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Volume 5, Number 39
September 25, 2006

Physical sciences and technology

Silicon-based laser chip
Artificial intelligence
Teleportation
Carbon nanotubes
Supernova RCW 86
History of the Milky Way
Planetary system with brown dwarf
Solar cells
Macroscopic quantum behavior
Microreactors for hydrogen production
Global warming
Type 1a supernovae
Microelectromechanical systems
Computer modeling of hypervelocity stars
Robotic 3D vision system
Electron spin in semiconductors
Superconductivity

Life sciences

Cancer
Metastasis
Stem cells
Auditory mirror neurons
Malaria
Antibiotics
Plague bacterium disease mechanism
Alzheimer's disease
Compaction of chromatin
Sex-specific genetic differences
Bioinformatics
Evolution of altruism in algae
AIDS
Prions
Diabetes
Juvenile Australopithecus afarensis
Cholesterol, inflammation, and heart failure
Exercise and hypertension
Music lessons and memory improvement in children
Brain-imaging studies
Protein folding
Regulation of excess proteins by fat
Knots in proteins
Cricket evolution
Soy protein and cholesterol
Why fruit flies sleep
Structural fluctuations and enzyme catalysis
Evolution of carbohydrate metabolism
Leptin, gene therapy, and diabetes
Stem cells from embryos in arrested development
Inhibitors of telomerase gene
DNA repair
Neurochemistry
Structure of aquaporins
Tuberculosis
Sleep and learning
Hardwiring of fruit fly visual system
Immune system evolution
Genetics of aggression


Silicon-based laser chip

References:
  1. September 18, 2006 - Hybrid Silicon Laser
  2. September 18, 2006 - Laser-making chip promises data transfer boost
  3. September 18, 2006 - World's First Hybrid Silicon Laser: Chip That Emits And Guides Light Could Drive Silicon Photonics
  4. September 18, 2006 - Laser on a Chip
  5. September 18, 2006 - A Chip That Can Transfer Data Using Laser Light
  6. September 21, 2006 - Breakthrough In Computer Chip Design Eliminates Wires In Data Transmission - also here
Background


Artificial intelligence

References:
  1. September 18, 2006 - New Search Engine Can be Used for Creative Discovery
Background


Teleportation

References:
  1. September 18, 2006 - Scientists 'teleport' two photons
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. September 18, 2006 - Project uses nanotubes to sniff out heavy metals
  2. September 19, 2006 - Materials Scientists Tame Tricky Carbon Nanotubes - also here
Background


Supernova RCW 86

References:
  1. September 18, 2006 - New Evidence Links Stellar Remains To Oldest-recorded Supernova - also here, here
  2. September 26, 2006 - Astronomers Find Supernova First Spotted 2,000 Years Ago
Background


History of the Milky Way

References:
  1. September 18, 2006 - Milky Way's Formation Theory Questioned
  2. September 20, 2006 - A 'Genetic Study' Of The Galaxy
Background, Background


Planetary system with brown dwarf

References:
  1. September 18, 2006 - Unique Small Brown Dwarf Star Discovered
  2. September 19, 2006 - Scientists Snap First Images Of Brown Dwarf In Planetary System - also here
  3. September 19, 2006 - Distorted Solar System Discovered
Background


Solar cells

References:
  1. September 19, 2006 - Researchers Developing More Powerful Solar Cells - also here
  2. September 20, 2006 - Ultrathin, Dye-sensitized Solar Cells Called Most Efficient To Date
  3. September 21, 2006 - Organic Semiconductors Make Cheap, Flexible Photovoltaics And LEDs
Background


Macroscopic quantum behavior

References:
  1. September 19, 2006 - Quantum Behavior In A Classical World
Background


Microreactors for hydrogen production

References:
  1. September 19, 2006 - Ceramic microreactors developed for on-site hydrogen production - also here, here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. September 19, 2006 - England's warming 'not natural'
  2. September 20, 2006 - Meltdown: Ice Cracks at North Pole
  3. September 20, 2006 - Greenland ice sheet melting faster: study
  4. September 21, 2006 - Greenland ice sheet still losing mass
  5. September 21, 2006 - As global temperatures rise, released carbon from dying rain forests may add fuel to climate change
  6. September 22, 2006 - Siberian 'Hotspot' Warning: Global Warming Experts Consider Accelerated Greenhouse Effect
  7. September 22, 2006 - New Research Detects Human-induced Climate Change At A Regional Scale - also here
Background


Type 1a supernovae

References:
  1. September 20, 2006 - Supernova leads to questions about death of stars
  2. September 20, 2006 - Supernova Smashes Speculations
  3. September 20, 2006 - Strange Supernova Defies Theory
  4. September 20, 2006 - Super supernova breaks the rules
  5. September 21, 2006 - Impossible supernova confounds astronomers
  6. September 21, 2006 - The Weirdest Type Ia Supernova Yet - also here
  7. September 21, 2006 - Astronomy's "Impossible" Supernova?
Background


Microelectromechanical systems

References:
  1. September 20, 2006 - Engine On A Chip Promises To Best The Battery - also here
  2. October 11, 2006 - Tiny engine fits on a chip
Background


Computer modeling of hypervelocity stars

References:
  1. September 21, 2006 - Ultrafast star escapes black hole - also here, here
Background


Robotic 3D vision system

References:
  1. September 21, 2006 - Virtual bees help robots see in 3D
Background


Electron spin in semiconductors

References:
  1. September 22, 2006 - Electron Spin Plays New Semiconductor Tricks
Background


Superconductivity

References:
  1. September 22, 2006 - Magnet falls freely in superconducting tube
Background



Cancer

References:
  1. September 18, 2006 - New Therapeutic Strategy Takes Advantage Of Stressed Cancer Cells
  2. September 18, 2006 - Low folate levels may curb colorectal cancer risk - also here, here, here
  3. September 18, 2006 - Detecting Cancer with Silica Nanoparticles
  4. September 19, 2006 - Color of oral tissue may reflect colon cancer
  5. September 19, 2006 - Eating fatty fish warded off kidney cancer in study - also here
  6. September 19, 2006 - Gene variant may raise lung cancer risk from radon
  7. September 19, 2006 - Global View Shows Strong Link Between Kidney Cancer, Sunlight Exposure - also here
  8. September 19, 2006 - Prostate Cancer Treatment Increases Risk Of Diabetes And Heart Disease
  9. September 20, 2006 - Fatty fish consumption associated with lower risk of kidney cancer in women
  10. September 20, 2006 - Fatty fish protects against cancer
  11. September 20, 2006 - Family breast cancer history ups ovarian cancer risk
  12. September 20, 2006 - Mouse Strain With Gene Stutter Will Help Leukemia Research - also here
  13. September 20, 2006 - A Spicy Solution For Colon Cancer? - also here
  14. September 20, 2006 - Aromatase inhibitors: A treatment of choice for advanced breast cancer patients
  15. September 22, 2006 - Gonorrhea linked to higher prostate cancer risk
  16. September 22, 2006 - New Drug Target Might Sidestep Gleevec Resistance
Background


Metastasis

References:
  1. September 18, 2006 - Newly Discovered Behavior In Cancer Cells Signals Dangerous Metastasis - also here
  2. September 21, 2006 - Two-faced Protein Can Stop Metastasis Or Promote It - also here
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. September 18, 2006 - Who Gives Stem Cells Their Marching Orders?
  2. September 18, 2006 - Researchers Grow Neural, Blood Vessel Cells from Adult Stem Cells
  3. September 19, 2006 - Adult Stem Cells Show Wider Potential Than Previously Thought
  4. September 19, 2006 - 'Stretched' Stem Cells Have Potential To Be Transformed Into Blood Vessel Cells
  5. September 20, 2006 - Immature cells strengthen damaged heart
  6. September 20, 2006 - Elasticity Of Tissue Environment Plays Role In Determining Stem Cell Growth
  7. September 20, 2006 - Stem Cells Show Little Heart-Attack Aid - also here
  8. September 21, 2006 - Adult Stem Cells Help Weakened Hearts
  9. September 21, 2006 - Stem cells put a stop to macular degeneration
  10. September 21, 2006 - Transplants Derived From Human Stem Cells Help Restore Vision In Rats With Retinal Disease
  11. September 21, 2006 - Human stem cells help blinded rats
  12. September 21, 2006 - Stem Cell Experiments Slow Vision Loss in Rats
  13. September 22, 2006 - New Stem Cell Approach Reported - also here, here
  14. September 22, 2006 - Stem Cells Made From 'Dead' Human Embryo - also here
Background


Auditory mirror neurons

References:
  1. September 18, 2006 - 'Spectrum of empathy' found in the brain
  2. September 19, 2006 - New Studies Elucidate How The Brain Reflects Onto Itself The Actions Of Others - also here
  3. September 19, 2006 - Do As I Say
  4. September 21, 2006 - First Evidence Found of Mirror Neuron's Role in Language
  5. September 21, 2006 - Mirror neurons also respond to language and sound
  6. September 27, 2006 - Strong Mental Link Between Actions And Words
Background Background


Malaria

References:
  1. September 18, 2006 - Novel drug joins fight against drug-resistant malaria
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. September 18, 2006 - New Way To Make Antibiotics: Discovery Will Help In Fight Against 'Superbugs'
Background


Plague bacterium disease mechanism

References:
  1. September 18, 2006 - Researchers Uncover a Secret of the Black Death
  2. September 20, 2006 - If it stops plague, will it stop hospital superbugs?
Background, Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. September 18, 2006 - Forgetful? You May Be Losing More Than Just Your Memory
  2. September 18, 2006 - Losing Your Memory May Mean Losing Your Mind
  3. September 19, 2006 - Restricting Food Intake Can Help Fight Disease, New Research Shows - also here
  4. September 21, 2006 - Alzheimer's may 'seed' itself like mad cow disease
  5. September 21, 2006 - Cabernet Sauvignon Red Wine Reduces The Risk Of Alzheimer's Disease - also here
  6. September 21, 2006 - Alzheimer's Protein Injected Into Mice - also here
  7. September 22, 2006 - Insulin Receptor Stops Progression Of Alzheimer's Disease - also here
  8. September 24, 2006 - Enzyme Shreds Alzheimer's Protein - also here, here
  9. September 24, 2006 - Restricted Diet May Help Prevent Alzheimer's - also here
  10. September 27, 2006 - Red wine slows Alzheimer's-like disease in mice
  11. September 28, 2006 - Red Wine May Help Prevent Alzheimer's
Background


Compaction of chromatin

References:
  1. September 18, 2006 - Single molecular 'mark' seen as pivotal for genome compaction in spores and sperm
  2. September 19, 2006 - Genome-management System Seen As A Natural Protection Against Cancer
Background


Sex-specific genetic differences

References:
  1. September 18, 2006 - Swotting up on sex differences
Background


Bioinformatics

References:
  1. September 18, 2006 - Evolutionary software to be released free of charge
Background


Evolution of altruism in algae

References:
  1. September 18, 2006 - Why Evolution Drives Some Cells to Altruism
Background, Background


AIDS

References:
  1. September 19, 2006 - AIDS no longer killing all patients, study finds - also here
  2. September 21, 2006 - Smokers may have higher risk of HIV
  3. September 22, 2006 - AIDS discoverer hopeful of new vaccine approach
  4. September 23, 2006 - Smokers 'at greater risk of HIV'
Background


Prions

References:
  1. September 19, 2006 - Chemical combo inactivates disease-causing prions
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. September 19, 2006 - Study Adds To Links Between Sleep Loss And Diabetes
  2. September 19, 2006 - Prostate Cancer Treatment Increases Risk Of Diabetes And Heart Disease
  3. September 23, 2006 - Hope for new diabetes treatment
  4. September 24, 2006 - Hope For Significant New Diabetes Treatment In Discovery
Background


Juvenile Australopithecus afarensis

References:
  1. September 20, 2006 - The amazing fossil of 'Lucy's little sister'
  2. September 20, 2006 - Scientists Find "Lucy" Species Skeleton
  3. September 20, 2006 - 'Lucy's baby' found in Ethiopia
  4. September 20, 2006 - Skeleton sheds light on ape-man species - also here
  5. September 20, 2006 - Remains of earliest child discovered in Ethiopia - also here
  6. September 20, 2006 - Meet Lucy's Child
  7. September 20, 2006 - Little 'Lucy' fossil found
  8. September 21, 2006 - Australopithecus Afarensis Child Sheds Light On Human Evolution - also here
  9. September 21, 2006 - Oldest juvenile skeleton discovered will help piece together human development
  10. September 21, 2006 - Little Girl, 3 Million Years Old, Offers New Hints on Evolution
  11. September 22, 2006 - Baby 'Lucy' found in Ethiopia
  12. September 23, 2006 - Evolution's Child: Fossil puts youthful twist on Lucy's kind
Background


Cholesterol, inflammation, and heart failure

References:
  1. September 20, 2006 - Elevated cholesterol may benefit failing hearts
Background


Exercise and hypertension

References:
  1. September 20, 2006 - Four short walks a day helps keep BP in check
Background


Music lessons and memory improvement in children

References:
  1. September 20, 2006 - Music lessons help young child memories - also here
  2. September 20, 2006 - First evidence that musical training affects brain development in young children
  3. September 20, 2006 - Music training boosts the brain
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. September 20, 2006 - Brain Area Foils Fear
  2. September 20, 2006 - How the brain keeps emotions at bay
  3. September 20, 2006 - U.S. study finds fear on-off switch in brain - also here
  4. September 22, 2006 - Emotional Control Circuit Of Brain's Fear Response Discovered - also here
Background


Protein folding

References:
  1. September 20, 2006 - Quantum Leap In Protein Folding Calculations
Background


Regulation of excess proteins by fat

References:
  1. September 20, 2006 - Scientists Discover A New Healthy Role For Fat - also here
Background


Knots in proteins

References:
  1. September 20, 2006 - Team finds most complex protein knot ever seen - also here, here
Background


Cricket evolution

References:
  1. September 21, 2006 - Flying sex pest silences the crickets
  2. September 21, 2006 - Adapting Itself Into Oblivion?
  3. September 25, 2006 - Crickets On Hawaiian Island Develop Silent Wings In Response To Parasitic Attack - also here
Background


Soy protein and cholesterol

References:
  1. September 21, 2006 - Soy protein lowers cholesterol slightly
  2. September 22, 2006 - Eating Soy Protein Helps Control Cholesterol - also here
Background


Why fruit flies sleep

References:
  1. September 21, 2006 - Fruit Flies Reveal Sleep Secrets
  2. September 21, 2006 - Have Friends, Will Slumber
Background


Structural fluctuations and enzyme catalysis

References:
  1. September 21, 2006 - Study Details Structural Changes Of A Key Catalytic Enzyme - also here
Background


Evolution of carbohydrate metabolism

References:
  1. September 21, 2006 - Obesity Crisis In Insects? Not A Problem, Says Expert
Background, Background


Leptin, gene therapy, and diabetes

References:
  1. September 21, 2006 - Gene Therapy Technique Reverses Type 2 Diabetes In Mice; Study Shows Promise Of Leptin - also here
Background, Background, Background


Stem cells from embryos in arrested development

References:
  1. September 21, 2006 - Naturally dead embryos yield stem cells
  2. September 22, 2006 - New Stem Cell Approach Reported
  3. September 22, 2006 - Life from Arrested Development?
  4. September 25, 2006 - Does arrested development equal embryo death?
Background


Inhibitors of telomerase gene

References:
  1. September 21, 2006 - New Target For Cancer Therapy Identified - also here, here
Background


DNA repair

References:
  1. September 22, 2006 - Watching DNA Repair In Real Time - also here
Background


Neurochemistry

References:
  1. September 22, 2006 - Enzyme Builds Neurotransmitters Via Newly Discovered Pathway
Background


Structure of aquaporins

References:
  1. September 22, 2006 - One protein, two channels: Scientists explain mechanism in aquaporins - also here, here
Background, Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. September 22, 2006 - More Drug-Resistant TB Seen in U.S. - also here
  2. September 25, 2006 - World-wide Warning Of Highly Drug-resistant Tuberculosis
Background


Sleep and learning

References:
  1. September 23, 2006 - Snooze your way to high test scores
Background, Background


Hardwiring of fruit fly visual system

References:
  1. September 23, 2006 - Hard-wiring The Fruit Fly's Visual System - also here
Background


Immune system evolution

References:
  1. September 23, 2006 - 'Killer' B Cells Demonstrate Evolutionary Link Between Fish And Mammal Immune Systems - also here
  2. October 4, 2006 - 'Killer' B cells provide new link in the evolution of immunity - also here
  3. October 5, 2006 - Discovery in the evolution of the immune system absorbing cells
Background


Genetics of aggression

References:
  1. September 23, 2006 - Fruit Fly Aggression Studies Have Relevance To Humans, Animals - also here, here
Background


Copyright © 2006 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved