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Volume 6, Number 8
February 19, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

CO2 in the deep ocean
Superconductivity
Quantum computing
Controlled nuclear fusion
Neutron stars
Glacial melting
Climate modeling
Laser wakefield accelerators
Global warming
Robotics
Earthquake forecasting
Dark matter galaxies
Gravitational wave observatories
Water on Mars
Retinal prostheses
Carbon nanotubes
Quantum weirdness
CO2 sequestration
Nanotechnology
Quantum criticality
High-temperature quantum Hall effect
Computer object recognition
Star formation
Spintronics
Autonomous vehicles
Modified theories of gravity
Ocean acidification
Methane on Titan
James Webb Space Telescope
Fine structure constant

Life sciences

Cloning
Viral infection using filopodia
Genetic factors in nicotine addiction
Mathematical modeling of neuronal networks
Cloning from adult stem cells
Stem cells and cancer
Brain-imaging studies
Face recognition
Neurochemistry of romantic attraction
Developmentl proteins for cell differentiation and growth
AMP-activated protein kinase
Origins of multicellular life
Neurogenesis
Origins of incest taboos
Brain proteome maps
Uniparental stem cells
Protein association rates
Development of spinal precursors
Cancer biology
Effect of opiods on pain perception
Regressive evolution
Hominid survival
Population genetics and natural selection

Health and medicine

Cancer
Prions
Avian flu
AIDS
Cardiovascular disease
Stem cells
Stress and the immune system
Tuberculosis vaccine
Parkinson's disease
Alzheimer's disease
Fingertip regeneration
Genetic factors for obesity
Antibiotics
Withdrawal from opiate addiction
Drug delivery
Pathogenic immune response to viruses
Diabetes
Mitochondria, fat metabolism, acetylcarnatine, and coenzyme A
RNA interference and nerve regeneration
Neural prostheses
Leptin and food rewards
Antisense drug for cancer
Metabolic syndrome
Endocrine-disrupting chemicals and obesity
Tooth regeneration
Fingertip regeneration
Flavanol benefits
Atherosclerosis
Cancer gene therapy
Biochips, microfluidics, and artificial cells
Autism


CO2 in the deep ocean

References:
  1. February 12, 2007 - CO2 being pushed deep into the oceans
  2. February 12, 2007 - Carbon goes deep
Background, Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. February 12, 2007 - Physicists Set 'Speed Limit' For Future Superconducting Magnet - also here, here
  2. February 16, 2007 - Strain has major effect on high-temp superconductors - also here, here
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. February 12, 2007 - New supercomputer to be unveiled
  2. February 13, 2007 - First "Commercial" Quantum Computer Solves Sudoku Puzzles
  3. February 13, 2007 - Controlling Photons for Use in Quantum Computing
  4. February 14, 2007 - D-Wave Demonstrated World's First Commercial Quantum Computer
  5. February 15, 2007 - Firm claims first "commercial" quantum computer
  6. February 15, 2007 - Scientists dubious of quantum claims by Canadian firm - also here
  7. February 15, 2007 - Quantum computing at 16 qubits
Background


Controlled nuclear fusion

References:
  1. February 13, 2007 - Reactor Upgrades Help Researchers Study Nuclear Fusion As Energy Source - also here, here
Background


Neutron stars

References:
  1. February 13, 2007 - Scientists Find High Energy Systems Hidden In 'Gas Cocoon'
  2. February 16, 2007 - Star Shatters Spinning Speed Record
Background


Glacial melting

References:
  1. February 13, 2007 - Glaciers not on simple, upward trend of melting - also here
  2. February 15, 2007 - Predicting Fate of Glaciers Proves Slippery Task
  3. February 17, 2007 - Climate on the Rocks
Background


Climate modeling

References:
  1. February 13, 2007 - Researcher seeks 'missing piece' in climate change models
  2. February 15, 2007 - Open Source Software Toolkit Plays Key Role In New Climate Simulations - also here
  3. February 17, 2007 - The insides of clouds may be the key to climate change
Background


Laser wakefield accelerators

References:
  1. February 14, 2007 - Tiny plasma particle accelerator smashes record
  2. February 14, 2007 - Plasma wakefield "turbocharges" particle accelerator
  3. February 15, 2007 - New Accelerator Technique Doubles Particle Energy In Just One Meter - also here, here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. February 14, 2007 - NASA Study Finds Warmer Future Could Bring Droughts - also here
  2. February 14, 2007 - 2006 Was Earth's Fifth Warmest Year, Say NASA Climatologists
  3. February 16, 2007 - US needs to plan for climate change-induced summer droughts
  4. February 16, 2007 - Record for hottest January isn't broken ... it's smashed - also here, here
  5. February 17, 2007 - Antarctic Temperatures Disagree With Climate Model Predictions - also here
  6. February 18, 2007 - Science Group: Warming a Mounting Threat - also here
Background


Robotics

References:
  1. February 14, 2007 - The second humanoid robot in France
Background


Earthquake forecasting

References:
  1. February 14, 2007 - Shaky Ground
  2. February 15, 2007 - A Crystal Ball Of Earthquakes - also here
  3. February 15, 2007 - Scientists plan 10-year quake forecasts
Background


Dark matter galaxies

References:
  1. February 14, 2007 - New Theory Explains Mysterious Dark Galaxies
  2. February 15, 2007 - Light is shed on darkest galaxies
  3. February 16, 2007 - Mystery of Galaxies Full of Dark Matter Solved
  4. February 17, 2007 - Origin Of Darkest Galaxies In The Universe Elucidated - also here
Background, Background


Gravitational wave observatories

References:
  1. February 14, 2007 - LIGO and Virgo Join Forces In Search for Gravitational Waves
  2. February 15, 2007 - Gravitational wave observatories to join forces
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. February 15, 2007 - Underground pipes channelled water on Mars
  2. February 15, 2007 - More evidence of water is found on Mars
  3. February 15, 2007 - Martian Cracks Show Signs of Once-Flowing Water
  4. February 15, 2007 - Underground Plumbing System Discovered on Mars
  5. February 15, 2007 - Rocks reveal Mars' watery past
  6. February 16, 2007 - Evidence of long-term water flows on Mars
  7. February 16, 2007 - Mars Orbiter Sees Effects Of Ancient Underground Fluids
  8. February 16, 2007 - More Evidence Found for Water on Mars - also here
Background


Retinal prostheses

References:
  1. February 15, 2007 - Artificial retina implant holds promise for blind - also here, here, here, here
  2. February 16, 2007 - Better 'bionic eye' offers new hope of restored vision
  3. February 16, 2007 - Trials for 'bionic' eye implants
  4. February 17, 2007 - Artificial Retina Could Help Blind Regain Partial Sight - also here
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. February 15, 2007 - Study Expands Potential For Using Nanotubes In Water Purification, Genetic Research - also here, here
  2. February 16, 2007 - Nanotube, Heal Thyself: Atomic Blemishes Move, Repairing Molecular Skin In Their Wake - also here, here
Background


Quantum weirdness

References:
  1. February 15, 2007 - Photons denied a glimpse of their observer
  2. February 16, 2007 - After a Short Delay, Quantum Mechanics Becomes Even Weirder
Background


CO2 sequestration

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - Biggest carbon-burial test will hunt for leaks
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - Swiss Cheese Silicon Sorts Molecules by Size
  2. February 23, 2007 - Super-thin Filter, 50 Atoms Thick, Sorts Individual Molecules - also here, here, here, here
Background


Quantum criticality

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - Quantum Effects Writ Large: Evidence Points To Quantum Nature Of Large-scale Effects - also here
Background


High-temperature quantum Hall effect

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - Quantum Hall Effect Observed At Room Temperature - also here, here
Background


Computer object recognition

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - Computer Model Mimicks How Brain Recognizes Street Scenes
Background


Star formation

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - Chandra Peers Into the Pillars of Creation
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - Disorder may be in order for 'spintronic' devices - also here, here
Background


Autonomous vehicles

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - Student engineers, gearing up for high-tech challenge
  2. February 19, 2007 - Urban road race to test limits of robotic cars
Background


Modified theories of gravity

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - Macro, not micro: modified theories of gravity
Background


Ocean acidification

References:
  1. February 17, 2007 - The Rising Tide of Acid
  2. February 17, 2007 - Acid Oceans Threatening Marine Food Chain, Experts Warn
Background, Background


Methane on Titan

References:
  1. February 17, 2007 - Titan's organic cloud
  2. February 18, 2007 - Titan's Dark Mirror
Background


James Webb Space Telescope

References:
  1. February 17, 2007 - Tiny shutters for new observatory
Background


Fine structure constant

References:
  1. February 18, 2007 - Clock Comparison Yields Clues To 'Constant' Change - also here
Background



Cloning

References:
  1. February 12, 2007 - Males more prone to cloning
Background


Viral infection using filopodia

References:
  1. February 12, 2007 - Retroviruses Cross Little Bridges to Infect New Cells
  2. February 12, 2007 - Viruses bridge gap to healthy cells
  3. February 21, 2007 - Study: The body forms viral 'highways'
Background


Genetic factors in nicotine addiction

References:
  1. February 12, 2007 - Studies Identify DNA Regions Linked To Nicotine Dependence - also here, here, here
Background


Mathematical modeling of neuronal networks

References:
  1. February 12, 2007 - Wiring Diagrams Of A Neuronal Network Based On Its Dynamics
Background


Cloning from adult stem cells

References:
  1. February 12, 2007 - Scientists Clone Mice From Adult Skin Stem Cells - also here
  2. February 13, 2007 - Mice cloned from skin stem cells
  3. February 13, 2007 - Mice cloned from skin cells
  4. February 13, 2007 - Mouse Clones Sprout from Adult Skin Cells
Background, Background


Stem cells and cancer

References:
  1. February 12, 2007 - First Evidence Of Stem Cells In Pancreatic Tumors
  2. February 14, 2007 - Gene That Grows Brain Also Grows Tumors
Background, Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. February 13, 2007 - Newborn Brains Grow Vision And Movement Regions First
Background


Face recognition

References:
  1. February 13, 2007 - Faces, Faces Everywhere
Background, Background


Neurochemistry of romantic attraction

References:
  1. February 14, 2007 - Psychologist Explains The Neurochemistry Behind Romance - also here
Background


Developmentl proteins for cell differentiation and growth

References:
  1. February 14, 2007 - New Protein Super-family Discovered With Critical Functions For Animal Life
Background, Background


AMP-activated protein kinase

References:
  1. February 14, 2007 - Scientists Determine 3-D Structure Of Cell's 'Fuel Gauge'
  2. February 16, 2007 - Scientists Uncover Cause Of Antipsychotic Drug Weight Gain
Background, Background


Origins of multicellular life

References:
  1. February 15, 2007 - Cold Climate Produced By Algae Contributed To Onset Of Multicellular Life - also here
Background


Neurogenesis

References:
  1. February 15, 2007 - Brain cell regeneration sniffed out in adult humans
  2. February 15, 2007 - New Cells from Old Brains
  3. February 15, 2007 - Human Brain Can Make New Cells, Study Finds - also here, here
  4. February 15, 2007 - Neurogenesis happens in humans, too
Background


Origins of incest taboos

References:
  1. February 15, 2007 - Scientists explain why incest revolts us
  2. February 15, 2007 - Evolving a Mechanism to Avoid Sex with Siblings
  3. February 16, 2007 - Researchers study sibling detection mechanism - also here
Background


Brain proteome maps

References:
  1. February 15, 2007 - Googling Brain Proteins With 3-D Goggles - also here
Background


Uniparental stem cells

References:
  1. February 15, 2007 - New Hope For Regenerative Medicine: Hematopoietic Reconstitution With Uniparental Stem Cells - also here
  2. February 16, 2007 - Researchers replace organ in adult mice using 'single-parent' stem cells - also here
  3. February 18, 2007 - One-Parent Embryos: A Step Ahead in Stem Cells
Background, Background


Protein association rates

References:
  1. February 15, 2007 - Researchers determine a critical factor in workings of proteins
Background


Development of spinal precursors

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - Paper Challenges Controversial Theories About Mode Of Formation Of Spinal Precursors
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - 'Gateway' Gene Discovered For Brain Cancer - also here, here
Background


Effect of opiods on pain perception

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - Building A Better Painkiller: Neuroscientists Explain Inner Workings Of Critical Pain Pathway - also here, here
Background


Regressive evolution

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - 'Regressive Evolution' In Cavefish: Natural Selection Or Genetic Drift
Background


Hominid survival

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - Birth rate, competition are major players in hominid extinctions - also here
Background


Population genetics and natural selection

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - Studies of population genetics, evolution are an exercise in bad taste
Background



Cancer

References:
  1. February 12, 2007 - Study finds newer breast cancer drugs save lives
  2. February 13, 2007 - New Line Of Treatment Discovered For Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia - also here
  3. February 13, 2007 - Genetic Fingerprints Identify Brain Tumors' Origins
  4. February 13, 2007 - Breast Cancer Survival Rates Improved By Novel Drug Sequence, Say Researchers - also here
  5. February 13, 2007 - Modeling Lung Cancer: New Mouse Model Validates Targeted Chemotherapeutic
  6. February 13, 2007 - Nexavar shown to significantly extend survival for patients with advanced liver cancer
  7. February 13, 2007 - New test distinguishes between two cancers
  8. February 14, 2007 - Technology Captures Tumors' Genetic Profile, Guides Cancer Treatment - also here
  9. February 14, 2007 - Early Switch To An Aromatase Inhibitor Increases Survival For Breast Cancer Patients
  10. February 14, 2007 - Peptide Vaccine Fights Off Breast Tumors With Aid Of Bacteria-mimicking Agents
  11. February 15, 2007 - Active Lifestyle Reduces Risk Of Invasive Breast Cancer - also here, here
  12. February 15, 2007 - Gene expression test reveals ER and HER-2 status of breast tumors
  13. February 16, 2007 - Shortening Chromosomes Cause For Earlier Cancer Onset In Families With Rare Syndrome - also here
  14. February 17, 2007 - Computer Tool Helps Pinpoint Risky Gene Mutations, Predict Cancer Cases
  15. February 17, 2007 - New Biomarker Test Could Predict Outcome For Bladder Cancer Patients
Background


Prions

References:
  1. February 12, 2007 - Virus in the frame for prion diseases
  2. February 15, 2007 - Study Reveals Structural Dynamics Of Single Prion Molecules - also here
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. February 12, 2007 - UK bird flu outbreak - who dunnit?
  2. February 12, 2007 - Study suggests possible bird flu immunity
  3. February 13, 2007 - British, Hungarian bird flu outbreaks linked
  4. February 14, 2007 - Egyptian woman tests positive for bird flu: WHO
  5. February 14, 2007 - Bird flu strikes Egyptian woman
  6. February 14, 2007 - Flu Shot Might Also Offer Some Protection Against H5N1 - also here
  7. February 15, 2007 - U.S. wild-bird survey finds no evidence of H5N1
  8. February 16, 2007 - Egyptian woman with bird flu dies: health official
  9. February 16, 2007 - World moves closer to having bird flu vaccine: WHO
  10. February 16, 2007 - Bird flu discovered in Moscow region
  11. February 16, 2007 - UK and Hungary dispute source of bird flu outbreak - also here
  12. February 16, 2007 - Bird flu spreads to 10 villages in Turkey
  13. February 16, 2007 - Egyptian woman dies of bird flu, 13th death
  14. February 17, 2007 - Long road ahead in developing effective avian flu vaccination strategy - also here
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. February 12, 2007 - AIDS resistance secret may be in blood
  2. February 13, 2007 - Study Suggests New Model For Testing And Discovery Of Anti-HIV Drugs
  3. February 14, 2007 - AIDS virus weakness detected, could help vaccine - also here
  4. February 14, 2007 - HIV reveals site of vulnerability
  5. February 14, 2007 - HIV attacks the first line of defence
  6. February 15, 2007 - Scientists unveil piece of HIV protein that may be key to AIDS vaccine development - also here
  7. February 15, 2007 - Researchers discover new details about HIV-1 entry and infection
  8. February 15, 2007 - Scientists expose HIV weak spot
  9. February 18, 2007 - Dominican Prostitutes Test AIDS Vaccine
Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. February 12, 2007 - Napping May Be Good for Your Heart
  2. February 13, 2007 - Midday Napping Associated With Reduced Risk Of Heart-related Death
  3. February 14, 2007 - Calcium Lowers Cardiovascular Risk In People On A Weight Loss Program, Study Finds
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. February 13, 2007 - Human Stem Cell Transplants Repair Rat Spinal Cords - also here, here, here
  2. February 16, 2007 - Stem Cells Determine Their Daughters' Fate
  3. February 16, 2007 - Researchers discover 'sticky' proteins fuse adult stem cells to cardiac muscle, repairing hearts - also here, here
Background


Stress and the immune system

References:
  1. February 13, 2007 - Insecure relationships may drain immune system - also here
  2. February 14, 2007 - Insecurity may drain your immune system
Background


Tuberculosis vaccine

References:
  1. February 13, 2007 - Team creates spray drying technique for TB vaccine - also here
  2. February 20, 2007 - New Powdered Tuberculosis Vaccine May Lead to Life-Saving Aerosol
Background, Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. February 14, 2007 - Find Yields Further Insight Into Causes Of Parkinson's Disease
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. February 14, 2007 - Fragile X protein may play role in Alzheimer's disease
  2. February 15, 2007 - Targeting Tau: Inflammation Study Suggests New Approach For Fighting Alzheimer's
  3. February 15, 2007 - Innovative Alzheimer's Research May Solve Critical Piece In Disease's Puzzle
  4. February 18, 2007 - Protein Inhibitor Tangles With Alzheimer's Disease
Background


Fingertip regeneration

References:
  1. February 14, 2007 - Doctors seek to regrow parts of fingers
  2. February 18, 2007 - Science Finding Ways to Regrow Fingers - also here
Background


Genetic factors for obesity

References:
  1. February 15, 2007 - Unique Twin Study Shows Increased Cardiometabolic Risk In Obesity - also here
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. February 15, 2007 - Protein Discovery Targets Antibiotic-resistant Bacteria - also here
Background


Withdrawal from opiate addiction

References:
  1. February 15, 2007 - Disrupting brain's stress system intensifies opiate withdrawal
Background


Drug delivery

References:
  1. February 15, 2007 - Nanoscale packaging could aid delivery of cancer-fighting drugs
Background, Background


Pathogenic immune response to viruses

References:
  1. February 15, 2007 - New study may show how to forestall a fatal, virus-caused immune-system meltdown
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. February 15, 2007 - New oral drug for type 2 diabetes shows promise
Background


Mitochondria, fat metabolism, acetylcarnatine, and coenzyme A

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - Protein Sensor For Fatty Acid Buildup In Mitochondria - also here
Background, Background, Background


RNA interference and nerve regeneration

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - Getting On Your Nerves ... And Repairing Them - also here
Background, Background


Neural prostheses

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - Harnessing the brain's plasticity key to treating neurological damage
Background


Leptin and food rewards

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - Rewarding fat rats
Background


Antisense drug for cancer

References:
  1. February 16, 2007 - First Antisense Drug Provides Benefit To Subset Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Patients - also here
Background, Background


Metabolic syndrome

References:
  1. February 17, 2007 - Blood Pressure Heads Down In The Absence Of Protein Involved In Metabolic Syndrome
Background


Endocrine-disrupting chemicals and obesity

References:
  1. February 17, 2007 - Programmed for obesity
Background


Tooth regeneration

References:
  1. February 18, 2007 - Lab-grown replacement teeth fill the gap
  2. February 18, 2007 - Japanese scientists grow teeth from single cells - also here, here
  3. February 19, 2007 - Toothless mice can eat again
  4. February 20, 2007 - Fresh Teeth From the Lab
Background


Flavanol benefits

References:
  1. February 18, 2007 - Feeding your brain: new benefits found in chocolate - also here
  2. February 18, 2007 - Flavanols in cocoa may offer benefits to the brain
  3. February 18, 2007 - Some cocoa may improve brain blood flow - also here
  4. February 18, 2007 - Some sweet news: Chocolate could be good for your memory
  5. February 22, 2007 - Boosting Brain Power -- With Chocolate - also here
  6. March 7, 2007 - New study suggests special cocoa may lead to sustained improvement in blood vessel function
Background


Atherosclerosis

References:
  1. February 18, 2007 - The 'Shear Stress' Of It Impacts Heart Disease
Background


Cancer gene therapy

References:
  1. February 18, 2007 - Liver An Excellent Target For Cancer Gene Therapy Using Viral Vectors, Study Shows - also here, here
Background, Background


Biochips, microfluidics, and artificial cells

References:
  1. February 18, 2007 - Biochip Allows Genes To Express Themselves - also here
Background


Autism

References:
  1. February 18, 2007 - Largest Ever Autism Study Identifies Two Genetic Culprits
Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved