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Volume 5, Number 44
October 30, 2006

Physical sciences and technology

Σb baryons
Mass extinctions
Carbon nanotubes
Astrochemistry
Water on Mars
Earthquakes
Very early galaxies
Stellar sorting in a globular cluster
Ancient climate change
Brain-computer interfaces
Supercomputing
Historical variation in ocean salinity
Controlled fusion
Extrasolar planets
Unusual nova event
Supernovae
Radio telescope SETI
Robotics
Nanotechnology
Helium-3 abundance in the universe
Gamma rays produced near supermassive black holes
Formation of massive stars

Life sciences

Cancer
Harmful effects of picornavirus infection
Mouse models of human immune system
Diet and preservation of mental acuity
Eye color and mate preference
Avian flu
Diabetes
Memory T cells
Rapid learning and the dentate gyrus
Learning and neuron growth
NMDA receptors and memory
Subliminal perception
Bacterial magnetism
Evolution of cooperation in bacteria
Evolutionary connection between brain size and food supply
Sexual selection and fitness inheritance
Vertebrate colonization of land
Honeybee genome
Alcohol and heart attack risk
Stem cells
Hepatitis B
Structure of Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Possible fatal effects of Streptococcus pneumoniae infections
Cargo transport in neurons
Cellular transport proteins
Alzheimer's disease
Effects of alcohol on memory
Communication among killer T cells
Bacterial quorum sensing
Hox genes and limb architecture
Insect family tree
Evolution of flu virus
Eye and brain development gene
Tuberculosis
Trivirus-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes
Genetic code of breast and colon cancers
Control of chromosome distribution in mitosis
Autism
Social amoebae and the evolution of multicellular organisms
AIDS


Σb baryons

References:
  1. October 23, 2006 - Exotic Relatives Of Protons And Neutrons Discovered - also here
  2. October 24, 2006 - Undergraduate Helps Discover Beautiful Quark Combinations
  3. October 25, 2006 - New Baryons Discovered
  4. October 29, 2006 - New particles turn up in the US
  5. November 17, 2006 - Team discovers exotic relatives of protons and neutrons
  6. November 17, 2006 - More Letters in the Particle Alphabet
Background


Mass extinctions

References:
  1. October 23, 2006 - Mass extinctionís cause: 'Sick Earth'
  2. October 24, 2006 - Far More Than A Meteor Killed Dinos, Evidence Suggests - also here, here
  3. October 24, 2006 - Double whammy causes mass extinctions
  4. October 24, 2006 - New Theory For Mass Extinctions - also here
  5. October 30, 2006 - "Dinosaur Killer" Asteroid Only One Part of New Quadruple-Whammy Theory
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. October 23, 2006 - Modification Turns Ultra-Short Nanotubes into Molecule-Like Drug Capsules
Background


Astrochemistry

References:
  1. October 23, 2006 - Alcohol cloud found in space
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. October 24, 2006 - Martian Soils Point to Ancient Acid Ocean -- And a Dearth of Life
  2. October 24, 2006 - Mineral Discovery Explains Mars' Landscape - also here
  3. October 27, 2006 - Soil minerals point to planet-wide ocean on Mars
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. October 25, 2006 - Moon and rain could mean quakes
  2. October 28, 2006 - Earthquake Swarms Not Just Clustered Around Volcanoes, Geothermal Regions - also here
Background


Very early galaxies

References:
  1. October 25, 2006 - Astronomers Weigh Baby Galaxies, 200 Million Years Old
Background


Stellar sorting in a globular cluster

References:
  1. October 25, 2006 - Hubble Yields Direct Proof Of Stellar Sorting In A Globular Cluster - also here
Background


Ancient climate change

References:
  1. October 25, 2006 - Appalachians Triggered Ancient Ice Age
  2. October 26, 2006 - Appalachian Mountains, Carbon Dioxide Caused Long-ago Global Cooling
Background


Brain-computer interfaces

References:
  1. October 25, 2006 - Electronic chip, interacting with the brain, modifies pathways for controlling movement
Background


Supercomputing

References:
  1. October 25, 2006 - Twenty-two Projects Keep Supercomputer Super Busy
Background


Historical variation in ocean salinity

References:
  1. October 25, 2006 - Warming May Make Atlantic Less Salty
Background, Background


Controlled fusion

References:
  1. October 26, 2006 - Another Step Toward Fusion Energy: Nevada Terawatt Facility Makes Important Advance - also here
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. October 26, 2006 - Europe Goes Searching For Rocky Planets - also here
Background


Unusual nova event

References:
  1. October 26, 2006 - Latest views of the V838 Monocerotis light echo from Hubble - also here
  2. October 30, 2006 - Bizarre stellar outburst continues to baffle
Background


Supernovae

References:
  1. October 26, 2006 - Star Explosion is Suprisingly Neat & Tidy
  2. November 1, 2006 - Peeling Back a Supernova's Layers
  3. November 1, 2006 - NASA's Spitzer Peels Back Layers Of Star's Explosion - also here, here, here, here
Background


Radio telescope SETI

References:
  1. October 26, 2006 - Radio Telescopes May Aid Hunt for Alien Life
Background


Robotics

References:
  1. October 27, 2006 - Vision-body link tested in robot experiments
  2. October 27, 2006 - Good Information? It's Not All About The Brain - also here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. October 27, 2006 - Flash of UV light solidifies nano-surfaces
Background


Helium-3 abundance in the universe

References:
  1. October 27, 2006 - On the case of the "missing" helium
  2. October 27, 2006 - Big Bang Theory Saved - also here, here
  3. October 27, 2006 - Scientists crack open stellar evolution - also here
  4. October 31, 2006 - Scientists Crack Open Stellar Evolution
  5. November 6, 2006 - Missing Helium Mystery Solved: Big Stars Ate It
Background, Background


Gamma rays produced near supermassive black holes

References:
  1. October 28, 2006 - Discovery Of Gamma Rays From The Edge Of A Black Hole - also here, here
Background


Formation of massive stars

References:
  1. October 29, 2006 - Snake On A Galactic Plane!
Background



Cancer

References:
  1. October 23, 2006 - Study offers innovative profile of enzyme that aids tumor growth
  2. October 23, 2006 - Excess weight worsens ovarian cancer prognosis
  3. October 23, 2006 - Stay trim to cut cancer risk
  4. October 23, 2006 - Study suggests breast cancer different in blacks
  5. October 23, 2006 - Racial Disparity In Breast Cancer Outcome Linked To Aggressive Tumors
  6. October 24, 2006 - Study Identifies Women With Breast Cancer Most Likely To Benefit From Aromatase Inhibitor
  7. October 24, 2006 - Doctors use, study alternative cancer test
  8. October 25, 2006 - Killing Brain Tumors From Within: A 'Trojan Horse' Approach - also here, here
  9. October 26, 2006 - Scientists identify cancer-blocking protein
  10. October 26, 2006 - Genetic Variation Impacts Aspirin's Effectiveness In Preventing Colon Cancer - also here, here
  11. October 27, 2006 - Experimental drug might help treat bowel cancer
  12. October 27, 2006 - Pioneering Study Looks At P53's Role In Tumor-stroma Interactions - also here
  13. October 27, 2006 - New Cancer Drug Hope - also here, here
  14. October 27, 2006 - New study warns against linking ethnic identity to breast cancer genes
Background


Harmful effects of picornavirus infection

References:
  1. October 23, 2006 - Viral infections may contribute to memory loss
  2. October 23, 2006 - Virus may affect memory decades later - also here, here, here
  3. October 24, 2006 - Forgetful? Virus may be eating your brain
  4. October 24, 2006 - Central Nervous System Viral Infection Can Lead To Memory Deficits
Background


Mouse models of human immune system

References:
  1. October 23, 2006 - New lab mice pave way for novel studies of human infection
Background


Diet and preservation of mental acuity

References:
  1. October 23, 2006 - Vegetables slow memory loss in old age
  2. October 24, 2006 - Vegetables, Not Fruit, Help Fight Memory Problems In Old Age - also here
  3. October 24, 2006 - Vegetables may keep brains young, study finds
  4. October 26, 2006 - Curry may keep elderly minds sharp - also here
Background


Eye color and mate preference

References:
  1. October 23, 2006 - Blue Eyes -- A Clue To Paternity - also here
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. October 23, 2006 - Study Identifies North American Wild Bird Species That Could Transmit Bird Flu - also here
  2. October 23, 2006 - North American birds in avian flu study
  3. October 24, 2006 - World can't yet let down its guard on bird flu, U.N. says - also here
  4. October 26, 2006 - Russia fights bird flu, no human cases
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. October 23, 2006 - Diabetes Gene Carries Similar Risk To Obesity - also here
  2. October 25, 2006 - Hostility and stress predict insulin resistance
  3. October 27, 2006 - Obesity pill may treat diabetes
Background


Memory T cells

References:
  1. October 23, 2006 - Scientists Find A Key To Immune System's Ability To Remember - also here, here
Background


Rapid learning and the dentate gyrus

References:
  1. October 23, 2006 - Neuroscientists pinpoint brain site for rapid learning
Background


Learning and neuron growth

References:
  1. October 23, 2006 - Study in birds suggests method of learning affects how the brain adds neurons
Background


NMDA receptors and memory

References:
  1. October 23, 2006 - Researchers add to understanding of how brain cells communicate - also here
Background


Subliminal perception

References:
  1. October 23, 2006 - Subliminal Nude Pictures Focus Attention
  2. October 23, 2006 - Erotic Images Entice Even When Invisible
  3. October 25, 2006 - Erotic images prove useful in coaxing out unconscious brain activity - also here, here, here
Background


Bacterial magnetism

References:
  1. October 23, 2006 - Researchers reveal mystery of bacterial magnetism
Background


Evolution of cooperation in bacteria

References:
  1. October 24, 2006 - Diversity Promotes Cooperation Among Microbes
Background


Evolutionary connection between brain size and food supply

References:
  1. October 24, 2006 - Study Suggests Evolutionary Link Between Diet, Brain Size In Orangutans - also here
Background


Sexual selection and fitness inheritance

References:
  1. October 24, 2006 - Most Desirable Mates May Not Sire Prolific Offspring
  2. October 24, 2006 - High-fitness Males Produce Low-fitness Daughters, And High-fitness Mothers Produce Low-fitness Sons
  3. October 24, 2006 - Sexiest parents deliver average offspring
  4. October 24, 2006 - Sexual selection comes at a cost
  5. October 24, 2006 - Sexual conflict opposes sexual selection
Background


Vertebrate colonization of land

References:
  1. October 24, 2006 - Steep Oxygen Decline Halted First Land Colonization By Earth's Sea Creatures - also here
Background


Honeybee genome

References:
  1. October 24, 2006 - Honey Bee Genome Holds Clues To Social Behavior - also here, here
  2. October 25, 2006 - Honeybees have their genome sequenced
  3. October 25, 2006 - Social Honeybee Shares Genetic Secrets
  4. October 25, 2006 - Bees Buzz to New Heights
  5. October 25, 2006 - Professor Analyzes Nuclear Receptors In Bee Genome - also here
  6. October 25, 2006 - Bee fossil, DNA generate a buzz
  7. October 25, 2006 - The Honeybee's Genome Could Be Its Savior
  8. October 26, 2006 - Bee genome gets scientists buzzing
  9. October 26, 2006 - Secrets Revealed In Sequencing Of Honey Bee Genome
  10. October 26, 2006 - Scientists Identify 36 Genes, 100 Neuropeptides In Honey Bee Brains - also here
  11. October 26, 2006 - Honey Bee Genome: Social Insect Creates Buzz For Agricultural, Biomedical Research
  12. October 26, 2006 - Biological Clock Of Honey Bee More Similar To Humans Than To Insects
  13. October 27, 2006 - Out Of Africa: Scientists Uncover History Of Honey Bee - also here
  14. October 27, 2006 - Honey Bee Chemoreceptors Found For Smell And Taste - also here, here
  15. October 27, 2006 - Insights Into Honey Bee Sex Gene Could Bring Sweet Success In Breeding
  16. October 28, 2006 - Researcher Traces The Evolution Of Honey Bee Gender
  17. October 29, 2006 - Researchers Create Buzz Over Social Behavior Genetics - also here
  18. October 30, 2006 - Bee Genome Information Housed at University
  19. November 20, 2006 - Honeybee genome to enable genetic study of social behaviour
Background


Alcohol and heart attack risk

References:
  1. October 24, 2006 - Healthy men who drink moderately have reduced risk of heart attack
  2. October 24, 2006 - Further evidence that moderate drinking reduces men's heart attack risk - also here
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. October 24, 2006 - Stretching bone marrow stem cells pushes them towards becoming blood vessel - also here, here
  2. October 25, 2006 - Human virus makes fat stem cells fatter
  3. October 25, 2006 - Older embryos can survive stem-cell extraction
  4. October 27, 2006 - Fat Stem Cells Being Studied As Option For Breast Reconstruction - also here
Background


Hepatitis B

References:
  1. October 25, 2006 - Novartis drug for chronic hepatitis B gets FDA nod
Background


Structure of Mycoplasma pneumoniae

References:
  1. October 25, 2006 - Scientists Unravel 'Molecular Inch-worm' Structure Of Walking-pneumonia Bacterium - also here
Background


Possible fatal effects of Streptococcus pneumoniae infections

References:
  1. October 25, 2006 - Cell wall of pneumonia bacteria can cause brain and heart damage
Background


Cargo transport in neurons

References:
  1. October 25, 2006 - Researchers Find 'Zip Code' Spurs Cargo Transport In Neurons
Background, Background


Cellular transport proteins

References:
  1. October 25, 2006 - Why Biological Loads Do Not Get Caught Up When Being Transported Through Cells - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. October 25, 2006 - Naturally Occurring Enzyme Can Break Down Key Part Of Alzheimer's Plaques - also here, here
  2. October 28, 2006 - Brain Research Supports Drug Development From Jellyfish Protein
  3. October 29, 2006 - Scientists Develop New Treatments For Alzheimer's Disease - also here, here
Background


Effects of alcohol on memory

References:
  1. October 25, 2006 - Heavy, chronic drinking can cause significant hippocampal tissue loss
  2. October 26, 2006 - Moderate Drinking May Boost Memory
Background


Communication among killer T cells

References:
  1. October 26, 2006 - Immune Cell Communication Key To Hunting Viruses - also here, here
Background


Bacterial quorum sensing

References:
  1. October 26, 2006 - Chemists Decode Bacterial 'Conversations' In Effort To Block Deadly Infections
Background


Hox genes and limb architecture

References:
  1. October 26, 2006 - Discovery Of A Molecular Mechanism Underlying Limb Architecture - also here
Background


Insect family tree

References:
  1. October 26, 2006 - New Genetic Analysis Forces Re-draw Of Insect Family Tree - also here
Background


Evolution of flu virus

References:
  1. October 27, 2006 - New Study Has Important Implications For Flu Surveillance - also here
Background


Eye and brain development gene

References:
  1. October 27, 2006 - Key Gene Controlling Eye Lens Development Identified
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. October 27, 2006 - Extensively Drug-resistant Tuberculosis Is Emerging Threat
Background


Trivirus-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes

References:
  1. October 27, 2006 - Three-in-one virus killer prevents common, often fatal infections
Background


Genetic code of breast and colon cancers

References:
  1. October 28, 2006 - Experts crack cancer 'gene codes'
Background


Control of chromosome distribution in mitosis

References:
  1. October 28, 2006 - How Daughter Cells Get Their Share Of Genetic Material
Background


Autism

References:
  1. October 28, 2006 - Gene flaw increases autism risk
Background


Social amoebae and the evolution of multicellular organisms

References:
  1. October 29, 2006 - Social Amoebas' Family Tree Reveals Evolutionary Clues - also here
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. October 29, 2006 - New Strategy For AIDS Vaccination: HIV Exploits Competition Among T-cells
Background


Copyright © 2006 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved