Open Questions Chronicle

[OQC Home] [Open Questions] [Site Map] [Previous] [Next]

Volume 5, Number 6
February 6, 2006

Physical sciences and technology

Earth's core-mantle boundary
Global warming
Short gamma-ray bursts
Computer pattern recognition
Long-distance quantum entanglement
Earthquakes
Proposed test of loop quantum gravity
Quantum cryptography
K-T mass extinction
Nanotechnology
Nanomagnetism
Nanoelectronics
High-temperature superconductivityDwarf galaxies
Hot galactic halos
Oxygen levels in the atmosphere
Carbon nanotubes
Fuel cells
Merger of dwarf galaxy with Milky Way

Life sciences

Cancer
Obesity caused by viruses
Prions and stem cells
RNA metabolism
Stem cells
Prokaryotic genomes
Origins of life
Evolution of the mammalian immune system
Alzheimer's disease
AIDS
Langerhans cells
Language and perception
Brain-imaging studies
Avian flu
RNAi and telomere length in fruit flies
Diabetes
Dispersal of memory function in the brain
Recognition and the hippocampus
Mechanism of viral infection
Resistance to bacterial infection
Experimental drug for cardiovascular disease
Evolution of complex animals
Vaccines
Neanderthals
Diabetes
Olfactory perception
Early human migrations
Myosin "molecular motors"


Earth's core-mantle boundary

References:
  1. January 30, 2006 - Researchers unlock mystery of layer encircling the Earth's core - also here
Background


Global warming

References:
  1. January 30, 2006 - Stark warning over climate change
  2. February 1, 2006 - Conflicting Claims on Global Warming and Why It's All Moot
  3. February 4, 2006 - 2005 was warmest year on record
Background


Short gamma-ray bursts

References:
  1. January 31, 2006 - Stellar 'partner swaps' yield cosmic explosions
  2. February 2, 2006 - Neutron Star Swaps Lead to Short Gamma-Ray Bursts
Background


Computer pattern recognition

References:
  1. January 31, 2006 - A New Way To Help Computers Recognize Patterns
Background


Long-distance quantum entanglement

References:
  1. January 31, 2006 - Light and atoms get entangled
Background


Earthquakes

References:
  1. January 31, 2006 - Sediment layer may forecast greatest earthquakes
  2. February 1, 2006 - Sediment Build-Up May Bring Bigger Earthquakes
  3. February 1, 2006 - Sediment Could Be A Major Factor In Biggest Subduction Zone Earthquakes - also here, here
  4. February 3, 2006 - Melted Rock Helps Quakes Shake
Background


Proposed test of loop quantum gravity

References:
  1. February 2, 2006 - Quantum gravity for real
Background


Quantum cryptography

References:
  1. February 2, 2006 - New Technologies Enhance Quantum Cryptography - also here, here
Background


K-T mass extinction

References:
  1. February 2, 2006 - Dinosaur extinction controversy continues
Background


Nanotechnology

References:
  1. February 2, 2006 - Stable polymer nanotubes may have a biotech future - also here
Background


Nanomagnetism

References:
  1. February 2, 2006 - Study of 'Solitons' Adds Insight into Nanomagnet Behavior
Background


Nanoelectronics

References:
  1. February 2, 2006 - New design for transistors powered by single electrons - also here
Background


High-temperature superconductivity
  • February 2, 2006 - Experiments debunk 'pseudogap' role in superconductivity, pave way to practical superconductors Background


    Dwarf galaxies

    References:
    1. February 3, 2006 - Andromeda's new satellite galaxy is faintest yet
    Background


    Hot galactic halos

    References:
    1. February 3, 2006 - NGC 5746: Detection of hot halo gets theory out of hot water
    Background


    Oxygen levels in the atmosphere

    References:
    1. February 3, 2006 - Early Earth's oxygen boost linked to clay
    Background


    Carbon nanotubes

    References:
    1. February 3, 2006 - Carbon nanotube capacitors
    Background


    Fuel cells

    References:
    1. February 3, 2006 - Nanoscale Engineering to Power a Greener Future
    Background


    Merger of dwarf galaxy with Milky Way

    References:
    1. February 4, 2006 - Galactic cannibalism
    Background


    Cancer

    References:
    1. January 30, 2006 - Controversial painkillers could slash cancer risk
    2. January 30, 2006 - Regular Use Of Selective COX-2 Inhibitors Decreases Risk Of Breast Cancer - also here
    3. January 31, 2006 - Consumption Of Omega-3 Fatty Acids Unlikely To Significantly Reduce Risk Of Cancer
    4. January 31, 2006 - DNA Key To Predicting Prostate And Renal Cancer
    5. January 31, 2006 - Frankincense may fight some cancers
    6. February 1, 2006 - Researcher examining malignant melanoma in horses
    7. February 1, 2006 - Protein holds back growth of head and neck tumors
    8. February 1, 2006 - Protein found to control tumor growth in certain breast cancers
    9. February 1, 2006 - Omega-6 fats cause prostate tumors to grow twice as fast
    10. February 2, 2006 - Molecular Force Field Helps Cancer Cells Defend Against Attack - also here, here
    11. February 2, 2006 - Post-pregnancy Events Promote Breast Tumor Metastasis - here
    12. February 2, 2006 - Partner Proteins May Help Estrogen Foster Breast Cancer
    Background


    Prions and stem cells

    References:
    1. January 30, 2006 - Prions may hold key to stem cell function
    2. January 30, 2006 - Prions Present a Positive Side
    3. January 30, 2006 - Prions give boost to stem cells
    4. January 31, 2006 - Mad-cow culprit maintains stem cells
    5. January 31, 2006 - Prion protein maintains stem cells
    6. February 14, 2006 - Mad cow protein aids creation of brain cells
    Background, Background


    Obesity caused by viruses

    References:
    1. January 30, 2006 - Study Strengthens Link between Virus and Weight Gain
    2. January 30, 2006 - Contagious Obesity? Identifying The Human Adenoviruses That May Make Us Fat - also here
    Background


    RNA metabolism

    References:
    1. January 30, 2006 - Intracellular Observation Of RNA Metabolism Will Help Identify Disease-associated RNAs - also here
    Background, Background


    Stem cells

    References:
    1. January 30, 2006 - Bones From Blood: Scientists Aim To Break New Ground On Fractures - also here
    2. January 30, 2006 - Scientists try to grow bones from blood
    3. January 30, 2006 - Stem Cells From Muscles Can Repair Cartilage
    4. January 31, 2006 - Stem cell transplants offer hope against lupus
    5. January 31, 2006 - Viable Skin Cells Prove Difficult to Derive from Embryonic Stem Cells
    6. February 1, 2006 - Research shows promise for using stem cell transplantation to treat patients with severe lupus
    7. February 1, 2006 - Life-threatening lupus responds to stem cell transplant therapy
    8. February 3, 2006 - Life-threatening Lupus Responds To Stem Cell Transplant Therapy
    Background


    Prokaryotic genomes

    References:
    1. January 30, 2006 - Patterns In Genome Organization May Partially Explain How Microbial Cells Work
    Background


    Origins of life

    References:
    1. January 30, 2006 - Blasts from the past could have kick-started life
    Background


    Evolution of the mammalian immune system

    References:
    1. January 31, 2006 - Marsupial genome reveals insights into mammalian evolution
    2. January 31, 2006 - First marsupial genome sequenced
    Background


    Alzheimer's disease

    References:
    1. January 31, 2006 - Use Your Brain, Halve Your Risk Of Dementia
    2. February 3, 2006 - When thinking can hurt
    3. February 3, 2006 - Receptor critical in neurodegeneration reduces Alzheimer's plaque
    Background


    AIDS

    References:
    1. January 31, 2006 - HIV Prevention Hope: Yogurt Bugs That Make Antiviral Drugs
    Background


    Langerhans cells

    References:
    1. January 31, 2006 - Source Of Crucial Immune Cell In The Skin Discovered - also here
    Background


    Language and perception

    References:
    1. January 31, 2006 - Words help us see and talk
    Background


    Brain-imaging studies

    References:
    1. January 31, 2006 - Who's the liar? Brain MRI stands up to polygraph test
    Background


    Avian flu

    References:
    1. February 1, 2006 - WHO lab confirms Iraqi bird flu death
    2. February 2, 2006 - Common cold may save us from bird flu
    3. February 2, 2006 - GM aid for pandemic flu vaccine
    Background


    RNAi and telomere length in fruit flies

    References:
    1. February 1, 2006 - RNAi and telomere length
    Background


    Diabetes

    References:
    1. February 1, 2006 - Study using new imaging technology detects subtle brain changes in patients with Type 1 diabetes
    Background


    Dispersal of memory function in the brain

    References:
    1. February 2, 2006 - Researchers Prove A Single Memory Is Processed In Three Separate Parts Of The Brain
    Background


    Recognition and the hippocampus

    References:
    1. February 2, 2006 - A fork in memory lane: research indicates hippocampus supports two aspects of recognition
    Background


    Mechanism of viral infection

    References:
    1. February 2, 2006 - Unraveling the viral mechanism
    Background


    Resistance to bacterial infection

    References:
    1. February 2, 2006 - A step forward in the fight against bacterial infections
    Background


    Experimental drug for cardiovascular disease

    References:
    1. February 2, 2006 - Researchers study multi-purpose drug
    Background


    Evolution of complex animals

    References:
    1. February 3, 2006 - Study Suggests Clay Paved the Way for Evolution of Complex Animals
    Background


    Vaccines

    References:
    1. February 3, 2006 - Vaccines may be diluted 100-fold
    Background


    Neanderthals

    References:
    1. February 3, 2006 - Neanderthals were skillful hunters
    Background


    Diabetes

    References:
    1. February 3, 2006 - Obesity May Be Factor In Accelerated Type I Diabetes In Some Patients - also here
    Background


    Olfactory perception

    References:
    1. February 3, 2006 - A Bouquet Of Responses: Olfactory Nerve Cells Expressing Same Receptor Display A Varied Set Of Reactions - also here
    Background


    Early human migrations

    References:
    1. February 3, 2006 - New analysis shows three human migrations out of Africa - also here, here
    Background


    Myosin "molecular motors"

    References:
    1. February 3, 2006 - New measurements prove myosin VI can act as molecular transporter
    Background


    Copyright © 2006 by Charles Daney, All Rights Reserved