Open Questions Chronicle

[OQC Home] [Open Questions] [Site Map] [Previous] [Next]

Volume 5, Number 32
August 7, 2006

Physical sciences and technology

Galaxy distribution
Water on Mars
Plate tectonics
Climate modeling
Fine structure constant
Dark matter in galaxies
Brown dwarfs
Carbon nanotubes
Nanotechnology
Advanced Dark Energy Physics Telescope
Photonic crystal "lab on a chip"
Spintronics
High-temperature superconductivity
Astronomical distance measurements
Binary planemos
Quantum computing
Optical nonlinearity management
Global warming

Life sciences

Cancer
MicroRNA and cancer
Avian flu
Obesity vaccine
Genetics of appetite control
Diabetes
AIDS
Stem cells
Inflammation
Nanoparticle drug delivery
Neural plasticity
Animal intelligence
Parkinson's disease
Apoptosis
Telomeres
Gene therapy
Antioxidants and neurotransmitters
RNA replication in viruses
Genome evolution
Short-term memory
Circadian rhythm and appetite
Skin cell development
The immune system
Regulation of cholesterol and lipid synthesis
Mathematical biology
Length of neural connections in the brain
Alzheimer's disease
Olfaction
Vaccines
Brain-imaging studies
Methanogenic Archaea
Fat metabolism and cardiovascular disease
Autism
Homologous recombination in plants
Protein engineering


Galaxy distribution

References:
  1. July 31, 2006 - Simple Survey Yields Cosmic Conundrum - also here
  2. July 31, 2006 - Apparent Concentrations of Galaxies Puzzles Astronomers
  3. August 15, 2006 - Galaxy survey fails to add up
Background


Water on Mars

References:
  1. July 31, 2006 - Researchers remotely unlock mysteries of water on Mars
Background


Plate tectonics

References:
  1. August 1, 2006 - Research Reveals How Continents Can Break Apart - also here
Background


Climate modeling

References:
  1. August 1, 2006 - Supercomputers Cast Light On Cloudy Puzzle Of Global Weather - also here
  2. August 5, 2006 - Super Computers Make Global Warming Visible
Background


Fine structure constant

References:
  1. August 1, 2006 - Refining the fine-structure constant
Background


Dark matter in galaxies

References:
  1. August 2, 2006 - Supernovae make dark matter bloat
Background


Brown dwarfs

References:
  1. August 2, 2006 - Brown dwarf survives being swallowed - also here
  2. August 2, 2006 - In the Belly of the Beast
  3. August 2, 2006 - Wannabe star escapes near-death experience
  4. August 2, 2006 - Object Survives Being Swallowed by a Star
  5. August 3, 2006 - Red giant swallows brown dwarf, but doesn't digest it
  6. August 3, 2006 - Stellar Survivor: Brown Dwarf Outlasts Red Giant
Background


Carbon nanotubes

References:
  1. August 2, 2006 - Engineers Lay Groundwork For 'Vertically Oriented Nanoelectronics'
  2. August 3, 2006 - New Method Of Using Nanotube X-rays Creates CT Images Faster Than Traditional Scanners - also here
  3. August 3, 2006 - Researchers Seed, Heat And Grow Carbon Nanotubes In Long Tubing - also here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. August 2, 2006 - Researchers team up to develop nanoscale diamondoids
Background


Advanced Dark Energy Physics Telescope

References:
  1. August 2, 2006 - NASA Selects Advanced Dark Energy Physics Telescope for Concept Development
  2. August 10, 2006 - NASA offers support for SNAP project
Background


Photonic crystal "lab on a chip"

References:
  1. August 3, 2006 - Optical Breakthrough Makes 'Lab-on-a-Chip' Possible
Background, Background


Spintronics

References:
  1. August 3, 2006 - Pigment Formulated 225 Years Ago Could Be Key In Emerging Technologies
  2. August 9, 2006 - Green pigment spins chip promise
Background


High-temperature superconductivity

References:
  1. August 3, 2006 - Superconductor reveals its true colours
  2. August 3, 2006 - Imaging Challenges Theory Of High-temperature Superconductivity
Background


Astronomical distance measurements

References:
  1. August 3, 2006 - Astronomers Crunch Numbers, Universe Gets Bigger
  2. August 4, 2006 - Big bang pushed back two billion years
  3. August 7, 2006 - Has the Universe Been Lying About Its Age?
  4. August 7, 2006 - Universe Might be Bigger and Older than Expected
Background


Binary planemos

References:
  1. August 3, 2006 - Strange 'twin' new worlds found
  2. August 3, 2006 - Oddball Objects: Neither Stars or Planets
  3. August 4, 2006 - A Planet? Maybe It's a Star
Background


Quantum computing

References:
  1. August 4, 2006 - Quantum Information Research Could Transform The Power Of Computing
Background


Optical nonlinearity management

References:
  1. August 4, 2006 - New Technique Can Manipulate Light Beams - also here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. August 4, 2006 - More Frequent Heat Waves Linked to Global Warming
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. July 31, 2006 - Malignant Melanoma Cells Secrete Protein Required For Embryo Formation - also here
  2. August 1, 2006 - Two mouth cancer types discovered
  3. August 1, 2006 - New insights into mouth cancers
  4. August 1, 2006 - Mouth cancer pathways discovery provides insight for treatment
  5. August 1, 2006 - Mushroom extract may boost prostate cancer drug
  6. August 1, 2006 - Researchers Develop Blood Test To Detect Lung Cancer - also here, here
  7. August 1, 2006 - Altering Fatty Acid Levels In Diet May Reduce Prostate Cancer Growth Rate - also here, here
  8. August 1, 2006 - Chemicals In Curry And Onions May Help Prevent Colon Cancer - also here
  9. August 1, 2006 - Researchers enhance safety and effectiveness of therapeutic virus that fights cancer
  10. August 2, 2006 - Chemicals in curry, onions may shrink colon polyps
  11. August 2, 2006 - Eating processed meats raises stomach cancer risk - also here, here
  12. August 2, 2006 - Processed meats linked with stomach cancer
  13. August 2, 2006 - Variation In CHEK2 Gene May Triple Breast Cancer Risk - also here
  14. August 2, 2006 - No cell walls, no new cancer cells
  15. August 2, 2006 - Socking it to cancer
  16. August 3, 2006 - Alcohol contributes substantially to cancer burden
  17. August 3, 2006 - Uterine Cancer May Be Clue To Inherited Syndrome
  18. August 3, 2006 - Links Between DNA Damage And Breast Cancer Studied - also here, here
  19. August 3, 2006 - New test for breast cancer
  20. August 4, 2006 - Breast cancer 'blood test hope'
  21. August 4, 2006 - New Hope In Cancer Vaccines Emerges As Novel Therapies Are Developed And Tested
  22. August 4, 2006 - Sticky DNA helps spot leukaemia
Background


MicroRNA and cancer

References:
  1. July 31, 2006 - Researchers Find Role For MicroRNAs In Angiogenesis
  2. August 1, 2006 - MicroRNA processing and cancer
Background, Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. July 31, 2006 - Don't Fear the Hybrid
  2. August 1, 2006 - Bird flu mixed with human flu lacks punch
  3. August 1, 2006 - Bird Flu Pandemic May Be Less Likely
  4. August 3, 2006 - Bird flu reappears in Germany
  5. August 4, 2006 - Closer study of H5N1 strains needed, expert says
Background


Obesity vaccine

References:
  1. July 31, 2006 - 'Anti-obesity vaccine' developed
  2. July 31, 2006 - A Shot That Fights Fat
  3. August 1, 2006 - Scientists take step toward obesity vaccine - also here
  4. August 1, 2006 - Vaccine Fights Fat in Rats
  5. August 1, 2006 - Vaccine Lets Rats Pig Out, Stay Svelte
  6. August 4, 2006 - Scientists Test Anti-obesity Vaccine - also here
Background


Genetics of appetite control

References:
  1. July 31, 2006 - Study Pinpoints How Genetic Glitch Could Keep Some People From Feeling Full - also here
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. July 31, 2006 - Traditional Chinese Medicine For Diabetes Has Scientific Backing - also here
  2. August 12, 2006 - Chinese medicine 'aids diabetics'
Background


AIDS

References:
  1. July 31, 2006 - Role of protein in immune response may aid HIV research
  2. August 2, 2006 - Research Leads To First Treatment For Drug-resistant HIV - also here
  3. August 3, 2006 - AIDS drugs still effective after 10 years
  4. August 5, 2006 - AIDS death rate same despite new drugs
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. July 31, 2006 - Robotic Surgery Techniques Used In Cardiac Cell Therapy Research - also here
  2. August 5, 2006 - New study hopeful on neural stem cells
  3. August 6, 2006 - Neural Stem Cells Derived From Human Embryonic Stem Cells Carry Abnormal Gene Expression - also here
Background


Inflammation

References:
  1. July 31, 2006 - Team probes inflammation, disease link
  2. August 4, 2006 - Single Sugar Found Responsible For An Antibody's Ability To Treat Inflammation
Background


Nanoparticle drug delivery

References:
  1. July 31, 2006 - Magnetic Nanocapsules for Smart Drug Delivery
Background


Neural plasticity

References:
  1. July 31, 2006 - Researchers watch brain in action
Background


Animal intelligence

References:
  1. August 1, 2006 - It's official: apes outsmart monkeys
  2. August 2, 2006 - Apes -- Not Monkeys -- Ace IQ Tests - also here, here
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. August 1, 2006 - Vitamin B6 may cut risk of Parkinson's disease
Background


Apoptosis

References:
  1. August 1, 2006 - Key Event In Cell Death Occurs As Single, Quick Event - also here, here
Background


Telomeres

References:
  1. August 1, 2006 - Evidence Of Rapid Evolution Is Found At The Tips Of Chromosomes - also here, here
Background


Gene therapy

References:
  1. August 1, 2006 - Discovery In 'Bubble Boy' Disease Gene Therapy - also here
Background


Antioxidants and neurotransmitters

References:
  1. August 1, 2006 - Research Shows Benefits Of Apple Juice On Neurotransmitter Affecting Memory
Background


RNA replication in viruses

References:
  1. August 1, 2006 - Genome circularization and RNA virus replication
  2. August 1, 2006 - New clues to flavivirus replication
  3. August 2, 2006 - Dengue Virus Reveals Its Circular Secret - also here
Background


Genome evolution

References:
  1. August 1, 2006 - Researcher studies gene families to explore diversity and evolution - also here
  2. August 1, 2006 - New evidence for theory of evolution found
  3. August 2, 2006 - Genetic Research Reinforces Theory Of Evolution - also here
Background, Background


Short-term memory

References:
  1. August 1, 2006 - Sign language study reveals key finding about short-term memory
Background


Circadian rhythm and appetite

References:
  1. August 1, 2006 - The Source of Midnight Munchies?
Background


Skin cell development

References:
  1. August 2, 2006 - Mapping System Tells Skin Cells Whether To Become Scalp, Palm Tissues
  2. August 3, 2006 - Cellular signposts tell tissue its job
Background


The immune system

References:
  1. August 2, 2006 - Study Shows How Protein Raises Antibody Output
Background


Regulation of cholesterol and lipid synthesis

References:
  1. August 2, 2006 - Key Fat And Cholesterol Cell Regulator Identified, Promising Target
Background, Background


Mathematical biology

References:
  1. August 2, 2006 - What determines body size?
  2. August 4, 2006 - How a leopard changes his spots
Background


Length of neural connections in the brain

References:
  1. August 2, 2006 - Study provides new insights into brain organisation - also here, here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. August 3, 2006 - Lifestyle factors key predictors for dementia
Background


Olfaction

References:
  1. August 3, 2006 - Time Needed To Identify Odors Reveals Much About Olfaction
Background


Vaccines

References:
  1. August 3, 2006 - Innovative Method For Creating A Human Cytomegalovirus Vaccine Outlined - also here
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. August 3, 2006 - Brain imaging identifies best memorization strategies - also here
  2. August 3, 2006 - Novelty aids learning
  3. August 3, 2006 - Brain's 'Gambling Circuitry' Identified
  4. August 3, 2006 - Irrational Decisions Driven By Emotions
Background


Methanogenic Archaea

References:
  1. August 4, 2006 - Sequencing The Genome Of A New Kind Of Methane Producer - also here
Background


Fat metabolism and cardiovascular disease

References:
  1. August 5, 2006 - High Blood Pressure Induces Low Fat Metabolism In Heart Muscle - also here
Background


Autism

References:
  1. August 5, 2006 - Neural losses appear in boys, men with disorder
Background


Homologous recombination in plants

References:
  1. August 6, 2006 - Stressed-out plants warn their offspring
  2. August 8, 2006 - In genetics, memory may span generations
Background


Protein engineering

References:
  1. August 6, 2006 - Proteins As Parents: Recombining Parts Yields New Mechanical Properties - also here
Background


Copyright © 2006 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved