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Volume 5, Number 38
September 18, 2006

Physical sciences and technology

Quantum dots
Spin Hall effect
Carbon nanotubes
Hurricanes and global warming
Climate modeling
Solar cells
Phase-change random-access memory
Extrasolar planets
Star-forming regions
Fuel cells
Nanotechnology
Quantum computing
Global warming
First generation of galaxies
Black holes and hypervelocity stars
Measuring quantum weirdness: nanomechanical resonators
Inadequacy of changes in solar brightness for climate change
Global warming and arctic sea ice
Weather forecasting model
Generation of hydrogen using bacteria
Petaflop computers
Binary pulsar test of general relativity
Metamaterials
High-temperature superconductivity

Life sciences

Cancer
Anti-obesity compound in seaweed
Tuberculosis
Nutraceuticals
Endogenous retroviruses
Avian flu
Plague bacterium disease mechanism
Neanderthals
Mast cells
Targeted drug delivery
Green tea, polyphenols, and heart disease
Whole-grain foods and hypertension
Bacterial quorum sensing
Associative memory in the brain
Diabetes
The "island rule" in evolution
Heart disease diagnostics
Conservation of mechanism to organize nervous system
Alzheimer's disease
Parkinson's disease
Endocannabinoids and appetite control
Antibiotics
Live virus vaccine for avian flu
Attention and perception
Omega-3 fatty acids
Cancer genome atlas
Inflammation and heart disease
Cross-talk in bacteria
Ribosomes
Mechanism of viral infection
Cancer diagnostics
Molecular motors in cells
Gleevec and autoimmune diseases
Genetic factor in hypertension
Protein folding
Molecular structure of the insulin receptor
Genetics of voles
Long-distance communication in the brain
Nanotechnology and regenerative medicine
Nuclear envelope of a cell
Attraction and aversion in associative learning
Gene therapy
Adiponectin


Quantum dots

References:
  1. September 11, 2006 - Quantum dots used to track protein traffic
  2. September 15, 2006 - Quantum dots reviewed — Could these nanoparticles hold the cure to cancer?
  3. September 16, 2006 - Double Quantum Dots Control Kondo Effect In Nanoscience Study
Background


Spin Hall effect

References:
  1. September 11, 2006 - Spin Hall effect detected at room temperature
  2. September 20, 2006 - Room-Temperature Spin Hall Effect
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. September 11, 2006 - Scientists help bring world's smallest test tubes 'From the Lab to the Fab' - also here
  2. September 13, 2006 - Researchers Develop Selective Sensors Based On Carbon Nanotubes - also here
  3. September 14, 2006 - Nanotube 'forest' makes super slippery surface
Background


Hurricanes and global warming

References:
  1. September 11, 2006 - Humans 'causing stronger storms'
  2. September 11, 2006 - Humans affect sea warming in hurricane zones
  3. September 11, 2006 - A Human Spin on Hurricanes
  4. September 12, 2006 - Human Activities Found To Affect Ocean Temperatures In Hurricane Formation Regions
  5. September 12, 2006 - Human activities are boosting ocean temperatures in areas where hurricanes form
  6. September 12, 2006 - Report links global warming, storms
  7. September 20, 2006 - Stronger Hurricanes Linked to Climate Change
Background


Climate modeling

References:
  1. September 11, 2006 - Precision climate modeling forecast by researchers
Background


Solar cells

References:
  1. September 11, 2006 - Solar Energy: Charged For The Future - also here
  2. September 13, 2006 - See-Through Solar Cells Become Safer
Background


Phase-change random-access memory

References:
  1. September 11, 2006 - Samsung Develops New Memory Chip - also here
  2. September 11, 2006 - Samsung develops new memory chip
  3. September 12, 2006 - Samsung Introduces the Next Generation of Nonvolatile Memory - PRAM
Background


Extrasolar planets

References:
  1. September 11, 2006 - Massive Planet Found by Astronomers Using Novel Network of Tiny Telescopes
  2. September 12, 2006 - 'Sleuth' telescope snags a rare planet type
  3. September 12, 2006 - Tiny telescope finds giant planet
  4. September 13, 2006 - Modified Backyard Telescopes Find Extrasolar Planet
  5. September 14, 2006 - Strange New Planet Baffles Astronomers
  6. September 14, 2006 - Scientists discover puzzling giant planet
  7. September 14, 2006 - Astronomers Find Distant, Fluffy Planet - also here
  8. September 14, 2006 - Puffed-up planet puzzles astronomers
  9. September 14, 2006 - Largest Planet Yet Puzzles Theorists
  10. September 14, 2006 - Puffy 'Cork' Planet Would Float on Water
  11. September 15, 2006 - Puffy planet poses pretty puzzle
  12. September 15, 2006 - Puzzling Puffy Planet, Less Dense Than Cork, Is Discovered
Background


Star-forming regions

References:
  1. September 12, 2006 - AKARI's View On Birth And Death Of Stars
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. September 12, 2006 - Latest Fuel Cell Material Advance Overcomes Low Humidity Conductivity Problem - also here, here
  2. September 12, 2006 - Putting the fuel in fuel cells
  3. September 13, 2006 - New type of hydrogen fuel cell powers up
  4. September 14, 2006 - Tiny Fuel Cell Might Replace Batteries In Laptop Computers, Portable Electronics - also here
  5. September 14, 2006 - Chemical Screening System Helps Evaluate Fuel Cell Materials - also here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. September 12, 2006 - ZnO nanowires may lead to better chemical sensors, high-speed electronics
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. September 12, 2006 - Shining light in quantum computing
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. September 12, 2006 - Cloud formation affected by human activity, study says
  2. September 13, 2006 - Scientists predict more European heatwaves
  3. September 14, 2006 - World has 10-year window to act on climate: expert
  4. September 14, 2006 - Computer model looks at cooling the Earth
  5. September 15, 2006 - Stratospheric Injections Could Help Cool Earth, Computer Model Shows - also here
Background


First generation of galaxies

References:
  1. September 13, 2006 - Astronomers Trace The Evolution Of The First Galaxies In The Universe
  2. September 13, 2006 - First generation of galaxies glimpsed forming
  3. September 13, 2006 - Most distant galaxy gives clues to early universe
  4. September 13, 2006 - First Bright Galaxies Formed Very Rapidly
  5. September 14, 2006 - Astronomers peer at distant epoch
  6. September 14, 2006 - Cosmic Merger Mania
  7. September 21, 2006 - Hubble Spots 500 Galaxies in Early Universe
  8. September 21, 2006 - Hubble Discovers New Old Galaxies
  9. September 24, 2006 - Hubble finds hundreds of young galaxies in the early Universe - also here, here, here
Background, Background


Black holes and hypervelocity stars

References:
  1. September 13, 2006 - Puny black holes can eject Milky Way's stars
Background


Measuring quantum weirdness: nanomechanical resonators

References:
  1. September 13, 2006 - Tracing the limits of quantum weirdness
  2. September 14, 2006 - Quantum Kicks Quiet Quivering
  3. September 15, 2006 - Quantum back-action has a cooling effect
  4. September 23, 2006 - New Device Tests Uncertainty Principle With New Precision - also here
Background, Background


Inadequacy of changes in solar brightness for climate change

References:
  1. September 13, 2006 - No Sunshine for Global Warming Skeptics
  2. September 13, 2006 - Don't Blame the Sun
  3. September 14, 2006 - Changes In Solar Brightness Too Weak To Explain Global Warming - also here
  4. September 14, 2006 - Study clears Sun of climate change
  5. September 18, 2006 - Solar Variations Not to Blame for Global Warming
Background


Global warming and arctic sea ice

References:
  1. September 13, 2006 - Arctic sea ice shrinks, a sign of greenhouse effect
  2. September 14, 2006 - Winter Arctic sea ice in drastic decline
  3. September 14, 2006 - Arctic sea ice diminished rapidly in 2004 and 2005 - also here
  4. September 14, 2006 - Warming Climate May Put Chill On Arctic Polar Bear Population - also here, here
  5. September 14, 2006 - 'Drastic' shrinkage in Arctic ice
  6. September 14, 2006 - Arctic ice: it's melting - Scientists say wintertime loss of polar ice is growing along with a continuing summertime pattern and is strong evidence of global warming
  7. September 15, 2006 - Polar bears drown, islands appear in Arctic thaw - also here, here
  8. September 15, 2006 - Arctic Ice Meltdown Continues With Significantly Reduced Winter Ice Cover - also here
Background


Weather forecasting model

References:
  1. September 13, 2006 - Weather Forecast Accuracy Gets Boost With New Computer Model
Background


Generation of hydrogen using bacteria

References:
  1. September 13, 2006 - Using Microbes To Fuel The New Hydrogen Economy - also here
Background


Petaflop computers

References:
  1. September 13, 2006 - Computers Sought to Perform Petaflops
Background


Binary pulsar test of general relativity

References:
  1. September 14, 2006 - General relativity survives gruelling pulsar test -- Einstein at least 99.95 percent right - also here, here
  2. September 14, 2006 - General relativity passes cosmic test
  3. September 15, 2006 - Einstein at least 99.95% right
  4. September 18, 2006 - General relativity survives gruelling pulsar test
  5. September 19, 2006 - Pulsars prove Einstein right (nearly)
Background


Metamaterials

References:
  1. September 14, 2006 - Superlens microscope gets up close
Background, Background


High-temperature superconductivity

References:
  1. September 15, 2006 - Slow death for a hot topic
Background



Cancer

References:
  1. September 11, 2006 - Anti-inflammatory Drug Prevents Liver Cancer In At-risk Liver Patients
  2. September 11, 2006 - Ethnicity And Cancer Susceptibility
  3. September 11, 2006 - Distinguishing Friend from Foe in the Battle Against Cancer - also here
  4. September 11, 2006 - Artificial Nanoscale Cholesterol Carrier Targets Brain Tumors
  5. September 12, 2006 - Improved Treatment Raises Medulloblastoma Survival Rate
  6. September 12, 2006 - Vitamin D May Cut Pancreatic Cancer Risk By Nearly Half - also here
  7. September 13, 2006 - Vitamin D halves pancreatic cancer risk - also here
  8. September 13, 2006 - Raloxifene Reduces Breast Cancer Risk In Postmenopausal Women At All Risk Levels
  9. September 14, 2006 - Vitamin D Cuts Pancreatic Cancer Risk - also here, here
  10. September 15, 2006 - Vitamin D 'slashes cancer risk'
  11. September 15, 2006 - Vitamin D may halve pancreatic cancer risk
Background


Anti-obesity compound in seaweed

References:
  1. September 11, 2006 - Brown seaweed contains promising fat fighter, weight reducer - also here
  2. September 11, 2006 - Anti-obesity compound found in brown seaweed
Background


Tuberculosis

References:
  1. September 11, 2006 - New TB strain could fuel South Africa AIDS toll
  2. September 14, 2006 - New test offers hope for swift TB diagnosis
  3. September 14, 2006 - New and Simple Test for Active Tuberculosis Now Possible
  4. September 15, 2006 - World-wide warning of highly drug-resistant tuberculosis
  5. September 17, 2006 - Ultra-lethal TB sends fear through Africa
Background


Nutraceuticals

References:
  1. September 11, 2006 - Breakfast Foods Deliver Buffet of Health Benefits
  2. September 11, 2006 - Health Effects Of 'Functional Foods' Featured During Four-day Symposium
Background


Endogenous retroviruses

References:
  1. September 11, 2006 - Viral Gene Appears Crucial to Mammalian Reproduction
  2. September 11, 2006 - Researchers Discover That Sheep Need Retroviruses For Reproduction
  3. September 12, 2006 - Why viral stowaways are a baby's best friend
  4. September 13, 2006 - The Ghost of Viruses Past
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. September 11, 2006 - Scientists reveal how H5N1 kills
  2. September 11, 2006 - Bird flu shows its aggressive side
  3. September 11, 2006 - September 11 study shows flu spreads by airplane - also here
  4. September 11, 2006 - Aches on a Plane
  5. September 12, 2006 - 9/11 air travel dip linked to flu's delay
  6. September 12, 2006 - Travel slump after 9/11 slowed spread of influenza, study shows
  7. September 12, 2006 - More tests confirm low-path H5N1 in Maryland: USDA
  8. September 12, 2006 - Bird flu virus strain found in Maryland
  9. September 12, 2006 - Planes play big role in spreading flu
  10. September 12, 2006 - Probing the Mysterious Migration of Swans Suspected in Spread of Avian Flu
  11. September 15, 2006 - Existing Vaccine Facilities Can Handle Flu Pandemic, New Research Suggests - also here
  12. September 17, 2006 - A Public Health Lesson From 9/11: To Curb The Flu, Limit Flights
  13. September 17, 2006 - WHO: Bird Flu Pandemic Risk Still High - also here, here
Background


Plague bacterium disease mechanism

References:
  1. September 11, 2006 - Study Illuminates How The Plague Bacterium Causes Disease
  2. September 21, 2006 - Plague Bacteria Reveal One Of Their Virulence Tricks - also here, here
Background, Background


Neanderthals

References:
  1. September 11, 2006 - Modern humans, not Neandertals, may be evolution's "odd man out"
  2. September 13, 2006 - Neanderthals and humans lived side by side
  3. September 13, 2006 - Neanderthals lived more recently than thought
  4. September 13, 2006 - The Last of the Neandertals?
  5. September 13, 2006 - Neanderthals' 'last rock refuge'
  6. September 13, 2006 - Neanderthals around longer, study says - also here
  7. September 13, 2006 - Neanderthal's last stand
  8. September 14, 2006 - Neanderthals said a long goodbye
  9. September 14, 2006 - Researchers Offer a New Date for Neanderthals’ Last Stand
  10. September 23, 2006 - Neandertal debate goes south
Background


Mast cells

References:
  1. September 11, 2006 - "Allergy cells" can aggravate cancer and psoriasis
Background


Targeted drug delivery

References:
  1. September 11, 2006 - Electric Jolt Triggers Release of Biomolecules, Nanoparticles - also here
  2. September 13, 2006 - Engineering a 'Trojan horse' to sneak drugs into the brain
Background


Green tea, polyphenols, and heart disease

References:
  1. September 12, 2006 - Green tea makes for healthier hearts
  2. September 12, 2006 - Green tea shown to prolong life in Japanese study
  3. September 13, 2006 - Consumption Of Green Tea Associated With Reduced Mortality In Japanese Adults - also here
  4. September 13, 2006 - Green tea prevents heart disease
  5. September 13, 2006 - Green tea may lower stroke risk
Background, Background


Whole-grain foods and hypertension

References:
  1. September 12, 2006 - Whole-grain diets may help reduce blood pressure
Background, Background


Bacterial quorum sensing

References:
  1. September 12, 2006 - Chemists Prevent Bacterial Conversations
  2. September 12, 2006 - 'Conversation Stoppers' Fight Deadly Bacterial Infections - also here, here
Background


Associative memory in the brain

References:
  1. September 12, 2006 - Why Sudoku makes your brain ache
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. September 12, 2006 - Transplant Cures Rats' Type 2 Diabetes Without Need For Immune Suppression Drugs - also here
  2. September 13, 2006 - MRI Can Track Survival Of Pancreatic Islets After Transplantation - also here
  3. September 14, 2006 - Targeted Therapy Turns Life Around For Child With Neonatal Diabetes - also here, here
  4. September 15, 2006 - Diabetes that develops early more likely to worsen
  5. September 15, 2006 - Diabetes Can Be Prevented With Drug Therapy, Study Shows
  6. September 15, 2006 - Study: Diabetes Drug Also May Prevent It - also here
  7. September 16, 2006 - Possible Treatment For Type 1 Diabetes With New Vaccine - also here
  8. September 16, 2006 - Researchers find hope in diabetes battle
Background


The "island rule" in evolution

References:
  1. September 12, 2006 - Islands spark accelerated evolution
  2. September 17, 2006 - Island creatures evolve to be great and small
Background


Heart disease diagnostics

References:
  1. September 12, 2006 - Researchers find potential biomarker for heart failure - also here
  2. September 14, 2006 - High Chemical Levels In Blood Stream Indicate Need For Action To Avoid Heart Attack, Death
Background


Conservation of mechanism to organize nervous system

References:
  1. September 12, 2006 - Mechanism to Organize Nervous System Conserved in Evolution - also here
Background, Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. September 12, 2006 - Accelerating weight loss may signal development of Alzheimer's disease
  2. September 12, 2006 - Rapid weight loss may herald Alzheimer's
  3. September 17, 2006 - Before Dementia's First Signs Appear, Weight-loss Rate Doubles In Elderly - also here
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. September 12, 2006 - Two copies of G2019S Parkinson's gene mutation doesn't lead to more severe disease - also here
  2. September 14, 2006 - Parkinson's-like Cell Death Blocked By Stopping Inflammatory Factor
  3. September 15, 2006 - Pesticide Exposure Could Increase Risk Of Early Onset Of Parkinson's Disease
Background


Endocannabinoids and appetite control

References:
  1. September 12, 2006 - Study shows enzyme builds neurotransmitters via newly discovered pathway
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. September 12, 2006 - Reseachers discover new insights for antibiotic drug development
Background


Live virus vaccine for avian flu

References:
  1. September 12, 2006 - Live bird flu vaccine raises hope of pre-pandemic shots
  2. September 12, 2006 - Promising preclinical results with live attenuated H5N1 vaccines - also here
  3. September 12, 2006 - Study: Live H5N1 virus vaccines effective
  4. September 13, 2006 - Live H5N1 Avian Flu Virus Vaccines Show Protection In Animal Studies - also here
Background, Background


Attention and perception

References:
  1. September 12, 2006 - Attention can impair perception
Background


Omega-3 fatty acids

References:
  1. September 13, 2006 - Increased dietary fish oil may prevent many deaths
Background, Background


Cancer genome atlas

References:
  1. September 13, 2006 - U.S. to map genes of brain, ovarian and lung cancer
Background


Inflammation and heart disease

References:
  1. September 13, 2006 - New Type Of Pain Reliever May Benefit The Heart
  2. September 13, 2006 - Added Benefit Of Statins Found In Those At High Risk For Heart Disease, Diabetes
Background, Background


Cross-talk in bacteria

References:
  1. September 13, 2006 - How bugs use cross-talk as their own computer memory to beat the system
Background


Ribosomes

References:
  1. September 14, 2006 - Biologists Probe The Machinery Of Cellular Protein Factories - also here, here
Background


Mechanism of viral infection

References:
  1. September 14, 2006 - Viruses Switch Grip To Gain Upper Hand; Discovery Helps Explain How Flu Stays Ahead Of Our Defenses - also here
Background


Cancer diagnostics

References:
  1. September 14, 2006 - Novel biomarker for prediction of survival in colorectal carcinomas revealed
  2. September 14, 2006 - Biomarkers of response to VEGF pathway-targeted therapy discovered for renal cell carcinoma
  3. September 14, 2006 - High-throughput oncogene mutation detection in human cancers by mass spectrometry-based genotyping
  4. September 14, 2006 - Molecular markers signal early metastases from ocular melanoma
  5. September 14, 2006 - Sensitive and specific biomarker for early detection of prostate cancer identified
  6. September 14, 2006 - tNOX serves as a serum marker for detection and monitoring of disease progression in prostate cancer
  7. September 14, 2006 - REG1A and its receptor EXTL3 are prognostic markers for colorectal cancer recurrence
  8. September 14, 2006 - An Advanced Genetic Diagnostic Method For Multiple Myeloma - also here
  9. September 14, 2006 - New Technique Detects Early Metastasis Of Breast Cancer - also here
  10. September 15, 2006 - Test Can Predict Spread Of Eye Cancer To Liver - also here
  11. September 15, 2006 - Abnormal overexpression of p53 is a predictive molecular biomarker
  12. September 16, 2006 - Cell-regulating Gene May Predict Survival Outcomes For Breast Cancer Patients
  13. September 16, 2006 - Gene Signature Assesses Breast Cancer Outcomes
  14. September 17, 2006 - Density Predicts Breast Cancer Risk, Study Shows
  15. September 18, 2006 - Test Helps Identify Patients With Breast Cancer Who Will Likely Benefit From Chemotherapy - also here
  16. September 18, 2006 - Potential diagnostic marker indicates effectiveness of anti-angiogenic drugs
  17. September 21, 2006 - Early Detection Of Lung Cancer In Smokers And Nonsmokers
Background


Molecular motors in cells

References:
  1. September 14, 2006 - Molecular motor structural changes imaged
  2. September 15, 2006 - Researchers Image Molecular Motor Structural Changes - also here
Background


Gleevec and autoimmune diseases

References:
  1. September 15, 2006 - Cancer Fighter Has Hidden Talents
Background


Genetic factor in hypertension

References:
  1. September 15, 2006 - Mutation Plays Key Role In Hypertension
Background


Protein folding

References:
  1. September 15, 2006 - Most Stable Parts Of Protein Are The First To Fold, Study Finds - also here
Background


Molecular structure of the insulin receptor

References:
  1. September 15, 2006 - Team Makes Landmark Insulin Discovery
Background


Genetics of voles

References:
  1. September 15, 2006 - Mouse-like mammal may hold genetic key
  2. September 16, 2006 - Rodent's Bizarre Traits Deepen Mystery Of Genetics, Evolution - also here
Background


Long-distance communication in the brain

References:
  1. September 16, 2006 - Slow Brain Waves Play Key Role In Coordinating Complex Activity - also here
Background


Nanotechnology and regenerative medicine

References:
  1. September 17, 2006 - Nanotechnology Propels Advances In Regenerative Medicine Research
Background, Background


Nuclear envelope of a cell

References:
  1. September 17, 2006 - Architects Of The Envelope: Scientists Discover An Essential Nucleus-building Protein
Background


Attraction and aversion in associative learning

References:
  1. September 17, 2006 - Researchers Identify Neurons That Assign Value During Learning
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. September 17, 2006 - What's Next For Gene Therapy? Plastics Researchers Design Polymer Macromolecules As Gene Transfer Agents - also here
Background


Adiponectin

References:
  1. September 17, 2006 - New Research Could Help Women Facing High Risk Of Stillbirth
Background


Copyright © 2006 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved