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Volume 5, Number 17
April 24, 2006

Physical sciences and technology

Plate tectonics
Quantum dots
Martian geologic history
Computer simulation of black hole collision
Brain-machine interface
Quantum encryption
Nanophotonics
Nanotechnology
Fuel cells
Pulsars
Diffuse extragalactic background light
San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth
Variation in proton-electon mass ratio
Superconducting computer memory
Tele-immersion
Global warming
Formation of high-mass stars
Close binary black holes
Graphene-based electronics
Slowing light
Clustering of galaxies near dark matter

Life sciences

The immune system
Genetics of obesity and body shape
Cancer
Movement of chromosomes in a cell nucleus
Distributed computing of protein structure
Alzheimer's disease
Parthenogenesis in Hymenoptera
Animal intelligence
Sex differences in pain sensitivity of the brain
Enzymes
Brain-imaging studies
Visual recognition of words
Sexual selection in finches
Diabetes
Embryonic development of left/right asymmetry
Parkinson's disease
Genome evolution
Pleiotropic genes and the evolution of complex traits
Role of color in visual perception
Speed of signal transmission in neurons
Antibiotics
Gene regulatory networks
Stem cells
Connections between tactile and visual senses
Avian flu
Evolution of eyes
Fruit fly development
Gene regulation in stem cells by Polycomb proteins
Group behavior of neural cells
Control of lipid metabolism
Formation of nuclear membrane pores
Regulation of G-protein coupled receptor signaling
Cell-signaling regulator
Analyzing the Major Histocompatibility Complex
Drug discovery
Gene therapy
MicroRNA and cancer
Encoding of values by neurons
Group problem solving


Plate tectonics

References:
  1. April 17, 2006 - Pacific Northwest Tectonic Plates Are Moving - also here
Background


Quantum dots

References:
  1. April 17, 2006 - Quantum Paint-on Laser Could Rescue Computer Chip Industry - also here, here
  2. April 21, 2006 - Paint-On Lasers
Background


Martian geologic history

References:
  1. April 17, 2006 - Early Mars Environment
  2. April 20, 2006 - Mineral maps re-draft Martian history
  3. April 20, 2006 - Study Reveals Young Mars Was A Wet World
  4. April 20, 2006 - Rock maps revise Martian history
  5. April 20, 2006 - Scientists Say Mars Had 3 Distinct Eras - also here
  6. April 21, 2006 - Young Mars Most Likely To Support Life, New Mineral History Shows - also here, here
  7. April 21, 2006 - Climate shift dried out Mars
Background


Computer simulation of black hole collision

References:
  1. April 18, 2006 - Black holes collide in the best simulation yet
  2. April 18, 2006 - NASA Achieves Breakthrough In Black Hole Simulation - also here, here
  3. April 18, 2006 - Charting a Black Hole Crash
  4. April 18, 2006 - New Model Simulates Einstein's Vision of Black Hole Mergers
  5. April 19, 2006 - General relativity reveals its secrets
  6. April 19, 2006 - Black hole mergers modelled in 3D
  7. April 20, 2006 - When black holes collide
Background


Brain-machine interface

References:
  1. April 18, 2006 - Thoughts to trigger mental keyboard
Background


Quantum encryption

References:
  1. April 19, 2006 - Code For 'Unbreakable' Quantum Encryption - also here, here, here
Background


Nanophotonics

References:
  1. April 19, 2006 - 'Nanostars' Could Be Ultra-sensitive Chemical Sensors - also here, here, here
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. April 19, 2006 - Magnetic nanotechnology holds promise in fighting cancer, advancing computing
Background


Fuel cells

References:
  1. April 19, 2006 - Enzyme-based biological fuel cell is built
  2. April 21, 2006 - Bio fuel cells could power portable gadgets
Background


Pulsars

References:
  1. April 19, 2006 - XMM-Newton Reveals a Tumbling Pulsar
  2. April 20, 2006 - XMM-Newton reveals a tumbling neutron star
Background


Diffuse extragalactic background light

References:
  1. April 19, 2006 - Universal Light Source Pinned Down
  2. April 20, 2006 - The Search For The History Of The Universe's Light Emission
Background


San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth

References:
  1. April 19, 2006 - Scientists drill quake hole two miles deep
Background


Variation in proton-electon mass ratio

References:
  1. April 19, 2006 - Have Particle Masses Changed since the Early Universe?
  2. April 20, 2006 - A universal constant on the move
  3. April 21, 2006 - Another fundamental constant accused of changing
Background


Superconducting computer memory

References:
  1. April 20, 2006 - Superconducting memory flip-flops in an instant
Background


Tele-immersion

References:
  1. April 20, 2006 - New Video-conferencing Method Cheaper, More Sophisticated, Developers Say - also here, here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. April 20, 2006 - Ancient And Modern Evidence Suggests Limits To Future Global Warming - also here, here, here
  2. April 20, 2006 - Worst-case climate change called unlikely
Background


Formation of high-mass stars

References:
  1. April 20, 2006 - Infrared Space Observatory Provides First View Of Monstrous Stars Being Born - also here, here
Background


Close binary black holes

References:
  1. April 21, 2006 - Colossal black holes seen in closest clinch yet
  2. May 1, 2006 - Scientists Find Closest Pair of Supermassive Black Holes
  3. May 1, 2006 - Black Hole Pair Sets Proximity Record
Background


Graphene-based electronics

References:
  1. April 21, 2006 - A slice of carbon could work wonders with chips
Background


Slowing light

References:
  1. April 21, 2006 - Semiconductors slow light
Background


Clustering of galaxies near dark matter

References:
  1. April 22, 2006 - Study Finds That Galaxies Cluster Near Dark Matter - also here, here, here
Background


The immune system

References:
  1. April 17, 2006 - A Killer Memory
  2. April 17, 2006 - Natural killers have memory, too
  3. April 18, 2006 - Chemical Guidance Of T Cells Leads To Immunologic Memory And Long-term Immunity - also here, here
  4. April 19, 2006 - Researchers Reveal Lung's Unique Innate Immune System - also here, here
Background


Genetics of obesity and body shape

References:
  1. April 17, 2006 - Big Hips, Big Belly? It's In Your Genes, New Study Shows - also here
Background


Cancer

References:
  1. April 17, 2006 - Scientists Discover A Genetic Switch That Links Animal Growth And Cancer - also here, here
  2. April 18, 2006 - Osteoporosis drug cuts breast cancer risk
  3. April 18, 2006 - Osteoporosis Drug Raloxifene Shown To Be As Effective As Tamoxifen In Preventing Invasive Breast Cancer - also here
  4. April 18, 2006 - New Cancer Drug Shows Fewer Side Effects - also here
  5. April 18, 2006 - Recurrent melanoma may be more common than previously thought
  6. April 18, 2006 - Technique could speed new medulloblastoma drugs
  7. April 19, 2006 - Prostate Cancer Research May Be Faster With PSA Endpoints - also here, here
  8. April 19, 2006 - New Predictive Model To Assess Individual's Risk Of Prostate Cancer
  9. April 19, 2006 - Current cancer therapy may become obsolete
  10. April 20, 2006 - Researchers Unlock Mystery Of Very Aggressive Leukemia - also here
  11. April 20, 2006 - Inhibition Of Iron-metabolizing Enzyme Reduces Tumor Growth - also here
  12. April 21, 2006 - Possible Cause And Potential Treatment Found For Aggressive Head And Neck Cancer - also here, here
  13. April 22, 2006 - A Broken Stress Response System Can Contribute To Gleevec Resistance - also here, here
  14. April 22, 2006 - Viral Protein Helps Infected T Cells Stick To Uninfected Cells - also here
  15. April 22, 2006 - New Hybrid Virus Provides Targeted Molecular Imaging Of Cancer - also here, here
  16. April 23, 2006 - Scientists Highlight Previously Unknown Functions Of Tumor Suppressor Gene
Background


Movement of chromosomes in a cell nucleus

References:
  1. April 17, 2006 - Movement Of Chromosome In Nucleus Visualized - also here
Background


Distributed computing of protein structure

References:
  1. April 17, 2006 - Donate Your Unused Computing Power To Aid Medical Research - also here
Background


Alzheimer's disease

References:
  1. April 18, 2006 - Mediterranean Diet Lowers Alzheimer's Risk In American Cohort
  2. April 18, 2006 - Diet seen to cut Alzheimer's risk sharply
  3. April 18, 2006 - Mediterranean diet makes for healthy minds?
  4. April 18, 2006 - Mediterranean Diet May Help Prevent Alzheimer's
  5. April 19, 2006 - Med Diet May Cut Alzheimer's Risk - also here
  6. April 19, 2006 - Scientists find new cause of Alzheimer's
  7. April 20, 2006 - Researchers discover a new genetic cause of Alzheimer's disease
  8. April 20, 2006 - Rare form of Alzheimer's disease found in Camelford resident
  9. April 21, 2006 - Death of Alzheimer victim linked to aluminium pollution
Background


Parthenogenesis in Hymenoptera

References:
  1. April 18, 2006 - Insects That Produce Males From Unfertilized Eggs Reveal A Surprising Cellular Feat - also here
Background, Background


Animal intelligence

References:
  1. April 18, 2006 - Physical Intelligence In Rooks
Background


Sex differences in pain sensitivity of the brain

References:
  1. April 18, 2006 - Brain differences could explain why males and females experience pain relief differently
Background


Enzymes

References:
  1. April 18, 2006 - The Quantum Shortcut
Background


Brain-imaging studies

References:
  1. April 19, 2006 - Watching the brain 'switch off' self-awareness
  2. April 19, 2006 - Study watches the brain 'shutting off'
  3. April 30, 2006 - Watching The Brain Switch Off 'Self'
Background


Visual recognition of words

References:
  1. April 19, 2006 - Name that W... o... r... d...
  2. April 19, 2006 - 'Word-vision' brain area confirmed
  3. April 20, 2006 - Controversial Theory Linking Reading Ability to Specific Brain Region Gets a Boost
  4. April 22, 2006 - 'Word-vision' Brain Area Confirmed - also here
Background


Sexual selection in finches

References:
  1. April 19, 2006 - Finches Provide Answer to Another Evolutionary Riddle
  2. April 19, 2006 - Picking The Best Parent For Your Chicks - also here
  3. April 20, 2006 - Despair Not, Frumpy Guys
Background


Diabetes

References:
  1. April 19, 2006 - Little Difference Between Human Insulin And Faster-acting Drugs - also here
  2. April 20, 2006 - Combination treatment reverses diabetes in mice
  3. April 20, 2006 - The Diabetes Epidemic: Obesity A Major Factor - also here
  4. April 21, 2006 - Combination therapy reverses type 1 diabetes
  5. April 23, 2006 - Study Reveals Findings On How Insulin-producing Beta Cells Grow And Function
  6. April 23, 2006 - Scientists Make Major Finding On Potential Cure For Type 1 Diabetes - also here, here
Background


Embryonic development of left/right asymmetry

References:
  1. April 19, 2006 - How Embryos Differentiate Left From Right - also here, here
Background


Parkinson's disease

References:
  1. April 19, 2006 - Agent Protects Parkinson's Neurons From Rotenone Toxicity - also here
Background


Genome evolution

References:
  1. April 19, 2006 - Mouse to man: The story of chromosomes - also here
Background


Pleiotropic genes and the evolution of complex traits

References:
  1. April 19, 2006 - Study looks at fruit fly sexual attraction
  2. April 20, 2006 - On a fly's wing, scientists tally evolution's winners and losses
  3. April 23, 2006 - Fruitfly Study Shows How Evolution Wings It - also here, here
  4. April 23, 2006 - The Spotty History of Fruit Flies
Background, Background


Role of color in visual perception

References:
  1. April 19, 2006 - Color plays role in perception
  2. April 20, 2006 - Research challenges concept that motion perception is all black and white
Background


Speed of signal transmission in neurons

References:
  1. April 19, 2006 - Why nerve cells work faster than the theory allows
Background


Antibiotics

References:
  1. April 20, 2006 - Fighting superbugs with milk
Background


Gene regulatory networks

References:
  1. April 20, 2006 - The logic of life
Background


Stem cells

References:
  1. April 20, 2006 - Novel molecular 'signature' marks DNA of embryonic stem cells - also here
  2. April 20, 2006 - Scientists announce stem-cell discovery
  3. April 20, 2006 - Stem Cell Study For Patients With Heart Attack Damage Seeks To Regenerate Heart Muscle - also here, here
  4. April 24, 2006 - A Peek Under The Hood Of Embryonic Stem Cells - also here
  5. April 25, 2006 - Studies Find Elusive Key to Cell Fate in Embryo
Background


Connections between tactile and visual senses

References:
  1. April 20, 2006 - If a blind person gained sight, could they recognize objects previously touched?
Background


Avian flu

References:
  1. April 20, 2006 - Skeptics warn bird flu fears are overblown
  2. April 21, 2006 - Studies warn flu drug may lose efficacy in pandemic
  3. April 23, 2006 - Tests: Pigeons Don't Pose Bird Flu Trouble - also here
Background


Evolution of eyes

References:
  1. April 20, 2006 - The Secret's in the Third Eye
Background, Background


Fruit fly development

References:
  1. April 20, 2006 - Mapping dynamic Polycomb group proteins during Drosophila development
Background


Gene regulation in stem cells by Polycomb proteins

References:
  1. April 21, 2006 - Mapping the foundation of human development - also here, here
  2. April 21, 2006 - How embryonic stem cells maintain their identity
Background


Group behavior of neural cells

References:
  1. April 21, 2006 - Even At Small Scales, The Big Decisions Are Made At The Water Cooler - also here, here
Background


Control of lipid metabolism

References:
  1. April 21, 2006 - Scientists Uncover Lethal Gene Mutation Key To Blocking Cholesterol Processing - also here, here
Background


Formation of nuclear membrane pores

References:
  1. April 21, 2006 - Researchers Solve Mystery Of How Nuclear Pores Duplicate Before Cell Division - also here, here
Background


Regulation of G-protein coupled receptor signaling

References:
  1. April 21, 2006 - Study in Science holds promise for a new approach to drug therapy - also here, here
Background


Cell-signaling regulator

References:
  1. April 21, 2006 - Discovery points to more effective ways of regulating cell signalling
Background


Analyzing the Major Histocompatibility Complex

References:
  1. April 22, 2006 - New Method Designed To Analyze One Of The Most Complex Regions Of The Human Genome: The Genes That Regulate The Immune System - also here, here
Background


Drug discovery

References:
  1. April 22, 2006 - In Chemical Genetics, A New Strategy Could Speed Drug Discovery - also here
Background


Gene therapy

  1. April 22, 2006 - New Hybrid Virus Provides Targeted Molecular Imaging Of Cancer - also here, here
Background


MicroRNA and cancer

References:
  1. April 22, 2009 - RNA test might reveal early cancer, offer drug target
Background, Background


Encoding of values by neurons

References:
  1. April 23, 2006 - Researchers Find Neurons That Encode The Value Of Different Goods
  2. April 23, 2006 - Scientists find brain cells linked to choice - also here, here
  3. April 24, 2006 - Can't choose? Blame your brain
  4. April 25, 2006 - What's It Worth to Ya?
Background


Group problem solving

References:
  1. April 23, 2006 - Groups Perform Better Than The Best Individuals At Solving Complex Problems - also here
Background


Copyright © 2006 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved