 5, 2007 - Treatment may fuel cancer's spread, study finds
  2. April 6, 2007 - Tumors Stopped From Spreading In Mice - also here
  3. April 6, 2007 - Tumors stopped from spreading to new sites
Background


Hepatitis C superinfection

References:
  1. April 5, 2007 - Hepatitis C virus blocks 'superinfection'
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. April 5, 2007 - New Tuberculosis Strain in South Africa Causing Concern - also here
Background


Allergies and autoimmune diseases

References:
  1. April 6, 2007 - Connection Between Allergic Diseases And Autoimmune Diseases - also here, here
Background


Statins and sepsis

References:
  1. April 6, 2007 - Statins Linked To Lower Risk Of Infection - also here
Background


Nanoparticle drug delivery for cancer

References:
  1. April 6, 2007 - Why Nanocylinders Deliver Medicine Better Than Nanospheres - also here
Background, Background, Background


Leptin

References:
  1. April 7, 2007 - Leptin Gives Itself Some Negative Feedback
Background


Leptin and cancer

References:
  1. April 7, 2007 - Fat hormone 'boosts colon cancer'
Background, Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved