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Volume 5, Number 43
October 23, 2006

Physical sciences and technology

Space elevator
Global warming
Carbon nanotubes
Star formation in colliding galaxies
DNA computing
Water on Mars
Sub-40 nm immersion lithography
Quantum computing
Superconductivity in nanowires
Microfluidics
Extrasolar planets
Galactic structure of M31
Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer
Gravitational waves
Metamaterials
Earthquakes
Silicon retina
Controlled fusion

Life sciences

Alzheimer's disease
Cancer
Stem cells
Diabetes
AIDS
Brain-imaging studies
Gene therapy
Gene therapy for Parkinson's disease
Cognitive control in the prefrontal cortex
Bilingualism
Health benefits of eating fish
Prions
Nanotech vaccine delivery
Vaccine for 1918 pandemic flu
Infection by filoviruses
Avian flu
Malaria
Antibiotics
Immune system response to massive trauma
Role of mast cells in allergy and asthma
Sleep deprivation and memory
Sensory experience and early brain development
New appetite-control pill
Stem cells and cancer
Parkinson's disease
Precursor of land animals
Origins of photosynthesis
Methanogens
Extremophiles
Inadequate sleep and metabolic problems
Ghrelin
Intra-cellular traffic
Dopamine
Early evolution of fungi
Spread of varicella-zoster virus
Cilia and asymmetry in embryonic development
Molecular basis of hearing
Non-random arrangement of parts of cell nuclei
Gene associated with memory performance
Brain changes in learning of sensory discrimination
Activity-dependent neuronal growth
Anti-oxidant system in the brain
Flavonoids and memory
Cell membrane fusion
Leptin, obesity, and diabetes
DNA repair
Mathematical model of bacterial spread in the body
Tuberculosis
Autism
Stem cells and Parkinson's disease


Space elevator

References:
  1. October 16, 2006 - Space elevators to heave themselves skyward
  2. October 19, 2006 - Race to space in New Mexico
  3. October 19, 2006 - Space Elevator Team Unveils Latest Prototype For NASA Competition
  4. October 19, 2006 - Space Elevator Visions Going Up
  5. October 22, 2006 - Tensions rise at space elevator challenge
  6. October 23, 2006 - Space elevator stuck at ground level
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. October 16, 2006 - Antarctic ice collapse tied to greenhouse gases - also here, here
  2. October 16, 2006 - First Direct Evidence That Human Activity Is Linked To Antarctic Ice Shelf Collapse - also here
  3. October 18, 2006 - Warm winds of change hit the Antarctic
  4. October 18, 2006 - Himalayan glaciers 'safe for centuries'
  5. October 19, 2006 - Gravity Measurements Confirm Greenland's Glaciers Precipitous Meltdown
  6. October 19, 2006 - Greenland ice sheet on a downward slide - also here
  7. October 20, 2006 - Gravity satellites see ice loss
  8. October 20, 2006 - Expect A Warmer, Wetter World This Century, Computer Models Agree - also here
  9. October 20, 2006 - Future Weather Forecast Is a Study in Extremes
  10. October 20, 2006 - Global Warming Study Predicts Wild Ride - also here
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. October 16, 2006 - Researchers Develop Bistable Nanoswitch - also here
Background


Star formation in colliding galaxies

References:
  1. October 17, 2006 - Colliding galaxies reveal ephemeral stars
  2. October 17, 2006 - New image gives insight into colliding galaxies - also here, here
  3. October 18, 2006 - New images may give clues on universe's origins
  4. October 18, 2006 - Colliding Galaxies Make Love, Not War - also here
Background


DNA computing

References:
  1. October 17, 2006 - 'DNA computer' is unbeatable at tic-tac-toe
  2. October 17, 2006 - DNA Computing Targets West Nile Virus, Other Deadly Diseases - also here
  3. October 18, 2006 - DNA Computer Plays Complete Game of Tic-Tac-Toe
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. October 17, 2006 - NASA studies Mars water in hope of mission
  2. October 17, 2006 - Mars Express And The Story Of Water On Mars
  3. October 18, 2006 - Was There Water on Mars Long Enough for the Origination of Life?
Background


Sub-40 nm immersion lithography

References:
  1. October 17, 2006 - International Symposium Identifies Top Issues for sub-40 nm Immersion Litho
  2. October 18, 2006 - IMEC demonstrates feasibility of double patterning immersion litho for 32nm node
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. October 18, 2006 - Quantum Computing Gets Boost From 'Entanglement' Of Atom Pairs - also here
Background


Superconductivity in nanowires

References:
  1. October 18, 2006 - New Theory Explains Enhanced Superconductivity In Nanowires - also here
Background


Microfluidics

References:
  1. October 18, 2006 - Portable 'lab on a chip' could speed blood tests
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. October 18, 2006 - Planet-Finding by Numbers
  2. October 19, 2006 - The star, the dwarf and the planet
Background


Galactic structure of M31

References:
  1. October 18, 2006 - When Galaxies Collide
  2. October 18, 2006 - Collision Created Rings Around Andromeda
  3. October 19, 2006 - Searching the cosmic dust for Andromeda's mystery
Background


Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer

References:
  1. October 19, 2006 - NASA approves construction of satellite to scan galaxies
Background


Gravitational waves

References:
  1. October 19, 2006 - Scientists aim to unlock gravitational wave mysteries
Background


Metamaterials

References:
  1. October 19, 2006 - Invisibility cloak unveiled in the US
  2. October 20, 2006 - Cloaking device works, sort of
  3. October 21, 2006 - Physicists unveil first invisibility cloak
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. October 20, 2006 - Rain makes the ground shake
Background


Silicon retina

References:
  1. October 20, 2006 - Silicon retina mimics biology for a clearer view
Background


Controlled fusion

References:
  1. October 20, 2006 - Clean fusion energy: HiPER is on the roadmap
Background



Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. October 16, 2006 - Stress boosts Alzheimer's proteins in the brain
  2. October 18, 2006 - Hope for cannabis-based drug for Alzheimer's
  3. October 18, 2006 - Marijuana-like compound may fight Alzheimer's - also here, here
  4. October 18, 2006 - Marijuana May Slow Progression Of Alzheimer's Disease - also here
  5. October 20, 2006 - Plant the Focus of Alzheimer's Study - also here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. October 16, 2006 - Vitamin D may help slow breast cancer
  2. October 16, 2006 - Listening To The Sound Of Skin Cancer: New Technique Detects Signature Of Metastasizing Melanoma - also here
  3. October 17, 2006 - Doctors may be able to hear cancer's spread
  4. October 17, 2006 - Researchers Studying Novel Therapy For Prostate Cancer - also here
  5. October 17, 2006 - New Study Gives Further Hope That Vitamin D Can Fight Breast Cancer - also here, here
  6. October 18, 2006 - H. pylori confers opposing risks for stomach cancer
  7. October 18, 2006 - Bacteria Increase Risk Of Lower Stomach Cancer, Decreases Risk Of Upper - also here
  8. October 18, 2006 - Shh! Can you hear cancer?
  9. October 18, 2006 - Grape seed extract halts cell cycle, checking growth of colorectal tumors in mice - also here
  10. October 18, 2006 - Splashing out against tumours
  11. October 18, 2006 - FDA OKs Drug for Head, Neck Cancer - also here
  12. October 19, 2006 - Temperament Linked To Onset Of Cancer And Early Death In Female Rats - also here, here
  13. October 19, 2006 - Scientists Say Cancer-killing Virus Developed
  14. October 20, 2006 - Blocking an enzyme curbs colon cancer, in mice
  15. October 20, 2006 - High bread consumption tied to kidney cancer - also here
  16. October 20, 2006 - High Bread Consumption Linked To Higher Risk Of Most Common Kidney Cancer
  17. October 20, 2006 - Targeted Tumor Therapy: When Antagonists Do The Better Job - also here, here
  18. October 22, 2006 - Gene profiling boosts tailored chemotherapy
  19. October 22, 2006 - Test helps guide cancer treatment, U.S. study shows
  20. October 23, 2006 - New Genomic Tests Guide Choice Of Chemotherapy In Cancer Patients - also here
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. October 16, 2006 - Stem cells delay paralyzing disease
  2. October 16, 2006 - Stems cells 'slow nerve disease'
  3. October 18, 2006 - Unexpected findings about development of nervous system
  4. October 20, 2006 - Retracing Stem Cell Development Leads to Insulin-Producing Cells
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. October 16, 2006 - Doctors set to use new diabetes drugs
  2. October 17, 2006 - Heart disease a threat to older diabetics
  3. October 17, 2006 - Two-fold Higher Mortality From Cardiovascular Disease In Older People With Diabetes - also here
  4. October 17, 2006 - FDA approves new diabetes treatment
  5. October 18, 2006 - Widely prescribed diabetes drug falls short of promise, says new review
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. October 16, 2006 - HIV Gets Makeover: Tweaking AIDS Virus Could Alter Course Of Research
  2. October 17, 2006 - HIV exploits competition among T-cells
  3. October 18, 2006 - Researchers identify cell line that is resistant to retroviruses, including HIV
  4. October 20, 2006 - Bristol wins U.S. approval for single anti-HIV pill
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. October 17, 2006 - Altered Perception Of Reward In Human Cocaine Addiction - also here
  2. October 17, 2006 - Brain changes in patients with migraine
  3. October 20, 2006 - Science Finally Tackles Hypnosis
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. October 17, 2006 - Development Of New Polymer Delivery Vehicles For Gene Therapy
Background


Gene therapy for Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. October 17, 2006 - Gene therapy reduces Parkinson's symptoms
  2. October 18, 2006 - Gene therapy raises hope for Parkinson's sufferers
Background, Background


Cognitive control in the prefrontal cortex

References:
  1. October 17, 2006 - Brain Relies on Stepwise Activation to Make Difficult Decisions
Background


Bilingualism

References:
  1. October 17, 2006 - Researchers find a neural signature of bilingualism - also here
Background


Health benefits of eating fish

References:
  1. October 17, 2006 - Medical studies recommend moderate consumption of seafood
  2. October 18, 2006 - Benefits Of Eating Fish Greatly Outweigh The Risks, New Study Says - also here
  3. October 18, 2006 - One Study Calls Fish a Lifesaver, Another Is More Cautious
  4. October 18, 2006 - Fish benefits outweigh risks, conclude two studies
  5. October 18, 2006 - Go ahead, have fish
  6. October 18, 2006 - Studies tout fish benefit
  7. October 18, 2006 - New Studies Give Fish a Clean Bill of Health, Though Questions Remain
  8. October 24, 2006 - Some Very Fishy Diet Advice
Background


Prions

References:
  1. October 17, 2006 - Two vaccines show promise against prion disease
Background


Nanotech vaccine delivery

References:
  1. October 17, 2006 - Creating Nanodevices for Delivery of Vaccines - also here
Background, Background


Vaccine for 1918 pandemic flu

References:
  1. October 17, 2006 - Vaccine protects mice against deadly 1918 virus
  2. October 17, 2006 - Vaccine protects mice from 1918 flu virus
  3. October 17, 2006 - Scientists develop vaccine against 'Spanish flu' virus
  4. October 18, 2006 - Experimental vaccine protects mice against deadly 1918 flu virus - also here
Background


Infection by filoviruses

References:
  1. October 17, 2006 - Researchers discover key mechanism by which lethal viruses Ebola and Marburg cause disease - also here, here
Background, Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. October 17, 2006 - Bird flu vaccine might work better with primer
  2. October 18, 2006 - Tamiflu could boost drug-resistant flu in wild birds
  3. October 18, 2006 - Bird Flu Vaccine May Hit Many Strains - also here
Background


Malaria

References:
  1. October 18, 2006 - Experimental malaria vaccine shows huge promise
  2. October 18, 2006 - Vaccine Against Early Stage Malaria Shows Real Potential, Review Finds
  3. October 18, 2006 - New Microscope Reveals Deadly Secret Life Of Malaria Parasites Inside Human Cells
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. October 18, 2006 - Fighting disease using lessons in grammar
  2. October 18, 2006 - Grammatical rules spell out new drugs
Background


Immune system response to massive trauma

References:
  1. October 18, 2006 - Study reveals why organs fail following massive trauma
Background


Role of mast cells in allergy and asthma

References:
  1. October 18, 2006 - Potential New Therapeutic Target for Asthma, Allergies and Cancer - also here, here
Background


Sleep deprivation and memory

References:
  1. October 18, 2006 - Asleep at the Memory Wheel
Background, Background


Sensory experience and early brain development

References:
  1. October 18, 2006 - Researchers Make Breakthrough in Understanding Early Brain Development
Background


New appetite-control pill

References:
  1. October 18, 2006 - Latest Weight-loss Pill Offers Modest Results, Blocks 'Munchies'
Background


Stem cells and cancer

References:
  1. October 18, 2006 - Cancer Stem Cells Linked To Radiation Resistance - also here, here
Background, Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. October 18, 2006 - Synchronous Neuronal Firing May Underlie Parkinson's Disease - also here
  2. October 19, 2006 - Insight Into Dopamine Role Suggests New Treatment Pathway For Parkinson's - also here, here
  3. October 19, 2006 - 'Ecstasy' Linked To Survival Of Key Movement-related Cells In Brain - also here
  4. October 27, 2006 - Ecstasy as a brain booster for Parkinson's?
Background


Precursor of land animals

References:
  1. October 18, 2006 - Primitive fish found surprisingly advanced
  2. October 19, 2006 - West Australian Fossil Find Rewrites Land Mammal Evolution
  3. October 19, 2006 - Ancient fish was advanced for its age
  4. October 19, 2006 - Fossil Fish Fills Evolutionary Gap
Background


Origins of photosynthesis

References:
  1. October 18, 2006 - Learning To Live With Oxygen On Early Earth - also here
Background


Methanogens

References:
  1. October 18, 2006 - Seabed microbes munch methane, curb warming
  2. October 20, 2006 - Methane Devourer Discovered In The Arctic
Background


Extremophiles

References:
  1. October 19, 2006 - Gold mine holds life untouched by the Sun
  2. October 19, 2006 - Bacteria Use Radioactive Uranium To Convert Water Molecules To Useable Energy
  3. October 20, 2006 - Life Thrives Deep Below Sunlit Surface
  4. October 23, 2006 - Two miles underground, strange bacteria are found thriving
  5. December 11, 2006 - A new kind of life
Background


Inadequate sleep and metabolic problems

References:
  1. October 19, 2006 - Obesity may be linked to sleeping times - also here, here
  2. October 19, 2006 - Shorter Nightly Sleep In Childhood May Help Explain Obesity Epidemic - also here
  3. October 19, 2006 - Fat kids linked to lack of sleep
  4. October 19, 2006 - Sleep loss in child-obesity link
Background, Background


Ghrelin

References:
  1. October 19, 2006 - Why does eating feel so good? It's all in the head
  2. October 19, 2006 - Molecular Makings of the Munchies
  3. October 19, 2006 - The Neurobiology Behind Why Eating Feels So Good
Background


Intra-cellular traffic

References:
  1. October 19, 2006 - Molecular Mechanism Provides Intra-cellular Traffic Signal - also here
Background


Dopamine

References:
  1. October 19, 2006 - Discovery Of Post-stimulus Activated Release Implies New Mechanisms For Dopamine Release - also here
  2. October 19, 2006 - Study shows brain's 'pleasure chemical' is involved in response to pain too
Background


Early evolution of fungi

References:
  1. October 19, 2006 - Earliest Fungi May Have Found Multiple Solutions To Propagation On Land - also here
  2. October 23, 2006 - Discovery About Evolution Of Fungi Has Implications For Humans - also here
Background


Spread of varicella-zoster virus

References:
  1. October 19, 2006 - Scientists Identify Human Protein That Helps Chickenpox And Shingles Virus Spread - also here
Background, Background


Cilia and asymmetry in embryonic development

References:
  1. October 20, 2006 - In Early Embryos, Cilia Get The Message Across - also here
Background


Molecular basis of hearing

References:
  1. October 20, 2006 - Critical Hearing Gene Helps Send Auditory Messages To Brain
Background


Non-random arrangement of parts of cell nuclei

References:
  1. October 20, 2006 - Scientists Prove That Parts Of Cell Nuclei Are Not Arranged At Random - also here
Background


Gene associated with memory performance

References:
  1. October 20, 2006 - Research Team Identifies Human 'Memory Gene' - also here, here
  2. October 20, 2006 - Scientists identify memory gene
Background


Brain changes in learning of sensory discrimination

References:
  1. October 20, 2006 - Making The Connection Between A Sound And A Reward Changes Brain And Behavior - also here, here
Background


Activity-dependent neuronal growth

References:
  1. October 20, 2006 - Insights into activity-dependent neuronal growth - also here, here
Background


Anti-oxidant system in the brain

References:
  1. October 20, 2006 - Scientists Identify Switch For Brain's Natural Anti-oxidant Defense - also here
Background


Flavonoids and memory

References:
  1. October 20, 2006 - Natural Chemical Found In Strawberries Boosts Memory In Healthy Mice - also here, here
Background, Background


Cell membrane fusion

References:
  1. October 20, 2006 - Membrane Fusion In The Fast Lane - also here, here
Background


Leptin, obesity, and diabetes

References:
  1. October 20, 2006 - Researchers Find Food-free Route To Obesity - also here
Background, Background


DNA repair

References:
  1. October 20, 2006 - Genetic Repair Mechanism Clears The Way For Sealing DNA Breaks
  2. October 23, 2006 - New study shows how genetic repair mechanism helps seal DNA breaks
Background


Mathematical model of bacterial spread in the body

References:
  1. October 20, 2006 - Researchers Map Spread Of Pathogens In The Human Body - also here
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. October 20, 2006 - Immune System Discovery Could Aid Fight Against Tuberculosis - also here
  2. October 21, 2006 - Immune alarm 'will help fight TB'
Background


Autism

References:
  1. October 21, 2006 - Autism's DNA trail: gene variant tied to developmental disorder
Background


Stem cells and Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. October 22, 2006 - Stem cells might cause brain tumors, study finds
  2. October 22, 2006 - Stem-cell treatment for Parkinson's brings mixed results
  3. October 23, 2006 - A Bumpy Road for Stem Cells
Background, Background


Copyright © 2006 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved