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Volume 6, Number 11
March 12, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Water on Mars
Thermohaline circulation
Nanotechnology
Global warming
Star formation
AEGIS galaxy survey
Relation between galaxy mass and orbital speed
Fuel cells
Superconductivity
Quantum cryptography
Measuring gravity at short distances
Higgs boson
Hydrogen storage
Earth's mantle
Earthquakes and rainfall
Cataclysmic binary stars
Gamma-ray bursts
Submillimeter astronomy
Geological maps
Ocean acidification
CO2 and tropical peatlands
Immersion lithography
Origins of Earth's magnetic field
Randomness of ice age climate changes
Neutron stars

Life sciences

Mitochondria and aging
MicroRNA and cancer
Cancer biology
Motion-sensitive neurons
Inception of perception
Centrosomes and stem cell division
Mathematical models of predator-prey systems
Regeneration in sea squirts
Sphingolipids
Evolutionary divergence of chimpanzees and humans
Memory and brain activity during sleep
Cellular architecture
Cancer genes
Evolution of cooperation in birds
Genes than can slow cell division
Asymmetric division of T cells
Development of the cerebellum
Synapse formation
Robotic simulation of the evolution of walking
Odor and memory
P53 and tanning
Metacognition in rats
T cells and tumors
Evolutionary theory
Gene transfer in microbial communities
Human face recognition
Invertebrate immune systems
Regulatory T cells
Brain-imaging studies
Serotonin activity and hostile behavior
Cell size and metabolic rate
Selective interference with memory reconsolidation
Fat metabolism

Health and medicine

Avian flu
AIDS
Alcohol and longevity
Cardiovascular disease
Metabolic syndrome
Cancer
New antibiotics
Capsaicin and fat
Flavonoids
Comparison of diets
Diabetes
Obesity and leptin sensitivity
Tuberculosis
Alzheimer's disease
Early onset coronary artery disease
Measles virus anti-cancer therapy
Stem cells
Caloric restriction and longevity
Genetically engineering food with added folate
Ceramide and insulin resistance
Parkinson's disease
Omega-3 fatty acids and mood
Nanoparticle cancer therapy
Schizophrenia
Glucose levels and heart failure
Fat type, weight gain, and diabetes
Genetics of heritable disorders
Anomalous protein production and immune system disorders
Gene therapy
Malaria
Statins and blood pressure


Water on Mars

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Water Flows on Mars? Not So Fast
  2. March 7, 2007 - Surging groundwater solves Martian 'evaporite' mystery
  3. March 7, 2007 - New View of Ancient Mars Water System
  4. March 7, 2007 - Early Mars Had Underground Water System - also here
  5. March 7, 2007 - Mars Water Traces Left by Springs, Not Seas, Experts Say
  6. March 7, 2007 - Not a sea, but a seep, on Mars
Background


Thermohaline circulation

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Global warming won't halt ocean current
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Frozen Lightning: NIST's New Nanoelectronic Switch
  2. March 8, 2007 - Computer Model Could Aid Design Of Nanomaterials
  3. March 9, 2007 - Gold nanorods assemble themselves into rings - also here, here
  4. March 11, 2007 - Tiny Nanoelectrodes Can Probe Microscale Environments - also here
  5. March 13, 2007 - Rings Made Of Little Rods
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Global warming reaches Mount Everest
  2. March 7, 2007 - Tundra Disappearing At Rapid Rate - also here
  3. March 7, 2007 - Heatwave On The Top Of The World
  4. March 10, 2007 - Warming Report to Warn of Coming Drought - also here, here
  5. March 13, 2007 - Canadian tundra is rapidly disappearing
Background


Star formation

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Sun's Baby Twin Spotted
  2. March 7, 2007 - Jet Of Molecular Hydrogen Arising From A Forming High-mass Star - also here
Background


AEGIS galaxy survey

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - Panorama reveals thousands of growing galaxies
  2. March 6, 2007 - Galaxy Survey Focuses On 'Pre-teen' Years - also here
  3. March 7, 2007 - AEGIS survey reveals new principle governing galaxy formation and evolution
Background


Relation between galaxy mass and orbital speed

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - Fundamental Rule Describes All Galaxies
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - New Nanoscale Engineering Breakthrough Points To Hydrogen-powered Vehicles - also here, here
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - Imaging 'Gridlock' In High-temperature Superconductors - also here, here
  2. March 7, 2007 - Looking for 'Stripes' in High-Tc superconductors
  3. March 7, 2007 - Paving the Way for Crystal Growth
  4. March 8, 2007 - Unlocking The Secrets Of High-temperature Superconductors
Background


Quantum cryptography

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - JST, NEC Realize Secure Quantum Key Distribution with Quantitative Assurance
  2. March 8, 2007 - Quantum cryptography goes wireless
  3. March 9, 2007 - Quantum Spookiness Spans the Canary Islands
  4. March 14, 2007 - Long-Distance Quantum Message May Advance Code Making, Code Breaking
  5. March 16, 2007 - Wireless Transmission of Quantum Code
Background


Measuring gravity at short distances

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - New Spin Source Could Offer Insight Into Gravity
Background


Higgs boson

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - Fermilab data hint at Higgs boson
  2. March 7, 2007 - Particle X in rare decay could belong to a new physics model
Background


Hydrogen storage

References:
  1. March 6, 2008 - New hydrogen-storing nanomaterial revealed
Background, Background


Earth's mantle

References:
  1. March 7, 2007 - Atoms under the mantle - also here, here
Background


Earthquakes and rainfall

References:
  1. March 8, 2007 - California's cloudbursts pave the way for quakes
Background


Cataclysmic binary stars

References:
  1. March 8, 2007 - Double-star Systems Cycle Between Big And Small Blasts - also here,
  2. March 13, 2007 - Shockingly Large Explosion from Tiny Star System
  3. March 14, 2007 - NASA Mission Finds Link Between Big And Small Stellar Blasts
Background


Gamma-ray bursts

References:
  1. March 8, 2007 - Exploding Star Sets Longevity Record
  2. March 9, 2007 - Gamma-ray birth cries suggest massive magnetic engines - also here
  3. March 11, 2007 - Gamma-Ray Burst Challenges Theory - also here, here
Background


Submillimeter astronomy

References:
  1. March 8, 2007 - Next-generation radio telescopes pass first key test
Background


Geological maps

References:
  1. March 8, 2007 - Rock scientists to make map of the world
Background


Ocean acidification

References:
  1. March 9, 2007 - Ocean Acidification From Carbon Dioxide
  2. March 11, 2007 - Regardless Of Global Warming, Rising Carbon Dioxide Levels Threaten Marine Life - also here, here
Background, Background


CO2 and tropical peatlands

References:
  1. March 9, 2007 - Greenhouse Gas Threat From Tropical Peatland Under Investigation
Background


Immersion lithography

References:
  1. March 9, 2007 - Research on Novel Materials Holds Key to Extending Immersion Lithography
Background


Origins of Earth's magnetic field

References:
  1. March 9, 2007 - Molten sodium mimics Earth's magnetic-field flipping
  2. March 10, 2007 - New Insights Into Origin Of Earth's Magnetic Field - also here, here
Background


Randomness of ice age climate changes

References:
  1. March 10, 2007 - Climate Change: Could It Be Random? - also here
Background


Neutron stars

References:
  1. March 11, 2007 - XMM-Newton finds the leader of the Magnificent Seven in a spin - also here, here
Background



Mitochondria and aging

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Pieces May Not Fit Age-Old Puzzle
  2. March 5, 2007 - New data contradict aging theory
Background


MicroRNA and cancer

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Leukemia Drug Turns Mini-molecules Up, Cancer Genes Down
Background, Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Researchers Find A Mechanism By Which Cells Resist Chemotherapy - also here
Background


Motion-sensitive neurons

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Neurons That Detect Motion Rapidly Switch Between Modes Of Data Collection
Background


Inception of perception

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Scientists Explain Inception Of Perception In The Brain - also here, here
Background


Centrosomes and stem cell division

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Researchers Discover New Mechanism That Regulates Stem Cell Division
Background, Background


Mathematical models of predator-prey systems

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Staying Alive
Background


Regeneration in sea squirts

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - Sea squirt fragment regenerates entire body
  2. March 6, 2007 - Whole Body Regeneration From A Blood Vessel
Background


Sphingolipids

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - Sphingolipids With Therapeutic Ends - also here
Background


Evolutionary divergence of chimpanzees and humans

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - Two-step Process Filters Evolution Of Genes Of Human And Chimpanzee - also here
Background


Memory and brain activity during sleep

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - Neuroscientist Records Surprising Brain 'Dialogue' During Sleep
  2. March 7, 2007 - Is Your Memory Erased While You Sleep?
Background


Cellular architecture

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - An architectural plan of the cell - also here
Background


Cancer genes

References:
  1. March 7, 2007 - Far more mutations than thought involved in cancer
  2. March 7, 2007 - Many gene mutations drive cancer
  3. March 7, 2007 - Dozens of new cancer genes found
  4. March 7, 2007 - More than 150 new cancer mutations found
  5. March 8, 2007 - Largest Genome Study Of Cancer Types Finds Many Mutations
Background


Evolution of cooperation in birds

References:
  1. March 7, 2007 - 'Wingman' -- How Buddies Help Alpha Males Get The Girl - also here
Background


Genes than can slow cell division

References:
  1. March 7, 2007 - Scientists Discover Genes That Can Slow Cell Division And May Fight Cancer
Background, Background


Asymmetric division of T cells

References:
  1. March 7, 2007 - Making Daughters Different: How Immune Cells Take Divergent Paths When Fighting Infections
Background


Development of the cerebellum

References:
  1. March 7, 2007 - Researchers discover gene essential to cerebellum formation - also here
Background


Synapse formation

References:
  1. March 7, 2007 - Hairstyle of a Neuron: From Hairy to Mushroom-Head
Background


Robotic simulation of the evolution of walking

References:
  1. March 8, 2007 - Salamander robot uses 'spinal cord' to move
  2. March 8, 2007 - Robot Salamander May Give Evolution Clues - also here, here, here, here
  3. March 8, 2007 - Robo-salamander goes swimming
  4. March 8, 2007 - Robot Salamander May Give Evolution Clues
  5. March 9, 2007 - Salamander robot sheds light on early land dwellers
  6. March 9, 2007 - Salamander robot shows how swimmers walk
  7. March 9, 2007 - Novel Salamander Robot Crawls Its Way Up The Evolutionary Ladder - also here
  8. March 9, 2007 - Robo-salamander's evolution clues
  9. March 9, 2007 - Robot Salamander Helps Unlock Evolution Mysteries
Background, Background


Odor and memory

References:
  1. March 8, 2007 - Rose-scented sleep improves memory
  2. March 9, 2007 - Want a better memory? Stop and smell the roses
  3. March 11, 2007 - Study Probes Odor, Sleep and Memory Link - also here, here
Background


P53 and tanning

References:
  1. March 8, 2007 - Anti-Cancer Gene Triggers Tanning
  2. March 9, 2007 - Gene behind tanning comes out of hiding
  3. March 9, 2007 - A Protein Twofer That Triggers Tanning and Protects against Skin Cancer
  4. March 11, 2007 - 'Guardian Of The Genome' Protein Found To Underlie Skin Tanning - also here, here
Background


Metacognition in rats

References:
  1. March 8, 2007 - The Rodent Who Knew Too Much
  2. March 9, 2007 - Rats Capable Of Reflecting On Mental Processes - also here
  3. March 9, 2007 - Metacognition: Faced with a test, rats can check their knowledge first - also here
Background


T cells and tumors

References:
  1. March 8, 2007 - How T Lymphocytes Attack Tumors
Background, Background


Evolutionary theory

References:
  1. March 8, 2007 - Lizards May Help Unlock Secrets of Evolution - also here
  2. March 9, 2007 - Virtual Duck Bills Demonstrate Species Coexistence
Background


Gene transfer in microbial communities

References:
  1. March 8, 2007 - Mine Runoff Continues To Provide Clues To Microbial Diversification - also here
  2. March 11, 2007 - Gene Transfer Between Species Is Surprisingly Common - also here
Background


Human face recognition

References:
  1. March 8, 2007 - Innate or learned, recognition begins almost at birth
Background, Background


Invertebrate immune systems

References:
  1. March 9, 2007 - An Infection to Remember
  2. March 11, 2007 - Fruit Fly Insight Could Lead To New Vaccines - also here
Background


Regulatory T cells

References:
  1. March 9, 2007 - Researchers Discover New Way To Fight Autoimmune Diseases - also here
Background, Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. March 9, 2007 - Subliminal Advertising Leaves Its Mark On The Brain - also here
  2. March 9, 2007 - Subliminal images impact on brain
Background


Serotonin activity and hostile behavior

References:
  1. March 9, 2007 - Study: Genes Make Women Cranky
  2. March 10, 2007 - Anger and Aggression in Women: Blame It On Genetics - also here, here
Background


Cell size and metabolic rate

References:
  1. March 10, 2007 - Species' Sizes Affect Lives Of Cells In Mammals - also here
Background


Selective interference with memory reconsolidation

References:
  1. March 11, 2007 - Wipe out a single memory
Background


Fat metabolism

References:
  1. March 11, 2007 - Fruit flies provide liver hope
Background, Background



Avian flu

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - China launches mass bird flu vaccination campaign
  2. March 5, 2007 - Vaccine May Treat Many Bird Flu Strains - also here
  3. March 6, 2007 - New Vaccine Protects against Multiple Viral Strains
  4. March 6, 2007 - Scientists Reconstruct Migration Of Avian Flu Virus - also here
  5. March 8, 2007 - Laos teenager dies from bird flu
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Scientists Discover 'Natural Barrier' to HIV - also here
  2. March 5, 2007 - HIV transmission risk highest early in infection: study
  3. March 6, 2007 - Risk of HIV transmission highest early in infection - also here
  4. March 10, 2007 - New Generation Of HIV/AIDS Drugs Could Prevent Initial Infection
Background


Alcohol and longevity

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Moderate drinking may benefit elderly men
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Dietary Copper May Ease Heart Disease - also here, here
  2. March 5, 2007 - Whole-grain Breakfast Cereal Associated With Reduced Heart Failure Risk - also here
  3. March 5, 2007 - Obstructive Sleep Apnea Increasingly Associated With Cardiovascular Disease
  4. March 7, 2007 - ECG Abnormalities Linked With Increased Risk Of Cardiovascular Events In Women
  5. March 16, 2007 - Sleep apnea a risk for heart disease, stroke
Background, Background


Metabolic syndrome

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Pharmacist-driven Outreach Lowers Metabolic Syndrome Rates
Background, Background


Cancer

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Cancer Treatment Targets Tumor Blood Supply In Patients - also here
  2. March 5, 2007 - Genetic Analysis Enables Personalizing Of Treatment Of Cancer - also here
  3. March 6, 2007 - Risks of aspirin outweigh cancer benefit for most - also here
  4. March 6, 2007 - Breast cancer treatment heats up - also here, here
  5. March 7, 2007 - Tiny, heated "nano-probes" beat cancer in mice
  6. March 7, 2007 - Researchers use heated nanoprobes to destroy breast cancer cells in mice - also here
  7. March 7, 2007 - Lung Cancer Risk Reduced In Female Textile Workers Exposed To Endotoxin
  8. March 7, 2007 - Ovarian Cancer May Mimic Fallopian Tube Formation - also here, here
  9. March 7, 2007 - Probe to detect spread of breast cancer developed - also here, here
  10. March 7, 2007 - Lung cancer screening test called exciting
  11. March 8, 2007 - New Link Between Wine, Fermented Food And Cancer
  12. March 8, 2007 - Major Gene Study Uncovers Secrets Of Leukemia - also here, here
  13. March 9, 2007 - Low-dose "Pill" reduces ovarian cancer risk
  14. March 9, 2007 - PET Imaging Identifies Aggressive Kidney Cancers That Require Surgery - also here
  15. March 9, 2007 - Researchers Analyze New Kinds Of Cancer-fighting Antibodies - also here
  16. March 9, 2007 - A Protein That Promotes Leukemia - also here
  17. March 9, 2007 - Peptide Frees p73 Protein To Kill Tumor Cells - also here
  18. March 10, 2007 - Researchers Identify Ovarian Cancer Biomarkers - also here, here, here
  19. March 11, 2007 - Research Strengthens Link Between Smoking, Pancreatic Cancer - also here
  20. March 11, 2007 - Marine Moss Reveals Clues To Anti-cancer Compound - also here, here
Background


New antibiotics

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Natural Antibiotics Yield Secrets To Atom-level Imaging Technique - also here
Background


Capsaicin and fat

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Red Pepper: Hot Stuff For Fighting Fat? - also here
Background


Flavonoids

References:
  1. March 5, 2007 - Studies Force New View On Biology Of Flavonoids - also here
Background


Comparison of diets

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - Atkins diet marginally better than rivals
  2. March 6, 2007 - U.S. study tips scale in favor of Atkins diet - also here
  3. March 6, 2007 - Atkins Beats Other Diet Plans in Study
  4. March 7, 2007 - Women do best on Atkins diet
  5. March 7, 2007 - Diet Study Tips Scale In Favor Of Atkins Plan
  6. March 7, 2007 - Atkins diet wins for losing
  7. March 7, 2007 - Study backs worth of Atkins diet
  8. March 7, 2007 - Ornish: New Atkins diet study flawed
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - Treating depression improves diabetes control
  2. March 6, 2007 - Breath test for diabetes
  3. March 8, 2007 - Tai Chi Chuan may benefit type 2 diabetes patients
  4. March 8, 2007 - Insulin -- In Need Of Some Restraint? - also here, here
Background


Obesity and leptin sensitivity

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - In obesity, the brain is unaware of body fat
  2. March 7, 2007 - In Obesity, Brain Becomes 'Unaware' Of Fat - also here
  3. March 8, 2007 - Brain May Be Unaware of Body's Excess Fat Stores
  4. March 8, 2007 - Obesity Causes Breakdown In System Which Regulates Appetite And Weight - also here
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - TB strain threatens "uncontrollable" epidemic
  2. March 6, 2007 - Researchers Identify New Adherence Factor, Pili, Produced By Tuberculosis - also here
  3. March 8, 2007 - Smoking boosts risk of tuberculosis
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - Study Examines Genetic Risk Factors For Alzheimer's Disease - also here, here
  2. March 7, 2007 - Exercise slows decline in Alzheimer's patients
  3. March 7, 2007 - Common Enzyme Interaction Could Hold Clues To Alzheimer's
  4. March 9, 2007 - Gene Tests And Brain Imaging Reveal Early Dementia - also here
  5. March 10, 2007 - Inhaled Anesthetics Accelerate Appearance Of Brain Plaque In Animals - also here, here
Background


Early onset coronary artery disease

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - Single Genetic Defect Causes Early Heart Disease
Background


Measles virus anti-cancer therapy

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - Investigating The Measles Virus As A Tool To Kill Multiple Myeloma - also here
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - Treating Male Infertility With Stem Cells
  2. March 8, 2007 - Scientists plan China, HK, Taiwan stem cell trial - also here
  3. March 9, 2007 - Type of stem cell found to reside in transplanted lungs - also here
  4. March 11, 2007 - Mouse tests show stem cells treat brain disease
Background


Caloric restriction and longevity

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - How Eating Less Might Make You Live Longer
  2. March 10, 2007 - Mouse and Human Cells Respond to Slim Diet
Background, Background


Genetically engineering food with added folate

References:
  1. March 6, 2007 - Researchers design folate-packed tomato
  2. March 9, 2007 - New Genetically Engineered Tomatoes Have Enhanced Folate Content - also here
Background, Background


Ceramide and insulin resistance

References:
  1. March 7, 2007 - Stress-signaling Fat Is A Culprit Behind Insulin Resistance
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. March 7, 2007 - Genes Affecting Susceptibility To Parkinson's Following Exposure To Weed Killer Identified
Background


Omega-3 fatty acids and mood

References:
  1. March 7, 2007 - Omega-3 Boosts Grey Matter, May Explain Improved Moods - also here, here
  2. March 13, 2007 - Omega-3 may be good for your mood
Background


Nanoparticle cancer therapy

References:
  1. March 7, 2007 - Watery Nanoparticles Deliver Anticancer Therapy
  2. March 7, 2007 - Magnetic Nanocrystals Carry Tumor-Killing Drugs
  3. March 7, 2007 - No Carrier Necessary: This Drug Delivers Itself
Background, Background, Background


Schizophrenia

References:
  1. March 7, 2006 - Why we can't tickle ourselves
Background


Glucose levels and heart failure

References:
  1. March 8, 2007 - Even 'High Normal' Glucose Levels May Increase The Risk Of Hospitalization For Heart Failure - also here
Background


Fat type, weight gain, and diabetes

References:
  1. March 8, 2007 - How A Specific Fat Type Can Protect Against Weight Gain And Diabetes
  2. March 8, 2007 - New Discovery About Fatty Tissue That Burns Fat
Background, Background


Genetics of heritable disorders

References:
  1. March 8, 2007 - Computer Key Unlocks Heritable Disorders
Background


Anomalous protein production and immune system disorders

References:
  1. March 8, 2007 - Misshaped Proteins Like Ones Associated With Parkinson's And Alzheimer's Can Affect Immune System
Background, Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. March 8, 2007 - Gene Therapy Shows Promise As Treatment For Diseased Limbs
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. March 9, 2007 - Researchers Discover Breakthrough In Malaria Treatment - also here
Background


Statins and blood pressure

References:
  1. March 9, 2007 - New research finds that cholesterol busting statins also reduce blood pressure - also here
Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved