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Volume 5, Number 51
December 18, 2006

Physical sciences and technology

Global warming
Video conferencing
Hydrogen storage
Earthquakes
Carbon nanotubes
Photonic crystals
Phase-change random-access memory
Underwater deposits of methane hydrates
Spintronics
Water on Mars
Solar cells
Very high-speed transistors
45nm semiconductor technology
Resistance random-access memory
Network data transfer speed record
Laser wakefield accelerators
Solar system formation
Global warming and hurricanes
Nanotechnology
Top quark
Detection of dark matter and dark energy
Seismographic research of Earth's crust
Grid computing
Virtual reality
Brain-computer interface
Entanglement between quantum dots
Large Hadron Collider

Life sciences

Cancer biology
Development of patterning
Archaea
Hybrid sterility
Brain-imaging studies
Mirror neurons
Short-term memory of faces
Creativity
Synaesthesia
Cellular underpinnings of regeneration
Nitric oxide and formation of neural connections
Innate immune systems
Parthenogenetic embryonic stem cells
Nitrogen-fixing extremophiles
Stem cell biology
MicroRNA regulation of oncogenes
Control of chromosome-spindle connection in mitosis

Health and medicine

Cancer
Stem cells and cancer
Tissue "printing"
Avian flu
Gene therapy
Alzheimer's disease
Alcohol and longevity
Cardiovascular disease
Malaria
Stem cells
Flu vaccines
Antiviral drugs for influenza
Campylobacter jejuni infection
Orexin and alcohol addiction
Nanofluidic system for cancer diagnosis
Tuberculosis
Neutrophil migration toward inflammation and infection
Diabetes
Psychoneuroimmunology


Global warming

References:
  1. December 11, 2006 - Climate experts search for answers in the oceans
  2. December 11, 2006 - Arctic clear for summer sailing by 2040
  3. December 12, 2006 - Arctic Ice Faces Accelerated Meltdown
  4. December 12, 2006 - Abrupt Ice Retreat Could Produce Ice-free Arctic Summers By 2040
  5. December 12, 2006 - Arctic sea ice 'faces rapid melt'
  6. December 12, 2006 - Scientists uncover new evidence of Arctic ice melt
  7. December 12, 2006 - NASA provides new perspectives on the earth's changing ice sheets - also here
  8. December 12, 2006 - Glaciers adding more to global sea rise than ice sheets - also here
  9. December 14, 2006 - 2006 was Earth's sixth warmest year on record
  10. December 14, 2006 - 2006 to be sixth-warmest year on record: U.N. agency
  11. December 14, 2006 - 2006 set to be sixth warmest on record: UN weather agency
  12. December 14, 2006 - 2006 sets British heat records
  13. December 14, 2006 - Oceans may rise over 4 1/2 feet by 2100 - also here
  14. December 14, 2006 - Global sea levels projected to rise faster than expected
  15. December 14, 2006 - Sea-level rise could be greater than IPCC predictions, warns physicist
  16. December 14, 2006 - Sea level rise 'under-estimated'
  17. December 15, 2006 - 2006: Drought, floods, and broken records
  18. December 15, 2006 - Overconfidence Leads To Bias In Climate Change Estimations - also here
  19. December 15, 2006 - Location is key for trees to fight global warming
  20. December 16, 2006 - Climate Change Melts Kilimanjaro's Snows - also here, here
  21. December 18, 2006 - 2006 Is Sixth Warmest Year On Record, Estimates Show
Background


Video conferencing

References:
  1. December 11, 2006 - Video technology allows casting in real time
Background


Hydrogen storage

References:
  1. December 11, 2006 - Ethylene Suggested For Hydrogen Storage - also here
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. December 11, 2006 - Scientists Offer New Model For Forecasting The Likelihood Of An Earthquake - also here
  2. December 14, 2006 - Discovery Sheds New Light On Cause Of Earthquakes - also here, here
  3. December 15, 2006 - US scientists unveil new earthquake tracking system
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. December 11, 2006 - Growing Gardens Of Identical Carbon Nanotubes
  2. December 12, 2006 - DNA-like ice 'seen' inside carbon nanotubes
  3. December 13, 2006 - Self-assembling Nano-ice Discovered -- Structure Resembles DNA
Background


Photonic crystals

References:
  1. December 11, 2006 - Artificial Butterfly: Wing Scales Provide Template For Complex Photonic Structures
Background


Phase-change random-access memory

References:
  1. December 11, 2006 - Promising New Memory Chip Technology Demonstrated by IBM, Macronix & Qimonda Joint Research Team - also here
  2. December 11, 2006 - Alloy Holds Out Promise of Speedier Memory Chip - also here
Background


Underwater deposits of methane hydrates

References:
  1. December 12, 2006 - Shallow fuels bring bad news
Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. December 12, 2006 - Mechanical Motion Used To 'Spin' Atoms In A Gas - also here
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. December 13, 2006 - Water, Water Everywhere on Mars
Background


Solar cells

References:
  1. December 13, 2006 - How Plastic Solar Cells Turn Sunlight Into Electricity - also here
Background


Very high-speed transistors

References:
  1. December 13, 2006 - World's Fastest Transistor Approaches Goal Of Terahertz Device - also here
  2. December 14, 2006 - Beyond Silicon: New Transistor Technology May Power Next Microelectronic Devices - also here
Background


45nm semiconductor technology

References:
  1. December 13, 2006 - AMD and IBM Detail Early Results Using Immersion and Ultra Low-K in 45nm Chips
Background


Resistance random-access memory

References:
  1. December 13, 2006 - Sharp Develops Basic Technology for RRAM, Next-Generation Nonvolatile Memory
Background


Network data transfer speed record

References:
  1. December 13, 2006 - Physicists Set New Record for Network Data Transfer - also here
Background


Laser wakefield accelerators

References:
  1. December 13, 2007 - Creating monoenergetic electron beams on a tabletop
Background


Solar system formation

References:
  1. December 14, 2006 - Comet Material Points to a Strange Birth
  2. December 14, 2006 - Comet grain confirms early solar system mixed it up
  3. December 14, 2006 - First Comet Dust On Earth Reveals Clues To Solar System
  4. December 14, 2006 - Comet born of our own Sun
  5. December 14, 2006 - 'Cosmic freezer' yields unique discovery
  6. December 14, 2006 - Space Probe Brought Real Stardust Back to Earth
  7. December 14, 2006 - Researchers Find Surprise in Makeup of a Comet
  8. December 14, 2006 - Compositions of Stardust Impact Tracks and Terminal Particles in Aerogel by Hard X-ray Microprobe at SSRL
  9. December 15, 2006 - Stardust Findings Override Some Commonly Held Astronomy Beliefs
  10. December 15, 2006 - Comet Dust: European Synchrotron Radiation Facility Helps Reveal Solar System's Origin
  11. December 15, 2006 - A Hot, Crazy Start to the Solar System
  12. December 15, 2006 - New analysis suggests planets were formed from a giant mix - also here
  13. December 15, 2006 - Comets hold life chemistry clues
  14. December 15, 2006 - Synchrotrons Help Reveal the Nature of Comets - also here, here
  15. December 16, 2006 - 'Cosmic Freezer' Yields Unique Discovery
  16. December 17, 2006 - Plucking Comet Dust From Stardust Collectors - also here, here
  17. December 17, 2006 - Comet Particles Tell New Story About Birth Of Solar System - also here
  18. December 18, 2006 - ESRF helps reveal the origin of the Solar System
  19. December 22, 2006 - Unlocking The Frozen Secrets Of Comet Wild 2 - also here
  20. December 24, 2006 - Research Laboratory Scientists Analyze Comet Wild 2 Samples
Background


Global warming and hurricanes

References:
  1. December 14, 2006 - Global warming link to hurricanes likely but unproven
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. December 14, 2006 - Nano-cables convert light into electricity
Background


Top quark

References:
  1. December 14, 2006 - Physicists Detect Subatomic 'Top Quark' -- Without Its Antimatter Partner - also here, here
  2. December 15, 2006 - World's Most Powerful Particle Collider Finds Evidence Of Rare Single Top Quark - also here
Background


Detection of dark matter and dark energy

References:
  1. December 14, 2006 - Giant Radio Telescope Imaging Could Make Dark Matter Visible - also here, here
Background, Background


Seismographic research of Earth's crust

References:
  1. December 14, 2006 - Researchers hope to use quakes to unlock secrets about Earth's crust
Background


Grid computing

References:
  1. December 14, 2006 - Physicist takes zeolite design into 21st Century using teragrid - also here, here
Background


Virtual reality

References:
  1. December 14, 2006 - A little virtual something for under the tree
Background


Brain-computer interface

References:
  1. December 15, 2006 - Researchers Demonstrate Direct Brain Control Of Humanoid Robot - also here
Background


Entanglement between quantum dots

References:
  1. December 15, 2006 - Researchers closer to mastering the 'spookiness' of quantum mechanics
Background, Background


Large Hadron Collider

References:
  1. December 16, 2006 - Particle accelerator to be ready in '07
  2. December 17, 2006 - Preparing For The Biggest Experiment On Earth
Background



Cancer biology

References:
  1. December 11, 2006 - Cancer Immunoresistance Linked To Loss Of Tumor Suppressor Gene - also here
  2. December 11, 2006 - Evolution And The Workaround: Do Aggressive Cancers Pile Up Extra Chromosomes As Genomic 'Backup' Systems? - also here
  3. December 11, 2006 - Family helps doctors trace pancreatic cancer gene
  4. December 12, 2006 - A Genetic Culprit for Pancreatic Cancer
  5. December 12, 2006 - First Familial Pancreatic Cancer Gene Identified
  6. December 12, 2006 - Inheritance Outside DNA: Screening For Colon Cancer By Analyzing Our Non-DNA Epigenetic Inheritance
  7. December 12, 2006 - Novel Regulatory Mechanism Identified For Key Tumor Suppressor P53
  8. December 13, 2006 - Mutant Mouse Provides Insights Into Breast Cancer - also here
  9. December 13, 2006 - Team discovers a gene that causes familial pancreatic cancer - also here
  10. December 15, 2006 - Boost for new cancer therapies - also here
  11. December 15, 2006 - Study Explains How NSAIDs Halt Cancer Growth
Background


Development of patterning

References:
  1. December 11, 2006 - Perfect Hair Is in the Genes
  2. December 12, 2006 - Why Hair Grows--or Doesn't--All in a Row
Background


Archaea

References:
  1. December 11, 2006 - From Hot Springs To Rice Farms, Scientists Reveal New Insights Into The Secret Lives Of Archaea
Background


Hybrid sterility

References:
  1. December 11, 2006 - Geneticists discover genes that make fruit fly hybrids sterile
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. December 12, 2006 - Don't Get Hysterical: New Research Proves Reality of Mental Block on Sensation
  2. December 12, 2006 - Hysteria Is All in Your Head
  3. December 12, 2006 - Brain Images Show Hysteria Not An Imaginary Disorder
  4. December 13, 2006 - Mandarin Language Is Music To The Brain - also here
  5. December 14, 2006 - Novel Brain Areas Associated With The Recognition Of Gender, Ethnicity And The Identity Of Faces
Background


Mirror neurons

References:
  1. December 13, 2006 - Laugh And The Whole World Laughs With You: Why The Brain Just Can't Help Itself
  2. December 13, 2006 - Study shows out laughter is contagious
  3. December 13, 2006 - Why the Giggles Make Us Smile
Background, Background


Short-term memory of faces

References:
  1. December 12, 2006 - Why We 'Never Forget A Face'
Background


Creativity

References:
  1. December 13, 2006 - Night owls are more creative
Background


Synaesthesia

References:
  1. December 13, 2006 - The Most Beautiful Painting You've Ever Heard
Background


Cellular underpinnings of regeneration

References:
  1. December 13, 2006 - Scientists Discover Early Key To Regeneration - also here, here, here
Background


Nitric oxide and formation of neural connections

References:
  1. December 13, 2006 - Gas On Your Mind: Snail's Brain Provides Insights Into Human Learning - also here
Background, Background


Innate immune systems

References:
  1. December 13, 2006 - Worms produce surprise insight into human fever
Background


Parthenogenetic embryonic stem cells

References:
  1. December 14, 2006 - Virgin Births Lead to Transplantable Stem Cells
  2. December 14, 2006 - Stem Cells Gotten From Unfertilized Eggs - also here
  3. December 15, 2006 - Virgin birth produces stem cells
  4. December 15, 2006 - Researchers Create Genetically Matched Embryonic Stem Cells For Transplantation
  5. December 15, 2006 - MHC-matched parthenogenetic embryonic stem cells created
Background, Background


Nitrogen-fixing extremophiles

References:
  1. December 14, 2006 - Deep sea yields record-breaking bug
  2. December 15, 2006 - Microbe Fixes Nitrogen At A Blistering 92 C, May Offer Clues To Evolution Of Nitrogen Fixation
Background


Stem cell biology

References:
  1. December 14, 2006 - Embryonic Stem Cells Do Better On Bumpy Nanoscale Mattress - also here
  2. December 15, 2006 - Stem Cells Get A Grip
Background


MicroRNA regulation of oncogenes

References:
  1. December 15, 2006 - Pair Of MicroRNA Molecules Controls Major Oncogene In Most Common Leukemia - also here, here
Background, Background


Control of chromosome-spindle connection in mitosis

References:
  1. December 17, 2006 - Two Central Mysteries In Genome Inheritance Solved - also here
Background



Cancer

References:
  1. December 11, 2006 - Sibling link to brain tumour risk revealed
  2. December 11, 2006 - Younger siblings up the odds of brain cancer
  3. December 11, 2006 - Report Calls For Improved Monoclonal Antibodies Against Solid Tumors
  4. December 11, 2006 - Individualizing Treatment For Multiple Myeloma Patients - also here
  5. December 11, 2006 - Drug Combination Proves Effective Against Myeloma In Phase I Trial
  6. December 11, 2006 - Researchers Discover Method In Mice To Restore Tamoxifen Sensitivity In Resistant Breast Cancer
  7. December 11, 2006 - Hour of daily exercise cuts bowel cancer risk
  8. December 11, 2006 - An hour a day of exercise cuts colon cancer risk
  9. December 11, 2006 - Studies at cancer conference show new therapies changing outlook for blood cancer patients
  10. December 11, 2006 - Cancer Center collaborating to find new tools to fight leukemia
  11. December 11, 2006 - Exercise can reduce a smoker's lung cancer risk
  12. December 11, 2006 - Two more reasons to exercise, studies find - also here, here, here
  13. December 11, 2006 - AVN944 inhibits IMPDH & induces apoptosis-related biomarkers in patients with hematologic cancers
  14. December 11, 2006 - Cancer aids demystify the treatment puzzle
  15. December 12, 2006 - For prostate cancer, action may beat waiting
  16. December 12, 2006 - Breast cancer may be sexually transmitted
  17. December 12, 2006 - Antibody Extends Life Of Mice With Breast Cancer - also here
  18. December 12, 2006 - New Biomarker Predicts Effectiveness Of Breast Cancer Drugs
  19. December 12, 2006 - New Year's Resolution No. 1: Prevent Cancer, Use Olive Oil - also here
  20. December 12, 2006 - Higher Physical Activity Associated With Reduced Risk Of Breast Cancer
  21. December 13, 2006 - Recreational workouts may ward off breast cancer
  22. December 13, 2006 - Low-protein diet might reduce cancer risk
  23. December 13, 2006 - Number Of Siblings Predicts Risk Of Brain Tumors
  24. December 13, 2006 - Drug Combination Slows Progression Of Treatment Resistant Bone Marrow Cancer - also here
  25. December 13, 2006 - Stool DNA Testing For Colon Cancer
  26. December 13, 2006 - A Fisheye View Of The Deadliest Breast Cancer - also here
  27. December 13, 2006 - Treating prostate cancer in elderly men associated with longer survival, compared to non-treatment
  28. December 13, 2006 - Older men treated for early prostate cancer live longer than those who are not - also here
  29. December 13, 2006 - Prostate-cancer study: Rethink watch, wait
  30. December 14, 2006 - Cancer drug helps early lung cancer patients
  31. December 14, 2006 - Drug That Chokes Off Tumor Blood Vessels Offers New Hope To Lung Cancer Patients - also here
  32. December 14, 2006 - International Trial Of Novel Breast Cancer Drug
  33. December 15, 2006 - Exercise may reduce smokers' lung cancer risk
  34. December 15, 2006 - Synthetic marijuana helps cancer patients
  35. December 15, 2006 - Drug Shows Promise As Therapy For Inflammatory Breast Cancer
  36. December 15, 2006 - Herceptin Plus Chemotherapy Significantly Increases Disease-free Survival In Breast Cancer - also here, here
  37. December 15, 2006 - Decline In Breast Cancer Cases Likely Linked To Reduced Use Of Hormone Replacement - also here, here
  38. December 15, 2006 - Breast Cancer Drop Tied to Hormones
  39. December 15, 2006 - Breast cancer drop linked to HRT
  40. December 15, 2006 - Breast cancer rates fall
  41. December 15, 2006 - 'Clumping' protein linked to return of ovarian cancer - also here, here
  42. December 16, 2006 - Lower-fat diet cuts breast cancer recurrence
  43. December 16, 2006 - Low-Fat Diets May Help Some Dodge Cancer - also here
  44. December 16, 2006 - Researchers Find Two Biomarkers With Potential To Predict Breast Cancer Spread - also here, here
  45. December 16, 2006 - Certain Types Of Cancer Becoming More Common, While Rates Of Others Decreasing - also here
  46. December 16, 2006 - Fitness 'cuts colon cancer risk'
  47. December 17, 2006 - Hormones Used in Breast Cancer Fight
  48. December 18, 2006 - Reduced Dietary Fat Intake May Decrease Breast Cancer Recurrence - also here
Background


Stem cells and cancer

References:
  1. December 11, 2006 - Another Boost For Stem Cell Research
  2. December 15, 2006 - Researchers Identify Genes That Allow Brain Cancer-causing Stem Cells To Resist Treatment - also here
Background, Background


Tissue "printing"

References:
  1. December 11, 2006 - Bio-ink printer makes stem cells differentiate
  2. December 11, 2006 - "Inkjet" printer helps organize stem cells
  3. December 11, 2006 - Engineers Make Muscle, Bone Cell Differentiation With Aid Of Ink-jet Printer - also here
Background, Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. December 11, 2006 - South Korea says third bird flu case confirmed
  2. December 14, 2006 - N. Korea May Have Anti-Bird Flu Vaccine - also here, here
  3. December 15, 2006 - Europe backs Glaxo's pandemic flu vaccine
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. December 11, 2006 - Gene therapy may relieve impotence
  2. December 12, 2006 - Pioneers in field of functional genomics work toward gene therapy for vision defects - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. December 12, 2006 - Scientists take key step toward Alzheimer's test
  2. December 12, 2006 - Protein 'Bar Code' In Spinal Fluid Could Lead To First Diagnostic Test For Alzheimer's Patients - also here
  3. December 12, 2006 - Possible Fingerprint of Alzheimer's Found - also here, here
  4. December 15, 2006 - Antioxidants Decrease Disease In Fruit Fly Model Of Alzheimer's Disease
Background


Alcohol and longevity

References:
  1. December 12, 2006 - Alcohol in moderation may extend life - also here, here,
  2. December 13, 2006 - Further Evidence That Alcohol, When Consumed In Moderation, Reduces Risk Of Death
  3. December 14, 2006 - Moderate Drinking May Help Older Women Live Longer - also here
Background, Background


Cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. December 12, 2006 - Height Loss In Older Men Associated With Increased Risk Of Heart Disease, Death
  2. December 12, 2006 - Folic acid won't cut heart, stroke risk, study says
  3. December 13, 2006 - Folic Acid Supplementation Does Not Appear To Reduce Risk Of Cardiovascular Diseases - also here
Background, Background


Malaria

References:
  1. December 12, 2006 - Genetic Map Offers New Tool For Malaria Research - also here
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. December 12, 2006 - Clinical study results using Aldagen's product to isolate cord blood stem cells presented at ASH
  2. December 12, 2006 - Stem cells found in adult hair follicles may provide alternative to embryonic stem cells - also here, here
  3. December 14, 2006 - Stem Cells Patch Holes in Brain without Prompting
  4. December 14, 2006 - Stem Cells Repair Damaged Brains in Mice
  5. December 14, 2006 - Neural Stem Cells Lend The Brain A Surprising Capacity For Self-repair - also here
  6. December 14, 2006 - Stem cell study reveals cells' capability in mouse brain tissue repair
Background


Flu vaccines

References:
  1. December 13, 2006 - Flu shot doesn't need perfect virus match
  2. December 14, 2006 - Flu Shot Effective Against Drifted Influenza, Nasal Spray Vaccine Less So
Background


Antiviral drugs for influenza

References:
  1. December 13, 2006 - Novel Peptide Targets Viral Cells And May Inhibit Influenza Virus Infection
Background


Campylobacter jejuni infection

References:
  1. December 13, 2006 - Leading Cause Of U.S. Food-borne Illness Makes Its Own Pathway Through Cells - also here, here
Background, Background


Orexin and alcohol addiction

References:
  1. December 13, 2006 - Research Offers Hope For Alcoholics
  2. December 25, 2006 - Brain chemical linked to alcohol desire
  3. December 25, 2006 - Chemical may stop alcohol craving
Background


Nanofluidic system for cancer diagnosis

References:
  1. December 14, 2006 - Spelling Out Cancer On The Nanoscale: Nano-fluidic System Reads Oncoprotein Levels From Tiny Samples
Background, Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. December 14, 2006 - Scientists Find Potential Weapon Against Tuberculosis Infection - also here
  2. December 15, 2006 - High levels of resistant TB in Russia, China
  3. December 16, 2006 - Drug resistant TB 'more severe'
  4. December 18, 2006 - Drug resistant TB cases higher than once estimated
Background


Neutrophil migration toward inflammation and infection

References:
  1. December 15, 2006 - Researchers discover internal compass of immune cell - also here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. December 15, 2006 - Breakthrough sheds light on cause of diabetes
  2. December 15, 2006 - Canadian scientists reverse diabetes in mice
  3. December 15, 2006 - Researchers reverse diabetes in mice - also here
  4. December 15, 2006 - Researchers Find Trigger for Type 1 Diabetes - also here
  5. December 15, 2006 - Breakthrough sheds light on cause of diabetes
  6. December 15, 2006 - Linchpin Discovered In Insulin Metabolism; Gene Might Contribute To Type II Diabetes
  7. December 17, 2006 - Sensory Nerve Discovery In Diabetes Opens Door To New Treatment Strategies
Background


Psychoneuroimmunology

References:
  1. December 16, 2006 - Positive mood guards against getting colds
Background


Copyright © 2006 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved