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Volume 6, Number 5
January 29, 2007

Physical sciences and technology

Nanotechnology
Lab-on-a-chip
Brain-machine interface
Nanodot arrays for data storage
Gravitational wave background
Tomography of protons
Global warming
Climate change report
Silicon-based optical modulator
Midsize black holes
Molecular memory chips
Fuel cells
Solar involvement in ice ages
Martian water
Extrasolar planets
Solar cells
Tests of string theory
Graphene
Axions

Life sciences

Pain-sensing channel
T cell genome
Autoimmune disease and regulatory T cells
Dopamine signaling in the brain
Axon growth in neurons
Fossil Ediacaran embryos
Viral DNA replication
Parthenogenesis
Stem cells and cancer
T cell activation
Spinal cord networks
Learned vs. innate fear
Cancer biology
Addiction and the insula
Perceptual conjunction
Genetic factors in behavior
FoxO genes
Inflammation and cancer
GABA and anxiety regulation
Homo floresiensis
Evolution of larval stages
Translational control of gene expression
Brain-imaging studies
G proteins and ion channels in neurons

Health and medicine

Nanobiotechnology
Adjusting to high-fat diet
AIDS
Diabetes
Avian flu
Cancer
Alzheimer's disease
Psychosocial factors and inflammation
Parkinson's disease
Reactivating P53 for cancer therapy
Prions
Stem cells
Immune system overreaction
Malaria
Weight loss and cardiovascular health
Yersinia pestis
Equivalence of dieting and exercise
Normal-weight obese syndrome
Vaccine adjuvants
Sunlight, T cells, and skin repair
Flavonoids


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. January 22, 2007 - Nano-wheels seen rolling at last
  2. January 22, 2007 - Spider Silk Inspires Strong And Stretchy Nanocomposite Fibers
  3. January 24, 2007 - Turning An Axel-Mounted Molecular Wheel - also here
  4. January 25, 2007 - New Nanotechnology Able To Examine Single Molecules, Aiding In Determining Gene Expression
  5. January 26, 2007 - Magnetic, Luminescent Nanoparticles Set New Standard - also here
Background


Lab-on-a-chip

References:
  1. January 22, 2007 - New Miniaturized Device For Lab-on-a-chip Separations
  2. January 25, 2007 - Device Can Rapidly Diagnose Infectious Diseases And Cancer
Background


Brain-machine interface

References:
  1. January 22, 2007 - New Ideas On Developing Thought-Controlled Artificial Limbs
Background


Nanodot arrays for data storage

References:
  1. January 22, 2007 - Improved Nanodots Could Be Key To Future Data Storage
Background


Gravitational wave background

References:
  1. January 22, 2007 - Gravitational Wave Background - also here
Background


Tomography of protons

References:
  1. January 22, 2007 - Tomography of Protons - also here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. January 22, 2007 - Glaciers May Vanish From Alps by 2050 - also here
  2. January 22, 2007 - Experts: Alps Glaciers Will Melt by 2050 - also here
Background


Climate change report

References:
  1. January 23, 2007 - Report Has 'Smoking Gun' on Climate - also here
  2. January 24, 2007 - UN panel strengthens climate warning
  3. January 25, 2007 - Warming to raise seas for 1,000 years: U.N. draft
  4. January 26, 2007 - Global warming to speed up
  5. January 28, 2007 - Climate change: UN scientists set to serve up bad news
  6. January 28, 2007 - Experts: Latest Climate Report Too Rosy - also here
  7. January 29, 2007 - Experts: New Climate Report Sugarcoated - also here
Background


Silicon-based optical modulator

References:
  1. January 23, 2007 - Computing at Light Speed
Background


Midsize black holes

References:
  1. January 24, 2007 - Speedy star may reveal middleweight black hole
Background


Molecular memory chips

References:
  1. January 24, 2007 - Futuristic High-Density Molecular Memory Chip Unveiled
  2. January 25, 2007 - Record breaking memory circuit
  3. January 25, 2007 - Researchers Go Molecular in Design of a Denser Chip
  4. January 28, 2007 - Blood-Cell-Sized Memory Made
Background, Background, Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. January 24, 2007 - New Design Could Open Door To Small-scale Fuel Cells
  2. January 26, 2007 - Fuel cell automatically throttles its power
  3. January 26, 2007 - A Boost For Hydrogen Fuel Cell Research - also here
Background


Solar involvement in ice ages

References:
  1. January 25, 2007 - Sun's fickle heart may leave us cold
Background


Martian water

References:
  1. January 25, 2007 - Hints of huge water reservoirs on Mars
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. January 25, 2007 - Corot Telescope Sees First Light In Search Of Stellar Secrets
Background


Solar cells

References:
  1. January 25, 2007 - Sharp Develops Mass-Production Technology for Triple-Junction Thin-Film Solar Cells
Background


Tests of string theory

References:
  1. January 25, 2007 - Theoretical Physicists Develop Test For String Theory
  2. February 1, 2007 - New particle accelerator could rule out string theory
  3. February 8, 2007 - String theory will finally get its day in scientific court
Background


Graphene

References:
  1. January 25, 2007 - Graphene resonator is one atom thick - also here
  2. February 2, 2007 - Thin But Tough: Graphene Sheets Could Have Many Uses - also here, here, here, here
Background


Axions

References:
  1. January 28, 2007 - Last-gasp test could reveal dark matter
Background



Pain-sensing channel

References:
  1. January 22, 2007 - Study reveals new activation mechanism for pain sensing channel
Background


T cell genome

References:
  1. January 22, 2007 - Defence cell genetics unscrambled
Background


Autoimmune disease and regulatory T cells

References:
  1. January 22, 2007 - Foxp3 targets revealed
  2. January 23, 2007 - Cracking Open The Black Box Of Autoimmune Disease
Background


Dopamine signaling in the brain

References:
  1. January 23, 2007 - New Dopamine Brain Target Discovered; Potential Breakthrough For Schizophrenia Treatment - also here
Background, Background


Axon growth in neurons

References:
  1. January 23, 2007 - Motor Protein Plays Key Role In Connecting Neurons - also here
Background


Fossil Ediacaran embryos

References:
  1. January 23, 2007 - Scientists Closer To Linking Embryos Of Earth's First Animals And Their Adult Form
Background


Viral DNA replication

References:
  1. January 23, 2007 - Common mechanisms for viral DNA replication
Background, Background


Parthenogenesis

References:
  1. January 24, 2007 - 5 Komodo Dragons Born at British Zoo - also here
  2. January 24, 2007 - Virgin Komodo dragon becomes mother and father
Background


Stem cells and cancer

References:
  1. January 24, 2007 - Lab Documents Development Of Cancer Stem Cells
Background, Background


T cell activation

References:
  1. January 24, 2007 - Chopping off protein puts immune cells into high gear
Background


Spinal cord networks

References:
  1. January 24, 2007 - Thinking With The Spinal Cord? - also here
Background


Learned vs. innate fear

References:
  1. January 24, 2007 - Be afraid, be very afraid, if you learned to - also here, here
Background


Cancer biology

References:
  1. January 24, 2007 - Independent studies show that maintaining tumors in mice requires continued absence of p53
  2. January 25, 2007 - Estrogen Interferes With Immune Surveillance In Breast Cancer
  3. January 26, 2007 - Study Reveals New Function Of Protein Kinase Pathway In Tumor Suppression
  4. January 28, 2007 - Disorderly Protein Brings Order To Cell Division - also here, here
Background


Addiction and the insula

References:
  1. January 25, 2007 - Some Brain-damaged Patients Quit Smoking With Ease
  2. January 25, 2007 - Brain damage can erase cigarette addiction
  3. January 25, 2007 - Stroke Damage May Help Smokers Kick the Habit
  4. January 25, 2007 - Brain Damage Sheds Light on Urge to Smoke
  5. January 25, 2007 - Spot in Brain May Control Smoking Urge - also here
  6. January 25, 2007 - Spot in brain may control smoking urge
  7. January 26, 2007 - Brain damage makes heavy smoker quit
  8. January 26, 2007 - How the urge to smoke can just vanish
  9. January 29, 2007 - Damage to specific part of the brain may make smokers "forget" to smoke
  10. February 6, 2007 - A Small Part of the Brain, and Its Profound Effects
Background


Perceptual conjunction

References:
  1. January 25, 2007 - The Time It Takes To Reassemble The World - also here
Background


Genetic factors in behavior

References:
  1. January 25, 2007 - Beyond Nature Vs. Nurture: Williams Syndrome Across Cultures - also here
Background


FoxO genes

References:
  1. January 25, 2007 - Gene Knockouts Reveal FoxOs' Vital Functions In Cancer Defense, Health Of Stem Cells
Background, Background


Inflammation and cancer

References:
  1. January 25, 2007 - Molecular Link Between Inflammation And Cancer Discovered
Background, Background


GABA and anxiety regulation

References:
  1. January 25, 2007 - Nervous mice lead researchers to regulator of anxiety
Background, Background


Homo floresiensis

References:
  1. January 25, 2007 - Hobbit cave digs set to restart
  2. January 30, 2007 - Flores island "Hobbit" is new species: Scientists
Background


Evolution of larval stages

References:
  1. January 26, 2007 - Looking for larvae in ancestral genes
Background


Translational control of gene expression

References:
  1. January 26, 2007 - Drug Strategy Makes Cancer Genes Get Lost In Translation - also here
Background, Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. January 26, 2007 - How Does Your Brain Respond When You Think About Gambling Or Taking Risks? Study Offers New Insights
Background


G proteins and ion channels in neurons

References:
  1. January 27, 2007 - Scientists Discover How Ion Channels Are Organized To Control Nerve Cell Communication - also here
Background



Nanobiotechnology

References:
  1. January 22, 2007 - Coated nanoparticles slip through mucus
  2. January 22, 2007 - Molecular Discovery Could Help Drugs Target Unhealthy Cells
  3. January 22, 2007 - Molecule Walks In A Straight Line And Carries A Tiny Shopping Bag In Each Hand
  4. January 22, 2007 - Nanoscale 'Egg' Kills Tumor Cells with Platinum
  5. January 24, 2007 - Large nanoparticles pass though mucus
Background


Adjusting to high-fat diet

References:
  1. January 22, 2007 - Exercise helps stoke fat-burning fires
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. January 22, 2007 - Selenium may help lower HIV levels
  2. January 23, 2007 - Crunch time for AIDS vaccine trials nears in 2008 - also here
  3. January 23, 2007 - Selenium Supplements May Contribute To Reduced HIV Viral Load - also here
  4. January 24, 2007 - Antiretroviral resistance testing in HIV infected patients improves health and saves costs
  5. January 26, 2007 - Common Parasitic Infection Leads To Increased Risk For HIV Infection - also here, here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. January 22, 2007 - Study Finds Differences Between Blood Pressure Medicines And Newly-diagnosed Diabetes
  2. January 23, 2007 - Cells Passed From Mother To Child May Be First Step In Developing New Treatments For Type 1 Diabetes
  3. January 23, 2007 - Research Offers Potential Route To Diabetes Therapeutics
  4. January 24, 2007 - Bile acid-binding resin treats diabetes, in mice
  5. January 24, 2007 - Molecule Could Lead To Diabetes And Obesity Pill
  6. January 27, 2007 - Appetite Hormone: Findings May Lead To Treatments That Stimulate Insulin Production - also here
  7. January 27, 2007 - New Diabetes Research: Half Of Americans Have Gene That Affects How Body Burns Sugar - also here
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. January 22, 2007 - Bird flu surges in 2006: WHO chief
  2. January 23, 2007 - Drug Resistance In An Influenza Pandemic
  3. January 24, 2007 - Deadly H5N1 may be brewing in cats
  4. January 26, 2007 - Rapid Response to Avian Flu Threat
  5. January 27, 2007 - Tests Confirm Bird Flu Outbreak in Japan
  6. January 28, 2007 - Azeri boy suspected of having bird flu dies
  7. January 28, 2007 - Japan confirms third bird flu outbreak
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. January 23, 2007 - Tomatoes and broccoli slow prostate tumors in rats
  2. January 23, 2007 - New Test Predicts Blood Cancer's Sensitivity To Experimental Cancer Drug
  3. January 24, 2007 - Fibre 'lowers breast cancer risk'
  4. January 25, 2007 - Men with breast cancer risk second cancer - also here
  5. January 25, 2007 - Scientists Discover Genetic Risk Factor For Smoking-linked Head And Neck Cancer - also here
  6. January 26, 2007 - Mom's "mono" virus ups risk of leukemia in child
  7. January 26, 2007 - Chemicals In Brown Algae May Protect Against Skin Cancer - also here
  8. January 26, 2007 - Potential Solution To Cetuximab-resistance In Lung Cancers Found In Novel EGFR Antibody - also here
  9. January 27, 2007 - Gum disease cancer link disputed
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. January 23, 2007 - Trouble identifying odors points to Alzheimer's
  2. January 23, 2007 - Study finds mental stimulation combats Alzheimer's
  3. January 23, 2007 - Transdermal Vaccine Effective In Treating Alzheimer's Disease In Mice
  4. January 23, 2007 - Alzheimer's vaccine 'in a patch'
  5. January 23, 2007 - Vaccine on a skin patch may stave off Alzheimer's
  6. January 23, 2007 - A Century Later, New Research Brings Initial Find Of Alois Alzheimer To Fore Once Again - also here
  7. January 24, 2007 - Learning Slows Physical Progression Of Alzheimer's Disease
  8. January 25, 2007 - Role of anesthetics in Alzheimer's disease: Molecular details revealed - also here
Background


Psychosocial factors and inflammation

References:
  1. January 23, 2007 - Psychosocial Factors Associated With Higher Levels Of Inflammatory Markers
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. January 24, 2007 - Psychic distress common with Parkinson's dementia
Background


Reactivating P53 for cancer therapy

References:
  1. January 24, 2007 - Scientists restore gene to shrink tumors in mice
  2. January 25, 2007 - Reactivated Gene Shrinks Tumors
  3. January 25, 2007 - Gene switch makes tumours shrink
  4. January 26, 2007 - Turning A Cellular Sentinel Into A Cancer Killer
Background


Prions

References:
  1. January 24, 2007 - Team Finds Crucial Protein Role In Deadly Prion Spread
  2. January 26, 2007 - Identifying Variation In The U.S. Bovine Prion Gene
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. January 24, 2007 - New Drug Therapy To Combat Graft-vs.-host Disease In Stem-cell Patients Shows Significant Reduction In Deaths
  2. January 25, 2007 - Adult stem cells can at least make blood
  3. January 25, 2007 - Stem cells cultured from human bone marrow behave like those derived from brain tissue
  4. January 28, 2007 - Beating Heart Muscle With Built-In Blood Supply Created From Stem Cells
Background


Immune system overreaction

References:
  1. January 25, 2007 - Researchers propose reason for severe side-effects of Northwick Park clinical trial - also here, here
  2. January 25, 2007 - Fresh light thrown on tragic drug trial
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. January 25, 2007 - Chinese shrub gives best cure for deadly malaria
Background


Weight loss and cardiovascular health

References:
  1. January 25, 2007 - Weight loss improves heart function in obese
Background, Background


Yersinia pestis

References:
  1. January 25, 2007 - Scientists find potential weakness in plague germ
  2. January 27, 2007 - Disabling Key Protein May Give Physicians Time To Treat Pneumonic Plague
Background, Background


Equivalence of dieting and exercise

References:
  1. January 26, 2007 - Diet, exercise take off equal pounds, study finds
  2. January 29, 2007 - Fewer Calories Or More Exercise: The Effect On Body Composition Is Identical
Background


Normal-weight obese syndrome

References:
  1. January 26, 2007 - "Normal-weight obese" syndrome may up heart risks
Background


Vaccine adjuvants

References:
  1. January 27, 2007 - Vaccines set to target immune panic button
Background


Flavonoids

References:
  1. January 27, 2007 - How Are You Fixed For Flavonoids?
Background


Sunlight, T cells, and skin repair

References:
  1. January 28, 2007 - How sunshine triggers skin repair
Background


Copyright © 2007 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved